FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Longview, Texas

Longview is a city in Texas, United States, located between Dallas, TX and Shreveport, LA. The population was 73,345 at the 2000 census, but a 2005 estimate placed the city's population at 75,609. It is the county seat of Gregg County, with a small portion extending east into neighboring Harrison County. It is situated in East Texas, on the grid of Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259. Longview is located on the Sabine River. Longview, Tx is home to LeTourneau university. Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Dallas redirects here. ... Shreveport, Louisiana is the third largest metropolitan city in the state of Louisiana, USA. It is located in Caddo Parish, and as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 200,145. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Gregg County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Harrison County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Red counties show the core of East Texas; pink and red counties may or may not be included in East Texas, and thus their inclusion varies from source to source. ... “I-20” redirects here. ... Current U.S. Highway shield Current U.S. Highway shield in California The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... US 80 is an east-west United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 259 is a spur of U.S. Highway 59. ... The Sabine River is shown highlighted, along with the Neches River The Sabine River is a river, 555 miles (893 km) long, in the U.S. states of Texas and Louisiana. ...


Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger MSA made up of Gregg County, Upshur County and Rusk County. [1] Map of Texas highlighting the Longview metropolitan area. ...

Contents

History

The Early Years of Longview


1870-1871: The initial site of Longview was laid out on the western outskirts of Earpville, an early community in what was then Upshur County along the old Marshall-Tyler Road (today known as U.S. 80). Earpville (sounds like "Arpville") was founded around 1850 by James Earp. It consisted of a few farmhouses, a post office, a stagecoach stop and had one blacksmith shop. There was also a church and one or two stores. After the Civil War, the Southern Pacific railroad began to expand toward California from its terminus at Marshall. The Southern Pacific bought a 100-acre tract in April 1870 from farmer 0. H. Methvin, for one gold dollar promising to lay out a town site on the land in advance of track construction. The name "Longview," is said to be suggested by a railroad surveyor who was inspired by the scenic view from the porch Methvin's home atop Rock Hill. The name Longview was also intended to imply farsighted plans.


1872-1874: The Southern Pacific bought another 50 acres from 0. H. Methvin for a reported $500 to extend its town site further west. The Longview Post Office was established Jan. 27, 1871. On Feb. 22 that year, commercial train service began at Longview with great celebration. The track ended at a locomotive turntable between Center and High streets. In May 5, 1871, the one-square-mile town of Longview was incorporated.


1872-1874: Longview received nationwide recognition during the time it was the head of the nation's Southern rail line. Because Longview was the colses rail access to much of the region, business, population, and construction grew and expanded fuled by wagon traffic coming to Longview from a wide area. The International Railroad Co. was attracted to Longview and established a new track which crossed the Southern Pacific track about 600 feet east of the city limits. Now the "Downtown Station" had a companion "Junction Station." The Texas & Pacific - which had acquired the Southern Pacific by federal edict - began laying track westward toward Dallas. With the Texas & Pacific joined by what would become the International & Great Northern railroads made Longview the commercial center for northeast Texas. Copyright (c) 2007 Longview Convention and Visitors Bureau. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".


Race riot

As the second of 25 racial conflicts that occurred across the United States during the summer of 1919, an ugly race riot took place in Longview in 1919. [2] A race riot or racial riot is an outbreak of violent civil unrest in which race is a key factor. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Geography

Location of Longview, Texas

Longview is located at 32°30′33″N, 94°45′14″W (32.509147, -94.753909)GR1. Longview is surrounded by many smaller cities and towns including: Kilgore, Gladewater, Gilmer, Hallsville, Harlton, Diana, White Oak, and Lakeport. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias TX county maps by Seth Ilys. ...


Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Greggton, Pine Tree, Judson and Longview Heights.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 141.8 km² (54.8 mi²). 141.6 km² (54.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.18%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 73,344 people, 28,363 households, and 19,116 families residing in the city. The population density was 518.1/km² (1,341.8/mi²). There were 30,727 housing units at an average density of 217.0/km² (562.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.31% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 28,363 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $33,858, and the median income for a family was $42,378. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $21,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $156,768. About 13.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Climate

Winter: Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2”. There are usually one or two ice storms or a light dusting of snow once a winter. Normal highs are from the 50s-60s. Lows range from 30-40s. Temperature rarely dips below 20 and occasionally can get as warm as 80 during the winter months.


Spring: The season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from 60s-80s for the high, and 40-60s for the low. The date of the last frost is April 4th. Tornadoes and severe thunderstorms are common during this season.


Summer: The summertime is hot and muggy. Temperatures slowly climb from the 90s to the 100s going into the [dog days] of summer. Dew points are high in this region, thus giving us a high humidity and very sticky feel. Lows are in the 70s. Most of the summer is dry and sunny, with afternoon “pop-corn” thunderstorms.


Fall: It’s marked by the first cold front that knocks the 100 degree temps down into the 90s. Fall starts in mid September and lasts until December. Foliage begins to change in November. Temps start cooling down and dew points begin to drop.


Transportation

Longview from above.
Longview from above.

