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Encyclopedia > Long Range Surveillance

Modern Long Range Surveillance, or LRS (pronounced "lurse"), units (LRSU'S)are specially employed elite surveillance units that are utilized by Military Intelligence (Example: 313th Military Intelligence Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division) for intelligence gathering deep into hostile territories. Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ... The 313th Military Intelligence Battalion traces its lineage back to 25 September 1942, with the activation of the 215th Signal Depot Company; the battalion was officially activated and assigned to the 82d Airborne Division on 16 October 1979. ...


They fall under a Military Intelligence battalion (strictly, an MI Tactical Exploitation Battalion, or TEB) but are themselves Airborne Infantry units. LRS Units (LRSU) are formulated as either larger LRS Companies (LRSC), comprising 3 line LRS platoons, or smaller LRS Detachments (LRSD), comprising 1 line LRS platoon. A given line LRS platoon is organized as 6 unsupported LRS teams. LRSU operate up to 150 kilometers (90 for LRSD) behind the Forward Line of Troops (FLOT) a maximum of 8 days. Their 5 primary missions are reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, battle damage assessment, and force protection. Beyond these, they also have many secondary missions to provide general battlefield information to military intelligence sources, such as weather and light data, map data, etc. Today's LRS units trace their origin to the US Army's Long Range Reconnaissance Units LRRPs of the Vietnam War and to Army Rangers. Like other elite units, LRS are Airborne, and most leadership positions are filled by Ranger qualified officers and NCOs. Typically, LRS soldiers undergo the Reconnaissance Surveillance Leadership Course (RSLC) at Fort Benning, similarly developing long range land navigation, communications, intelligence, vehicle identification, survival, and operational techniques. LRS team members usually carry the M4 carbine, M203 grenade launcher, and M9 9mm pistol, as well as the typical complement of specialized optics and communications gear. Each US Army LRS (Long Range Surveillance) team is comprises 6 soldiers: Team Leader (TL) witch is currently slotted as a Staff Sergeant (E-6) position but is transforming into a Sergeant First Class (E-7) Position Assistant Team Leader (ATL) witch is currently slotted as a Sergeant (E-5... LRRP (pronounced and sometimes spelled LuRP), is an acronym for the United States Army Long Range Recon Patrols, special six-man teams of primarily Rangers utilised in the Vietnam War on highly dangerous special operations missions deep into enemy territory. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Official force name 75th Ranger Regiment Rangers Other names Airborne Rangers Army Rangers U.S. Army Rangers Branch U.S. Army Chain of Command USASOC Description Special Operations Force, rapidly deployable light infantry force. ... Airborne Military parachuting form of insertion. ... US Army Reconnaissance and Surveillance Leaders Course (formerly Long Range Surveillance Leaders Course, or LRSLC) is an elite 5 week school offered by 4th Ranger Training Battalion to Soldiers, Marines, Sailors and Airmen to train them to expert levels in Reconnaissance, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Battle Damage Assessment, Foreign Vehicle Identification...


