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Encyclopedia > Logistics
Look up Logistics in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Inside Nexus Distribution, a United States-based logistics provider. Image shows goods stacked on pallets with forklift.
Inside Nexus Distribution, a United States-based logistics provider. Image shows goods stacked on pallets with forklift.

Logistics is the art and science of managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult or nearly impossible to accomplish any international trading, global export/import processes, international repositioning of raw materials/products and manufacturing without a professional logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Matt Gresham, better known as Logistics, is a drum and bass music producer and DJ from Cambridge, UK.[2] He is signed to Hospital Records and has been releasing music since 2004,[3] which he creates using the Reason 2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2229 KB)Inside the Allentown, PA, United States warehouse of third party logistics company, Nexus Distribution. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2229 KB)Inside the Allentown, PA, United States warehouse of third party logistics company, Nexus Distribution. ... Good. ... The ASCII codes for the word Wikipedia represented in binary, the numeral system most commonly used for encoding computer information. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Trade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Trade centers on the exchange of goods and/or services. ... Raw describes material that is in its natural unprocessed form, or has not had the final stages of processing. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... A professional can be either a person in a profession (certain types of skilled work requiring formal training / education) or in sports (a sportsman / sportwoman doing sports for payment). ... Look up integration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Inventory is a list of goods and materials, or those goods and materials themselves, held available in stock by a business. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... Raw describes material that is in its natural unprocessed form, or has not had the final stages of processing. ...


Logistics and Supply Chain services are provided by a wide range of 3rd party suppliers.

Contents

Origins and definition

The word of logistics originates from the ancient Greek logos (λόγος), which means “ratio, word, calculation, reason, speech, oration”. Look up logos in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Logistics is an idea considered to have transformed from the military's need to supply themselves as they moved from their base to a forward position. In ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine empires, there were military officers with the title ‘Logistikas’ who were responsible for financial and supply distribution matters.


Logistician is the profession in the logistics & transport sector, including sea, air, land and rail modes. Qualifications for logisticians can carry post-nominal letters. Common examples include FCILT/CMILT (by The Chartered Institute of Logistics & Transport) (CILT), EJLog/ESLog/EMLog (by European Logistics Association) (ELA), CML/CPL (by International Society of Logistics) (SOLE), JrLog/Log/SrLog (by China Federation of Logistics & Purchasing) (CFLP), FHKLA/MHKLA (by Hong Kong Logistics Association) (HKLA), PLS/CTL/DLP (by American Society of Transportation & Logistics) (AST&L).


The Oxford English dictionary defines logistics as: “The branch of military science having to do with procuring, maintaining and transporting material, personnel and facilities.”Another dictionary definition is: "The time related positioning of resources." As such, logistics is commonly seen as a branch of engineering which creates "people systems" rather than "machine systems".... Military science concerns itself with the study of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... Engineering is the design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...


Military logistics

In military logistics, experts manage how and when to move resources to the places they are needed. In military science, maintaining one's supply lines while disrupting those of the enemy is a crucial—some would say the most crucial—element of military strategy, since an armed force without food, fuel and ammunition is defenseless. Military logistics is the art and science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces. ... It has been suggested that Management system be merged into this article or section. ... Military stratagem in the Battle of Waterloo. ...


The defeat of the British in the American War of Independence, and the defeat of Erwin Rommel in World War II, have been largely attributed to logistical failure. The historical leaders Hannibal Barca, Alexander the Great and the Duke of Wellington are considered to have been logistical geniuses. Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel ( ) (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of the most distinguished German field marshals of World War II. He was the commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps and also became known by the nickname “The Desert Fox” (Wüstenfuchs,  ) for the skillful military campaigns he... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Hannibal Barca (247 BC – c. ... Wars of Alexander the Great Chaeronea – Thebes – Granicus – Miletus – Halicarnassus – Issus – Tyre – Gaugamela – Persian Gate – Sogdian Rock – Hydaspes River Alexander the Great (Greek: ,[1][2] Megas Alexandros; July 20 356 BC – June 10 323 BC), also known as Alexander III, was an Ancient Greek king of Macedon (336–323 BC). ... Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS (c. ...


Logistics management

Main article: Logistics Management

Logistics management is that part of the supply chain which plans, implements and controls the efficient, effective forward and reverse flow and storage of goods, services and related information between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet customers' requirements. A professional working in the field of logistics management is called a logistician. == Logistics management is all about trade and commerce. ... A supply chain, logistics network, or supply network is a coordinated system of organizations, people, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service in physical or virtual manner from supplier to customer. ...


The Chartered Institute of Logistics & Transport (CILT) was established in the United Kingdom in 1919 and was granted the Royal Charter in 1926. The Chartered Institute is one of professional bodies or institutions for the logistics & transport sectors, that offers such professional qualification or degree in logistics management. A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ... This article or section should be merged with professional association A professional body or professional organization is an organisation, usually non-profit, that exists to further a particular profession, to protect both the public interest and the interests of professionals. ... A professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation often called simply certification or qualification is a designation earned by a person to certify that he is qualified to perform a job. ...


Business logistics

Logistics as a business concept evolved only in the 1950s. This was mainly due to the increasing complexity of supplying one's business with materials and shipping out products in an increasingly globalized supply chain, calling for experts in the field who are called Supply Chain Logisticians. This can be defined as having the right item in the right quantity at the right time at the right place for the right price and is the science of process and incorporates all industry sectors. The goal of logistics work is to manage the fruition of project life cycles, supply chains and resultant efficiencies. In software engineering, a project lifecycle models how a project is planned, controlled and monitored from its inception to its completion. ... A supply chain, logistics network, or supply network is a coordinated system of organizations, people, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service in physical or virtual manner from supplier to customer. ...


