FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Long jump
Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005.
Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005.

The long jump is an athletics (track and field) event in which athletes combine speed, strength, and agility in an attempt to land as far from the take-off point as possible. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1546 KB) Kuvan otti Lumijaguaari Helsingissä 25. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1546 KB) Kuvan otti Lumijaguaari Helsingissä 25. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ...


Competitors sprint down a runway (usually coated with the same rubberized surface as running tracks, crumb rubber or vulcanized rubber) and jump as far as they can off of a wooden board into a pit filled with finely ground gravel or sand. The distance traveled by a jumper is often referred to as the “mark,” because it is the distance to which the first mark is made in the sand. More specifically, a mark is the minimum distance from the edge of the takeoff board, nearest the landing pit, to the first indentation made by the competitor. If the competitor starts the leap with any part of the foot in front of the board, the jump is declared illegal and no distance is recorded. At the elite level, a layer of plasticine is placed immediately after the board to detect this occurrence. Otherwise, an official (similar to a referee) will observe the jump and make the determination. The competitor can initiate the jump from any point behind the foul line; however, the distance measured will always be from the foul line. Therefore, it is in the best interest of the competitor to get as close to the foul line as possible. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Vulcanization is the process of cross-linking elastomer molecules to make the bulk material harder, less soluble and more durable. ... Not to be confused with the Pleistocene epoch which is part of the geologic timescale. ... A referee is a person who has authority to make decisions about play in many sports. ...


The exact format of the competition varies, but generally each competitor will get a set number of attempts to make his or her longest jump, and only the longest legal jump counts towards the results. Generally, competitors will be given three trial jumps with which to make their best effort. Higher level competitions are split into two rounds: trials and finals. In competitions containing a final round, only a select number of competitors are invited to return for further competition. The number of competitors chosen to return to the final round is determined prior to the start of the meet by a committee composed generally of coaches and officials. It is standard practice to allow one more competitor than the number of scoring positions to return to the final round. For example, if a given meet allows the top eight competitors to score points, then the top nine competitors will be selected to compete in the final round. Taking an extra competitor to the final round helps to allow that athlete to move into a scoring position if the competitor can improve on his or her best mark of the competition. Final rounds are viewed as an additional three jumps, as they do not have any priority to those scored in the trial round. The competitor with the longest legal jump (from either the trial or final rounds) at the end of competition is declared the winner. (For specific rules and regulations in U.S. Track & Field see Rule 185[1]). For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


There are four main components of the long jump: the approach run, the last two strides, takeoff, and action in the air and landing. Speed in the run-up, or approach, and a high leap off the board are the fundamentals of success. Because speed is such an important factor of the approach, it is not surprising that many sprinters, notably including Carl Lewis, also compete successfully in the long jump. Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of...


The long jump is also notable for two of the longest-standing world records in any track and field event. In 1935, Jesse Owens set a long jump world record that was not broken until 1960 by Ralph Boston. Later, Bob Beamon jumped 8.90 meters (29 feet, 2-1/2 inches) at the 1968 Summer Olympics, a jump not exceeded until 1991. On August 30 of that year, Mike Powell of the USA leapt 8.95 meters at the World Championships in Tokyo. Some jumps over 8.95 meters have been officially recorded (8.99 meters by Mike Powell himself, 8.96 meters by Ivan Pedroso), but were not validated since there was either no reliable wind speed measurement available, or because wind speed exceeded 2.0 m/s. The current world record for women is held by Galina Chistyakova of the former Soviet Union who leapt 7.52 meters in Leningrad in 1988. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... James Cleveland Jesse Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an African American track and field athlete. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Robert (Bob) Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is a former American track and field athlete, best known for his long-standing world record in the long jump. ... The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were held in Mexico City in 1968. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Michael Anthony Mike Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete. ... The 3rd World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan between August 23 and September 1. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...

Contents

History

The long jump was one of the events of the original Olympics in Ancient Greece. The athletes carried a weight in each hand, which were called halteres. These weights would be swung forward as the athlete jumped, in order to increase momentum. It is commonly believed that the jumper would throw the weights behind him in mid-air to increase his forward momentum, however, halteres were held throughout the duration of the jump. Swinging them down and back at the end of the jump would change the athlete's center of gravity and allow the athlete to stretch his legs outward, increasing his distance. Most notable in the ancient sport was a man called Chionis, who in the 656BC Olympics staged a jump which was equal to 7 meters and 5 centimeters (23 feet and 1.5 inches).[2] This article concerns an ancient sports object. ... Chionis of Sparta was an athlete of ancient Greece who was most notable for his jumping records in the ancient Olympics. ...


The long jump has been part of modern Olympic competition since the inception of the Games in 1896. In 1914, Dr. Harry Eaton Stewart recommended the “running broad jump” as a standardized track and field event for women.[3] However, it was not until 1928 that women were allowed to compete in the event at the Olympic level (See Athletics - track and field). The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ...


The approach

The objective of the approach is to gradually accelerate to a maximum controlled speed at takeoff. Observing the laws of physics, the most important factor for the distance traveled by an object is its velocity at takeoff - both the speed and angle. Elite jumpers usually leave the ground at an angle of twenty degrees or less; therefore, it is more beneficial for a jumper to focus on the speed component of the jump. The greater the speed at takeoff, the longer the trajectory of the center of mass will be. The importance of a greater speed at takeoff is a major factor in the success rate for many sprinters in this event. A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article is about velocity in physics. ... In physics, the center of mass of a system of particles is a specific point at which, for many purposes, the systems mass behaves as if it were concentrated. ...


The length of the approach is generally a precise distance for each athlete. Approaches can vary between 12 and 19 strides on the novice and intermediate levels, while at the elite level they are closer to between 20 and 22 strides. The exact distance and number of strides in an approach will depend on the individual jumper’s experience, sprinting technique, and conditioning level. Consistency in the approach is important as it is the competitor’s objective to get as close to the front of the takeoff board as possible without crossing the line with any part of the foot.


Inconsistent approaches are a common problem in the event. As a result they are generally practiced often by athletes, approximately 6-8 times per jumping session (see Training below). Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ...


The last two strides

The objective of the last two strides is to effectively prepare the body for takeoff while conserving as much speed as possible.


In this phase, the next to last stride from takeoff is known as the penultimate stride. This is the longer of the last two strides, where the competitor begins to lower his or her center of gravity to prepare the body for the vertical impulse. Directly following the penultimate stride is the final stride, which is markedly shorter because the body is beginning to raise the center of gravity in preparation for takeoff.


The last two strides are an extremely important phase of the jump, as they ultimately determine the velocity with which the competitor will be entering into the jump.


Takeoff

The objective of the takeoff is to create a vertical impulse through the athlete’s center of gravity while maintaining balance and control.


This phase is one of the most technical parts of the long jump. Jumpers must be conscious to place the foot flat on the ground, because jumping off either the heels or the toes will have negative effects on the jump. Taking off from the board heel-first will cause a braking effect, which will decrease velocity and put strain on the joints. Jumping off the toes will decrease stabilization, putting the leg at risk of buckling or collapsing from underneath the jumper. While concentrating on foot placement, the athlete must also work to maintain proper body position, keeping the torso upright and moving the hips forward and up to achieve the maximum distance from board contact to foot release.


There are four main styles of takeoff: the kick style, double-arm style, sprint takeoff, and the power sprint or bounding takeoff.


Kick

The kick style takeoff is a style of takeoff where the athlete actively cycles the leg before a full impulse has been directed into the board then landing into the pit


Double-arm

The double-arm style of takeoff works by moving both arms in a vertical direction as the competitor takes off. This produces a high hip height and a large vertical impulse.


