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Encyclopedia > Long Island Sound
New York City waterways: 1. Hudson River, 2. East River, 3. Long Island Sound, 4. Newark Bay, 5. Upper New York Bay, 6. Lower New York Bay, 7. Jamaica Bay, 8. Atlantic Ocean
Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut (to the north) and Long Island (to the south)
Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut (to the north) and Long Island (to the south)

Long Island Sound is an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean and various rivers in the United States. It lies between the coast of Connecticut to the north and Long Island to the south. Many mansions along with wealthy neighborhoods characterize a good portion of the sound from the cityline of New York out to Setauket and Port Jefferson. The towns of Orient, Greenport, East Marion, Southold, and Mattituck have smaller populations and are located on the extreme eastern tip of the Long Island Sound. The property value here is high. On the extreme western end, it is bounded on the north side by Westchester County, New York and the Bronx, and connects to the East River. On its eastern end it is connected to Block Island Sound. The sound is considered by some to be the natural border between New England and the Mid-Atlantic states. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 6343 KB) A map showing the major waterways in New York City. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2652x2582, 6343 KB) A map showing the major waterways in New York City. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... Newark Bay, as seen from the waterfront of Bayonne, New Jersey Newark Bay is shown highlighted on a TERRA image of New York Harbor Newark Bay is a body of water, a tiday back bay of New York Harbor formed at the confluence of the Passaic and Hackensack rivers. ... Upper New York Bay, sometimes called Upper New York Harbor or the Upper Bay, is the northern area of New York Harbor inside the Narrows. ... Lower New York Bay is the section of New York Bay outside of the Narrows and open directly to the Atlantic Ocean. ... Jamaica Bay is a bay that lies in the shadow of New York Citys skyscrapers and is adjacent to one of the nations busiest airports. ... Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut and Long Island. ... Long Island Sound is shown highlighted in pink between Connecticut and Long Island. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,549 sq. ... Mercator projection of Long Island Long Island is an island in New York, USA. At 1,377 square miles (3567 km²) and is home to 7. ... Westchester County is a suburban county with about 940,000 residents located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... Block Island Sound, shown shaded in red, between the coast of the Rhode Island and Block Island. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America, located in the northeastern section of the country, includes the following states and district: Delaware Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Washington, D.C. West Virginia Virginia These areas provided the young United States with heavy industry and served as...


Waters of Long Island Sound are influenced by the Labrador Current, which results in the relatively cold water temperature and dark bluish-green color. Average water temperature for Long Island Sound is around 34°F (1°C) in January; some of the shallow inlets freeze over during winter. In July the water temperature is typically around 55°F (13°C), which contributes to relatively mild summer temperatures for Long Island and coastal Connceticut. The Labrador Current is a cold current in the north Atlantic Ocean which flows from the Arctic Ocean south along the coast of Labrador and passes around Newfoundland, continuing south along the east coast of Nova Scotia. ...


The Sound is 110 miles (177 km) long and 21 miles (34 km) wide at its widest point. It has an average depth of 78 feet (24 m), with the deepest point being 300 feet (90 m). The volume of water in the Sound is 8 trillion US gallons (30 km³). Including all islands, the Long Island Sound has a shoreline of 548 miles (882 km).


The first European to record the existence of Long Island Sound was the Dutch navigator Adriaen Block, who entered the sound from the East River in 1614. World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Blocks map of his 1614 voyage, with the first appearance of the term New Netherland Adriaen Block (1567–1627) was a Dutch private fur trader and navigator who explored the coastal and river valley areas between present-day New Jersey and Massachusetts during four voyages from 1611 to 1614... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ...


Several major cities are situated along the Long Island Sound, resulting in a total of more than 8 million people living within its watershed. Major Connecticut cities on the Sound include Bridgeport, New London, Stamford, Norwalk, and New Haven. New York cities on the Sound include Port Jefferson and New York City (the boroughs of Queens and the Bronx). Nickname: The Park City Official website: www. ... View of New London from across the Thames River New London, Connecticut is a city in New London County, at the mouth of the Thames River and on the northeastern shore of Long Island Sound. ... Nickname: The City that Works Location Location in Connecticut Coordinates , Government Counties Fairfield County Mayor Dannel Malloy (Dem) Geographical characteristics Area     City 52. ... Motto: The Right Place, The Right Time Location Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut Coordinates , Government Counties Fairfield County Mayor Geographical characteristics Area     City 36. ... Nickname: The Elm City Official website: www. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Big Apple, The Capital of the World[1], Gotham [2], Metropolis Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ...


Ferries provide service between Long Island and Connecticut, notably between Port Jefferson, New York and Bridgeport, Connecticut, and Orient Point, New York and New London, Connecticut. Some of the ferries that cross the Long Island Sound carry automobiles, trucks, buses, as well as passengers. The Village of Port Jefferson is located in the Town of Brookhaven in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: The Park City Official website: www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,549 sq. ... Orient is a hamlet located in Suffolk County, New York. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... View of New London from across the Thames River New London, Connecticut is a city in New London County, at the mouth of the Thames River and on the northeastern shore of Long Island Sound. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,549 sq. ...


