FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Long Island
Part of the article series on

Main article
Long Island may refer to: Long Island is a small island off the coast of Antigua. ...

Topics
History
Economy
Transportation
Politics
Music
People
Recreation
Law enforcement This is a list of famous people from Nassau and Suffolk counties on Long Island. ... The List of Long Island law enforcement agencies provides an inclusive list of law enforcement agencies serving New Yorks Long Island. ...

Regions
Nassau County
Suffolk County
(Brooklyn, Queens)
North Shore · South Shore
North Fork · South Fork
Long Island Sound
Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The South Fork of Suffolk County, New York is a peninsula in the southeast part of the county and of Long Island. ... New York City waterways: 1. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

Long Island is an island in southeastern New York, USA, jutting out into the Atlantic Ocean. It comprises four counties, two of which (Queens and Brooklyn) are boroughs of New York City, and two of which (Nassau and Suffolk) are suburbs of that city. This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ...


True to its name, Long Island is much longer than it is wide, extending 118 miles (190 km) from New York Harbor, and varies in width between 12 and 23 miles (19 and 37 km) between Long Island Sound and the southern Atlantic coast.[1] Long Island has an area of 1,401 square miles (3,629 km2), making it the largest island in the continental United States and the 149th largest island in the world.[1] It is connected to the mainland by several bridges and tunnels through New York City, and ferries to Connecticut from Suffolk County. New York Harbor, a geographic term, refers collectively to the rivers, bays, and tidal estuaries near the mouth of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Satellite image of the Big Island of Hawaii, the largest island in the United States. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by area. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Long Island had a population of 7,448,618 as of the 2000 census,[1] with the population estimated at 7,559,372 as of July 1, 2006, making it the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory. It is also the 17th most populous island in the world, ahead of Ireland, Jamaica and the Japanese island of Hokkaidō. Its population density is 5,470 people per square mile (2,110 per km2). 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. ... This is a list of islands in the world ordered by population. ...   literally North Sea Circuit, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japans second largest island and the largest of its 47 prefectural-level subdivisions. ...

Contents

Overview

Mercator projection of Long Island showing state boundaries.
Mercator projection of Long Island showing state boundaries.

The Native American name for Long Island is Paumanok, meaning "The Island that Pays Tribute". More powerful tribes in the surrounding areas forced the relatively peaceful Long Islanders to give tributes and payment to avoid attacks. Mercator projection generated by Online Map Creation. ... Mercator projection generated by Online Map Creation. ... Mercator world map Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae Descriptio ad Usum Navigatium Emendate (1569) The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator, in 1569. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


The westernmost end of Long Island contains the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn (Kings County) and Queens (Queens County). The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" or "the Island" refers only to Nassau and Suffolk counties; the more dense and urban Brooklyn and Queens are not usually thought of as being part of Long Island, as they are politically part of New York City. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


Nassau County is more urbanized and congested than Suffolk County, with pockets of rural affluence in the cliffs of the Gold Coast of the North Shore overlooking the Long Island Sound. South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands and white sand beaches overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, which bring additional pockets of rare rural affluence to Long Island. Old money from the time of the Revolutionary War populated some of the island and still does to this day. Nouveau riches in the Roaring Twenties established large estates on the North Shore. Some have been donated to the public domain and become parks or museums. The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ... The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Old money refers in the United Kingdom to the pre-decimal currency of pounds, shillings (or bob) and pence. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Nassau County, owing to economic growth and the suburbanization of America after World War II, was the fastest growing county in the United States from the 1950s to the 1970s. Suffolk County remains less congested despite substantial growth in high technology and light manufacturing sectors since 1990. Suffolk remains small town rural in the far east sections, such as The Hamptons and Greenport. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “Hamptons” redirects here. ... The bird statue in the Greenport harbor Greenport is a village in Suffolk County, New York, United States. ...


Long Island is known for its affluence and high quality of life. According to the 2000 Census, Nassau County is the third richest county per capita in New York State, and the 10th richest in the nation. Long Island's Nassau County has the second highest property taxes in the United States.[2] Suffolk County has redeveloped North Fork potato fields into a burgeoning wine region. It is known for beach towns, including the world-renowned Hamptons, and for Montauk Point, home of Montauk Point Lighthouse at the eastern tip of the island. 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Montauk Lighthouse Montauk Point State Park is located at the eastern tip of Long Island, New York in Suffolk County. ...


Long Island is also known for its strong middle class, accenting a dedication to hard work, suburban homeownership, investment in schools and education, and people who are strongly committed to family living and local community events. Many of these are descendants of second (or third) generation immigrant families who had originally come from Brooklyn and Queens, seeking the space and tranquility of the early suburbs. In particular, a strong Brooklyn orientation remains among many of these families. It is local custom to say "on Long Island" rather than "in Long Island" when referring to locations in the region. This usage is consistently employed by local newspapers including The New York Times and Newsday. The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Newsday is a daily tabloid-size newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the New York City metropolitan area. ...


Geology

NASA Landsat satellite image of Long Island and surrounding areas.
NASA Landsat satellite image of Long Island and surrounding areas.

Long Island, as part of the Outer Lands region, is formed largely of two spines of glacial moraine, with a large, sandy outwash plain beyond. These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation some 21,000 years ago (19,000 BC). The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway. Most of the more level land south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 1000 pixel, file size: 344 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) NASA Landsat satellite global mosaic image of Long Island, New York Source link: [1] (Image was color corrected. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 1000 pixel, file size: 344 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) NASA Landsat satellite global mosaic image of Long Island, New York Source link: [1] (Image was color corrected. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... The Landsat program is the longest running enterprise for acqusition of imagery of Earth from space. ... Satellite imagery consists of photographs of Earth or other planets made from artificial satellites. ... The Outer Lands The Outer Lands is a term denoting the prominent archipelagic region off of the southern coast of New England in the United States. ... Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ... Harbor Hill was a spectacular Long Island mansion built from 1899-1902 in Roslyn, New York, commissioned by Clarence Hungerford Mackay. ... Ronkonkoma is a census-designated place located in Suffolk County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 20,029. ... The Long Island Expressway (LIE) is one of the interstate highways with the designation of Interstate 495. ... In geology, a sandur is a phenomenon found mostly in Iceland. ...


The glaciers melted and receded to the north, resulting in the difference between the North Shore beaches and the South Shore beaches. The North Shore beaches are rocky from the remaining glacial debris, while the South Shore's are crisp, clear, outwash sand. Running along the center of the island like a spine is the moraine left by the glaciers. (Bald Hill is the highest point along the moraine.) The glaciers also formed Lake Ronkonkoma, a kettle lake. Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Lake Ronkonkoma is a census-designated place located in Suffolk County, New York. ... A kettle hole is a geological feature formed by receding glaciers. ...


The island's tallest natural point is Jayne's Hill near Melville, with an elevation of 400.9 feet (122.2 m) above sea level. Long Island is separated from the mainland by the East River, which is actually not a river, but a tidal strait. Long Island Sound forms the northern boundary of the island. Jaynes Hill is the highest point on New Yorks Long Island, with an elevation of 400. ... Melville is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Huntington in Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, in the United States. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... This article is about tides in the ocean. ... Over-Simplified diagram A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. ...


