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Encyclopedia > Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island
Unofficial but regularly-flown flag of Lord Howe Island
Unofficial but regularly-flown flag of Lord Howe Island
Geography
Location Lord Howe Island Group
Coordinates 31°33′S, 159°05′E
Area 14.6 km²
Highest point Mount Gower (875 m (2870 ft))
Administration
Flag of Australia  Australia
Administrative Division Part of New South Wales
Demographics
Population 350 permanent residents. Tourists are restricted to 400 at any one time.
Density 23.97/km²
For the island off Solomon Islands, see Ontong Java Atoll

Lord Howe Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean 600 km (373 mi) east of the Australian mainland. Along with Ball's Pyramid, it is administered by the Lord Howe Island Board, one of 175 local authorities in the state of New South Wales, and is part of the Mid-North Coast Statistical Division. The Lord Howe Island group was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1982 in recognition of its unique beauty and biodiversity. The Lord Howe Island Marine Park and Lord Howe Island Marine Park (commonwealth waters) protect the waters surrounding the island group. Image File history File links Flag_of_Lord_Howe_Island. ... Lord Howe Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean 600 km (375 miles) east of Australia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... Ontong Java Atoll is the northernmost tract of land in the Solomon Islands and an outlying part of the province of Malaita. ... km redirects here. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Image:Balls Pyramid2. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lord Howe Island Marine Park consists of the waters to 3 nautical miles off Lord Howe Island, Balls Pyramid and a New South Wales state marine park. ... Lord Howe Island Marine Park (commonwealth waters) is a 3000. ...


The island's standard time zone is UTC+10:30. During daylight saving time this shifts by half an hour to UTC+11 instead of a full hour. A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... as non DST time Federated States of Micronesia Kosrae, Pohnpei, and surrounding area New Caledonia Russia Kuril Islands* Magadan Oblast* Sakha Republic* (eastern portion) Solomon Islands Vanuatu as DST Australia (Australian Eastern Daylight Time) Australian Capital Territory** New South Wales** Tasmania** (where daylight saving time starts on the first weekend...

Contents

History

Lord Howe Island was discovered on 17 February 1788 by HMS Supply, commanded by Lieutenant Henry Lidgbird Ball, RN, who was on his way from Botany Bay to Norfolk Island with convicts to start a penal settlement there. On his return journey on 13 March 1788 he sent a party ashore on the island. It was uninhabited, and it seems had not been known to any of the Polynesian peoples of the South Pacific. Mount Lidgbird on the island and the nearby Ball's Pyramid are named after Ball. The island itself was named after Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe who was First Lord of the Admiralty. Henry Lidgbird Ball (1756-1818)was a British Navy seaman, best known for discovering and exploring Lord Howe Island. ... For other Botany Bays see Botany Bay (disambiguation) Bicentennial Monument at Botany Bay Botany Bay is a bay in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, a few kilometers south of the central business district. ...


Many government ships sailing between New South Wales and Norfolk Island stopped at the island, as did some whaling and trading vessels. Some ships left goats and pigs on the island for food for future visitors but a permanent settlement wasn't established until 1834 at an area known today as Old Settlement. Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... This article is about the pig genus. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Until the 1974 there was no airstrip and the only way to reach it by air was in a flying boat from Rose Bay in Sydney that landed on the lagoon surrounded by the coral reef. In 2002 the Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Nottingham struck Wolf Rock, a reef at Lord Howe Island, and was almost sunk.[1] For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... USS Lassen, an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast and maneuverable yet long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers (originally torpedo boats, later submarines and aircraft). ... HMS Nottingham (D91), is a batch two Type 42 Destroyer of the Royal Navy, named after the city of Nottingham, England. ... Wolf Rock, or sometimes spelt Wolfe Rock in the past, is a rock and reef east of Lord Howe Island. ...


Geology

Lord Howe Island showing Mts Lidgbird and Gower.
Lord Howe Island showing Mts Lidgbird and Gower.

