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Encyclopedia > Livejournal
LiveJournal
LiveJournal logo
URL http://www.livejournal.com/
Commercial? Yes
Type of site Blog Social Network
Owner Six Apart Ltd
Created by Brad Fitzpatrick

LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. LiveJournal is also the name of the open source[1] server software that was designed to run the LiveJournal virtual community. LiveJournal's differences from other blogging sites include its WELL-like features of a self-contained community and some social networking features similar to, but pre-dating, Friendster and MySpace. Danga Interactive, the company which provides the LiveJournal service, is based in San Francisco, California.[2] LiveJournal logo from http://www. ... // Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a technical, Web-related term used in two distinct meanings: In popular usage, it is a widespread synonym for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) — many popular and technical texts will use the term URL when referring to URI; Strictly, the idea of a uniform syntax for... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A social network is a social structure made of nodes (which are generally individuals or organizations) that are tied by one or more specific types of relations, such as values, visions, idea, financial exchange, friends, kinship, dislike, trade, web links, sexual relations, disease transmission (epidemiology), or airline routes. ... Six Apart Ltd. ... Brad Fitzpatrick. ... A virtual community or online community is a group of people that primarily interact via some form of mechanism such as letters, telephone, email or Usenet rather than face to face. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the journal as a written medium. ... == c programming[[a--203. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... Look up well in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A social network is a map of the relationships between individuals, indicating the ways in which they are connected through various social familiarities ranging from casual acquaintance to close familial bonds. ... Friendster is an Internet social network service. ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ... Danga Interactive is a software and Internet company most widely known for its LiveJournal service. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ...


LiveJournal was started in March 1999 by Brad Fitzpatrick as a way of keeping his high school friends updated on his activities.[2] In January 2005, blogging software company Six Apart purchased Danga Interactive, the company that operated LiveJournal, from Fitzpatrick. Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Brad Fitzpatrick. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in January • 29 Ephraim Kishon • 25 Philip Johnson • 23 Johnny Carson • 22 Parveen Babi • 20 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański • 17 Virginia Mayo • 17 Zhao Ziyang • 15... Six Apart Ltd. ... Danga Interactive is a software and Internet company most widely known for its LiveJournal service. ...

Contents

Features

The most distinguishing feature of LiveJournal is the "friends list", which gives the site a strong social aspect in addition to the blog services. The friends list provides various syndication and privacy services as described below. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A typical web feed logo Web syndication is a form of syndication in which a section of a website is made available for other sites to use. ...


LiveJournal allows users to customize their accounts in several ways. The S2 programming language allows journal templates to be modified by members. Users may upload graphical avatars, or "userpics", which appear next to the username in prominent areas as it would on an Internet forum. Paid account holders are given full access to S2 management and more userpics, as well as other features. S2 (Style System 2) is an object-oriented programming language developed in the late 1990s by Brad Fitzpatrick, Martin Atkins, and others for the picture-hosting website code FotoBilder as well as the online journalling service LiveJournal in order to allow users full control over the appearance of their pages. ... An avatar (abbreviations include AV, ava, avie, avy, avi, avvie, and avvy) is an Internet users representation of himself or herself, whether in the form of a three-dimensional model used in computer games,[1] a two-dimensional icon (picture) used on Internet forums and other communities,[2][3... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Each user also has a "User Info" page, which contains a variety of data including contact information, a biography, images (linked from off-site sources), and lists of friends, interests, communities, and even schools which the user has attended in the past or is currently attending.


LiveJournal also allows "voice posts" to their paid and sponsored users, where one can call into the system and record an entry.


Currently LiveJournal has five account levels: free (comprising approximately 95% of the network); sponsored with advertising; "early adopters" who were registered prior to 2000; paid; and permanent. Permanent accounts are normally not available to the "average user"; there have been occasional sale days or special offers, but such sales are not guaranteed in the future.


"Sponsored with Advertising" accounts, whose status may be turned on or off at any given time by the (free) user, do not cost anything extra (the costs being supplemented by allowing advertising) and allow for some of the features normally reserved for paid and permanent accounts. These include more user icons (up to fifteen, as opposed to six for free accounts) and space on LiveJournal's own image-hosting site (one free gigabyte per user). The official name of the status was originally "Sponsored+", but was changed to "Plus".


