FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Little Egypt (region)
The Little Egypt region of Illinois
The Little Egypt region of Illinois

Little Egypt is the southern area of the state of Illinois in the United States of America. The region is sometimes called simply "Egypt," although the shortened form is not used as much as it once was. The southernmost part of Little Egypt is Cairo. The southern part of Illinois is geographically, culturally, and economically different from the rest of the state. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ...

Contents

Location

The northern boundary of the Little Egypt region has never been precisely defined, and hence different references will give varying descriptions of what is included in the region.


One potentially defining aspect is geography: Southern Illinois becomes generally flatter as one goes north. Little Egypt has hills. But, where the hills end is not all that clear. Some say that Interstate 70 from St. Louis, Missouri, through Effingham is the great dividing line of Illinois, and that the Little Egypt region begins south of Interstate 70; obviously this definition is somewhat arbitrary and postdates the original designation of the area by over a century. Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Built in 1871, the Effingham County Courthouse is still in use. ...


Another popular boundary for Southern Illinois is U.S. Highway 50. It runs nearly straight east-west.


Another aspect is forestation: Trees become fewer and farther between as one travels north in Southern Illinois. Before settlement, the far south was completely forested. Toward the north "prairies", large, open grasslands, appeared within the forest. Traveling north, the prairies became larger. Somewhere around Centralia, the area of prairie became greater than the area of forest. But, even there, if you were in a prairie, there was always a wall of trees on the horizon. Somewhere close to Effingham, the smaller prairies merged into the great prairie. There was no longer a wall of trees on the horizon, but rather groves and isolated trees. A prairie is an area of land of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Temperate rainforest on Northern Slopes of the Alborz mountain ranges, Iran A dense growth of softwoods (a conifer forest) in the Sierra Nevada Range of Northern California A decidous broadleaf (Beech) forest in Slovenia. ... Centralia is a city located in Marion and Clinton Counties in Illinois. ... Built in 1871, the Effingham County Courthouse is still in use. ...


A third involves culture. Little Egypt, and most of the rest of Illinois, was originally settled by Southerners. By the 1840s, canals and railroads allowed northern settlers to move directly west to northern Illinois, without coming down the Ohio River and up the State. Little Egypt saw less of this migration, since its riverine walls were for many decades a barrier to east/west rails. Salem, Illinois, had the main east/west rail line from Baltimore, Maryland, to St. Louis. Categories: Water-transport stubs | Canals | Water transport ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... Salem is a city located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2], B-more Motto: The Greatest City in America,[3] Get in on it. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Origin of name

The exact origin of these nicknames for this region is not entirely clear, but there appear to be a number of factors that have contributed to their development and popularization over time. One reason that the area became popularly known as Egypt centers on Southern Illinois’ role in supplying grain to northern and central Illinois following the "Winter of the Deep Snow" in 183031. Upper Illinois suffered from a long winter and late spring, so crops were not planted until June, and much of that harvest was killed by an early September frost. Southern Illinois had milder weather, however, and produced grain, much of which was shipped north. Wagon trains came south and returned home with corn. Many people believe the similarities with the Bible story of Jacob’s sons going to Egypt to buy grain and survive a famine may have resulted in the nickname. One pioneer, Daniel Brush, founder of Carbondale, recalled in his memoirs how grain was shipped from points on the Big Muddy River and Mississippi River to central and northern Illinois that year. He, too, supports the notion that the role southern Illinois played in feeding those areas led to the rise of the "Egypt" moniker. This article is about cereals in general. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... “Corn” redirects here. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ... Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855 Jacob or Yaakov, (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: يعقوب, ; holds the heel), also known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: اسرائيل, ; Struggled with God), is the third Biblical patriarch. ... Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... The Big Muddy River is located in Illinois. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to the Gulf of Mexico. ...


