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Encyclopedia > Lizzie Borden
Lizzie Borden
Lizzie Borden

Lizzie Andrew Borden (July 19, 1860June 1, 1927) was a New England spinster who was the central figure in the axe murders of her father and stepmother on August 4, 1892 in Fall River, Massachusetts, in the United States. The slayings, trial, and the following trial by media became a cause célèbre, and the fame of the incident has endured in American pop culture and criminology. Although Lizzie Borden was acquitted, no one else was ever tried, and she has remained notorious in American folklore. Dispute over the identity of the killer or killers continues to this day. Lizzie Borden was a woman famously accused and acquitted of murdering her father and stepmother in the late 19th century United States. ... Image File history File links Lizzieborden. ... Image File history File links Lizzieborden. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Old maid redirects here. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol Settled 1670 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... Trial by media is a phrase popular in the late 20th century and early 21st century to describe the impact of television and newspaper coverage on a persons reputation by creating a widespread perception of guilt regardless of any verdict in a court of law. ... Look up cause célèbre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

The Murders

The murdered body of Andrew Borden, Lizzie Borden's father.
The murdered body of Andrew Borden, Lizzie Borden's father.
The murdered body of Abby Borden, Lizzie Borden's step-mother.
The murdered body of Abby Borden, Lizzie Borden's step-mother.

On August 4, 1892, Lizzie Borden's father, Andrew Jackson Borden, and her step-mother, Abby Borden, were murdered in the family home. The only other people present at the residence at the time were Lizzie and the family maid, Bridget Sullivan. An uncle, John V. Morse, (brother of Andrew Borden's first wife) was visiting at the time, but was away from the house during the time of the murders. Lizzie's older sister Emma was also away from home. That day, Andrew had gone into town to do his usual rounds at the bank and post office. He returned home at about 10:45. About a half-hour later, Lizzie "found" his body. According to Bridget's testimony, she was napping in the second floor of the house shortly after 11:00 am when Lizzie called up the stairs to her, saying someone had killed her father, whose body was found slumped on a couch in the downstairs sitting room.[1] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A maidservant or in current usage maid is a female employed in domestic service. ... Bridget Sullivan, a native of Ireland, was the maid in the employment of the Borden family of Fall River, Massachusetts at the time of infamous murder of Andrew Bordan and his wife Abbie Borden. ...


Shortly thereafter, while Lizzie was being attended to by neighbors and the family doctor, Bridget discovered the body of Mrs. Borden upstairs, in the guest bedroom. Mr. & Mrs. Borden had both been killed by blows from a hatchet, which in the case of Mr. Borden, not only crushed his skull but cleanly split his left eyeball.[1] A carpenters hatchet See Hatchet (novel) for the young adult novel. ...


Motive and method

The Borden's house in Fall River, Massachusetts, where the murders took place.
The Borden's house in Fall River, Massachusetts, where the murders took place.

Study of the facts in the case reveals that over a period of years since the death of the first Mrs. Borden, life at 92 Second Street had grown unpleasant in many ways, and that affection among the older and younger family members had waned considerably if any was present at all. The upstairs floor of the house was divided – the front being the territory of Lizzie and her sister Emma, and the rear that of Mr. and Mrs. Borden. Meals were not always taken together, and conflict had come to a head between the two daughters and their father about his decision to divide up valuable property among relatives before his death – a house had been turned over to relatives of their stepmother, and Uncle John Morse had come to visit that week to facilitate transfer of farm property, which included what had been a summer home for the Borden daughters. Shortly before the murders, a heated argument had taken place which resulted in both Emma and Lizzie leaving home on extended "vacations"; Lizzie, however, decided to cut her trip short and return early. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Fall River is the name of various cities: Fall River, Kansas Fall River, Massachusetts Fall River, Tennessee Fall River, Wisconsin Fall River, Nova Scotia, Canada It is also the name of: the Fall River in Ontario, Canada the Fall River in Shasta County, California There is also the county of... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


She was refused the opportunity to purchase prussic acid by a local druggist, which Lizzie claimed was for cleaning a seal skin coat. Shortly before the murders, the entire household – Lizzie included – took violently ill. As Mr. Borden was not a popular man in town, Mrs. Borden feared they were being poisoned but the family doctor diagnosed it as bad food.


The trial

Lizzie's stories proved to be inconsistent, and her behavior suspect. She was tried for the murders, and defended by former Massachusetts Governor George Robinson. George Augustus Robinson always wore a wig. ...


