The Coliseum Theatre is one of London's largest and best equipped theatres, opening in 1904. It underwent extensive renovations between 2000 and 2004 and has the widest proscenium arch in London as well as being one of the earliest to have electric lighting. It was built with a revolving stage although this was rarely used.
Originally designed for the productions of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company to specifications drawn up by W. S. Gilbert it was known as the London Coliseum. Becoming the Coliseum Theatre between 1931 and 1968 (651 performances of the musical comedy White Horse Inn, starting April 8, 1931), it reverted to the original name in 1968, when purchased by English National Opera.
It remains the home of the English National Opera (ENO), previously known as the Sadler's Wells Opera Company (they changed their name in 1974) who had moved from the Sadler's Wells Theatre.
As a 14th birthday treat, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was taken by her parents to a West End show, to see Sir Charles Hawtrey at the London Coliseum (on August 4, 1914). On the same day her future father-in-law, King George V, summoned the Privy Council and declared war (see World_War_I) on Germany.
London is also the home of a host of related institutions offering advanced education in the fine arts, such as the Royal Academy of Arts, the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, the Royal College of Music, the Royal Ballet School, and the London Contemporary Dance School.
London’s commercial role depended on its strategic location between the wool-growing areas of England, which were located north of London and in East Anglia, and the manufacturing towns of the Netherlands.
Londoners were irate because the new tax, soon dubbed a poll tax, set a fixed amount to be paid per person rather than taxing people according to their income level.
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