Another theory is related to a comparison of the land mass surrounded by the great Mississippi and Ohio Rivers with that of Egypt’s Nile delta region. According to Hubbs, the nickname may date back to 1818, when a large tract of land was purchased at the confluence of the rivers and its developers named it Cairo. Today, the town of Cairo still lies on a peninsula where the Ohio River joins the Mississippi. Other settlements in that portion of the state have names with Egyptian or Middle Eastern origins: Thebes, Dongola, Palestine, Lebanon, and Karnak. Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... There is also Nile, a death metal band from South Carolina, USA. The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula (from the latin words paene insula, almost island) is a geographical landform consisting of an extension of a body of land from a larger body of land, surrounded by water on three sides. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Thebes is a village located in Alexander County, Illinois. ... Dongola is a village located in Union County, Illinois. ... Palestine is a village located in Crawford County, Illinois. ... Karnak is a village located in Pulaski County, Illinois. ...


During the American Civil War, anti-slavery citizens of northern Illinois would draw less than flattering parallels between the pro-slavery Confederate sympathizers in southern Illinois and the bondage and injustice inflicted on the Hebrews during their "Egyptian bondage"[1]. This article is becoming very long. ... Slave redirects here. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (traditional) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Government Republic President... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


These Egyptian influences are concentrated in Little Egypt, but also extend farther south. About one hundred miles south of Cairo, along the Mississippi, lies Memphis, Tennessee, which also was named after an Egyptian city on the Nile with the same name. Memphis also has a giant pyramid for a sporting venue. For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Memphis, coordiates , , was the ancient capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt, and of the Old Kingdom of Egypt from its foundation until around 1300 BC. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Ineb Hedj (The White Walls). The name Memphis is the Greek deformation of the Egyptian name of Pepi... The Pyramid Arena is a 21,000 seat arena located in downtown Memphis at the banks of the Mississippi River. ...


(Belly dancer) Farida Mazar Spyropoulos' appearance at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago under the stage name "Little Egypt" brought fame to the name but she had no connection to the region other than commonality of name. The name of the region appears to have been begun changing after this time; before then "Egypt" was used but not "Little Egypt". Raqs Sharqi dancer Chryssanthi Sahar Scharf, Heidelberg. ... Alternate meaning: an area in southern Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


Other derivatives and similarities of the Egyptian theme for the region:

  • Mounds similar to the pyramids located in Cahokia
  • Egyptian High School, located in the extreme southern portion of the state, whose athletic teams are nicknamed the "Pharaohs"
  • The man-made Lake of Egypt
  • A public health agency serving southeastern Illinois, Egyptian Health Department: http://www.egyptian.org/
  • The nickname of the athletic team members at the region's main university, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, and the school mascot, Saluki, is the name of a dog breed that originated in the Middle East.
  • The name of SIU Carbondale's student newspaper is the Daily Egyptian: http://www.dailyegyptian.com
  • The short line railroad serving the area, the Crab Orchard & Egyptian.

A pyramid is any three-dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. ... Cahokia is the site of an ancient Native American city near Collinsville, Illinois, across the Mississippi River from St. ... Lake of Egypt is a man-made lake in the Little Egypt region of the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Southern Illinois University is located in Carbondale in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... The Saluki is a breed of dog that is a member of the sighthound family, that is, hounds that hunt by sight rather than scent. ... This Chihuahua mix and Great Dane show the wide range of dog breed sizes. ... A short line is an independent railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...

Geography

Illinois has been partially covered at times by glaciers. However, southern Illinois was covered only partially by the Illinois Glacier and not at all by the Wisconsin Glacier. Thus, the geography of southern Illinois is considerably more hilly and rocky than central or northern Illinois. Areas of southern Illinois are much more similar to the Ozarks than to central or northern Illinois. A glacier is a large, persistent body of ice, formed largely of compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity. ... The Wolstonian glaciation is a name for an ice age period which occurred between 200,000 and 125,000 years ago. ... The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... Ozark redirects here. ...


