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Encyclopedia > Lord Frederick Cavendish

Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish (November 30, 1836May 6, 1882) was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, who was appointed to the post of Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882. Lord Frederick Cavendish (August 1729 – October 21, 1803) was a British field marshal and Whig politician, a younger son of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal Party statesman and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The Chief Secretary was the most important position for determining British policy in Ireland after the Lord Lieutenant, and was frequently a cabinet level position in the 19th and early twentieth centuries. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Born in Eastbourne, Sussex, he was the second son of William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, and the brother of Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, who had also been Chief Secretary 1870-71. He married Lucy Lyttelton, granddaughter of Sir Stephen Glynne and niece of William Gladstone's wife Catherine. Shown within East Sussex Geography Status: Borough Region: South East England Historic County: Sussex Admin. ... Sussex as a traditional county. ... The Most Noble William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire (27 April 1808 —21 December 1891) (known previously as 2nd Earl of Burlington of the second creation), was the great-grandson of the 4th Duke of Devonshire and grandson of the 1st Earl of Burlington of the second creation, whom he... Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 - 24 March 1908) was a British Liberal statesman, previously known (1858-1891) as Marquess of Hartington (a courtesy title). ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal Party statesman and Prime Minister (1868–74, 1880–85, 1886 and 1892–94). ... Catherine Glynne Gladstone, née Catherine Glynne (January 6, 1812 – June 14, 1900) was the wife of British Prime Minister William Gladstone from 1839 until his death 59 years later in 1898. ...


Cavendish was returned to Parliament for the West Riding of Yorkshire North in 1865, and served under Gladstone as a Junior Lord of the Treasury from 1873 to 1874 and as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1880 to 1882. In May 1882 he was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland. Within hours of taking office, he and the Permanent Under Secretary, Thomas Henry Burke, were assassinated in Phoenix Park in Dublin by an extreme Irish nationalist group known as the Irish National Invincibles. The event was infamously known as the Phoenix Park Murders. Northern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire. ... In the United Kingdom, there are at least six Lords of the Treasury who serve concurrently. ... Financial Secretary to the Treasury is a junior Ministerial post in the UK Treasury. ... Thomas Henry Burke, (1829 – 1882) He was Permanent Under Secretary at the Irish Office for many years before being assassinated during the Phoenix Park Murders on Saturday May 6, 1882. ... Deer grazing near the Papal Cross in the Phoenix Park Phoenix Park (in Irish, Páirc an Fhionn-Uisce) is a large park located 3 km to the north west of Dublin city centre in Ireland. ... Dublin city centre at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... Irish National Invincibles usually known as the Invincibles was largely composed of former Irish Republican Brotherhood members operating independently of the IRB. They planned to kill the Permanent Under Secretary at the Irish Office Thomas Henry Burke and it was Chief Secretary for Ireland Lord Frederick Cavendishs misfortune that... The term Phoenix Park Murders is used to refer to the assassination in 1882 of the second and third in command of the British Dublin Castle government of Ireland by the Irish National Invincibles. ...


His imposing white Carrara marble tomb can be seen in Cartmel Priory, Cumbria. There is a memorial to him at Bolton Abbey. Carrara is a city in the Massa Carrara province of Tuscany, Italy, famous for the white or blue_gray marble quarried there. ... Cartmel Priory Cartmel Priory, at Cartmel, Cumbria, England, is a priory founded in 1190 by William Marshal, later 2nd Earl of Pembroke for the Augustinian Canons and dedicated to Saint Mary the Virgin and Saint Michael. ... Bolton Abbey Bolton Abbey is a ruined 12th-century priory in North Yorkshire, England. ...

Parliament of the United Kingdom (1801–present)
Preceded by
New constituency
Member of Parliament for West Riding of Yorkshire North
with Sir Francis Crossley 1865–1872
Francis Sharp Powell 1872–1874
Sir Mathew Wilson 1874–1882

1865–1882
Succeeded by
Sir Mathew Wilson
Isaac Holden
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Selwin-Ibbetson
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1880–1882
Succeeded by
Leonard Courtney
Preceded by
William Edward Forster
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1882
Succeeded by
George Otto Trevelyan

Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons The Right Honourable Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, Baroness Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups (as of May 5, 2005 elections) Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats... Northern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire. ... Sir Francis Crossley, 1st Baronet, of Halifax (26 October 1817 – 5 January 1872), was a British carpet manufacturer, philanthropist and Liberal Party politician. ... Sir Isaac Holden (1807-1897) was an inventor and manufacturer, who is known both for his work with wool-combing and with matches. ... Financial Secretary to the Treasury is a junior Ministerial post in the UK Treasury. ... Leonard Henry Courtney, caricature by Spy Leonard Henry Courtney, 1st Baron Courtney of Penwith PC (6 July 1832 – 11 May 1918) was a British politician and man of letters, eldest son of JS Courtney, a banker, was born at Penzance. ... William Edward Forster in 1851 William Edward Forster (July 11, 1818 - April 6, 1886), British statesman, was born of Quaker parents at Bradpole in Dorsetshire. ... The Chief Secretary was the most important position for determining British policy in Ireland after the Lord Lieutenant, and was frequently a cabinet level position in the 19th and early twentieth centuries. ... Sir George Otto Trevelyan, Bt (20 July 1838 - 17 August 1928) was an English statesman and author and the only son of Sir Charles Trevelyan. ...

See also

Charles Stewart Parnell, the uncrowned King of Ireland Charles Stewart Parnell[1] (27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891) was an Irish political leader and one of the most important figures in 19th century Ireland and the United Kingdom; William Ewart Gladstone described him as the most remarkable person he had...

External links

  • His portrait at the National Portrait Gallery

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Connaught Telegraph, Mayo, Ireland (901 words)
Lord Frederick Cavendish is rightly remembered as a champion of the poor and oppressed.
Lord Cavendish swiftly established a reputation as a man of - authority and strong opinions.
Lord Cavendish was born at Dovridge, Derby, in 1777.
Biography of Lord George Bentinck - Family and Estate Resources - Manuscripts & Special Collections- The University of ... (378 words)
The second surviving son of the 4th Duke of Portland, Lord George's early life was dominated by sporting and military pursuits.
Lord George had a short, but extremely influential political career, becoming leader of the Protectionist cause in the House of Commons in 1846.
Lord George's papers are part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection held in Manuscripts and Special Collections and include extensive personal and political correspondence
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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