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Encyclopedia > Ljubljana
Ljubljana
Tromostovje and Prešeren Square

Flag

Coat of arms
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°3′19″N 14°30′52″E / 46.05528, 14.51444
Country Slovenia
Founded AD 15 (as Colonia Iulia Aemona)
Government
 - Mayor and governor Zoran Janković (Lista Zorana Jankovića)
Area
 - Total 275.0 km² (106.2 sq mi)
Elevation 298 m (978 ft)
Population (2004)
 - Total 266,845
  [1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 01
Vehicle Registration LJ
Website: http://www.ljubljana.si

Ljubljana  (pronounced [ʎubˈʎʌna]) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. The city of Ljubljana is the cultural, scientific, economic, political and administrative center of Slovenia. It is situated in central Slovenia, between the Alps and the Mediterranean. The city is divided into several quarters, formerly municipalities, the main ones being Šiška (listen ), Bežigrad (listen ), Vič, Moste (listen ), and Center, which also correspond to the main electoral constituencies of the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 477 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo when I was in Ljubljana. ... Tromostovje (Three Bridges) and the franciscan church (FrančiÅ¡kanska cerkev) in baroque style in the back Tromostovje in Slovenian, in English Three Bridges or Triple Bridge, is one of the symbols of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. ... A look on the square from the end of ÄŒopova street. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Wappen_Ljubljana_si. ... Image File history File links Karte_Ljubljana_si. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... For other uses, see 15 (disambiguation). ... For the village of the same name in Bulgaria, see Emona (Burgas). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Zoran Janković (born January 1, 1953 in Saraorci, Serbia) is a Slovenian economist. ... The list of Ljubljanas mayor Zoran Janković consisted of 45 candidates. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... // Introduction A license plate, number plate or registration plate (often referred to simply as a plate, or colloquially tag) is a small metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes. ... Image File history File links Ljubljana-2. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Å iÅ¡ka The most populous of the city quarters of Ljubljana, the capital city of Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Siska. ... Bežigrad is a quarter in the northern part of Ljubljana,Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Bezigrad. ... Vič is a quarter in the southern part of Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... Moste is a quarter in eastern part of Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Moste. ... Ljubljana Center is a central district of the city Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... This article is about the political process. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ...


Its transport connections, concentration of industry, scientific and research institutions and industrial tradition underly its leading economic position. Ljubljana is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies and all government ministries. It is also the seat of Parliament and the Office of the President of Slovenia. Public Administration can be broadly described as the development, implementation and study of government policy. ... As a young independent republic, Slovenia pursued economic stabilization and further political openness, while emphasizing its Western outlook and central European heritage. ... The Slovenian Parliament (Slovenian: ) is the legislative body of Slovenia. ... Presidents of Slovenia: Milan Kučan (1990-2002) Janez Drnovšek (2002-2008) Categories: Lists of office-holders ...

Contents

Name

Tromostovje in front of the Franciscan Church
Tromostovje in front of the Franciscan Church

Linguists disagree as to where the name Ljubljana comes from. A close similarity to the Slovene word "ljubljena," or "beloved," is generally thought to be coincidental. Although the name could have evolved from the Latin term for a flooding river, alluviana, some believe the source of the present-day name is Laburus[citation needed], a deity from old Slavic mythology and supposed patron of the original settlement. Other linguists reconstruct an earlier Lablana, rejecting both a Latin or Slavic source, but without settling on an etymology.[2] Ljubljana bridge, photo taken by Matthew Mayer. ... Ljubljana bridge, photo taken by Matthew Mayer. ... Tromostovje (Three Bridges) and the franciscan church (FrančiÅ¡kanska cerkev) in baroque style in the back Tromostovje in Slovenian, in English Three Bridges or Triple Bridge, is one of the symbols of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Slavic mythology and Slavic religion evolved over more than 3,000 years. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup...