Additionally, the rich farm land of northern and central Illinois is not found in southern Illinois. One exception is the alluvial soils of the Gulf Coastal Plain, a large region which has its northernmost extent in the two river valleys of far southern Illnois. The Mississippi Delta reaches north from the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and ends near Thebes in Alexander County. The Gulf Coastal Plain extends from the Florida Parishes of Louisiana over most of Mississippi, some of western Tennessee and Kentucky, the southwestern 2/3 of Alabama, and the western panhandle of Florida. ... The shared flood plain of the Yazoo and Mississippi Rivers The Mississippi Delta is the distinct northwest section of the state of Mississippi that lies between the Mississippi and Yazoo Rivers. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city Baton Rouge [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Alexander County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...


The region's other major river, the Ohio River, winds generally southwest, past Shawneetown (home to the state's first bank), Cave-in-Rock, Elizabethtown, and Golconda. Its waters join the Mississippi at Cairo. In ancient times, the Ohio is thought to have flowed a more northerly course through Pope and Pulaski counties. It carved a broad valley there, fit for a major river. But today the underfit Bay Creek and Cache River occupy those valleys. Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... Shawneetown is a city located in Gallatin County, Illinois. ... Cave-In-Rock is a village in Hardin County, Illinois, United States. ... Elizabethtown is a village located in Hardin County, Illinois. ... Golconda is a city located in Pope County, Illinois. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ... The Cache River is a 213 mile long river in Missouri and Arkansas. ...


The hills of Little Egypt can be divided into two areas. The western area, more closely related to the Ozarks of Missouri and Arkansas, is mostly in southern Jackson, Union, northern Alexander and Johnson counties. The eastern area, more closely related to the Wabash Valley Fault System, is mostly in northern Pope, southern Saline, Gallatin, eastern Johnson and southern Williamson counties. Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ...


Much of these hills are covered by the Shawnee National Forest, which includes seven wilderness areas: Garden of the Gods, Bay Creek, Clear Springs, Bald Knob, Burden Falls, Lusk Creek, and Panthers Den.[2] The Shawnee National Forest, located in the Ozark and Shawnee hills of Southern Illinois, consists of approximately 270,000 acres of federally managed lands. ... Lusk Creek is a creek located in southeastern Illinois. ...


Of southern Illinois' rivers, only the Mississippi and the Ohio are navigable for modern commerce. The Big Muddy River, Marys River, Saline River and Cache River run their courses in deep southern Illinois. The Kaskaskia River and Wabash River are nearby. The Big Muddy River is located in Illinois. ... Marys River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in Illinois. ... The Saline River is a small river located in southeastern Illinois. ... The Cache River is a 213 mile long river in Missouri and Arkansas. ... The Kaskaskia River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 320 mi (515 km) long, in central and southern Illinois in the United States. ... The Wabash River at Lafayette, Indiana, showing the Main Street bridge, and the Amtrak station. ...


Depending on your definition of Little Egypt's boundaries, there are three interstates in the region. Interstate 57 is the main north-south highway through southern Illinois. It runs through the center of the area. South of Marion is the western terminus of Interstate 24. It runs southeast, crossing into Paducah, Kentucky near Metropolis. Interstate 57 (abbreviated I-57) is an interstate highway in the midwestern United States. ... Interstate 24 (abbreviated I-24) is an interstate highway in the eastern United States. ... Paducah is a city in McCracken County, Kentucky at the confluence of the Tennessee River and the Ohio River. ... Statue of Superman in the town square The sign outside the Superman Museum Metropolis is a city located in Massac County, Illinois, along the Ohio River. ...


South of its junction with Interstate 24, Interstate 57 bends to the southwest and crosses into Missouri near Illinois' southernmost point by Cairo.


Interstate 64 runs east-west from St. Louis to southern Indiana. It is coextensive with Interstate 57 for a short stretch at Mt. Vernon. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 64 Interstate 64 (abbreviated I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Mount Vernon is a town located near the center of Jefferson County, Illinois, in the United States. ...