Social networking

The unit of social networking on LiveJournal is quaternary (with four possible states of connection between one user and another). Two users can have no relationship, they can list each other as friends mutually, or either can "friend" the other without reciprocation. On LiveJournal, "friend" is also used as a verb to describe listing someone as a friend. A social network is a map of the relationships between individuals, indicating the ways in which they are connected through various social familiarities ranging from casual acquaintance to close familial bonds. ... Quaternary is the base four numeral system. ...


The term "friend" on LiveJournal is mostly a technical term; however, because the term "friend" is emotionally loaded for many people, there have been discussions in such LiveJournal communities as lj_dev and lj_biz, as well as suggestions about whether the term should be used in this way; this conflict is discussed in greater detail below.


A user's list of friends (friends list, often shortened to flist) will often include several communities and RSS feeds in addition to individual users. Generally, "friending" allows the friends of a user to read protected entries and causes the friends' entries to appear on the user's "friends page". Friends can also be grouped together in "friends groups", allowing for more complex behavior in both of these features. For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ...


Privacy

LiveJournal provides an option intended to reduce the chances of search engines indexing a journal; however, the only way to make it completely impossible for such indexing to occur is setting the entry security to "friends only" or higher when first posting the entry. If an entry is first posted publicly, and then edited to reflect a higher security level, it may have already been indexed by a search engine in the time between the security edit. The popular "friends only" security option, which has since been adopted by Xanga and MySpace, hides a post from the general public so that only those on the user's friends list can read it. Some users keep all their posts friends-only. LiveJournal also allows users to create custom user groups within their group of friends to further restrict who can read any particular post, and to allow easy reading of subsets of a user's friends list. Xanga (IPA: [zæŋgə]) is a website that hosts weblogs, photoblogs, and social networking profiles. ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ...


LiveJournal additionally has a "private" security option which allows users to make a post that only the poster can read, thus making their LiveJournal a private diary rather than a blog. While anyone is able to see if and when entries have been made to the journal on the Calendar page, they will not be able to view these entries.


Users may restrict who can comment on their posts in addition to who has the ability to read their posts. Comments on a given entry may be allowed from anyone who can read the entry, or restricted. Commenting may be restricted by disabling commenting altogether or by screening comments. Screened comments are visible only to the original posters until the journal owner approves the comment. These restrictions can be applied to just anonymous users, users who aren't listed as a friend, or everyone. The IP address of commenters can be logged as well if the journal owner wishes to enable it.


An option allows users to hide their 'friend of' list from public view, but leaves the list visible to the user. In this case, only the friends list is shown. When 'friend of' is allowed, journal accounts who have friended the user and who are also friended are listed in neither 'friend of' nor 'friend', but rather a third category, 'mutual friends'. This was eventually made a separate option, like the 'friend of' list, and reworded so that the lists would have to be selected to include them in a profile, rather than to select an option to remove them.


LiveJournal lists that users can hide communities from their profile page by not friending them (friended communities are 'watched') and by either banning the community from posting in their journal (which has no effect since they can't anyway, but does remove them from the 'member of' list) or by removing the 'friend of' list, which removes the 'member of' list in addition to the 'friend of' list.


Community

User interaction

As with most weblogs, people can comment on each other's journal entries and create a message board-style thread of comments — each comment can be replied to individually, starting a new thread. All users, including non-paying users, can set various options for comments: they can instruct the software to only accept comments from those on their friends list or block anonymous comments (meaning only LiveJournal users can comment on their posts). They can also screen various types of comments before they are displayed, or disable commenting entirely. Users can also have replies sent directly to their registered e-mail address. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In addition, LiveJournal acts as host to group journals, dubbed "communities" (frequently abbreviated as comms). Anyone who joins a community can make posts to it as they would on a regular journal; communities also have "maintainers", ordinary users who run the community and oversee membership and moderation.


