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Encyclopedia > London Stansted Airport
London Stansted Airport

IATA: STN – ICAO: EGSS
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator BAA
Serves London
Location Uttlesford
Elevation AMSL 348 ft / 106 m
Coordinates 51°53′06″N 000°14′06″E / 51.885, 0.235
Website www.stanstedairport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,048 10,000 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2006)
Aircraft Movements 206,693
Passengers 23,687,013
Source: United Kingdom AIP [1]

Statistics from the UK CAA[2] An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... BAA Limited is the owner and operator of seven British airports and the operator of several other airports worldwide, making the company one of the largest transport companies in the world. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The term asphalt is often used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete. ... Aeronautical Information Publication (or AIP) is defined by ICAO as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation. ...

London Stansted Airport (IATA: STN, ICAO: EGSS) is a large passenger airport located in the Uttlesford District of the English county of Essex about 30 miles (48 km) north-east of London. It is about 2 miles (3 km) outside Bishop's Stortford and 6 miles (10 km) outside Harlow. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Bishops Stortford is a market town in east Hertfordshire, England, just touching the county boundary with Essex. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ...


Stansted is a hub for a number of major European low-cost carriers. It is the third busiest airport in the United Kingdom and is the third largest airport serving the London area after Heathrow and Gatwick; and is one of London's five international airports along with Luton and London City Airports. Stansted is owned and operated by BAA, which also owns and operates six other UK airports[3], including Heathrow and Gatwick, and is itself owned by an international consortium led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group.[4] A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ... Queue of aircraft for take-off at the UKs, Europes and the Worlds busiest international airport - London Heathrow BAA owns 7 UK Airports, operates 8 Overseas Airports and runs 3 US Airports Retail industry Heathrow Terminal 5 under construction in July 2005 The tables below contain available... Heathrow redirects here. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. ... London Luton Airport (IATA: LTN, ICAO: EGGW) (previously called Luton International Airport)[3] is an international airport located on the edge of the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England approximately north of London. ... London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ... BAA Limited is the owner and operator of seven British airports and the operator of several other airports worldwide, making the company one of the largest transport companies in the world. ... Ferrovial Group (Grupo Ferrovial) is a Spanish company involved in construction, infrastructure, real estate and related services. ...

Contents

Overview

The Interior of Stansted Airport
The Interior of Stansted Airport

Stansted Airport has one main passenger terminal, a private aircraft terminal and a cargo station. There are three passenger satellites in which the departure gates are situated, two connected to the main terminal by an air-bridge and the other by a transit system. The terminal facilities include several bureau de change, left luggage service, several shops, restaurants and bars as well as internet access. Car hire and taxis can also be arranged from within the terminal building. The terminal building was designed by Foster Associates and features a "floating" roof, supported by a space frame of inverted-pyramid roof trusses, creating the impression of a stylised swan in flight. The base of each truss structure is a "utility pillar", which provides indirect uplighting illumination and is the location for air-conditioning and water, telecommunications, and electrical outlets. The layout of the airport is designed to provide an unobstructed flow for passengers to arrive at the short-stay car park, move through the check-in hall, go through security, and on to the departure gates all on the same level. However, the airport has never catered for spectators or those wishing to watch friends depart because of the current security restrictions put in place by the Government. Sir Norman Fosters terminal building at London Stansted Airport. ... Sir Norman Fosters terminal building at London Stansted Airport. ... A bureau de change is an organisation or facility which allows customers to exchange one currency for another. ... 30 St Mary Axe, one of Londons most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. ... -1... The term air conditioning refers to the cooling and dehumidification of indoor air for thermal comfort. ...


In the ten years to 2007 Stansted saw rapid expansion of passenger numbers on the back of the boom in low cost air travel, peaking at 24 million passengers in the 12 months to October 2007. Since then passenger numbers have been in decline, due partly to rising fares and the lower value of Sterling, and perhaps also influenced by growing awareness of the detrimental impact that aviation has on climate change.[citation needed]


Ground transportation

Stansted Airport train station linking London, Cambridge, Peterborough, Leicester and Birmingham with the Airport.
Stansted Airport train station linking London, Cambridge, Peterborough, Leicester and Birmingham with the Airport.
A Terravision coach on the service to London.
A Terravision coach on the service to London.

