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Encyclopedia > Liverpool F.C
Liverpool
Full name Liverpool Football Club
Nickname The Reds
Founded 1892
Ground Anfield, Liverpool
Capacity 45,400
Chairman David Moores
Manager Rafael Benitez
League FA Premier League
2003-04 Premier League, 4th
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Home colours
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Away colours

Liverpool Football Club is the most successful English football team, having won 4 European Cups and 18 league (English Premier League, formerly First Division) titles. Their home ground is the 45,362 capacity Anfield, which is about three miles from the city centre of Liverpool.


The club was founded on March 15, 1892 by John Houlding, the owner of Anfield. Houlding decided to form his own team after Everton FC were evicted from Anfield in an argument over rent. The original name was to be Everton FC but was changed to Liverpool FC after The Football Association refused to recognise the team as Everton.


On July 30, 2004, the Liverpool City Council granted the club planning permission to build a new 60,000 seat stadium, nearby at Stanley Park. For a time, it looked likely that the stadium would be shared with local rivals Everton, but talks on a groundshare failed in January 2005, and Liverpool will now have the stadium to itself. It is hoped that if all goes to plan, construction of the new stadium will begin in the summer of 2005 and it will open in 2007. The old stadium will then become a public plaza surrounded by apartments, offices, bars, restaurants and a hotel. The treatment of the old stadium requires some sensitivity as a number of deceased fans have had their ashes officially scattered on the pitch over the years.


The club was especially dominant in the 1970s and 1980s. Great players from this time include Ray Clemence, Mark Lawrenson, Graeme Souness, Ian Callaghan, Phil Neal, Kevin Keegan, Alan Hansen, Kenny Dalglish (102 Caps) and Ian Rush (346 Goals).


The club was also present at two of the biggest tragedies in European football - at Heysel in 1985 and Hillsborough in 1989.


They completed an unprecedented treble of two domestic cups (the League Cup and the FA Cup) and the UEFA Cup in the 2000/01 season. However winning a treble was not something new to Liverpool. In 1984 they were victorious in the European Cup, the League Cup and the Championship. This was the first treble of major honours to be completed by an English club.

Contents

Honours

  • Football League First Division Champions 18 (a record in England)
    • 1900/01, 1905/06, 1921/22, 1922/23, 1946/47, 1963/64, 1965/66, 1972/73, 1975/76, 1976/77, 1978/79, 1979/80, 1981/82, 1982/83, 1983/84, 1985/86, 1987/88, 1989/90
  • Football League Second Division Champions 4
    • 1893/94, 1895/96, 1904/05, 1961/62
  • Lancashire League Champions 1
    • 1892-93
  • European Cup 4
    • 1976/77 3-1 vs. Borussia Mönchengladbach
    • 1977/78 1-0 vs. Club Brugge
    • 1980/81 1-0 vs. Real Madrid
    • 1983/84 1-1 (4-2 in penalty shootout) vs. AS Roma
  • UEFA Cup Winners 3
    • 1972/73, 1975/76, 2000/01
  • FA Cup Winners 6
    • 1964/65, 1973/74, 1985/86, 1988/89, 1991/92, 2000/2001
  • FA Youth Cup Winners 1
    • 1995/96
  • League Cup Winners 7
    • 1980/81, 1981/82, 1982/83, 1983/84, 1994/95, 2000/01, 2002/03
  • Charity Shield Winners 14
    • 1963/64+, 1964/65+, 1965/66, 1973/74, 1975/76, 1976/77+, 1978/79, 1979/80, 1981/82, 1985/86*, 1987/88, 1988/89, 1989/90, 2000/01,
  • European Super Cup Winners 2
    • 1977, 2001
  • Super Cup Winners 1
    • 1985/86
  • Reserves Division One Winners 16
    • 1956/57, 1968/69, 1969/70, 1970/71, 1972/73, 1973/74, 1974/75, 1975/76, 1976/77, 1978/79, 1980/81, 1981/82, 1983/84, 1984/85, 1989/90, 1999/2000

