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Encyclopedia > Longview, Washington
City of Longview
Downtown Longview
Location of Longview, Washington
Coordinates: 46°8′34″N 122°57′20″W / 46.14278, -122.95556
Country United States
State Washington
County Cowlitz
Settled 1850s
Incorporated February 14, 1924
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City Manager Bob Gregory
 - Mayor Dennis Weber
Area
 - City 14.1 sq mi (36.5 km²)
 - Land 13.7 sq mi (35.5 km²)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km²)
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 35,570
 - Density 2,530.0/sq mi (976.8/km²)
 - Metro 97,325
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98632
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-40245GR2
GNIS feature ID 1506304GR3
Website: ci.longview.wa.us

Longview is a city in Cowlitz County, Washington, United States. It is the principal city of the 'Longview, Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Cowlitz County. The population was 34,660 at the 2000 census, with an estimated population of 35,570 as of April 1, 2006. Longview is located in southwestern Washington, at the junction of the Cowlitz and Columbia rivers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 2323 KB) Photo of downtown Longview WA, on the corner of Commerce Avenue and Hudson Street. ... Image File history File links Cowlitz_County_Washington_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Longview_Highlighted. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Washington counties This is a list of counties in Washington. ... Cowlitz County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 360 is the area code for western Washington outside the greater Seattle metropolitan area. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Cowlitz County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... The Cowlitz River is a river in the state of Washington in the United States, a tributary of the Columbia River. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ...

Contents

History

Located at the confluence of the Cowlitz and Columbia Rivers, the area known as Longview was first settled in the early 1850s. The area remained sparsely populated for nearly 60 years, consisting mostly of farmland and wilderness. In 1918, Missouri timber baron Robert A. Long decided to move his operation out to the west coast, owing to the Long-Bell lumber company's dwindling supplies in the south. By 1921, the decision had been made by Wesley Vandercook to build a mill near the small town of Kelso, Washington. It soon became apparent that Kelso, with a population of barely 2,000 would not be able to support the approximately 14,000 men that would be required to run the mill. The Cowlitz River is a river in the state of Washington in the United States, a tributary of the Columbia River. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Robert Alexander Long (1851–1934) was a Missouri lumber baron, millionaire, and philanthropist. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Kelso is a city in Cowlitz County, Washington, United States. ...


The Long-Bell company contracted with George Kessler, a city planner based in St. Louis, to build the city that would support the two mills that were now planned. Longview was officially incorporated on February 14, 1924. At the time of its conception, Longview was the only planned city of its magnitude to have ever been conceived of and built entirely with private funds. A number of prominent buildings in Longview were purchased with R. A. Long's personal funds, including R. A. Long High School, the Longview Public Library, the YMCA building and the Monticello Hotel . George Kessler After his career in various mercenary troops like South Africa mercenaries and French Foreign Legion, in the Zanzibar Independence War, (commonly referred to as War of the Mercenaries) he was severely wounded in his right thigh, and his professional military career was over. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Not to be confused with YWCA. This article is about the association. ... The Monticello Hotel is a hotel and apartment building in Longview, Washington. ...


Lack of Education

Longview is served by eight public elementary schools (Columbia Heights, Columbia Valley Gardens, Kessler, Mint Valley, Northlake, Olympic, Robert Gray, and Saint Helens), three public middle schools (Cascade, Monticello, and Mount Solo), and two public high schools (Robert Alexander Long aka R. A. Long and Mark Morris).


Longview is also served by two religious based schools. The Saint Rose Catholic school serves kindergarten through eighth grade. Three Rivers Christian School currently operates under two campuses. The Longview Christian campus, serving preschool through sixth grade, and Cornerstone campus (located in neighboring Kelso, WA) which serves seventh through twelfth grades. Kelso is a city located in Cowlitz County, Washington. ...