Laibach (/'lɑɪbaχ/), the German name for the city, derives from Laibach (and also possibly Laubach), meaning "a lukewarm brook" in German; lai ("tepid") + bach ("brook"). Its Italian name Lubiana (/lʊb'jɑːna/) is a hybrid rendering of the Latin and German versions. These names are important for historical reasons. Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ...


The use of the German name was discouraged in Slovenia after 1918 and became especially controversial during the Second World War, when the Nazis tried to implement a violent Germanization policy in most parts of German-occupied Slovenia. Nowadays most Germans use the term Ljubljana. On the other hand, Laibach is still widely used especially in Austria and southern Germany, as well as by the German embassy in Ljubljana. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...


The name Laibach was popularized again during the 1980's, when an experimental music group within the neo-avantguarde NSK artist movement addopted it as its own label (see: Laibach (band)). Logo of Neue Slowenische Kunst Neue Slowenische Kunst (a German phrase meaning New Slovenian Art), aka NSK, is a controversial political art collective that announced itself in Slovenia in 1984, when Slovenia was still part of Yugoslavia. ... Laibach is a Slovenian experimental music group, strongly associated with industrial, martial and neo-classical. ...


Geography and demographics

Ljubljana is located at 46.03°N, 14.30°E on the outfall of the river Ljubljanica into the Sava. It lies at an altitude of 298 metres AMSL. The temperature varies between 0°C in December and 21.9°C in July. Annual rainfall is 1350 millimetres (53.2 inches). The Ljubljanica is a river in Slovenia, Europe. ... Sava also Save (German Save, Hungarian Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ...


In 2002, the city had a population of 265,881.


History

The area had been populated since prehistory. The earliest known settlements, in the Bronze Age, consisted of wooden houses erected on stakes (palafites).


The Roman settlement Emona (full name: Colonia Iulia Aemona) was erected in 15 AD by the Legio XV Apollinaris in 452, Aemona was sacked and devastated by the Huns, led by Attila. For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... For the village of the same name in Bulgaria, see Emona (Burgas). ... For other uses, see 15 (disambiguation). ... Legio XV Apollinaris (devoted to Apollo) was a Roman legion. ... Events Attila, king of the Huns, invades Italy Northern Wei Tai Wu Di is succeeded by Northern Wei Nan An Wang, then by Northern Wei Wen Cheng Di as ruler of the Northern Wei Dynasty in China. ... For other uses, see Hun (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Attila (disambiguation). ...


The first records mentioning Ljubljana date to 1144 (referred to by its German name Laibach) and 1146 (by its Latin name, Luwigana).

Cathedral (Stolnica)
Cathedral (Stolnica)

The settlement received town rights in 1220, and in 1335 came under Habsburg rule, lasting until 1918. During this time Ljubljana was the capital of the duchy of Carniola. Ljubljana also became the seat of a diocese in 1461 and developed into a Slovenian cultural centre during the late Middle Ages. Ljubljana experienced an earthquake in 1511. Ljubljana cathedral, photo taken by Matthew Mayer. ... Ljubljana cathedral, photo taken by Matthew Mayer. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...

Ljubljana skyline including Ljubljana Castle
Ljubljana skyline including Ljubljana Castle

The Habsburg rule was shortly interrupted by the Napoleonic wars, and between 1809 and 1813 Ljubljana was the capital of the French Illyrian provinces. In 1821 the city hosted the Congress of Laibach. In 1849 Ljubljana witnessed the first train arriving from Vienna and in 1857 Ljubljana was connected to Trieste. Once again an earthquake damaged large parts of the city in 1895 and the following reconstruction gave Ljubljana its new contemporary image. Ljubljana Skyline including Ljubljana Castle taken by Shermozle File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ljubljana Skyline including Ljubljana Castle taken by Shermozle File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The tower with Ljubljana city flag Ljubljana Castle (Slovenian: Ljubljanski grad) is a medieval castle on the top of Castle Hill in Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Illyrian Provinces (French Provinces illyriennes) were formed in 1809 when Austria ceded with the Treaty of Schoenbrunn its lands Carinthia, Carniola, Croatia southwest of the river Sava, Gorizia and Trieste to France after the defeat at the Battle of Wagram. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Trieste (disambiguation). ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


