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Encyclopedia > Lord North
Lord North
Term: 28 January 177022 March 1782
Predecessor: The Duke of Grafton
Successor: The Marquess of Rockingham
Date of Birth: 13 April 1732
Place of Birth: Piccadilly, London
Date of Death: 5 August 1792
Place of Death: Grosvenor Square, London
Political Party: Tory

Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (April 13, 1732August 5, 1792), more often known by his earlier title, Lord North, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782, and a major actor in the American Revolution.


He was educated at Eton College and Oxford where he was a member of Trinity College. He served as a Member of Parliament from 1754 to 1790 and first joined the government as a junior Lord of the Treasury on June 2, 1759 during the Newcastle-Pitt coalition. In December, 1767, he succeeded Charles Townshend as Chancellor of the Exchequer. When the Duke of Grafton resigned as Prime Minister, North formed a government on January 28, 1770. He resigned on March 27, 1782, as a result of the British defeat at Yorktown the year before. (He is famously supposed to have cried, "Oh God! It's all over! It's all over!" when this happened). Most of his government was focused first of the growing problems with the American colonies and later with the actual Revolutionary War.


In April, 1783, North returned to power as Home Secretary in an unlikely coalition with the radical Whig leader Charles James Fox known as the Fox-North Coalition under the nominal leadership of The Duke of Portland. George III, who detested Fox, never forgave this supposed betrayal, and North never again served in government after the ministry fell in December, 1783.


He left his seat in parliament when he went blind in 1790. Later he succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Guilford, so he spent his final years in the House of Lords. He died on August 5th, 1792 in London.



Preceded by:
Charles Townshend
Paymaster of the Forces jointly with George Cooke
1766–1767
Succeeded by:
George Cooke and Thomas Townshend
Preceded by:
Charles Townshend
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1767–1782
Succeeded by:
The Lord John Cavendish
Leader of the House of Commons
1767–1782
Succeeded by:
Charles James Fox
Preceded by:
The Duke of Grafton
Prime Minister of Great Britain
1770–1782
Succeeded by:
The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by:
The Earl of Holdernesse
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1778–1792
Succeeded by:
William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by:
Thomas Townshend
Home Secretary
1783
Succeeded by:
The Earl Temple
Leader of the House of Commons jointly with Charles James Fox
1783
Succeeded by:
William Pitt the Younger





Preceded by:
Francis North
Earl of Guilford
Succeeded by:
George Augustus North



  Results from FactBites:
 
Frederick North, Lord North - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (442 words)
Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (April 13, 1732–August 5, 1792), more often known by his earlier title, Lord North, was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782, and a major actor in the American Revolution.
Lord North was born at Wroxton Abbey as the eldest of six children; his parents were Francis, first Earl of Guilford, and Lady Lucy Montagu.
North was appointed Joint Paymaster of the Forces in Chatham's ministry and became a Privy Counsellor in 1766.
Frederick, Lord North (1732-1792) (851 words)
The Duke of Newcastle was a distant cousin of North.
It was Lord North who declared John Wilkes' election at Middlesex null and void (1768), thus helping to precipitate the Petitioning Movement and a host of problems for the Duke of Grafton.
North was threatened by the mob during the Gordon Riots of 1780 and finally he was allowed by the king to resign office in March 1782.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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