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Encyclopedia > Lonja de la Seda
La Lonja de la Seda. Consulate of the Sea and Tower
La Lonja de la Seda. Consulate of the Sea and Tower
The Hall of Columns.
The Hall of Columns.

The Lonja de la Seda (English: Silk Exchange; Valencian: Llotja de la Seda) in Valencia is a late Gothic style civil building, built between 1482 and 1548, and one of the principal tourist attractions in the city. The UNESCO considered it as a World Heritage Site in 1996 since "the site is of outstanding universal value as it is a wholly exceptional example of a secular building in late Gothic style, which dramatically illustrates the power and wealth of one of the great Mediterranean mercantile cities." [1]. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 788 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vista de la Lonja de Valencia dese el Mercado Central. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 788 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Vista de la Lonja de Valencia dese el Mercado Central. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1486x2228, 1321 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Valencia (city) Lonja de la Seda ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1486x2228, 1321 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Valencia (city) Lonja de la Seda ... Valencian (valencià) is the historical, traditional, and official name used in the Valencian Community (Spain) to refer to the language spoken therein, also known as Catalan (català) in the Spanish Autonomous Communities of Catalonia, Aragon and the Balearic Islands; in the country of Andorra; in the southern French region of... Look up Valencia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Behind the current building, there was an earlier one from the Fourteenth Century, which was called the Oil Exchange (Llotja de l’Oli, in Valencian, or Lonja del Aceite, in Spanish). It was used not only for trading with oil, but for all kind of business.


The commercial prosperity that Valencia reached during the Fifteenth Century led to the construction of a new building.


The design of the new Lonja of Valencia was derived from a similar structure in the Lonja of Palma de Majorca, built by the architect Guillem Sagrera in 1448. The architect in charge of the new Lonja was Pere Compte (1447-1506), who built the the main body of the building -the Trading Hall or Sala de Contractació (in Valencian)- in only fifteen years (1483-1498). So is written in a blue band that runs along all four walls of the Trading Hall, also called Hall of Columns. It proclaims in golden letters the following inscription: Palma (old Spanish name Palma de Mallorca) is the major city and port in the island of Majorca (in Catalan: Mallorca) and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. ...


Inclita domus sum annis aedificata quindecim. Gustate et videte concives quoniam bona est negotiatio, quae non agit dolum in lingua, quae jurat proximo et non deficit, quae pecuniam non dedit ad usuram eius. Mercator sic agens divitiis redundabit, et tandem vita fructur aeterna.


It is to say:


I am an illustrious house built in fifteen years. Try and See, fellow-citizens, how negotiation is such a good thing when there is no lie in the speech, when it swears to the neighbour and does not deceive him, when it does not lend money with an interest charge for its use. The merchant who acts this way will prosper galore and at the end he will enjoy the eternal life.


According to the local Valencian scholar Joan Francesc Mira, this inscription showed that it was not a necessary to be a puritan, a protestant or a Germanic to establish the basis of a good trade; it also showed the union of ethics and economy.


Other construction and decoration works lumbered on until 1548, such as the Consolat del Mar (Consulate of the Sea), a Renaissance buiding adjoined to La Lonja.


During subsequent centuries, La Lonja functioned as a silk exchange. The honesty of its traders is honored by the inscription that runs around the main contract hall.




External Links

  • Tourist Fact-sheet and photos of La Lonja

Online references

  • Materials from the World Heritage website

Coordinates: 39°28′28″N, 0°22′42″W Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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