An intense rivalry exists not only between R. A. Long High School and crosstown Mark Morris High School[citation needed], but also between Kelso High across the Cowlitz River in Kelso. The R. A. Long/Mark Morris rivalry culminates every year in so-called "Civil War" basketball games, the first held at R. A. Long's gymnasium (known locally as the "Lumberdome"), and the second on Mark Morris' Ted M. Natt court. R. A. Long High School is the oldest high school servicing the city of Longview, WA. It was erected in 1927, three years after the city of Longview was incorporated. ... Mark Morris High School is a public high school in Cowlitz County in Longview, Washington for grades nine through twelve. ... The Cowlitz River is a river in the state of Washington in the United States, a tributary of the Columbia River. ...


Lower Columbia College (LCC), based in Longview, is Washington state's oldest junior college. Lower Columbia College is a community college located in Longview, WA. Established in 1934, it serves the area around Cowlitz County. ...


Economy

Manufacturing

With access to the Columbia River, Interstate 5 and the west coast railways, Longview supports a large and rapidly diversifying manufacturing base. The abundance of timber around Longview provides the city's two largest employers, Weyerhaeuser and Longview Fibre with logs. Other major manufacturers in Longview include NORPAC (newsprint), Pacific Lamination (liquid packaging), Solvay Chemicals (Peroxide), EquaChlor (Chlorine, Caustic Soda). Smaller operations include Epson Toyocom, Northwest Hardwoods, Caffall Brothers, Peterson Manufacturing, JM Huber, Specialty Minerals and the soon to be in operation Simpson Timber Company. The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Weyerhaeuser is one of the largest pulp and paper companies in the world; the worlds largest private owner of softwood timberland; and the second largest owner in the United States, behind International Paper. ...


Marine Transportation

The Port of Longview, established in 1921, has eight marine terminals handling a wide range of cargo from windmills, pencil pitch, calcined coke, pulp bales, lumber, logs and steel. The Port is 66 miles from the Pacific Ocean. Port of Longview logo The Port of Longview is a deep-water port authority located in Longview, on the Columbia River in southwest Washington, United States. ...


Geography

Longview is located at 46°8′34″N, 122°57′20″W (46.142733, -122.955636)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.5 km² (14.1 mi²). 35.5 km² (13.7 mi²) of it is land and 1.0 km² (0.4 mi²) of it (2.84%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The Lewis and Clark Bridge spans the Columbia River, linking Longview to Rainier, Oregon. It is the only bridge spanning the river between Portland and Astoria, Oregon. The Lewis and Clark Bridge is a tall cantilever bridge that spans the Columbia River between Longview, Washington and Rainier, Oregon. ... Rainier is a city in Columbia County, Oregon, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... The Astoria Column Suomi Hall, the meeting hall of Finnish and Scandinavian immigrants, under the Astoria-Megler Bridge Woman walking her dog along the Columbia River in Astoria The city of Astoria is the county seat of Clatsop County, Oregon, United States. ...


Climate

Being situated in something of a mini-gorge, Longview's climate varies from its close neighbor, Portland. Summers are warm, averaging about 76 °F with little or no rain. Located about 80 miles inland across a stretch of relatively flat ground, the Longview skies can be overcast due to moisture from the Pacific Coast marine layer. Due to the gorge-like effect, marine pushes on summer evenings can frequently reach gusts up to 30-40 mph. Fall is usually cooler but foggy; on some days the fog never clears. By the early-to-mid November, rainfall begins in typical Northwest fashion. Winter tends to be chilly and rainy, with occasional violent windstorms or spates of unusually-warm (65-70 degree) temperatures. This is due to extremely warm air coming from the Pineapple Express which can drop 3-6 inches of rain in a matter of days. One or two snowfalls (typically less than six inches—but up to a meter in the surrounding foothills) happen each year. Spring is warmer, but still a little wet; this is the most common time for the occasional thunderstorms. Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... A marine layer is a cool, moist, foggy layer of air that can be several hundred feet to as much as two thousand feet thick associated with offshore weather patterns. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... This article is about the tropical jet stream. ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 34,660 people, 14,066 households, and 8,931 families residing in the city. The population density was 976.8/km² (2,530.0/mi²). There were 15,225 housing units at an average density of 429.1/km² (1,111.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.35% White, 0.72% African American, 1.76% Native American, 2.17% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 2.96% from other races, and 2.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.82% of the population. 17.3% were of German, 11.2% English, 10.3% United States or American, 8.5% Irish and 7.3% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