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Trains

Stansted has a railway station below the terminal building, with rail services to Cambridge, Leicester and the Midlands every 60 minutes operated by CrossCountry. The Stansted Express train runs to and from Liverpool Street station in London every 15 minutes and the journey time is 45 minutes. Stansted Airport railway station serves London Stansted Airport in Essex, England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about CrossCountry trains. ... Stansted Express is the direct train service linking central London (Liverpool Street station) to Stansted Airport, one of Londons major air hubs. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Coaches

Scheduled express bus or coach services run to and from Stratford, Victoria Coach Station, Liverpool Street Station and Golders Green (all in London), costing half as much as the train but taking longer (ca. 80 - 130 minutes). The bus/coach station is adjacent to the terminal building. National Express runs scheduled but infrequent direct coach services to the airport from Oxford as service JL737, taking about three hours, and hourly services to and from Cambridge. easyBus and Terravision provide journeys between the airport and Central London. , Stratford, historically Stratford Langthorne, is a place in the London Borough of Newham in East London. ... Victoria Coach Station is the largest and most significant coach station in London, and is operated by Victoria Coach Station Ltd. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... , Golders Green is an area in the London Borough of Barnet in London, England. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... easyBus is intercity express coach operator in the United Kingdom. ...


Roads

Stansted is connected to northeast London and Cambridge by the M11 motorway and to Colchester and Harwich by the A120 dual-carriageway. The access from the motorway has recently been improved with a new grade-separated junction. The long term car park is situated about a mile from the terminal and passengers need to allow at least twenty minutes to park and use a courtesy bus shuttle service prior to check-in. There are short term car parks next to the terminal building. This page is about the M11 motorway in England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... Arms of Harwich Town Council Harwich (IPA, /hɑːˈɹɪtʃ/) is a town in Essex, England, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east. ...


Proposed expansion

The lawn in front of Stansted Airport, which has now been paved
The lawn in front of Stansted Airport, which has now been paved

The airport capacity is limited to a maximum throughput of 25 million passengers per annum (25mppa) in accordance with recommendations made by the public inquiry in 1984 and confirmed by the Government of the day. In November 2006 Uttlesford district council rejected a BAA planning application to increase the permitted number of aircraft movements and to remove the limit on passenger numbers. Rejection was on a number of grounds. BAA immediately appealed against the decision and a public inquiry considered this from May to October 2007. Planning Inspector Alan Boyland made his recommendation in January 2008. This is being considered by two Government ministers who will take the final decision. They are the Secretary of State for Transport (Ruth Kelly) and the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (Hazel Blears). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2608x1952, 1447 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2608x1952, 1447 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... BAA Limited is the owner and operator of seven British airports and the operator of several other airports worldwide, making the company one of the largest transport companies in the world. ...


On 11 March 2008 BAA submitted a planning application for the construction of a second runway and terminal, in line with a recommendation in the 2003 Air Transport White Paper. This will be the subject of another public inquiry, but if approved the second runway is expected to open in 2015 and will allow Stansted to handle more passengers than Heathrow does today.[5] is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... For the video game developer, see 2015, Inc. ...


The proposed expansion came into conflict with the listed building rules when it emerged that 18 listed buildings would need to be demolished.[6] The Forth Bridge, designed by Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Fowler, opened in 1890, and now owned by Network Rail, is designated as a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland. ...


In April 2007, a major expansion program to the existing terminal began. Works to add nearly 5,900 square metres of floorspace are underway and are designed to give space for additional baggage carousels, a new immigration and passport control hall and a hypostyle arrivals hall with improved facilities. In architecture, a hypostyle hall has a flat ceiling which is supported by columns, as in the Hall of Columns at Karnak. ...


