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Encyclopedia > London, Chatham and Dover Railway
Crest of the LCDR on the first Blackfriars Railway Bridge
Crest of the LCDR on the first Blackfriars Railway Bridge

The London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) was a railway company that operated in south-eastern England between 1859 and 1923 before grouping with three other companies to form the Southern Railway. Its lines ran through London and eastern/northern Kent, and formed a significant part of the Greater London commuter network. From the start the railway was in an impecunious position. Crest of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway on the first Blackfriars Railway Bridge Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Crest of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway on the first Blackfriars Railway Bridge Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Blackfriars Railway Bridge, London, with remains of old bridge in foreground Blackfriars Railway Bridge is a railway bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and the Millennium Bridge. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ... Kent is a county in England, south-east of London. ...


Although the Chatham, as it was always known, was subject to much criticism for its often lamentable carriage stock and poor punctuality, in two respects at least it was very good: it used the highly effective Westinghouse brake on its passenger stock, and the Sykes 'Lock and Block' system of signalling. It was actually a line with an excellent safety record.

Contents


East Kent Railway

The LCDR began life as the East Kent Railway (EKR). Its first line was that from Strood near Rochester to Faversham, opened in two parts: Description The East Kent Railway is a short heritage railway in Kent, England. ... Description The East Kent Railway is a short heritage railway in Kent, England. ... Location within the British Isles. ... Rochester is a small town in Kent, at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London. ... Faversham is a town in Kent, England, in the district of Swale, roughly halfway between Sittingbourne and Canterbury. ...

  • 22 November 1858: The Mid-Kent Railway constructed a line from Bromley Junction (near Norbury) to Bickley. This line connected with the West End of London & Crystal Palace Railway (WELCPR) which later provided the necessary access to London.

At this stage the EKR changed its name to the LCDR (1859), even though, as yet, Dover had not been reached.. Strood railway station serves the town of Strood in Medway. ... The platforms at Chatham Chatham railway station is on the Chatham Main Line in Medway, north Kent, between Rochester and Gillingham, and is 34. ... Faversham railway station is on the Chatham Main Line in north Kent, and serves the town of Faversham. ... {{infobox England place with map UA| |Map= Gillingham - Kent dot. ... Rainham is a town in the Medway unitary authority in South East England. ... Sittingbourne is an industrial town about eight miles (12. ... Faversham is a town in Kent, England, in the district of Swale, roughly halfway between Sittingbourne and Canterbury. ... The Mid-Kent line is the successor to railways built by the Mid Kent Railway between 1857 and 1882. ... Norbury railway station is in the London Borough of Croydon in south London. ... Bickley railway station is in the London Borough of Bromley in south London. ...


London, Chatham and Dover Railway

  • 1860 openings:
    • 9 July 1860: Faversham - Canterbury (now the East station) - Whitstable (old station)
    • 19 July 1860: Sittingbourne & Sheerness Railway, which became part of LCDR from 1866), including Queenborough. Sheerness railway station dates from 1883: the original terminus became the freight depot. There are branch lines to Queenborough Pier and Sheerness Dockyard.
    • 3 December 1860: opening of line between Bickley and Rochester, connecting the two parts of the network; opening of St Mary Cray, Farningham Road and Rochester Bridge stations (the latter being closed in 1917)
  • 1861 openings:
  • 1862 openings:
    • 2 June 1862: the Sevenoaks Railway opened from Sevenoaks Junction (now Swanley Junction) to Sevenoaks. Worked by LCDR, with stations at Eynsford, Shoreham, Otford, and Sevenoaks Bat & Ball
    • 1 July 1862: Swanley station (then named Sevenoaks Junction)
    • 6 October 1862: stations along the WELCPR line towards Victoria opened: including Penge East, Herne Hill, and Clapham. Dulwich and Sydenham Hill stations (since closed) were also opened.
  • 1863 openings:
    • Wandsworth Road station
    • 5 October 1863: Herne Bay to Ramsgate. Birchington-on-Sea, Margate, and Broadstairs stations all opening with the line