Sprint

The sprint takeoff is the style most widely instructed by coaching staff. This is a classic single-arm action that resembles a jumper in full stride. It is an efficient takeoff style for maintaining velocity through takeoff.


Power sprint or bounding

The power sprint takeoff, or bounding takeoff, is arguably one of the most effective styles. Very similar to the sprint style, the body resembles a sprinter in full stride. However, there is one major difference. The arm that pushes back on takeoff (the arm on the side of the takeoff leg) fully extends backward, rather than remaining at a bent position. This additional extension increases the impulse at takeoff.


The “correct” style of takeoff will vary from athlete to athlete.


Action in the air and landing

The objective of this phase is to counteract the natural forward rotation of the body from takeoff while maintaining an effective landing position.


Once a competitor leaves contact with the ground there is nothing that can be done to alter the flight path of his or her center of gravity. What will affect the distance of the jump is the body position at landing. There is also nothing that can be done to change the rotation of the body. All of the in-the-air techniques like the sail, hang, and hitch-kick, are actually useless, which is often a misunderstood point. It's a mechanical fact that the rotation of the body cannot be changed in the air, and the use of these techniques relies more on psychological reason than rational ones.


Sail

The sail technique is one of the most basic long jump techniques practiced by competitors. After the takeoff phase is complete, the jumper immediately lifts the legs into a toe-touching position. This is useful, as it allows the competitor to move into the landing position early.


Hang

The hang technique works by lengthening the body to make it as efficiently long as possible. Here both the arms and legs are extended to reach a maximum distance from the hips to increase distance. This position is held until after the jumper reaches the apex of the jump, at which point the athlete will snap the legs forward into a landing position.


Hitch-kick

The hitch-kick is also known as “cycling” or “running in the air”. It is not well known why some competitors use this technique, which is especially popular among afro-american athletes.


In-the-air techniques are generally selected by the athlete and coach during training based on an individual athlete’s skills and experience.


When landing, it is the primary objective of the competitor not to fall back in the landing pit. The jump is measured from the location in which the body contacts the sand closest to the takeoff point. For this reason many jumpers will work on keeping their feet in front of the body at a maximum distance from the hips. Upon landing, competitors will often use their arms in a sweeping motion to help keep the legs up and the body forward. Generally a jumper will bend the knees upon contacting the ground to cushion the impact on the body.


Training

The long jump generally requires training in a variety of areas. These areas include, but are not limited to, those listed below.


Jumping

Long Jumpers tend to practice jumping 2-3 times a week. Approaches, or run-throughs, are repeated sometimes up to 6-8 times per session.


Over-distance running

Over-distance running workouts allow an athlete to work at distances greater than those at which he or she must compete. For example, having a 100m runner practice by running 200m repeats on a track. This is especially concentrated on early in the season when athletes are working on building endurance. Typically over-distance running workouts are performed 1-2 times a week. This is beneficial for building sprint endurance, which is needed in competitions where the athlete is sprinting down the runway 3-6 times. For other uses, see Running (disambiguation). ... Look up Endurance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Weight training

During pre-season training and early in the competition season weight training tends to play a major role. It is customary for a long jumper to weight train up to 4 times a week, focusing mainly on quick movements involving the legs and trunk. Some athletes perform olympic lifts in training. Athletes use low repetition and emphasize speed to maximize the strength increase while minimizing adding additional weight to their frame.


Plyometrics

Plyometrics, including running up and down stairs and hurdle bounding, can be incorporated into workouts, generally roughly twice a week. This allows an athlete to work on agility and explosiveness. Plyometrics is a type of exercise that utilizes a rapid eccentric movement, followed by a short amortization phase, and then followed by an explosive concentric movement, which enables the synergistic muscles to engage in the myotatic-stretch reflex during the stretch-shortening cycle. ...


Bounding

Bounding is any kind of continuous and repetitive jumping or leaping. Bounding drills usually entail single leg bounding, double-leg bounding, or some variation of the two. It may also include box drills or depth jumps. The focus of bounding drills is usually to spend as little time on the ground as possible; working on technical accuracy, fluidity, and jumping endurance and strength. Technically, bounding is part of plyometrics, as are form running exercises such as high knees and butt kicks.


Flexibility

Flexibility is an all-too-often forgotten tool for long jumpers. Effective flexibility works to prevent injury, which can be important for high impact events such as the long jump.Flexibilty also helps with speed down the runway. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


A common tool in many long jump workouts is the use of video taping. This allows the athlete to go back and review their own progress as well as enabling the athlete to compare their own footage to that of world-class athletes. A video tape recorder (VTR), is a tape recorder that can record video material. ...


Training style, duration, and intensity will vary immensely from athlete to athlete based on both the experience and strength of the athlete as well as on coaching style.


World Record Progression

Men

MARK ATHLETE VENUE DATE
7.61 Flag of Ireland Peter O'Connor (IRL) Dublin 1901-08-05
7.69  Edwin Gourdin (USA) Cambridge 1923-07-23
7.76  Robert LeGendre (USA) Paris 1924-07-07
7.89  William DeHart Hubbard (USA) Chicago 1925-06-13
7.90  Edward Hamm (USA) Cambridge 1928-07-07
7.93 Flag of Haiti Sylvio Cator (HAI) Paris 1928-09-09
7.98 Flag of Japan Chuhei Nambu (JPN) Tokyo 1931-10-27
8.13  Jesse Owens (USA) Ann Arbor 1935-05-25
8.21  Ralph Boston (USA) Walnut 1960-08-12
8.24  Ralph Boston (USA) Modesto 1961-05-27
8.28  Ralph Boston (USA) Moscow 1961-07-16
8.31  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Yerevan 1962-06-10
8.31  Ralph Boston (USA) Kingston 1964-08-15
8.34  Ralph Boston (USA) Los Angeles 1964-09-12
8.35  Ralph Boston (USA) Modesto 1965-05-29
8.35  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Mexico City 1967-10-19
8.90  Bob Beamon (USA) Mexico City 1968-10-18
8.95  Mike Powell (USA) Tokyo 1991-08-30

Source: [4] Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Peter OConnor was an Irish athlete who set a long-standing world record for the long jump and won two Olympic medals in the 1906 Games. ... Anthem The Soldiers Song Republic of Ireland() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Dublin Official languages Irish, English Demonym Irish Government Republic and Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Mary McAleese  -  Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, TD Independence from the United Kingdom   -  Declared 24 April 1916   -  Ratified 21... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Robert Lucien LeGendre (January 7, 1898 - January 21, 1931) is an American athlete who competed mainly in the Pentathlon. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... William DeHart Hubbard (born in Cincinnati, Ohio on November 25, 1903 - June 23, 1976) was a track and field athlete who was the first African American to win an Olympic gold medal in an individual event; the running long jump at the 1924 Paris Summer games. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ed Hamm (born 13 April 1906) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the long jump. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Motto: LUnion Fait La Force(French) Unity makes Strength Anthem: La Dessalinienne Capital (and largest city) Port-au-Prince Official languages French, Haitian Creole Demonym Haitian Government Presidential republic  -  President René Préval  -  Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis Formation  -  as Saint-Domingue 1697   -  Independence from France January 1, 1804... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Chuhei Nambu (May 27, 1904 - July 23, 1997) was a Japanese athlete. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... James Cleveland Jesse Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31, 1980) was an African American track and field athlete. ... Ann Arbor redirects here. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Street sign in Walnut Walnut is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Riverbank is a city located in Stanislaus County, California. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... // There are a large number of places named Kingston: Jamaica Kingston, Jamaica, the capital United Kingdom Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England Kingston upon Thames, Greater London, England Kingston, Cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire, England Kingston, Devon, Devon, England Kingston, Dorset, Dorset, England Kingston, East Lothian, East Lothian, Scotland Kingston, Hampshire... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Riverbank is a city located in Stanislaus County, California. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Robert (Bob) Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is a former American track and field athlete, best known for his long-standing world record in the long jump. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Michael (Mike) Anthony Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete, and the holder of the long jump world record. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Women

