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Encyclopedia > Loire River
Loire
The Loire in Orléans.
Origin Massif Central
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
Basin countries France
Length 1,012 km
Source elevation 1,408 m
Avg. discharge 850 m³/s
Basin area 117,000 km²

The Loire River (pronounced /lwaʁ/ in French), the longest river in France with a length of just over 1000 km, drains an area of 117,000 km², more than a fifth of France. The central part of the Loire Valley was added on the World Heritage Sites list by the UNESCO On December 2, 2000. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 653 KB) En: The Loire River in Orléans, France. ... Orléans Cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; after being pillaged by Huguenots in the 1560s, the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... France, viewed from the NASA Shuttle Topography Radar Mission. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1797x1796, 887 KB) Summary Map of France with river Loire higlighted. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1797x1796, 887 KB) Summary Map of France with river Loire higlighted. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude this page lists lengths between 106 and 107 m (1,000 and 10,000 km). ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French Language. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Origin of the name

The name "Loire" comes from Latin Liger, which is itself a transcription of the native Gaulish (Celtic) name of the river. The Gaulish name of the river comes from the Gaulish word liga, which means "silt, sediment, deposit, alluvium", and which gave French lie, which in turn gave English lees. Liga comes from the Proto-Indo-European root *legh-, meaning "to lie, lay", which gave many words in English, such as to lie, to lay, ledge, law, etc. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Gaulish is name given to the now-extinct Celtic language that was spoken in Gaul before the Romans, the Franks and the British Celts invaded. ... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, spoken by ancient and modern Celts alike. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Lees refers to deposits of dead yeast or residual yeast and other particles that precipitate, or are carried by the action of fining, to the bottom of a vat of wine after fermentation and aging. ... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ...


In French the adjective derived from the river is ligérien, as in le climat ligérien ("the climate of the Loire Valley"), a climate considered the most pleasant of northern France, with warmer winters and, more generally, fewer extremes in temperatures than in more continental climates.


Geography

Originating in the north-eastern part of the southern Cévennes highlands, the Loire flows roughly northward through Roanne and Nevers to Orléans and thereafter westward through Tours to the Atlantic at Nantes. The river's randomness has sometimes resulted in serious flooding, notably in 1856, 1866 and 1910. Fields in the Causse Mejean upland. ... Roanne is a town and commune in southern France in the Loire département, about 90km north-west of Lyon. ... Palais Ducal Nevers is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Nivernais. ... Orléans Cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; after being pillaged by Huguenots in the 1560s, the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... The Atlantic Ocean forms a component of the all-encompassing World Ocean and is directly linked to the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Picture of flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow (the Villerest dam, built in 1985 a few kilometers south of Roanne, has played a key-role in preventing recent flooding). As a result, the Loire is a very popular river for boating excursions, flowing through a pastoral countryside, past limestone cliffs and storybook castles. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Roanne is a town and commune in southern France in the Loire département, about 90km north-west of Lyon. ... A château ( French for castle; plural châteaux) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of gentry, usually French, with or without fortifications. ...


Tributaries

Allier is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ... Cher is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ... Indre is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ... The Loiret near Olivet, south of Orléans The Loiret River, in France, is a 12 km long tributary to the Loire River. ... The Maine (Fr: Le Maine) is a river, a tributary of the Loire, 12 km (7 mi. ... Mayenne is a river in western France. ... Sarthe is a river in western France. ... Loir is a river in western France. ... The Vienne River is a river in France. ... Erdre is a river in western France, tributary to the river Loire. ...

Départements and towns

The Loire River as it flows through Blois.
The Loire River as it flows through Blois.

Several départements of France were named after the Loire. The Loire flows through the following départements and towns: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Loire River as it flows through Blois. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Loire River as it flows through Blois. ... Blois is a city in France, the préfecture (capital) city of the Loir-et-Cher département, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ...

Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ... Haute-Loire is a département in south-central France named after the Loire River. ... Saint Michel dAiguilhe Chapel Le Puy-en-Velay (Lo Puèi de Velai in the Auvergnat dialect of the Occitan language, pronounced [lu/lÉ™ ˈpÅ“j dÉ™ ˈvÉ™laj]) is a commune of south-central France, préfecture (capital) of the Haute-Loire département. ... This article is about the French department. ... Feurs is a commune of the Loire département, in France. ... Roanne is a town and commune in southern France in the Loire département, about 90km north-west of Lyon. ... Saône-et-Loire is a French département, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies. ... Digoin is a commune of the Saône-et-Loire département, in France. ... Allier is a département in south-central France named after the Allier River. ... Nièvre is a département in the center of France named after the Nièvre River. ... Palais Ducal Nevers is a commune of central France, the préfecture (capital) of the Nièvre département, in the former province of Nivernais. ... Cher is a département in the center of France. ... Sancerre is a town and commune of the Cher département, in central France. ... Loiret is a département in north-central France named after the Loiret River. ... Gien is a commune of the Loiret département, in France. ... Orléans Cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; after being pillaged by Huguenots in the 1560s, the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. ... Loir-et-Cher is a département in north-central France named after its two principal rivers. ... Blois is a city in France, the préfecture (capital) city of the Loir-et-Cher département, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours. ... Indre-et-Loire is a département in west-central France named after the Indre and the Loire rivers. ... Amboise is a medieval town and a commune of France, in the Indre-et-Loire département, on the banks of the Loire River, 14 miles east of Tours. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Maine-et-Loire is a département in west-central France. ... Saumur is a small city and commune in the Maine-et-Loire département of France on the Loire River, with an approximate population of 30,000 (in 2001). ... Loire-Atlantique (formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department on the west coast of France named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean. ... Ancenis is a town and commune of the Loire-Atlantique département, in France. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Saint-Nazaire is also a commune of the Gard département of France. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Loire River

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French Language. ... This is an alphabetical list of rivers, which are at least partially located in France. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Nantes Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Departments Loire-Atlantique Mayenne Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Vendée Arrondissements 17 Cantons 192 Communes 1,503 Statistics Land area1 32,082 km² Population (Ranked 5th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Loire River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (371 words)
The name "Loire" comes from Latin Liger, which is itself a transcription of the native Gaulish (Celtic) name of the river.
Unlike most other rivers in western Europe, there are very few dams or locks creating obstacles to its natural flow (the Villerest dam, built in 1985 a few kilometers south of Roanne, has played a key-role in preventing recent flooding).
As a result, the Loire is a very popular river for boating excusions, flowing through a pastoral countryside, past limestone cliffs and storybook castles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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