During the police investigation, a hatchet was found in the basement and was assumed to be the murder weapon. Though it was clean, most of its handle was missing and the prosecution stated that it had been broken off because it was covered with blood. However, police officer Michael Mullaly stated that he found it next to a hatchet handle. Deputy Marshall John Fleet contradicted this testimony. Later a forensics expert said there was no time for the hatchet to be cleaned after the murder.[1]


No blood-soaked clothing was ever taken as evidence by police. A few days after the murder, Lizzie tore apart and burned a light blue Bedford cord cotton dress in the kitchen stove, claiming she had brushed against fresh baseboard paint which had smeared on it.


Despite incriminating circumstances, Lizzie Borden was acquitted by a jury after an hour's deliberation. The fact that no murder weapon was found and Lizzie was clear of blood just a few minutes after the second murder pointed to reasonable doubt. Some blame her acquittal on the fact that her entire original inquest testimony was barred from the trial. Also excluded was evidence that she attempted to purchase prussic acid from a local drugstore days before the murders took place. Others have suggested the all-male jury did not like the idea of acknowledging that a respected man's daughter could possibly have committed such an act. Certainly, another ax murder in the area which took place shortly before the trial was a great stroke of luck for Lizzie.[1]


Conjecture

Several theories have been presented over the years suggesting Lizzie may not have committed the murders, and that other suspects may have had possible motives. One theory was that any number of townspeople could have carried out a grudge against Mr. or Mrs. Borden. Another theory is that the maid did it, possibly out of outrage for being asked to clean the windows, a backbreaking job on a hot day, just a day after having suffered from food poisoning. Yet another theory is that Lizzie suffered petit mal epileptic seizures during her monthly period, at which times she entered a dream-like state, and unknowingly committed the murders then.[1] Foodborne illness or food poisoning is caused by consuming food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. ... This article is about the neurological disorder as it affects humans. ...


Sullivan allegedly gave a deathbed confession to her sister, stating that she had changed her testimony on the stand in order to protect Lizzie.[1]


Additionally, Andrew Jackson Borden is known to have had an illegitimate son.


Conjectured affair with actress Nance O'Neil

The book Lizzie by Evan Hunter (real name Salvatore Lombino, and also famous for writing under the name Ed McBain), posed the theory that Lizzie Borden had an affair with the actress Nance O'Neil, whom she met in Boston in 1904. In the early 20th century, it was still considered socially unacceptable for women to become actresses. O'Neil was a spendthrift, always in financial trouble, and Borden came from a wealthy background. The two got along[citation needed], despite Borden's notoriety. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Evan Hunter, born Salvatore Albert Lombino (October 15, 1926 – July 6, 2005), was a prolific American author and screenwriter. ... Ed McBain may refer to: The best known pseudonym used by American author Evan Hunter A gunrunner in the 1961 western film The Comancheros Category: ... Nance ONeil (also Nancy ONeil) was an American stage and silent movie actress of the early 20th century. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


While there has never been any significant evidence that the two were intimate, the termination of the relationship two years later in 1906 was a significant loss to Borden[citation needed], and she is alleged to have had difficulty in recovering emotionally[citation needed]. O'Neil was later a character in the musical about Lizzie Borden, entitled Lizzie Borden: A Musical Tragedy in Two Axe, where she was played by Suellen Vance. Feminist Carolyn Gage refers to O'Neil as an overt lesbian[1], and although there are few documented details of any affairs, Gage claimed that her sexual orientation was well known in entertainment circles, despite her marriage. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Carolyn Gage (fl. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ...


Public reaction

The trial received a tremendous amount of national publicity, a relatively new phenomenon for the times. It has been compared to the later trials of Bruno Hauptmann and O.J. Simpson as a landmark in media coverage of legal proceedings. Bruno Hauptmann Bruno Richard Hauptmann (November 26, 1899 – April 3, 1936) was a German carpenter and former criminal, sentenced to death and executed for the abduction and murder of Charles Augustus Lindbergh II, the 20-month old son of famous pilot Charles Lindbergh. ... Orenthal James Simpson (born July 9, 1947), commonly known as O. J. Simpson and also just by his initials O.J. and his nickname The Juice, is a retired American football player who achieved stardom at the collegiate and professional levels. ...