Some areas of LiveJournal rely heavily on user contributions and volunteer efforts.[3] In particular, the LiveJournal Support area is run almost entirely by unpaid volunteers. Similarly, the website is translated into other languages by volunteers, although this effort is running down due to a perceived lack of involvement from the LiveJournal administration.


The development of the LiveJournal software has seen extensive volunteer involvement in the past. In February and March 2003, there was even an effort, nicknamed the Bazaar, to boost volunteer performance by offering money in return for "wanted" enhancements or improvements.[4] The Bazaar was intended to follow a regular monthly pay-out scheme, but it ended up paying out only once, after which it was neglected without a word from the management until about one year later when it was shut down. 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for February, 2003. ... March 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → // Events March 1, 2003 Iraq disarmament crisis: The Turkish speaker of Parliament voids the vote accepting U.S. troops involved in the planned invasion of Iraq into Turkey on constitutional grounds. ...


Nowadays, voluntary contributions to the software are considered for inclusion less and less as the company has acquired more and more paid employees who focus on the organization's commercial interests. This has led to the formation of several forks, many of which introduce new features that users would like to see at LiveJournal, especially features that are brought up repeatedly in LiveJournal's own suggestions journal. In software, a project fork or branch happens when a developer (or a group of them) takes code from a project and starts to develop independently of the rest. ...


In some cases legal and administrative concerns have led LiveJournal to prohibit some people from volunteering.


Demographics

As of August 1, 2007, 13,484,917 accounts exist on LiveJournal, though LiveJournal considers only 1,734,877 of these to be actively used.[5] Of those users who provided their date of birth, the majority were in the 15-24 age group. Of those who specified a gender, two thirds were female. is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


LiveJournal is most popular in English-speaking countries (although there is a language selection feature), and the United States has by far the most LiveJournal users among users who choose to list a location. There is also a sizable Russian contingent. Live Journal is the largest online community on the Runet, with about 45% of all entries in the Russian blogosphere.[6] The following are rounded figures as of August 1, 2007 (based on the information listed by the users): The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Runet (short for Russian Internet) is a major Russian Internet service provider. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

  1. 3,401,504 — United States
  2. 491,920 — Russian Federation
  3. 289,618 — Canada
  4. 253,134 — United Kingdom
  5. 119,874 — Australia
  6. 59,296 — Ukraine
  7. 47,253 — Singapore
  8. 47,123 — Philippines
  9. 44,588 — Germany
  10. 35,674 — Finland

The following is a breakdown of United States users, by state, as of August 1, 2007: is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

  1. 559,898 — California
  2. 357,154 — Florida
  3. 337,365 — New York
  4. 279,253 — Michigan
  5. 252,329 — Texas

This is the gender breakdown as of August 1, 2007. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

  1. 1,829,886 (32.9%) - Male
  2. 3,736,997 (67.1%) - Female
  3. 2,144,835 - Unspecified

These figures only include accounts where the information is public.


Notable LiveJournals and users

For more details on this topic, see List of notable LiveJournal users.

Some users of LiveJournal, or the journals themselves have become famous throughout the years for their especially interesting content, including political commentary and anecdotal advice on subjects ranging from household care to aquariums, or because they belong to otherwise famous or accomplished people, including many well-known writers, graphic artists...

Frank the Goat

Frank the Goat

Frank the Goat is LiveJournal's mascot. Frank is treated like an actual living being by much of the LiveJournal userbase, and his brief "biography" as well as his "journal" reflect this. Image File history File links Summary Frank the goat, the mascot of LiveJournal. ... Image File history File links Summary Frank the goat, the mascot of LiveJournal. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ...


Sometimes, callers to LiveJournal's Voice Post service are informed "Frank the Goat appreciates your call." This occurs randomly.[7]


Recently, web cartoonist Ryan Estrada has made comics about Frank, updated every Thursday on the Frank: The Comic Strip community on LiveJournal. As of this date, the community has roughly 8,000 members, and is watched by more than 7,000 LiveJournal users.