Stop Stansted Expansion

Stop Stansted Expansion [SSE] is a campaign group opposed to unsustainable expansion of Stansted Airport. Its objective is: "To contain the development of Stansted Airport within tight limits that are truly sustainable and, in this way, to protect the quality of life of residents over wide areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Suffolk, to preserve our heritage and to protect the natural environment." The campaign group has over 6,000 individual members and has the support of more than 100 local authorities and other organisations. SSE has been fighting airport expansion by legal means since 2002, when a Department for Transport consultation suggested that Stansted could expand to up to 4 runways. In 2004/2005, SSE mounted a High Court challenge to the government White Paper on aviation transport policy and, although it did not manage to overturn the paper, the judge deemed that the wide-spaced runway option presented as the preferred option in the document was "a bridge too far" and a matter that should be decided through the normal planning procedures. The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ... Quality of life is the degree of well-being felt by an individual or group of people. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... Cultural heritage (national heritage or just heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... A white paper is an authoritative report. ...


Airlines and destinations

View of the apron at Stansted Airport. Channel Express (now Jet2.com), Air Berlin, and TUI jets can be seen
View of the apron at Stansted Airport. Channel Express (now Jet2.com), Air Berlin, and TUI jets can be seen

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 747 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): London Stansted Airport Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 747 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): London Stansted Airport Metadata This file...

Scheduled services

  • Aegean Airlines (Athens)
  • airberlin (Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hanover, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nürnberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt)
  • Air Malta (Malta)
  • Air Moldova (Chisinau)
  • American Airlines (New York-JFK) [ends 2 July]
  • Atlantic Airways (Shetland Islands [ends 29 August], Faroe Islands)
  • Aurigny Air Services (Guernsey)
  • Albanian Airlines (Tirana)
  • Blue Air (Bucharest-Băneasa)
  • Cyprus Airways (Larnaca, Paphos)
  • Cyprus Turkish Airlines (Ercan, Dalaman, Gazientep, Izmir)
  • easyJet (Alicante, Almeria, Asturias, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast-International, Bilbao, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Faro, Funchal, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Ibiza, Ljubljana, Lyon, Málaga, Munich, Naples, Newcastle, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Tallinn, Valencia)
  • Eastern Airways (Manchester)
  • El Al Israel Airlines (Tel Aviv)
  • FlyLal (Vilnius)
  • Germanwings (Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart)
  • Iceland Express (Reykjavík-Keflavik)
  • Norwegian Air Shuttle (Oslo-Gardermoen, Oslo-Rygge, Trondheim, Tromsø, Bergen)
  • Pegasus Airlines (Ercan/Lefkoşa via Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen)
  • Ryanair (Aarhus, Alghero, Alicante, Almeria, Altenburg, Ancona, Angouleme, Balaton, Bari, Belfast-City, Bergerac, Berlin-Schönefeld, Béziers [begins 19 July], Biarritz, Billund, Bratislava, Bremen, Brescia, Brindisi, Brno, Bydgoszcz, Carcassonne, Cork, Derry, Dinard, Dublin, Eindhoven, Faro, Forli, Frankfurt-Hahn, Friedrichshafen, Gdańsk, Genoa, Girona, Glasgow-Prestwick, Gothenburg-City, Granada, Graz, Grenoble, Haugesund, Jerez, Karlsruhe, Kaunas, Kerry, Klagenfurt, Knock, Kraków, La Rochelle, Limoges, Linz, Łódź, Lübeck, Maribor, Marseille, Milan-Bergamo, Montpellier, Murcia, Nantes, Newquay, Oslo-Torp, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Parma, Pau, Perpignan, Perugia, Pescara, Pisa, Poitiers, Porto, Poznan, Pula, Reus, Riga, Rimini [begins 17 June], Rodez-Marcillac, Rome-Ciampino, Rzeszów, Salzburg, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Shannon, Stockholm-Skavsta, Stockholm-Vasteras, Szczecin, Tampere, Toulon, Tours, Trieste, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice-Treviso, Weeze, Wrocław, Zadar, Zaragoza, Zweibrücken [begins 28 October])
  • TACV Cabo Verde Airlines (Praia, Sal)
  • Turkish Airlines (Ercan/Lefkoşa via Istanbul-Atatürk)
  • Wizz Air (Katowice)