Illinois Route 13 is a four-lane divided highway through the most populated part of the region outside of the St. Louis area from Murphysboro to Harrisburg. U.S. Highway 51 roughly follows the Illinois Central Railroad line north-south through the middle of the entire state. Illinois Route 1 runs north-south along the eastern edge of Little Egypt; Illinois Route 3 parallels the Mississippi River along the western edge of the area. Murphysboro is a city in Jackson County, Illinois, United States. ... Harrisburg is the name of many places in the United States of America: Harrisburg, Arkansas Harrisburg, Illinois Harrisburg, Missouri Harrisburg, Nebraska Harrisburg, New York Town in Lewis County Hamlet in Cattaraugus County Hamlet in Warren County Harrisburg, North Carolina Harrisburg, Ohio Harrisburg, Oregon Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania state capital and near... The Illinois Central (AAR reporting mark IC), sometimes called the Main Line of Mid-America, was a railroad carrier in the central United States, with its primary routes connecting Chicago, Illinois with New Orleans, Louisiana and Birmingham, Alabama. ...


The Metro-East area near St. Louis has these additional highways: Metro-East is a region in Illinois that comprises the eastern suburbs St. ...

These are the bridges for automobiles across the Ohio River into Kentucky: Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Interstate 255 (abbreviated I-255) is a bypass route of Interstate 55 near St. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... This page is about the St. ...

  • Illinois Route 13 at Old Shawneetown
  • U.S. Highway 45 at Brookport
  • Interstate 24 near Brookport/Metropolis
  • U.S. Highway 51/60 near Cairo

These are the bridges for automobiles across the Mississippi River into Missouri: Old Shawneetown is a village located in Gallatin County, Illinois. ... Brookport is a city located in Massac County, Illinois. ...

These are the bridges for automobiles across the Mississippi River in the St. Louis area: Interstate 57 (abbreviated I-57) is an interstate highway in the midwestern United States. ... East Cape Girardeau is a village located in Alexander County, Illinois. ... Chester is a town located on the bluffs of the Mississippi River Valley in Randolph County, Illinois. ...

A free ferry crosses the Ohio River at Cave-in-Rock. A toll ferry crosses the Mississippi at Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, near Chester. Four other ferries operate in Calhoun County, which is rarely considered part of Little Egypt. The Jefferson Barracks Bridge, often called the J.B. Bridge, is a pair of bridges that span the Mississippi River on the south side of St. ... East St. ... The Poplar Street Bridge, offically the Bernard F. Dickman Bridge, is a 647 foot (197m) long deck girder bridge across the Mississippi River between St. ... The Eads Bridge under construction Eads Bridge is a combined road and railway bridge over the Mississippi River at St. ... Granite City is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. ... The New Chain of Rocks Bridge is a pair of bridges across the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... Historic Alton Home Alton is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. ... The Clark Bridge (sometimes referred to as the Super Bridge as the result of an appearance on Nova) is a cable-stayed bridge across the Mississippi River between Alton, Illinois and Black Jack, Missouri. ... Ste. ...


Amtrak passenger rail's City of New Orleans provides service to Effingham, Centralia, and Carbondale. Amtrak's Illini Service, comprising the morning Saluki and afternoon Illini, also serve DuQuoin as well as the above three stops. Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Amtraks City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005. ... Built in 1871, the Effingham County Courthouse is still in use. ... Centralia is a city located in Marion and Clinton Counties in Illinois. ... Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... The Saluki is a 310-mile (499 km) passenger train operated by Amtrak that will run between Chicago and Carbondale, Illinois, starting October 30, 2006. ... The Illini is a 310-mile (499 km) passenger train operated by Amtrak that runs between Chicago and Carbondale, Illinois. ... Du Quoin is a city located in Perry County, Illinois. ...


