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Encyclopedia > Lolicon
Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings.

Lolicon (ロリコン rorikon?) is a slang portmanteau of the phrase "Lolita complex". The phrase is a reference to Vladimir Nabokov's book, Lolita, in which a much older man becomes sexually obsessed with a twelve-year-old girl. In Japan, the term is used to describe an attraction to girls below the age of consent, or an individual attracted to such a person. Outside Japan, the term most often refers to a genre of manga and anime where childlike female characters are depicted in a sexualized manner or engaged in sexually explicit acts. The equivalent term for the sexualization of or attraction to young boys is shotacon. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 263 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 1140 pixel, file size: 146 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Originally uploaded as Image:Final Solution-chan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 263 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 1140 pixel, file size: 146 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Originally uploaded as Image:Final Solution-chan. ... Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Lolita (1955) is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Sexually explicit material (video, photography, creative writing) presents sexual content without deliberately obscuring or censoring it. ... Shotacon ), sometimes shortened to shota ), is a Japanese term for a sexual complex where an adult is attracted to an underage boy, or in which two underage boys are attracted to one another. ...


Critics claim that lolicon can contribute to actual sexual abuse of children, and several countries have attempted to criminalize lolicon's sexually explicit forms as a type of child pornography. Others disagree, citing research that suggests a correlation between increased availability of pornographic material in Japan from the 1970s onwards and a decrease in reports of sexual violence, including crimes by juveniles and also the number of assaults on children under 13. “Bad Touch” redirects here. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ...

Contents

Lolicon in Japan

Generally, lolicon is a term used to describe a sexual attraction to a girl who is under the legal age of consent, both perceived and actual pedophilia and ephebophilia, or has underdeveloped secondary sexual characteristics. Strictly speaking, Lolita complex in Japanese refers only to the paraphilia itself, but the abbreviation lolicon can refer to an individual that has the paraphilia as well. Lolicon is a widespread phenomenon in Japan, where it is a frequent subject of scholarly articles and criticism.[1] Many general bookstores and newsstands openly offer illustrated lolicon material, but there has also been police action against lolicon manga.[1] Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Pedophilia or paedophilia (see spelling differences) is the primary or exclusive sexual attraction by adults to prepubescent youths. ... An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... Neoteny describes a process by which paedomorphism is achieved, and is a subject studied in the field of developmental biology. ... Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The "kawaii" style (which in Western terms could roughly be translated as "tiny is cute") is extremely popular in Japan, where it is present in all the manga/anime styles.[2] The school-aged girl in a school uniform is also an erotic symbol in Japan, comparable to the image of a woman in a mini-skirt in the United States. Burusera shops cater to men with lolicon complexes by selling unwashed panties, men can make dates with teenagers through terekura ("telephone clubs"),[3] and school girls moonlight as prostitutes in Tokyo.[4] Together, these create the "strange collusion which exists in Japanese culture between the hentai (pervert) and the kawaii (cute)." [5] Conversely, the great cultural respect associated with old age would make it incompatible with portraying ecchi behavior in manga, except in a greatly exaggerated farce context (typical examples being "Dirty Old Men", Dragon Ball's Muten-Rôshi, Master Happosai in Ranma 1/2). Example of several Japan Post mascot characters on official postage stamps. ... Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An example of a telekura establishment Telekura ), an abbreviation for telephone clubs ), are telephone-based dating services originating in Japan. ... In Asia, many points of good etiquette are derived from religious beliefs. ... Ecchi (from the Japanese エッチ etchi) is an English word deriving from a Japanese word meaning lewd or naughty when used as an adjective, and can refer to a pervert or sexual intercourse when used as a noun. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Muten-Rôshi ) (in English, Old Master Martial Sky) is a fictional character and supercentenarian in the Dragon Ball metaseries by Akira Toriyama. ... Happosai (八宝斎 Happōsai) is a fictional character in the anime and manga series Ranma ½ by Rumiko Takahashi. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Sunday Original run 1987 – 1996 No. ...