There were 14,066 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,171, and the median income for a family was $43,869. Males had a median income of $38,972 versus $26,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,559. About 12.3% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Longview in Popular Culture

The title of the song "Longview" by the rock band Green Day was inspired by the city. The pop-punk trio had several friends in the area due to frequent performances in Portland, Oregon. Often they would meet other punk acts from Longview who would open their shows for them. According to one concert's press agent, Jim Baltutis, Green Day played a show at a Longview club, the Cafè Forum, in the summer of 1992, which later inspired the title of the song. However, several misconceptions circulate about the title, one being that the members of the band attended Longview's R.A. Long High school, and at one of their shows they decided to name it after their "Home-Town" - Green Day is actually from Berkeley, California. Longview is the first major-label single released by pop-punk band Green Day, from their hit 1994 album, Dookie. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ...


Films shot in Longview include God's Country and the Woman (1937)[1], Men of Honor (2000)[2], and Into the Wild (2007)[3] Men of Honor is a 2000 drama film, directed by George Tillman, Jr. ...


Interesting facts

Longview and its neighbor city Kelso, Washington are two of the few American cities with 18-and-over casinos.


Longview is the only town in the United States to have a bridge dedicated to squirrels, the "Nutty Narrows Bridge." [4] The bridge surface is constructed from a retired fire hose, and the suspension cables are made from wire. Categories: Stub | Firefighting ...


Presto logs were first created in Longview.[citation needed]


Notable Residents

James Phillip Fleming (born March 12, 1943) was a United States Air Force pilot in the Vietnam War. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Moulton B. Molt Taylor 1921-November 16, 1995 was an aeronautical engineer famed for his work on developing a practical flying car. ... The Aero Car, model N102D Aerocar Internationals Aerocar (often called the Taylor Aerocar) was an American roadable aircraft, designed and built by Moulton Taylor in 1949. ... Jack Kevorkian, M.D. (IPA pronunciation: [1]) (born May 20, some sources say May 26[2], 1928) is a controversial American pathologist. ... Jason David Schmidt (born January 29, 1973 in Lewiston, Idaho) is a Major League Baseball pitcher who currently plays for the San Francisco Giants. ...

Media

Media outlets based in Longview include 3 AM radio stations licensed in the city, and 4 FM stations. KLTV, the local cable access channel, has their headquarters in downtown Longview, at the corner of 12th Avenue and Washington Way. Longview's primary newspaper is The Daily News, which won a 1981 Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the Mount St. Helens eruption. The Columbia River Reader newspaper celebrates the community, its entertainment, arts and travel opportunities of the Lower Columbia River region through stories and photos by local writers and photographers including Robert Benchley Society Award for Humor winning author Horace J. Digby, Emmy Award winning photographer Dale Dimmick, and others. The Daily News is the primary newspaper of Longview, Washington, Kelso, Washington, and much of Cowlitz County, Washington. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The 1980 eruption of Mount St. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... Horace J. Digby (Born 1950 in Longview, Washington) is a wannabee American humorist living in the Pacific Northwest. ... An Emmy Award. ...


Sister City

In 1999, the City of Longview forged a Sister City relationship with Wako, Japan. As a part of that relationship, a delegation of students visits Longview in the summer, and a group of adults visits in October.


Gallery

Sources

External links

Coordinates: 46.142733° N 122.955636° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Longview, Washington - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (707 words)
Longview is located in southwestern Washington, at the junction of the Cowlitz and Columbia rivers.
Longview was officially incorporated on February 14, 1924.
Longview's primary newspaper is The Daily News, which won a 1981 Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of the Mount St. Helens eruption.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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