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Encyclopedia > Lorca

Lorca is a city in southeast Spain, in the autonomous community of Murcia. It has a population of 84,245 (year 2004), up from the 2001 census total of 77,477. Lorca is the second-largest municipality in land area (after Cáceres) in Spain at 1,675.21 km² (646.8 sq mi). Capital Murcia Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 9th  11 313 km²  2,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 10th  1 226 993  2,9%  108,46/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Murcian  murciano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 ISO 3166-2 MU Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...

Castle of Lorca
Castle of Lorca

Contents

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1217 pixel, file size: 546 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Castillo de Lorca. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1217 pixel, file size: 546 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Castillo de Lorca. ...

History

The region around Lorca was already inhabited by the Iberians during the Bronze Age (El Argar culture). Lorca was probably called Eliocroca by the Romans and Lurka by the Arabs. The old part of the town, made up of narrow streets and alley-ways, achieved its present shape under Islamic rule. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... El Argar is the name given to an ancient civilization that flourished from the town of Antas, Almeria, in the south of Spain between 1700 BCE and 1400 BCE. The El Argar civilization was characterized by its early adoption of bronze, which briefly allowed this tribe local dominance over other... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... For other uses, see moor. ...


During the Reconquista, Lorca was a dangerous border town, caught between the Spanish kingdom of Castile and the Moorish kingdom of Granada. The square tower of homage of the city fortress can be seen from many points of the town. It was named Torre Alfonsina after King Alfonso X of Castile. For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... For other uses, see Granada (disambiguation). ... Alfonso X and his court. ...


Tourist attractions

During the 18th c., a number of baroque churches were built in Lorca. Together with the noble houses in the old town, which are currently being restored, they make up a decent set of historical monuments. Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ...


From the 19th c. on, religious processions or marches have been taking place during the Holy Week every year. The processions in Lorca are unique for their atmosphere, a blend of gaiety and devotion. Roman soldiers and quadrigas take turns with baroque statues of saints and with amateurs playing Cleopatra, Nero, the devil and other biblical and historical characters riding floats inspired in ancient locations. Holy Week (Latin: ) in Christianity is the last week of Lent. ... A quadriga (from the Latin language quadri-, four, and jungere, to yoke) is a four-horse chariot, raced in the Olympic Games and other sacred games, and represented in profile as the usual chariot of gods and heroes on Greek vases and bas-reliefs. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Cleopatra was a co-ruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... Satan frozen at the center of Cocytus, the ninth circle of Hell in Dantes Inferno. ... There are several meanings of float: an air-filled vessel that floats on water, such as some types of lifeboats buoyancy float (project management) floating currency floating exchange rate floating point, a datatype in computer science free float of company stock insurance (investable policyholder funds) root beer float: ice cream...


As the medieval fortress is intended to be converted into a state-run hotel (Parador Nacional), excavations were carried out on site by way of power shovels. After the remains of a synagogue and a Jewish ghetto were found near the fortress, the work has been continued despite massive protests by prominent archaeologists. A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogē, assembly; ‎ beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: or Template:Lanh-he beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ...


Economy

After most of the land and water supplies had been held for centuries by a minority of landowners and by Roman Catholic religious orders, Lorca began a period of sluggish economic growth during the 1960s. A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. ...


Still today, its economy is largely based on agriculture and stockbreeding (pigs), although its service industries make it the commercial capital of the surrounding area. In recent years, Lorca has experienced a population growth because of peasant immigration, mostly coming from Ecuador and Morocco.


Environment

Lorca formed around the Guadalentín river (in Arabic "mud river") in a quite arid valley. In fact, agriculture heavily depends on water transferred from the Tagus river in Central Spain. Irrigation channels were laid out all over the country by the Moors during the Middle Age. View over Tejo River from Almourol Castle in Portugal (May 2005). ... For other uses, see moor. ... Middle age is the period of life beyond young adulthood but before the onset of old age. ...


The excrements produced at pig farms pose a big threat to the environment that has not been cleared yet.