MARK ATHLETE VENUE DATE
5.98 Flag of Japan Kinue Hitomi (JPN) Osaka 1928-05-20
6.12 Flag of Germany Christel Schultz (Germany) Berlin 1939-07-30
6.25 Flag of the Netherlands Francina Blankers-Koen (NED) Leiden 1943-09-19
6.28 Flag of New Zealand Yvette Williams (NZL) Gisborne 1954-02-20
6.28  Galina Vinogradova (URS) Moscow 1955-09-11
6.31  Vinogradova (URS) Tbilisi 1955-11-18
6.35 Flag of Poland Elzbieta Krzesinska (POL) Budapest 1956-08-20
6.35 Flag of Poland Elzbieta Krzesinska (POL) Melbourne 1956-11-27
6.40  Hildrun Claus (GDR) Erfurt 1960-08-07
6.42  Hildrun Claus (GDR) Berlin 1961-06-23
6.48  Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Moscow 1961-07-16
6.53  Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Leipzig 1962-06-10
6.70  Tatjana Shtshelkanova (URS) Moscow 1964-07-04
6.76 Flag of the United Kingdom Mary Rand (GBR) Tokyo 1964-10-14
6.82  Viorica Viscopoleanu (ROU) Mexico City 1968-10-14
6.84  Heidi Rosendahl (DEU) Torino 1970-09-03
6.92  Angela Voigt (GDR) Dresden 1976-05-09
6.99  Siegrun Siegl (GDR) Dresden 1976-07-26
7.07  Vilma Bardauskiené (URS) Kishinyov 1978-08-18
7.09  Vilma Bardauskiené (URS) Prague 1978-08-29
7.20  Valy Ionescu (ROM) Bucharest 1982-08-01
7.21  Anişoara Cuşmir (ROM) Bucharest 1983-05-15
7.43  Anişoara Cuşmir (ROM) Bucharest 1983-06-04
7.44  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Berlin 1985-09-22
7.45  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Tallinn 1986-06-21
7.45  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Dresden 1986-07-03
7.45  Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Dresden 1987-08-13
7.52  Galina Chistyakova (URS) Leningrad 1988-06-11


Source: Source: [5] Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kinue Hitomi (Japanese: 人見絹枝; January 1, 1907 – August 2, 1931) was a Japanese athlete. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Fanny Blankers-Koen speeding towards the gold medal in the final of the 80 m hurdles event at the 1948 Summer Olympics. ... For other uses, see Netherlands (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 23. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Yvette (nee. ... For other uses, see New Zealand (disambiguation). ... Gisborne is the name of a unitary authority (in this case, a region and district) in New Zealand. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Hildrun Claus (born May 13, 1939 in Dresden) is a former East German athlete, who competed mainly in the Long Jump. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... The cathedral Mariendom at night. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Hildrun Claus (born May 13, 1939 in Dresden) is a former East German athlete, who competed mainly in the Long Jump. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Mary Rand (nee Bignal, born 14 February 1940) is a former British athlete. ... “UK” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Viorica Viscopoleanu is a Romanian athlete who competed mainly in the Long Jump. ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Torino or Turin is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Siegrun Siegl has won an Olympic gold in pentathlon. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... Vali Ionescu-Constantin (born August 31, 1960 in Turnu Magurele) is a retired long jumper from Romania. ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... AniÅŸoara CuÅŸmir-Stanciu (born June 28, 1962 in Brăila). ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... AniÅŸoara CuÅŸmir-Stanciu (born June 28, 1962 in Brăila). ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... County Area 159. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Jackie Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked amongst the all-time greatest heptathletes. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Top Ten Performers

Accurate as of 2 June, 2007.


Men

Mark* Wind** Athlete Nationality Venue Date
8.95 0.3 Mike Powell  United States Tokyo August 30, 1991
8.90A 2.0 Bob Beamon  United States Mexico City October 18, 1968
8.87 -0.2 Carl Lewis  United States Tokyo August 30, 1991
8.86A 1.9 Robert Emmiyan  Soviet Union /  Armenia Tsakhkadzor May 22, 1987
8.74 1.4 Larry Myricks  United States Indianapolis July 18, 1988
8.74A 2.0 Erick Walder  United States El Paso April 2, 1994
8.71 1.9 Iván Pedroso  Cuba Salamanca July 18, 1995
8.66 0.2 Louis Tsatoumas  Greece Kalamata June 2, 2007
8.63 0.5 Kareem Streete-Thompson  United States / Flag of Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Linz July 4, 1994
8.62 0.7 James Beckford  Jamaica Orlando April 5, 1997

*(meters), **(metres/second) A = Altitude (above 1000 metres) Michael Anthony Mike Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Robert (Bob) Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is a former American track and field athlete, best known for his long-standing world record in the long jump. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Robert Emmiyan (born February 16, 1965) is a retired long jumper who represented USSR and later Armenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Tsakhkadzor (Armenian: , Tsaghkadzor) is a city and a popular health resort in Kotayk, Armenia. ... Larry Myricks (born 10 March 1956) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the long jump. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Indianapolis redirects here. ... Erick Walder (born 5 November 1971 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American long jumper. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... El Paso redirects here. ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... Louis Tsatoumas (born 12 February 1982) is a Greek long jumper. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... Kareem Streete-Thompson (born May 30, 1973 in the United States of America) is an athlete specializing in the long jump and the 100 metres. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cayman_Islands. ... For the town in Germany, see Linz am Rhein. ... James Beckford (born January 9, 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete competing in the long jump. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 261. ...


Women

Mark* Wind** Athlete Nationality Venue Date
7.52 1.4 Galina Chistyakova  Soviet Union /  Russia Leningrad June 11, 1988
7.49 1.3 Jackie Joyner-Kersee  United States New York May 22, 1994
7.48 0.4 Heike Drechsler  Germany Lausanne July 8, 1992
7.43 1.4 Anişoara Cuşmir  Romania Bucharest June 4, 1983
7.42 2.0 Tatyana Kotova  Russia Annecy June 23, 2002
7.39 0.5 Yelena Belevskaya  Soviet Union /  Belarus Bryansk July 18, 1987
7.37 N/A Inessa Kravets  Soviet Union /  Ukraine Kiev June 11, 1988
7.33 0.4 Tatyana Lebedeva  Russia Tula July 31, 2004
7.31 1.5 Yelena Khlopotnova  Soviet Union /  Ukraine Alma Ata September 12, 1985
7.31 -0.1 Marion Jones  United States Zürich August 12, 1998

*(meters), **(meters/second) Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Jackie Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked amongst the all-time greatest heptathletes. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... AniÅŸoara CuÅŸmir-Stanciu (born June 28, 1962 in Brăila). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... For the Russian beauty queen, see Tatiana Kotova. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... City flag Coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Haute-Savoie (préfecture) Arrondissement Annecy Canton Chief town of 3 cantons Intercommunality Communauté de lagglomération dAnnecy Mayor Jean-Luc Rigaut  (UDF) (since January 15, 2007) Statistics... Yelena Belevskaya (born October 11, 1963 in Yevpatoria, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented USSR and later Belarus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Historic coat of arms of Bryansk (1781). ... The Ukrainian triple jumper Inessa Kravets, née Shulyak (Інеса Кравець, born October 5, 1966) jumped the world record at the 1995 world championships after studying a picture of Jonathan Edwards. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Tatyana Lebedeva (born July 21, 1976) is a Russian athlete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... , For other uses, see Tula (disambiguation). ... Yelena Khlopotnova, née Stetsura (born 4 August 1963) is a long jumper who represented the USSR and later Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map showing Almatys location in Kazakhstan Almaty Orthodox church Mosque Almaty (Алматы; formerly known as Alma-Ata, also Vernyj, Vyernyi (Верный) in Imperial Russia) is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,185,900 (2004) (8% of the population of Kazakhstan) citizens. ... Marion Jones, also known as Marion Jones-Thompson (born October 12, 1975 in Los Angeles, California), is a former American track and field athlete of Belizean descent. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ...


