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Encyclopedia > Lorado Taft
Self-portrait from the Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Self-portrait from the Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Columbus Fountain, Washington D.C.
Columbus Fountain, Washington D.C.

Lorado Zadoc Taft (April 29, 1860October 30, 1936) was an American sculptor, writer and educator, was born in Elmwood, Illinois in 1860. After being homeschooled by his parents, Taft earned his bachelor’s degree (1879) and master’s degree (1880) from the University of Illinois where his father was a professor of Geology. The same year he left for Paris to study sculpture. In Paris he attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where he studied with Augustin Dumant, Jean Marie Bienaimé (Bonnassieux) and Jules Thomas. Upon returning to the United States in 1886 he settled in Chicago (although he continued to have a connection to the University of Illinois in Urbana for most of the rest of his life) and begun teaching at the Art Institute of Chicago, a post he was to remain at until 1929. Download high resolution version (458x679, 126 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (458x679, 126 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Elmwood is a city located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... The University of Illinois is the set of three public universities in Illinois. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... cole des Beaux Arts refers to several art schools in France. ... The Art Institute of Chicago is one of the premier art museums and art schools in the United States, known especially for the extensive collection of Impressionist and American art in its museum. ...


In 1892, while the art community of Chicago was all in a twitter about preparing for the Colombian International Exposition of 1893 head architect Daniel Burnham expressed concern to Taft that the sculptural adornments to the buildings might not be finished on time. Taft asked if he could employ some of his female students as assistants (women as sculptors were not an accepted reality at that time) for the Horticultural Building, Burnham responded with the classic reply, ‘Hire anyone, even white rabbits if they’ll do the work." From that arose a group of talented women sculptors who were to retain the name, "the White Rabbits." These included Enid Yandell, Carol Brooks MacNeil, Bessie Potter Vonnoh, Janet Scudder, and Julia Bracken. Later another former student, Francis Loring was to note that Taft was to use his students’ talents to further his own career, a not uncommon observation by students regarding their teachers. In general, history has given Taft credit for helping advancing the status of women as sculptors. In 1893, while the Chicago World Columbian Exposition was preparing to open, sculptor Lorado Taft was assigned to produce the numerous statues and other architectural embellishments that were to adorn the Horticultural Building, designed by architects William LeBaron Jenney & WB Mundie. ... Enid Yandell (October 6, 1871 - June 13, 1934 was an American sculptor who studied with Auguste Rodin and Frederick W. MacMonnies. ... Janet [Netta Deweze Frazee] Scudder, , born on October 27, 1875, 1873 or 1869 (Terre Haute, Indiana); died June 9, 1940 (Rockport, Massachusetts) was an American sculptor. ...

Black Hawk, Oregon IL
Black Hawk, Oregon IL

In 1903 Taft published The History of American Sculpture, the first survey of the subject and a work that Taft is better known for (except perhaps in Chicago) than his many sculptures. His revised version, published in 1925, was to remain the standard reference on the subject until Wayne Craven came out with "Sculpture in America in 1968. Download high resolution version (451x708, 95 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (451x708, 95 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


As he grew older his eloquent speaking skills and compelling writing led Taft, along with Frederick Ruckstall to the forefront of sculpture’s conservative ranks, where he often served as a spokesperson against the modern and abstract tendencies that developed in sculpture during his lifetime.


Lorado Taft was a member of the National Sculpture Society and exhibited at both their 1923 and 1929 shows. Today Taft is best remembered for his various fountains.

Contents


Selected Works

Civil War Monument, Oregon IL
Civil War Monument, Oregon IL
  • Black Hawk (chief) Monument, Oregon IL
  • Soldiers Monument, Oregon, IL
  • Fountain of Time, Chicago. IL
  • Fountain of the Great Lakes, Chicago Institute of Art, Chicago IL
  • Two Groups, Louisiana State Capitol, Baton Rouge, LA
  • Columbus Fountain, Washington D.C.
  • Graves Memorial, Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, IL 1909
  • Lawson Monument, the Crusader, Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, IL 1931
  • Thatcher Memorial Fountain, Denver CO
  • Defense of the Flag, Jackson MI
  • William A. Foote Memorial, Jackson, MI
  • Lincoln the Orator, Urbana, Illinois
  • Alma Mater, University of Illinois

Download high resolution version (458x693, 68 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (458x693, 68 KB)photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Black Hawk Black Hawk (Makataimeshekiakiak) (1767–October 3, 1838) was a chief of the Sauk Indian Native American in what is now the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The University of Illinois is the set of three public universities in Illinois. ...

