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Encyclopedia > Live oak
Southern live oaks on Skidaway Island, near Savannah, Georgia

Live oak is a general term for a number of unrelated oaks in several different sections of the genus Quercus that happen to share the character of evergreen foliage. Image File history File links Live oaks on Skidaway Island in Savannah,Georgia. ... Image File history File links Live oaks on Skidaway Island in Savannah,Georgia. ... Binomial name Quercus virginiana Mill. ... Nickname: The Coastal Empire or The Hostess City Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: Savannah, Georgia Location Government County Chatham Mayor Otis S. Johnson Geographical characteristics Area 202. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Lithocarpus. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ...


The name live oak comes from the fact that evergreen oaks are still green and "live" in winter, when other oaks are dormant, leafless and "dead"-looking. The name is used mainly in North America, where evergreen oaks are widespread in warmer areas, along the Atlantic coast from Maryland to Florida, west along the Gulf Coast to Texas and across the southwest to California and southwest Oregon. In many parts of the world, winter is associated with snow. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Official languages None Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich (R) Senators Paul Sarbanes (D) Barbara Mikulski (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 42nd 32,160 km² 21 Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 19th 5,296,486 165/km² (5th) Admission into... State nickname: Sunshine State Official languages English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Senators Bill Nelson (D) Mel Martinez (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 22nd 170,451 km² 17. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... ... State nickname: The Golden State Official languages English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 4. ... State nickname: Beaver State Official languages None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski (D) Senators Ron Wyden (D) Gordon Smith (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 9th 255,026 km² 2. ...


Evergreen oak species are also common in the warmer parts of Europe and Asia, and are included in this list for the sake of completeness. These species, although not having "live" in their common names in their countries of origin, are colloquially called live oaks when cultivated in North America. A satellite composite image of Europe // Etymology Picture of Europa, carried away by bull-shaped Zeus. ... World map showing Asia. ...


When the term live oak is used in a specific rather than general sense, it most commonly refers to the Southern live oak (the first species so named), but can often refer to other species regionally.


In Texas, a small grove of live oaks (Texas live oak or Southern live oak) is known as a mott. ... See Grove for other meanings (disambiguation) of the word grove. A grove is a small group of trees such as a sequoia grove. ... Mott or motte is a term used in Texas for a copse or small grove of trees, particularly of live oaks where a tight group shares a root system. ...


Evergreen species in genus Quercus

  • Section Quercus. The white oaks. Europe, Asia, north Africa, North America. Styles short; acorns mature in 6 months, sweet or slightly bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless.
    • Quercus arizonica - Arizona white oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus emoryi - Emory oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus fusiformis - Texas live oak - south central North America
    • Quercus geminata - Sand live oak - southeastern North America
    • Quercus ilex - Holm oak - southern Europe
    • Quercus oblongifolia - Mexican blue oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus pungens - Sandpaper oak - south central North America
    • Quercus turbinella - Shrub live oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus virginiana - Southern live oak - southeastern North America
  • Section Cerris. Europe, Asia, north Africa. Styles long; acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless or slightly hairy.
    • Quercus calliprinos - Palestine oak - western Asia
    • Quercus coccifera - Kermes oak - southern Europe
    • Quercus semecarpifolia - Himalayan oak - eastern Asia
    • Quercus suber - Cork oak - southwestern Europe
  • Section Protobalanus. Southwest USA & northwest Mexico. Styles short, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.
    • Quercus chrysolepis - Canyon live oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus palmeri - Palmer oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus tomentella - Channel island oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus vacciniifolia - Huckleberry oak - southwestern North America
  • Section Lobatae. The red oaks. North, Central & South America. Styles long, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.
    • Quercus agrifolia - Coast live oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus canbyi - Canby oak - Mexico
    • Quercus humboldtii - South American Oak - northern South America
    • Quercus hypoleucoides - Silverleaf oak - southwestern North America
    • Quercus polymorpha - Coahuila oak - Mexico
    • Quercus rhysophylla - Loquat-leaf oak - Mexico
    • Quercus wislizenii - Interior live oak - southwestern North America

See the list of Quercus species for a fuller listing of oaks including deciduous species. // Genus Quercus Subgenus Quercus Typical oaks. ... Binomial name Quercus emoryi Torr. ... Binomial name Quercus fusiformis Texas live oak is an evergreen or nearly evergreen oak tree, Quercus fusiformis, native to the southern United States, in Texas from about Corpus Christi west to the Pecos River and north to southern Oklahoma, and also in adjacent northeastern Mexico in Coahuila and Nuevo Le... Binomial name Quercus ilex L. The Holm Oak Quercus ilex L., also called Holly oak or Evergreen Oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. ... Binomial name Quercus virginiana Mill. ... Binomial name Quercus calliprinos Webb The Palestine Oak (Quercus calliprinos) is an oak in the turkey oak section Quercus sect. ... Binomial name Quercus coccifera L. The Kermes Oak (Quercus coccifera) is an oak in the turkey oak section Quercus sect. ... Binomial name Quercus suber L. The Cork Oak (Quercus suber) is a medium sized, evergreen oak tree in the section Quercus sect. ... // Genus Quercus Subgenus Quercus Typical oaks. ... Binomial name Quercus agrifolia The Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, also called the California live oak, is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the coastal regions of southwestern North America from Mendocino County, California south to northern Baja California in Mexico. ... Binomial name Quercus wislizenii The Interior live oak, Quercus wislizenii is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the large areas of California in the United States. ... // Genus Quercus Subgenus Quercus Typical oaks. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ...


External links

  • live oak trees
  • Bartram on the Live Oak and Florida Forest. William Bartram explores the St. John's River, just south of St. Augustine, Florida, in April of 1774. Here he gives us a description...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Live oak (532 words)
Live oak is the southern symbol of strength.
Live oak is a large spreading tree of the lower Coastal Plain from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida and to southern Texas.
Live oak is a large tree that reaches heights of 65' to 85'.
City of Live Oak, Texas (303 words)
Incorporated in 1960 with a current population of approximately 11,000, we are nestled amid the gently-rolling hills at the IH-35 and Loop 1604 interchange.
Live Oak's past is steeped in a rich farming and ranching tradition which today has yielded to peaceful suburban home developments set in the natural beauty of the region, making it one of the prime neighborhoods located just northeast of San Antonio.
Whether you are just passing through or planning to stay, you will find Live Oak to be the ideal place to relax and enjoy your visit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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