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Encyclopedia > Lorelei
The Rock of Lorelei by the Rhine
The Rock of Lorelei by the Rhine
Lorelei
Lorelei
Lorelei
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Lorelei
Loreley sign on the bank of the Rhine
Loreley sign on the bank of the Rhine
View of the Rhine as seen by Lorelei
View of the Rhine as seen by Lorelei

The Lorelei (originally written as Loreley) is a rock on the eastern bank of the Rhine near St. Goarshausen, which soars some 120 meters above the water line. It marks the narrowest part of the river between Switzerland and the North Sea. A very strong current and rocks below the waterline have caused many boat accidents there. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4598x1408, 1065 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Lorelei ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4598x1408, 1065 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Lorelei ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 473 KB) Lorelei, Germany I took this picture on April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Lorelei ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (768x1024, 473 KB) Lorelei, Germany I took this picture on April 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Lorelei ... Lorelei, 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lorelei, 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 667 KB) Summary Took this photo on a trip up the Rhine in the summer of 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 667 KB) Summary Took this photo on a trip up the Rhine in the summer of 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 665 KB) View of the Rhine as seen by Lorelei --Tobyw87 16:30, 20 July 2006 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lorelei User:Tobyw87... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 665 KB) View of the Rhine as seen by Lorelei --Tobyw87 16:30, 20 July 2006 (UTC) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lorelei User:Tobyw87... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Sankt Goarshausen is a town located in the State Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. ...


Lorelei is also the name of one of the beautiful Rhine Maidens who lured navigators of this river to their dooms with their alluring singing, much as the ancient Greek Sirens did. In Greek mythology, the Sirens or Seirenes (Greek Σειρῆνας) were sea nymphs who lived on an island called Sirenum scopuli which was surrounded by cliffs and rocks. ...


The name comes from the old German words "lureln" (Rhine dialect for "murmuring") and "ley" (rock). The translation of the name would therefore be: "murmur rock" or "murmuring rock". The heavy currents, and a small waterfall in the area (still visible in the early 19th century) created a murmuring sound, and this combined with the special echo the rock produces which acted as a sort of amplifier, then gave name to the rock itself.[1] The murmuring is hard to hear today due to the urbanization of the area. Other theories include attributing the name to the many accidents, by combining the word "luren" (lurk) with the same "ley" ending, with the translation "lurking rock". The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Hopetoun Falls near Otway National Park, Victoria, Australia A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

In folklore

The rock is associated with several legendary tales originating in German folklore. It appears in many forms, but is best known through a poem by Heinrich Heine that begins "Ich weiss nicht was soll es bedeuten" (which means in English, "I don't know what to make of it"). In the most common form of the story, the Lorelei is a maiden who threw herself into the Rhine in despair over a faithless lover, and became a nixe whose voice lured fishermen to destruction. German folklore shares many characteristics with Scandinavian folklore due to origins in a common Germanic mythology. ... Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (born as Harry [Hebrew: Chaim] Heine December 13, 1797 – February 17, 1856) was one of the most significant German poets. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Strömkarlen from 1884 by Ernst Josephson has formed many modern Swedes view of Näcken. ...