Long Island contains a series of sand and gravel aquifers, geologic formations which can hold, transmit and yield water in usable quantities. All of Long Island's water supply comes from underground water held in aquifers. Stacked one on top of the other like layers in a cake, three major and one minor aquifer make up the Long Island aquifer system. In sequence from shallowest to deepest, the Long Island aquifers are: the Upper Glacial, the Magothy and the Lloyd Aquifers. All Long Island aquifers receive their fresh water from precipitation which takes from 25 to 1,000 years to migrate through the layers to the aquifers, which hold roughly 70 trillion US gallons (260 km3)—enough to flood the entire surface of Long Island with more than 300 feet (90 m) of water—and can withstand long droughts that dry up surface-water reservoirs like the ones that supply New York City. Almost four million gallons each day are taken from beneath Nassau and Suffolk Counties, providing the primary source of water for the resident population. While most homes are on a municipal water system, there are still many areas where homes have their own wells to provide water. Both Nassau and Suffolk counties have long recongnized their dependance on the aquifers and have stipulated that recharge basins be builts (sumps) that collect ground water. Recharge basins are required and sized based upon the scale of any new development on Long Island. Due to contamination associated with development, concern to preserve the quality of Long Island's groundwater has become the single most important factor limiting the region's growth. An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, or permeable mixtures of unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) (see also groundwater). ... The gallon is a unit of volume used for measuring liquids (as well as dry matter). ... A reservoir (French: réservoir) is an artificial lake created by flooding land behind a dam. ... The Lachine Canal, in Montreal, is badly polluted Pollution is the release of harmful environmental contaminants, or the substances so released. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ...


Climate

Long Island has a climate similar to other coastal areas of the Northeastern United States; it has warm, humid summers and cold winters. The Atlantic Ocean helps bring afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms. Severe thunderstorms are not uncommon, especially when they approach the island from the mainland areas of the Bronx, Westchester County and Connecticut in the northwest. Measurable snow falls every winter and in many winters one or more intense storms (called a Nor'easter) produce blizzard conditions with snowfalls of 1–2 feet (30–60 cm) and near-hurricane force winds. Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... Westchester County is a primarily suburban county with about 940,000 residents located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Satellite image of the intense noreaster responsible for the North American blizzard of 2006. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


Long Island temperatures vary from west to east, with the western part of the island warmer on most occasions than the east. This is due to two factors: the western part is closer to the mainland, and it is more densely developed, causing the "urban heat island" effect. The eastern part is cooler on most occasions due to moderation of the Atlantic Ocean and the Long Island Sound, and its being less developed. On dry nights with no clouds or wind, the Pine Barrens in eastern Suffolk County can be almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit (11 degrees Celsius) cooler due to radiational cooling. Tokyo, a case of Urban Heat Island. ... This article is about clouds in meteorology. ... The Long Island Central Pine Barrens is a 100,000 acre (400 km²) pine barrens in Suffolk County, New York, 30,000 acres (120 km²) of which are protected public lands; it is Long Islands largest natural area and its last remaining wilderness. ... Radiational cooling is the cooling of the earths surface. ...


Severe weather

Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to hurricanes.[3] Its northern location and relatively cool waters tend to weaken storms to below hurricane strength by the time they reach Long Island. Despite this, some storms have made landfall at Category 1 or greater strength, including two unnamed Category 3 storms in 1938 (New England Hurricane of 1938) and 1944, Hurricane Donna in 1960, Hurricane Belle in 1976, Hurricane Gloria in 1985, Hurricane Bob in 1991 (brushed the eastern tip), and Hurricane Floyd in 1999. (There is debate among climatologists as to whether Hurricane Floyd made landfall as a Category 1 or as a very strong "almost hurricane strength" tropical storm. The official records note it as the latter.) This article is about weather phenomena. ... Lowest pressure 938 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Lowest pressure ≤930 mbar (hPa) Damage $3. ... Lowest pressure 957 mbar (hPa) Damage $100 million (1976 USD $342 million (2005 USD) Fatalities 5 direct Areas affected New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts Part of the 1976 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Belle was the third tropical storm and first hurricane of the 1976 Atlantic hurricane season. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 1985; for other storms of the same name, see Tropical Storm Gloria (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 1991. ... Lowest pressure 921 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Lowest pressure 921 mbar (hPa; 27. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


Many other storms crossed the island directly at tropical storm strength, including Hurricane Bertha in 1996 and Hurricane Charley in 2004. In September 2006, the remnants of Hurricane Ernesto swept through the area, causing several temporary power outages on parts of the island. This article is about weather phenomena. ... Hurricane Bertha was a Cape Verde type hurricane that formed in July 1996. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004; for other storms named Hurricane Charley, see Hurricane Charley (disambiguation). ... The name Ernesto has been used for five tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Some thunderstorms can be extremely severe and tornadoes, though very rare, are possible. In September 1998, a small tornado hit Lynbrook; in August 1999, an F-2 tornado hit parts of Mattituck, in August 2005, a small tornado hit Glen Cove; one year later in August 2006, a small tornado hit Massapequa in Nassau County, and parts of Amityville, which straddles Nassau and Suffolk counties but is officially located in Suffolk County. On July 18, 2007, an F-1 tornado hit Islip Terrace and on September 27, 2006, a rare waterspout was seen over the Long Island Sound near Port Jefferson. In the wintertime, temperatures are warmer than areas further inland (especially in the night and early morning hours), sometimes causing a snowstorm further inland to fall as rain or mixed precipitation on the island. Lynbrook is a village in Nassau County, New York, USA . ... The Mattituck Inlet Mattituck is a hamlet in Suffolk County, New York, USA. The population was 4,198 at the 2000 census. ... Glen Cove is a city in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Massapequa is a hamlet (and a census-designated place) located in Nassau County, New York. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Amityville is a village in Suffolk County, New York, in the United States. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Islip Terrace is a census-designated place located in Suffolk County, New York. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Waterspouts on the beach of Kijkduin near The Hague, the Netherlands on 2006 August 27. ... The Incorporated Village of Port Jefferson is located in the town of Brookhaven in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ...


Demography

Population trend
Year Inhabitants
1790 37,108
1800 42,097
1810 48,752
1820 56,978
1830 69,775
1840 110,406
1850 212,637
1860 379,788
1870 540,648
1880 743,957
1890 1,029,097
Year Inhabitants
1900 1,452,611
1910 2,098,460
1920 2,723,764
1930 4,103,638
1940 4,600,022
1950 5,237,918
1960 6,403,852
1970 7,141,515
1980 6,728,074
1990 6,861,474
2000 7,448,618

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the total population of all four counties of Long Island was 7,448,618. New York City's portion of the census was 4,694,705, with Brooklyn's population at 2,465,326 and Queens having 2,229,379 residents. The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


The combined population of Nassau and Suffolk counties was 2,753,913 people; Suffolk County's share at 1,419,369 and Nassau County's at 1,334,544. Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the 1990 census as growth and development continued to spread eastward As Suffolk County has over twice the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density. Combined, Long Island's population is greater than 38 of the 50 United States. If it were an independent nation, it would rank as the 96th most populated nation, falling between Switzerland and Israel. Map of countries by population for the year 2007. ...


As of the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the island was 57.16% White, 21.18% African American, 0.36% Native American, 9.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.17% other races, and 4.01% from two or more races. 17.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


Population figures from the U.S. Census Bureau Census 2000 [2] show that non-whites are in the majority in the two urban counties of New York City, while whites are in the majority in the two suburban counties of Nassau and Suffolk:

  • Kings County: 41.2% white, 36.4% black, 19.8% Hispanic/Latino, 7.5% Asian, and 0.4% American Indian/Native Alaskan.
  • Queens County: 44.1% white, 25.0% Hispanic/Latino, 20.0% black, 17.6% Asian, and 0.1% American Indian/Native Alaskan.
  • Nassau County: 79.3% white, 10.3% Hispanic/Latino, 10.1% black, 4.7% Asian, and 0.2% American Indian/Native Alaskan.
  • Suffolk County: 84.6% white, 10.9% Hispanic/Latino, 6.9% black, 2.4% Asian, and 0.3% American Indian/Native Alaskan.
Religious groups on Long Island
County
Population
2000 census
%
Catholic
% not
affiliated
%
Jewish
%
Protestant
Estimate
of % not
reporting
Kings 2,465,326 37 4 15 8 33
Queens 2,229,379 29 37 11 5 15
Nassau 1,334,544 52 9 16 7 15
Suffolk 1,419,369 52 21 7 8 11
Total 7,448,618 40 18 12 7 20
Source: ARDA[4]

The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...