Sexual manga featuring children or childlike characters are called lolicon manga.[6][1] These are generally legal in Japan, although child pornography was outlawed in 1999.[7] Lolicon manga are usually short stories, published as dōjinshi or in magazines specializing in the genre. Common focuses of these stories include taboo relationships, such as between a teacher and student or brother and sister, while others feature sexual experimentation between children. Some lolicon manga cross over with other hentai genres, such as crossdressing and futanari.[1] Kodomo no Jikan is an example of a series that, while not pornographic, draws on lolicon themes for its plot. Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... Dōjinshi ) are self-published Japanese works, usually manga or novels. ... Hentai tankōbon on display in Japan Hentai )   is a Japanese word that can be used to mean metamorphosis or abnormality. In Japan hentai has a strong negative connotation, and is commonly used to mean sexually perverted. The term is used as slang for sexually explicit or pornographic comics and... Futanari (二成, 二形; ふたなり; a compound word meaning two form in Japanese) can mean both the subjects of a special type of pornographic anime or manga (commonly known in the West as hentai), or the genre itself. ... Kodomo no Jikan literal translation: A Childs Time) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by manga author Kaworu Watashiya. ...


Origin

The use of the term "Lolita complex" in Japan began in the early 1970s with the translation of Russell Trainer's The Lolita Complex. Shinji Wada used the word in his Kyabetsu-batake de tumazuite (キャベツ畑でつまづいて,?), an Alice parody manga in 1974[8]. However, the "lolicon manga" genre closely related to manga media began with Hideo Azuma's works, such as Umi kara kita Kikai (海から来た機械?), in the early 1980s. Azuma had been publishing some sexual manga featuring young girls in his own self-published magazine Cybele prior to that time[9]. Azuma's works became popular among schoolboy readers because most of the pornographic manga up until then had featured mature women influenced by gekiga, but Azuma's works are not pornographies in a strict sense though they contain many sexual elements. Following Azuma's success, some pornographic manga magazines, such as Manga Burikko and Lemon People, began featuring prepubescent girls. Throughout the 1980s, notable lolicon mangaka who published in these magazines include Nonki Miyasu, Kamui Fujiwara, Yoshito Asari and Aki Uchida. Shinji Wada ), who was born on April 19, 1950, is a Japanese manga artist, known for the creation of the Sukeban Deka franchaise. ... Gekiga (劇画) is Japanese for dramatic pictures. ... December 1984 issue of Manga Burikko. ... January 1994 issue of Lemon People. ... // Kamui Fujiwara ) is a game designer and mangaka born on September 23, 1959 in Arakawa, Tokyo, Japan. ...


Lolicon manga and gender roles

In 1998, Kinsella offered a somewhat different version of the origins of lolicon manga, stating that it is an outgrowth of a style of amateur manga drawn by women, Yaoi, popular in the 80's, which featured male homosexual love stories and parodies of famous boys' manga. She states that in the late 1980s men began to follow these women's styles in writing amateur manga about girl characters: "Lolicom manga usually features a voluptuous girl heroine with large eyes and a pre-pubescent body, scantily clad in an outfit which approximates a cross between a 1970s bikini and a space-age suit of armour. She is liable to be cute, tough and clever." [10] As the genre created by and for men evolved, according to Kinsella, it moved from these cute, tough heroines towards depictions of girls as sexual victims: naked, helpless, fearful, sometimes bound or chained and was expanded into computer games and animated videos. Cover of Selfish Love by Naduki Koujima. ...


Japanese animator Hayao Miyazaki stated in an interview with Animage in 1988 that while he prefers to make his protagonists girls, "It's difficult. They immediately become the subjects of rorikon gokko (play toy for Lolita Complex guys). In a sense, if we want to depict someone who is affirmative to us, we have no choice but to make them as lovely as possible. But now, there are too many people who shamelessly depict (such heroines) as if they just want (such girls) as pets, and things are escalating more and more." He expressed concern as to what this might mean for "human rights for women."[11] Hayao Miyazaki ) (born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is the prominent director of many popular animated feature films. ... September 1997 cover of Animage, featuring artwork from the Studio Ghibli film Princess Mononoke. ...


Kinsella asserted that amateur manga expresses a disjuncture in cultural expectations of gender roles in Japan. The amateur parodies of famous manga drawn by women ridiculed the macho male stereotype, and appealed to both women and men who found the stereotype unattractive. She suggested that lolicon manga, on the other hand, expresses male resentment towards and a fixation with young women, who have become increasingly powerful in contemporary Japanese society, and "a reactive desire to see these young women disarmed, infantilised, and subordinate." Male interest in girls' manga expresses simultaneously, "fear and desire" towards women. Kinsella argued that a parallel situation exists in the west, both as to the most popular forms of manga imports and the popular parodies of Star Trek, Red Dwarf and the like, and to the underlying sociological conditions being expressed.[10]