External links

  • La Lorca judía sale a la luz
  • Ayuntamiento de Lorca
  • Cámara de Comercio e Industria de Lorca
  • Museo Arqueológico Lorca
  • LorcaRock Festival
  • Viva Murcia community info/photos from Lorca town


edit Municipalities in Murcia Flag of Murcia

Abanilla | Abarán | Águilas | Albudeite | Alcantarilla | Los Alcázares | Aledo | Alguazas | Alhama de Murcia | Archena | Beniel | Blanca | Bullas | Calasparra | Campos del Río | Caravaca de la Cruz | Cartagena | Cehegín | Ceutí | Cieza | Fortuna | Fuente Álamo de Murcia | Jumilla | Librilla | Lorca | Lorquí | Mazarrón | Molina de Segura | Moratalla | Mula | Murcia | Ojós | Pliego |Puerto Lumbreras | Ricote | San Javier | San Pedro del Pinatar | Santomera | Torre-Pacheco | Las Torres de Cotillas | Totana | Ulea | La Unión | Villanueva del Río Segura | Yecla This is a list of the municipalities in the province and autonomous community of Murcia, Spain. ... Capital Murcia Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 9th  11 313 km²  2,2% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 10th  1 226 993  2,9%  108,46/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Murcian  murciano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 ISO 3166-2 MU Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Region_of_Murcia. ... Abanilla is a Spanish municipality located in the province of Murcia in the Autonomous Community of Murcia. ... Abarán is a Spanish municipality located in the province of Murcia. ... Águilas is a municipality and seaport of southeastern Spain, in the province of Murcia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... San Pedro del Pinatar (coordinates: ) is a small town and municipality in the autonomous community and province of Murcia, southeastern Spain. ... Bullas is a municipality and town in the autonomous community of Murcia, southeast Spain. ... Santuario de la Virgen de la Esperanza, Calasparra Calasparra is a municipality in the autonomous community of Murcia, Spain. ... Baroque façade of the Castle of Vera Cruz Caravaca de la Cruz (or simply and more commonly Caravaca) is a town and municipality of southeastern Spain, in the province of Murcia, near the left bank of the River Caravaca, a tributary of the Segura. ... For other places of the same name, see Cartagena Cartagena is a seaport in southeast Spain on the Mediterranean Sea, in the autonomous community of Murcia. ... Cehegín is a town and municipality in the province and autonomous community of Murcia, Spain, situated some 66 km from the city of Murcia. ... Cieza is a town and municipality in Spain, in the autonomous community of Murcia. ... Jumilla is a wine-producing region in southern Spain. ... Mazarrón is a municipality in the autonomous community and province of Murcia, southeastern Spain. ... Pico del Buitre (2005) Moratalla is a small town, center of a wide municipality (961 km²) in southeastern Spain, belonging to the Autonomous Community of Murcia. ... View of Mula Mula is a municipality in the northeast of the autonomous community of Murcia in Spain, with approximately 16,000 inhabitants (2005, INE figures). ... For the Roman goddess, see Venus. ... San Pedro del Pinatar (coordinates: ) is a small town and municipality in the autonomous community and province of Murcia, southeastern Spain, Europe. ... Totana is a municipality of the Murcia (autonomous community) province in Spain. ... La Unión is situated in the Region of Murcia, in the southwest of Spain. ... Yecla is a town in eastern Spain, in the extreme north of the autonomous community of Murcia. ...


Coordinates: 37°41′N, 1°42′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lorca - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (478 words)
Lorca is a city in southeast Spain, in the autonomous community of Murcia.
Lorca was probably called Eliocroca by the Romans and Lurka by the Arabs.
During the Reconquista, Lorca was a dangerous border town, caught between the Spanish kingdom of Castile and the Moorish kingdom of Granada.
Lorca - LoveToKnow 1911 (196 words)
LORCA, a town of eastern Spain, in the province of Murcia, on the right bank of the river Sangonera (here called the Guadalantin or Guadalentin) and on the Murcia-Baza railway.
It was the key of Murcia during the Moorish wars, and was frequently taken and retaken.
In 1886 the Pantano, which was one of the largest of European reservoirs, being formed by a dam Boo ft. long and 160 ft. high, was successfully rebuilt.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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