Controversies and criticism

Invite system

From September 2, 2001, until December 12, 2003, the growth of LiveJournal was checked by an "invite code" system. This curbing of membership was necessitated by a rate of growth faster than the server architecture could handle. New users were required to either obtain an invite code from an existing user or buy a paid account (which reverts to a free account at the expiration of the period of time paid for). The invite code system serendipitously reduced abuse on the site by deterring people from creating multiple throw-away accounts. The invite code system was lifted after a number of major improvements to the overall site architecture. September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An invitation system (or invite system) is one method of website registration. ...


Elimination of the invite code system was met with mixed feelings and some opposition. LiveJournal's management pointed out that the invite code system was always intended to be temporary.[8]


The word "friend"

The dual usage of "friend" as those one reads and those one trusts doesn't necessarily match the definition of the word used in everyday speech. Even the individual users on a user's friends list may contain a mixture of people met through real world friendships, online friendships, general interest, and courtesy (a user friending back someone who friended them). Sometimes a friends list represents something entirely unrelated to social relationships, such as a reading list, a collection, a puzzle or even nothing.[9] Etiquette is the code that governs the expectations of social behavior, the conventional norm. ...


The fact that "friend" is used, without qualification, to describe vastly different things in the LiveJournal community is sometimes a source of conflict, hurt feelings, and other misunderstandings. This is intensified by the fact that friending and defriending (adding or removing another user from your Friends list) is as simple as clicking a button, while real-life friendships are formed and unmade over longer periods of time.[10] Since creating a friend relationship on LiveJournal does not require permission or action on the part of anyone but a single user, any user can friend any other user.


On April Fool's Day 2004, the LiveJournal staff pulled a prank on all users by changing the terms "friend" and "friend of" to "stalking" and "stalked by".[11] Though many users wanted to keep these terms, it caused controversy, particularly with those who had been victims of stalking. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In the Russian LiveJournal community, the word френд (friend, an English borrowing) is often used to describe this relationship instead of the native Russian word "друг" that translates to "friend."


Abuse team decisions

As LiveJournal has grown, it has had to deal with issues involving the content it hosts. Like most web logging hosts, it has adopted a basic Terms of Service.[12] The Terms of Service simultaneously expresses a desire for free speech by the users while outlining impermissible conduct such as spamming, copyright violation, harassment, etc. LiveJournal created an abuse team and processes to handle claims about violations of the Terms of Service, violations of copyright, violations of the law, and other issues. Terms of Service (often abbreviated as ToS) are rules by which one must agree to abide by in order to use a service. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ... A KMail folder full of spam emails collected over a few days. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... Harassment refers to a wide spectrum of offensive behavior. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ...


If the abuse team determines that a violation has occurred, the user will be either required to remove the infringing material (as in the case of copyright violations);[12] the journal will be suspended until such time as the material can be removed (e.g., posting of home addresses or other various contact information of another); or, in cases of severe or multiple violations, the journal will be suspended (e.g., account hijacking, multiple instances of copyright violation, child pornography).[12] The offending user is notified by email of any journal suspension or, if any offending material must be removed, the user is given a deadline for its removal. When a journal is suspended, it effectively removes from sight everything the user has written on LiveJournal, including comments in other people's journals; however, the user is able to download the material while suspended. Those suspended users who have paid for LiveJournal's service do not have payments refunded.


A small controversy arose in November 2004 when a policy document used by the abuse team was leaked to a group of its critics before it was due to be released. The policy document has since been officially released.[13] November 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: November 2004 in sports November 2004 in science Events Deaths in November • 30 Pierre Berton • 29 John Drew Barrymore • 26 Bill Alley • 24 Arthur Hailey • 23 Rafael Eitan • 18 Bobby Frank Cherry • 16 John...


A controversy arose when users complained after an unknown number of users were asked to remove default user pictures containing images of breast feeding that were considered inappropriate as they contained a view of nipples or areolae.[14] The incident attracted the attention of breast feeding advocacy groups such as Pro-Mom[15] who publicized the issue to gain larger media awareness. LiveJournal responded by changing the FAQ on appropriate content for default user pictures. The current FAQ 111 says that nudity is not appropriate: the original FAQ 111 said that graphic sexual content was not appropriate. Breastfeeding pictures were not restricted by the original FAQ, but are under the new FAQ.[16] It should be noted that breastfeeding pictures are still allowed as user pictures that may be manually chosen while posting but may not be the default.


