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Encyclopedia > Lockheed Lodestar
C-56 Lodestar
C-56 Lodestar
Description
Role Transport
Crew 3
First flight September 21, 1939
Entered service March 30, 1940
Manufacturer Lockheed
Dimensions
Length 49 ft 10 in 15.2 m
Wingspan 65 ft 6 in 20 m
Height 11 ft 10 in 3.6 m
Wing area 551 ft² 51.2 m²
Weights
Empty 12,000 lb 5,440 kg
Loaded 17,500 lb 7,940 kg
Maximum takeoff lb kg
Capacity 14 passengers
Powerplant
Engine 2 × Pratt & Whitney Hornet S1C3-G
Power (each) 1,050 hp 780 kW
Performance
Maximum speed 265 mph @ 13,300 ft 426 km/h @ 4,050 m
Combat range 1,700 miles 2,740 km
Ferry range km miles
Service ceiling 25,400 ft 7,740 m
Rate of climb 1,600 ft/min 490 m/min

The Lockheed 18 Lodestar was a passenger transport aircraft of the Second World War era. The prototype, which first flew in 1939, was constructed from one of a batch of Lockheed L-14 Super Electras which had been returned to the manufacturer by Northwest Airlines after a series of crashes of L-14s. The fuselage was lengthened by 5 feet (1.5 m), enabling the fitting of two more rows of seats and hopefully making the aircraft more economical to operate. However, most US airlines were by then committed to purchasing the Douglas DC-3, and Lockheed found the Lodestar difficult to sell at home. Lockheed C-56 Lodestar transport. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1939: Events January January 12 - the RAF Auxiliary Air Force Reserve is formed February February 9 - Alex Henshaw sets a new speed record for the round trip between England and Cape Town in 4 days 10 minutes in a Percival Mew... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in Leap years). ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1940: Events March March 16 - Britain suffers its first civilian air-raid casualties of the war after a raid by KG 26 on Scapa Flow March 25 - the US government grants permission to the countrys aircraft manufacturers to sell advanced... The Lockheed SR-71, remarkably advanced for its time and unsurpassed in many areas of performance The Lockheed U-2 first flew in 1955 providing much needed intelligence on Soviet bloc countries Lockheed Corporation was an aerospace company founded in 1912 which merged with Martin Marietta in 1995 to form... The Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet was an engine widely used in American aircraft from the 1920s through 1940s. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1939: Events January January 12 - the RAF Auxiliary Air Force Reserve is formed February February 9 - Alex Henshaw sets a new speed record for the round trip between England and Cape Town in 4 days 10 minutes in a Percival Mew... The Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra was a civil cargo and passenger aircraft built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation during the late 1930s. ... Northwest Airlines (IATA: NW, ICAO: NWA, and Callsign: Northwest) is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, with three major hubs in the United States: Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, and Memphis International Airport. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft which revolutionised air transport in the 1930s and 1940s, and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ...


Overseas sales were a little better, with 29 bought by the government of the Netherlands East Indies. South African Airways (21), TCA (12) and BOAC (9) were the biggest airline customers. Various Pratt & Whitney and Wright Cyclone powerplants were installed. The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands Indië) was the name of the colonies colonised by the Dutch East India Company which came under administration of the Netherlands during the ninteenth century (see Indonesia). ... South African Airways (SAA), known simply as South African on their aircraft colour scheme, is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company. ... The term TCA can refer to more than one thing: TCA is the tricarboxylic acid cycle or citric acid cycle (Krebs Cycle) TCA is Trans Canada Airlines TCA is an acronym for tricyclic antidepressants TCA is shorthand for 2,4,6-trichloroanisole, the chief cause of cork taint in wine. ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... Pratt & Whitney is an American owned aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... Wright Cyclone was the name given to a family of air-cooled radial piston engines designed by Curtiss-Wright, and used in numerous American aircraft in the 1930s and 1940s. ...


When the United States started to build up its military air strength in 1940-41, American operated and part-built Lodestars were impressed for Army or Navy services under various designations.


US Army Lodestars

  • C-56 (1) with 760hp Wright R-1820.
  • C-56A, C-56B, C-56C, C-56D, C-56E (25 in all) with Pratt & Whitney R-1690
  • C-57A, C-57B (1+7) with Pratt & Whitney R-1830. The C-57Bs were converted as troop ships.
  • C-57C (3) Repowered C-60A with Pratt & Whitney R-1830-51.
  • C-57D (1) Repowered C-57A with Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92.
  • C-59 (10) with Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet. Transferred to RAF as Lodestar Mk.IA.
  • C-60 (36) with Wright R-1820-87. Transferred to RAF as Lodestar Mk.II.
  • C-60A (125) with Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp. Ordered by the Army as troop-carriers.
  • XC-60B (1) C-60A with experimental de-icing equipment.
  • C-60C (None) Proposed 21-seat troop transport aircraft, never built.
  • C-66 (1) as C-60, transferred to Brazilian Air force.

