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Encyclopedia > Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers

Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers is a biography of the Greek philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius. Diogenes Laërtius, the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laerte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii. ...


It was written in Greek and professes to give an account of the lives and sayings of the Greek philosophers. Although it is at best an uncritical and unphilosophical compilation, its value, as giving us an insight into the private life of the Greek sages, justly led Michel de Montaigne to exclaim that he wished that instead of one Laërtius there had been a dozen. [citation needed] Michel de Montaigne Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (IPA pronunciation: []) (February 28, 1533 – September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ...


He treats his subject in two divisions which he describes as the Ionian and the Italian schools; the division is quite unscientific. The biographies of the former begin with Anaximander, and end with Clitomachus, Theophrastus and Chrysippus; the latter begins with Pythagoras, and ends with Epicurus. The Socratic school, with its various branches, is classed with the Ionic; while the Eleatics and sceptics are treated under the Italic. He also includes his own poetic verse, albeit pedestrian, about the philosophers he discusses. The Ionic School of Ionia was the earliest of the schools of philosophy in Greece. ... Anaximander Anaximander (Greek: Αναξίμανδρος)(c. ... Kleitomachos (Greek: Κλειτόμαχος, variously also transliterated Cleitomachus or Clitomachus) may refer to: A Theban athlete of the 3rd century BCE A Carthaginian philosopher or the 2nd century BCE This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Statue of Theophrastus Theophrastus, a native of Eressos in Lesbos born c. ... Chrysippus of Soli (279-207 BC) was Cleanthess pupil and eventual successor to the head of the stoic philosophy (232-204 BC). ... Bust of Pythagoras, Vatican Pythagoras (approximately 582 BC–507 BC, Greek: Πυθαγόρας) was an Ionian (Greek) mathematician and philosopher, founder of the mystic, religious and scientific society called Pythagoreans. ... Bust of Epicurus Epicurus (Epikouros or Ἐπίκουρος in Greek) (341 BC, Samos – 270 BC, Athens) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the founder of Epicureanism, one of the most popular schools of Hellenistic Philosophy. ...


The whole of the last book is devoted to Epicurus, and contains three most interesting letters addressed to Herodotus, Pythocles and Menoeceus. His chief authorities were Diodes of Magnesia's Cursory Notice of Philosophers and Favorinus's Miscellaneous History and Memoirs. From the statements of Burlaeus (Walter Burley, a 14th-century monk) in his De vita et moribus philosophorum the text of Diogenes seems to have been much fuller than that which we now possess. Bust of Herodotus at Naples Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Greek: , Herodotos) was a historian who lived in the 5th century BC (484 BC-ca. ... In Greek mythology, Menoeceus was the father of Jocasta and Creon, and (in a true Greek-drama way) both grandfather and father-in-law of Oedipus. ... Favorinus (2nd century AD), was a Greek sophist and philosopher who flourished during the reign of Hadrian. ... Walter can refer to: Walter Township, Minnesota writer Henry Spencer Ashbee, who used the pseudonym Walter This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Diogenes (Διογένης) is a Greek name shared by several important historical figures: Diogenes of Sinope ( 412- 323 BC), better known as Diogenes the Cynic or simply Diogenes Diogenes Apolloniates (c:a 460 BC), philosopher Diogenes of Seleukia (c:a 150 BC) Diogenes Laertius (between 200- 500 AD), historian This is...


External links

  • On-line version of Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers
  • Article
  • Diogenes Laërtius The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers trans. C.D. Yonge (London: George Bell & Sons, 1895: Public Domain)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ancient History Sourcebook: Diogenes Laërtius:  The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers: Book VII: The ... (14858 words)
The most eminent were, first of all, Peraeus, of Cittium, the son of Demetrius, whom some call a friend of his, but others describe him as a servant and one of the amanuenses who were sent to him by Antigonus, to whose son, Halcymeus, he also acted as tutor.
And again, to live according to virtue is the same thing as living according to one’s experience of those things which happen by nature; as Chrysippus explains it in the first book of his treatise on the Chief Good.
And their opinion is that a man exercises virtue in everything, as Cleanthes asserts, for it cannot be lost; and the virtuous man on every occasion exercises his soul, which is in a state of perfection.
Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (307 words)
Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers is a biography of the Greek philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius.
His chief authorities were Diodes of Magnesia's Cursory Notice of Philosophers and Favorinus's Miscellaneous History and Memoirs.
Diogenes Laërtius The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers trans.
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