With the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Ljubljana became the unofficial capital of Slovenia in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and in 1929 the official provincial seat of the Drava Banovina within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In April 1941 it was occupied by fascist Italy and on February 23, 1942 completely encircled with 32 km of barbed wire. In September 1943 Italy was replaced by Nazi Germany as the occupying force. Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Drava Banovina is coloured yellow, on the top left part of the map) The Drava Banovina or Drava Banate (Slovenian and Croatian: Dravska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Typical modern agricultural barbed wire. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


In 1955 Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito conferred the city of Ljubljana the title of "Hero City" for the heroism shown by the people during WWII (not to be confused with the Soviet title of the same name). Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Josip Broz Tito (Cyrillic: Јосип Броз Тито, May 7, 1892 [May 25th according to official birth certificate] – May 4, 1980) was the leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Hero City (город-герой or gorod-geroy in Russian) is an honorary title awarded to twelve cities and one city-fortress in the Soviet Union for outstanding heroism during the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945. ...


After World War II it became the capital of the Yugoslav socialist republic of Slovenia. Ljubljana remained the capital city of Slovenia with the country's independence in 1991 after the break up and a ten day war against the Yugoslav National Army. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Combatants Slovenia Territorial Defence SFR Yugoslavia Yugoslav Peoples Army Commanders Janez Janša Veljko Kadijević Strength 16,000 Territorial Defence, 10,000 police 35,200 Yugoslav National Army personnel Casualties 18 killed, 182 wounded (official casualties) 44 killed, 146 wounded 5,000 prisoners (Slovenian Estimates) The Ten-Day War... The Yugoslav Peoples Army (Jugoslavenska/Jugoslovenska narodna armija, JNA, Slovene Jugoslovanska ljudska armada, JLA) was the army of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia prior to its dissolution. ...


Architecture

Prešeren Square with the Franciscan Church
Prešeren Square with the Franciscan Church

Ljubljana has a strong Austrian/Alpine feeling to it and the architecture underlines this impression. Ljubljana was devastated by earthquakes several times. After an earthquake in 1511, Ljubljana was rebuilt in the Renaissance style, and after an earthquake in 1895 severely damaged the city, the city was rebuilt in Neo-Classicist and Secession (Austrian Art Nouveau) styles. The city's Baroque architecture was mainly influenced by Italian Baroque architecture (for instance, the cathedral was designed by Andrea Pozzo in 1701, St. Ursula's church displays Palladian features, Francesco Robba designed a fountain). One of the main features of the city, the castle, which dates back to prehistory, is undergoing renovation. Large areas of the city built in the early 20th century feature the work of native architect Jože Plečnik, including several bridges. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 4. ... A look on the square from the end of ÄŒopova street. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Andrea Pozzos painted ceiling in the Church of St. ... Robba fountain in Ljubljana Francesco Robba was Italian sculptor of the Baroque period. ... Stonehenge, England, erected by Neolithic peoples ca. ... Jože Plečnik, (born January 23, 1872 in Ljubljana, Austro-Hungary (now Slovenia), died January 7, 1957 in Ljubljana) was a famous Slovene architect who practiced in Vienna, Belgrade, Prague and Ljubljana. ...


Art and music

The National Gallery (Narodna galerija) and the Museum of Modern Art (Moderna galerija) are both situated in Ljubljana, showing the greatest Slovenian artists. There is also a large counterculture centre on Metelkova Street, housed in a former Yugoslav military complex, comparable, roughly, to Berlin's Tacheles. Metelkova hosts films and lectures, as well as concerts of mainly alternative music. In sociology, counterculture is a term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day, the cultural equivalent of political opposition. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Tacheles is an art building in Berlin, Germany. ...


