Longquan celadon (龙泉青瓷) is a variety of celadonpottery produced in Longquan city, Zhejiang province, China. The first making of Celadon in Longquan begins in the Jin Dynasty (265-376 B.C.). The Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127 B.C), the most important dynasty in Chinese porcelain history, also brought prosperity in celadon production and appreciation. By the Southern Song and Yuan Dynasty (1127-1368 B.C), Longquan Celadon entered a most prosperous period during which the skill of making celadon had reached a new height and gradually formed a comprehensive celadon kiln system centering on Longquan town.
Longquan Celadon has two types, say, Ge Kiln and Di Kiln (Ge means elder brother and Di means younger brother in Chinese). The former together with Ru Kiln, Jun Kiln, Guan Kiln and Ding Kiln are recited as Five Famous Kilns in Song Dynasty. Famous worldwide, Longquan celadon was not only used for every dynasty's royal courts in ancient China, but exported to many other countries and regions of Asia, Africa and Europe early since the Song Dynasty.
Especially in the middle of the Ming Dynasty Longquan Celadon was introduced into Europe while its price was worth gold. Modern Longquan celadon inherits the products feature of traditional Longquan kiln and has been innovating and developing. Recently, many celadon products made by local masters and craftsmen have won the honors and prizes in various pottery-making competitions. A few of those have built up reputations of the Treasures of the Nation and have been collected in many museums.
Celadon is a type of pottery having a pale green glaze, originally produced in Longquan city, Zhejiang province, China during the Song Dynasty.
Colors of the celadon glaze range from blue, blue-green through many shades of green, and finally to a dark grey, depending on the thickness of the applied glaze, and the type of clay to which it is applied.
The term celadon for the pottery's pale jade-green glaze was first applied by European connoisseurs to the wares when Longquanceladon appeared in France in the 17th century.
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