The case was memorialized in a popular jump-rope rhyme: A jump-rope rhyme, or skipping-rope rhyme, is a rhyme chanted by children while jumping rope. ...

Lizzie Borden took an axe
And gave her mother forty whacks.
And when she saw what she had done
She gave her father forty-one.

The anonymous rhyme was made up by a writer as an alluring little tune to sell newspapers even though in reality her stepmother suffered 18[2] or 19[1] blows, her father 11. Though acquitted for the crimes, Lizzie Borden was ostracized by neighbors following the murders.[1] Lizzie Borden's name was again brought to the public forefront when she was accused of shoplifting several years following the murders. For the band Shoplifting see Shoplifting (band). ...


Legacy

The house on Second Street where the murders occurred is now a bed and breakfast. It is open for daily tours. When the house was renovated some years ago by a previous owner, at least one hatchet was found.[citation needed] It was given to the police. Nothing came of it. Ongoing work has restored the home to a close approximation of its 1892 condition. Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The house was featured in an episode of the Sci-Fi Channel series Ghost Hunters. SCI FI (originally The Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... For other uses of the name, see Ghosthunters (disambiguation). ...


"Maplecroft," the mansion Lizzie bought after her acquittal, on then-fashionable French Street in the "highlands" is privately owned, and only occasionally available for touring.


Genealogy

Borden was distantly related to the American milk processor Gail Borden (1801-1874), Robert Borden (1854-1937), Canada's Prime Minister during World War I, and the American actress Elizabeth Montgomery (1933-1995), who actually portrayed Borden's life story in a 1975 movie. Gail Borden (1801-1874) Patent RE2103 for Improvements in Condensing Milk Gail Borden, Jr. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Sir Robert Laird Borden, PC, GCMG, KC, DCL, LL.D (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920, and the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Non-fiction works on Lizzie Borden

A number of works expounding different theories have been written about the crime. These include:

  • Brown, Arnold R. Lizzie Borden: The Legend, the Truth, the Final Chapter. Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55853-099-1.
  • de Mille, Agnes. Lizzie Borden: A Dance of Death. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1968.
  • Kent, David Forty Whacks: New Evidence in the Life and Legend of Lizzie Borden. Yankee Books, 1992, ISBN 0-89909-351-5.
  • Kent, David The Lizzie Borden Sourcebook. Boston: Branden Publishing Company, 1992, ISBN 0-8283-1950-2.
  • King, Florence. WASP, Where is Thy Sting? Chapter 15, "One WASP's Family, or the Ties That Bind." Stein & Day, 1977, ISBN 0-552-99377-8 (1990 Reprint Edition).
  • Lincoln, Victoria. A Private Disgrace: Lizzie Borden by Daylight. NY: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1967, ISBN 0-930330-35-8.
  • Masterton, William L. Lizzie Didn’t Do It! Boston: Branden Publishing Company, 2000, ISBN 0-8283-2052-7.
  • Pearson, Edmund Lester. Studies in Murder Ohio State University Press, 1999.
  • Spiering, Frank. Lizzie: The Story of Lizzie Borden. Dorset Press, 1991, ISBN 0-88029-685-2.
  • Sullivan, Robert. Goodbye Lizzie Borden. Brattleboro, VT: Stephen Greene Press, 1974, ISBN 0-14-011416-5.
  • Evan Hunter (see Artistic depictions/Prose Fiction, below) has a video out called Reopened: Lizzie Borden with Ed McBain. In it he has several historians present their theories on who killed the Bordens. At the end, he then gives his theory based on his work of fiction, Lizzie.

Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Artistic depictions

Ballet

  • Morton Gould wrote a ballet on the subject of Lizzie Borden, Fall River Legend, which premiered in a production by Ballet Theatre at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City on April 22, 1948 with Alicia Alonso in the title role. He later abridged the music into a suite which is the more commonly performed version. Choreography by Agnes de Mille.
  • Nashville Ballet premiered "Lizzie" October 2006 with fresh choreography by Paul Vasterling, set to Fall River Legend. His dark interpretation investigates allegations of sexual abuse as the disturbing motive for the murder.