Aegean Airlines is the second largest Greek airline based in Athens. ... Air Malta is the national airline of Malta, based in Luqa. ... Air Moldova is an airline based in ChiÅŸinău, Moldova. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... Atlantic Airways is the national airline of the Faroe Islands, operating domestic and international air services from its base at Vágar Airport, on the Faroese island of Vágar. ... Aurigny Air Services Limited is an airline based in Guernsey, Channel Islands and wholly owned by the States of Guernsey. ... Albanian Airlines MAK Sh. ... Blue Air is a low-cost airline based in Bucharest, Romania that started operation in 2004. ... Cyprus Airways (Greek: Κυπριακές Αερογραμμές, Kipriakes Aerogrammes Turkish: Kıbrıs Hava Yolları ) is the national airline of Cyprus, based in Nicosia. ... KTHY Boeing 737-800 Kıbrıs Türk Hava Yolları (KTHY) is an airline based in Nicosia, Northern Cyprus. ... EasyJet (LSE: EZJ), styled as easyJet, is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... Eastern Airways is an airline based at Humberside International Airport, United Kingdom. ... El Al Boeing 777-200ER El Al Israel Airlines (‎, skyward) (TASE: ELAL) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Israel. ... FlyLAL (also known as Lithuanian Airlines and LAL) is the national airline of Lithuania based in Vilnius. ... Germanwings is a low-cost airline based in Cologne and Bonn, Germany. ... Iceland Express is a low-fare airline based in Reykjavík, Iceland. ... Norwegian Air Shuttle (OSE: NAS) is a Norwegian low-cost airline, with headquarters at Fornebu outside Oslo and its main base at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen. ... Pegasus Airlines (Pegasus Hava Tasimaciligi AS) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... For the unrelated U.S. carrier, see Ryan International Airlines. ... TACV Cabo Verde Airlines is a scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo airline based in Cabo Verde. ... Turkish Airlines, Inc. ... Wizz Air is a Polish/Hungarian low-cost airline focusing on the markets of Central Europe. ...

Charter operators

Air Europa Boeing 737-800 landing Boeing 737-85P at Madrid Barajas International Airport Air Europa Líneas Aéreas, S.A. is an airline based in Palma, Majorca, Spain. ... Air Southwest is an airline based at Plymouth City Airport, Plymouth, England. ... BH Air (Balkan Holidays Airlines) is a charter airline based in Sofia, Bulgaria. ... Darwin Airline is a regional airline based in Lugano, Switzerland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with European Aviation Air Charter. ... Airbus A320 at Manchester Airport Airbus A321 with the previous air2000 titles. ... Iberworld Airlines is an airline based in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. ... Israir Airlines is a private airline based in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... Jet2. ... Boeing 757-200 in the old livery, Alicante Airport, Spain. ... Nouvelair Airbus A321 Nouvelair is an airline based in Monastir in Tunisia. ... Onur Air (Onur Air Taşımacılık AŞ) is an airline based in İstanbul, Turkey. ... Pegasus Airlines (Pegasus Hava Tasimaciligi AS) is an airline based in Istanbul, Turkey. ... Skyways Express is an airline based in Linköping, Sweden operating regional and domestic scheduled services. ... Spanair S.A. (IATA: JK, ICAO: JKK, and Callsign: Spanair), is an airline based in Palma, Mallorca, Spain. ... Thomas Cook Airlines Boeing 757-200 series at Glasgow International Airport July 2006. ... Britannia Airways Boeing 757-200 (2003) Thomsonfly is a British airline owned by the TUI Group. ... Titan Airways is an airline based in Stansted, United Kingdom. ... Boeing 767 Air Malta Airbus A320-200, operated on behalf of XL Boeing 737-400 (in old livery) takes off Boeing 737-800 in current livery XL Airways is a British charter and scheduled airline with headquarters in Crawley, West Sussex, near London Gatwick Airport. ...