Best Year Performance

Men's Seasons Best (Outdoor)

YEAR DISTANCE ATHLETE PLACE
1960 8.21  Ralph Boston (USA) Walnut
1961 8.28  Ralph Boston (USA) Moscow
1962 8.31  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Yerevan
1963 8.20  Ralph Boston (USA) Modesto
1964 8.34  Ralph Boston (USA) Los Angeles
1965 8.35  Ralph Boston (USA) Modesto
1966 8.23  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Leselidze
1967 8.35  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS) Mexico City
1968 8.90  Bob Beamon (USA) Mexico City
1969 8.21  Igor Ter-Ovanesyan (URS)
Flag of Poland Waldemar Stepian (POL)
Odessa
Chorzów
1970 8.35 Flag of West Germany Josef Schwarz (FRG) Stuttgart
1971 8.23  Norman Tate (USA) El Paso
1972 8.34  Randy Williams (USA) Munich
1973 8.24  James McAlister (USA) Westwood
1974 8.30  Arnie Robinson (USA) Modesto
1975 8.45  Nenad Stekić (YUG) Montreal
1976 8.35  Arnie Robinson (USA) Montreal
1977 8.27  Nenad Stekić (YUG) Nova Gorica
1978 8.32  Nenad Stekić (YUG) Rovereto
1979 8.52  Larry Myricks (USA) Montreal
1980 8.54  Lutz Dombrowski (GDR) Moscow
1981 8.62  Carl Lewis (USA) Sacramento
1982 8.76  Carl Lewis (USA) Indianapolis
1983 8.79  Carl Lewis (USA) Indianapolis
1984 8.71  Carl Lewis (USA) Westwood
1985 8.62  Carl Lewis (USA) Brussels
1986 8.61  Robert Emmiyan (URS) Moscow
1987 8.86  Robert Emmiyan (URS) Tsakhkadzor
1988 8.76  Carl Lewis (USA) Indianapolis
1989 8.70  Larry Myricks (USA) Houston
1990 8.66  Mike Powell (USA) Villeneuve d'Ascq
1991 8.95  Mike Powell (USA) Tokyo
1992 8.68  Carl Lewis (USA) Barcelona
1993 8.70  Mike Powell (USA) Salamanca
1994 8.74  Erick Walder (USA) El Paso
1995 8.71  Iván Pedroso (CUB) Salamanca
1996 8.58  Erick Walder (USA) Springfield
1997 8.63  Iván Pedroso (CUB) Padua
1998 8.60  James Beckford (JAM) Bad Langensalza
1999 8.60  Iván Pedroso (CUB) Padua
2000 8.65  Iván Pedroso (CUB) Jena
2001 8.41  James Beckford (JAM) Turin
2002 8.52  Savanté Stringfellow (USA) Palo Alto
2003 8.53  Yago Lamela (ESP) Castellón de la Plana
2004 8.60  Dwight Phillips (USA) Linz
2005 8.60  Dwight Phillips (USA) Helsinki
2006 8.56  Irving Saladino (PAN) Rio de Janeiro
2007 8.66  Louis Tsatoumas (GRE) Kalamáta

