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Encyclopedia > Liverpool Cathedral
North elevation of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral.
North elevation of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral.

Liverpool Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral of Liverpool, England, built on St. James' Mount in the centre of the city. It is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Liverpool. Its official name is the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1090x755, 184 KB) North elevation of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1090x755, 184 KB) North elevation of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott. ... The Church of England logo since 1996. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in England. ... Arms of the Bishop of Liverpool The Bishop of Liverpool is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Liverpool in the Province of York. ...


The Anglican cathedral is one of the two cathedrals in the city. The other, the Roman Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral of Liverpool, is situated around a mile to the north on Mount Pleasant next to Liverpool Science Park. Appropriately, in view of the divisions within Christianity, and particularly between the Anglican and Catholic Communions, the cathedrals are linked by Hope Street. The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral steps The south elevation and main entrance to the Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, a Roman Catholic cathedral in Liverpool, has the official name of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King. ... Liverpool Science Park is the newest and fastest growing science park in the UK. Since it opened in January 2006, the Innovation Centre on Mount Pleasant, right next to Liverpool Cathedral in the centre of the city has provided serviced technical office space in Liverpool to many IT, design and... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...

Contents

Construction

John Charles Ryle was installed as the first Bishop of Liverpool in 1880, but the diocese had no cathedral, merely a "pro-cathedral" in the rather ordinary parish church of St. Peter's, Liverpool. Following much debate, church and civic leaders agreed a new cathedral should be built and in 1902 held an open competition to select a design. John Charles Ryle (May 10, 1816 - June 10, 1900) was the first bishop of Liverpool (Anglican / Church of England). ... This page is a list of Church of England Dioceses, along with their geographic location and the foundation dates of those founded in the modern era, i. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


For architects, this was a very significant event; not only was it to be one of the largest building projects of the 20th century, but this was only the third opportunity to build an Anglican cathedral in England following the Reformation of the 16th century (St. Paul's Cathedral being the first, rebuilt from scratch after the Great Fire of London in 1666, and Truro Cathedral being the second, built in the 19th century). St Pauls Cathedral is a cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London in London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. ... Detail of painting from 1666 of the Great Fire of London by an unknown artist, depicting the fire as it would have appeared on the evening of Tuesday, 4 September from a boat in the vicinity of Tower Wharf. ... Truro Cathedral is a cathedral in the city of Truro in Cornwall in south-west England. ...


The competition attracted over 100 entries including designs from noted architects such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Charles Herbert Reilly. In 1903 the assessors, George Bodley and Norman Shaw, selected a proposal submitted by the 22-year-old student Giles Gilbert Scott despite the fact that he had no previous buildings to his credit. The choice of winner was even more contentious with the cathedral committee when it was discovered that Scott was a Roman Catholic, but the decision stood. (Ironically and conversely, the original architect of the Roman Catholic cathedral in Liverpool, Sir Edwin Lutyens, was an Anglican.) For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... Charles Mackintosh redirects here. ... Sir Charles Herbert Reilly Born London March 4th, 1874 Died London February 2nd, 1948. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... George Frederick Bodley (1827 – 21 October 1907) was an English architect working in the Gothic revival style. ... Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, OM, FRIBA (November 9, 1880 – February 8, 1960) was an English architect known for his work on such buildings as Liverpool Cathedral and Battersea Power Station. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral steps The south elevation and main entrance to the Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, a Roman Catholic cathedral in Liverpool, has the official name of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King. ... Lutyens Early Life Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens OM (March 29, 1869 - January 1, 1944), a British architect, designed many English country houses and was instrumental in the layout and building of New Delhi. ...

Drawing of Gilbert Scott's original twin towered design
Drawing of Gilbert Scott's original twin towered design
The Lady Chapel was the first part of the cathedral to be completed. It is noticeably more elaborate than the rest of the cathedral and retains features of Scott's original Gothic design, whilst also showing the influence of George Frederick Bodley.
The Lady Chapel was the first part of the cathedral to be completed. It is noticeably more elaborate than the rest of the cathedral and retains features of Scott's original Gothic design, whilst also showing the influence of George Frederick Bodley.