Lord Howe island is roughly crescent-shaped, about 10 km (6 miles) long and 2 km (1 mile) wide. It is an eroded remnant of a 7 million-year-old shield volcano. The crescent of the island protects a coral reef and lagoon. The Lord Howe seamount chain, defined by coral-capped guyots, extends to the north for 1000 km (600 mi), most likely the result of the Indo-Australian Plate moving northward over a stationary hotspot (see plate tectonics). This chain is one of a number of features found on the plateau known as the Lord Howe Rise, part of the submerged continent of Zealandia. Lord Howe Island. ... Lord Howe Island. ... Shield volcano A shield volcano is a large volcano with shallowly-sloping sides. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... A seamount is a mountain rising from the seafloor that does not reach to the surface of the ocean. ... A guyot is a flat-topped seamount. ...  The Indo-Australian plate, shown in dull orange The Indo-Australian Plate is an overarching name for two tectonic plates that include the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean extending northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters. ... In geology, a hotspot is a location on the Earths surface that has experienced active volcanism for a long period of time. ... The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century. ... Image:NONE Monte Roraima In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat rural area. ... The Lord Howe Rise is a underwater plateau that lies 800 kilometres offshore from mainland Australia. ... Topography of Zealandia. ...


Mount Lidgbird 777 m (2,549 ft) and Mount Gower 875 m (2,871 ft) dominate the south end of the island. They are both made of basalt rock, remnants of lava flows that once filled a large volcanic caldera. These lava flows occurred 6.4 million years ago, and were the last volcanic events on the island, which has subsequently eroded to what remains today. The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Basalt Basalt (IPA: ) is a common gray to black volcanic rock. ... Look up lava, Aa, pahoehoe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ...


The coral reef, at 31° S., is the most southerly in the world.


Ball's Pyramid is a rocky islet located 16 km (10 mi) south of Lord Howe Island, and also the remnant of an eroded volcano. It is the largest of several volcanic stacks that form islets in the area. Image:Balls Pyramid2. ... Big Flowerpot, Canada Old Man of Hoy, Scotland Stack near Old Harry Rocks, England A stack is a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast. ...


Flora and Fauna

Lord Howe Island Groupa
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Australia Australia
Type Natural
Criteria vii, x
Identification #186
Regionb Asia-Pacific

Inscription History UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ...

Formal Inscription: 1982
6th Session

a Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
b As classified officially by UNESCO
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Lord Howe island is a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, known as the Lord Howe Island subtropical forests. It is part of the Australasia ecozone, and shares many biotic affinities with Australia, New Guinea, and New Caledonia. Lord Howe Island was never part of a continent, and all of its flora and fauna colonized the island from across the sea. Almost half of the island's native plants are endemic. One of the best known is Howea, an endemic genus of palms (Arecaceae) that are commonly known as kentia palms and make handsome houseplants. Several million are exported annually providing the only major industry on the island apart from tourism. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Tropic wet forests in the World Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical wet forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome. ... The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Species Howea belmoreana Howea forsteriana The Kentia palm or Thatch palm (Howea forsteriana) is endemic to Lord Howe Island. ... For other uses of the word, please see Genus (disambiguation). ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (sometimes known by the names Palmae or Palmaceae, although the latter name is taxonomically invalid. ... Species Howea belmoreana Howea forsteriana The Kentia palm or Thatch palm (Howea forsteriana) is endemic to Lord Howe Island. ...


Another endemic feature of the island are the Glowing Mushrooms, that can be seen after heavy rain. Found in the Palm forests, they can be picked and last for a number of days glowing. The glow is so bright that you can read by it in the dark. 14 species of seabirds and 18 species of landbirds breed on the island group, including an endemic species, the Lord Howe Woodhen (Gallirallus sylvestris) and 3 endemic subspecies, the Lord Howe Golden Whistler (Pachycephala pectoralis contempta), the Lord Howe White-eye (Zosterops lateralis tephropleurus) and the Lord Howe Currawong (Strepera graculina crissalis). Gallirallus sylvestris Sclater, 1869 The Lord Howe Island Rail, Gallirallus sylvestris, also known as the Lord Howe Rail or the Lord Howe Woodhen, is a flightless bird of the rail family (Rallidae). ... In zoology, as in other branches of biology, subspecies is the rank immediately subordinate to a species. ... Subfamilies Falcunculinae Pachycephalinae The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird, and is part of the Australo-Papuan corvid lineage. ... Genera Cleptornis Heleia Hypocryptadius Lophozosterops Madanga Megazosterops Oculocincta Rukia Speirops Tephrozosterops Woodfordia Zosterops Apalopteron The white-eyes are small passerine birds native to tropical and sub-tropical Africa, southern Asia and Australasia. ... Species Stepera graculina Stepera versicolor Stepera fuliginosa Currawongs are medium-sized passerine birds of the family Artamidae native to Australasia. ...