LiveJournal and advertisements

In April of 2006, LiveJournal announced it was introducing a new user type that gave free users some of the features available to paid members in exchange for ad sponsorship. This user type was initially called Sponsored+, but was later renamed to Plus.


This announcement was met with a whirlwind of controversy. Between April 2004 and January 2005, one of LiveJournal's Social Contract promises stated the site would, "Stay advertisement free." The Social Contract went on to say, "It may be because it's one of our biggest pet peeves, or it may be because they don't garner a lot of money, but nonetheless, we promise to never offer advertising space in our service or on our pages."[17].


Another ad-related controversy occurred in June of 2006, when ads for Kpremium began installing malware and triggering pop-up ads on Australian and Western European users' computers,[18] against the LiveJournal ad guidelines.[19] LiveJournal responded by removing the advertisement from the website and issuing an apology to its users.[20] It has been suggested that Grayware be merged into this article or section. ... Dozens of pop-up ads cover a desktop. ...


Licensing in Russia

In October 2006 came news that LiveJournal had licensed its Russian community to the Russian publisher Sup-Fabrik,[21] a startup financed by Russian oligarch Alexandr Mamut. The move was poorly received by some Russian LJ members.[22] Oligarch may refer to one of the folowing. ...


Account suspension controversy

In May 2007, LiveJournal suspended approximately 500 accounts and communities, causing what news.com referred to as a "revolt" from "thousands of LiveJournal customers",[23] after a number of activist groups, including one named Warriors for Innocence, reported pedophilic material on its website. [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] CNET Networks Inc. ...


According to Six Apart chairman and chief executive Barak Berkowitz, "We did a review of our policies related to how we review those sites, those journals, and came up with the fact that we actually did have a number of journals up that we didn't think met our policies and didn't think they were appropriate to have up".[23] In a subsequent posting to the LiveJournal news community, he apologized, discussed some of the circumstances behind the suspensions, and indicated that the suspended journals would be reviewed and potentially brought back online. In particular, he noted that Livejournal's normal practice of reviewing suspensions and notifying suspended account holders had not been followed:

[T]hese journals were suspended for easily correctable problems [...] [T]his was not communicated to the journal or community owners at all. [T]hese journals were taken down before review could be completed to avoid mistakes. [1]

Most of the backlash was from fan fiction writers whose communities and personal journals were among those suspended, seemingly only because they list interests such as "incest" or "non-con" (short for non-consensual).[23] Although these communities may not encourage illegal behavior, it has been reported that there was no further investigation into the content of these journals.[28] Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Beyond merely fan communities, many were initially upset that communities entirely unrelated to anything but the discussion, sometimes therapeutic and other times literary, of rape or child molestation were among those suspended.[23]


On May 31, 2007, Berkowitz released a statement to the LiveJournal news community announcing that Six Apart was currently in the process of unsuspending about half of suspended journals. The journals being reinstated fell into fandom or fiction categories or were journals that were suspended for problems related only to the contents of their profiles. In an earlier interview with news.com,[23] he had stated that he would be "shocked" if "more than a dozen" journals would be reinstated. is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... CNET Networks Inc. ...


On July 19, 2007, Abe Hassan at LiveJournal released a statement clarifying LiveJournal's suspension policies. Suspensions began again at an unknown date after this statement, prompting another uproar in the comments of both Hassan's clarifications in lj_biz and in the most recent news post. On August 3, 2007, the_lj_herald reported that "Deleted/suspended usermames have been hidden from profile pages unless you're viewing your own profile or a full view of one's profile." The strikethrough effect, which had been the rallying cry of anti-suspension movements, was removed from suspended journal names, which are now bolded and linkless. is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Sale to Six Apart