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Interesting facts

Match statistics

  • Only 14 first team players were used in the 1965/66 season, when Liverpool won the League.
  • Liverpool played against Blackburn Rovers F.C. on the 5th of September 1896. Rovers won 1-0, but six goals were disallowed during this game.
  • Liverpool's first ever competitive game was in the Lancashire League against Higher Walton. They won 8-0. Their side did not have one English player.
  • League debut: 2-0 v Middlesbrough Ironopolis on September 2, 1893 (Division 2)
  • FA Cup debut: September 1892 4-0 v Nantwich
  • Biggest win: 11-0 v Strømsgodset on the 17th of September 1974.
  • Biggest league win: 9-0 v Crystal Palace F.C. in 1990.
  • Biggest defeat: 0-8 v Huddersfield in 1935.
  • First Honour: in the 1893/94 season they became the Second Division champions.
  • First European match: on the 17th of August 1964 they played against KR Reykjavik, Iceland, for the European Cup, and won 5-0.
  • Ian Rush holds the record in Liverpool FC for most goals in all competitions for one season - he scored 47 goals in the 1983/84 season.
  • On the other side, Roger Hunt has the most league goals for one season - in the 1961/62 season he scored 41 goals.
  • Only four people have scored 5 goals in one match. These are:

Club culture

  • The song "You'll Never Walk Alone", originally from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel and famously performed by Liverpool musicians Gerry & the Pacemakers, is the anthem of Liverpool FC, and has become almost synonymous with the club.
  • Celebrity fans of the club include the late DJ John Peel.

Reserve squad

  • Liverpool's reserve team plays its home games at the Racecourse Ground, the home stadium of Wrexham A.F.C..

Other

Current Squad

As of 2004
1. Jerzy Dudek
3. Steve Finnan
4. Sami Hyypiä
5. Milan Baros
6. John Arne Riise
7. Harry Kewell
8. Steven Gerrard
9. Djibril Cissé
10. Sanz Luis Garcia
11. Vladimir Smicer
12. Mauricio Pellegrino
14. Xabi Alonso
16. Dietmar Hamann
17. Josemi
18. Antonio Nunez
19. Fernando Morientes
20. Scott Carson
21. Djimi Traore
22. Chris Kirkland
23. Jamie Carragher
24. Florent Sinama-Pongolle
25. Igor Biscan
26. Richie Partridge
28. Stephen Warnock
29. Patrice Luzi
31. David Raven
32. John Welsh
33. Neil Mellor
34. Darren Potter
36. Jon Otsemobor
37. Zak Whitbread
tba. Anthony Le Tallec

Players loaned out

Gregory Vignal (Rangers F.C.)
Bruno Cheyrou (Olympique de Marseille)
Carl Medjani (L'Orient)
Alou Diarra (RC Lens)
El Hadji Diouf (Bolton Wanderers F.C.)
Salif Diao (Birmingham City F.C.)
Paul Harrison (Leeds United F.C.)

Staff

Manager Rafael Benitez
Assistant manager Pako Ayesteran
First team coaches Alex Miller, Paco Herrera
Reserve team manager Hughie McAuley
Goalkeeping coach Jose Ochotorena
Chief scout Ron Yeats
Academy director Steve Heighway

Stars

PRE-SHANKLY (1892 - 1959)


THE GLORY YEARS - 1960 TO 1990


1990 - PRESENT

Managers

W. E. Barclay 1892 - 1896
Tom Watson 1896 - 1915
David Ashworth 1920 - 1923
Matt McQueen 1923 - 1928
George Patterson 1928 - 1936
George Kay 1936 - 1951
Don Welsh 1951 - 1956
Phil Taylor 1956 - 1959
Bill Shankly 1959 - 1974
Bob Paisley 1974 - 1983
Joe Fagan 1983 - 1985
Kenny Dalglish 1985 - 1991
Graeme Souness 1991 - 1994
Roy Evans 1994 - 1998
Gerard Houllier 1998 - 2004
Rafael Benitez 2004 - date

