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Encyclopedia > Logographer (history)

The logographers (from the Ancient Greek λογογράφος, logographos, a compound of λόγος, logos, here meaning 'story' or 'prose', and γράφω, grapho, 'write') were the Greek historiographers and chroniclers before Herodotus, "the father of history". Herodotus himself called his predecessors λογοποιόι (logopoioi, from ποιέω, poieo, 'to make'). Thucydides applies the name to all who preceded him, including Herodotus (I, 21). The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA // – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... Historiography is writing about rather than of history. ... Herodotus was an ancient historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC - c. ... Thucydides (between 460 and 455 BC - 395 BC) was an ancient Greek historian, and the author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens. ...


Their representatives with one exception came from Ionia and its islands, which from their position were most favourably situated for the acquisition of knowledge concerning the distant countries of East and West. They wrote in the Ionic dialect in what was called the unperiodic style (see below) and preserved the poetic character, if not the style, of their epic model. Their criticism amounts to nothing more than a crude attempt to rationalize the current legends and traditions connected with the founding of cities, the genealogies of ruling families, and the manners and customs of individual peoples. Of scientific criticism there is no trace whatever, and so they are often called chroniclers rather than historians. Ionian Islands Ionia (Greek Ιωνία) was an ancient region of western coastal of Anatolia (now in Turkey). ... Ionic Greek was a sub-dialect of the so called Attic-Ionic dialectal group of the ancient Greek language, which was itself a member of the Greek branch of Indoeuropean language family. ... Generally a chronicle (Latin chronica) is historical account of facts and events in chronological order. ... History is a term for information about the past. ...


The first logographer of note was Cadmus (dated to the 6th century BC), a perhaps mythical resident of Miletus, who wrote on the history of his city. Other logographers flourished from the middle of the 6th century BC until the Greco-Persian Wars; Pherecydes of Leros, who died about 400 BC, is generally considered the last. Hecataeus (6th–5th century BC), in his Genealogiai, was the first of them to attempt (not entirely successfully) to separate the mythic past from the true historic past, which marked a crucial step in the development of genuine historiography. He is the only source that Herodotus cites by name. After Herodotus, the genre declined, but regained some popularity in the Hellenistic era. (7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC - other centuries) (600s BC - 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - other decades) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Cyrus the Great conquered many... In Greek mythology, Miletus was the founder of the city described below. ... The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and lasted until 448 BC. The term can also refer to the continual warfare of the Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire against the Parthians and... The Greek mythographer Pherecydes of Leros (c. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC - 400s BC - 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC Years: 405 BC 404 BC 403 BC 402 BC 401 BC - 400 BC - 399 BC 398 BC... For the later historian of this name, see Hecataeus of Abdera. ... (6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Demotic becomes the dominant script of ancient Egypt Persians invade Greece twice (Persian Wars) Battle of Marathon (490) Battle of Salamis (480) Athenian empire formed and falls Peloponnesian War... Greek mythology comprises the collected legends of Greek gods and goddesses and ancient heroes and heroines, originally created and spread within an oral-poetic tradition. ... Herodotus was an ancient historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC - c. ... The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance...


The logographers, though they worked within the same mythic tradition, were distinct from the epic poets of the Trojan War cycle because they wrote in prose, in a non-periodic style which Aristotle (Rhetoric, 1049a 29) calls λέξις εἰρομένη (lexis eiromenê, from εἴρω, eiro, 'attach, join up'), that is, a "continuous" or "running" style. In mathematics, see epic morphism. ... The Trojan War cycle was a collection of eight Ancient Greek epic poems that related the history of the Trojan War. ... Aristotle (sculpture) Aristotle ( Greek: Αριστοτέλης Aristotelēs) ( 384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher. ...


Famous logographers

Dionysius of Halicarnassus (On Thucydides, 5) names those who were most famous in the classical world. They are noted with an asterisk (*) in the following incomplete list of logographers: Dionysius Halicarnassensis (of Halicarnassus), Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric, flourished during the reign of Augustus. ...

  • Acusilaus of Argos, who paraphrased in prose, correcting the tradition where it seemed necessary, the genealogical works of Hesiod in the Ionic dialect. He confined his attention to the prehistoric period and made no attempt at a real history.
  • Cadmus of Miletus*
  • Charon* of Lampsacus, author of histories of Persia, Libya, and Ethiopia, and of annals of his native town, with lists of the prytaneis and archons, and of the chronicles of Lacedaemonian kings.
  • Damastes of Sigeum, pupil of Hellanicus, author of genealogies of the combatants before Troy and an ethnographic and statistical list of short treatises on poets, sophists, and geographical subjects.
  • Hecataeus* of Miletus
  • Hellanicus of Lesbos*
  • Hippys* and Glaucus, both of Rhegium; the first wrote histories of Italy and Sicily, the second a treatise on ancient poets and musicians which was used by Harpocration and Plutarch
  • Melesagoras* of Chalcedon
  • Pherecydes of Leros*
  • Stesimbrotus of Thasos, opponent of Pericles and reputed author of a political pamphlet on Themistocles, Thucydides, and Pericles.
  • Xanthus*, of Sardis in Lydia, author of a history of Lydia and one of the chief authorities used by Nicolaus of Damascus.

Acusilaus or Akousilaos of Argos, son of Cabas or Scabras, was a Greek historian and mythographer who flourished around 500 BC but whose work survives only in fragments and summaries of individual points. ... Hesiod (Hesiodos) was an early Greek poet and rhapsode, believed to have lived around the year 700 BC. From the 5th century BC literary historians have debated the priority of Hesiod or of Homer. ... Lampsacus was an ancient Greek city strategically located on the eastern side of the Hellespont in the northern Troad. ... The prytaneis (literally presidents) of ancient Athens were members of the boule chosen to perform executive tasks during their term (a prytany), which lasted about one month and then was rotated to other members of the boule. ... For other uses, see Archon (disambiguation). ... Lacedaemon, or Lakedaimon, Grk. ... For the later historian of this name, see Hecataeus of Abdera. ... Hellanicus of Lesbos (in Ancient Greek Hellanicós) (born in Mytilene on the isle of Lesbos in 490 BC) was an ancient Greek logographer who flourished during the latter half of the 5th century BC. He is reputed to have lived to the age of 85. ... In Greek mythology, Glaucus (shiny or bright or bluish-green) referred to several different people. ... Categories: Italy-related stubs | Coastal cities | Towns in Calabria ... Valerius Harpocration was a Greek grammarian of Alexandria, of unknown date. ... Mestrius Plutarch (c. ... Chalcedon (Χαλκεδον, sometimes transliterated by purists as Chalkedon) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari. ... The Greek mythographer Pherecydes of Leros (c. ... Thasos, is the name of an island in the north of the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Thrace and the plain of the river Nestus (now the Kara-Su). ... For the Shakespeare play, see Pericles, Prince of Tyre Pericles (c. ... Themistocles (ca. ... Sardis, (also Sardes) the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, the seat of a conventus under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times, was situated in the middle Hermus valley, at the foot of Mt. ... See 110 Lydia for the asteroid. ...

Sources

  • The History of History; Shotwell, James T. (NY, Columbia University Press, 1939)
  • The Ancient Greek Historians; Bury, John Bagnell (NY, Dover Publications, 1958)

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. John Bagnell Bury (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927) was an eminent British historian, classical scholar, and philologist. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


 
 

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