There are some female mangaka who draw lolicon, notably Kaworu Watashiya, author of the most controversial lolicon innuendo manga known in the west, Kodomo no Jikan, and Yukiru Sugisaki. Rizelmine anime is based on Sugisaki's manga. Kaworu Watashiya , born January 3, 1972) is a Japanese manga author from Tokyo, Japan. ... Kodomo no Jikan literal translation: A Childs Time) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by manga author Kaworu Watashiya. ... Yukiru Sugisaki was born on December 26, a Capricorn with blood type O. Her hobbies are dramas, video games, and collecting rabbit things. Sugisakis face is rarely seen, as she prefers to draw herself with a rabbit face or mask in her manga profile images. ... Rizelmine ) is a manga with an anime TV series adaptation created by Yukiru Sugisaki. ...


Lolicon in the West

The meaning of lolicon has evolved much in the West (as have the meanings of other words such as anime, otaku and hentai). In the West, lolicon refers to anime or manga that contains sexual or erotic portrayals of prepubescent or childlike characters, and is thus close cognate to the Japanese term lolicon manga.[12] The use of the word lolicon in the West is an indication that the material is overtly—even if not explicitly—erotic.[13] A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Otaku ) is a derisive Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests in manga, anime or hentai. ... Hentai tankōbon on display in Japan Hentai )   is a Japanese word that can be used to mean metamorphosis or abnormality. In Japan hentai has a strong negative connotation, and is commonly used to mean sexually perverted. The term is used as slang for sexually explicit or pornographic comics and... Occident redirects here. ... Puberty refers to the process of physical changes by which a childs body becomes an adult body capable of reproduction. ...


Controversy and legal issues

Opponents of illustrated lolicon pornography claim that even fictional material encourages viewing children as sex objects and contributes to actual sexual abuse.[14] Others dispute this argument, saying that there is no direct evidence to support the claim that viewing pornography leads to sexual crime, and that restricting sexual expression in drawings or animated games and videos might increase the rate of sexual crime by eliminating a harmless outlet for desires that could motivate crime.[15] Diamond and Uchiyama suggest that there is a strong correlation between the dramatic rise of pornographic material in Japan from the 1970s onwards and a dramatic decrease in reported sexual violence, including crimes by juveniles and also the number of assaults on children under 13. They cite similar findings in Denmark and West Germany, and conclude that the widespread availability of sexually explicit material can in fact reduce the rate of sexual crimes. Diamond and Uchiyama also state, however, that it is probable that the reduction of sex crimes by and upon juveniles in Japan is due to other factors as well: the demands of the increasingly competitive educational system on children's time, an increase in consensual sexual outlets such as prostitution and pre-marital sex, and "socially positive proactive forces" such as sex education in schools and stronger family supervision at home.[16] This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ...


A Japanese non-profit organization called CASPAR has claimed that lolicon and other anime magazines and games do encourage sex crimes. The group, founded in 1989, campaigns for regulation of depiction of minors in pornographic magazines and video games.[17] Public attention was brought to bear on this issue when Tsutomu Miyazaki kidnapped, murdered, and had sexual intercourse with the dead bodies of four girls between the ages of 4 and 7 in 1988 and 1989.[18] The Tokyo High Court ruled him sane, stating that "the murders were premeditated and stemmed from Miyazaki's sexual fantasies," and he was sentenced to death for his crimes.[19] Public sentiment against animated child pornography was revived in 2005 when a convicted sex offender and lolicon was arrested for the murder of a 7-year-old girl in Nara.[20] The murderer, Kaoru Kobayashi, claimed that he had become interested in small girls after watching an animated pornographic video as a high school student.[21] According to Michiko Magaoko, director of a non-profit organization in Kyoto called Juvenile Guide, founded in 2003, approximately half of the 2,000 pornographic animation titles distributed in Japan every year, including films and video games, feature schoolgirl characters. Mitsui Kondo, representative of an Osaka-based child protection agency, argues that these films may distort attitudes towards girls: "Such a situation makes our society more dangerous to girls....We've got to think about it before talking about freedom of expression."[21] This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Legal status in Australia

In August of 2007, an Australian was sentenced to pay an Au$9000 fine for attempting to import eight DVDs of Japanese anime found to contain pornographic depictions of children and 14 found to contain depictions of sexual violence. No images of real children were involved. "Customs National Manager Investigations, Richard Janeczko, said that it was important to understand that even cartoons or drawings such as those depicted in anime were prohibited if they contained offensive sexual content."[22]