Although young, Scott was steeped in ecclesiastical design and well versed in the Gothic revival style with his grandfather, George Gilbert Scott, and father both designing numerous churches. Due to Scott's inexperience, the cathedral committee appointed Bodley to oversee the detailed architectural design and building work. Bodley and Scott's collaboration, however, was a stormy one, with Scott reportedly verging on resigning before Bodley's death in 1907.[citation needed] Drawing of Giles Gilbert Scotts original design for Liverpool Anglican Cathedral This work is copyrighted. ... Drawing of Giles Gilbert Scotts original design for Liverpool Anglican Cathedral This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1266x941, 395 KB) The Lady Chapel of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott overseen by G F Bodley. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1266x941, 395 KB) The Lady Chapel of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott overseen by G F Bodley. ... Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, OM, FRIBA (November 9, 1880 – February 8, 1960) was an English architect known for his work on such buildings as Liverpool Cathedral and Battersea Power Station. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... George Frederick Bodley (1827 – 21 October 1907) was an English architect working in the Gothic revival style. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses. ... George Frederick Bodley (1827 – 21 October 1907) was an English architect working in the Gothic revival style. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The foundation stone was laid by King Edward VII in 1904, with the first element, the Lady Chapel, opening in 1910. It was at this time that Scott, free of Bodley and growing in confidence, submitted an entirely new design for the remaining (main) part of the structure. Scott's original design was based on Durham Cathedral and had two towers at the west end, the revised plan called for a single central, exceptionally tall tower topped with a lantern. At the same time Scott change the style somewhat, losing much of the gothic detailing and introducing a significantly more modern, monumental style, even incorporating elements from Rennie Mackintosh's competition entry. The cathedral committee approved the new plans, which also made the cathedral's interior much more spacious. With the altar completed, the church was consecrated in 1924, but regular services were not held until 1940. Construction of the tower was finished in 1942, but the Second World War and inflation slowed work and the completion of the building only came in 1978; too late for Scott, who died in 1960 and is buried under the belltower. Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Durham Cathedrals famous Sanctuary Knocker on the North Door Ground plan of Durham Cathedral Legend of the founding of Durham depicted on cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, which is almost always referred to as Durham Cathedral, in the city... Hill House, Helensburgh. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Belltower at University of California, Riverside, a center piece of the campus at UC Riverside. ...


Details

The interior of the cathedral, looking up in to the vault below the central belltower.
The interior of the cathedral, looking up in to the vault below the central belltower.

Liverpool Cathedral occupies a total area of 9,600 square metres and was built mainly of sandstone quarried from the Liverpool suburb of Woolton. The cathedral's belltower is the largest, and also one of the tallest in the world (see List of tallest churches), rising to a height of 100 metres. It houses the highest (66 metres) and heaviest (31 tonnes) ringing peal of bells in the world. One of the cathedral's stained glass windows shows the artisans who designed and built it — Bodley and Scott are both shown, sitting together. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1296x972, 383 KB) Interior of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral looking up in to vault of the belltower. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1296x972, 383 KB) Interior of Liverpool Anglican Cathedral looking up in to vault of the belltower. ... Woolton is a suburban area of South Liverpool, England and a Liverpool City Council Ward. ... From the year 1311 until the advent of the skyscraper, Christian churches were among the tallest buildings in the world. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ...

The cathedral's west window. The uppermost window is the Benedicite window.
The cathedral's west window. The uppermost window is the Benedicite window.

Admission to the cathedral is free but with a suggested donation of £3. It is open daily year-round from 8 am to 6 pm, and regular services are held every Sunday. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3197x4485, 10384 KB) Summary Liverpool Anglican Cathedral stained glass window. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3197x4485, 10384 KB) Summary Liverpool Anglican Cathedral stained glass window. ...


Currently there are plans to link the Cathedral to Hope Street via a bridge over St James Mount and Gardens. This will connect to the north porch, which was originally intended as the main entrance and currently contains a refectory. Hope Street, Liverpool, England stretches from Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral past Liverpool Cathedral to Upper Parliament Street. ... St. ... A refectory is a dining room, especially in monasteries, boarding schools and academic institutions. ...


Recent events

From summer 2007 on, Liverpool Cathedral will play host to The Liverpool Shakespeare Festival - an annual theatrical highlight introduced with a season of Macbeth from 16 August to 8 September. The Liverpool Shakespeare Festival is an annual celebration of some of Shakespeares greatest plays. ...


On 6 September 2007 the funeral of 11-year-old Rhys Jones, who was killed in a street-violence incident at Croxteth, took place at the cathedral. The service, presided over by the Bishop, the Right Reverend James Jones was attended by thousands of mourners inside and around the cathedral.[1] is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... James Suart Jones (born 18 August 1948) is a British Anglican clergy and the current Bishop of Liverpool. ...


