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Encyclopedia > Live television

Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances on a delay of between zero and fifteen seconds, rather than from video recordings or film. Delay is: In sound effects, any of a class of effect that adds one or more delayed versions of the original signal, to create effects such as echo or flanger. ... A video tape recorder (VTR), is a tape recorder that can record video material. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ...


In general live television was more common for broadcasting content produced specifically for television in the early years of the medium, before technologies such as videotape recording appeared. As video recording became more prevalent, many entertainment programs were recorded and edited before broadcasting rather than being shown live. Entertainment events such as professional sports games and awards programs continue to be generally broadcast live. Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Contents

Uses of live television

Live television is most common in television news, where news programs are generally broadcast live, presenting recorded and edited news stories. Events that networks and stations decide most viewers will want to or should know about as soon as possible are broadcast live, often interrupting regularly scheduled programming, as news bulletins, and if they are quickly changing and developing, with coverage as they unfold as "breaking news" stories. Television news refers to the practice of disseminating current events via the media of television. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... A television station is a type of broadcast station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ...


Live television inherently has an extemporaneous, spontaneous, and urgent quality that often appears more suspenseful and exciting than recorded programming even if the content itself is not. It has this quality for many reasons: the fact that what is shown is happening in real-time, as it unfolds; the limited amount of control that is possible over live programming compared with recorded programming; and the resulting potential for mishap, that is, the idea that "anything can happen". Thus, it even extends itself to the live presentation of scripted material. Live television is therefore often used as a device, even when it is not necessary, in various types of programming to take advantage of these qualities, often to great success in terms of attracting viewers. The NBC live comedy/variety program Saturday Night Live, for example, has been on that network continuously since 1975. On September 25, 1997, NBC broadcast a special live episode of its hospital drama ER, which at the time ranked as the third most-watched episode of any drama program ever. Many television news programs, particularly local ones in North America, have also used live television as a device to gain viewers by making their programs appear more exciting. With technologies such as satellite uplinks, a reporter can report live "on location" from anywhere where a story is happening in the city. This technique has attracted criticism for its overuse and resulting tendency to make stories appear more urgent than they actually are. NBC (an abbreviation for National Broadcasting Company, its former corporate name) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances as they are happening, or on a delay of several seconds, rather than from video recordings or film. ... ER is a long-running American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The unedited nature of live television can pose problems for networks because of the potential for mishaps. To enforce broadcast standards and regulations, networks often broadcast live programs on a slight delay to give them the ability to censor words and images while keeping the broadcast as "live" as possible. Delay is: In sound effects, any of a class of effect that adds one or more delayed versions of the original signal, to create effects such as echo or flanger. ... Censorship is the removal of information from the public, or the prevention of circulation of information, where it is desired or felt best by some controlling group or body that others are not allowed to access the information which is being censored. ...


Famous incidents on live television

Many incidents have happened on live television broadcasts that are well-remembered, sometimes because they were part of a major news story already, and always because they happened unexpectedly and before audiences of thousands or millions of viewers.