Legal status in Canada

Section 163.1 of the Canadian Criminal Code defines child pornography to include "a visual representation, whether or not it was made by electronic or mechanical means", that "shows a person who is or is depicted as being under the age of eighteen years and is engaged in or is depicted as engaged in explicit sexual activity", or "the dominant characteristic of which is the depiction, for a sexual purpose, of a sexual organ or the anal region of a person under the age of eighteen years." The definitive Supreme Court of Canada decision, R. v. Sharpe, interprets the statute to include purely fictional material even when no real children were involved in its production. From paragraph 38 of the decision: The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... R. v. ...

Interpreting "person" in accordance with Parliament's purpose of criminalizing possession of material that poses a reasoned risk of harm to children, it seems that it should include visual works of the imagination as well as depictions of actual people. Notwithstanding the fact that 'person' in the charging section and in s. 163.1(1)(b) refers to a flesh-and-blood person, I conclude that "person" in s. 163.1(1)(a) includes both actual and imaginary human beings.

Supreme Court of Canada, R. v. Sharpe, Paragraph 38[23] The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... R. v. ...

In October 2005, Canadian courts sentenced an Edmonton, Alberta, man to one year of community service for importing manga depicting child sex, possibly the first manga-related child pornography case in Canada.[24] Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ...


In April 2006, an American was sentenced to 30 days in jail for bringing child pornography to Canada. While he had possession of three videos and three images of real children, a criminal investigator cited the 13,000 "mostly cartoon" or "anime" images in his possession and the "prohibitive nature of these goods".[25]


The current law has primarily been used to compound charges for pornography featuring real children, rather than to prosecute cases involving only lolicon. However, the current law does criminalize possession of purely fictional material, could be applied in cases featuring only images of fictional children in the future, and has been used to prosecute possession of fictional stories with no pictures of real or imaginary children.[26]


Legal status in the Netherlands

On October 1, 2002, the Netherlands introduced legislation (Bulletin of Acts and Decrees 470) which deemed "virtual child pornography" as illegal.[27] The laws appear to only outlaw "realistic images representing a minor engaged in a sexually explicit conduct," and hence lolicon is not included.[28] is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Second Life (the US based virtual world) is currently being investigated by the public prosecutor. A number of Second Life users engage in age play where their online avatars dress, act and look like underage children while engaging in virtual sexual acts. Although there is no Dutch law that legislates against under age depictions of sexual acts for computer generated images, the public prosecutor is investigating this on the basis that these virtual actions may incite child abuse in the real world. [2] This article is about a virtual world. ... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... An avatar (abbreviations include AV, ava, avie, avy, avi, avvie, avis, and avvy) is an Internet users representation of himself or herself, whether in the form of a three-dimensional model used in computer games,[1] a two-dimensional icon (picture) used on Internet forums and other communities,[2...


Legal status in New Zealand

The Films, Videos, and Publications Classification Act 1993 classifies a publication as "objectionable" if it "promotes or supports, or tends to promote or support, the exploitation of children, or young persons, or both, for sexual purposes." Making, distribution, import, or copying or possession of objectionable material for the purposes of distribution are offences punishable (in the case of an individual) by a fine of up to NZ$10,000 on strict liability, and ten years in prison if the offence is committed knowingly.[29] In December 2004, the Office of Film and Literature Classification determined that Puni Puni Poemy - an anime series not usually thought of as pornographic by fans, but which could be described as just barely lolicon - was objectionable under the Act and therefore illegal to publish in New Zealand. A subsequent appeal failed, and the series remains banned.[30] Strict liability is a legal doctrine in tort law that makes a person responsible for the damages caused by their actions regardless of culpability (fault) or mens rea. ... The anime OVA Puni Puni Poemy (ぷにぷに☆ぽえみぃ Puni Puni ☆ Poemii) is a frenetic spin-off from the popular Excel Saga animated series, featuring some of its secondary characters and many of its staff, primarily director Shinichi Watanabe. ...