There are a number of music festivals with mainly classical music and jazz such as the Ljubljana Summer Festival (Ljubljanski poletni festival) and Druga Godba, a world music festival. In the 1980s Ljubljana was the center of the Neue Slowenische Kunst movement, which included the musical group Laibach, and with which the theorist Slavoj Žižek was also associated. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Logo of Neue Slowenische Kunst Neue Slowenische Kunst (a German phrase meaning New Slovenian Art), aka NSK, is a controversial political art collective that announced itself in Slovenia in 1984, when Slovenia was still part of Yugoslavia. ... Laibach is a Slovenian experimental music group, strongly associated with industrial, martial and neo-classical. ... Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ...


Public transportation

Public transportation in Ljubljana is composed of city buses, operated by the city-owned company Ljubljanski potniški promet (LPP). There have been many discussions about implementing a light rail system on the streets again (the last tram in Ljubljana stopped operating in 1958) as the city is facing a huge amount of traffic during rush hour. There are also many taxis in Ljubljana, and in December 2006, a new funicular to the Ljubljana Castle was introduced. Ljubljanski PotniÅ¡ki Promet is a public transportation company, which is used in Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... For other uses, see Rush hour (disambiguation). ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... December 2006 is the twelfth and final month of the year and will begin in 2 day(s). ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... The tower with Ljubljana city flag Ljubljana Castle (Slovenian: Ljubljanski grad) is a medieval castle on the top of Castle Hill in Ljubljana, Slovenia. ...


The suburban area of Ljubljana is covered by an extensive network of suburban buses and trains.


Education

University of Ljubljana, former Carniolan Parliament building
University of Ljubljana, former Carniolan Parliament building

In 1693 the Scholar Society (Academia operosorum Labacensis) was established in Ljubljana. This fell into decline in 1801 but was a forerunner to the present Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts which opened in 1938. The city's only university, the University of Ljubljana, was established in 1919. The city is also home to one of the oldest philharmonics of Europe, the Philharmonic Society (Academia Philharmonicorum), established in 1701. Download high resolution version (1024x680, 190 KB) University of Ljubljana, Slovenia The main building of the university, Rektorat Univerze Photo AndrejJ may 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: University of Ljubljana Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1024x680, 190 KB) University of Ljubljana, Slovenia The main building of the university, Rektorat Univerze Photo AndrejJ may 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: University of Ljubljana Categories: GFDL images ... The University of Ljubljana (in Slovenian, Univerza v Ljubljani; in Latin, Universitas Labacensis) is the first and the largest university in Slovenia; with 56,000 enrolled students. ... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... Academia operosorum (Academy of hard-working fellows) - a forerunner of the modern Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts - was founded in 1693 in Ljubljana as an association of 23 scientists, most of whom were of Slovenian descent. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts or SASA (Slovenian Slovenska akademija znanosti in umetnosti, SAZU) is a national academy of Slovenia, founded in 1938. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Ljubljana (in Slovenian, Univerza v Ljubljani; in Latin, Universitas Labacensis) is the first and the largest university in Slovenia; with 56,000 enrolled students. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ...


