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Encyclopedia > Lom, Bulgaria
Lom, Bulgaria
Map of Bulgaria, Lom, Bulgaria is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Montana
Population 29 981 (2005-09-13)
Altitude 20 m
Postal code 3600
Area code 0971
Geographic
coordinates
43° 49' north,
23° 14' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Penka Penkova
Shishman Street - a street in Lom, Bulgaria
Shishman Street - a street in Lom, Bulgaria
Soviet style tower blocks characterize Lom's skyline, with the Danube River and Romania visible in the background.
Soviet style tower blocks characterize Lom's skyline, with the Danube River and Romania visible in the background.
A view of the port, Nikola Purvanov school (the yellowish buildings to the left), and the Town Hall (the white building in the centre).
A view of the port, Nikola Purvanov school (the yellowish buildings to the left), and the Town Hall (the white building in the centre).

Lom (Bulgarian: Лом) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, part of Montana Province, situated on the right bank of the Danube, close to the estuary of the Lom River. It is 162 km north of Sofia, 56 km southeast of Vidin, 50 km north of Montana and 42 km west of Kozloduy. It is the second most important Bulgarian port on the Danube after Rousse. Image File history File links Lom_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 257 KB) Author: eu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 257 KB) Author: eu. ... A car passes in Shishman Street, Lom, Bulgaria in the early morning of August 4, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB) Author: eu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB) Author: eu. ... Soviet redirects here. ... A tower block, block of flats, or apartment block, is a multi-unit high-rise apartment building. ... Skyline of Chicago Skyline of Tokyo Skyline of Shanghai The Bangkok skytrain at sunset Skyline of London Skyline of New York City Skyline of Singapore [[Image:Ortigas_full_moon. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 245 KB) Author: eu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 245 KB) Author: eu. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Montana is a province in northwestern Bulgaria, bordering Serbia and Montenegro and Romania. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... The Lom (Bulgarian: , Latin: ) is a river in northwestern Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Danube flowing into it 1 km east of the town of Lom. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population    - City (15 September 2006) 1,246,791  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,377,761 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Website... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ... Montana (Монтана) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Montana Province. ... Kozloduy (Козлодуй) is a town of 13,871 inhabitants in northwestern Bulgaria, located in Vratsa Province, on the river Danube. ... Rousse (also transliterated as Ruse or Russe; Bulgarian: Русе; Romanian: Rusciuc) is the fifth largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 178,000. ...

Contents

History

Antiquity and Middle Ages

Lom was founded by the Thracians under the name of Artanes in Antiquity. After them the Romans called the fortress and the town Almus, from where the name of the today's city and of the Lom River comes. Thracian peltast, 5th to 4th century BC Thracian Horseman Thracians in an ethnic sense refers to various ancient peoples who spoke Dacian and Thracian, a scarcely attested branch of the Indo-European language family. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ...


There are no reports proving that there existed a big settlement in the Middle Ages. It was not until Ottoman rule that it enlarged but for a long time it was under the shadow of the dominant towns of Vidin, Nikopol and Silistra. It is assumed that the Ottoman village was founded in 1695 by Kara Mustafa and Murad Bey, who were defeated at Vienna in 1683 and who came here sailing rafts along the Danube. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... Nikopol is a town in North Bulgaria, Pleven Province, on the Danube river. ... Silistra (Bulgarian: , historically Bulgarian Дръстър (Drastar, ) and Romanian Dârstor) is a port city of northeastern Bulgaria, lying on the southern side of the lower Danube at the countrys border with Romania. ... Events January 27 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed II to Mustafa II (1695-1703) July 17 - The Bank of Scotland is founded by an Act of Parliament of the old Scottish Parliament. ... Headstone of Kara Mustafa, Edirne, Turkey Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha (1634/1635 – December 25, 1683) was an Ottoman military leader and vizier who was a central character in the empires last attempts at expansion into central and eastern Europe. ... A brand of cigars named for Murad Bey Murad Bey (1750 - 1801) was an Egyptian Mameluke chieftain, cavalry commander and joint ruler of Egypt with Ibrahim Bey. ... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 Vienna (German: Wien ) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ...


Ottoman rule and Bulgarian National Revival

The name Lom Palanka was mentioned for a first time in 1704. The settlement then called "palanka" was something between a village and a town in size and importance. In 1798 Lom suffered from brigand raids. With the development of shipping along the Danube after 1830, the importance of the town grew. The road to Sofia contributed to its progress and turned it into a main export port to Vienna (Austria). By 1869 there were 120 shops, 148 trade offices, 175 food shops, 34 coffee bars, 6 hotels and 2 mills. The town was centred around the old Kale (fortress), which was entered through three kapii (gates) — Vidinska, Belogradchishka, Sofiyska. The tradesmen from Lom offered goods at the biggest fairs in the region and beyond. In 1880 there were 7,500 inhabitants in the town. Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Lom is proud of its traditions from the period of the Bulgarian National Revival. In 1856 the first community centre in Bulgaria was founded in the town, the first women's society in the country was elso established in 1858 and one of the first theatre performances took place in the town. Krastyu Pishurka, a noted educator, also worked in Lom. The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Current Issues

Lom, as many other Bulgarian cities, has had a poor infrastructure since the fall of communism. Most of the streets and houses are in a poor condition. Recently though, action has been taken to improve the city's infrastructure and work continues. Other major issues include poverty, which is extremely high mainly due to the very low rate of unemployment. An increase in the population of the elderly and the Roma minority only contributes to the decrease of job opportunities as young people seek to leave the city in search of better education and life prospects. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... An 1837 political cartoon about unemployment in the United States. ... A woman at over 90 years. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


Landmarks

  • Plazha (Bulgarian: Плажа) - the 500 m. long pebbled beach at the bank of the Danube River, 3 km. from the centre of the city
  • Town Museum of History, housed in the building of the old town-hall.
  • Preserved foundations of the antique fortress Almus
  • Postoyanstvo, the oldest community centre in Bulgaria
  • Building of the former School of Pedagogy
  • Borunska Church
  • Monument of Tseko Voivoda (1807-1881), a participant in the battles for liberation of Serbia and proclaimed by the Serbian government to be a voyvoda (revolutionary leader)

Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Voivode (as it is spelled in the Oxford English Dictionary), or less commonly voivod, is a Slavic word that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force. ...

External links

  • The Official Site of Lom



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  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (573 words)
Lom () is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, part of Montana Province, situated on the right bank of the Danube, close to the estuary of the Lom River.
Lom is proud of its traditions from the period of the Bulgarian National Revival.
In 1856 the first community centre in Bulgaria was founded in the town, the first women's society in the country was olso established in 1858 and one of the first theatre performances took place in the town.
Lom, Bulgaria (136 words)
Lom (Bulgarian: Лом, ancient Almus), town and port in northwestern Bulgaria, at the confluence of the Danube and Lom rivers.
Lom is famous for its amazing neo-renaissance architecture and its beaches on the Danube River.
The town is also the first to build a Community Centre in Bulgaria in the 19th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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