Legal status in Norway

Any images or videos that depict pornography in a childish context (which would include, for example, an adult model with childish clothes/toys/surroundings)[31] are to be considered child pornography. Lolicon are therefore counted as child pornography, and not legal, in Norway (although this has not been proved by Norwegian court). So far, however, this law has only been used to sentence individuals in possession of real child porn.[32]


Legal status in South Africa

With the promulgation of the "Films and Publications Amendment Bill" in September 2003, a broad range of simulated child pornography became illegal in South Africa. For the purposes of the act, any image or description of a person "real or simulated" who is depicted or described as being under the age of 18 years and engaged in sexual conduct, broadly defined, constitutes 'child pornography.'[33] Under the act, anyone is guilty of an offence punishable by up to ten years imprisonment if he or she possesses, creates or produces, imports, exports, broadcasts, or in any way takes steps to procure or access child pornography.


Legal status in Sweden

Any images or videos that depict children in a pornographic context are to be considered child pornography in Sweden, regardless of how realistic or abstract they are.[34] This means that lolicon is considered to be child pornography and is therefore illegal in Sweden. It has, however, not yet been tried in court.


Legal status in the United Kingdom

Non-photographic images of children have never been illegal in the United Kingdom, and on 23 November 2006, Vernon Coaker, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, stated that "Although cartoons depicting child abuse are deeply offensive, they do not in themselves constitute abuse of a child. The 1978 Act is well understood by those who work with it and enforce it and there are substantial arguments against extending its scope to cover cartoons of child pornography."[35] is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


However, on 13 December 2006, UK Home Secretary John Reid, announced that the Cabinet was discussing how to ban computer-generated images of child abuse — including cartoons and graphic illustrations of abuse — after pressure from children's charities.[36] The Government published a consultation on 1 April 2007, announcing plans to create a new offence of possessing a computer generated picture, cartoon or drawing with a penalty of three years in prison and an unlimited fine.[37] is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Reid PC (born 8 May 1947) is a British politician who is Home Secretary and Member of Parliament (MP) for the Scottish constituency of Airdrie and Shotts in the United Kingdom. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Legal status in the United States

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

The Supreme Court of the United States decided in 2002, and affirmed in 2004, that previous prohibition of simulated child pornography under the Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996 was unconstitutional.[38] The majority ruling stated that "the CPPA prohibits speech that records no crime and creates no victims by its production. Virtual child pornography is not 'intrinsically related' to the sexual abuse of children." Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


On 30 April 2003, President George W. Bush signed into law the PROTECT Act of 2003 (also dubbed the Amber Alert Law) [39] which again criminalizes all forms of pornography that shows people under the age of 18 regardless of production. The Act introduced 18 U.S.C. § 1466A "Obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children", which criminalizes material that has "a visual depiction of any kind, including a drawing, cartoon, sculpture or painting, that "depicts a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct and is obscene" or "depicts an image that is, or appears to be, of a minor engaging in ... sexual intercourse ... and lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value" (the third test of the Miller Test obscenity determination). is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The PROTECT Act of 2003 authorized fines and/or imprisonment for up to 30 years for U.S. citizens or residents who engage in illicit sexual conduct abroad. ... Title 18 of the US Code deals with Crimes and Criminal Proceedings in five parts: Part I - Crimes Part II - Criminal Procedure Part III - Prisons and Prisoners Part IV - Correction of Youthful Offenders Part V - Immunity of Witnesses Title 18, specifically Part 1 > Chapter 113B > § 2331 and § 2332a(a)), is... The Miller test is the United States Supreme Courts test for determining whether speech or expression can be labeled obscene, in which case it is not protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution and can be prohibited. ...


In the case of the 11th Circuit in United States v. Williams, specific cartoon depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in overt sexual intercourse (not merely sexually explicit) was not deemed to satisfy the law as the content described in subsections (i) and (ii) is not constitutionally protected, speech that advertises or promotes such content does have the protection of the First Amendment. Accordingly, § 2252A(a)(3)(B) was held to be unconstitutionally overbroad. The Eleventh Circuit further held that the law was unconstitutionally vague, in that it did not adequately and specifically describe what sort of speech was criminally actionable.[40] The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: Middle District of Alabama Northern District of Alabama Southern District of Alabama Middle District of Florida Northern District of Florida Southern District of Florida Middle...


The Department of Justice has appealed the Eleventh Circuit's ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court. The case review docket is listed as 06-0694 and is unscheduled on the 2006-2007 schedule suggesting that it will not be reviewed until the U.S. Supreme Court reconvenes for the 2007-2008 session.[3] or will remain unheard by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ...