In business, logistics may have either internal focus (inbound logistics), or external focus (outbound logistics) covering the flow and storage of materials from point of origin to point of consumption (see supply chain management). The main functions of a qualified logistician include inventory management, purchasing, transportation, warehousing, consultation and the organizing and planning of these activities. Logisticians combine a professional knowledge of each of these functions so that there is a coordination of resources in an organization. There are two fundamentally different forms of logistics. One optimizes a steady flow of material through a network of transport links and storage nodes. The other coordinates a sequence of resources to carry out some project. Supply chain management (SCM) is the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the operations of the supply chain as efficiently as possible. ... In business management, inventory consists of a list of goods and materials held available in stock. ... Purchasing refers to a function in business whereby the enterprise obtains the inputs for what it produces, as well as other goods and services it requires. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ... The Consultation was a 19th century meeting of the Texas colonists who were in open rebellion against the Republic of Mexico in 1835. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In mathematics, a sequence is a list of objects (or events) arranged in a linear fashion, such that the order of the members is well defined and significant. ...


Production logistics

The term is used for describing logistic processes within an industry. The purpose of production logistics is to ensure that each machine and workstation is being fed with the right product in the right quantity and quality at the right point in time.


The issue is not the transportation itself, but to streamline and control the flow through the value adding processes and eliminate non-value adding ones. Production logistics can be applied in existing as well as new plants. Manufacturing in an existing plant is a constantly changing process. Machines are exchanged and new ones added, which gives the opportunity to improve the production logistics system accordingly. Production logistics provides the means to achieve customer response and capital efficiency.


See also

Commercial Vehicle Operations is an application of Intelligent Transportation Systems for trucks A typical system would be purchased by the managers of a trucking company. ... Shipping containers at a terminal in Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. ... Cross-docking is a practice in logistics of unloading materials from an incoming semi-trailer truck or rail car and loading these materials in outbound trailers or rail cars, with little or no storage in between. ... The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is the largest agency in the United States Department of Defense, with about 22,000 civilian and military personnel throughout the world. ... The Defence Logistics Organisation is an agency of the United Kingdom MoD charged with managing the storage and supply chain assets of the Ministry and the British Armed Forces. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Distribution is one of the 4 aspects of marketing. ... Food distribution is a vital factor in public nutrition. ... In general, it is exactly logistics of information. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The term deep sea refers to those areas of oceans to which little or no light penetrates (the aphotic zone). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management (ISSN: 0960-0035) [1] is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited. ... Just In Time (JIT) is an inventory strategy implemented to improve the return on investment of a business by reducing in-process inventory and its associated costs. ... Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Logistics automation is the application of computer software and / or automated machinery to improve the efficiency of logistics operations. ... Liquid Logistics is a special category of logistics that relates to liquid products, and is utilized extensively in the Supply Chain for Liquids discipline. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up marketing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Matériel (from the French for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ... Medical logistics focuses the general functions of logistics -- procurement, transportation, and storage -- to the specific product types, characteristics, and information content of pharmaceuticals, medical-surgical supplies, medical devices, and other products needed to support doctors, nurses, and other health and dental care providers. ... Military Supply Chain Management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services. ... A sealed pack of diced pork from Tesco. ... A wooden pallet A plastic pallet with nine legs, which can be lifted from all four sides A Pallet can also be a small, hard, or temporary bed (a term heavily used in the southern United States to describe a makeshift bed consisting of a blanket and a pillow on... Reverse logistics is the logistics process of removing new or used products from their initial point in a supply chain, such as returns from consumers, over stocked inventory, or outdated merchandise and redistributing them using disposition management rules that will result in maximized value at the end of the items... Supply chain management (SCM) is the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the operations of the supply chain as efficiently as possible. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Supply chain. ... First, the business-man and shop-keeper - later to become responsible for pay as well - the Supply Officer of the British Royal Navy is now known as the Logistics Officer but was known in centuries past as the Clerk, Bursar, Purser and Paymaster. ... A third-party logistics provider (abbreviated 3PL) is a firm that provides outsourced or third party logistics services to companies for part or sometimes all of their supply chain management function. ... Logistics In logistics, tracking and tracing is the concept of getting virtually hold of propriety that is in process of forwarding from any origin to any other destination through various hubs and passing along spokes, thus leaving the problem to obtain authentic knowledge about the momentary location and other status... A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Logistics Management Homepage (721 words)
Cougar Express Logistics, a subsidiary of Menlo World, a third-party logistics (3PL) services provider owned by Con-way, said earlier this week it was awarded a three-year contract by the Danfoss Group to establish, deploy, and serve as its Asia-Pacific Central Distribution Center (CDC) warehouse operator in Singapore.
Third-party logistics (3PL) services provider Mallory Alexander International Logistics said this week it has launched M-Pact Solutions, a new unit focused on developing global commerce-related strategies and providing services and architecture for shippers, 3PLs, receivers, and distributors.
Anderson is CEO of the International Warehouse Logistics Association (IWLA, www.iwla.com).
Logistics World: The Worldwide Directory of Transportation and Logistics (1436 words)
Logistics World is your guide to sites related to logistics, logistics management, freight, transportation, supply chain management, warehousing, distribution, maintenance, manufacturing, management, travel, tourism, reliability, business, and quality sites on the web.
Logistics World provides businesses and professionals in the field of transportation, logistics, and supply chain management the opportunity to enter their business or company information in the Logistics World Logistics Directory.
SOLE - The International Society of Logistics - a non-profit international professional society composed of individuals organized to enhance the art and science of logistics technology, education and management.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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