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Encyclopedia > London County Council
London County Council emblem is still seen today on buildings, especially housing, from that era
London County Council emblem is still seen today on buildings, especially housing, from that era

London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London from 1889 until 1965, when it was replaced by the Greater London Council. It covered the area today known as Inner London. Image File history File links Londoncountycouncil. ... Image File history File links Londoncountycouncil. ... The County of London (in red), super imposed upon todays Greater London area, to show the difference in size with post-1965 Borough boundaries The County of London was an administrative county of England from 1888 to 1965. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Arms of the Greater London Council The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986. ... Inner London is technically a term for the central part of Greater London, in contrast to Outer London. ...


The creation of the LCC was forced by a succession of scandals involving the Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW), its predecessor, which had not been directly elected. While the Conservative government of the day would have preferred not to create a single body covering the whole of London, their electoral pact with Liberal Unionists led them to this policy. A later Government created the 28 metropolitan boroughs as lower tier authorities in 1899. The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in 1889. ... A Metropolitan Borough (or Metropolitan District) is a type of local government district in England, covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The LCC inherited the powers of its predecessor the MBW, but also had wider authority over matters such as education and planning. Urban, city, or town planning, deals with design of the built environment from the municipal and metropolitan perspective. ...


The LCC initially used the Spring Gardens headquarters of the Metropolitan Board of Works but by 1906 decided to buy three adjoining plots of land on the eastern side of Westminster Bridge as a site for a single headquarters. The County Hall designed by Ralph Knott was built there from 19091933 and passed into private ownership following the abolition of the Greater London Council. A London Residuary Body was appointed with the express purpose of managing the transfer of the assets of the GLC after 1985, making the task of re-establishing metropolitan authority rather more difficult for any post-Thatcher government. The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in 1889. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... County Hall County Hall is a building in Lambeth, London, that was the headquarters of London County Council and later the Greater London Council (GLC). ... Ralph Knott FRIBA (May 3, 1878 - January 25, 1929) was a British architect responsible for building County Hall for the London County Council. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Initially, it had been hoped by many that elections to the LCC would be conducted on a non-partisan basis, but in the Council two political groups formed. The majority group in 1889 was the Progressives, who were unofficially allied with the Liberal Party in national politics. Those who allied with the Tory Party formed the Moderate group. In 1906, the Moderates added the name Municipal Reform. 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Progressive Party was a municipal party for the London County Council based around the Liberal Party. ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ...


The LCC was elected every three years. The Progressives were in control continuously from 1889 until 1907, when they lost power to the Municipal Reformers. Municipal Reform control lasted until 1934 when Labour won power, which they kept until the LCC was abolished. 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The County of London, shown within a map of England's 1890 counties
The County of London, shown within a map of England's 1890 counties

G.Topham Forrest headed the LCC Architect's Department from 1919 until 1935 and, since this co-incided with the initial wave of municipal housebuilding in England, had a major influence over the character of many residential quarters of London. Some LCC estates were erected beyond the LCC boundary where land was cheaper and lower density living was more easily attained. Most of those estates lie within what became known as Greater London, although metropolitan government was suspended between 1985 and 2000 when "unitary" Boroughs took most key land-use decisions at a more local level. In 2005 the Mayor of London is seeking greater influence over housing policy and the distribution of social housing units, partly because some outer boroughs are perceived as unreceptive to higher density layouts and eager to preserve a degree of social stratification. Image File history File links EnglandLondon1890. ... Image File history File links EnglandLondon1890. ... The County of London (in red), super imposed upon todays Greater London area, to show the difference in size with post-1965 Borough boundaries The County of London was an administrative county of England from 1888 to 1965. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Leaders of the London County Council

The post of Leader was only officially recognised in 1933. This table takes into account the usual convention in British local government that the Leader is the Chairman of certain important committees. 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Council Chamber of the LCC, from the majority benches
Council Chamber of the LCC, from the majority benches


Council Chamber at County Hall, London File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Council Chamber at County Hall, London File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer (24 June 1819 - 11 October 1899) was an English civil servant and statistician. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Right Honourable Professor James Stuart (January 1843 – October 12, 1913) was a British educator and politician. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Mackinnon Wood (1855–26 March 1927) was a British Liberal politician. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Richard Atkinson Robinson DL (October 16, 1849–April 28, 1928) was a chemist and pharmacist, who later became a local politician and was the first Conservative to lead the London County Council (1907-1908). ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... William Robert Wellesley Peel, 1st Earl Peel (1867-1937) was a British politician who served as Secretary of State for India twice in the 1920s and as Lord Privy Seal in 1931. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Ronald Collet Norman was a banker, administrator and politician. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Herbert Stanley Morrison, Baron Morrison of Lambeth (January 3, 1888 - March 6, 1965) was a British Labour Party politician and cabinet minister. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Charles Latham, 1st Baron Latham (December 26, 1888 - March 31, 1970) was a British politician and Leader of the London County Council from 1940 to 1947. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sir Isaac James Hayward (usually known as Ike Hayward) (November 17, 1884 - January 3, 1976) was Leader of the London County Council from 1947 until it was abolished in 1965. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ...

Government of London from 1855 to present

Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) 1855 - 1889 The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in 1889. ...


London County Council (LCC) 1889 - 1965


Greater London Council (GLC) 1965 - 1986 Arms of the Greater London Council The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986. ...


Mayor of London and the London Assembly of the Greater London Authority (GLA) 2000 + The current Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone. ... The London Assembly is an elected body that supervises the Greater London Authority and the Mayor of London. ... The Greater London Authority (GLA) administers the 1579 sq. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
County of London at AllExperts (370 words)
The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965.
It bordered Middlesex to the north and west, Essex to the north-east, Kent to the south-east and Surrey to the south.
Since the Greater London Council was not an education authority, but London County Council had been, an Inner London Education Authority was constituted to continue this role for the area of the old County of London, and this continued until 1990.
Greater London Council: Information from Answers.com (1578 words)
The Labour Party had controlled the LCC from 1934 and by the 1950s the Conservative Government considered that elections were becoming one-sided, since the London County Council (LCC) covered only the inner (generally Labour-voting) districts.
Greater London covered the counties of London and most of Middlesex, plus parts of Essex, Kent and Surrey, a small part of Hertfordshire and the County Borough of Croydon, County Borough of East Ham and County Borough of West Ham which had been independent of county control.
GLC councillors elected for the LCC area became ex officio members of the Inner London Education Authority, which took over the LCC responsibility for education; in outer London, the London boroughs each operated as a local education authority.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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