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Encyclopedia > Livno
Livno
Ливно
[[Image:|100px|Coat of arms]]
Municipality coat of arms
Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighting the town or municipality location
General Information
Entity Federation
Canton 10
Land area 994 km²
Population (2003 census) 32,454
Population density
Coordinates 43°50′N, 17°00′E
Area code +387 34
Mayor Luka Čelan (HDZ)
Website http://www.livno-online.com
Livno
Livno
Livno karst field and mountain Dinara

Livno (Cyrillic: Ливно) is a town in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located between Tomislavgrad, Glamoč and Bosansko Grahovo. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Cantons are provincial units used in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Download high resolution version (1180x792, 77 KB)Dinara mountain - Troglav 2004 Picture taken by Marko Pokrajac from village Vrbica, Livno, Bosnia, summer 2004, and released to the public domain. ... Download high resolution version (1180x792, 77 KB)Dinara mountain - Troglav 2004 Picture taken by Marko Pokrajac from village Vrbica, Livno, Bosnia, summer 2004, and released to the public domain. ... Livno karst field and mountain Dinara Karst field or karstic field is a large flat plain in karst territory with areas usually 5 to 400 km². Their Slavonic name is polje (lit. ... Dinara is one of the more prominent mountains located on the border of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... West Bosnia Canton is the tenth canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the western part of Bosnia. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 29,321 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 34 Mayor Zdravko Prka (HSP) Website http://www. ... Location of Glamoc in BiH Glamoč Glamoč is a town and municipality of the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bosansko Grahovo is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Contents

Demographics

In 2003, the municipality of Livno was populated by 32,454 people (down from 39,526 in 1991).


Ethnic groups in the municipality include:

  • 27,244 Croats 83.4% (28,456 or 71.99% in 1991)
  • 4,189 Bosniaks 12.9% (5,927 or 15% in 1991)
  • 725 Serbs 2.2% (3,782 or 9.57% in 1991)
  • 296 others 0.9% (in 1991, there were 1122 Yugoslavs and 239 others)

The city of Livno itself had 10,925 residents in 1991. Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Languages Bosnian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Croatia... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...


Geography

The territory of the municipality is 994 km². Livno is the center of the canton, both cultural and industrial. It is the biggest city in the canton and the city is situated 730 meters over the sea. The river Bistrica flows through the city Livno and the river itself is 3 km long, which means that it is a very small river. Livno is also situated in the Livno fields which is the largest field in the entire country. The field is situated between the mountains Dinara and Kamesnica in the south, Tusnica in the east, Cincara in the north and Satora in the west. The Livno field is 405 km² which is almost a half of the Livno municipality.


Climate

Livno has a stable continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. It is situated between big mountains like Cincar and Kamesnica which make the climate more continental than the climate in Mostar and Capljina for example. The winters in that part of the country is not that cold as it is in Livno.


History

The plains of Livno have been populated since approximately 2000 BC, and well into the Roman era. Livno celebrates its founding as being September 28, 892 due to it being mentioned in a document of the Croatian Duke Mutimir released at that time. Settlement at Livno certainly existed prior to this date as Iliric setlement. The grave stones( called "Stecak") near the village of Potocani (nearby Livno) belong to one of the Iliric tibes, possibly Delmats.[citation needed] Slavs (Croatians) arrived to the region around the 6th century. They assimilated into the Iliric tribes until they lost their language and customs customs. Through the next three centuries they accepted the Catholic faith. From 1326 until 1463 Livno was part of the Bosnian Kingdom. One of the Bosnian Kingdom noble families bought Livno, Duvno, and Kupres (12th to 13th century) then called "Tropolje". The beginning of 14th century saw the Ottoman Empire advance and invade Bosnia for the next 400 years. In 1878) Livno was occupied by the Austro-Hungarian Empire by way of the Berlin Congress. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Poppo of Thuringia, count of the march in Thuringia,is deposed by the German Carolingian king Arnulf of Carinthia Arnulf of Carinthia invades Great Moravia Duke Guido of Spoleto crowned Roman Emperor in April The former Silla general Gyeonhwon attacks the city of Gwangju and declares himself king. ... A duke is a nobleman, historically of highest rank and usually controlling a duchy. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... The Bosnian Kingdom was a medieval Bosnian monarchy. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Prompted in 1878 by Otto von Bismarck to revise the Treaty of San Stefano, the Congress of Berlin proposed and ratified the Treaty of Berlin. ...