Statistics

League appearances

Rank Player Years Apps Apps per Season
1 Ian Callaghan (1959-1978) 640 33,68
2 Billy Liddell (1945-1961) 495 30,94
3 Emlyn Hughes (1966-1979) 474 36,46
4 Ray Clemence (1968-1981) 470 36,15
5 Ian Rush (1980-1996) 468 29,25
6 Tommy Smith (1962-1978) 467 29,19
7 Phil Neal (1974-1986) 455 37,92
8 Bruce Grobbelaar (1981-1994) 440 33,85
9 Alan Hansen (1977-1990) 436 33,54
10 Elisha Scott (1912-1934) 430 19,55
11 Chris Lawler (1962-1976) 406 29
12 Roger Hunt (1959-1970) 404 36,73
13 Donald McKinlay (1909-1929) 393 19,65
14 Arthur Goddard (1901-1914) 388 29,85
15 Ronnie Whelan (1980-1994) 363 25,93
16 Gordon Hodgson (1925-1936) 359 32,64
17 Ron Yeats (1961-1971) 358 35,8
18 Alan A'Court (1952-1965) 355 27,31
18 Kenny Dalglish (1977-1990) 355 27,31
19 Ronnie Moran (1952-1965) 343 26,38
20 Ephraim Longworth (1910-1928) 342 19

All competitions appearances

Rank Player Years Apps Apps per Season
1 Ian Callaghan (1959-1978) 848 44,63
2 Emlyn Hughes (1966-1979) 657 50,54
3 Ray Clemence (1968-1981) 656 50,46
4 Ian Rush (1980-1996) 644 40,25
5 Phil Neal (1974-1986) 635 52,92
6 Tommy Smith (1962-1978) 633 39,56
7 Alan Hansen (1977-1990) 603 46,38
8 Bruce Grobbelaar (1981-1994) 579 44,54
9 Chris Lawler (1962-1976) 546 39
10 Billy Liddell (1945-1961) 537 33,56
11 Kenny Dalglish (1977-1990) 496 38,15
12 Roger Hunt (1959-1970) 489 44,45
13 Ronnie Whelan (1980-1994) 478 34,14
14 Elisha Scott (1912-1934) 467 21,22
14 Steve Heighway (1970-1981) 467 42,45
16 Phil Thompson (1971-1983) 466 38,83
17 Ron Yeats (1961-1971) 451 45,1
18 Steve Nicol (1982-1995) 446 34,30
19 Donald McKinlay (1909-1929) 433 21,65
20 Ian St John (1961-1971) 424 42,4

League scorers

Rank Player Years Goals Goals per Season
1 Roger Hunt (1959-1970) 245 22.27
2 Gordon Hodgson (1925-1936) 232 21.09
3 Ian Rush (1980-1996) 228 14.25
4 Billy Liddell (1945-1961) 216 13.5
5 Harry Chambers (1919-1928) 135 15
6 Jack Parkinson (1899-1914) 123 8.2
7 Robbie Fowler (1993-2001) 120 15
8 Sam Raybould (1899-1907) 119 14.88
9 Kenny Dalglish (1977-1990) 118 9.08
10 Dick Forshaw (1919-1927) 117 14.63
11 Jack Balmer (1935-1952) 99 5.82
12 Ian St John (1961-1971) 95 9.5
13 John Barnes (1987-1997) 84 8.4
14 Jimmy Melia (1955-1964) 76 8.44
15 Albert Stubbins (1946-1953) 75 10.71
15 Arthur Goddard (1901-1914) 75 5.77
17 John Toshack (1970-1978) 74 9.25
17 Berry Nieuwenhuys (1933-1947) 74 5.29
19 Arthur Cox (1897-1909) 72 6
20 Kevin Keegan (1971-1977) 68 11.33

