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Encyclopedia > Lord Burghley
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (13 September 15214 August 1598), was an English politician, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign. william cecil 1st baron burghley painted by marcus gheeraerts the youger or john de critz the elder This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... william cecil 1st baron burghley painted by marcus gheeraerts the youger or john de critz the elder This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ...


Cecil was born in Bourne in 1521, the son of Richard Cecil (owner of the Burghley estate in Northamptonshire) and his wife Jane Heckington. The estate is today open to the public and is the setting for a popular equestrian event. Cecil was educated at Cambridge University and in 1547 was given a post in the household of King Henry VIII. Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants) is a county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world (after Oxford). ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ...


His early career was spent in the service of the Duke of Somerset (a brother of the late Queen Jane). When Somerset, a powerful figure during the reign of his nephew, King Edward VI, was disgraced and executed, Cecil lost his position but was soon restored and promoted, being knighted in 1550. He survived the reign of Edward's successor, Queen Mary I, by diplomatically adopting the Catholic faith, but it seems that he already recognised the potential of the Queen's younger sister, Elizabeth, whom he coached for the monarchy. When she came to the throne in 1558, she appointed him Secretary of State. In 1571, in anticipation of the impending marriage between Cecil's daughter Anne (b. 1556) to Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, she created him Baron Burghley, and in 1572 named him Lord High Treasurer on the death of Lord Winchester. Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. ... Jane Seymour is also the stage name of a popular actress. ... Edward VI (12 October 1537–6 July 1553) was King of England and King of Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. ... A silver statue of an armoured knight, created as a trophy in 1850 For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de jure) or 19 July 1553 (de facto) until her death. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, a Secretary of State is a senior Cabinet Minister in charge of a Government Department. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... The Earl of Oxford, from the 1914 publication English Travellers of the Renaissance by Clare Howard Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (April 12, 1550 - June 24, 1604) was born at Castle Hedingham to the 16th Earl of Oxford. ... Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... The Lord High Treasurer bears a white staff as his symbol of office. ... Sir William Paulet (c. ...


Lord Burghley continued to hold the dominant position in Elizabeth's administration right up until his death in 1598 and contributed hugely to her success as Queen. His younger son, Sir Robert Cecil (later created Baron Cecil, Viscount Cranborne and finally Earl of Salisbury), inherited his political mantle, taking on the role of chief minister and arranging a smooth transfer of power to the Stuart administration under King James I. His elder son, Sir Thomas Cecil, who inherited the Barony of Burghley on his death, was later created Earl of Exeter. Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury (June 1, 1563 -May 24, 1612), son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley and half-brother of Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, statesman, spymaster and minister to Elizabeth I of England and James I of England. ... The title Marquess of Salisbury is a British title of Peerage, created in 1789 for James Cecil, 7th Earl of Salisbury. ... The title Marquess of Salisbury is a British title of Peerage, created in 1789 for James Cecil, 7th Earl of Salisbury. ... The title Marquess of Salisbury is a British title of Peerage, created in 1789 for James Cecil, 7th Earl of Salisbury. ... James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ... Thomas Cecil (May 5, 1546-February 8, 1623), eldest son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, was created 1st Earl of Exeter on May 4, 1605, the same day his half-brother Robert Cecil,1st Viscount Cranborne was created 1st Earl of Salisbury. ... The title of Marquess of Exeter was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801 for the Earl of Exeter. ... The title of Marquess of Exeter was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801 for the Earl of Exeter. ...



Preceded by:
Unknown
Lord Privy Seal
1571–1572
Succeeded by:
The Lord Howard of Effingham
Preceded by:
The Marquess of Winchester
Lord High Treasurer
1572–1598
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Dorset
Preceded by:
Sir Francis Walsingham
Lord Privy Seal
1590–1598
Succeeded by:
Sir Robert Cecil


The Lord Privy Seal or Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal is one of the traditional sinecure offices in the British Cabinet. ... William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham (c. ... Sir William Paulet (c. ... The Lord High Treasurer bears a white staff as his symbol of office. ... Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset (1536 - 19 April 1608) was an English statesman and poet. ... Sir Francis Walsingham (c. ... The Lord Privy Seal or Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal is one of the traditional sinecure offices in the British Cabinet. ... Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury (June 1, 1563 -May 24, 1612), son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley and half-brother of Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, statesman, spymaster and minister to Elizabeth I of England and James I of England. ...



Preceded by:
New Creation
Baron Burghley
Succeeded by:
Thomas Cecil


The title of Marquess of Exeter was created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1801 for the Earl of Exeter. ... Thomas Cecil (May 5, 1546-February 8, 1623), eldest son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, was created 1st Earl of Exeter on May 4, 1605, the same day his half-brother Robert Cecil,1st Viscount Cranborne was created 1st Earl of Salisbury. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Burghley (346 words)
Burghley is one of the largest and grandest houses of the first Elizabethan Age.
Burghley is a real treasure house, having been transformed throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by two great collecting Earls.
Lord Exeter´s considerable taste was greatly aided by marrying a considerable heiress, Anne Cavendish, daughter of the 3rd Earl of Devonshire (from Chatsworth).
England Under The Tudors: William Cecil, Lord Burleigh (1521-1598) [Lord Burghley, advisor to Queen Elizabeth I] (1997 words)
On the 25th of February 1571 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Burghley of Burghley (or Burleigh); the fact that he continued to act as secretary after his elevation illustrates the growing importance of that office, which under his son became a secretaryship of state.
It was a signal triumph over Leicester; and, although Burghley had still to reckon with cabals in the council and at court, his hold over the queen strengthened with the lapse of years.
Burghley's private life was singularly virtuous; he was a faithful husband, a careful father and a considerate master.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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