// December 4 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Barry Magee (NZL) 2:19:04 Stock car racing: Junior Johnson won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Rex White Indianapolis 500 - Jim Rathmann USAC Racing - A.J. Foyt won the season championship Formula One Championship - Jack Brabham of Australia 24 hours of... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... For other uses, see Walnut (disambiguation). ... See also: 1960 in sports, other events of 1961, 1962 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Marvin Panch won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Ned Jarrett Indianapolis 500 - A.J. Foyt USAC Racing - A.J. Foyt won the driving championship Formula One... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships Mens all-around champion: Yuri Titov, USSR Womens all-around champion: Larissa Latynina, USSR Team competition champions: mens - Japan; womens - USSR Seventh European Championships, held from September 12 to September 16 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia August 29 — Asian Games Marathon, Jakarta, Indonesia Men... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... // May 4 — Pan American Games Marathon, Sao Paulo, Brazil Mens Winner: Fidel Negrete (MEX) 2:27:56 July 13 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Václav Chudomel (CZE) 2:25:11 October 15 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Jeff Julian (NZL) 2:18:01 Stock car racing... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Riverbank is a city located in Stanislaus County, California. ... See also: 1963 in sports, other events of 1964, 1965 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Athletics March 6 – Tom OHara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 hours, 56. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... See also: 1964 in sports, other events of 1965, 1966 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Fred Lorenzen wins the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Ned Jarrett Indianapolis 500 - Jimmy Clark USAC Racing - Mario Andretti Formula One Champion - Jimmy Clark of Great Britain... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ralph Harold Boston (b. ... Riverbank is a city located in Stanislaus County, California. ... See also: 1965 in sports, other events of 1966, 1967 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - David Pearson Indianapolis 500 - Graham Hill USAC Racing - Mario Andretti won the season championship Formula One Championship - Jack... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Gyachripsh (Russian: ) is a village in Abkhazia. ... See also: 1966 in sports, other events of 1967, 1968 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Mario Andretti wins the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship — Richard Petty May 31-Indianapolis 500 — A.J. Foyt USAC Racing — A.J. Foyt won the season championship... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... // December 8 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Bill Adcocks (ENG) 2:10:48 Stock car racing: Cale Yarborough won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - David Pearson Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Unser USAC Racing - Bobby Unser won the season championship Formula One Champion: Graham Hill of Great Britain 24 hours of... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Robert (Bob) Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is a former American track and field athlete, best known for his long-standing world record in the long jump. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... // August 16 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Kazuo Matsubara (JPN) 2:19:29 September 21 — European Championships Marathon, Athens, Greece Mens Winner: Ron Hill (ENG) 2:16:48 December 7 — Fukuoka Marathon, Japan Mens Winner: Jerome Drayton (CAN) 2:11:13 Stock car racing: LeeRoy Yarbrough won... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan (Russian: , born 19 May 1938 in Kiev) is a Russian athlete of Armenian origin, and Olympic medalist in the long jump for the USSR. Ter-Ovanesyan trained at Burevestnik, first in Kiev, later in Lviv and then in Moscow. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government UrzÄ…d Miasta Chorzów Mayor Marek Kopel Area 33,5 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 117 430 - 2856/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 50°18 N 18°57 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SH Twin towns - Municipal Website Chorzów... See also: 1969 in sports, other events of 1970, 1971 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Pete Hamilton won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bobby Isaac Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... See also: 1970 in sports, other events of 1971, 1972 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article needs cleanup. ... See also: 1971 in sports, other events of 1972, 1973 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: February 20: A.J. Foyt won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Mark Donohue USAC Racing - Joe Leonard won the season championship Formula... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Randy Williams (born 23 August 1953) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the long jump. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Westwood is the name of the following locations in the United States: Westwood, California Westwood Village (in Los Angeles, California) Westwood, Iowa Westwood, Kansas Westwood, Boyd County, Kentucky Westwood, Jefferson County, Kentucky Westwood, Massachusetts Westwood, Michigan Westwood, Missouri Westwood, New Jersey Westwood Hills, Kansas Westwood Lakes, Florida Westwood Village Memorial... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Clarence Arnie Robinson won the gold medal for the mens long jump in the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal. ... Riverbank is a city located in Stanislaus County, California. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Nenad Stekić (born 7 March 1951) is a retired Yugoslav long jumper, best known for his two silver medals at the European Championships. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Clarence Arnie Robinson won the gold medal for the mens long jump in the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Nenad Stekić (born 7 March 1951) is a retired Yugoslav long jumper, best known for his two silver medals at the European Championships. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Area: 309. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Nenad Stekić (born 7 March 1951) is a retired Yugoslav long jumper, best known for his two silver medals at the European Championships. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Rovereto - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Larry Myricks (born 10 March 1956) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the long jump. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Lutz Dombrowski (June 25, 1959 in Zwickau) is a former German track and field athlete and Olympic champion. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... Westwood is the name of the following locations in the United States: Westwood, California Westwood Village (in Los Angeles, California) Westwood, Iowa Westwood, Kansas Westwood, Boyd County, Kentucky Westwood, Jefferson County, Kentucky Westwood, Massachusetts Westwood, Michigan Westwood, Missouri Westwood, New Jersey Westwood Hills, Kansas Westwood Lakes, Florida Westwood Village Memorial... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Robert Emmiyan (born February 16, 1965) is a retired long jumper who represented USSR and later Armenia. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Robert Emmiyan (born February 16, 1965) is a retired long jumper who represented USSR and later Armenia. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Tsakhkadzor (Armenian: , Tsaghkadzor) is a city and a popular health resort in Kotayk, Armenia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Larry Myricks (born 10 March 1956) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the long jump. ... Houston redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Michael (Mike) Anthony Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete, and the holder of the long jump world record. ... Saint-Pierre dAscq church Located between Lille and Roubaix, at the crossroads of the principal freeways towards Paris, Ghent, Antwerp and Brussels, Villeneuve dAscq (which means New city of Ascq in French) is one of the principal cities of the communauté urbaine Lille Métropole. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Michael (Mike) Anthony Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete, and the holder of the long jump world record. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Frederick Carlton Carl Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is a retired American track and field athlete who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 golds (He received the gold medal in the 100 meters in 1988 Olympics after Ben Johnson was disqualified for using drugs), and 10 World Championships medals, of... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Michael (Mike) Anthony Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete, and the holder of the long jump world record. ... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Erick Walder (born 5 November 1971 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American long jumper. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Erick Walder (born 5 November 1971 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American long jumper. ... // Look up Springfield in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... James Beckford (born January 9, 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete competing in the long jump. ... For the New York City neighborhood, see Jamaica, Queens. ... Bad Langensalza (until 1956: Langensalza) is a city in the County of Unstrut-Hainich, Thuringia, Germany, with a population of 19,000 (2003). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... Padua, Italy, (Italian: IPA: , Latin: Patavium, Venetian: ) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy, the economic and communications hub of the region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... James Beckford (born January 9, 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete competing in the long jump. ... For the New York City neighborhood, see Jamaica, Queens. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Savante Stringfellow is a U.S. born longjumper. ... Downtown Palo Alto Palo Alto is a city in Santa Clara County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, USA. Palo Alto is located at the northern end of the Silicon Valley, and is home to Stanford University (which is technically located in an adjacent area — Stanford, California), and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Yago Lamela (born July 24, 1977 in Avilés) is a Spanish athlete competing in the long jump. ... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Castelló de la Plana (Valencian) Spanish name Castellón de la Plana Administration Country Autonomous Community Valencian Community Province Castellón Comarca Plana Alta Geography Land Area 108. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Phillips in Helsinki at the GE Money Grand Prix in July 2005, celebrating after his first jump (8. ... For the town in Germany, see Linz am Rhein. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Phillips in Helsinki at the GE Money Grand Prix in July 2005, celebrating after his first jump (8. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... The following events in athletics (track and field) took place in 2006: 2006 African Championships in Athletics Athletics at the 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games Athletics at the 2006 Commonwealth Games 2006 IAAF World Cross Country Championships 2006 European Championships in Athletics 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships Athletics at... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Irving Saladino (born 23 January 1983 in Colón) is a Panamanian long jump athlete. ... Americas; other uses, see Panama (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Louis Tsatoumas (born 12 February 1982) is a Greek long jumper. ... For other uses, see Greece (disambiguation). ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ...

Women's Seasons Best (Outdoor)

YEAR DISTANCE ATHLETE PLACE
1976 6.99  Siegrun Siegl (GDR) Dresden
1978 7.09  Vilma Bardauskiené (URS) Prague
1979 6.90  Brigitte Wujak (GDR) Potsdam
1980 7.06  Tatyana Kolpakova (URS) Moscow
1981 6.96  Jodi Anderson (USA) Colorado Springs
1982 7.20  Valy Ionescu (ROM) Bucharest
1983 7.43  Anişoara Cuşmir (ROM) Bucharest
1984 7.40  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Dresden
1985 7.44  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Berlin
1986 7.45  Heike Drechsler (GDR) Tallinn
1987 7.45  Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Indianapolis
1988 7.52  Galina Chistyakova (URS) Leningrad
1989 7.24  Galina Chistyakova (URS) Volgograd
1990 7.35  Galina Chistyakova (URS) Bratislava
1991 7.37  Heike Drechsler (GER) Sestriere
1992 7.48  Heike Drechsler (GER) Lausanne
1993 7.21  Heike Drechsler (GER) Zürich
1994 7.49  Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) New York City
1995 7.07  Heike Drechsler (GER) Linz
1996 7.20  Jackie Joyner-Kersee (USA) Atlanta
1997 7.05  Lyudmila Galkina (RUS) Athens
1998 7.31  Marion Jones (USA) Eugene
1999 7.26  Maurren Higa Maggi (BRA) Bogotá
2000 7.09  Fiona May (ITA) Rio de Janeiro
2001 7.12  Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Turin
2002 7.42  Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Annecy
2003 7.06  Maurren Higa Maggi (BRA) Milan
2004 7.33  Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS) Tula
2005 7.04  Irina Simagina (RUS) Sochi
2006 7.12  Tatyana Kotova (RUS) Novosibirsk
2007 7.21  Lyudmila Kolchanova (RUS) Sochi