Famous natives and residents

  • Anton Aškerc (1856-1912), Poet
  • Vladimir Bartol (1903-1967), Author
  • Ignacij Borštnik (1858 - 1919), Movie Film maker, Actor, writer
  • Zofija Borštnik (1868 - 1948), Actress
  • Maks Bajc (1919–1983), Actor
  • Andrej Bajuk (1942), Politician
  • Eugène de Beauharnais (1781-1824), Viceroy of Italy
  • Robert Blinc (1933), Physicist
  • Ivan Cankar (1876-1919), Writer
  • Philipp von Cobenzl (1741-1810), Austrian diplomat
  • Carlos, Duke of Madrid (1848–1909), Claimant to the Spanish throne
  • Aleš Debeljak (1961), Poet, essayist and sociologist
  • Branko Đurić (1962), Actor
  • Mladen Dolar (1952), Philosopher
  • Anastasius Grün (1806–1876), Austrian politician
  • Željko Ivanek (1957), Actor
  • Drago Jančar (1948), Writer and essayist
  • Edvard Kardelj (1910–1979), Communist leader
  • Ivana Kobilca (1861–1926), Painter
  • Srečko Kosovel (1904-1926), Poet
  • Taja Kramberger (1970), Poet, essayist and anthropologist
  • Boris Kidrič (1912–1953), Communist leader
  • Anton Tomaž Linhart (1756 - 1795), Dramatist and historian
  • Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Composer
  • Josip Murn Aleksandrov (1879–1901), Poet
  • Radoslav Nesterovič (1976-), NBA basketball player
  • Charles Nodier (1780-1844), French author
  • Anton Peterlin (1908–1993), Physicist
  • Rok Petrovič (1966-1993), Alpine ski champion
  • Jože Plečnik (1872–1957), Architect
  • Janez Potočnik (1958), European Commissioner
  • Fritz Pregl (1869–1930), Chemist, Nobel prize winner
  • France Prešeren (1800-1849), Poet
  • Joseph Radetzky (1766-1858), Austrian general
  • Anton Rop (1960), Politician
  • Dimitrij Rupel (1946), Politician and writer
  • Tomaž Šalamun (1941), Poet
  • Rade Šerbedžija (1947), Actor
  • Janez Strnad (1934), Physicist and populariser of natural science
  • Mateja Svet (1968), Alpine skier
  • Dubravka Tomšič Strebotnjak (1940-), pianist and music teacher
  • Primož Trubar (1508 - 1586), Protestant preacher and writer
  • Janez Vajkard Valvasor (1641-1693), Scholar, Polymath, Member of the Royal Society
  • Milan Vidmar (1885–1962), Electrical engineer, chess player and philosopher
  • Valentin Vodnik (1758-1819), Slovenian poet
  • Egon Zakrajšek (1941–2002), Mathematician and computer scientist
  • Sigismund Zois (1747-1819), Natural scientist
  • Alenka Zupančič, Philosopher
  • Slavoj Žižek (1949), Sociologist and philosopher