East Texas Regional Airport (website) offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1025x508, 1127 KB)World Wind image of Longview, Texas. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1025x508, 1127 KB)World Wind image of Longview, Texas. ... East Texas Regional Airport (IATA: GGG, ICAO: KGGG) is a public airport located eight miles south of Longview, Texas. ... DFW redirects here. ... American Eagle Airlines is an airline based in Fort Worth, Texas. ...


The city's public transit system, called Longview Transit, (website) runs daily, excluding Sundays and holidays.


Amtrak rail service is available through a downtown terminal. Longview's Amtrak rail station is the second busiest in the state of Texas. It serves about 20-50 passengers per day. Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Other information Code LVW Traffic Passengers (2006) 24,449 3. ...


The Longview Economic Development Corporation website provides more details about the transportation infrastructure including air, rail, trucking, waterways, and highway information. Many maps are also available. [3] The Longview Economic Development Corporation is one of Texas’ major economic development groups and manages the economic development program for the city of Longview, Texas. ...


Education

Higher Education

The city of Longview is home to four institutions of higher learning and one trade (cosmetology) school:

LeTourneau University is a private, nondenominational Christian university located in Longview, Texas with flagship programs in engineering, aeronautical science, business and education. ... Kilgore College is a state-supported junior college in Kilgore, Texas. ... The University of Texas at Tyler, also referred to as UT Tyler, is a public university located in Tyler, Texas, USA. It has a student body of over 5,900, a 17:1 student to faculty ratio, and a sprawling, park-like campus. ...

Schools

Longview is served by four different Independent School Districts in two counties. The largest district is the Longview Independent School District - Home of the Lobos. Much of western Longview is served by the Pine Tree Independent School District - Home of the Pirates. The smallest school district in Longview is the Spring Hill Independent School District - Home of the Panthers. A portion of eastern Longview in Harrison County is served by the Hallsville Independent School District- home of the bobcats. Hallsville, Texas is just east of Longview on U.S. Hwy 80. Longview Independent School District is a public school district based in Longview, Texas. ... Pine Tree Independent School District is a public school district based in Longview, Texas. ... Spring Hill Independent School District is a public school district based in Longview, Texas. ... Hallsville Independent School District is a school district in Texas. ...


Notable natives, citizens, and associated people

I LIKE PENIS________> Rodney Carrington. ... Melvin Nolan Freeman Gabler (January 5, 1915 - December 19, 2004) and his wife, Norma Elizabeth Rhodes Gabler (June 16, 1923 - July 22, 2007) were campaigners against public school textbooks which they regarded as anti-family or anti-Christian. The couple began their work at their kitchen table in Hawkins, Texas... Educational Research Analysts is an organization based in Longview, Texas, founded by the late Mel and Norma Gabler to monitor public school textbooks. ... Matthew Baron McConaughey (born November 4, 1969) is an American actor. ... Neal McCoy is an American country singer of mixed White and Filipino descent. ... James Street was a quarterback at the University of Texas from 1966-69. ... eVonne Hsu (許慧欣, pinyin: XÇ” HùixÄ«n b. ... Forest Steven Whitaker (born July 15, 1961) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... Samuel Filmore (Sam) West (b. ... Leondaus Lee Lacy (born April 10, 1948 in Longview, Texas), is a former professional baseball player who played in the Major Leagues primarily as a utility man from 1972-1987. ... Dan Wright (born December 14, 1977 in Longview, Texas, USA) is a pitcher for the Seattle Mariners AAA farm team, the Tacoma Rainiers. ... Bobby Taylor (born December 28, 1973) is an American football player; in 2004 he was with the Seattle Seahawks team of the National Football League. ... David Barakau Wesley (born November 14, 1970, in San Antonio, Texas) is an American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association. ... Craig Anthony Washington (October 12, 1941-), an African-American congressman in the United States House of Representatives from Texas; born in Longview, Gregg County, Texas on October 12, 1941. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... Joshua Taylor Scobee (born June 23, 1982 in Longview, Texas) is an American football kicker for the Jacksonville Jaguars . ... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... Gloria R. Jones (born 19 October 1937) is an American singer and songwriter. ... Little Texas is an American country music band which achieved fame in the 1990s with several hit singles to their credit. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Longview, Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (570 words)
Longview is a city in Texas, United States, located between Dallas, TX and Shreveport, LA.
It is situated in East Texas, on the grid of Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259.
The City of Longview was officially incorporated on May 17, 1871, but its boom came after the 1930 discovery of East Texas oil fields.
Longview Partnership - Community Information Handbook - Longview, Texas (2167 words)
Longview University Center is a component of The University of Texas at Tyler.
Longview serves as the hub for visitors to the East Texas area, and is the site of AlleyFest, an annual three day festival on the streets Downtown Longview the first weekend in June, and The Great Texas Balloon Race an annual event held in mid July.
Longview's rodeo arena is the stage for a variety of exciting rodeo action including the Longview Rodeo in the springtime, the Juneteenth Rodeo, and the PBR Barrels and Bulls each August.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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