In December 2005, Dwight Whorley was convicted[41] under 18 U.S.C. 1466A(a)(1) on twenty counts for receiving "...obscene Japanese anime cartoons that graphically depicted prepubescent female children being forced to engage in genital-genital and oral-genital intercourse with adult males."[42] Whorley was also convicted under 18 U.S.C. 2252(a)(2) on fourteen accounts for receiving "...digital photographs of actual children engaging in sexually explicit conduct."[43][44] Whorley was on parole for earlier sex crimes at the time of the violations, although these convictions were independent of Whorley's violation of the terms of his parole.[45] The same FOIA-requested November 2006 United States Attorney's Bulletin describing the details of the conviction, concludes by suggesting that the precedent set by the Whorley case be used as a basis for future prosecutions of possession of such obscene cartoons. Because Whorley's charges were coupled with charges for possession of child pornography featuring real children, and he was on parole at the time, then the possibility of appealing the charges was far less feasible and far less attractive to civil rights groups like the American Civil Liberties Union. Dwight E. Whorley (51 years old) is the first person to be charged under the PROTECT Act of 2003 for ownership of lolicon (drawn, simulated) pornography. ... The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is the implementation of freedom of information legislation in the United States. ...


Neither Whorley's, nor any other conviction under this law has been reviewed by the Supreme Court.


According to the definitions provided in the United States v. Williams case, the definition of the term "child pornography" includes 'computer generated depictions of children that are indistinguishable from depictions of real children'. According to the same case, the term "indistinguishable" in terms of child pornography law 'does not apply to drawings, cartoons, sculptures, or paintings'. That is, drawings or cartoons are not "indistinguishable" and therefore not child pornography.


In February 2007, Senator John McCain introduced S.519, which would add a mandatory 10-year sentence in jail to anyone who uses the Internet to violate the PROTECT Act.[46] “McCain” redirects here. ... The PROTECT Act of 2003 is a multipurpose United States law intended to prevent child abuse. ...


See also

  • Shotacon, the male equivalent of lolicon.
  • Shōnen-ai, or 'Boys Love'. Mostly drawn by women and marketed to a female audience.
  • Moe, a similar aesthetic but less sexual in nature.