LiveJournal's parent company, Danga Interactive, was initially formed and held entirely by Brad Fitzpatrick. However, as LiveJournal's popularity gained, Fitzpatrick was approached by multiple parties to sell the popular journaling service.[citation needed] He initially resisted many of these offers, not wanting his pet project (which he has characterized as his "baby") in the hands of those who did not understand the site's core principles — reliance on paid memberships to fund site operations, the absence of advertising, the volunteer support model, and LiveJournal's support of the free software movement. Nonetheless, as the administrative aspect of LiveJournal began to consume more of Fitzpatrick's time, which he would have rather spent working on the site's technical workings, he began to take the acquisition offers more seriously.[citation needed] Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project (the GNU head), the Linux kernel mascot Tux the Penguin, and the FreeBSD daemon Free software is a term coined by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation[1] to refer to software that can be used, studied, and modified without...


Finally, Fitzpatrick was approached by Ben and Mena Trott, co-founders of Six Apart, who gained his trust and seemed to understand LiveJournal's core principles.[citation needed] He felt that a sale to Six Apart would allow him to focus on technical aspects of the site, while Six Apart's usability and design expertise could improve LiveJournal. Six Apart was interested in buying Danga and LiveJournal to complement their other blogging products. Ben Trott and Mena G. Trott (born September 1977) are the married co-founders of Six Apart, creators of Movable Type and TypePad. ... Ben Trott and Mena G. Trott (born September 1977) are the married co-founders of Six Apart, creators of Movable Type and TypePad. ...


Community reaction

Rumors of Danga's impending sale to Six Apart were first reported by Business 2.0 journalist Om Malik in his blog, on January 4, 2005.[29] The rumor immediately spread, as users began to speculate (and some panic) about the prospect of the sale of LiveJournal's parent company.[30][31][32][33] By the next evening, speculation of major changes, including a rumor that LiveJournal would require non-paying users to purchase memberships, had caused enough users to backup their journals to impact the site's performance.[34] A few hours later, Fitzpatrick confirmed the sale, and insisted the site's core principles would not be discarded by the new ownership.[35] He also stressed that he and other Danga employees would still continue to manage LiveJournal and that he had determined that Six Apart was committed to the site's core principles before selling. cover Business 2. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Om Malik (born 1966 in New Delhi, India) is an Indian-American technology writer. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In information technology, backup refers to the copying of data so that these additional copies may be restored after a data loss event. ...


While the userbase was generally supportive of Fitzpatrick's decision, a few have questioned the deal, objecting to Six Apart's sale of proprietary software, or objecting to changes in LiveJournal's "Guiding Principles" document.[citation needed] In addition, some users had developed a trust of Fitzpatrick, but felt that the sale of Danga to an outside company meant that Fitzpatrick was not ultimately in control of the site.


Fitzpatrick's supporters offered rebuttals to many of these arguments.[36] They noted that the bulk of the code running LiveJournal at the time of the acquisition would continue to be open source, as it was licensed under the GPL. The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ...


Finally, Fitzpatrick himself noted he was growing tired of the administrative aspects of the site — to the point where he had contemplated shutting down the service — and "I knew I would've shut down the site on my own if I didn't get help."[37]


Fitzpatrick is, as of 2007, no longer involved in the development or operation of LiveJournal.[38] Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Other sites running the LiveJournal engine

The DeadJournal logo, introduced July 2, 2005.

The software running LiveJournal is open source and primarily written in Perl. Because of this, many other communities have been designed using the LiveJournal software. However, with the exception of DeadJournal, GreatestJournal and Blurty, these tend to be unstable and short-lived. An example of this is the August 2004 closing of uJournal, which temporarily left approximately 100,000 accounts without hosting before the content was moved to AboutMyLife. Another, slowly growing but not dying, journal is InsaneJournal, which has been around since 2001. A small service (though popular in fandom) is Journalfen, which is only for non-minor fans of movies, television, music and other forms of media entertainment. Image File history File links The DeadJournal logo as of July 2, 2005. ... Image File history File links The DeadJournal logo as of July 2, 2005. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... In law, a person who is not yet a legal adult is known as a minor (known in some places as an infant or juvenile). ... For more information on fans of football (soccer), see Football (soccer) culture. ...