See also: 1975 in sports, other events of 1976, 1977 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: February 15David Pearson won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Cale Yarborough Indianapolis 500 - Johnny Rutherford USAC Racing - Gordon Johncock won the season championship Formula One Championship... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Siegrun Siegl has won an Olympic gold in pentathlon. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... See also: 1977 in sports, other events of 1978, 1979 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto racing USAC - A J Foyt won final season championship under USAC. CART, Championship Auto Racing Teams open wheel racing established in the United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Alexander Dityatin, USSR Womens all-around champion: Nellie Kim, USSR Mens team competition champion: USSR Womens team competition champion: Romania Best Year Performance  Guido Kratschmer  – 8476 points July 14 — Pan American Games Marathon, San Juan, Puerto Rico Men... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Brigitte Wujak (born March 6, 1955 in Karl-Marx-Stadt) is a retired long jumper who represented East Germany. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... See also: 1979 in sports, other events of 1980, 1981 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt Buddy Baker won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Johnny Rutherford won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Johnny Rutherford Formula One Champion - Alan... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Tatyana Alekseyevna Kolpakova (Abbyasova) (Russian:Татьяна Алексеевна Колпакова (Аббясова)) (born October 18, 1959 in village Alamedin, Kirghiz SSR) is a retired long jumper who represented the USSR and later Kyrgyzstan. ... CCCP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... See also: 1980 in sports, other events of 1981, 1982 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship May 25 - Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Unser Formula One... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Colorado Springs is a middle-sized city, located just east of the geographic center of the state of Colorado in the United States. ... See also: 1981 in sports, other events of 1982, 1983 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Rick Mears won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Gordon Johncock Formula One Champion - Keke... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... Vali Ionescu-Constantin (born August 31, 1960 in Turnu Magurele) is a retired long jumper from Romania. ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... See also: 1982 in sports, other events of 1983, 1984 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Bobby Allison Cale Yarborough won the Daytona 500 CART Racing - Al Unser won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Tom Sneva Formula One Championship - Nelson... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania_(1947-1989). ... AniÅŸoara CuÅŸmir-Stanciu (born June 28, 1962 in Brăila). ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... See also: 1983 in sports, other events of 1984, 1985 in sports and the list of years in sports. Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Terry Labonte Cale Yarborough won the Daytona 500 Richard Petty won the 200th (and final) race of his career on July 4. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... See also: 1984 in sports, other events of 1985, 1986 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bill Elliott won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Darrell Waltrip Ken Schrader enters NASCAR CART Racing - Al Unser Sr won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Danny... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... See also: 1985 in sports, other events of 1986, 1987 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Geoff Bodine won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Rahal Formula One Championship - Alain Prost of France 24... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... County Area 159. ... See also: 1986 in sports, other events of 1987, 1988 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bill Elliott won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Jackie Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked amongst the all-time greatest heptathletes. ... The Indianapolis skyline Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana. ... See also: 1987 in sports, other events of 1988, 1989 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Bobby Allison won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bill Elliott CART Racing - Danny Sullivan won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Rick Mears Formula One Championship - Ayrton... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Igor Korobchinsky, USSR Womens all-around champion: Svetlana Boginskaya, USSR Mens team competition champion: USSR Womens team competition champion: USSR Best Year Performance  Dave Johnson  – 8549 points January 29 — Osaka Marathon, Japan Womens Winner: Lorraine Moller (NZL... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... See also: 1989 in sports, other events of 1990, 1991 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Derrike Cope won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Al Unser, Jr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Galina Chistyakova (Галина Чистякова in Russian; born July 26, 1962 in Izmail, Ukraine) is a retired athlete who represented the USSR. Competing in long jump, she won the 1985 European Indoor Championships and a silver medal at the European Championships one year later. ... CCCP redirects here. ... , Nickname: Beauty on the Danube, City of peace Country  Slovakia Region Districts 5  - Bratislava I  - Bratislava II  - Bratislava III  - Bratislava IV  - Bratislava V Rivers Elevation 134 m (440 ft) Coordinates , Highest point Devínska Kobyla  - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft) Lowest point Danube River  - elevation 126 m (413 ft... See also: 1990 in sports, other events of 1991, 1992 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Ernie Irvan won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Michael Andretti won the season championship Indianapolis 500 - Rick Mears Formula One Championship - Ayrton... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Sestriere (French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a [[comune of the Province of Turin, at 44°57′N 6°53′E, at 2035 m above sea-level, with 838 inhabitants (2003). ... // August 1 — Olympic Marathon, Barcelona (Spain) Womens Winner: Valentina Yegorova (EUN) 2:32:41 August 9 — Olympic Marathon, Barcelona (Spain) Mens Winner: Hwang Young-Cho (KOR) 2:13:23 October 11 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Willie Mtolo (RSA) 2:13:39 Womens Winner: Natalia Repescko... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... See also: 1992 in sports, other events of 1993, 1994 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Athletics February 11 - Irina Privalova sets a new womens 60m indoors world record August 13 - August 22 - World Championships held in Stuttgart Auto Racing Stock car racing: Dale Jarrett won... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... // February 20 — In Boston, Massachusetts, Irelands 41-year-old Eamonn Coghlan becomes the first man over the age of forty to run a sub-four minute mile when he clocked 3min. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Jackie Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked amongst the all-time greatest heptathletes. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... See also: 1994 in sports, other events of 1995, 1996 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Sterling Marlin won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Jeff Gordon CART racing - season championship won by Jacques Villeneuve Indianapolis 500 - Jacques Villeneuve. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heike Drechsler (born December 16, 1964 Gera) is a German athlete, who has won 2 Olympic gold medals. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... For the town in Germany, see Linz am Rhein. ... // June 16 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: John Mandu (KEN) 2:15:14 Womens Winner: Mieke Pullen (NED) 2:41:13 July 28 — Olympic Marathon, Atlanta, Georgia (USA) Womens Winner: Fatuma Roba (ETH) 2:26:05 August 4 — Olympic Marathon, Atlanta, Georgia (USA) Mens Winner: Josia... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Jackie Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked amongst the all-time greatest heptathletes. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champion: Ivan Ivankov, Belarus Womens all-around champion: Svetlana Khorkina, Russia Mens team competition champion: China Womens team competition champion: Romania June 8 — Enschede Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: Dmitriy Kapitonov (RUS) 2:12:09 Womens Winner: Carla... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Lyudmila Galkina (born January 20, 1972 in Saratov) is a Russian athlete. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... // Stock car racing: Dale Earnhardt won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Jeff Gordon NASCAR celebrates its 50th anniversary Indy Racing League - Indianapolis 500 - Eddie Cheever CART Racing - Alex Zanardi won the season championship Formula One Championship - Mika Häkkinen of Finland 24 hours of Le Mans: won by the team... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Marion Jones, also known as Marion Jones-Thompson (born October 12, 1975 in Los Angeles, California), is a former American track and field athlete of Belizean descent. ... Eugene is a common (masculine) first name that comes from the Greek eugenes , from eu- + -genes . The name shares a root with the word eugenics. ... See also: 1998 in sports, other events of 1999, 2000 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Athletics Hicham El Guerrouj sets the new World Record in the mile at the World Championships in Rome. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Maurren Higa Maggi (born June 25, 1976 in São Carlos) is a Brazilian athlete. ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Bogotá (disambiguation). ... See also: 1999 in sports, other events of 2000, 2001 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Dale Jarrett won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Bobby Labonte Indy Racing League - Buddy Lazier won the season championship Indianapolis 500- Juan Pablo Montoya CART Racing... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Fiona May (born December 12, 1969 in Slough, England) is an Italian athlete competing in the long jump. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... See also: 2000 in sports, other events of 2001, 2002 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Michael Waltrip won the Daytona 500, a race that also saw the death of seven-time NASCAR champion Dale Earnhardt in an unspectacular crash during the... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For the Russian beauty queen, see Tatiana Kotova. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... See also: 2001 in sports, 2003 in sports and the list of years in sports. Auto Racing Stock car racing: Ward Burton wins the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Tony Stewart Indy Racing League - Sam Hornish Jr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For the Russian beauty queen, see Tatiana Kotova. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... City flag Coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Rhône-Alpes Department Haute-Savoie (préfecture) Arrondissement Annecy Canton Chief town of 3 cantons Intercommunality Communauté de lagglomération dAnnecy Mayor Jean-Luc Rigaut  (UDF) (since January 15, 2007) Statistics... // World Artistic Gymnastics Championships: Mens all-around champions: Paul Hamm, USA, Yang Wei, China Womens all-around champion: Svetlana Khorkina, Russia Mens team competition champion: China Womens team competition champion: USA April 13 — Rotterdam Marathon, Netherlands Mens Winner: William Kiplagat (KEN) 2:07:42 Women... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Maurren Higa Maggi (born June 25, 1976 in São Carlos) is a Brazilian athlete. ... This article is about the country. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... // On January 28, International Olympic Committee Vice-President Kim Un-yong is arrested on charges of corruption in Seoul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Tatyana Lebedeva (born July 21, 1976) is a Russian athlete. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... Places named Tula include: Tula, Tula Oblast, Russia Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico Tula, Tamaulipas, Mexico Tula, Mississippi, USA Tula, Sardinia, Italy Tula, Kenya Other uses: Tula is the professional name of transsexual model/actress Caroline Cossey. ... // Athletics Mens 100 metres - Asafa Powell of Jamaica sets a new world record of 9. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Irina Simagina (born May 25, 1982) is a Russian long jumper. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... // For an extensive coverage see 2006 in athletics (track and field) May 12 — Justin Gatlin equals the 100m world record. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For the Russian beauty queen, see Tatiana Kotova. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... Novosibirsk (Russian: , pronounced ) is Russias third largest city, after Moscow and Saint Petersburg, and the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast. ... // 1 : College Football - In a game remembered for its numerous trick plays, including a hook and lateral and a Statue of Liberty play, the Boise State Broncos defeat the Oklahoma Sooners 43-42 to win the Fiesta Bowl in dramatic fashion. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Lyudmila Kolchanova (born October 1, 1979) is a Russian long jumper. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ...

