In mathematics, something is said to occur locally in the category of topological spaces if it occurs on "small enough" open sets. Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Mathematics Wikiquote quotations related to: Mathematics Look up Mathematics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikimedia Commons has more media related to: Mathematics Bogomolny, Alexander: Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles. ...
Binary relation
Given some notion of equivalence (e.g., homeomorphism, diffeomorphism, isometry) between topological spaces, two spaces are locally equivalent if every point of the first space has a neighborhood which is equivalent to a neighborhood of the second space. This word should not be confused with homomorphism. ...
In mathematics, a diffeomorphism is a kind of isomorphism of smooth manifolds. ...
In geometry and mathematical analysis, an isometry is a bijective distancepreserving mapping. ...
Topological spaces are structures that allow one to formalize concepts such as convergence, connectedness and continuity. ...
For instance, the circle and the line are very different objects. One cannot stretch the circle to look like the line, nor compress the line to fit on the circle without gaps or overlaps. However, a small piece of the circle can be stretched and flattened out to look like a small piece of the line. For this reason, one may say that the circle and the line are locally equivalent. Similarly, the sphere are the plane are locally equivalent. A small enough observer standing on the surface of a sphere (e.g., a person and the Earth) would find it indistinguishable from a plane.
Unary relation If P Is a property of topological spaces, then a space is sometimes said to be "locally P" if every point of the space has a neighborhood system of sets with property P. Such is the case with In topology and related areas of mathematics, the neighbourhood system or neighbourhood filter for a point x is the collection of all neighbourhoods for the point x. ...
An exception is a locally closed subset of a topological space, which is simply the intersection of an open set and a closed set. In topology and related branches of mathematics, a topological space is called locally compact if, roughly speaking, each small portion of the space looks like a small portion of a compact space. ...
In topology and related branches of mathematics, a topological space X is said to be disconnected if it is the union of two disjoint nonempty open sets. ...
In topology and related branches of mathematics, a topological space X is said to be disconnected if it is the union of two disjoint nonempty open sets. ...
This is a glossary of some terms used in the branch of mathematics known as topology. ...