Anton AÅ¡kerc (9 January 1856 – 10 June 1912) was a Slovene poet and priest, most famous after his epic poems. ... Vladimir Bartol (February 24, 1903 – September 12, 1967) was a Slovene writer, most famous for his novel Alamut. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Andrej Bajuk is a Slovenian domobran. ... Eugène Rose de Beauharnais (September 3, 1781 - February 21, 1824) was the first child and only son of Joséphine de Tascher de la Pagerie and Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais. ... Academic prof. ... Ivan Cankar (Vrhnika, 10 May 1876- Ljubljana, 11 December 1918) was a famous Slovenian writer, playwright and poet. ... Philipp Graf von Cobenzl (May 28, 1741, Ljubljana - August 30, 1810, Vienna, Austria) was a statesman, foreign minister, and diplomat who served the Habsburg empire in the era of the Napoleonic Wars. ... Carlos de Bourbon, Duke of Madrid (1848 - 1909) was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain, and later the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France. ... AleÅ¡ Debeljak (born 1961), is a Slovenian poet, editor, and professor of cultural studies at the University of Ljubljana. ... Branko Đurić - Đuro (born May 28, 1962) is an actor and director from Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mladen Dolar is a Slovenian theorist who has written on such topics as film and psychoanalysis. ... Anton Alexander Graf von Auersperg (1806-1876), Austrian poet and liberal politician, who wrote under the pseudonym of Anastasius Grün, was born on the 11th of April 1806, at Laibach, the capital of the Austrian Duchy of Carniola (now in Slovenia), and was head of the Thurn am Hart... Željko Ivanek (born 15 August 1957) is a television, film, and stage actor. ... Drago Jančar (born 13 April 1948, Maribor) is a Slovenian novelist and dramatist. ... Edvard Kardelj - Sperans (January 27, 1910 - February 10, 1979) was a Slovene prewar communist, politician, statesman and publicist. ... Ivana Kobilca (December 20, 1861 - December 4, 1926) was a Slovene realist painter who lived, worked and studied in various European cities including Vienna, Sarajevo, Berlin, Paris and Munich. ... Srečko Kosovel Srečko Kosovel (1904–1926) was a Slovene avante-garde poet from the Kras region of Slovenia. ... Taja Kramberger (born September 11, 1970) is a Slovene poet, translator, essayist and historical anthropologist. ... Boris Kidrič (1912-1953) was a leading Slovenian communist who, with Edvard Kardelj, organized the partisan uprising in Slovenia in 1941. ... Anton Tomaž Linhart (December 11, 1756 - July 14, 1795) was a Slovene dramatist and historian, best known as the author of first Slovene comedy, the Županova Micka. ... “Mahler” redirects here. ... Josip Murn Aleksandrov (1879–1901) was a Slovenian poet. ... Radoslav Nesterovič, usually referred to in English as Rasho Nesterovic (born May 30, 1976), is a professional basketball player currently with the NBAs Toronto Raptors. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Nodier (April 29, 1780 - January 27, 1844), was a French author. ... Anton Peterlin (September 25, 1908 – March 26, 1993) was a Slovene physicist. ... Rok Petrovič â–¶ (help·info) (born February 5, 1966 in Ljubljana, Slovenia, died September 16, 1993 in Vela Luka, Croatia) was a Slovenian alpine skier. ... Jože Plečnik, (born January 23, 1872 in Ljubljana, Austro-Hungary (now Slovenia), died January 7, 1957 in Ljubljana) was a famous Slovene architect who practiced in Vienna, Belgrade, Prague and Ljubljana. ... Janez Potočnik Janez Potočnik (pronounced ) (born 22 March 1958) is a Slovenian politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Science and Research. ... Fritz (Friderik) Pregl (September 3, 1869 – December 13, 1930) was a Slovenian physician and chemist. ... France PreÅ¡eren, a portrait by Božidar Jakac, 1940. ... Radetzky redirects here. ... Anton Rop Anton Rop (born 27 December 1960) was the fourth Prime Minister of Slovenia. ... Dimitrij Rupel (born April 7, 1946 in Ljubljana) is a liberal politician from Slovenia and current foreign minister of that country. ... Tomaž Å alamun is a Slovenian poet. ... Rade Å erbedžija (Serbian Cyrillic: Раде Шербеџија, occasionally credited as Rade Sherbedgia in some English-language productions), born 27 July 1947, is a Croatian actor and director. ... Janez Strnad (born March 4, 1934) is a Slovene physicist and populariser of natural science. ... Mateja Svet is Slovenias most successful female alpine skier. ... Primož Trubar (June 9, 1508 – June 28, 1586) was a Slovenian Protestant reformer, the founder and the first superintendent of the Protestant Church of Slovenia, a consolidator of the Slovenian language and the author of the first printed book in Slovenian. ... Baron Janez Vajkard Valvasor (also spelled Johann Weichert) (baptized on May 28, 1641 - died on September 19, 1693), was a Slovenian nobleman, scholar, and polymath, member of the Royal Society. ... Milan Vidmar (June 22, 1885 – October 9, 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess player, chess theorist, philosopher and writer, born in Ljubljana, Austria-Hungary (now Slovenia). ... Valentin Vodnik was a Slovenian priest and writer. ... Egon ZakrajÅ¡ek (July 7, 1941 - September 2002) was a Slovene mathematician and computer scientist. ... Sigmund Zois (Žiga Zois) (Triest, 23. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Slavoj Žižek (pronounced: ) (born 21 March 1949) is a Slovenian sociologist, postmodern philosopher, and cultural critic. ...