Overall scorers

Rank Player Years Goals Goals per season
1 Ian Rush (1980-1996) 346 21.63
2 Roger Hunt (1959-1970) 285 25.90
3 Gordon Hodgson (1925-1936) 240 21.81
4 Billy Liddell (1945-1961) 229 14.31
5 Robbie Fowler (1993-2001) 171 21.38
6 Kenny Dalglish (1977-1990) 168 12.92
7 Harry Chambers (1919-1928) 151 16.78
8 Michael Owen (1997-2004) 131 18.71
9 Jack Parkinson (1899-1907) 128 16
10 Sam Raybould (1977-1990) 127 9.77
11 Dick Forshaw (1919-1927) 124 15.5
12 Ian St John (1961-1971) 118 11.8
13 Jack Balmer (1935-1952) 111 6.53
14 John Barnes (1987-1997) 106 10.6
15 Kevin Keegan (1971-1977) 100 16.67
16 John Toshack (1970-1978) 95 11.88
17 Albert Stubbins (1946-1953) 83 11.86
18= Arthur Cox (1897-1909) 80 6.67
18= Arthur Goddard (1901-1914) 80 6.15
20 Berry Nieuwenhuys (1933-1947) 79 5.64
21= Jimmy Melia (1955-1964) 78 8.67
21= David Johnson (1976-1982) 78 13

League scorers by seasons

Year Player Goals
1894 James Stott 14
1895 Jimmy Ross 12
1896 George Allan 25
1897 George Allan 17
1898 Frank Becton 11
1899 Hugh Morgan / Tommy Robertson 10
1900 John Walker 10
1901 Sam Raybould 16
1902 Sam Raybould 16
1903 Sam Raybould 31
1904 Jack Cox 10
1905 Robert Robinson 23
1906 Joe Hewitt 23
1907 Sam Raybould 15
1908 Joe Hewitt 21
1909 Ronald Orr 20
1910 Ronald Orr 20
1911 Jack Parkinson 19
1912 Jack Parkinson 12
1913 Arthur Metcalfe 15
1914 Tom Miller 16
1915 Frederick Pagnam 24
   
1920 Harry Chambers 15
1921 Harry Chambers 22
1922 Harry Chambers 19
1923 Jimmy Walsh 22
1924 Jimmy Walsh 16
1925 Dick Forshaw 19
1926 Dick Forshaw 27
1927 Harry Chambers 17
1928 Gordon Hodgson 23
1929 Gordon Hodgson 30
1930 Jimmy Smith 23
1931 Gordon Hodgson 36
1932 Gordon Hodgson 26
1933 Gordon Hodgson 24
1934 Gordon Hodgson 23
1935 Gordon Hodgson 27
1936 Fred Howe 17
1937 Fred Howe 17
1938 Alfred Hanson 14
1939 Willie Fagan / Phil Taylor / Berry Nieuwenhuys 14
   
1947 Jack Balmer / Albert Stubbins 24
1948 Albert Stubbins 24
1949 Jack Balmer 14
1950 Billy Liddell 18
1951 Billy Liddell 15
1952 Billy Liddell 19
1953 Billy Liddell 13
1954 Louis Bimpson / Jack Smith (football player) 13
1955 Billy Liddell 30
1956 Billy Liddell 28
1957 Billy Liddell 21
1958 Billy Liddell 24
1959 Jimmy Melia 21
1960 Dave Hickson / Roger Hunt 21
1961 Kevin Lewis 19
1962 Roger Hunt 41
1963 Roger Hunt 24
1964 Roger Hunt 31
1965 Roger Hunt 25
1966 Roger Hunt 30
1967 Roger Hunt 14
1968 Roger Hunt 25
1969 Roger Hunt 13
1970 Bobby Graham 13
1971 Alun Evans 10
1972 John Toshack 13
1973 John Toshack / Kevin Keegan 13
1974 Kevin Keegan 12
1975 John Toshack 12
1976 John Toshack 16
1977 Kevin Keegan 16
1978 Kenny Dalglish 20
1979 Kenny Dalglish 21
1980 David Johnson 21
1981 Terry McDermott 13

 
 

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