Morton Gould (December 10, 1913 – February 21, 1996) was an American pianist, composer, conductor, and arranger. ... This article should belong in one or more categories. ... The Metropolitan Opera is located at Lincoln Center in New York, New York. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad del Cobre Martinez Hoya, simply known as Alicia Alonso, is a Cuban prima ballerina assoluta and choreographer. ... Agnes George de Mille (September 18, 1905 – October 7, 1993) was an American dancer and choreographer. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Comics

  • Rick Geary used the device of a fictional journal written by a Fall River contemporary of Lizzie as the basis of his comic book The Borden Tragedy: A Memoir of the Infamous Double Murder at Fall River, Massachusetts, 1892. NY: NBN Pub., 1997. It was an entry in his series A Treasury of Victorian Murder.
  • Princess Maplecroft A regularly published newsletter: the Lizzie Borden Quarterly used to feature a comic strip titled "Princess Maplecroft"
  • Spider Jerusalem from Warren Ellis's Transmetropolitan claims that “thorough judicious medication I have the brain patterns of Lizzie Borden and the steaming genitals of Genghis Khan”.

Rick Geary is an artist who is known primarily for his non-fiction comic book series, A Treasury of Victorian Murder. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol Settled 1670 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Spider Jerusalem is a fictional character and the protagonist of the comic book Transmetropolitan, created by writer Warren Ellis and artist Darick Robertson, published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ... This article is about the comic book author. ... Transmetropolitan is a postcyberpunk comic book series written by Warren Ellis with art by Darick Robertson and published by DC Comics. ...

Film

Knockaround Guys is a 2001 gangster movie starring Barry Pepper, Vin Diesel, John Malkovich and Dennis Hopper The movie is about the son of a mob boss. ... Monkeybone is a 2001 film that combines live-action with stop-motion animation. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saturday the 14th Strikes Back is a 1988 comic-horror film and a sequel to Saturday the 14th. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Shawnee Free Jones (b. ... Robert Cummings (born January 12, 1965 in Haverhill, Massachusetts), better known as Rob Zombie, is an American musician, film director, and writer. ... For the song of the same name, see House of 1000 Corpses (song) House of 1000 Corpses is a 2003 horror film written and directed by Rob Zombie, and is his directoral debut as a filmmaker. ... National Lampoons Class Reunion (sometimes called Class Reunion) is a 1982 comedy film, directed by Michael Miller and written by John Hughes. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...

Music

  • Lizzie was the topic of The Chad Mitchell Trio's aptly named Lizzie Borden/You Can't Chop Your Poppa Up in Massachusetts. It was written by Michael Brown for New Faces of 1952.
  • She was the subject of the operas Lizzie Borden (1965) by Jack Beeson and Lizbeth by Thomas Albert.
  • She was also the subject of the cockney knees-up style song "Oh, Mother Borden" by late 80s UK musical satirists The Dubious Brothers.
  • The song She Took An Axe by the thrash metal band Flotsam and Jetsam tells Lizzie's story, portraying her as a demon-inspired woman, treating the subject with humour.
  • Alice Cooper on his 1978 album From the Inside recorded the song Inmates (We're all Crazy), and recites part of the rhyme.
  • All Female Band Lizzie Borden And The Axes signed to record labels in the 1980's
  • Current Popular Band The Liz Borden Band's lead singer's name is Elizabeth Borden
  • American glam metal band Lizzy Borden is named after her.
  • Melora Creager, of Rasputina, wrote her first song at the age of six: 'Ballad of Lizzie Borden'
  • Lizzy Borden was named in 2006-2007 on the Spectrum-X song 3:15 A.M --- off of the album Tea Party With Zombies
  • A song by Boston duo, The Dresden Dolls, called Thirty Whacks is often suggested to be on the topic of Lizzie Borden.
  • The track 'Deathtrap' by horrorcore hip-hop crew The Gravediggaz on their album 6 Feet Deep portrays a situation loosely based around the Lizzie Borden murders.

The Chad Mitchell Trio was a popular folk music group during the 1960s. ... New Faces of 1952 is a musical revue with music and lyrics by various hands, including Ronny Graham and June Carroll, who also appeared in the Broadway production; and sketches by Ronny Graham and Melvin Brooks. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Jack Beeson (b. ... Thomas Albert (b. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... The Dubious Brothers were a UK band operating largely between 1986 and 1990 in and around the Leamington Spa area. ... Heavy Metal is a genre of music that emerged as a defined musical style in the 1970s, having its roots in hard rock bands which, between 1967 and 1974, took blues and rock to create a hybrid with a thick, heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound, characterised by the use... Flotsam and Jetsam is a thrash metal band formed in Phoenix, Arizona in 1983. ... Alice Cooper (born February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans four decades. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... From the Inside is an album by Alice Cooper, released in 1978 (see 1978 in music). ... Lizzy Borden was an American heavy metal band formed in 1984. ... Melora Creager (born March 25, 1966) is an American cellist and singer-songwriter. ... Rasputina is a varying collection of cellists playing alternative rock. ... The Dresden Dolls are an American musical duo from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Thirty Whacks is the seventh song on The Dresden Dolls debut album A is for Accident. ... Horrorcore is a subgenre of hip hop music and to a lesser extent hardcore music. ... Gravediggaz is/was a rap group from New York City. ... 6 Feet Deep was the debut album of the New York-based horrorcore hip hop supergroup, Gravediggaz. ...