LRS units (Infantry) are not to be confused with the new Army concept of RSTA units (Cavalry). As part of the Army-wide transfer to Brigade Units of Action, some infantry divisions and separate brigades are transitioning to the RSTA format. LRS units are being transferred to the Army's new Battlefield Surveillance Brigade (BfSB) format. The brigade contains a Brigade HHC, a Battlefield Surveillance Targeting Battalion (BSTB), a Military Intelligence Battalion and a Surveillance Reconnaissance Battalion (SRB). The SRB has an HHC, One Long Range Surveillance Company (LRSC) with 15 teams and two Cavalry Troops, each with two platoons. The RSTA capabilities are broader to encompass all aspects of basic reconnaissance and surveillance . The LRS units conduct the same reconnaissance and surveillance missions as a RSTA but they also have the more specialized capability of being able to conduct surveillance mission deep behind enemy line. Airborne reconnaissance missions are conducted by only three types of units in the Army. These units are the various LRS units, the Regimental Recon Detachment of the 75th Ranger Regiment, and various Special Forces (SF) units. RSTA units also have added light vehicle support in the form of HMMWVs and M3 Bradleys, (due to being commissioned as cavalry), whereas the LRS units do not utilize a larger vehicle support element. RSTA units are not airborne capable as are all LRS units (an exception being 3-325th RSTA of the 82nd Airborne). A primary method of inserting behind enemy lines to conduct surveillance (for a 6 man LRS team) is by night Airborne operation. In addition, By doctrine, RSTA units do not require their leadership positions to be filled by Ranger qualified officers and NCOs as LRSU units do. LRS unit's reconnaissance capability is more comprehensive than RSTA's, which may have to make and maintain contact with the opposition, thus failing to avoid detection. LRS troopers are often graduates of the army's elite schools including the U.S. Army Sniper School, SOTIC, Ranger School, SCUBA School, HALO, Scout Swimmer, RSLC, Pathfinder, Air Assault and other schools befitting a reconnaissance scout troop. US LRSUs conduct training exercises and exchange programs with various US allies. In recent years these exercises have included deployments to England, Germany, and Italy. Joint training exercises have involved units from British TA SAS, France's 13 RDP, Belgium's ESR, Italy's 9 Para Assault Regiment and Germany's Long Range Scout Company's. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback in combat are commonly known as cavalry (from French cavalerie). ... The Brigade Combat Team (BCT) is the basic deployable unit of maneuver in the US Army. ... Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition or RSTA, is a type of unit in the United States Army. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ... Categories: Rockets and missiles | Physics stubs ... The US Army Long Range Surveillance Company The LONG RANGE SURVEILLANCE COMPANY (LRS-C) is organized as a company organic to the military intelligence brigade at corps. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment —also known as the United States Army Rangers— is a special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. ... For other uses of the term, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... SF is a two-letter abbreviation which may refer to: San Francisco, California, a city with a population of more than 750,000, located on the Pacific coast of the United States Sinn Féin, Irish political party with links with the IRA. Schweizer Fernsehen (Swiss Television) Science fiction, a... The 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army was formed originally as the 82nd Infantry Division on August 25, 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia. ... Each US Army LRS (Long Range Surveillance) team is comprises 6 soldiers: Team Leader (TL) witch is currently slotted as a Staff Sergeant (E-6) position but is transforming into a Sergeant First Class (E-7) Position Assistant Team Leader (ATL) witch is currently slotted as a Sergeant (E-5... Airborne Military parachuting form of insertion. ... The United States Army Ranger School is an intense nine-week long combat leadership course, conducted in three three-week phases - at Fort Benning, Georgia, U.S.A., (the woodland terrain, Benning Phase), at Camp Merrill, Georgia, (the Mountain Phase), and at Camp Rudder, (Eglin AFB), Florida, (the Swamp Phase). ... JASON Halo may refer to: Halo (optical phenomenon), a ring of light that surrounds an object. ... US Army Reconnaissance and Surveillance Leaders Course (formerly Long Range Surveillance Leaders Course, or LRSLC) is an elite 5 week school offered by 4th Ranger Training Battalion to Soldiers, Marines, Sailors and Airmen to train them to expert levels in Reconnaissance, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Battle Damage Assessment, Foreign Vehicle Identification... Pathfinder can have several meanings: // Fiction Relating to James Fenimore Coopers Leatherstocking Tales novels:(Also is known as The Inland Sea) Pathfinder, a nickname for Natty Bumppo The Pathfinder, the title of one of the novels Relating to the Star Trek fictional universe: Pathfinder (Voyager episode), an episode of... A US Army UH-1 Huey seen offloading troops during the Vietnam War Air Assault (or air mobile, in the U.S. Air Cavalry) is the movement of forces by helicopter or aircraft to engage and destroy enemy forces or to seize and hold key terrain. ... SAS may be: Airlines and Hotels Scandinavian Airlines System, an airline company in Denmark, Norway and Sweden SAS Braathens, an airline company in Norway SAS Group, an airline and hotel company in Europe Radisson SAS, an hotel company in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East Academic organizations and institutions... ESR can stand for many things, including: electron spin resonance The initials of open source software advocate Eric S. Raymond erythrocyte sedimentation rate Earlham School of Religion at Earlham College in Indiana, United States Electo Slag Remelting This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages...


See also

  • Hjemmevaernets Patruljer - The LRS units of the Danish Armed Forces
  • Jegerkompaniet (eng: Ranger Company (infantry)) LRS unit of the Norwegian Armed Forces
  • Fjernoppklaringseskadron (eng: Long Range Reconnaissance Squadron (cavalry)) LRS unit of the Norwegian Armed Forces

Hjemmeværnets Patruljer or the Home Guard Patrols - are organized at two levels: at Home Guard Battalion-Level, with Platoon size local patroling units assigned to the 23 HG Battalions and at Divisional/Corps-Level, with one Patruljekompagni - a company size Long Range Survelliance Company (LRSC) for national operations, assigned... Jegerkompaniet / ISTAR is the Norwegian Armys northern-most unit. ... Norway has mandatory military service for males (6-12 months of training) and voluntary service for females. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Unit Uses Special Skills to Pursue Enemy - DefendAmerica News Article (833 words)
Long range surveillance (LRS) detachments are melded into the Army’s new vision for the future.
The special skills and flexibility of a long range surveillance (LRS) detachment such as the 74th Long Range Surveillance Detachment make the unit especially adapted to meet the needs of an infantry brigade in this environment, said Maj. Michael Loos, the 173rd Airborne Brigade’s operations and planning officer.
As the long-range surveillance detachments are melded into the Army’s new vision for the future, the 74th underwent its own transformation here in Afghanistan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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