1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... St Peters St, Canterbury, from the West Gate, 1993 Canterbury (Latin: Duroverum) is a cathedral city in the county of Kent in southeast England. ... Whitstable is a town in Kent, England with a population of 30,000. ... Queenborough railway station is on the Sheerness Line, on the Isle of Sheppey in north Kent, and serves the town of Queenborough. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... St Mary Cray railway station is in the London Borough of Bromley in south-east London, in Travelcard Zone 6. ... Farningham Road railway station is on the Chatham Main Line, and serves the villages of Sutton-at-Hone and South Darenth in north Kent. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Meopham railway station is on the Chatham Main Line, and serves the village of Meopham in north Kent. ... Sole Street railway station is on the Chatham Main Line, and serves the village of Sole Street in north Kent. ... Dover Priory railway station is the main (and currently only) station in Dover in Kent. ... Bekesbourne railway station serves Bekesbourne in Kent. ... Adisham railway station serves Adisham in Kent, and is served by South Eastern Trains. ... Shepherds Well railway station serves Shepherds Well in Kent. ... Herne Bay railway station is on the Chatham Main Line in north Kent, and serves the town of Herne Bay. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sevenoaks railway station serves the town of Sevenoaks in Kent. ... Eynsford railway station serves Eynsford in Kent. ... Otford railway station serves Otford in Kent. ... Swanley railway station is on the Chatham Main Line, and serves the town of Swanley in north Kent. ... Penge East railway station is in the London Borough of Bromley in south London. ... Herne Hill railway station is a train station in south London, England, on the South Eastern mainline from London Victoria station to Kent, and on the Thameslink line from Luton to Wimbledon. ... Clapham railway station serves the village of Clapham in North Yorkshire, England. ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... Ramsgate railway station serves the town of Ramsgate in Thanet in Kent. ... Birchington-on-Sea railway station is on the Chatham Main Line in north Kent, and serves the town of Birchington-on-Sea. ... Margate railway station serves the town of Margate in Thanet in Kent. ... Broadstairs railway station is on the Chatham Main Line in north Kent, and serves the town of Broadstairs. ...

Second London line

  • 1 June 1864: the first section of railway to serve the City of London, when the line from Herne Hill to Blackfriars Bridge station (south of the river), was opened
  • 1 June 1865: Ludgate Hill station opened (closed 3 March 1929) across the river. In 1886, St Pauls station was opened by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway: it was reached on a parallel bridge across the river.

Coat of arms The City of London is a small area in Greater London. ... Ludgate Hill station was a railway station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) in the City of London. ...

Later openings

1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Longfield railway station is on the Chatham Main Line, and serves the villages of Longfield and Hartley in north Kent. ... Loughborough Junction railway station is a train station in Brixton, South London. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Maidstone (pronounced mādstun) is the county town of Kent, in southeast England, about 30 miles from London. ... Kemsing railway station serves Kemsing in Kent, although the station is actually located on the other side of the M26 motorway to the village. ... West Malling railway station serves the village of West Malling in Kent, and is close to Larkfield and Leybourne. ... Barming railway station serves Barming in Kent. ... Maidstone East railway station is one of three railway stations in Maidstone in Kent, but the only one with a regular direct service to London. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Deal railway station serves Deal in Kent, England. ... The London and Greenwich Railway (LGR) and the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway (CWR) in East Kent were the earliest railways to serve the then county of Kent: eventually both became parts of the South Eastern Railway (SER). ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ashford is a town in the borough of Ashford in Kent, United Kingdom. ... Bearsted is a one-time ancient village in mid-Kent situated to the east, and some five miles (7km) from the centre, of Maidstone. ... Hollingbourne is a Kent village situated on the Pilgrims Way sheltered by the North Downs, some 5 miles east of Maidstone. ... Harrietsham (pop 1,352 1991 est. ... Lenham is a market village in Kent situated on the southern edge of the North Downs, halfway between Maidstone and Ashford. ... Charing is a small village in England at the foot of the North Downs. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Kent House railway station is in the London Borough of Bromley in south London. ...

Formation of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway

On 1 January 1899 the undertaking of the LCDR was, by arrangement, joined with that of the South Eastern Railway for united working under a Management Committee composed of the directors of the two Companies. The arrangement was confirmed by Act of Parliament on 5 August 1899 by the South Eastern and London, Chatham and Dover Railway Act 1899. In Westminster System parliaments, an Act of Parliament is a part of the law passed by the Parliament. ...