The former DeadJournal logo, introduced after a contest. A new logo was introduced on July 2, 2005.
  • DeadJournal: On May 1, 2001, an IRC user with the screen name BleuLlama dared Frank Precissi (DeadJournal username scsi) to create a DeadJournal website, as a parody of the LiveJournal blogging service,[39] the server code of which had just been made open source.[40] Precissi accepted the dare and promptly set up the server code, which was running by the end of the month.[41] DeadJournal immediately adopted a completely contrasting attitude to that of LiveJournal, proclaiming itself as the darker, less friendly alternative, and catering specifically to angry and/or depressed individuals. After LiveJournal, DeadJournal was the second site to use the LiveJournal server code.[42] In its early years, the site often suffered technical errors due to hardware or software failures, resulting in downtime and even data loss.[43] Later, upgrades frequently placed DeadJournal on new equipment, such as larger and faster web slaves and load balancers. Today, DeadJournal is stable, experiencing unplanned downtime only very rarely. After experiencing rapid, uncontrolled growth in its first few months of operation, DeadJournal followed suit with LiveJournal, instituting an invite code system. Unlike LiveJournal, DeadJournal still maintains its invite code system. Though many users see this as an inconvenience, DeadJournal owner and administrator Frank Precissi, among other users, believes it helps maintain the integrity of the service.[44] As of January 28, 2007, DeadJournal had 492,388 users.
  • GreatestJournal: As of May 25, 2007, there were 1.8 million users and communities. It was founded on September 2, 2003 under the url unlimitedrpg.com, offering a journal site for role-playing. It later changed its name to greatestjournal.com and opened to anyone, as an alternative to LiveJournal, offering for free many of the features which LiveJournal offers only to paying users, such as extra icons, voice posts, and unlimited styles. GreatestJournal operates on LiveJournal's open source server software, but with add-ons such as phpBB forums, video hosting, and a photo gallery called GJPix. In February 2005 one of the biggest ISPs in the world, ThePlanet, started sponsoring the site's hosting. On June 20, 2005, the site surpassed 1,000,000 users. In August 2005 a new video section was launched. GreatestJournal.com allows the indexing of content it fully republishes from RSS feeds of other sites (e.g. boingboing.greatestjournal.com).
  • Blurty: As of May 1, 2007, Blurty had 958,891 members. Blurty also runs on the open-source LiveJournal code and was created in 2002. However, it differs from the other journal sites in its rule that users must be 18 or older to join.

Image File history File links DeadJournal. ... Image File history File links DeadJournal. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a form of real-time Internet chat or synchronous conferencing. ... For pseudonyms used for film appearances, see stage name For pseudonyms used for internet communications and BBSs, see screenname The Screen Name service (also ScreenName) is a common password system that is required to use any services or programs from AOL, AIM, Compuserve, or Netscape This is a disambiguation page... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Hardware (disambiguation). ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... Downtime refers to a period of time or a percentage of a timespan that a machine or system (usually a computer server) is offline or not functioning, usually as a result of either system failure (such as a crash) or routine maintenance. ... Master/slave is a model for a communication protocol where one device or process has unidirectional control over one or more other devices. ... In computer networking, load balancing is a technique (usually performed by load balancers) to spread work between many computers, processes, hard disks or other resources in order to get optimal resource utilization and decrease computing time. ... LiveJournal (often abbreviated LJ) is a virtual community where Internet users can keep a blog, journal, or diary. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... Hi all! Goog directory <a href=http://tajga. ... phpBB is a popular internet forum package written in the PHP programming language. ... A video hosting service allows individuals to upload images to an Internet website. ... a free Photo blogging site provided by GreatestJournal. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