Cargo airlines

Air Contractors ATR-72 Air Contractors is a freight airline based in Dublin, Ireland. ... A wet lease is any leasing arrangement whereby a company agrees to provide an aircraft and at least one pilot to another company. ... Federal Express redirects here. ... Asiana Airlines HL7414 in Frankfurt, Germany Asiana Airlines (KOSDAQ: 020560) is one of South Koreas two major airlines. ... BAC Express Airlines is a cargo airline based at Horley, United Kingdom. ... Coyne Airways is an airline based in London, United Kingdom. ... FedEx Express is a cargo airline based in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. It is the worlds largest airline in terms of aircraft, operating 671 planes. ... Global Supply Systems is a UK cargo airline based at London Stansted Airport. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Jet2. ... Martinair aircraft at Amsterdam (Schiphol) Airport, the Netherlands (two McDonnell Douglas MD-11 and a Boeing 747) Martinair is both a charter and scheduled airline based in the Netherlands, with daily passenger or cargo charter and regular flights to many destinations around the world from its main base of Schiphol... Royal Jordanian started operations in 1963 after a decree by His Royal Highness the late King Hussein. ... UPS Airlines is a worldwide cargo airline owned by United Parcel Service Inc. ...

History

World War II

During World War II Stansted Mountfitchet Airfield was used by the Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Force as a bomber airfield and as a major maintenance depot. Although the official name was Stansted Mountfitchet, the base was known as simply Stansted in both written and spoken form. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... RAF redirects here. ... The United States Army Air Forces, or USAAF, was a part of the U.S. military during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ...


The station was first allocated to the USAAF Eighth Air Force in August 1942 as a bomber airfield. Its USAAF Station Code was 169. Later, in October Stansted was selected to be an advanced air depot for the 9th Air Force Martin B-26 Marauder medium bombers. Construction was carried out by the United States Army 817th, 825th and 850th Engineering Battalions, completing the airfield by mid-1943. The Eighth Air Force is a numbered air force (NAF) of the major command (MAJCOM) of Air Combat Command of the United States Air Force and it is headquartered at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana. ...


344th Bombardment Group

Stansted was officially opened on 7 August 1943 when the 30th Air Depot Group took up residence. The airfield was officially transferred to the Ninth Air Force on 16 October is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ninth Air Force is a Numbered Air Force in Air Combat Command (ACC). ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 344th Bombardment Group arrived at Stansted on 8 February 1944, from Hunter AAF, Georgia flying the twin-engine Martin B-26 Marauder. Its operational squadrons and fuselage codes were: is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hunter Army Airfield (IATA: SVN, ICAO: KSVN), along with Fort Stewart, is a military complex located near Savannah, Georgia, United States. ... Martin B-26 Marauder See A-26 Invader for the plane known as the B-26 from 1948 to 1962. ...

  • 494th Bombardment Squadron (K9)
  • 495th Bombardment Squadron (Y5)
  • 496th Bombardment Squadron (N3)
  • 497st Bombardment Squadron (7I)
Unidentified B-26 of the 344th Bomb Group at Stansted, 1944.
Unidentified B-26 of the 344th Bomb Group at Stansted, 1944.
Martin B-26G-1-MA Marauder serial 43-34181 of the 495th Bomb Squadron preparing to take off at Stansted Airfield, 1944. This aircraft is the Lak-a-Nookie, piloted by Charles E. (Chuck) Mininan.
Martin B-26G-1-MA Marauder serial 43-34181 of the 495th Bomb Squadron preparing to take off at Stansted Airfield, 1944. This aircraft is the Lak-a-Nookie, piloted by Charles E. (Chuck) Mininan.

The 344th BG began operations in March 1944, attacking airfields, missile sites, marshaling yards, submarine shelters, coastal defenses, and other targets in German-occupied France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Beginning in May, the 344th helped prepare for the Normandy invasion by striking vital bridges in France. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 535 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) B-26 of the 344th Bomb Group, Stanstead Airfield England - World War II Source: USAF Photo from the United States Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 535 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) B-26 of the 344th Bomb Group, Stanstead Airfield England - World War II Source: USAF Photo from the United States Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 305 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 305 pixel, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) B-26 Serial 43-34181 of the 495th Bomb Squadron, Stanstead Airfield England - World War II Source: USAF Photo from the United States Air Force Historical... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 305 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 305 pixel, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) B-26 Serial 43-34181 of the 495th Bomb Squadron, Stanstead Airfield England - World War II Source: USAF Photo from the United States Air Force Historical... Belligerents Western Allies Nazi Germany Commanders Dwight Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander) Arthur Tedder (Deputy Supreme Allied Commander) Bernard Montgomery (Ground Forces Commander in Chief) Trafford Leigh-Mallory (Air Commander in Chief) Bertram Ramsay (Naval Commander in Chief) Gerd von Rundstedt (OB WEST) Erwin Rommel (Heeresgruppe B) Strength 1,452,000...


