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Encyclopedia > Lloyd Axworthy

Lloyd Norman Axworthy, PC, OC, OM, Ph.D, MA (born December 21, 1939, in North Battleford, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian politician. He is best known for having served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Axworthy is currently President of the University of Winnipeg. He is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, the first global initiative to focus specificially on the link between exclusion, poverty and law. The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... The Order of Manitoba, established in 1999, is the highest honour of the Province of Manitoba. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of North Battleford, Saskatchewan North Battleford is a small city in west central Saskatchewan, Canada. ... In the Cabinet of Canada, the Minister of Foreign Affairs is responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations department, Foreign Affairs Canada. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ...


Axworthy was born in Saskatchewan to a family with strong United Church roots, and received his BA from the University of Winnipeg (then known as United College) in 1961. He received his MA and Ph.D from Princeton University in 1963 and 1972 respectively, returning to Canada to teach at the University of Manitoba and the University of Winnipeg. He is also a member of The Delta Upsilon Fraternity. The United Church of Canada (French: lÉglise Unie du Canada) is Canadas second largest church (after the Roman Catholic Church), and its largest Protestant denomination. ... The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ... The University of Manitoba is the largest university of the province of Manitoba, most comprehensive and only research-intensive post-secondary educational institution. ... The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ... Delta Upsilon (ΔΥ) is one of the oldest international, all-male, college, Greek-letter social fraternities and is the first non-secret fraternity ever founded. ...


Axworthy became involved in politics during the 1950s, becoming a member of the Liberal Party after attending a speech by Lester B. Pearson. He briefly aligned himself with the New Democratic Party (NDP) in the 1960s when Pearson, as federal opposition leader, called for American Bomarc nuclear warheads to be allowed on Canadian soil. He soon returned to the Liberal fold, however, and worked as an executive assistant for John Turner. Axworthy supported Turner's bid to become party leader at the 1968 leadership convention. The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Lester Bowles Pearson, often referred to as Mike, PC, OM, CC, OBE, MA, LL.D. (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was a Canadian statesman, diplomat and politician who was made a Nobel Laureate in 1957. ... This article is about the Canadian political party. ... The Bomarc Missile Program was a joint United States of America-Canada effort during 1957 to 1971 to protect against the USSR bomber threat. ... The Right Honourable John Napier Turner ,CC,PC (born June 7, 1929) was the seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 30, 1984 to September 17, 1984. ... Pierre Trudeau at the 1968 Liberal convention The Liberal Party of Canada leadership convention of 1968 elected Pierre Elliott Trudeau as the new leader of the Liberal Party; he was the unexpected winner in what was one of the most important leadership conventions in party history. ...


Axworthy ran for the party in Winnipeg North Centre in the 1968 election, and finished a surprisingly strong second against veteran NDP Member of Parliament (MP) Stanley Knowles. Winnipeg North Centre is a riding or electoral district that elects a Member of Parliament to the Canadian House of Commons. ... In the Canadian federal election of June 25, 1968, the Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, Pierre Trudeau. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Stanley Howard Knowles, PC , OC , BA , BD , LL.D (June 18, 1908 - June 9, 1997) was a Canadian parliamentarian. ...


Axworthy's first political success came at the provincial level. He first ran for the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1966 election, placing second to Progressive Conservative Douglas Stanes in St. James. In the 1973 election, he was elected as a Manitoba Liberal in Fort Rouge, a riding that bordered on the one held by party leader Izzy Asper. He was re-elected in the 1977 election, and was the only Liberal in the legislature from 1977 to 1979. The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... Manitobas general election, held on June 23, 1966, resulted in a third consecutive majority win for the Progressive Conservatives under Dufferin Roblin. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Douglas Moncrieff Stanes (born February 28, 1917 in England; died April 29, 2001) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. ... St. ... The Manitoba General Election of June 28, 1973 was won by the social-democratic New Democratic Party, which took 31 of 57 seats. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... Fort Rouge is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... Israel Harold Izzy Asper, OC , OM , QC , LL.M , Ph. ... The Manitoba general election of October 11, 1977 was won by the Progressive Conservative Party, which took 33 seats out of 57. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


He resigned on April 6 of the latter year to run for the federal House of Commons, and in the 1979 election narrowly defeated former provincial PC leader Sidney Spivak in Winnipeg—Fort Garry. is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The House of Commons after the 1979 election The Canadian federal election of 1979 was held on May 22, 1979 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Sidney Spivak (May 23, 1928-July 8, 2002) was a Manitoba politician. ... Winnipeg—Fort Garry was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Manitoba. ...