Underwater cables transmit electricity under the Long Island Sound, most notably the controversial Cross-Sound Cable that runs from New Haven in western Connecticut, to Brookhaven in central Long Island. Scientists debate whether or not these cables are safe for the fragile Long Island Sound environment, especially the underwater lifeforms. Nickname: The Elm City Official website: www. ... Brookhaven, New York is a town (county subdivision) in central Suffolk County, New York. ...


Broadwater Energy LLC, a joint venture between the Shell Oil Company and TransCanada Corporation, has proposed building a floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in the middle of Long Island Sound. The terminal would regasify LNG offloaded from ships, and this gas would flow through pipelines under the sound to New York and Connecticut. Some politicians from both states, such as NY Senator Chuck Schumer are fiercely opposed to the terminal, claiming that alternative energy sources and conservation should be pursued instead of adding new distribution lines and supply sources. However, local Connecticut politicians have little influence since the terminal would be located entirely within waters that are part of New York state (although Connecticut senators and congressmen may be able to stop the platform at the federal level). The Shell emblem known as the Pecten Shell Oil Company (SOC) is the Houston, Texas based wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. ... TransCanada (TSX: TRP) is a large energy company based in Calgary, Alberta. ... Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been processed to remove impurities and heavy hydrocarbons and then condensed into a liquid at atmospheric pressure by cooling it to approximately -163 degrees Celsius. ... Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is the senior Senator from the state of New York and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Future energy development face great challenges due to an increasing world population, demands for higher standards of living, demands for less pollution and a much discussed end to fossil fuels. ... Conservation may refer to the following: Conservation ethic in relation to preserving ecosystems Conservationist Conservation movement Conservation ecology Conservation biology Energy conservation in reducing non-renewable energy consumption Conservation law of physics Conservation of energy Conservation of mass Conservation (genetics) in genetics Conservation (botany) in botanical nomenclature Conservation (psychology) in...


The Long Island Sound side differs from the Atlantic Ocean side of Long Island because the shorelines here are rocky. The Atlantic Ocean side remains sandy with no rocks. This is due to the formation of Long Island nearly 10,000 years ago as glaciers formed the fish-shaped island.


Many attempts have been made to build a bridge over the sound, including a bridge from Rye, New York to Oyster Bay, New York, from New Haven, Connecticut to Shoreham, from Bridgeport, Connecticut to Port Jefferson, New York on Long Island, or from Orient Point, New York to Rhode Island. In addition, there are also thought to build a tunnel under the sound, such as a tunnel from Rye, New York to Oyster Bay, New York to carry both freeway lanes and railroads. However, none has been built yet. Rye, New York is the name of two places in Westchester County, New York. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Oyster Bay is the name of a hamlet on the North Shore of Long Island in Nassau County in the state of New York, USA. The hamlet is also the site of a station on the Long Island Rail Road and the eastern termination point of that branch of the... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: The Elm City Official website: www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,549 sq. ... Shoreham is a village located in Suffolk County, New York. ... Nickname: The Park City Official website: www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,549 sq. ... The Village of Port Jefferson is located in the Town of Brookhaven in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... uuu ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Providence Largest city Providence Area  Ranked 50th  - Total 1,214* sq mi (3,144* km²)  - Width 37 miles (60 km)  - Length 48 miles (77 km)  - % water 32. ...


Long Island Sound has historically had a rich fishery, but in recent years the western part of the sound has become increasingly deficient of marine life. The fishing and lobstering industries have encouraged efforts to identify the cause of the dead water and rectify the problem. Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ...


Major environmental problems currently affecting the Sound include hypoxia, toxic substance and pathogen contamination, debris and other man-made pollution, and overdevelopment.[1] Decline of oxygen saturation to anoxia, measured during the night in Kiel Fjord, Germany. ... Water pollution Pollution is the release of chemical, physical, biological or radioactive contaminants to the environment. ...


See also

Northern Øresund Puget Sound and Mt. ... The geography and environment of New York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in a naturally sheltered harbor. ...

External links

Long Island Sound near Guilford, Connecticut
Long Island Sound near Guilford, Connecticut

  Results from FactBites:
 
USGS Studies in Long Island Sound: Geology, Contaminants, and Environmental Issues (912 words)
Sediments of the Sound are a sink for wastes and contaminants from various sources such as wastewater treatment plants, urban and agricultural runoff, and waste disposal.
Descriptions of USGS research on geologic, chemical, oceanographic, and biological aspects of the Long Island Sound are accessible in the menu to the left.
The circulation in Long Island Sound, which is controlled by an east-to-west weakening of tidal-current speeds coupled with the westward-directed estuarine bottom drift, has produced a succession of sedimentary environments.
SMIG -- Currents and Sediment Transport in Long Island Sound (article: September 2000) (7437 words)
Long Island Sound is a major east-coast estuary located adjacent to the most densely populated region of the United States.
Long Island Sound is located between Connecticut and Long Island, New York, on the east coast of the United States (Figure 1).
In Long Island Sound, as in most estuaries without substantial mudflats (Speer and Aubrey, 1985), the frictional decay of the tidal wave causes the flood tide to be shorter than the ebb tide (Redfield, 1980).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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