References

  1. ^ LiveJournal Code
  2. ^ a b LiveJournal FAQ: How did LiveJournal get started? Who runs it now?
  3. ^ LiveJournal Contributors
  4. ^ Announcement of the Bazaar in LiveJournal Development
  5. ^ LiveJournal Statistics
  6. ^ (Russian) Yandex researched Russian-language blogosphereYandex company news, Sept. 26, 2006
  7. ^ Brad Fitzpatrick Comments on Voice Post Easter Egg
  8. ^ Post Announcing the End of Invite Codes
  9. ^ Fono, D. and K. Raynes-Goldie. "Hyperfriends and Beyond: Friendship and Social Norms on LiveJournal". Internet Research Annual Volume 4: Selected Papers from the Association of Internet Researchers Conference (2006).
  10. ^ boyd, danah. "Friends, friendsters, and top 8: Writing community into being on social network sites". First Monday, vol. 12, no. 2 (December 2006).
  11. ^ 2004 April Fools Post
  12. ^ a b c LiveJournal Terms of Service
  13. ^ LiveJournal Abuse Policies and Procedures
  14. ^ Response from Six Apart on Breastfeeding Userpic Controversy
  15. ^ Popular Blogging Site Restricts Use of Breastfeeding Photos
  16. ^ LiveJournal tells lactating mums to put 'em away
  17. ^ LiveJournal Social Contract (old page, archived by the Internet Archive)
  18. ^ Announcement of Problem with Kpremium Advertisements
  19. ^ What are LiveJournal's guidelines on acceptable ads?
  20. ^ Announcement of Problem with Kpremium Advertisements
  21. ^ LJ and SUP
  22. ^ Side-Line Blog: LJ license sold to Russian company
  23. ^ a b c d e f Mass deletion sparks LiveJournal revolt
  24. ^ Live Journal does a u-turn on online book burning
  25. ^ Six Apart Deletes 500 LiveJournals, Many Fannish
  26. ^ Child Sex Crackdown Causes Problems For LiveJournal
  27. ^ LiveJournal: The blogging platform that gay sex built
  28. ^ Apology for Mass Account Suspensions
  29. ^ GigaOM: Six Apart to buy Live Journal[sic]
  30. ^ Technical Ramblings: LiveJournal to be Bought out by Six Apart
  31. ^ Technical Ramblings: LiveJournal and Six Apart, Take 2
  32. ^ Slashdot: LiveJournal Buyout Rumor
  33. ^ Comments Discussing the Buyout Rumors on LiveJournal Maintenance
  34. ^ LiveJournal Maintenance: Archive Paranoia
  35. ^ Confirmation of Sale in LiveJournal News
  36. ^ Post Discussing Sale of LiveJournal
  37. ^ Brad Fitzpatrick Comments on Decision to Sell
  38. ^ lj drama
  39. ^ DeadJournal FAQ: How did this place get started?
  40. ^ LiveJournal Announces Open-Source Release
  41. ^ First Post on DeadJournal
  42. ^ Comment Thread Discussing DeadJournal's Status as First LJ Clone
  43. ^ Post About DeadJournal Crash and Data Loss
  44. ^ DeadJournal Support Discussion of Invite Codes

The Yandex logo. ...

See also

This is a timeline of events in the history of the virtual community LiveJournal. ... This is a list of notable social networking websites. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Livejournal - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (0 words)
Livejournal is an internationally lauded news service, with contributing writers that comprise a new force in the media, called "citizen journalists." They are widely regarded as some of the most talented, mature, and non-biased minds on the Internet, astounding readers with their unique mix of emotional detachment and integrity.
It is a reassuring fact that in a world of commas, colons and clauses, we will always have the Livejournal contributors, using their intricate combination of poor spelling, worse grammar, and occasionally 1337 to balance the world.
The Livejournal project, started in 1976 by Linus Torvalds (who was German until he moved) was originally started as a search engine service.
LiveJournal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4516 words)
LiveJournal was started in 1999 by Brad Fitzpatrick as a way of keeping his high school friends updated on his activities.
LiveJournal is most popular in English-speaking countries (although there is a language selection feature), and the United States has by far the most LiveJournal users among users who choose to list a location.
LiveJournal changes its long-standing policy on inappropriate default user pictures, but some users, feeling the policy is wrong, elect to allow their journals to be suspended or delete them themselves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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