Shotacon ), sometimes shortened to shota ), is a Japanese term for a sexual complex where an adult is attracted to an underage boy, or in which two underage boys are attracted to one another. ... “Boys Love” redirects here. ... The properties that make a character moe are often difficult to define but easy to recognize. ... Due to the international nature of the Internet, Internet pornography carries with it special www. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... Pedophilia or paedophilia (see spelling differences) is the primary or exclusive sexual attraction by adults to prepubescent youths. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d Kinsella, Sharon. Adult Manga. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8248-2318-4
  2. ^ "The Darker Side of Cuteness," The Economist, May 8, 1999.
  3. ^ "Breaking the Mold," Sydney Morning Herald, October 7, 1995
  4. ^ "Teen prostitutes sell favors after school in Tokyo," by Willis Witter, Washington Times, April 6, 1997.
  5. ^ "TURNING JAPANESE? ;TURNING JAPANESE? I REALLY THINK SO," by Nick Currie. The Herald (Glasgow), September 26, 1998.
  6. ^ Gelder, Ken. The Subcultures Reader, 2nd ed. Oxon: Routledge, 2005. p. 547. ISBN 0-415-34415-8
  7. ^ Tim Richardson, "Child porn banned in Japan". The Register, 18 May 1999
  8. ^ Shinji Wada, "Kyabetsu-batake de tsumazuite" in Bessatsu Margaret, June, 1974, p.121
  9. ^ (Japanese) Maruta Hara and Kazuo Shimizu, "The Lolicon Dōjinshi Reviews" (ロリコン同人誌レビュー Rorikon dōjinshi rebyū?)[1] in Apple Pie, March, 1982, p.116
  10. ^ a b "Amateur Manga Subculture and the Otaku Panic", by Sharon Kinsella, Journal of Japanese Studies, Summer 1998. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  11. ^ original source: Animage, vol. 125, November 1988 Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  12. ^ Lolicon entry at Wiktionary
  13. ^ Glossary Entry: Lolicon Anime Meta-Review web site URL accessed May 13, 2006as
  14. ^ White House (2003-04-30). President Signs PROTECT Act. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  15. ^ Feedback to Japanese National Police Agency's New Law against "Manga, Anime, Game Expression". Akiba Angels 06/04/2006. Retrieved 2007-06-28
  16. ^ Diamond, Milton; Uchiyama, Ayako (1999). "Pornography, Rape and Sex Crimes in Japan". International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 22 (1): 1-22. Retrieved on 2007-06-11. 
  17. ^ "Lolicon Backlash in Japan" Anime News Network 01/13/2005. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  18. ^ "Serial killer Miyazaki must hang: Supreme Court", The Japan Times. 01/18/2006. Retrieved 2007-07-07.
  19. ^ "Court rules serial killer Miyazaki sane", The Japan Times, 06/29/01. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  20. ^ "Lolicon Backlash in Japan" Anime News Network 01/13/2005. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  21. ^ a b "Child porn, if animated, eludes regulators", by Akemi Nakamura, The Japan Times. 05/18/2005. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  22. ^ Australian Customs Service: Man fined $9000 for smuggling child pornography. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  23. ^ R. v. Sharpe (26 January 2001). Retrieved February 20, 2006.
  24. ^ Anime News Network (20 October 2005). Retrieved January 20, 2006.
  25. ^ CBC News (April 4, 2006)
  26. ^ R. v. Beattie (8 April 2005). Retrieved March 12, 2007.
  27. ^ Justitie (1 October 2002). Retrieved January 20, 2006.
  28. ^ Draft Convention on Cyber-crime (25 April 2000). Retrieved January 20, 2006.
  29. ^ Films, Videos, and Publications Classification Act 1993 Retrieved August 23, 2007.
  30. ^ Puni Puni Poemy: Banned in New Zealand Retrieved August 23, 2007.
  31. ^ (Norwegian) Lovdata - Straffeloven, 19. kapittel, Seksualforbrytelser, § 204a
  32. ^ (Norwegian) Lovdata - Straffeloven, 19. kapittel, Seksualforbrytelser, § 204 - "Pornoloven" ("The porn law")
  33. ^ Films and Publications Amendment Bill of 2003 (104kb pdf file). Retrieved on 14 January 2006.
  34. ^ (Swedish) Frågor och svar om sexuella övergrepp mot barn
  35. ^ House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 23 November 2006. Retrieved on 6 December 2006.
  36. ^ "Ban urged on child abuse images", BBC News, 2006-12-13. Retrieved on 2007-02-12. 
  37. ^ "Plan to tighten child abuse law", BBC News, 2007-04-02. Retrieved on 2007-05-28. 
  38. ^ Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition. Retrieved on 12 January 2006.
  39. ^ Bush signs child protection bill. Retrieved on May 1, 2003.
  40. ^ United States v. Williams (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  41. ^ Richmond man first convicted under expanded child-porn law. Retrieved on 12 January 2006.
  42. ^ Flannery, Sara E.; Damon A. King (November 2006). Prosecuting Obscene Representations of the Sexual Abuse of Children (PDF). Internet Pornography and Child Exploitation 50. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  43. ^ U.S. Department of Justice, Eastern District of Virginia (2006-03-10). Whorley Sentencing. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-05-14.
  44. ^ U.S. Department of Justice, Eastern District of Virginia (2005-11-30). Whorley Verdict. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-05-14.
  45. ^ Virginia Man Sentenced in Landmark Obscenity Case. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved on 2006-09-15. (March 10, 2006)
  46. ^ CNET News.com, Senator to propose surveillance of illegal images

Current logo of The Register. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Shinji Wada ), who was born on April 19, 1950, is a Japanese manga artist, known for the creation of the Sukeban Deka franchaise. ... Bessatsu Margaret (magazine) Bessatsu Margaret (or Betsuma for short) is a shōjo manga magazine published monthly in Japan by Shueisha. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... 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External links

Look up Lolicon in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Dictionary: lolicon (760 words)
Despite the fact that the age bracket is technically outside the realm of pedophilia, lolicon is frowned apon, especially in the west.
Lolicon, is the sexual depiction of someone under the age of sixteen.
Lolicon and pedophile have almost the same meaning, but the western adapted lolicon mostly count only person who is obbessed with drawings of female children, when in japanese it count both real female children and drawings of female children.
lolicon (682 words)
Kennywood brings the old-fashioned amusement park feel into the 21st Century.
2004 marked the opening of a new Garfield ride, built lolicon
The Vintage Indiana Wine & Food Festival was developed under the direction of the Indiana Wine Grape Council with help from Jill Ditmire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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