History

Main article: History of Long Island

The western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch, while the eastern region was settled by English Puritans from New Haven, Connecticut, settling in Southold on October 21, 1640. The entirety of Long Island came under English dominion in 1664 when the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was taken over by the English and renamed New York. African Americans have been an integral part of Long Island history, most arriving first as slaves before the Revolution and working both at domestic and rural trades. During the American Revolutionary War, the island was captured early by the British in the Battle of Long Island. There was a notable loyalist element, especially in Hempstead. Yankees in northern and eastern parts were more inclined to Rebel sentiments. The island remained a British stronghold until the end of the war. The Puritans were members of a group of radical Protestants which developed in England after the Reformation. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... This article is about the settlement in present-day New York City. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about military actions only. ... Combatants United States Kingdom of Great Britain Commanders George Washington, Israel Putnam William Howe, Charles Cornwallis, Henry Clinton Strength 11,000-13,000 unknown, nearly 20,000 (about 10,000 of which were militia ) 22,000 (including 9,000 Hessians) Casualties 1,719 total (312 dead, 1,407 wounded, captured... Britannia offers solace and a promise of compensation for her exiled American born Loyalists. ... The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns (otherwise known as civil townships) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ...


19th century Long Island was rural and agricultural, except in parts of Kings (Brooklyn) and Queens counties, which were consolidated into "The City of Greater New York" on January 1, 1898. New York and Long Island kept slavery into the 19th century. Most freedpeople settled near where they had been living and had connections. The easternmost 280 square miles (725 km²) of Queens County, which were not part of the consolidation plan,[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] separated in 1899 to form Nassau County. Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nassau County is the name of two counties in the United States of America: Nassau County, New York Nassau County, Florida Category: ...


Many immigrants and African Americans moving from New York City have made comfortable lives on Long Island. The immigration waves of southern and eastern Europe, followed by more recent ones from Asia and Africa, have been pivotal in creating the diversity on Long Island that many other American regions lack. These immigrations are reflected in the large Italian American, Irish American and Jewish American populations. Typically the immigrants lived in the more urban western parts of the island, and their descendants farther east. Late 20th century immigrants have often moved directly to Nassau County and other suburban areas. An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... Irish population density in the United States, 1872. ... A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ...


In the 1920s and 1930s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms to the paradigm of the American suburb. Railroads made possible commuting suburbs before construction of the Long Island Expressway and other major roadways. Robert Moses created various parkway projects to span the island, along with state parks for the enjoyment of many. Jones Beach on the Atlantic Ocean is the most famous, "the crown jewel in Moses' State Park System". Long Island quickly became New York City's retreat - with millions of people going to and from the city to the new state parks. Gradually development started to follow the parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes: (the Southern State Parkway, the Northern State Parkway, and, in the 1960s, the Long Island Expressway). Many early developments had restrictive covenants on residents, but these changed after the Civil Rights Movement. “Suburbia” redirects here. ... This is about the urban planner; for other uses, see Robert Moses (disambiguation). ... Wantagh Parkway approach to Jones Beach. ... The Southern State Parkway (also known as the Southern State or the Southern Parkway) is a long east-west limited-access highway on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ... The Northern State Parkway is a limited-access parkway that runs for approximately 29 miles west-east across the north shore of New Yorks Long Island. ... The Long Island Expressway (LIE) is one of the interstate highways with the designation of Interstate 495. ...


After World War II, Long Island's population skyrocketed, mostly in Nassau County and western Suffolk County. People who worked and lived in New York City moved out to Long Island in new developments built during the post-war boom. The most famous post-war development was the town of Levittown. Positioned along the Wantagh Parkway in the area formally known as Island Trees, the area became the first place to massively reproduce houses on a grand scale- providing great opportunity for GI's returning home to start a family. After the success of Levittown, other areas modeled what some people criticize as "suburban sprawl". Nassau County became more densely populated than Suffolk County because its residential areas were closer to jobs then concentrated in New York City. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Levittown, a suburb of New York City, is a hamlet and unincorporated political subdivision of New York State located on Long Island in Nassau County, New York. ... Wantagh Parkway: Wantagh Parkway is an artery linking Jones Beach State Park, NY to Westbury, NY on Long Island, approximately 30 miles east of Manhattan and 14 miles east of the New York City line. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Long Island

The counties of Nassau and Suffolk have long been renowned for their affluence. Long Island has a very high standard of living with residents paying some of the highest property taxes in the country. In opulent pockets of the North Shore of Long Island and South Shore, assets have passed from one generation to the next over time. Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ...


From about 1930 to about 1990, Long Island was considered one of the aviation centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft having their headquarters and factories in the Bethpage area. Grumman has long been the source of top warplanes for the U.S. Navy and the Marine Corps, as seen in the movie Top Gun and numerous WW-II naval and Marine Corps aviation movies. Prominent WW-II Grumman aircraft included the F4F Wildcat and F6F Hellcat fighters, and the TBF Avenger bomber, flown by hundreds of U.S. and Allied pilots, including former President George H.W. Bush. The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century. ... Bethpage is a hamlet and census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 16,543. ... The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The UKs Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft A marine corps (from French corps de marine) is a branch of a nations armed forces incorporating Marines, intended to be capable of mounting amphibious assaults using infantry, armour, aircraft, and watercraft. ... Top Gun is a 1986 American film directed by Tony Scott and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer in association with Paramount Pictures. ... F4F-3 Wildcat of Lt. ... The Grumman F6F Hellcat was a fighter plane descended from the earlier F4F Wildcat, but was a completely new design sharing only a familial resemblance to the Wildcat. ... Grumman TBF Avengers in 1942 The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) was an American torpedo bomber, developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and used by a large number of air forces around the world. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born June...


Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratories in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research. In recent decades companies such as Sperry Rand and Computer Associates, headquartered in Islandia, have made Long Island a center for the computer industry. Gentiva Health Services, a national provider of home health and pharmacy services, also is headquartered in Long Island. Stonybrook University of the New York state system conducts far-ranging medical and technology research. Long Island is also home to the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, which was directed for 35 years by James D. Watson (who co-discovered the double helix structure of DNA with Francis Crick). Aerial view of Brookhaven National Laboratory. ... Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom. ... The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... The American company Univac began as the business computer division of Remington Rand formed by the purchase of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (EMCC) in 1950. ... CA, Inc. ... Islandia is a village located in Suffolk County, New York. ... An American health care company, Gentiva Health Services is the largest provider of home health and specialty pharmaceutical services in the United States. ... The Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a research and educational institution, consisting of science laboratories located in Cold Spring Harbor, New York on Long Island, USA. The Laboratory has research programs focusing on cancer, neurobiology, plant genetics, genomics and bioinformatics, and has a broad educational mission, including the recently... For other people named James Watson, see James Watson (disambiguation). ... Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004), (Ph. ...


Tourism is a good part of the Long Island economy in certain regions. Tourism thrives primarily in the summer because of the natural beauty, parks and beaches in Long Island along with the warmer weather of summer. Regions of Long Island that are major tourist attractions include the North Fork on the east end of Suffolk County, known for fishing villages, quaint towns, ferries to Connecticut, and for world-famous wineries. The South Fork is known for similar features, including golf, equestrian, boating, surfing, and fine dining in the Hamptons and Montauk. The village of Patchogue has a fine theater, the Patchogue Theatre for the Performing Arts, which is the official home theater of the Atlantic Wind Symphony.


The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural. In the last 25 years, development of vineyards on the North Fork became a major new industry, replacing potato fields. Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year. Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Northport and Montauk. A common vineyard. ... A truck farm is a farm that grows market-garden produce (fruit and vegetables). ... Fishermen in the harbor of Kochi, India. ... Northport is a village in Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Montauk is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York on the South Shore of Long Island. ...