He was re-elected in the election of 1980, and became a cabinet minister in the government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. He served first as Minister of Employment and Immigration, and then as Minister of Transport. The House of Commons after the 1980 election The 1980 Canadian federal election was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... For other uses, see Pierre Elliott Trudeau (disambiguation). ... In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of Human Resources Development (replaced the Minister of Employment and Immigration on July 12, 1996) is responsible for overseeing the federal governments human resources department, Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC). ... In the Cabinet of Canada, the Minister of Transport (French: Ministre des Transports) is responsible for overseeing the federal governments transportation regulatory and development department, Transport Canada. ...


In the Liberal defeat in the 1984 election, Axworthy was one of only two Liberals west of Ontario to be elected (the other being then Liberal leader John Turner). Axworthy played an important role in opposition, forcefully attacking the government of Brian Mulroney. He was an especially vocal critic of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. The Canadian federal election of 1984 was called on July 4, 1984, and held on September 4 of that year. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... John Napier Turner, PC, CC, QC, MA, BCL, LLD (born June 7, 1929) was the seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 30, 1984 to September 17, 1984. ... Martin Brian Mulroney, PC, CC, GOQ, LLD (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was a trade agreement reached by Canada and the United States in October of 1987. ...


When the Liberals returned to power in 1993 under the leadership of Jean Chrétien, Axworthy became one of the most important Cabinet ministers. After the election, he was given responsibility for the vast new Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC), and launched a major overhaul of employment insurance. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... The Department of Human Resources Development, also referred to as Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC), is a former department of the Government of Canada. ... Unemployment benefits are sums of money given to the unemployed by the government or a compulsory para-governmental insurance system. ...


Axworthy's true interest was in international relations, and in a 1996 cabinet shuffle, he became Minister of Foreign Affairs. Axworthy excelled in this position, becoming a strong advocate of Canada's tradition of multilateralism. His greatest success was the Ottawa Treaty, an international treaty to ban anti-personnel land mines. He also campaigned against the use of child soldiers and the international trade in light weapons. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... In the Cabinet of Canada, the Minister of Foreign Affairs is responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations department, Foreign Affairs Canada. ... Multilateralism is an international relations term that refers to multiple countries working in concert. ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The Ottawa Treaty or the Mine Ban Treaty, formally the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, bans completely all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines). ... “Minefield” redirects here. ...


In 1997, Axworthy was nominated by United States Senator Patrick Leahy to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on banning land mines.[1]. Many political commentators in Canada believed he was a strong contender for the honour. He did not win, but was thanked by the recipients, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, as having been instrumental in their effort.[2] Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize Image:Nobel-medal. ...  State Parties to the Ottawa Treaty The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a coalition of non-governmental organizations whose goal is to abolish the production and use of anti-personnel mines. ...


In 1999, Axworthy supported Canada's involvement in NATO's bombing campaign of Yugoslavia over the issue of Kosovo. The 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was NATO's and Canada's most controversial act as its first deliberate non-defensive aggression against another sovereign state. Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Kosovo (Albanian: Kosova or Kosovë, Serbian: , transliterated ; also , transliterated ) is a region in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Combatants NATO Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, various militias and paramilitaries, as well as international volunteers [1] Commanders Wesley Clark (SACEUR), Javier Solana (Secretary General of NATO) Slobodan Milošević (Supreme Commander of the Army of Yugoslavia), Vojislav Šešelj, Dragoljub Ojdanić (Chief of Staff), Svetozar Marjanović (Deputy Chief of Staff...


In September, 2000, Axworthy retired from public life and returned to academia, joining the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. He is also a frequent public speaker on matters relating to international relations. He has published a number of books on this subject, notably Navigating A New World, a book on the uses of "soft power". He has served as a United Nations envoy tasked with resolving the Eritrean-Ethiopian War (see also Algiers Agreement). 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Liu Institute for Global Issues is an organization devoted to research at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public university with its main campus located at Point Grey in the unincorporated Electoral Area A, immediately west of Vancouver, British Columbia. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Combatants Eritrea Ethiopia Commanders Sebhat Ephrem Tsadkan Gebretensae Casualties 19,000;[1][2]20-50,000[3] up to 60,000;[4] 123,000[5][6] The Eritrean-Ethiopian War took place from May 1998 to June 2000 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. ... The Algiers Agreement was an agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia signed on 12 December 2000 at Algiers, Algeria to end the Ethiopia-Eritrea War, a border war fought by the two countries from 1998 to 2002. ...


In 2003, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ...