The rolling stock and steamboats of the two companies were thereafter worked as one concern. Some rationalisation of competing stations occured but it was not fully resolved. Between 1902 and 1904, connections were built to allow LCDR trains through running on ex-SER lines, notably in the Bickley area where the two main lines crossed. The rationalisation of the lines in Thanet to create a line which ran through from Margate via Ramsgate to Minster did not take place until after the grouping. The former Ramsgate Harbour station of the Chatham, accessed via a line through a tunnel leaving the current line near what is now Dumpton Park, then became part of the beach facilities. See South Eastern and Chatham Railway] and South Eastern Railway. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Coat of Arms. ... The London and Greenwich Railway (LGR) and the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway (CWR) in East Kent were the earliest railways to serve the then county of Kent: eventually both became parts of the South Eastern Railway (SER). ...


Line details

Principal engineering works

  • Blackfriars Bridge: 933 ft (279 m) long
  • Battersea Bridge: 740 ft (222 m)
  • Viaduct carrying extension to Blackfriars: 742 brick arches, 94 girder bridges

Steepest gradient

  • Rochester Bridge - Sole Street: five miles at 1:100

Tunnels

  • Shepherd's Well Tunnel: 2376 yds (2138 m)
  • Sydenham Hill Tunnel: 2200 yds (1980 m) - this was allegedly Queen Victoria's least favourite tunnel

Locomotive Works

  • The locomotive works were at Longhedge, in Battersea, and the old erecting shop can still be seen. The former SER works at Ashford took over locomotive building for the joint concern.

Rolling stock

Both the South Eastern and London, Chatham and Dover Railway companies's locomotives were painted black each with their own style of lining but, when taken over by the South Eastern and Chatham Railways Managing Committee (SE&CR), dark green was adopted with an elaborate lining scheme. After some trials with a hybrid colour scheme (SER maroon on the upper parts and LC&DR teak on the lower), the SE&CR adopted the dark maroon/lake livery for passenger stock. Ex-LC&DR locomotives were renumbered by adding 459 to the running numbers (ie locomotive No 1 became No 460, etc); SER locomotives retained their existing mumbers.


For a small and indigent company the Chatham was lucky in its locomotive engineers. After a very patchy start, with a miscellany of Cramptons and other oddities, it had two very competent engineers.


William Martley was appointed in 1860, and commissioned some very effective performers, notably the 0-4-2 well tanks of the 'Scotchmen' (1866) and 'Large Scotchmen' (1873) classes for the suburban services; and the 'Europa' class (1873) of 2-4-0s, which ran the mail trains to and from Dover, the Chatham's crack service.


William Kirtley came from the Midland Railway in 1874, following the death of Martley. He was the nephew of Matthew Kirtley, the Midland's famous locomotive superintendent. Kirtley produced a series of execllent designs, robust and good performers - the A series of 0-4-4 tanks for suburban services, the B series of 0-6-0 goods engines; the T class of shunting engines; the M series of 4-4-0 express passenger engines; and a final R series of enlarged 0-4-4 tanks.


These rather than Stirling's Ashford products formed the basis for SE&CR development under Wainwright, not least because it was Robert Surtees from Longhedge who led design work for the succesor organisation. The R series led to the SE&CR's R1 and subsequent H class; the Bs to the famous C class; and the Ms to the D and E classes, which in their rebuilt Maunsell form may have been the best British inside-cylinder 4-4-0s.


1923 Grouping

In 1923 the LCDR and the SER, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR), and the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) were joined to form the Southern Railway. The LB&SCRs coat of arms, displayed above the entrance to Gipsy Hill railway station. ... The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) was a railway company in England from 1840 to 1923. ... The Southern Railway in the United Kingdom was the smallest of the four railway systems created in the Grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921. ...


References used

  • The South Eastern & Chatham Railway (O.S.Nock, Ian Allen Ltd,1961) - particularly for the EKR history
  • Railway Year Book 1912 (Railway Publishing Company)
  • Railways of the Southern Region (Geoffrey Body, PSL Field Guide, 1989)
  • "The Locomotives of the London Chatham and Dover Railway", D L Bradley, Railway Correspondence and Travel Society, 1960

  Results from FactBites:
 
London, Chatham and Dover Railway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1309 words)
Although the Chatham, as it was always known, was subject to much criticism for its often lamentable carriage stock and poor punctuality, in two respects at least it was very good: it used the highly effective Westinghouse brake on its passenger stock, and the Sykes 'Lock and Block' system of signalling.
The arrangement was confirmed by Act of Parliament on 5 August 1899 by the South Eastern and London, Chatham and Dover Railway Act 1899.
In 1923 the LCDR and the SER, the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR), and the London and South Western Railway (LSWR) were joined to form the Southern Railway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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