The 344th Bombardment Group was selected to lead the IX Bomber Command formations on D-Day, with the first aircraft taking off at 04:12 hours, attacking coastal batteries at Cherbourg, and during the remainder of June, it supported the drive that resulted in the seizure of the Cotentin Peninsula. Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Cherbourg is a city of Normandy, in northwestern France, in the Manche département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... The Cotentin Peninsula juts out into the English Channel from Normandy towards England, forming part of the north-west coast of France. ...


The unit also defended positions to assist British forces in the area of Caen and received a Distinguished Unit Citation for a three-day action against the enemy in late July when the group struck troop concentrations, supply dumps, a bridge, and a railroad viaduct to assist advancing ground forces at St Lo. , Caen (pronounced ) is a commune of northwestern France. ... USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941... Saint-Lô is a town and commune of France, the préfecture (capital) of the Manche département, in Normandy. ...


Another action of the 344th was to knock out bridges to hinder the German Army's withdrawal through the Falaise gap, and bombed vessels and strong points at Brest during August and September. During World War II, the Falaise pocket (also known as the Chambois pocket, Chambois-Montcormel pocket, Falaise-Chambois pocket) was the area between the four cities of Trun-Argentan-Vimoutiers-Chambois near Falaise, France, in which United States 12th Army Group encircled and destroyed the German Seventh Army. ... Brest is a city in Brittany, or the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ...


On 30 September the 344th moved to their Advanced Landing Ground at Cormeilles-en-Vexin, France, France (A-59). While at Stansted the group flew over 100 missions, and lost 26 aircraft in combat. is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On the continent, the 344th BG used the following Advanced Landing Grounds:

  • A-59 Cormeilles-en-Vexin France 30 September 1944
  • A-78 Florences/Juzaine Belgium 5 April 1945

After V-E Day the group moved to Schleissheim, Germany for occupation duty and began training with Douglas A-26 Invaders, but continued to use B-26 aircraft. It was transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the United States on 15 February 1946 where it was inactivated. Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day) was May 8, 1945, the date when the Allies during the Second World War formally celebrated the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitlers Reich. ... First flown in 1942, the American Douglas A-26 Invader (after 1948, the B-26, and after 1966, the A-26A) was a twin-engined light attack bomber aircraft built during World War II and seeing service during the Cold Wars major conflicts. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


2d Tactical Air Depot

As well as being an operational bomber base, Stansted airfield was a maintenance and supply depot, concerned with major overhauls and modification of B-26s. After D-Day, these activities were transferred to France, but the base was still used as a supply storage area for the support of aircraft on the continent.


It is interesting to note that there are still many World War II Nissen Huts in use at Stansted today, albeit for various non-military purposes.


Postwar use

After the withdrawal of the Americans on 12 August 1945, Stansted was taken over by the Air Ministry and used by No. 263 Maintenance Unit, RAF for storage purposes. In addition, between March 1946 and August 1947, Stansted was used for housing German POWs. The Ministry of Civil Aviation finally took control of Stansted in 1949, but the US military returned in 1954 to extend the runway for a possible transfer to NATO. The transfer to NATO was never realised, however, and the airport returned to civil use in 1957, ending up under BAA control in 1966. is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... BAA Limited is the owner and operator of seven British airports and the operator of several other airports worldwide, making the company one of the largest transport companies in the world. ...


During the 60s, 70s and early 80s the Fire Service Training School (FSTS) was based on the Eastern side of the Airfield under the auspices of the Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation, now the Civil Aviation Authority. The School was responsible for the training of all Aviation Fire Crews for UK Airfields as well as for many overseas countries.