In May of 2004, he was appointed to his current job as president of the University of Winnipeg. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Axworthy is Chair of the Advisory Committee for the Americas Division of Human Rights Watch. He also serves on the advisory council of USC Center on Public Diplomacy and of Fair Vote Canada, and is an endorser of the Genocide Intervention Network and International Student Exchange, Ontario. Human Rights Watch Banner Human Rights Watch is a United States-based international non-government organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. ... The University of Southern California Center on Public Diplomacy is a joint academic research, teaching and training center created and run jointly by the USC Annenberg School for Communication and the USC College of Letters, Arts and Sciences School of International Relations. ... Fair Vote Canada is a nonprofit advocacy group for electoral reform in Canada. ... The Genocide Intervention Network (or GI-Net) is a non-profit organization that envisions a world in which the global community is willing and able to protect civilians from genocidal violence. ... International Student Exchange, Ontario (ISE Ontario) is a non-profit organization based in Ontario, Canada that gives students the opportunity to embark on wide variety of student exchange programs. ...


In February 2005, Axworthy gave a lecture entitled "The Responsibility to Protect: Prescription for a Global Public Domain" at the University of San Diego's Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice Distinguished Lecture Series. The University of San Diego, frequently referred to as USD, is a Catholic university in San Diego, California. ...


In 2006, Axworthy supported Bob Rae's bid for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada, but supported Stéphane Dion after Rae dropped off the ballot. Hon. ... Wikinews has news related to: Ignatieff tops first ballot in Canadian Liberal convention Canadian Liberal vote heads to third ballot Dion leads Ignatieff heading into final ballot of Canadian Liberal vote Dion wins Canadian Liberal leadership on fourth ballot Wikinews has news related to: Liberal Party of Canada leadership, 2006... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Stéphane Maurice Dion, PC, MP, Ph. ...


His brother, Tom Axworthy, was a longtime civil servant, eventually becoming principal secretary to Pierre Trudeau from 1981 until 1984. He is currently the Chair of the Centre for the Study of Democracy at Queen's University and an adjunct lecturer at the School of Policy Studies at Queen's. Thomas Sidney Axworthy, OC, Ph. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Queens University, generally referred to simply as Queens, is a coeducational, non-sectarian, public university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. ...


External links

  • Political Biography from the Library of Parliament
  • Order of Canada Citation

Publications

  • Navigating a New World, Knopf Canada Publishing, 2004
  • Liberals at the Border , University of Toronto Press, 2004
  • The Axworthy Legacy, Edited by O. Hampson, N. Hillmer, M. Appel Molot, Oxford University Press, 2001
26th Ministry - Government of Jean Chrétien
Cabinet Posts (4)
Predecessor Office Successor
André Ouellet Minister of Foreign Affairs
(1996–2000)
John Manley
Larry Schneider Minister of Western Economic Diversification
(1993–1996)
John Manley
Bernard Valcourt Minister of Employment and Immigration
(1993–1996)
styled as
Minister of Human Resources Development
Doug Young
Bernard Valcourt Minister of Labour
(1993–1995)
styled as
Minister of Human Resources Development
Lucienne Robillard
23rd Ministry - Government of John Turner
Cabinet Posts (1)
Predecessor Office Successor
cont'd from 22nd Min. Minister of Transport
(1984)
Don Mazankowski
22nd Ministry - Second Government of Pierre Trudeau
Cabinet Posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
Jean-Luc Pépin Minister of Transport
(1983–1984)
cont'd into 23rd Min.
Ron Atkey Minister of Employment and Immigration
(1980–1983)
John Roberts
Special Cabinet Responsibilities
Predecessor Title Successor
David MacDonald Minister responsible for the Status of Women
(1980–1981)
Judy Erola
Preceded by
Inez Trueman
Member of the Legislative Assembly for Fort Rouge
19731979
Succeeded by
June Westbury
Preceded by
Sidney Spivak
Member of Parliament for Winnipeg—Fort Garry
19791988
Succeeded by
This electoral district was abolished in 1987
Preceded by
This electoral district was created in 1987
Member of Parliament for Winnipeg South Centre
19882000
Succeeded by
Anita Neville

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lloyd Axworthy - definition of Lloyd Axworthy in Encyclopedia (621 words)
Axworthy was born in North Battleford, Saskatchewan to a family with strong United Church roots.
Axworthy became involved in politics during the 1950s, becoming a member of the Liberal Party after attending a speech by Lester Pearson.
Axworthy played an important role in opposition, forcefully attacking the government of Brian Mulroney and was an especially vocal critic of the Canadian-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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