National records

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Men

NATION DISTANCE ATHLETE VENUE DATE
 USA 8.95 m Mike Powell Tokyo 1991-08-30
 ARM 8.86 m Robert Emmiyan Tsakhadzor 1987-05-22
 CUB 8.71 m Iván Pedroso Salamanca 1995-07-18
 GRE 8.66 m Louis Tsatoumas Kalamata 2007-06-02
 JAM 8.62 m James Beckford Orlando 1997-04-05
 PAN 8.57 m Irving Saladino Osaka 2007-08-30
 ESP 8.56 m Yago Lamela Turin 1999-06-24
 GER 8.54 m Lutz Dombrowski Moscow 1980-07-28
 AUS 8.49 m Jai Taurima Sydney 2000-09-28
 KSA 8.48 m Mohamed Salman Al-Khuwalidi Sotteville 2006-07-02
 ITA 8.47 m Andrew Howe Osaka 2007-08-30
 RUS 8.46 m Leonid Voloshin Tallinn 1988-07-05
 YUG 8.45 m Nenad Stekić Tallinn 1975-07-25
 GHA 8.43 m Ignisious Gaisah Rome 2006-07-14
 BAH 8.41 m Craig Hepburn Nassau 1993-06-17
 CHN 8.40 m Lao Jianfeng Zhaoqing 1997-05-28
 SLO 8.40 m Gregor Cankar Celje 1997-05-18
 BRA 8.40 m Douglas de Souza Sao Paulo 1995-02-15
 RSA 8.39 m Godfrey Mokoena Lapinlahti 2006-07-16
 ROM 8.37 m Bogdan Tudor Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 1995-07-09
 POR 8.36 m Carlos Calado Lisboa 1997-06-20
 UKR 8.35 m Sergey Layevskiy
Roman Shchurenko
Dnepropetrovsk
Kiev
1988-07-16
2000-07-25
 TPE 8.34 m Nai Huei-Fang Shanghai 1993-05-14
 MAR 8.34 m Younes Moudrik Algiers 2000-07-13
 VEN 8.34 m Victor Castillo Cochabamba 2004-05-30
 BUL 8.33 m Ivaylo Mladenov Seville 1995-06-03
 BLR 8.33 m Aleksandr Glovatskiy Sestriere 1996-08-07
 EGY 8.31 m Hassine Hatem Moursal Oslo 1999-06-30
 FRA 8.30 m Kader Klouchi Dijon 1998-07-05
 AUT 8.30 m Andreas Steiner Innsbruck 1988-06-04
 HUN 8.30 m László Szalma Budapest 1985-07-07