Commercial operations

Beginning in 1966, after Stansted was placed under BAA control, it was used by holiday charter operators wishing to escape the higher costs associated with operating from Heathrow and Gatwick. From the outset, however, BAA and the British government planned to develop Stansted into London's third airport, to relieve Heathrow and Gatwick of excess congestion in the future. The airport's first terminal building opened in 1969 and was expanded the next year to handle the growing number of passengers.


In 1984, the government approved a plan to develop Stansted in two phases, involving both airfield and terminal improvements that would increase the airport's capacity to 15 million passengers per year. Construction of the current terminal building began in 1988 and was completed in March 1991, and was designed by the internationally acclaimed Sir Norman Foster. The Armadillo, Sir Norman Fosters Clyde Auditorium in Glasgow Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank OM Kt (born June 1, 1935) is a British architect. ...


Long-haul scheduled services became reality in the early 1990s when American Airlines operated a transatlantic service between Stansted and Chicago. This was unprofitable and was withdrawn, however, in a similar fashion to the Continental Airlines service between Stansted and Newark, New Jersey using a Boeing 757-200, which was withdrawn shortly after September 11, 2001. The first long-haul scheduled service which has lasted at Stansted has been that offered by Israeli airline El Al Israel Airlines between Stansted and Tel Aviv, following an excess of demand for its flights at Heathrow. This was followed by another Israel airline, Israir Airlines. American Airlines, Inc. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... El Al Boeing 777-200ER El Al Israel Airlines (‎, skyward) (TASE: ELAL) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Israel. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... The State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, transliteration: ; Arabic: دَوْلَةْ اِسْرَائِيل, transliteration: ) is a country in the Middle East on the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Israir Boeing 757 at Ben Gurion Airport Israir Airlines is an airline based in Tel Aviv, Israel. ...


Long-haul services to the USA returned in late 2005, when Eos Airlines and MAXjet Airways commenced all business class services from Stansted to New York-JFK, with EOS using a Boeing 757-200 and MAXjet using a 767-200. In 2006, MAXjet expanded their service with flights to Washington DC and Las Vegas, and Los Angeles. MAXjet Airways ceased operations on December 24, 2007 leaving Eos Airlines and American Airlines the only long haul carriers at Stansted. However, as of April 26, 2008, EOS announced that it was filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and would therefore cease all operations, including that from Stansted, effective April 27, 2008. Eos Airlines is an airline based in New York, USA. It operates all-business class services with a higher level of comfort than the major transatlantic carriers business class and at fares lower than the majors published business class tariffs. ... MAXjet Airways is a United States-based all-business class, low fare transatlantic airline serving Londons Stansted Airport. ... MAXjet Airways is a United States-based all-business class, low fare transatlantic airline serving Londons Stansted Airport. ... Eos Airlines is an airline based in New York, USA. It operates all-business class services with a higher level of comfort than the major transatlantic carriers business class and at fares lower than the majors published business class tariffs. ... American Airlines, Inc. ...


American Airlines began service to Stansted in October, 2007 to New York-JFK airport and is expected to operate a second daily flight in April 2008. However in May 2008 it was reported that American Airlines are withdrawing all services from July; spelling the end of Stansted transatlantic passenger operations. American Airlines, Inc. ... American Airlines, Inc. ...


Incidents and accidents

Stansted has been designated by the UK Government as its preferred airport for any hijacked planes requesting to land in the UK. This is because its design allows a hijacked airliner to be isolated well away from any terminal buildings or runways, allowing the airport to continue to operate while negotiations are carried out, or even while an assault or rescue mission is undertaken. Staff at the airport receive special training for dealing with hijack situations.[7] For this reason Stansted has been involved in more hijack incidents than might be expected for an airport of its size.

