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Encyclopedia > Lord Monboddo

James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714 - May 26, 1799) was a Scottish judge, scholar and eccentric. // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Travel guide to Scotland from Wikitravel Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... In popular usage, eccentricity refers to unusual or odd behavior on the part of a person, as opposed to being normal. ...


James Burnett was born in 1714 at Monboddo in Kincardineshire, Scotland. After his primary educations at the parish school of Laurencekirk, he studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen where he graduated 1729, at Edinburgh University and the University of Groningen. At Edinburgh he graduated at law and was admitted to Scottish Bar in 1737. 1767 he became a Lord of Session and adopted a title based on his father's estate in Monboddo. // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... Kincardineshire, also known as The Mearns (from A Mhaoirne meaning The Stewartry) is a traditional county on the coast of Northeast Scotland. ... Travel guide to Scotland from Wikitravel Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in... Laurencekirk is a small town just off the A90 Dundee to Aberdeen main road in Scotland. ... Marschal College viewed from Upper Kirkgate Marischal College was founded in 1593 in Aberdeen by George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal of Scotland. ... Aberdeens location in Scotland Aberdeen (Obar Dheathain in Scottish Gaelic) is Scotlands third largest city, with a population of 212,125. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... The University of Edinburgh was founded in 1583 as a renowned centre for teaching in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Front of the main building of the University of Groningen The University of Groningen (Dutch: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen or RuG) is a university in Groningen, Netherlands. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Burnett married Grace Farquharson and they had two boys and a girl before Grace died. Burnett's daughter Elizabeth Burnett was an Edinburgh celebrity. Unfortunately she died of consumption at the age of 25. Burnett's friend Robert Burns wrote a elegy for her. Tuberculosis is an infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (miliary TB), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... Robert Burns, preeminent Scottish poet Burns redirects here. ... Originally used for a type of poetic metre (Elegiac metre), the term elegy is also used for a poem of mourning, from the Greek elegos, a reflection on the death of someone or on a sorrow generally. ...


Burnett was also eccentric. One tale tells how, when he came out of court and noticed it was raining, he put only his wig into his sedan chair and walked home. He claimed to follow practices of ancient Greeks to keep his body in good physical condition. He preferred to journey on horseback instead of in carriage, even between Edinburgh and London. Because of a decision against him about a value of a horse, he refused to sit on the Bench with other judges but sat underneath with the court clerks. WIG, originally an acronym for Warszawski Indeks Giełdowy (Warsaw Stock Exchange Index) is the oldest index for the Warsaw Stock Exchange. ... A Sedan chair, revived at the Turkish Village of the Worlds Columbian Exposition, 1893 A Sedan chair is an enclosed windowed chair with an upholstered interior suitable for a single occupant, which was carried by two porters, one in front, one behind, using wooden rails that passed through metal... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,500,000 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ...


Burnett organized "learned suppers" at his house in St John Street, where he discussed and lectured about his theories. Local intellectuals were invited to attend attic repasts.


In his books Burnett wrote about his philosophical views. His main writings include The Origin and Progress of Language that argues that mankind had shed their primeval tails and is related to orangutans. In Antient Metaphysics, Burnett claimed that man is gradually elevating himself from the animal condition to a state in which mind acts independently of the body. He also professed a belief that human babies are born with tails and that midwives cut them off at birth. Contemporary opinion considered his views strange but later commentators have seen him preceding the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin. The word tail in the English language has a number of meanings: Tail (anatomy) is used to describe the rear end of an animals body, especially when it forms a distinct, flexible appendage to the trunk; Tail can describe anything like an animals tail in form or position... Type species Simia pygmaeus Linnaeus, 1760 Species Pongo pygmaeus Pongo abelii Orangutans (also spelled orang utan, orang-utan, sometimes incorrectly orangutang) are two species of great apes with long arms and reddish, sometimes brown, hair native to Malaysia and Indonesia. ... Midwifery is a blanket term used to describe a number of different types of health practitioners, other than doctors, who provide prenatal care to expecting mothers, attend the birth of the infant and provide postnatal care to the mother and infant. ... A phylogenetic tree of all living things, based on rRNA gene data, showing the separation of the three domains, bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes, as described initially by Carl Woese. ... In his lifetime Charles Darwin gained international fame as a controversial and influential scientist. ...


When Burnett was visiting the King's Court in London in 1787, part of the ceiling of the courtroom started to collapse. People rushed out of the building but Burnett who, at the age of 71, was partially deaf and shortsighted, was the only one not move. When he was later asked for a reason, he stated that he thought it "an annual ceremony, with which, as an alien, he had nothing to do". 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Books of Lord Monboddo

  • The Origin and Progress of Language (6 volumes, 1773-1792)
  • Antient Metaphysics (6 volumes, 1779 - 1799)

Books about Lord Monboddo

  • Emily L. Cloyd - James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1972)

  Results from FactBites:
 
James Burnett, Lord Monboddo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2675 words)
James Burnett was born in 1714 at Monboddo House in Kincardineshire, Scotland.
Monboddo was the first to formulate what is now known as the single-origin hypothesis, the theory that all human origin was from a single region of the earth; he reached this conclusion by reasoning from linguistic evolution (Jones, 1789).
Monboddo is considered by a number of scholars (Cloyd, 1972), (Gray, 1929), (Lovejoy, 1933) as a precursive thinker in the theory of evolution.
Talk:James Burnett, Lord Monboddo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (612 words)
Monboddo does not make the cut in any of the books on the history of evolutionary thought written by historians.
All of the references except one are from the 1920s and 1930s, when knowledge about the history of evolution was very poor and still wrapped up in the fact that they were still forming the modern synthesis.
whether Charles Darwin was influenced by Monboddo, something with no support at all), and an over-quotation of relatively fringe sources for the history of evolutionary thought at the detriment of mainstream historians, with the overt and explicit intention of "proving" that Monboddo had a strong (and unrecognized) influence on evolutionary thought.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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