Image:Livno Velika Kula.jpg
Vejs-kula
Image:Livno Dzamija Balagusa.jpg
Mosque in Livno

From 1918 it was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929 the kingdom was renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia and divided into nine banates (banovine). Livno was divided into the Primorje banate, with its centre in the city of Split. This division brought Livno politically closer to Croatia. In 1939, the banates were further redrawn so that there was a Croatian banate (Banovina Hrvatska) which Livno was also a part of. From 1941 to 1945 Livno was part of the Fascist made "Independent State of Croatia". Writer Ivan Goran Kovačić joined the antifascist movement "Partisans" where he wrote his epic poem Jama (The Pit). He finished his poem in Livno. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Ban was a title used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 9th century and the 20th century. ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Ivan Goran Kovačić (1913-1943) was one of the greatest Yugoslavian writers of the 20th century. ... Anti-fascism is the opposition to fascist ideology, organization, or government, on all levels. ...


At the end of World War II, Livno was a part of Yugoslavia, and after it's collapse, a part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...


Miscellaneous

In recent years there has been some debate over whether Livno is part of the historical region of Bosnia, or of Herzegovina.[citation needed] Whatever the case, the city is culturally on the crossroads between Dalmatia, Bosnia, and Herzegovina. Recently, however, local courts have ruled that using Herzeg or Herzegovina to describe Canton 10 is unconstitutional and disallowed it on the grounds that no part of the Canton including Livno is a part of Herzegovina.[1] This article is about the geographic area of Herzegovina. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ...


The city's main landmark is a monument to Croatian King Tomislav, who was crowned at the nearby fields of Duvno. King Tomislav by Josip Horvat - Međimurec Tomislav (died in 928), was one of the greatest rulers of Croatia in Middle Ages. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area Population (1991 census) 29,321 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 34 Mayor Zdravko Prka (HSP) Website http://www. ...


Livno is also known for its cheese, Livanjski Sir or Livno cheese, and that cheese was first made during the Austro-Hungarian occupation. Image:Livno. ...


Sport

The local football club is NK Troglav. NK Troglav is a Bosnia-Herzegovinan football team from the town of Livno that currently plays in the First League of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Famous residents

Template:Tocnost

  • Bisera Alikadić
  • Zdravko Anić
  • Branko Dokić
  • Gabrijel Jurkić
  • fra Lovro Karaula
  • fra Marijan Karaula
  • Gordana Boban
  • Hasan Brkić
  • Ivo Džaja
  • Berislav Džaja
  • Mato Radnić Baja
  • Hasan Livnjak
  • Hadži Jusuf Livnjak
  • Narcis Jenko
  • Stipo Manđeralo
  • Borjana Krišto
  • Pero Mioć
  • Ivica Šiško
  • Fra Anđeo Kaić
  • Ivica Propadalo
  • Muharem Borić
  • Slavko Gotovac
  • fra Mihovil Sučić
  • Jovan Sundečić
  • Ivo Šeremet
  • Fra Marko Gelo
  • Ivica Vlašić
  • Alibeg Firdus
  • Vlado Marjanović
  • Mladen II. Šubić

Bisera Alikadić (1939) is a contemporary Bosnian poetess, known best for her work Larva. ... Self-Portrait Gabrijel Jurkić (24 March 1886 — 25 February 1974) was a Bosnian Croat artist. ... Borjana Krišto (born 13 August 1961) is the president of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina since February 22, 2007. ... Jovan Sundečić (1825–1900), was Serb poet, priest of the Serbian Orthodox Church and a secretary of Prince Nikola I of Montenegro. ...

External links

  • Municipality of Livno website (BCS)
  • [2] Livno Online
  • [3] Aero Club of Livno
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Coordinates: 43°50′N, 17°00′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Livno - LoveToKnow 1911 (90 words)
LIVNO, a town of Bosnia, situated on the eastern side of the fertile plain of Livno, at the foot of Mount Krug (6581 ft.).
Livno had a trade in grain, live-stock and silver filigree-work up to 1904, when a fire swept away more than soo of the old Turkish houses, together with the Roman citadel.
Remains prove that Livno occupies the site of a Roman settlement, the name of which is uncertain.
Livno - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (689 words)
Livno (Cyrillic: Ливно) is a town in western Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The field is situated between the mountains Dinara and Kamesnica in the south, Tusnica in the east, Cincara in the north and Satora in the west.
Livno is famous for its cheese, Livanjski Sir or Livno cheese, and that cheese was first made during the ocupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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