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Calque In linguistics, a calque ([kælk]) or loan translation (itself a calque of German Lehnübersetzung) consists of the borrowing of a phrase from one language into another, in the process of which individual words native to the borrowing language semantically match the individual words in the source language. The word is also used as a verb: to calque means to loan translate from another language to create a new lexeme in the target language.
Calques from French English calques French breakfast déjeuner (which now means ). lunch English forget-me-not calques French ne m'oubliez mie English calques French Governor-General gouverneur général English calques French free verse vers libre English old guard calques French Vieille Garde (the imperial guard of Napoleon I) English Adam's apple calques French pomme d'Adam, meaning pomegranate (which in turn was influenced by Arabic rummāna) English calques French flea market marché aux puces
Calques from German English calques German Superman Übermensch English standpoint calques German Standpunkt English calques German worldview Weltanschauung English calques German empathy Einfühlung English calques German antibody Antikörper
Calques from Latin English calques Latin Commonwealth (which has also become res publica ) Republic English calques Latin commonplace locus commūnis (referring to a generally applicable literary passage), which itself is a calque of Greek koinos topos English devil's advocate calques Latin advocātus diabolī, referring to an official appointed to present arguments against a proposed canonization or beatification in the Catholic Church English calques Latin dog days diēs canīculāris English calques Latin wisdom tooth dēns sapientiae English calques Latin vicious circle circulus vitiōsus English calques Latin Milky Way via lactea
English calques Spanish blue-blood sangre azul English moment of truth calques Spanish el momento de la verdad
Examples of French expressions calqued from English include:
French lune de miel calques English honeymoon French gratte-ciel calques English skyscraper French jardin d'enfants calques German Kindergarten
German German Wolkenkratzer calques English skyscraper German Nashorn calques the ultimately Greek rhinoceros German Großmutter and Großvater calque French grand-mère and grand-père, respectively
Results from FactBites:
Calque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1123 words)
In linguistics, a calque (pronounced /kÃ¦lk/) or loan translation is a phrase borrowed from another language by literal word-for-word translation.
"Loan translation" is itself a calque of German LehnÃ¼bersetzung.
The word is also used as a verb: to calque means to loan translate from another language to create a new lexeme in the target language.
Loanword - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (856 words)
By contrast, a calque or loan translation is a related process whereby it is the meaning or idiom that is borrowed rather than the lexical item itself.
Idiomatic expressions and phrases, sometimes translated word-for-word, can be borrowed, usually from a language that has "prestige" at the time.
Direct loans, expressions translated word-by-word, or even grammatical constructions and orthographical conventions from English are called anglicisms.
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