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Michael Anthony Mike Powell (born November 10, 1963) is an American Track and Field athlete. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... For other uses, see Armenia (disambiguation). ... Robert Emmiyan (born February 16, 1965) is a retired long jumper who represented USSR and later Armenia. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... For other uses, see Cuba (disambiguation). ... Iván Lázaro Pedroso Soler (born December 17, 1972 in La Habana) is a Cuban athlete specializing in long jump. ... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... For other uses, see Greece (disambiguation). ... Louis Tsatoumas (born 12 February 1982) is a Greek long jumper. ... Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... For the New York City neighborhood, see Jamaica, Queens. ... James Beckford (born January 9, 1975 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a Jamaican athlete competing in the long jump. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 261. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Americas; other uses, see Panama (disambiguation). ... Irving Saladino (born 23 January 1983 in Colón) is a Panamanian long jump athlete. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... Yago Lamela (born July 24, 1977 in Avilés) is a Spanish athlete competing in the long jump. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Lutz Dombrowski (June 25, 1959 in Zwickau) is a former German track and field athlete and Olympic champion. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation). ... Jai Taurima (born June 26, 1972 in Southport, Queensland, Australia) is a former athlete who competed in the long jump. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country on the Arabian Peninsula. ... Mohamed Salman Al-Khuwalidi (born 19 June 1981) is a Saudi Arabian long jumper. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... Andrew Howe (born 12 May 1985 in Los Angeles, United States) is an Italian athlete who specializes in the long jump and sprint. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... Leonid Voloshin (born March 30, 1966 in Krasnodar) is a retired triple jumper from Russia. ... County Area 159. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Nenad Stekić (born 7 March 1951) is a retired Yugoslav long jumper, best known for his two silver medals at the European Championships. ... County Area 159. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... For other uses, see Ghana (disambiguation). ... Ignisious Gaisah (born July 20, 1983) is a Ghanaian athlete competing in the long jump. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... Motto: Forward, Upward, Onward Together Anthem: March On, Bahamaland Royal anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Nassau Official languages English Government  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor-General Arthur Dion Hanna  -  Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham Independence from the United Kingdom   -  Self-governing 1964   -  Full independence July 10, 1973  Area  -  Total 13... Craig Hepburn (born 10 December 1969) is a retired Bahamian long jumper, best known for finishing 13th at the 1992 Olympic Games. ... // Nassau may mean the following: Place names: Nassau, Germany: a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, after which all the following are named: Nassau, Bahamas: the capital of the Bahamas Burg Nassau: Nassau Castle, ancestral seat of the House of Nassau Nassau (duchy): an extinct German duchy Hesse-Nassau: the Prussian province... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Zhaoqing (肇庆) is a prefecture-level city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Anthem:  A Toast Slovenia() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Ljubljana Official languages Slovenian, Italian1, Hungarian1 Demonym Slovenian, Slovene Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Janez DrnovÅ¡ek  -  President-elect Danilo Türk  -  Prime Minister Janez JanÅ¡a Independence from Yugoslavia   -  Declared June 25, 1991   -  Recognized... Gregor Cankar (born January 25, 1975 in Celje) is a Slovenian athlete competing in long jump who won the bronze medal at the 1999 World Championships in Athletics. ... Area: 94,9 km² Population  - males  - females 48. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the country. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... This article is about the country on the southern tip of the African continent. ... Lapinlahti is a municipality of Finland. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Motto:  (each main institution has its own motto) Anthem: DeÅŸteaptă-te, române! Romania() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Bucharest (BucureÅŸti) Official languages Romanian1 Demonym Romanian Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Traian Băsescu  -  Prime Minister Călin Popescu-T... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Anthem A Portuguesa Capital (and largest city) Lisbon5 Official languages Portuguese1 Government Parliamentary democracy  -  President Cavaco Silva  -  Prime Minister José Sócrates Formation June 24, 1128   -  Founding of the First County of Portugal 868   -  Battle of São Mamede June 24, 1128   -  Kingdom 25 July 1139   -  Recognized 5 October 1143... Carlos Calado (born October 5, 1975 in Alcanena) is an athlete who specialises in the long jump. ... District or region Lisbon Mayor  - Party Carmona Rodrigues PSD Area 84. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Anthem Ще не вмерла України ні слава, ні воля(Ukrainian) Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny ni slava, ni volya(transliteration) Ukraines glory has not yet perished, nor her freedom Ukraine() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Kiev (Kyiv) Official languages Ukrainian Demonym Ukrainian Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Viktor Yushchenko  -  Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych Independence from... Roman Shchurenko (born September 14, 1976) is a Ukrainian athlete specializing in long jump. ... REDIRECT Dnipropetrovsk ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chinese_Taipei_for_Olympic_games. ... Chinese Taipeis Olympic Flag Chinese Taipei (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ) is the designated name used by the Republic of China (ROC), to participate in most international organizations, due to the persistent diplomatic pressure from the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which, like the UN... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Morocco (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... For other uses, see Venezuela (disambiguation). ... The centre of Cochabamba Ayacucho Avenue Cochabamba is a city in central Bolivia, located in a valley bearing the same name in the Andes mountain range. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... For other uses, see Bulgaria (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... For other uses, see Belarus (disambiguation). ... Sestriere (French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a [[comune of the Province of Turin, at 44°57′N 6°53′E, at 2035 m above sea-level, with 838 inhabitants (2003). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... This article is about the country of Egypt. ... This article is about the capital of Norway. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Anthem: La Marseillaise France() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Paris Official languages French Demonym French Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Nicolas Sarkozy  -  Prime Minister François Fillon Formation  -  French State 843 French State Formed   -  Current... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... For other uses, see Austria (disambiguation). ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Motto none Historically Regnum Mariae Patronae Hungariae (Latin) Kingdom of Mary the Patroness of Hungary Anthem Himnusz Hymn (God, bless the Hungarians) Hungary() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Budapest Official languages Hungarian (Magyar) Demonym Hungarian Government Parliamentary republic  -  President László Sólyom... László Szalma (born 27 October 1957 in Nagymaros) is a retired long jumper from Hungary. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ USATF – 2006 Competition Rules (HTML). USA Track & Field. Retrieved on 2006-10-29, 2006. Retrieved on October 29, 2006.
  2. ^ Ancient Origins (HTML). The Times/The Sunday Times. Retrieved on 2006-10-29, 2006. Retrieved on October 29, 2006.
  3. ^ Tricard, Louise Mead (1996-07-01). American Women’s Track & Field: A History, 1895 Through 1980. McFarland & Company, 60-61. ISBN 0-7864-0219-9. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Guthrie, Mark (2003). Coach Track & Field Successfully. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 149-155. ISBN 0-7360-4274-1. 
  • Rogers, Joseph L. (2000). USA Track & Field Coaching Manual. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 141-157. ISBN 0-88011-604-8. 
  • Ernie Gregoire, Larry Myricks. World Class Track & Field Series: Long Jump [VHS]. Ames, IA: Championship Books & Video Productions.
Athletics events

Sprints: 60 m | 100 m | 200 m | 400 m Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Sprints are short running races in athletics. ... 60 metres is a sprint event in athletics. ... For other uses, see 1 E+2 m. ... A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Hurdles: 60 m hurdles | 100 m hurdles | 110 m hurdles | 400 m hurdles Hurdling In track and field athletics there are sprint hurdle races and long hurdle races. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... Womens 100 m hurdles at the Atlanta Olympic Games The 100 m hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by women. ... The 110m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by men. ... Womens 400m Hurdles The 400m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field (athletics) discipline. ...


Middle distance: 800 m | 1500 m | 3000 m | steeplechase Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1,500 metres is a premier middle distance track event. ... A track event where you run 7 and 1/2 times around a 400m track. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Long distance: 5,000 m | 10,000 m | half marathon | marathon | ultramarathon | multiday races | Cross country running For long track speedskating, see Speed skating. ... 5000 meters, a popular running distance also known as a 5 km, colloquially five-K (equal to 3. ... ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... For other senses of this word, see Marathon (disambiguation). ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Minnesota State Highschool Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ...


Relays: 4 × 100 m | 4 × 400 m;       Racewalking;       Wheelchair racing During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mens 20 km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. ... Wheelchair racingis the racing of wheelcahirs, typically by athletes who are unable to run. ...


Throws: Discus | Hammer | Javelin | Shot put | 35 lb weight throw “Discus” redirects here. ... A hammer thrower competing in a Highland games event in Dornoch, Scotland The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object is to throw a heavy metal ball attached to a wire and handle. ... An athlete throwing the javelin. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. ...


Jumps: High jump | Long jump | Pole vault | Triple jump This article is about the athletic event. ... Pole vaulting is an athletic event where a person uses a long, flexible pole (usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. ... This article is about the athletics event. ...


Combination: Pentathlon | Heptathlon | Decathlon | Triathlon | Duathlon The womens pentathlon was contested in the Olympics from 1964 until 1980, and it was replaced in the 1984 games with the heptathlon. ... A heptathlon is a sportive contest made up of seven events (from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest)). More specifically, the term heptathlon refers to an athletics event consisting of seven events. ... Decathlon is an athletic event combining 10 track and field events. ... The three components of triathlon: Swimming, Cycling, Running A triathlon is an athletic event consisting of swimming, cycling and running over various distances. ... Duathlon is an athletic event (not to be confused with biathlon) that consists of a running leg, followed by a cycling leg and then another running leg in a format bearing some resemblance to triathlons. ...


Highly uncommon: Standing high jump | Standing long jump | Standing triple jump The Standing high jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing long jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing triple jump is an athletic sport. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jones makes team with long jump win - The Boston Globe (606 words)
The 2000 Olympic long jump bronze medalist, who has refused to speak to reporters while facing allegations she has used performance-enhancing drugs, appeared poised, as she has throughout the trials.
Joining Jones on America's long jump team were Grace Upshaw, who earned a berth with a jump of 22-5, and Akiba McKinney, who took third with a leap of 21-6 3/4.
Between jumps, Jones made repeated trips to see coach Dan Pfaff, who during one exchange told her to "just read the wind." Her remaining jumps weren't as good, but they didn't need to be.
Long Jump (1283 words)
The long jump is a speed event that comprises of four phases:
The preparation for the long jump take-off begins in the later phases of the approach run.
In the stride jump style the athlete maintains the take off position for as long as possible and only as the athlete comes into land does the take off leg join the free leg for a good landing position.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m