Long Island is home to the East Coast's largest industrial park, the Hauppauge Industrial Park. The park has over 1,300 companies employing more than 55,000 Long Islanders. Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The Hauppauge Industrial Association, which has a membership of approximately 1,000 companies throughout Long Island, is a grass-roots, pro-active 27- year old business organization that focuses on the economic health and well-being of its member companies and that of the entire Long Island business community. ...


Government and politics

Map of Long Island showing county and municipal boundaries.
Main article: Politics of Long Island

Nassau County and Suffolk County each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each. Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, such as district attorney, county clerk and county comptroller. The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council. Image File history File links Long_Island_US_map. ... Image File history File links Long_Island_US_map. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... A County Executive is the title assigned to a person hired to run the day to day operations of a county. ...


Brooklyn and Queens, on the other hand, do not have independent county governments. As boroughs of New York City, both have Borough Presidents, largely ceremonial offices with little political power. The shutdown of the city's Board of Estimate due to a Supreme Court decision's declaring it unconstitutional, led to a reorganization of the city government. This article is about the borough of New York City. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... Borough President is an elective office in New York City. ... The New York City Board of Estimate was a governmental body in New York City, responsible for budget and land-use decisions. ...


Two Indian reservations - Poospatuck Reservation and Shinnecock Reservation located in Suffolk County are the home of Native Americans. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin. This article is about Native Americans. ... Poospatuck Reservation is an Indian reservation located in Suffolk County, New York. ... Shinnecock Reservation is an Indian reservation located in Suffolk County, New York. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


Law enforcement and crime

See also: List of Long Island law enforcement agencies

In 2005, Forbes magazine listed Long Island as having 2,042 crimes per 100,000 residents; the lowest crime rate and less than half the US average [3]. The List of Long Island law enforcement agencies provides an inclusive list of law enforcement agencies serving New Yorks Long Island. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Long Island is patrolled by the New York City Police Department, Nassau County Police Department, Suffolk County Police Department, New York State Police and several dozen town and village police departments. NYPD redirects here. ... Shoulder patch of the NCPD. It features the arms of the Dutch royal House of Orange-Nassau, after which the county is named. ... The shoulder patch of the Suffolk County Police Department Suffolk County Police Department provides county police services to Suffolk County, New York. ... The New York State Police is the state police force of 4600 sworn Troopers for the state of New York. ...


Both Nassau and Suffolk have a sheriff's office that handles civil process, evictions, warrant service and enforcement, prisoner transport, courthouse security and detention, and operation of the county jail. The Nassau County Sheriff's Department employs about 1,000 correction officers and 100 deputy sheriffs and performs the above duties although deputy sheriffs have full police officer powers and can make arrests for any crime they come across. The Suffolk County Sheriff's Office has approximately 900 correction officers and 260 deputy sheriffs and operates the two jail facilities in Suffolk County. The deputy sheriffs in Suffolk County have a full service patrol unit, including K9, Aviation, SWAT, and Marine divisions as well as a Criminal Investigation Division and various other special details and assignments.


Nassau and Suffolk County are often noted for having some of the highest police officer salaries in the country. However, the fact that the employed corrections officers have not had a contract for nearly five years is a growing issue and an increasing problem as the cost of living continues to increase. The county jail in Nassau has been probed by the Federal government for prisoner abuses, including death.


Secession proposal

On March 28, 2008 Suffolk County, NY Comptroller Joseph Sawicki proposed a plan that would make Long Island the 51st state of the United States of America. Sawicki says that all the Long Island taxpayers' money would stay on Long Island and not all over the large state. The state of Long Island would include as many as 2.3 million people. If New York City and Westchester County were to be included in a new state together, the population would total over 9 million people, becoming the 10th most populated state in the US, ahead of Georgia and behind North Carolina. [12] A U.S. 51 star flag has been designed in case of a 51st state actually joining the United States. ...


Transportation

Main article: Transporation on Long Island

Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including John F. Kennedy International Airport, LaGuardia Airport, and Long Island MacArthur Airport, multiple smaller airports, railroads, subways, and several major highways. There are historic and modern bridges, recreational and commuter trails, and ferries as well. For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) (pronounced La-Gwardia) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... A Southwest Airlines 737 departing Runway 24. ...


The Long Island Expressway, Northern State Parkway, and Southern State Parkway, all products of the automobile-centered planning of Robert Moses, make east-west travel on the island straightforward, if not always quick. Indeed, locals refer to Long Island Expressway as "The World's Longest Parking Lot". The Long Island Expressway (LIE) is one of the interstate highways with the designation of Interstate 495. ... The Northern State Parkway is a limited-access parkway that runs for approximately 29 miles west-east across the north shore of New Yorks Long Island. ... The Southern State Parkway (also known as the Southern State or the Southern Parkway) is a long east-west limited-access highway on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ... This is about the urban planner; for other uses, see Robert Moses (disambiguation). ...


There are currently ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island. Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties have been discussed for decades, but there are currently no firm plans to construct such a crossing. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Long Island Crossing was a proposed idea to span the Long Island Sound and connect Long Island with Connecticut and/or Rhode Island. ...

Major roads of Long Island
West-East Roads

Merrick Road / Montauk Highway Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Merrick Road, named Merrick Boulevard inside New York City, is a road running from Jamaica, Queens, New York east through Merrick, New York to the line between Nassau and Suffolk Counties, where it becomes Montauk Highway. ... Montauk Highway is one of the original through highways of Long Island, New York, extending from Jamaica, Queens to Montauk Point, Long Island, a distance of approximately 100 miles (~160 km). ...


Sunrise Highway* Image File history File links NY-27. ... New York State Route 27 is a highway extending from Brooklyn to New York States eastern most point at Montauk Point State Park. ...


Belt Parkway / Southern State Parkway Image File history File links Belt_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Belt Parkway, or Belt System or Circumferential Parkway is a series of New York City limited-access highways that form a complete circle around the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens. ... Image File history File links Southern_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Southern State Parkway (also known as the Southern State or the Southern Parkway) is a long east-west limited-access highway on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ...


Hempstead Turnpike Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Junction Location Queens NY 25 I-295 Cross Island Parkway Nassau NY 102 Meadowbrook State Parkway NY 102 NY 106 Wantagh State Parkway NY 107 NY 135 Bethpage State Parkway NY 109 Suffolk NY 110 I-495 CR 104 Former NY 113 NY 27 Legend New York State Routes Current...


Grand Central Parkway / Northern State Parkway Image File history File links Download high resolution version (896x636, 11 KB) Summary A replica of the black-and-white road shield for New Yorks Grand Central Parkway. ... The Grand Central Parkway is a parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County in Long Island. ... Image File history File links Northern_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Northern State Parkway is a limited-access parkway that runs for approximately 29 miles west-east across the north shore of New Yorks Long Island. ...


Long Island Expressway Image File history File links I-495. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 495 Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495, better known as the Long Island Expressway or L.I.E.) is a 71. ...


Jericho Turnpike/Middle Country Road Image File history File links NY-25. ... New York State Route 25 is a major east-west road running from the Queensboro Bridge on the East River in Queens, New York City to the Orient Point Ferry terminal on the end of the North Fork of Long Island. ...


Northern Boulevard Image File history File links NY-25A.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Interstate 278 Interstate 495 (New York) Cross Island Parkway Interstate 295 (New York) Interstate 678 New York State Route 25A New York... New York State Route 25A is a New York State highway and the main East-West route for most of the North Shore of Long Island, New York running from the Queens-Midtown Tunnel at its Western terminus to Calverton at its Eastern end. ...

South-North Roads

Brooklyn-Queens Expressway Image File history File links I-278. ... On the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (I-278). ...


Van Wyck Expressway Image File history File links I-678. ... Interstate 678 (abbreviated I-678) is a north-south interstate highway spur route that runs 14 miles (23 km) entirely within two boroughs of New York City: Queens and the Bronx. ...