Entertainment

November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Armchair Theatre was a British television drama anthology series, which ran on the ITV network from 1956 until 1968 in its original form, and was intermittently resurrected at various points during the 1970s. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... Gareth Jones (June 6, 1925 – November 28, 1958) was a British actor, chiefly remembered for his death. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Graham Cyril Kennedy AO (15 February 1934-25 May 2005) was an Australian radio, television and film performer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Graham Kennedy finally quit In Melbourne Tonight on December 23, 1969, exhausted, and rested for two years. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Douglas (Doug) McClelland (b. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Watershed is a term used in the United Kingdom (as well as Canada) to describe a time in television schedules beyond which it is permissible to show television programmes which have adult content. It is known in the US as Safe Harbor. Adult content can be generally defined as having... The Sex Pistols were an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... William Grundy (February 20, 1923 - February 9, 1993), commonly called Bill, was a British television presenter and was the host of Thames Televisions Today show in the 1970s. ... Anarchy in the U.K. (B-side I Wanna Be Me) was the first single by the punk band the Sex Pistols released on November 26, 1976, and is thus frequently considered to be the first punk single (although The Ramones released Blitzkrieg Bop a year earlier). ... A guitarist is a musician who plays the guitar. ... Steve Jones Steven Phillip Jones (born September 3, 1955) is a British rock and roll guitarist and singer, best known as a guitarist for the punk band Sex Pistols. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... Fridays was the name of ABCs weekly late-night live comedy show, which aired on Friday nights from 1980 to 1982. ... Andrew Geoffrey Kaufman (January 17, 1949 – May 16, 1984) was an American entertainer and performance artist. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1989 World Series was played between the Oakland Athletics and the San Francisco Giants, and is best remembered for the earthquake which caused a 10-day interruption in play. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3,4,11,24,27,30,36,42,44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885-1957) New York Gothams (1883-1885) Troy Union Cities / Trojans (1879-1882) Ballpark AT&T Park... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43 Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Ballpark McAfee Coliseum (1968–present) a. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on Tuesday October 17, 1989, in the greater San Francisco Bay Area in California at 5:04 p. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981) is a two-time Grammy Award-winning American pop/R&B singer, and actor. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is a Grammy award-winning, Golden Globe, and Academy Award-nominated American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actress. ... Date February 1, 2004 Stadium Reliant Stadium City Houston, Texas MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback Favorite Patriots by 7 National anthem Beyoncé Coin toss Earl Campbell, Ollie Matson, Don Maynard, Y.A. Tittle, Mike Singletary, Gene Upshaw Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Janet Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Outkast, P. Diddy, Kid Rock... Wardrobe malfunction is a euphemism used to describe the accidental exposure of an intimate part or parts of the body due to a defect in an article or articles of clothing. ... The FCCs official seal. ... A dictionary definition of Indecent not conforming with accepted standards of behaviour or morality. ... The wardrobe malfunction. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The UEFA Champions League (which used to be named and is often called the European Cup) is an annual club football competition organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) for the most successful football clubs in Europe. ... ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... Ronald Frederick Big Ron Atkinson (born 18 March 1939 in Liverpool, England) is a British former football player and manager. ... Marcel Desailly (born September 7, 1968 in Accra, Ghana as Odenke Abbey) is a former French football player and a former star for its national team, with whom he won the 1998 FIFA World Cup and Euro 2000. ...

News

  • November 24, 1963 - Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, was shot and killed in Dallas by nightclub owner Jack Ruby while being transferred to a county jail.
  • November 13, 1965 - Critic and author Kenneth Tynan, commenting on censorship during a live TV debate on the BBC, became the first person to say the word the f word on British television. This leads to a national outcry, Tynan was sacked and the incident helped to establish Mary Whitehouse as self-appointed guardian of television morality in the United Kingdom.
  • July 15, 1974 - Christine Chubbuck, a television news reporter for station WXLT-TV in Sarasota, Florida, committed suicide on live television by firing a gunshot into her head.
  • January 28, 1986 - The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded in flight seconds into its launch, killing all seven astronauts on board.
  • January 22, 1987 - Pennsylvania State Treasurer R. Budd Dwyer called a live press conference after being convicted on corruption charges where he read a 20-page speech, handed manila envelopes to three of his aides, said "This will hurt someone", placed the barrel of a Magnum .357 revolver into his mouth and pulled the trigger, committing suicide on live television.
  • September 11, 2001 - At 9:03 AM EDT, United Airlines Flight 175 crashed into the south tower of the World Trade Center, in front of millions of viewers who were already watching live coverage of the unfolding terrorist attacks of that day. Major networks had broken into regular programming just minutes earlier with live shots of the twin towers after American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the north tower at 8:46 EDT. Billions of viewers around the world watching live coverage of the attacks saw both buildings collapse.
  • September 21, 2005 - JetBlue Airways Flight 292 made an emergency landing in Los Angeles. The passengers were able to watch the incident unfold on live television.