Prose fiction

  • The fifth book in Kelley Armstrong's Women of the Otherworld series, Haunted features the character Eve Levine, who meets Lizzie in the ghost world, forced to relive the day of her crimes forever.
  • Angela Carter wrote a short story, entitled The Fall River Axe Murders, on the events leading up to the murders, as well as a short story entitled Lizzies Tiger, a strange little story written as a mock children's tale.
  • In Avram Davidson's short story The Deed of the Deft-Footed Dragon, an exiled Tong enforcer kills the elder Borden and his "concubine".
  • In the Mary Higgins Clark novel, No Place Like Home, the main character is compared to Lizzie Borden for having killed her mom as a child
  • Evan Hunter (aka Ed McBain) wrote a fictional account of the murder in his book Lizzie.
  • W.O. Mitchell's The Black Bonspiel of Wullie MacCrimmon features Miss Borden as a minor character.
  • In Agatha Christie's: After the Funeral, chapter V - subchapter 4, Mister Entwhistle recites Lizzie Borden's poem.
  • In And Then There Were None, Chapter 11, Detective Blore compares the way Mr. Rogers dies (axe to the head) to an unamed case fitting the description of the murder.
  • Elizabeth Engstrom wrote a novel titled Lizzie Borden, published by Tor Books in 1981. Most of the facts of Borden's life are integrated into the fictional tale.
  • Walter Satterthwait: Miss Lizzie, published 1989. The Return of Miss Lizzie, published 2005. The novels are set in 1921 and 1924.
  • Jhon Saul wrote a book, In the Dark Of the Night, which involved Lizzie possesing a man and forcing him to kill 27 and injure 13 people.

Kelley Armstrong Kelley Armstrong is a Canadian fantasy author. ... Women of the Otherworld is the name of a fantasy series by Canadian author Kelley Armstrong. ... Angela Carter (May 7, 1940 – February 16, 1992) was an English novelist and journalist, known for her post-feminist magical realist and science fiction works. ... Avram Davidson (April 23, 1923 – May 8, 1993) was a writer of fantasy fiction, science fiction, and crime fiction, as well as the author of many unclassifiable but unforgetable stories that do not fit into a genre niche. ... Mary Theresa Eleanor Higgins Clark Conheeney, best known as Mary Higgins Clark, (b December 24, 1927 in the Bronx, New York) is an American author of suspense novels. ... William Ormond Mitchell (March 13, 1914 - February 25, 1998) was a Canadian writer. ... Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan, DBE (15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976), mainly known as Agatha Christie, was an English crime fiction writer. ... For the video game, see Agatha Christie: And Then There Were None. ... Elizabeth Engstrom was born Bette Lynn (Betsy) Gutzmer, but she legally changed her name to Elizabeth Engstom a few years after publishing her first novel under that pseudonym. ...