Cross Island Parkway Image File history File links Cross_Island_Pkwy_Shield. ... Cross Island Parkway is part of the Belt Parkway system that runs around the perimeter of Queens County in New York City. ...


Meadowbrook State Parkway Image File history File links Meadowbrook_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Meadowbrook State Parkway is a parkway in Nassau County, New York which runs 12. ...


Wantagh State Parkway Image File history File links Wantagh_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Wantagh State Parkway is a parkway on Long Island, New York that links the Ocean Parkway at Jones Beach State Park with the Northern State Parkway in Westbury. ...


Newbridge Road Image File history File links NY-106. ... Junction Location NY 105 Southern State Parkway NY 24 Wantagh State Parkway NY-107 Northern State Parkway Interstate 495 NY 25 NY-25A Legend New York State Routes Current - Deleted New York State Route 106 is a state highway in New York, running from NY 105 in North Bellmore to...


Cedar Swamp Road/Broadway Image File history File links NY-107. ... New York State Route 107 is a State Highway entirely in Nassau County in the State of New York. ...


Seaford-Oyster Bay Expressway Image File history File links NY-135. ... The Seaford Oyster Bay Expressway, or humorously abbreviated to SOB, is a six-lane expressway that connects Seaford with Syosset in Nassau County, New York. ...


Broad Hollow Road Image File history File links NY-110. ... This New York State route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject New York State routes. ...


Deer Park Avenue Image File history File links NY-231. ... New York State Route 231 is a four-lane highway in Suffolk County, New York, that runs from Babylon at NY 27A to Dix Hills at the intersection of Suffolk CR 35-CR 66 and Northern State Parkway at Exits 42 N-S. // [edit] Route description [edit] Babylon-Northport Expressway...


Robert Moses Causeway / Sagtikos State Parkway / Sunken Meadow State Parkway Image File history File links Robert_Moses_Cswy_Shield. ... Robert Moses Causeway is the parkway and bridges, originally known as the Captree Causeway that connects the mainland Long Island in West Islip, New York to the barrier beach islands such as Captree Island, Jones Beach Island, and the western tip of Fire Island. ... Image File history File links Sagtikos_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Sagtikos State Parkway is a 4. ... Image File history File links Sunken_Meadow_Pkwy_Shield. ... The Sunken Meadow State Parkway is a six mile north-south parkway on Long Island New York and part of New York State Reference Route 908K--the Sagtikos State Parkway is the other part. ...


Islip Avenue Image File history File links NY-111. ... New York State Route 111 is a New York state highway, running through the Towns of Islip and Smithtown, entirely in Suffolk County. ...


Nicolls Road Image File history File links Suffolk_County_Route_97_NY.svg‎ [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Interstate 495 (New York) New York State Route 25A New York State Route 25 New York State Route 27 Talk:New... This New York County Route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject New York County Routes. ...


William Floyd Parkway Image File history File links Suffolk_County_Route_46_NY.svg‎ [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Interstate 495 (New York) New York State Route 25A New York State Route 25 Talk:New York State Route 27 List... Suffolk County Road 46 is a major county road in eastern Suffolk County, New York. ...

Roads in boldface are limited access roads. *Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk county eastwards.

Rail

Main article: Long Island Rail Road

The Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad system in North America, carrying an average of 282,400 customers each weekday on 728 daily trains. Chartered on April 24, 1834, it is also the oldest railroad still operating under its original name.[4] LIRR redirects here. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Education

Primary and secondary education

Long Island's Nassau and Suffolk counties are home to 125 public school districts containing a total of 656 public schools. Long Island is renowned for the quality of its public schools, with many of its school districts ranking among the top in the nation. Long Island is also home to a number of private and parochial schools. List of school districts in New York State, USA. The New York State Education Department (NYSED) breaks the state into eight Higher Education Planning Regions: Central (Broome, Cayuga, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Madison, Onondaga, Oswego, Otsego, Tioga, Tompkins counties) Genesee Valley (Chemung, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne... Long Islands Nassau and Suffolk counties are home to 125 school districts containing a total of 656 public schools. ...


Colleges and universities

Nassau and Suffolk counties are home to numerous colleges and universities, including:


Public

Private Not to be confused with University of the State of New York. ... The State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNYSB), also known as Stony Brook University (SBU) is a public research university located in Stony Brook, New York (on the north side of Long Island, about 55 miles east of Manhattan, New York). ... Stony Brook Southampton logo Southampton College in May 2006 Northeast entrance to Southampton College in May 2006 before the signage was to change to SUNY. Stony Brook Southampton, is a liberal arts college in Southampton, New York that is affiliated with the State University of New York at Stony Brook. ... The State University of New York College at Old Westbury is a university college that is part of the State University of New York system. ... Farmingdale State College is a coeducational, public college with over 6,200 students pursuing degrees in one of 31 programs in the areas of business, applied arts and sciences, health sciences and engineering technologies. ... Nassau Community College is located in Garden City in Nassau County on Long Island. ... Suffolk County Community College (SCCC) is a two-year public college sponsored by SUNY and Suffolk County, New York in the USA. The college has four campuses: The main and oldest campus is in Selden, and the other three are in Brentwood, Riverhead and Sayville. ... The United States Merchant Marine Academy is one of the five United States service academies. ...

Adelphi University is a private, nonsectarian university located in Garden City, in Nassau County, New York. ... Briarcliffe College consists of a pair of for-profit career colleges in Bethpage and Patchogue on Long Island, New York. ... Dowling College is a private college on Long Island, New York, with more than 7,000 full-time and part-time undergraduate and graduate students through four schools: the School of Arts & Sciences, Townsend School of Business, School of Education and School of Aviation. ... Five Towns College is an institution of higher learning located in Dix Hills, Long Island, New York (USA). ... Hofstra University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational institution of higher learning located in Hempstead, Long Island, New York (USA) founded in 1935 on the basis of the estate of wealthy lumber magnate William Hofstra and widow Kate Davidson. ... Gibbs College is the name of some of the institutions of the Gibbs Division of the Career Education Corporation. ... Melville is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Huntington in Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, in the United States. ... Long Island University (LIU) is a private university located on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ... The C.W. Post Campus of Long Island University is a private institution of higher education located in Brookville in Nassau County, New York. ... Molloy College is located in Rockville Centre, New York in the USA, a community in Nassau County on Long Island. ... The New York Institute of Technology (also known as NYIT and New York Tech) is a private, co-educational college in New York in the USA. The college has three New York campuses, two on Long Island and one on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, as well as global... Polytechnic University (Brooklyn Poly, Poly, or Polytech), located in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City, is the United States second oldest private technological university, founded in 1854. ... St. ... St. ... Saint Josephs College, New York is a private Roman Catholic College in New York, with its main campus located in the borough of Brooklyn, and a branch campus located in Suffolk County, Patchogue, New York. ... Touro Law School or Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center was established in 1980 as part of Touro College, a private, coeducational institution based in New York City. ... Watson School of Biological Sciences The WSBS (Watson School of Biological Sciences) is a highly selective graduate school which opened in 1999. ... The Webb Institute is a specialized private college in Glen Cove, New York that has only one program, which is undergraduate. ...

Leisure and recreation

Resort areas

See also: List of Long Island recreational facilities

Fire Island National Seashore, which is a long barrier island off Long Island's South Shore, is a hot spot for tourists, especially during the summer. The Village of Ocean Beach is the most populous community on Fire Island. There are restrictions on automobile use and the island is not accessible by car (except for one small westerly portion), requiring passage by one of numerous ferries or other watercraft. Fire Island Fire Island is a barrier island, approximately 30 mi (48 km) long and 0. ... In geography, a bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Ocean Beach is a village located in Suffolk County, New York. ...


