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Encyclopedia > Lopare
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Location

Lopare, which evermore is taking on the aspect and importance of a city, is located in picturesque countryside, where wondrous Mount Majevica gives way to the meadows and the flatlands of Semberija and Posavina. Lopare has since time immemorial been the centre of the Majevica foothills, and in our time has gained the possibility of becoming a city in an ecologically clean environment. It might become an important economic, health and tourist center of this part of Republika Srpska.


Lopare is the administrative, health, educational, and transportation canter of the Municipality bearing its name. It occupies 280 square kill, and has 16,829 residents in 4,704 households. The population density is 60.1 person, or 3.58 households, per square kill. It borders on the Municipalities of Ugljevik, Bijeljina and Brcko in Republika Srpska, and Teocak, Sapna, Srerbrenik, Tuzla and Celic in the Federation of Bosna and Herzegovina.


The inter-Entity boundary-line in this region is 17 km long. A full 35% of the Municipality's territory was given to the BiH Federation at the conclusion of the patriotic war.


After the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the establishment of the inter-Entity border across Majevica, Lopare Municipality came to have 28 village communities: Pukis, Smiljevac, Koretasi, Mrtvica, Bobino Brdo, Koraj, Mirosavci, Puskovac, Milino Selo, Brusnica, Piperi, Vakuf, Pirkovci, Jablanica, Mackovac, Kozjak, Tobut, Lopare Selo, Vukosavci, Labucka, Peljave, Lipovice, Priboj, Brijest,Podgora, Konjikovici, and Potras. First place is had by Lopare, accessible by a modern road from Priboj, branching off the Bijeljina- Tuzla highway.


Before the peace agreement was signed, Lopare also counted among its villages Lukavica, whose population has been displaced and is now found throughout Republika Srpska, though mostly in Lopare.


During the 1993 population census, Lopare had the most inhabitance> 1,659 in 486 households. Priboj had 1,604 with 455 households, Lopare Selo 1,248, Tobut 1,489, Mrtvica 885, lablanica 964, Peljave 754, Pirkovci 761, Puskovac 762, and soon.The population of Koraj, Potras and Konjikovici varies, but they are also considered to be the more populous of Lopare's villages. A great many refugees and displaced persons sought refuge in these parts. There are now 1,648 ofthemin412 families.


The Municipality of Lopare has 1,891 workers, of whom 1,689 are employed in the state sector. The Employment Bureau has 843 people registered, mostly unqualified, but including 285 qualified and four with a university diploma. The region has 1,220 pensioners and 314 war invalids. The patriotic war took the lives of 230 RS Army soldiers. It has a further 100 unclassified war invalids, 26 families of civilian war victims and 20 civilian war invalids.


The Municipality can with reason be called youthful, since it hasl,572 pupils, which is almost 10% of the total population, this not including the young people who have finished their schooling.


History

According to legend, the name Lopare derives from the ancient word "lopar", an agricultural implement similar to a shovel and used for placing bread dough in a bread-oven, which used to be made here by a legendary Majevica wood-worker.


The legend also says that its name derives from people who once lived here and were inclined to brawling, which is called "lopali" in slang. No one is realy sure how Lopare got its name.


The antiquity of Lopare is also uncertain with the earliest records of the place dating from the second half the 18 century; when inns were located at the crossroads and served traders and travellers. Lopare begun to develop around the river Glljice, since the bottomland was conducive to the founding of a settlement.


According to remains of the past, Lopare was inhabited even in ancient times, since in some villages we find 'stecci' - medieval stone sarcophagi. They are mostly found between Tobut, Labucka and Vukosavci - some 30 of them. Archaeological evidence indicates there was once an Illyrian settlement here, about 2,600 years ago; in the Middle Iron-Age.


Municipal infrastructure began to be built in the Austro-Hungarian period (1878-1918) when the present City Hall was built. The road connecting Lopare to the neighbouring municipalities was built in the same period. Lopare was for a long time a roadside community, with a long main street and small streets -often dead-end -branching off from the main street. In later times, better streets with shops were built. This longest street in Lopare measures about 1,600 m, running the whole length of the town.


Lopare also gained commercial buildings, these also gravitating towards the main street, which gives Lopare a special charm and attraction. We find there a brick-works, a chair factory, a refrigeration plant, the Dita plant, the Termal facilities, and other commercial enterprises, including also schools, the Orthodox Church, a hotel, the administrative centre, a department store, apartment buildings, and so on.


Judging by what can be seen in Lopare and the rest of the Municipality today, the population of this part of RS are willing to create a modern home for themselves, according to their taste and measure - sufficient for people of good will, firm as the mountain looming above them. One can now reach every Lopare village by car, at all times of the year, while phones and modem appliances are common-place. The youth are also promising -none are foregoing their education.


And what is most important, there are less and less of those who want to leave their towns and villages. They want to remain on their land and there create a contemporary life.


Lopare is gaining the aspect of a modem town, developing from a roadside community into an attractive town, where, in addition to commerce, tourism is developing as well as village tourism, and so on - while fruit production remains the pride of the region. This will play an important part in development because of the unspoiled countryside and the increasing health awareness among people.


External links

  • Lopare Online

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LOPARS (113 words)
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