A 13th-century legend entitled Der Marner says that the Nibelung treasure was hidden beneath the rock. The tale may be connected with the myth of Holda, queen of the elves. The queen supposedly sits combing her locks on the Hullenstein, and the man who sees her loses sight of reason, while he who listens is condemned to wander with her for ever. The legend, which Clemens Brentano claimed as his own invention when he wrote his poem "Zu Bacharach am Rheine" in his novel of Godwi (1801), bears all the marks of popular mythology. (Brentano really was inspired by a paraphrase of Ovids "Metamorphoses", published in 1631. Cf. the essay, which Werner Bellmann published 1978.) In the 19th century it formed material for a great number of songs, dramatic sketches, and operas, which are enumerated by Dr Hermann Seeliger in his Loreleysage in Dichtung und Musik (Leipzig-Reudnitz, 1898). The favourite poem with composers was Heine's, set to music by some twenty-five musicians, the settings by Friedrich Silcher (from an old folk-song) and by Liszt being the most famous. German Nibelung and the corresponding Old Norse form Niflung (Niflungr) refers in most of the German texts and in all the Old Norse texts to the royal family or lineage of the Burgundians who settled at Worms. ... In Germanic folklore Holda is the supernatural patron of the mystery of spinning with its links to the other world (See weaving (mythology)). She is well known throughout northern Europe (see Huld in Scandinavian mythology). ... Clemens Brentano, or Klemens Brentano (September 8, 1778 – July 28, 1842) was a German poet and novelist. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Phillipp Friedrich Silcher (June 27, 1789 - August 26, 1860), is a German Song Composer. ... Portrait of Franz Liszt, painted in 1839 by Henri Lehmann. ...


Translation of Heine's "Die Lorelei"

I don’t know what it could mean,
that I’m so sad: I find,
A fairy-tale, from times unseen,
Won’t vanish from my mind.


The air is cool and it darkens,
And quiet flows the Rhine:
The tops of the mountains sparkle,
In evening’s after-shine.


The loveliest of maidens,
She’s wonderful, sits there,
Her golden jewels glisten,
She combs her golden hair.


She combs it with a comb of gold,
And sings a song as well:
Its strangeness too is old
And casts a powerful spell.


It grips the boatman in his boat
With a wild pang of woe:
He only looks up to the heights,
Can’t see the rocks below.


I believe the waves swallowed
The boat and its boatman,
That’s what, by her singing,
The Lorelei has done.


Trivia

  • Lorelei is the name of, and the name of the subject character, in the rock 'n' roll hit song by the American band Styx from 1976.
  • Lorelei Lee is the name of Marilyn Monroe's character in the 1953 movie Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.
  • Lorelei is the subject of When Mermaids Cry, a song by Eagle-Eye Cherry.
  • Blackmore's Night's song Loreley is based on the nixe-version of the legend. The song was also used as a theme for german TV-series Die Burg.
  • Lorelei is the name of a sacred weapon (a Diviner) used by Ledah, a companion and eventual rival of the main character in the video game Riviera: The Promised Land.
  • Loreley is the name of a German Biergarten in downtown New York City.
  • Lorelai is the name of Lauren Graham's character on Gilmore Girls.
  • Lorelei is the name of a mermaid played by Marta Kristen in the 1965 movie Beach Blanket Bingo. The character Bonehead, played by Jody McCrea, falls in love with her.
  • Lorelei is the name of a song written by David Gray
  • Lorelei is a song by Last Train Home
  • Lorelei is a song by The Pogues
  • Lorelei is a song by Theatre of Tragedy
  • Lorelei is a song by Fading Colours
  • Black Forest (Lorelei) is a song by Mercury Rev
  • Lorelei is also the name of a song performed by Chinese singer Alan Tam, the song played in the ending credits of Jackie Chan's "Armour Of God"
  • Lorelei is evoked in the song "Lorelei Sebasto Cha" from french singer Hubert Félix Thiéfaine
  • Lorelei is the final song on the album Turn It Around by Comeback Kid.
  • Lorelei is referenced in the Harry Connick Jr. song: "Just Like Me"
  • Lorelei is a song by The Cocteau Twins
  • An Argentinian rock band called "Vilma Palma e Vampiros" has a song called "Lorele" comparing the haunting power of the siren with drug abuse.
  • Lorelei, in Pokemon is a member of the Indigo Plateau Elite Four, who specializes in using ice-type Pokemon. Her name changes into Prima in the anime.
  • In the Transformers: Cybertron anime, the female Decepticon Thunderblast was said to be behind the inspiration for Lorelei.
  • LORELEY is a song by J-Rock band L'Arc~en~Ciel on the album HEART
  • Lorelei is referenced in the Toad The Wet Sprocket song: "All Right" (1995 Album, In Light Syrup)
  • Lorelei is referenced in the Paul McCartney song "Beautiful Night".
  • Lorelei is the name of a supervillain from the Fairyland dimension who is an adversary of the Justice Society of America