Television

  • An episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents entitled "The Older Sister" retold the Borden story, implicating another family member.
  • Elizabeth Montgomery depicted the axe-wielding murderess in William Bast's two hour television movie for the ABC network, The Legend of Lizzie Borden (1975).
  • Borden was depicted in The Simpsons episodes "Treehouse of Horror IV" (1993), and "Cape Feare" (same year).
  • The Disney Channel show Smart Guy alluded to the Borden murders in an episode in which Yvette and a few friends pretend to be axe murderers and chant the well-known rhyme.
  • The Angel episode, I've Got You Under My Skin, claims that Lizzie Borden was possessed by an ethros demon, supposedly explaining the murders. Another Angel episode, Inside Out, suggested that Borden killed her parents in the nude to prevent blood from getting on her clothes.
  • In an episode of The Practice which was a crossover with Ally McBeal, the accused argued that she was a reincarnated spirit of Lizzie Borden.
  • Lizzie Borden was briefly mentioned on an episode of Histeria!, an animated history TV show for children on the American Warner Bros. network.
  • In the Cartoon Network series Time Squad, Lizzie Borden was among a team of evildoers recruited by Alfred Nobel, along with other evil historical figures so they can achieve the Nobel Prize.
  • Sci-Fi Channel's "Ghost Hunters" or "TAPS" team investigated the Lizzie Borden house for paranormal activity in episode 12 of season 2.
  • On 23rd January 2007, the Crime & Investigation Channel aired a documentary about the Lizzie Borden legendary tale.
  • In The Venture Brothers Episode "Tag Sale! You're It," Henchman 21 and Henchman 24 have a debate on who would win in a fantasy fist fight, Anne Frank or Lizzy Borden.
  • In 2004 the Discovery Channel aired an investigative documentary called "Lizzie Borden took an Axe." In the episode a pair of detectives used modern forensics to exhonerate Sullivan and prove Lizzie could have been the killer.
  • In CSI: Miami, Episode "Wannabe," a young forensics enthusiast has what he claims is Lizzie Borden's axe in his private museum. He is later killed with the axe.
  • On the Food Network show, Good Eats Alton Brown has an ax in his hand and talks about killing a chicken. He says he doesn't want to "go Lizzie Borden" on the chicken because it talked.
  • In an episode (5.16) of Frasier, Nikos, Frasiers cousin, mentions that his fiancé likes to play with her parents' heads whereupon Frasier replies "Yes, well, so did Lizzie Borden.".
  • In episode 10 of the popular Australian soap Prisoner, inmate Lizzie Birdsworth pretends her name is in actual fact a Nickname that derives from Lizzie Borden in order to frighten new inmate Helen Masters and comically asks Masters to ask the prison officers to return her axe.

Alfred Hitchcock Presents was an anthology television series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... William Bast is a screen and television writer and author currently living in Los Angeles. ... Lizzie Andrew Borden (July 19, 1860 - June 1, 1927) was a New England spinster who was tried for the brutal axe murders of her father and stepmother in the late 1800s. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Treehouse of Horror IV is the fifth episode of The Simpsons fifth season, first aired on October 28, 1993. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Cape Feare is the second episode of The Simpsons fifth season, which premiered on the Fox network on October 7, 1993 after being held over from season four. ... For Disney Channel in other countries, see Disney Channel around the world. ... Smart Guy was an American sitcom that aired on The WB for three seasons from 1997 to 1999. ... For the South Korean TV series of the same name, see Angel (2007 TV series). ... Ive Got You Under My Skin is the 14th episode of season 1 of the television show Angel. ... Inside Out was a metalcore band from Orange County, California, most notable for being the first band fronted by Zack de la Rocha, later of Rage Against the Machine. ... The Practice was an American legal drama created by David E. Kelley centering on the partners and associates at a Boston, Massachusetts law firm. ... For the character, see Ally McBeal (character). ... Histeria! was an animated television series of the late-1990s, created by Tom Ruegger (who also created Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Pinky and the Brain) at Warner Bros. ... “WB” redirects here. ... The tone or style of this article may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...   (October 21, 1833, Stockholm, Sweden—December 10, 1896, Sanremo, Italy) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite. ... The Venture Bros. ... Annelies Marie Anne Frank ( ) (June 12, 1929 – early March, 1945) was a European Jewish girl (born in Germany, stateless since 1941, but she claimed to be Dutch as she grew up in the Netherlands) who wrote a diary while in hiding with her family and four friends in Amsterdam during... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... Food Network is an American cable network that airs many specials and recurring (episodic) shows about food. ... Good Eats is a television cooking show created and hosted by Alton Brown that airs in North America on Food Network. ... Frasier is an American sitcom starring Kelsey Grammer as psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane. ...