The Hamptons, in eastern Long Island's Suffolk County, is one of the area's most popular summer destinations. Parts of the Hamptons are well known for being a playground for the rich, and are frequented by residents of New York City during the summer months for weekend getaways. This has given rise to the terms "House in the Hamptons" or "Hamptons summer share." “Hamptons” redirects here. ...


The Garden City Hotel is near to several train stations, to the Roosevelt Field Mall, and to three golf courses. As well, Splish Splash, one of the world's leading water parks, can be found in Suffolk County. Garden City, New York is a village in central Nassau County, New York in the USA, which was founded by multi-millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart in 1869. ... Roosevelt Field Mall is the largest shopping mall in the state of New York as measured by gross leasable area at 2,189,941 sq. ... This section contains a list of trivia items. ...


Food

Both Nassau and Suffolk County are home to thousands of restaurants, many of them top quality. As New York is known as a melting pot, every kind of restaurant from Mexican to Hungarian to Indian to Bengali can be found. These specialty restaurants are often family owned.


Small family-owned pizzerias are ubiquitous. It is not uncommon for a town on Long Island to have several different pizzerias, each with its own distinct flavor. The Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off is annual competition where mom and pop pizzerias compete to be named best on Long Island. The Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off is an annual charity event that takes place on Long Island, New York. ...


Bagel stores and delis are also extremely common. Some bagel stores are Jewish owned and approved as kosher. Long Island bagels are considered some of the best in the world. Often more than one deli can be found in a town. For other uses, see Bagel (disambiguation). ...


Diners also abound on Long Island and many depending on the business of the town are open all night, for late night patrons.


Athletics

Long Island is home to numerous famous athletes, including hall of famers Jim Brown, Julius Erving, John Mackey and Carl Yastrzemski. Others include Jumbo Elliott, Boomer Esiason, Vinny Testaverde, Craig Biggio, Frank Catalanotto, Greg Sacks, Rob Burnett, Steve Park, Frank Viola, and Speedy Claxton. Jahwon is smart cute likes football and is good For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Julius Winfield Erving II (born February 22, 1950, raised in Roosevelt, New York), commonly known by the nickname Dr. J, is a former American basketball player who helped launch a modern style of play that emphasizes leaping and play above the rim. ... John Mackey can refer to: John Mackey an American football player John Mackey the CEO of Whole Foods Market This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Carl Yastrzemskis number 8 was retired by the Boston Red Sox in 1989 Carl Michael Yaz Yastrzemski (pronounced ), i. ... James (Jumbo) Elliott (August 8, 1915-March 22, 1981), track coach at Villanova University, is considered one of the greatest of all time, producing five gold medalists between the years of 1956-1968. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Vincent Frank Testaverde (born November 13, 1963 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American football quarterback for the National Football Leagues New England Patriots. ... Craig Alan Biggio (born December 14, 1965 in Smithtown, New York) is a former seven-time All-Star Major League baseball player who played his entire 20-year career with the Houston Astros. ... Frank John Catalanotto (pronounced Ca-ta-lan-na-toe) (born April 27, 1974 in Smithtown, New York) is actually a female from birth. ... Greg Sacks(born November 3, 1952, in Mattiuck, New York, is a NASCAR Nextel Cup Series driver. ... Robert Burnett was a defensive end in the NFL. Category: ... Steve Park is a Korean-American comedian. ... Frank John Viola, Jr. ... Craig Speedy Claxton (born May 8, 1978 in Hempstead, New York) is an American basketball player with the NBAs Atlanta Hawks. ...

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Long Island Rough Riders Soccer 1994 United Soccer Leagues Mitchel Athletic Complex
New York Islanders Hockey 1972 National Hockey League Nassau Coliseum
Long Island Lizards Lacrosse 2001 Major League Lacrosse Mitchel Athletic Complex
New York Titans Indoor lacrosse 2007 National Lacrosse League Nassau Coliseum/MSG
New York Dragons Arena Football 1995 Arena Football League Nassau Coliseum
Long Island Ducks Baseball 2000 Atlantic League Citibank Park
Strong Island Sound Basketball 2005 American Basketball Association Suffolk County Community College
New York Mets Baseball 1962 Major League Baseball Shea Stadium
Brooklyn Cyclones Baseball 1999 New York-Penn League KeySpan Park

Ebbets Field, which stood in Brooklyn from 1913 to 1957, was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers, who decamped to California after the 1957 season to become the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Dodgers won several National League penants in the 1940s and 1950s, losing several times in the World Series—often called Subway Series—to their Bronx rivals, the New York Yankees. The Dodgers won their lone championship in Brooklyn in the 1955 World Series versus the Yankees. The Brooklyn Nets Arena is a proposed sports arena, business and residential complex to be built partly on a platform over the Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue, and is intended to serve as a new home for the New Jersey Nets. The Long Island Rough Riders are an American professional soccer team, that play in the USL Second Division, the third level in the American soccer pyramid. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The United Soccer Leagues (USL) is directly affiliated with the United States Soccer Federation (USSF), United States Adult Soccer Association (USASA) and the Canadian Soccer Association (CSA). ... The Mitchel Athletic Complex is located in Uniondale, New York. ... The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in Uniondale, a hamlet located on Long Island in Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... NHL redirects here. ... Nassau Coliseum, officially known as Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (though colloquially referred to simply as The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, half an hour from New York City. ... The Long Island Lizards are a professional Lacrosse team based in Uniondale, New York. ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... Major League Lacrosse is a professional outdoor Lacrosse league that is made up of teams within the United States. ... The Mitchel Athletic Complex is located in Uniondale, New York. ... New York Titans is a professional lacrosse team in the National Lacrosse League scheduled to start playing in the 2007 season. ... Victoria Shamrocks vs Peterborough Lakers, Mann Cup 2005. ... NLL redirects here. ... Nassau Coliseum, officially known as Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (though colloquially referred to simply as The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, half an hour from New York City. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 1995 Home arena Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum City, State Uniondale, New York Head Coach Weylan Harding ArenaBowl championships none Conference titles none Division titles 8: 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005 Wild Card berths 3: 1995, 2001, 2006 The New York Dragons are... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Nassau Coliseum, officially known as Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (though colloquially referred to simply as The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, half an hour from New York City. ... The Long Island Ducks are an Atlantic League team based in Central Islip, New York. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Atlantic League has operated since 1998 The Atlantic League of Professional Baseball Clubs, Inc. ... Citibank Park is a stadium in Central Islip, New York. ... The American Basketball Association expansion team Strong Island Sound will play their home games at St. ... This article is about the sport. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... Suffolk County Community College (SCCC) is a two-year public college sponsored by SUNY and Suffolk County, New York in the USA. The college has four campuses: The main and oldest campus is in Selden, and the other three are in Brentwood, Riverhead and Sayville. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964-2008) Citi Field (2009- ) (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... William A. Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium, is an American baseball stadium in New York City. ... Class-Level A Minor League affiliations New York - Penn League McNamara Division Major League affiliations New York Mets Name St. ... This article is about the sport. ... The New York - Penn League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the northeastern United States. ... KeySpan Park is a minor league baseball stadium in the Coney Island section of Brooklyn, New York City. ... Ebbets Field was a Major League Baseball park located in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, New York. ... The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1890-1957. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... The program for the 1936 Subway Series. The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball games played between teams based in New York City. ... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The 1955 World Series matched the Brooklyn Dodgers against the New York Yankees, with the Dodgers winning the Series in 7 games to capture the first championship in franchise history. ... The Brooklyn Nets Arena is a proposed sports arena to be built partly on a platform over the Metropolitan Transportation Authority-owned Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... This articles sections 1 to 6. ... Atlantic Avenue is a street in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens in New York City. ... The New Jersey Nets are a professional basketball team based in East Rutherford, New Jersey. ...