A number of endemic bird species and subspecies have become extinct since the arrival of humans on the island. The Lord Howe Swamphen or White Gallinule (Porphyrio albus), the White-throated Pigeon (Columba vitiensis godmanae), Red-fronted Parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae subflavescens) and the Tasman Booby (Sula tasmani) were eliminated by settlers during the nineteenth century. The accidental introduction of the Black Rat in the 1918 shipwreck of the Makambo triggered a second wave of extinctions including the Vinous-tinted Thrush (Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus), the Robust White-eye (Zosterops strenuus) and the Lord Howe Starling (Alponis fusca hulliana), the Lord Howe Fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina) and the Lord Howe Gerygone (Gerygone insularis). In zoology, as in other branches of biology, subspecies is the rank immediately subordinate to a species. ... Binomial name Porphyrio albus (Shaw, 1790) The Lord Howe Swamphen (Porphyrio albus) was a large bird in the family Rallidae. ... Pigeon redirects here. ... Species Cyanoramphus auriceps Cyanoramphus malherbi Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae Cyanoramphus unicolor Cyanoramphus zealandicus(extinct) Cyanoramphus erythrotis Cyanoramphus saisetti Cyanoramphus cooki Cyanoramphus ulietanus(extinct) Kakariki or New Zealand Parakeets are the three most common species of parakeet in the genus Cyanoramphus, family Psittacidae. ... Trinomial name Sula (dactylatra) tasmani van Tets, Meredith, Fullagar & Davidson, 1988 The Tasman Booby (Sula (dactylatra) tasmani) was a large seabird of the gannet family, Sulidae, described from bones found on Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands in the Tasman Sea (van Tets et al 1988) that was believed to have... Binomial name Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) Black Rat range The Black Rat (Rattus rattus, also known as the Asian black rat, ship rat, roof rat or house rat) is a common long-tailed rodent of the genus Rattus (Old World rodents) and the subfamily murinae (murine rodents). ... Trinomial name Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus (Gould, 1855) The Lord Howe Island Thrush (Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus), also known as Vinous-tinted Thrush or Lord Howe Island Vinous-tinted blackbird, is an extinct subspecies of the Island Thrush (Turdus poliocephalus). ... Trinomial name Aplonis fuscus hullianus (Mathews, 1928) Synonyms Aplonis hulliana Aplonis fusca hulliana The Lord Howe Starling (Aplonis fuscus hullianus) is an extinct race of the Norfolk Starling (Aplonis fusca). ...


Only one native mammal remains on the islands, the Large Forest Bat (Eptesicus sagittula). The endemic bat species (Nyctophilus howensis) is known only from a skull and is now presumed extinct. The cause of its extinction may have been predation by Masked Owl, introduced to the island in the 1920s to control rats. The Masked Owl may also have caused the extinction of the Lord Howe Boobook (Ninox novaeseelandiae albaria). Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... “Chiroptera” redirects here. ... Binomial name Ninox novaeseelandiae ( Gmelin, 1788) The Southern Boobook (Ninox novaeseelandiae), also called the mopoke, is a small brown owl found mainly in New Zealand and the more fertile and temperate parts of Australia. ...

Kentia palm forest on Lord Howe
Kentia palm forest on Lord Howe

Two terrestrial reptiles are native to the island group: the skink (Leiolopisma lichenigera)) and the gecko (Phyllodactylus guentheri). Both are rare on the main island but more common on smaller islands offshore. The skink (Lampropholis delicata) and the Bleating Tree Frog (Litoria dentata) have been accidentally introduced from the Australian mainland in recent years. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 763 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lord Howe Island ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x683, 763 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lord Howe Island ... Genera many—see text Skinks are the most diverse group of lizards. ... Subfamilies Aeluroscalabotinae Eublepharinae Gekkoninae Teratoscincinae Diplodactylinae Geckos are small to moderately/extremly large lizards belonging to the family Gekkonidae which are found in warm climates throughout the world. ... Genera many—see text Skinks are the most diverse group of lizards. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name Litoria dentata Keferstein, 1790 Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} {{{subdivision_ranks}}} [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The Bleating Tree Frog (Litoria dentata) is a tree frog of the genus Litoria. ...


The Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus australis) disappeared from the main island soon after the introduction of Black rats. In 2001 a tiny population was discovered in a single (Melaleuca howeana) shrub on the slopes of Ball's Pyramid. Binomial name Dryococelus australis (Montrouzier, 1885) The Lord Howe Island stick insect was thought to be extinct by 1930, only to be rediscovered in 2001, this phenomenon is also known as the Lazarus effect. ...


Another endemic invertebrate, the Lord Howe Placostylus, has also been affected by the introduction of the black rat. Once common, the species is now endangered and a captive breeding program is under way to save the snail from extinction. The Lord Howe Placostylus Placostylus bivaricosus is a large terrestrial snail found only on Lord Howe Island off the east coast of Australia. ...


Over 400 fish species are found in the waters around Lord Howe including 9 endemic to the region. Over 80 species of coral occur in the reefs surrounding the islands. Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ...


About 10 percent of Lord Howe Island's forests have been cleared for agriculture, and another 20 percent has been disturbed by domestic cattle and feral sheep, goats, and pigs. Despite a large number of introduced species that harm Lord Howe's native flora and fauna, goats have recently been eliminated from the island, the feral pig population has been reduced, and there are ongoing efforts to control rats, mice, and introduced plants. A recovery program has restored the Lord Howe Woodhen numbers from only 20 in 1970 to approximately 200. Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... This article is about the pig genus. ... Species 50 species; see text *Several subfamilies of Muroids include animals called rats. ... Feral mouse A mouse (plural mice) is a rodent that belongs to one of numerous species of small mammals. ... Binomial name Gallirallus sylvestris Sclater, 1869 The Lord Howe Island Rail, Gallirallus sylvestris, also known as the Lord Howe Rail or the Lord Howe Woodhen, is a flightless bird of the rail family (Rallidae). ...


Threats

Based on the analysis in Tim Flannery's The Weather Makers, the ecosystem of Lord Howe Island is threatened by climate change and global warming. The reefs are at risk from rises in water temperature. The Great Barrier Reef is specifically identified as being at risk to the effects of global warming on Australia, and the same analysis applies to the reefs of Lord Howe Island.[2] Cool climate flora and fauna are at risk from rises in temperature as those on or near the top of Mount Gower cannot migrate higher to stay within their preferred temperature range. Timothy Fridtjof Flannery (born 28 January 1956) is a well-known Australian mammalogist, biologist, writer, Humanist and paleontologist. ... The Weather Makers: The History and Future Impact of Climate Change (2005) is a book by Tim Flannery. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006 Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and the projected... The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef system,[1][2] composed of roughly 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands that stretch for 2,600 kilometres (1,616 mi) and cover an area of approximately 344,400 km².[3][4] The reef is located in the... Main article: Effects of global warming Over the next century and beyond, climate change will result in a broad range of consequences for most regions, including Australia. ...


Notes

  1. ^ "Battle to save stricken warship", 2002-07-07. Retrieved on 2007-03-08. 
  2. ^ Jones, R.N. (2004) Managing Climate Change Risks, in Agrawala, S. and Corfee-Morlot, J. (eds.), The Benefits of Climate Change Policies: Analytical and Framework Issues, OECD, Paris, 249–298, cited in the CSIRO's Climate Change Impacts on Australia and the Benefits of Early Action to Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions" [1]

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is the national government body for scientific research in Australia. ...

References

  • Hutton, Ian (1998). The Australian Geographic Book of Lord Howe Island. Australian Geographic. ISBN 1-876276-27-4. 

The Australian Geographic is a quarterly geographic magazine created by Dick Smith in 1986. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lord Howe Island (2558 words)
The island’s preservation was assured by Victorian-era descriptions of “this gem of the sea” when reports were brought back to the Australian mainland regarding the progress of the multiracial settlers who had arrived in the 1830s.
The island’s climate is subtropical, with temperatures rising from an average low of 16°C to 19°C in winter, 26°C in the summer, and an annual rainfall of 1650mm.
Lord Howe had been a popular stopover on the cruise-ship circuit before World War II, and after the war it began to be visited by holiday-makers from Sydney, who came by seaplane.
Lord Howe Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1199 words)
It is an eroded remnant of a 6.9 million-year-old shield volcano.
Lord Howe island is a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, known as the Lord Howe Island subtropical forests.
Lord Howe Island was never part of a continent, and all of its flora and fauna colonized the island from across the sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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