Sources

Dolphin Fountain, Oregon IL
Dolphin Fountain, Oregon IL


Bach, Ira and Mary Lackritz Gray, Chicago’s Public Sculpture, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1983 photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Barnard, Harry, This Great Triumvirate of Patriots – The inspiring Story behind Lorado Taft’s Chicago Monument to George Washington, Robert Morris and Haym Solomon, Follett Publishing, Chicago Illinois 1971


Contemporary American Sculpture, The California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Lincoln Park, San Francisco, The National Sculpture Society 1929


Craven, Wayne, Sculpture in America, Thomas Y. Crowell Co, NY, NY 1968


Exhibition of American Sculpture Catalogue, 156th Street of Broadway New York, The National Sculpture Society 1923


Garvey, Timothy J., Public Sculptor – Lorado Taft and the Beautification of Chicago, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois 1988

Lincoln Park Band Stand Group, Chicago, IL
Lincoln Park Band Stand Group, Chicago, IL

Goode, James M. The Outdoor Sculpture of Washington D.C., Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington D.C. 1974 Download high resolution version (455x684, 85 KB)Image:LTDolphinFountain. ... Download high resolution version (455x684, 85 KB)Image:LTDolphinFountain. ...


Kubly, Vincent, The Louisiana Capitol-Its Art and Architecture, Pelican Publishing Company, Gretna 1977


Kvaran,, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture of America, unpublished manuscript

Fountain of the Great Lakes, Chicago, IL
Fountain of the Great Lakes, Chicago, IL

Lanctot, Barbara, A Walk Through Graceland Cemetery, Chicago Architecture Foundation, Chicago, IL 1988 Download high resolution version (455x684, 79 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (455x684, 79 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Opitz, Glenn B, Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986


Rubenstein, Charlotte Streifer, American Women Sculptors, G.K. Hall & Co., Boston 1990


Scheinman, Muriel, A Guide to the Art of the University of Illinois, University of Illinois Press, Urbana 1995


Taft, Lorado, History of American Sculpture, The MacMillan Company, NY, NY 1925


Taft, Lorado, Modern Tendencies in Sculpture, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1921


Weller, Allen Stuart, Lorado in Paris – the Letters of Lorado Taft 1880 – 1885, University of Illinois Press, Urbana Illinois 1985


Fountain of Time

After more than a dozen year of work Taft's Fountain of Time was unveiled at the west end of Chicago's Midway Plaisance in 1922. Based on poet Austin Dobson's lines: "Time goes, you say? Ah no, Alas, time stays, we go." the fountain shows a cloaked figure of time observing the stream of humanity flowing past.

Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL
Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL

Download high resolution version (456x684, 70 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (456x684, 70 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (456x676, 99 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (456x676, 99 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Lorado Taft File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Pioneer & Patriot Groups for the Louisiana State Capitol Building

The last major commission that Taft was to complete in his life was two groups for the front entrance to the Louisiana State capitol Building, dedicated in 1932.

The Pioneers
The Pioneers
The Pioneers
The Pioneers
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots
The Patriots

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lorado Taft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (903 words)
Self-portrait from the Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL Columbus Fountain, Washington D.C. Lorado Zadoc Taft (April 29, 1860–October 30, 1936) was an American sculptor, writer and educator, was born in Elmwood, Illinois in 1860.
Later another former student, Francis Loring was to note that Taft was to use his students’ talents to further his own career, a not uncommon observation by students regarding their teachers.
Lorado Taft was a member of the National Sculpture Society and exhibited at both their 1923 and 1929 shows.
City of Oregon, Illinois (463 words)
The Lorado Taft Field Campus formed in 1951 when sixty-six acres of land were transferred from the Illinois Department of Conservation including a fifteen-acre parcel that was formerly the site of the Eagle's Nest Art Colony.
Lorado Taft was born on April 29, 1860, in Elmwood, Illinois.
Taft opened his first studio in Chicago upon returning from Paris, and went on to win a number of awards at national and international expositions, including the Columbian Exposition in 1893, the Pan-American Exposition in 1901, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904, and the Panama-Pacific Exposition in 1915.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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