The New York Mets play at Shea Stadium in Flushing in Queens. Plans have been announced for a new stadium, Citi Field in Willets Point in the parking lot of the current stadium, to be completed for the 2009 baseball season. The new stadium is designed with an exterior facade and main entry rotunda inspired by Ebbets Field. The Brooklyn Cyclones are a minor league baseball team, affiliated with the New York Mets. The Cyclones play at KeySpan Park just off the boardwalk on Coney Island. Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964-2008) Citi Field (2009- ) (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963... William A. Shea Municipal Stadium, usually shortened to Shea Stadium, is an American baseball stadium in New York City. ... Several landmarks from two New York Worlds Fairs still stand in Flushing Meadows, including the US Steel Unisphere Flushing is an urban neighborhood in the northern part of the borough of Queens in New York City, New York. ... Citi Field will be the new Major League Baseball stadium for the New York Mets that is being built in Willets Point in the New York City borough of Queens as a replacement for Shea Stadium, which was constructed in 1964 adjacent to the site of the 1964 Worlds... Willets Point [a misnomer], also known locally as the Iron Triangle is a neighborhood of Flushing, in Queens, New York City. ... Class-Level A Minor League affiliations New York - Penn League McNamara Division Major League affiliations New York Mets Name St. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... KeySpan Park is a minor league baseball stadium in the Coney Island section of Brooklyn, New York City. ... For other uses, see Coney Island (disambiguation). ...


Nassau County is home to the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League and the New York Dragons of the Arena Football League, who both play at the Nassau Coliseum in Uniondale. Long Island has been a hot spot for outdoor lacrosse at the youth and college level, which made way for a Major League Lacrosse team in 2001, the Long Island Lizards. The Lizards play at Mitchel Athletic Complex in Uniondale. The longest dirt Thoroughbred racecourse in the world is located in the Nassau County community of Elmont at Belmont Park. The New York Islanders are a professional ice hockey team based in Uniondale, a hamlet located on Long Island in Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, United States. ... NHL redirects here. ... Conference National Division Eastern Year founded 1995 Home arena Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum City, State Uniondale, New York Head Coach Weylan Harding ArenaBowl championships none Conference titles none Division titles 8: 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005 Wild Card berths 3: 1995, 2001, 2006 The New York Dragons are... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Nassau Coliseum, officially known as Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum (though colloquially referred to simply as The Coliseum), is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Uniondale, New York, half an hour from New York City. ... Looking east over Uniondale Uniondale is a hamlet (and census-designated place) as well as a suburb of New York City in Nassau County, New York, United States, on Long Island, in the Town of Hempstead. ... Major League Lacrosse is a professional outdoor Lacrosse league that is made up of teams within the United States. ... The Long Island Lizards are a professional Lacrosse team based in Uniondale, New York. ... The Mitchel Athletic Complex is located in Uniondale, New York. ... Looking east over Uniondale Uniondale is a hamlet (and census-designated place) as well as a suburb of New York City in Nassau County, New York, United States, on Long Island, in the Town of Hempstead. ... Elmont is a hamlet (and census-designated place) as well as suburb of New York City in Long Island, Nassau County, New York, in the Town of Hempstead. ... Belmont Park is a major thoroughbred horse-racing facility located in the hamlet of Elmont, New York in Nassau County on Long Island (just outside of New York City). ...


Long Island is also home to the Long Island Ducks minor league baseball team of the Atlantic League. Their stadium, Citibank Park, is located in Central Islip. The American Basketball Association's Strong Island Sound play home games at Suffolk County Community College. The two main rugby teams are the Long Island RFC in East Meadow and the Suffolk Bull Moose in Stony Brook. It also has a professional soccer club, the Long Island Rough Riders, who play at Mitchel Athletic Complex in Uniondale. The Rough Riders have won two national championships, in 1995 and 2002. The Long Island Ducks are an Atlantic League team based in Central Islip, New York. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Atlantic League has operated since 1998 The Atlantic League of Professional Baseball Clubs, Inc. ... Citibank Park is a stadium in Central Islip, New York. ... Central Islip (known colloquially as C.I.) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Suffolk County, New York, USA, and a hamlet of the Town of Islip. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The American Basketball Association expansion team Strong Island Sound will play their home games at St. ... Suffolk County Community College (SCCC) is a two-year public college sponsored by SUNY and Suffolk County, New York in the USA. The college has four campuses: The main and oldest campus is in Selden, and the other three are in Brentwood, Riverhead and Sayville. ... East Meadow is a hamlet (and census-designated place or CDP) in Nassau County (Long Island), New York, United States. ... Stony Brook is a hamlet (unincorporated community) (and census-designated place) located in the Town of Brookhaven in Suffolk County, New York. ... The Long Island Rough Riders are an American professional soccer team, that play in the USL Second Division, the third level in the American soccer pyramid. ... The Mitchel Athletic Complex is located in Uniondale, New York. ...


Another category of sporting events popular in this region are Firematic Racing events, involving many local Volunteer fire departments. Firematic (or Drill Team) Racing carries on a tradition as old as firefighting itself. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket, see V.F.D.. See also the Firefighter article and its respective sections regarding VFDs in other countries. ...


Music

Main article: Music and Long Island

Modern music has a long history on Long Island, as the island has long been part of US history and is near the most populous city in North America, yet is located in the suburbs and as such is strongly influenced by youth culture. Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the 1960s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time. R & B also has a history in Long Island, especially in Nassau County, where population is denser and more closely influenced by New York City (Queens and Brooklyn). “Suburbia” redirects here. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ...


Jones Beach State Park is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months at its outdoor venue. It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year, and the stands are filled. People park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches. Wantagh Parkway approach to Jones Beach. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ...


Long Island is also known for its schools' music programs. Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the state-wide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups. Both the Suffolk County and Nassau County Music Educator's Associations are both recognized by MENC, and host numerous events, competitions, and other music-related activities.


Long Island in popular culture

Books: Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby takes place on the North Shore of Long Island.
  • E.L. Doctorow's novel World's Fair was set at the 1939 fair in Queens.
  • Mary Gordon and Alice McDermott have written novels set in Irish-American Catholic culture of the urban and suburban areas of Long Island.
  • Chang Rae-Lee set his first novel Native Speaker (1995) in the Korean-American community in Queens. His third novel Aloft was set in suburban Long Island.
  • Fictional characters Joe & Frank Hardy, known as The Hardy Boys in the famous series of detective stories in both books and television, are from Bayport, Long Island.
  • The book Jaws originally took place in Long Island, with Amity being a town on it rather than its own island.

Film: Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... This article is about the novel. ... Edgar Lawrence Doctorow (born January 6, 1931, New York, New York) is a writer who has written several critically aclaimed novels that blend history and social criticism. ... Mary Catherine Gordon (born December 8, 1949) is an American writer, best known for her novels, memoirs and literary criticism. ... Alice McDermott (born June 27, 1953) is Johns Hopkins Universitys Writer-in-Residence. ... Chang-Rae Lee (born July 29, 1965) is a first-generation Korean American novelist. ... First language (native language, mother tongue) is the language a person learns first. ... For the professional wrestling tag team, see Hardy Boyz . ... Peter Bradford Benchley (May 8, 1940 – February 11, 2006) was an American author best known for writing the novel Jaws and co-writing the screenplay for its highly successful film adaptation. ...

  • Animal Crackers, the Marx Brothers's second hit movie, was set in a Long Island mansion.
  • Sabrina, with Audrey Hepburn and Humphrey Bogart, had scenes filmed in Glen Cove and Nassau County.
  • The 2001 independent film L.I.E. (Long Island Expressway), starring Paul Dano and Brian Cox, dealt with an adolescent boy struggling in his life.
  • The 2004 movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, starring Jim Carrey and Kate Winslet takes place on Long Island, specifically in Rockville Centre and Montauk.
  • The 2004 movie New York Minute, starring Mary Kate and Ashley Olsen, has characters who attend Syosset High School.
  • The 1959 movie North by Northwest, starring Cary Grant, has scenes filmed in Glen Cove, Nassau County.