November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Lee Harvey Oswald diary Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was, according to four United States government investigations, responsible for the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy. ... For other persons named John Kennedy, see John Kennedy (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Big D Location in the state of Texas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Incorporated 2 February 1856  - Mayor Laura Miller Area    - City  385. ... For the song Jack Ruby by Camper Van Beethoven, see Key Lime Pie. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Kenneth Peacock Tynan (April 2, 1927 - July 26, 1980), was an influential (and occasionally controversial) British theatre critic and author. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Christine Chubbuck [1] (August 24, 1944 – July 15, 1974) was an American television news reporter who committed suicide during a live television broadcast on July 15, 1974. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASAs second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, after Columbia. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... R. Budd Dwyer (November 21, 1939–January 22, 1987) was a Republican American politician born in St. ... rEVOLVEr (2004) is the fourth studio album release by Swedish thrash metal band The Haunted. ... This article is about the date September 11 in general. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A portion of the fuselage from United Airlines Flight 175 on the roof of 5 WTC. United Airlines Flight 175 was a morning flight that regularly flew from Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in Los Angeles, California (Boston–Los Angeles route). ... WTC redirects here. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Flight 11 redirects here. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... JetBlue Airways Flight 292 was a scheduled flight from Bob Hope Airport (BUR) in Burbank, California, to John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), in New York City. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...

Television programs with live episodes

Although all programs were once live, the use of videotape means that very few television programs in the modern era have ever attempted such a feat. The most recent scripted series to do so on a regular basis was the Charles S. Dutton series Roc in the 1992-93 season. Charles Dutton (born January 30, 1951 in Baltimore, Maryland) is an American actor/director. ... Roc was a Fox network sitcom which ran from 1991 to 1994. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


However, on occasion, scripted series will do an episode live to attract ratings. Notable examples of shows that have had a live episode include:

Note: Both the ER and West Wing live episodes were performed twice in order to ensure most American time zones saw a live performance. Opening titles from 1983. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roc was a Fox network sitcom which ran from 1991 to 1994. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ER is a long-running American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coronation Street is Britains longest-running television soap opera, and its consistently highest-rating programme, first broadcast on Friday December 9, 1960, in the Granada region of ITV. It was created by Tony Warren and is produced by Granada Television (now branded ITV Productions), holder of the ITV franchise... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Drew Carey Show was a popular American sitcom starring Drew Carey, set in Cleveland, Ohio. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bill is a long-running British television police procedural shown on ITV1, at 8pm, usually on Wednesdays and Thursdays. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Daily Show (currently The Daily Show with Jon Stewart) is a Peabody and Emmy-winning half-hour American satirical news television program produced by and run on the Comedy Central cable television network. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Blue Heelers (1994 - 2006) was a long-running Australian police drama series set in a Victoria Police station in the fictional small town of Mt. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Will & Grace is an American television situation comedy focusing on Will Truman, a gay attorney and his best friend Grace Adler, a straight Jewish woman who runs her own interior design firm. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The West Wing is a popular and widely acclaimed American television serial drama created by Aaron Sorkin and produced and co-written by John Wells. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arnold Vinick was a fictional character on the television series The West Wing played by Alan Alda. ... Alan Alda (born Alfonso Joseph DAbruzzo on January 28, 1936) is an Oscar-nominated and Emmy Award-winning American actor, writer, director and sometime political activist. ... Matthew Vicente Santos is a fictional Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Houston, Texas, played by Jimmy Smits. ... Jimmy Smits as President Matt Santos on The West Wing. ...


Sources

Neville, Ken (1997). Minor Wounds, Killer Ratings for Live "ER". Retrieved Mar. 19, 2004 from http://www.eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,1833,00.html.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Live television Summary (2188 words)
Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances as they are happening, or on a delay of several seconds, rather than from video recordings or film.
In general live television was more common for broadcasting content produced specifically for television in the early years of the medium, before technologies such as videotape recording appeared.
Live television is therefore often used as a device, even when it is not necessary, in various types of programming to take advantage of these qualities, often to great success in terms of attracting viewers.
Live television - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1281 words)
Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances as they are happening, or on a delay of several seconds, rather than from video recordings or film.
In general live television was more common for broadcasting content produced specifically for television in the early years of the medium, before technologies such as videotape recording appeared.
Live television is therefore often used as a device, even when it is not necessary, in various types of programming to take advantage of these qualities, often to great success in terms of attracting viewers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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