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a novel written by Anita Loos that was published in 1925, a Broadway play produced in 1926, a Broadway musical produced in 1949, which Loos also wrote the book for, and two motion pictures. ... Eagle-Eye Lanoo Cherry (born 7 May 1968 in Skane, Sweden) is an American-Swedish singer known best for his hit Save Tonight. Cherry comes from a musical family that includes sister Neneh Cherry, father Don Cherry and half-sister on his Swedish side Titiyo. ... vocalist Candice Night Blackmores Night is a Renaissance-inspired folk rock/new age band led by Ritchie Blackmore (electric and acoustic guitars) and Candice Night (lyricist and lead vocals). ... Lorelai Victoria Gilmore (born April 1968) is a fictional character on the television series Gilmore Girls, played by Lauren Graham. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Gilmore Girls is an hour-long American television drama/comedy that has aired since 2000. ... The statue of The Little Mermaid, a monument to Hans Christian Andersen, in Copenhagen harbour. ... Marta Kristen born Birgit Annalisa Rusanen on February 26, 1945, in Norway is an American actress best known for her role as the character Judy Robinson in the cult television series Lost in Space. ... Beach Blanket Bingo is a beach movie made in the year 1965. ... Jody McCrea (born September 6, 1934 in Los Angeles, California) born Joel Dee McCrea, is the son of Frances Dee and Joel McCrea, both famous actors. ... David Gray. ... The Pogues are a very popular Irish folk rock band of the 1980s and 1990s. ... The band Theatre of Tragedy Theatre of Tragedy is a Norwegian band from Stavanger, originally assembled in 1993 and best known for their earlier albums, which provided a great deal of influence to the gothic metal genre. ... Turn It Around is Comeback Kids first EP. It was released in 2005 on Facedown records. ... Comeback Kid (or CBK for short) is a hardcore punk band from Winnipeg, Canada. ... Cocteau Twins were an influential and prolific British band formed in 1980, their music becoming nearly synonymous with their record label 4AD. Their trademark sound of layered, ethereal guitar and indecipherable vocals inspired the 1990s shoegazing genre, which included numerous bands such as Lush, Slowdive, Pale Saints, and My Bloody... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... LArc~en~Ciel ), also known as LArc or Laruku ) to their fans, is a popular J-Rock quartet. ... Heart is Japanese rock band LArc-en-Ciels fifth album, released on February 25, 1998. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE, (born June 18, 1942) is an English songwriter, musician and singer, best known as a member of The Beatles and one half of the songwriting partnership known as Lennon/McCartney. ... The Justice Society of America, or JSA, is a DC Comics superhero group, the first team of superheroes in comic book history. ...

Literature

  • Werner Bellmann: Brentanos Lore Lay-Ballade und der antike Echo-Mythos. In: Clemens Brentano. Beiträge des Kolloquiums im Freien Deutschen Hochstift 1978, hrsg. von Detlev Lüders, Tübingen 1980, S. 1-9.
  • Jürgen Kolbe: "Ich weiß nicht was soll es bedeuten". Heinrich Heines Loreley. Bilder und Gedichte. München 1976.

Notes

  1. ^ Loreley - Ein Beitrag zur Namendeutung. Accessed June 16, 2006.

June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lorelei - Bulbapedia (632 words)
Lorelei did, however, invite them to her lecture and demonstration.
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Lorelei is a villainess in the Pokémon Special manga.
Lorelei (Asgardian) - Marvel Database (1050 words)
Lorelei is the younger sister of the sorceress, Amora the Enchantress.
Lorelei was tiring of Thor, but agreed to Loki's scheme since she planned to have Thor become monarch himself, and to make her his queen.
In a battle between Seth and Balder, Lorelei was interposed among them and the servants of Seth to save Balder, shortly after, she died for the injuries.
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