Comics: Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ... Sabrina is a 1954 film directed by Billy Wilder, adapted for the screen by Wilder, Samuel Taylor, and Ernest Lehman from Taylors play Sabrina Fair (in the UK, the movie has the title Sabrina Fair). ... Audrey Hepburn (May 4, 1929) – January 20, 1993) was an Academy Award, Tony Award, Grammy Award, Emmy Award-winning film and stage actress, fashion icon, and humanitarian. ... Bogart redirects here. ... L.I.E. is an independent film, released in 2001, about a relationship between Howie, a 15-year-old boy, and a pederast known as Big John. The title is an acronym for the Long Island Expressway. ... Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is an Academy Award-winning 2004 American romance film by director Michel Gondry. ... New York minute may refer to any of these articles: New York minute (time), very short period of time New York minute (abuse), intensive verbal abuse New York Minute (movie) This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... North by Northwest (1959) is a comic thriller by Alfred Hitchcock produced at MGM. It was premiered in the San Sebastian International Film Festival. ...

  • At least three members of the superhero team the X-Men: Archangel (real name Warren Worthington and previously called Angel) is from Centerport; Iceman (real name Bobby Drake) from fictional Fort Washington (unrelated to real-world Port Washington); and Dazzler (real name Alison Blaire) from fictional Gardendale.
  • Siblings Susan Storm Richards (the Invisible Woman) and Johnny Storm (the Human Torch) of the superhero team the Fantastic Four lived in a fictional Long Island town, Glenville, early in their careers.
  • In the DC Comics universe, the 1970s Teen Titans superhero team was headquartered in a Farmingdale club named Gabriel's Horn. The writer of the series, a Farmingdale native, based it upon an insurance building which he could see from his bedroom window as a boy.[citation needed]

Television and stage: A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... This article is about the shared universe setting used by many Marvel Comics titles. ... For other uses, see Superhero (disambiguation). ... The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ... Archangel (Warren Worthington III), originally and still occasionally known as Angel, is a Marvel Comics superhero, best known as one of the founding members of the mutant super-team known as the X-Men. ... Centerport Harbor, November 2005 Centerport is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York on the notably affluent North Shore of Long Island. ... Iceman (Robert Bobby Louis Drake) is a fictional Marvel Comics superhero, a member of the X-Men. ... Port Washington is a hamlet and Census Designated Place in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Dazzler (Alison Blaire) is a Marvel Comics superheroine, associated with the X-Men. ... “Invisible Girl” redirects here. ... This article is about the Silver/Modern Age Human Torch, Johnny Storm. ... This article is about the superheroes. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Cover to the History of the DC Universe trade paperback. ... The Teen Titans, also known as “The New Teen Titans”, “New Titans”, or “The Titans”, a DC Comics superhero team. ... Farmingdale is a village in Nassau County, New York in the United States. ...

  • Fictional characters Ross and Monica Geller and Rachel Greene from Friends (NBC, 1994-2004), were from Long Island.
  • The fictional Seaver family e television show Growing Pains lived on Long Island.
  • The television series, Everybody Loves Raymond (CBS, 1996–2005) takes place in Lynbrook, Long Island.
  • In the Broadway musical "RENT", Maureen Johnson is said to be from Hicksville.

This article is about the television show. ... This article is about the television network. ... Everybody Loves Raymond is an American sitcom originally broadcast on CBS from 1996 to 2005. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Long Island
Look up Long Island in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This is a list of famous people from Nassau and Suffolk counties on Long Island. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... The geography and environment of New York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in a naturally sheltered harbor. ... LongIsland. ... Newsday is a daily tabloid-size newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the New York City metropolitan area. ... The Long Island Association is the largest and oldest group within the business lobby of Long Island, New York. ... Shoreham Nuclear, before going off-line The Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant was a General Electric boiling water reactor located in Wading River, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York, 60 miles east of Manhattan. ... The Long Island Marathon is an annual marathon foot-race run in Long Island, New York, USA. The 26. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c "Long Island". Encyclopædia Britannica (Britannica Concise). (2007). Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. 9370515. Retrieved on 2007-10-29. 
  2. ^ "Study: Property Taxes Sky-High in Metro Areas", WCBS, October 4, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-08-06. 
  3. ^ weather.com — Vulnerable Cities: Long Island. Retrieved on December 5, 2005.
  4. ^ The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), Year 2000 Report Churches were asked for their membership numbers. ARDA estimates that most of the churches not reporting were black Protestant congregations.
  5. ^ "OF INTEREST TO POLITICIANS.", The New York Times, 1894-09-13 (before vote), pp. p 9, 620 words. Retrieved on 2007-12-28. "The question of the Greater New-York, which is also to be submitted to the people at this coming election, involves the proposition to unite in one city the following cities, counties, and towns: New-York City, Long Island City, in Queens County; the County of Kings, (Brooklyn;) the County of Richmond, (S.I.;) the towns of Flushing, Newtown, Jamaica, in Queens County; the town of Westchester, in Westchester County, and all that portion of the towns of East Chester and Pelham which lies south of a straight line drawn from a point where the northerly line of the City of New-York meets the centre line of the Bronx River, to the middle of the channel between Hunter's and Glen Islands, in Long Island Sound, and that part of the town of Hempstead, in Queens County, which is westerly of a straight line drawn from the south-easterly point of the town of Flushing in a straight line to the Atlantic Ocean." 
  6. ^ "Vote for Greater New York", The New York Times, 1894-10-16 (before election). Retrieved on 2007-12-28. 
  7. ^ "NEW-YORK'S PLACE IN DANGER; CONSOLIDATION DEFEATED, SHE MUST YIELD TO CHICAGO.", The New York Times, 1894-11-04 (before election). Retrieved on 2007-12-28. 
  8. ^ "GREATER NEW-YORK IN DOUBT; THE CITY VOTE IS FOR IT AND BROOKLYN IS UNCERTAIN", NY Times, 1894-11-08 (before results of Queens vote known). Retrieved on 2007-12-28. "The increase in area and population that New-York will acquire if consolidation becomes a fact will become evident by a glance at the following table... Flushing... *Part of the town of Hempstead... Jamaica... Long Island City ... Newtown... The townships in Queens County that are to be included in the Greater New-York have not been heard from yet..." 
  9. ^ "REPORT FAVORS CONSOLIDATION.; An Argument Against the Claims of the Resubmissionists.", The New York Times, 1896-02-22, pp. Page 1, 5318 words. Retrieved on 2007-12-28. 
  10. ^ "THE EAST CITY LINE FIXED", The New York Times, 1899-02-12, pp. page 15, 1267 words. Retrieved on 2007-12-28. 
  11. ^ Geoffrey Mohan (Staff Writer) (2007). Nassau's Difficult Birth; Eastern factions of Queens win the fight to separate after six decades of wrangling. Newsday. Retrieved on 2007-12-31. “North Hempstead, Oyster Bay and the rest of Hempstead were excluded from the vote.”
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Main campus is in Queens, branch campus in Suffolk County St. John's University: Oakdale Campus

The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Discover Long Island | Long Island Convention & Visitors Bureau (581 words)
Long Island’s North Shore is a place rich in history dating back to the Revolutionary War when George Washington traveled from what is now the North Shore’s Northern Boulevard across Long Island to thank his spy ring.
Long Island’s Central Suffolk region is a contrast of environments featuring cliffs and rocky beaches at the edge of the Long Island Sound, a serene Peconic River, tranquil preserves and outstanding attractions.
The North Fork of Long Island is home to 30 wineries that offer their bounty to visitors amidst mile after mile of scenic farmland and quaint villages.
Long Island, Bahamas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (401 words)
Long Island is a sixty-mile (nearly 100km) long island in the Bahamas that is split by the Tropic of Cancer.
Long Island is one of the Districts of the Bahamas.
The population of Long Island is roughly 3,600 inhabitants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m