Theatre

  • Lillian Gish played Effie Holden, a character based on Miss Borden in 1933's Broadway production Nine Pine Street.
  • David Foxton's A Memory of Lizzie is a short play in a drama anthology called Sepia And Song, 1987, ISBN 0-17-432409-X.
  • Blood Relations by Sharon Pollock premiered at Theatre Tree, Edmonton Canada in 1980. The play is set in 1902, with its "dream thesis" set in 1892, at Fall River, Massachusetts. It explores the events leading up to the trial.
  • Alexander Woollcott of New Yorker magazine, who was fascinated by Lizzie and commented on her during his 1930's radio broadcasts, was the inspiration for the Sheridan Whiteside character in the George S. Kaufman and Moss Hartplay The Man Who Came to Dinner including his interest in the Borden murders.
  • The Testimony of Lizzie Borden by Eric Stedman, a docudrama staged in an accurate reproduction of the Borden sitting room and re-created much of Lizzie's actual inquest testimony premiered at Theatre on the Towpath in New Hope, Pa. in 1994 and was presented in Fall River in 1995.
  • Lizzie Borden's Tempest by Brendan Byrnes played the New York International Fringe Festival in 1998. As Lizzie reads the role of Miranda in The Tempest with her local theatre club, Shakespeare's storm resurrects and reunites the Borden Family. The play's central idea is based on an actual program displayed at the Fall River Historical Society that lists a "Miss Borden" playing the role of Miranda in The Tempest.
  • The Massachusetts premiere of Lizzie Borden: The Musical with a book and music by Christopher McGovern and lyrics by Amy Powers was held in 2004 at the Stoneham Theatre in Massachusetts.[1]
  • Lizzie Borden: a Rock & Roll Road Show, by Tim Maner and Steven Cheslik-DeMeyer, produced by Tiny Mythic Theater Company, in 1990. In 1994, an expanded version of the show was staged in New York City.

Lillian Diana de Guiche (October 14, 1893 – February 27, 1993), was an Oscar-nominated American actress, better known as Lillian Gish. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Sharon Pollock (born April 19, 1936) is a Canadian playwright who lives in Calgary, Alberta. ... For other places with the same name, see Edmonton (disambiguation). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol Settled 1670 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Alexander Woollcott, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was a critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine, and a member of the Algonquin Round Table. ... The New Yorkers first cover, which is reprinted each year on the magazines anniversary. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Simon Kaufman (November 16, 1889 - June 2, 1961) was an American playwright, director, producer, humorist, and drama critic noted for his many collaborations with other writers and his contributions to 20th century American comedy. ... Moss Hart (October 24, 1904 – December 20, 1961) was an American playwright and director of plays and musical theater. ... The Man Who Came to Dinner, comedy in three acts written by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart that debuted on October 16, 1939 at the Music Box Theatre in New York City. ... The New York International Fringe Festival, or FringeNYC, is a Fringe theater festival and one of the largest multi-arts events in North America. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see The Tempest (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Adoptions of the name

  • Because of the fame and infamy, several women have later adopted the name "Lizzie" or "Lizzy Borden"; see Lizzie Borden (disambiguation) for a list.
  • At Knott's Berry Farm, their 35th Annual Halloween Haunt [2], featured a haunted maze themed after Lizzie Borden titled, "13 Axe Murder Manor". In it, guests were invited to wander the halls of a decrepit Victorian manor where victims were presented in various stages of disfigurement and disembowelment.
  • On Halloween Horror Nights 6 at Universal Resort in Orlando, Florida, Lizzie Borden had her own "scene room" in the haunted house "Universal's New House of Horror". The scene places the visitors in her parents' bedroom, with two chopped up corpses. Lizzie then bursts out of the closet with an axe in her hands.

Lizzie Borden was a woman famously accused and acquitted of murdering her father and stepmother in the late 19th century United States. ... Knotts Berry Farm is a brand name of two separate entities: a theme park in Buena Park, California, and a manufacturer of food specialty products (primarily jams and preserves) based in Placentia, California. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Did Lizzie Borden kill her parents with an ax because she was discovered having a lesbian affair?" from The Straight Dope
  2. ^ "Lizzie Borden Took An Ax" from Crime Library

Cecil Adams is the pen name of the author of The Straight Dope since 1973, a popular question and answer column published in The Chicago Reader, syndicated in thirty newspapers in the United States and Canada, and available online. ... The Crime Library is an online collection of feature stories about crimes, criminals, and trials by various writers. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lizzie Borden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1797 words)
Lizzie Andrew Borden (July 19, 1860 – June 1, 1927) was a New England spinster who was tried for the brutal axe murders of her father and stepmother in the late 19th century.
Lizzie Borden died of complications from gall bladder surgery on June 1, 1927, at the age of sixty-six.
She was the subject of the operas Lizzie Borden (1965) by Jack Beeson and Lizbeth by Thomas Albert.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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