Climate

Climate chart for Ljubljana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
82
 
2
-4
 
 
80
 
6
-2
 
 
98
 
10
1
 
 
109
 
15
5
 
 
122
 
20
9
 
 
155
 
24
12
 
 
122
 
26
14
 
 
144
 
25
14
 
 
130
 
22
11
 
 
115
 
16
7
 
 
135
 
8
2
 
 
101
 
3
-2
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: [1]

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called Karl-Marx-Stadt; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Mardin (Kurdish: , Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ MerdÄ«n, Arabic: ماردين) is a city in southeastern Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Parma is a city in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, famous for its architecture and the fine countryside around it. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... A ploce is a figure of speech in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The City of Pueblo (IPA: //) is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat of Pueblo County, Colorado, USA. Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in the Republic of Macedonia Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - City 701. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... View from the Abou Nawas Hotel over to the main beach in Sousse (Bou Jaafar) The Ribat of Sousse Sousse (Arabic سوسة Susa), is a city of Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...

See also

The University of Ljubljana (in Slovenian, Univerza v Ljubljani; in Latin, Universitas Labacensis) is the first and the largest university in Slovenia; with 56,000 enrolled students. ... The tower with Ljubljana city flag Ljubljana Castle (Slovenian: Ljubljanski grad) is a medieval castle on the top of Castle Hill in Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... A look on the square from the end of Čopova street. ... Tromostovje (Three Bridges) and the franciscan church (Frančiškanska cerkev) in baroque style in the back Tromostovje in Slovenian, in English Three Bridges or Triple Bridge, is one of the symbols of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. ... Čop Street. ... Nama, or NAMA, is the acronym for Narodni magazin. ... // The Naked Stage / Goli oder international festival of improvisational theatre The Naked Stage is an international contemporary theatre festival, held annually in the last week of October in KUD France Prešeren, Ljubljana, Slovenia. ... Veronika Decides to Die (Portuguese Veronika decide morrer) is a novel by Paulo Coelho; it tells the story of 24 year old Veronika, who appears to have everything in life going for her, but who decides to kill herself. ...

References

  1. ^ Ljubljana in Numbers. Mestna občina Ljubljana. Retrieved on November 27, 2007.
  2. ^ Paliga, Sorin. Pre-Slavic place-names. 2002.

External links

Look up Ljubljana in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

General Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Travel

Photos Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

  • Europe on the Matrix: Ljubljana, Slovenia — Photographs and information.
  • Pictures of Ljubljana by night

Maps

Miscellaneous OpenStreetMap of Chester OpenStreetMap is a collaborative, project create Free maps using data from portable GPS devices. ...

Coordinates: 46°03′N, 14°30′E Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Administration District Luxembourg Canton Luxembourg LAU 2 LU00011001 Mayor Paul Helminger Geography Area Area rank 51. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... County Area 159. ... Valletta (Maltese: , commonly referred to as Il-Belt - The City) is the capital city of Malta. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



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Ljubljana Life | Ljubljana Travel Guide | Ljubljana Hotels Apartments Pubs Bars Restaurants and Map | Slovenia (494 words)
Ljubljana, with around 280,000 inhabitants, most certainly ranks among the smaller European capitals, but we are convinced that it has a lot to make even the biggest and brightest cities of the continent jealous.
Around one tenth of Ljubljana's population are students, which gives the place a young and lively character - and also ensures that there is no shortage of pubs, restaurants, and other places of entertainment for you to wile away your evening.
Ljubljana is a colourful and vibrant place that challenges anyone not to fall in love with it and with our knowledge - and your thirst for discovery - you're time here is sure to be filled with the best possible experiences.
Ljubljana (193 words)
Welcome to Ljubljana, a city of culture and rich historical legacy.
Ljubljana offers all the friendliness of a small town and at the same time everything that a capital should offer.
Ljubljana is a very special city full of pleasant picturesque places where a visitor can expect many nice little surprises.
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