Liverpool Church of Scotland congregation

The eastern end of the cathedral featuring the high altar and stained glass window
The eastern end of the cathedral featuring the high altar and stained glass window

The Liverpool St. Andrew's congregation of the Church of Scotland uses the Western Rooms of the Cathedral for Sunday services. Until the early 1980s the congregation worshipped in St Andrew's Church, Rodney Street (built in 1823 by the architect John Foster Jr, but now derelict). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3180x6043, 13440 KB) Summary Liverpool Anglican Cathedral stained glass window. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3180x6043, 13440 KB) Summary Liverpool Anglican Cathedral stained glass window. ... The Church of Scotland (CofS; Scottish Gaelic: ), known informally by its pre-Union Scots name, The Kirk, is the national church of Scotland. ... Church of Saint Andrew, Liverpool, It is a Presbyterian church built to serve the grown Scots community. ... Rodney Street in Liverpool, Merseyside is noted for the number of doctors and its Georgian architecture. ... John Foster, Junior (circa 1787 - 26 September 1846) was an English architect. ...


Liverpool Cathedral Bells

At 219 ft above floor level, the bells of Liverpool Cathedral are the highest and heaviest ringing peal in the world. There are 13 bells, named the Bartlett bells after Thomas Bartlett (d September 4, 1912). Bartlett was a native of Liverpool who bequeathed the funding. They weigh a total of 16.5 tons and are grouped in a circle around the great 14.5 ton bourdon bell. The bells vary in size and note from the comparatively light 9cwt treble to the tenor weighing 82cwt (over 4 tons). The 13th bell (sharp 2nd) is extra to the main peal, and its purpose is to make possible ringing in a correct octave in a lighter key. All 13 bells were cast by bellfounders Mears & Stainbank of Whitechapel in London. The initial letters of the inscriptions on the 13 bells spell out the name “Thomas Bartlett” (from tenor to treble). is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Whitechapel Bell Foundry is a bell foundry based in the Whitechapel district of east London. ...


The bourdon bell "Great George" was cast by Taylors of Loughborough and at 14 tons 10cwt is the second only to "Great Paul" of St Paul's Cathedral in London. "Great George", named in the memory of King George V, is hung in a pendant position and is sounded by means of a counter-balanced clapper. John Taylor Bellfounders is, as of 2004, the worlds largest bell foundry, based in Loughborough, England. ... This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ...


Organ and Organists

Organ

The choir contains the largest pipe organ in the UK with two five-manual consoles, 10,267 pipes and a trompette militaire. There is an annual Anniversary Recital on the Saturday nearest to 18th October - the date of the organ's consecration. The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by forcing pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ... The trompette militaire is a lourd majestic sounding organ stop. ...


Notable Organists

  • 1910 — Frederick Willial Burstall
  • 1915 — Walter Henry Goss-Custard
  • 1955 — Noel Rawsthorne
  • 1980 — Ian Tracey

Noel Rawsthorne (b. ... Ian Tracey is Organist and Master of the Choristers at Liverpool Cathedral, Organist to the City of Liverpool, at St. ...

Dimensions

  • Total external length (including Lady chapel) 584 ft.
  • Length of nave, without narthex 192"
  • Width of nave between centres of pillars 53½"
  • Width across transepts 198"
  • Width of north façade 196"
  • Height of arches in nave and choir 65"
  • Height of barrel-vaulting in nave and choir 116"
  • Height of vaulting in high transepts 140"
  • Height of vaulting under towers 161"
  • Height of central towers 260"
  • Height of northern tower 200"
  • Superficial area 90,000 sq. ft.

Source

  • [2] The Book of Liverpool Cathedral, V. E. Cotton, Liverpool University Press, 1964.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Map of the cathedral at Grid Ref SJ 354 894 Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

List of Anglican Cathedrals in the United Kingdom and Ireland
Anglican Communion


Coordinates: 53.39746° N 2.97299° W Main article: Anglicanism The Anglican Communion is a world-wide affiliation of Anglican Churches. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Friends of the Cathedral - Liverpool Cathedral (409 words)
Its purpose was to make it possible for ordinary people to contribute to the building of Liverpool Cathedral, the first part of which had been consecrated in 1924.
The Friends are part of the Cathedral and work together to preserve it forever, contributing financially – and directly – to many individual and vital projects.
I bequest to the Charity known as “Friends of Liverpool Cathedral” a sum of £… (enter amount in numbers) … (enter amount in words) pounds (free of Inheritance Tax) and I declare that the receipt of the Secretary for the time being of the said Charity shall be good and sufficient discharge for the same.
Liverpool Cathedral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (918 words)
Liverpool Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral of Liverpool, England; it is built on St James Mount, in the centre of the city.
Liverpool Cathedral occupies a total area of 9,600 square metres and was built mainly of sandstone quarried from the Liverpool suburb of Woolton.
The cathedral's belltower is one of the tallest in the world (see List of tallest churches), rising to a height of 100 metres.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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