The Wright R-1820 Cyclone 9 was an engine widely used in American aircraft in the 1930s and 1940s. ... The Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet was an engine widely used in American aircraft from the 1920s through 1940s. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft piston engines ... The Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet was an engine widely used in American aircraft from the 1920s through 1940s. ...

US Navy Lodestars

  • XR5O-1 (1) 1,200 hp (895 kW) Wright R-1820-40.
  • R5O-1 (3) 1,200 (895 kW) Wright R-1820-97. One was for the US Coast Guard.
  • R5O-2 (1) 850 hp (634 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1690-25
  • R5O-3 (2) 1,200 hp (895 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-34A. Originally 4-seater VIP transports.
  • R5O-4 (12) 1,200 hp (895 kW) Wright R-1820-40. Impressed. 7-seater staff transports.
  • R5O-5 (14) 1,200 hp (895 kW) Wright R-1820-40. Similar to the R5O-4 but had 14-seats.
  • R5O-6 (35) Transferred USAAF C-60A-5-LOs transferred to the USN (US Marine Corps). 18 paratroop seats.

Lodestars also served with the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and South African Air Force. Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The RAAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force, with the central circle replaced by a Kangaroo, a symbol of Australia. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... SAAF flag The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the Air Force of South Africa. ...


A total of 625 Lodestars of all variants were built. After the war they returned to civilian service, mostly as executive transports, or in aerial topdressing. Around 10-15 are still airworthy in the USA alone. Aerial Topdressing is the spreading of fertilisers such as Superphosphate over farm land. ...


Related content

Designation sequence:

  • Lockheed sequence: L-10 - L-12 - L-14/L-14 - L-18/L-18 - L-20 - L-22 -
  • Army sequence: C-53 - C-54 - C-55 - C-56 - C-57 - C-58 - C-59 - C-60 - C-61 - C-62 - C-63 - C-64 - C-65 - C-66 - C-67 - C-68 -C-69
  • Navy sequence: R2O - R3O - XR4O - R5O - R6O - R7O - RQ

Related development: The Lockheed L-10 Electra was built Lockheed by Lockheed to compete with the Ford Trimotor. ... The Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra was a civil cargo and passenger aircraft built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation during the late 1930s. ... Lockheed Hudson Mk V The Lockheed Hudson was a light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of World War II. The Hudson was the first significant aircraft construction contract for the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation—the initial RAF order for 200... Lockheed PV-1 Ventura The Lockheed Ventura was a bomber and patrol aircraft of World War II, used by American and British forces in several guises. ... P-38 may also refer to the P-38, an army-issue can opener, or to the Walther P38 handgun The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was one of the most important American fighters of the Second World War. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... The Douglas C-54 Skymaster was a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Force in World War II. Like the C-47 Skytrain, the C-54 Skymaster was derived from a civilian airliner (the DC-4). ... The Curtiss C-46 Commando was a transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Force during World War II. Also known to the men who flew them as The Whale. The C-46 served a similar role as its brother the Douglas C-47 Skytrain, but was not... Douglas B-18A Bolo The Douglas B-18 Bolo was a United States Army Air Corps and Royal Canadian Air Force bomber of the late 1930s and early 1940s based on the Douglas DC-2. ... The Fairchild C-61, a single-engine monoplane aircraft, was a US Army Air Corps adaption of the four place Fairchild Model 24 used as a light transport aircraft. ... Lockheed Hudson Mk V The Lockheed Hudson was a light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of World War II. The Hudson was the first significant aircraft construction contract for the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation—the initial RAF order for 200... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... TWA was one of the most well-known Constellation operators. ... The Lockheed L-10 Electra was built Lockheed by Lockheed to compete with the Ford Trimotor. ... The Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra was a civil cargo and passenger aircraft built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation during the late 1930s. ... TWA was one of the most well-known Constellation operators. ... TWA was one of the most well-known Constellation operators. ...

Similar aircraft: The Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra was a civil cargo and passenger aircraft built by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation during the late 1930s. ...

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Related lists:

  This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype, pre-production and operational types. ...



Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lockheed Lodestar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (446 words)
The Lockheed Lodestar was a passenger transport aircraft of the Second World War era.
The prototype, which first flew in 1939, was constructed from one of a batch of Lockheed L-14 Super Electras which had been returned to the manufacturer by Northwest Airlines after a series of crashes of L-14s.
Lodestars also served with the Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force and South African Air Force.
Lockheed Lodestar N31G Virtual Exhibit (579 words)
The Lodestar is in excellent mechanical condition, is licensed and airworthy.
Lockheed's Model 18 Lodestar was developed in the late 1930s.
TACA also leased the Lodestar to Linea Aero de Columbia S.A. In 1947, the War Asset Corporation sold the Lodestar to Grubb Oil Co., and it was converted to executive configuation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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