  • On 31 March 1998 a chartered Hawker Siddeley HS-748 turbo prop (owned by Emerald Airways), carrying the Leeds United football team, suffered an engine explosion on take off resulting in an emergency landing and evacuation. All onboard survived, with only a few suffering minor injuries.[8]
  • On the 22 December 1999, Korean Air Cargo flight 8509, a Boeing 747, crashed shortly after take off from the air field due to pilot error. The only people onboard at the time were the aircrew and all four were killed. The aircraft crashed in Hatfield Forest near the village of Great Hallingbury.
  • 27 February 2002 - Ryanair Boeing 737-800 aircraft operating Ryanair Flight 296 from Dublin to Stansted caught fire shortly after landing. Subsequent investigations found that although the aircraft was fully evacuated within 90 seconds, the air crew struggled to open the emergency doors, and some passengers were initially evacuated towards the fire. The UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch recommended changes to training procedures for air-crew to allow better handling of similar situations in future.[9]
  • On 6 February 2000 an Ariana Afghan Airlines Boeing 727 with 156 people on board was hijacked and flown to Stansted Airport. After a four-day stand-off the hostages on board were safely freed and the incident ended peacefully. It later emerged that the motive behind the hijack was to gain asylum in the UK, sparking debate about immigration into the country. A large number of passengers on board the plane also applied for asylum.[10]
In July 2004, it was reported that a number of hijackers had won their bid for asylum in the UK, their convictions for hijacking having been quashed for misdirection of the jury in 2003.[11]

is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Hawker-Ciggerley was a group of UK aircraft manufacturing companies formed as a result of the merger of Hawker Aircraft with Armstrong Siddeley. ... A diagram showing how a turboprop works. ... Emerald Airways was an airline based in Liverpool, United Kingdom. ... Leeds United F.C. is the only professional association football club in Leeds. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Korean Air Boeing 747 Korean Air Boeing 747 Korean Air (Korean hangul: 대한 í•­ê³µ; hanja: 大韓航空; revised: Daehan Hanggong; McCune-Reischauer: Taehan Hanggong) KSE: 003490 is the largest airline based in Korea. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... For the unrelated U.S. carrier, see Ryan International Airlines. ... The Boeing 737 is a short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... Ryanair Flight 296 is a flight between Dublin International Airport and London Stansted Airport, Essex. ... Private spiral ramp access to the main terminal building of Dublin (Áth Cliath) Airport Dublin Airport (IATA: DUB, ICAO: EIDW), or Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath in Irish, is operated by the Dublin Airport Authority plc. ... The Air Accidents Investigation Branch investigates air accidents in the United Kingdom. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Ariana Afghan Airlines is the national airline carrier of Afghanistan, based in Kabul. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ...

See also

Map showing location of London Stansted Airport in Essex

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This List of RAF stations is a comprehensive list of all stations, airbases, airfields and administrative headquarters of the Royal Air Force - past and present. ... Ninth Air Force is a Numbered Air Force in Air Combat Command (ACC). ...

References

  1. ^ UK Aeronautical Information Service
  2. ^ Aircraft Movements, Air Passengers by Type and Nationality of Operator
  3. ^ UK airports owned and operated by BAA
  4. ^ BAA: "Who owns us?"
  5. ^ "£2.5bn Stansted Generation 2 planning bid submitted", Transport Briefing, 12 March 2008. 
  6. ^ "BAA pays its own staff to lobby in favour of Stansted expansion", The Times. 
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/633654.stm Stansted's Hijack History, BBC News, 7 February 2000
  8. ^ Football: Leeds play on after flight ends in flames by Guy Hodgson from The Independent, 1 April 1998
  9. ^ Boeing 737-8AS, EI-CSA (PDF). Air Accidents Investigation Branch. Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  10. ^ Special report: Hijack at Stansted. BBC News (2000). Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  11. ^ Afghans win right to stay in UK. BBC News (2004). Retrieved on 2007-04-05.
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now. After the Battle ISBN 0900913800
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • [1] USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present
  • The Bishop's Stortford Herald newspaper, 26 April 2007.

is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Driving Towards Airport : the London Stansted Airport is located 34 miles of Central London on M11 motorway at junction 8.
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London Stansted Airport is one of the UK’s busiest airports, serving approximately 14 million passengers per annum, with more than 40 airlines traveling to 100 destinations.
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London Stansted has its own train station, and Stansted Express services run from London Liverpool street station (east London) every 15 minutes from 08:00 to 17:00 on weekdays and every 30 minutes in the early morning, evening weekdays and weekends, taking approximately 40 minutes to reach the airport.
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