Politics

Southern Illinois as a political entity has historically been a conservative Democratic region ,although the more agriculture oriented areas have voted consistently Republican since the election of 1920 where most of southern Illinois farmers favored Warren G. Harding. Even as the political parties have changed, Southern Illinois has consistently voted for Democratic candidates more times than not since 1818. For example, in the Election of 1860, Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln did not win a single county located in Southern Illinos. An important break from that common Democratic support came in 1960 when all of southern Illinois voted for Richard Nixon, Nixon won all of southern Illinois again in 1968, and 1972. Another break with the democratic party occured in 1980 when Ronald Reagan won all but two Southern Illinois counties (Saline and Alexander). Again in 1984 Reagan won all but 4 counties in Southern Illinois (St. Clair, Franklin, Gallatin and Alexander). More recently Bill Clinton easily won the Southern Illinois region in both 1992 and 1996. Proof of its conservative heritage can be seen in the last two presidential elections. In the Election of 2000, a definite shift again appears with Democrat Al Gore only winning 4 counties. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush carried all but 2 counties in Southern Illinois. Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 - August 2, 1923) was an American politician and the 29th President of the United States, from 1921 to 1923, when he became the sixth president to die in office. ... Summary The election of 1860 is widely considered to be a realigning election. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Throughout the mining regions of Southern Illinois, such as Franklin, Saline, Gallatin and Williamson Counties, Democrats generally hold most local elected positions. Jackson County and Carbondale, the home of Southern Illinois University, are other Democratic strongholds. For example, Jackson county was one of fifteen counties in Illinois to support John Kerry in the 2004 Presidential Election. The Metro-east area of Illinois, adjacent to St. Louis and commonly included in the "downstate" or Southern Illinois region also votes consistently for Democrats. Republican strongholds in southern Illinois since 1920 have been Washigton, Perry, Randolf, Pulaski, Clinton, and Jefferson counties. Southern Illinois University is a university in southern Illinois with two institutions and multiple campuses. ... Al Gore (born December 11, 1943) is a Vietnam Veteran and the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In the 1998 gubernatorial election, Democrat Glenn Poshard won handsomely in every county in Southern Illinois over his moderate Republican opponent, George Ryan. In many counties, Poshard won the votes of over 90% of the population due to his more conservative stances on abortion, gun control, gay rights, tax cuts and prayer in school despite losing the statewide election. Glenn Poshard Glenn Poshard (born October 30, 1945 in Herald, Illinois) is a former Illinois State Senator, U.S. Congressman, Gubernatorial Candidate, and is currently President of the Southern Illinois University system. ...


In the 2006 gubernatorial election, Southern Illinois played a decisive role in the reelection of Democratic Governor Rod Blagojevich against Republican challenger Judy Baar Topinka. The election results showed Blagojevich winning every county in Southern Illinois except Randolf, Perry, Washington, Pulaski, and Jackson Counties. The presence of two Southern Illinois politicians who ran on third party tickets, Randy Stufflebeam of Belleville and Rich Whitney of Carbondale, probably helped Blagojevich's race, and contributed to Topinka winning Jackson County. This trend was relatively common in all Southern Illinois counties. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with 2006 Election for statewide offices in the State of Illinois. ... Milorad Blagojevich, commonly known as Rod R. Blagojevich (pronounced IPA:  , born December 10, 1956) is an American politician from the state of Illinois. ... Judy Baar Topinka. ... In a two-party system a third party is a party other than the two dominant ones. ... Randall C. Stufflebeam is the Constitution Partys 2006 candidate for Illinois Governor. ... Rich Whitney in 2006 Wikisource has original text related to this article: The_Times_Demand_Change Rich Whitney is an Illinois politician and the Illinois Green Partys candidate for Governor of Illinois in 2006. ...


Economy

1940 Oil field near Salem, Illinois

There are two main centers of commerce for southern Illinois. They consist of the of St. Louis, Missouri Metropolitan area (home to approximately 2.8 million people), and the Carbondale, Marion, Herrin, West Frankfort area (home to approximately 180,000 people). Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The main agricultural products of southern Illinois are crops such as corn, soybeans and apples. In recent years there has been a flourishing of wineries in the Shawnee region. “Corn” redirects here. ... Binomial name Glycine max (L.) Merr. ... This article is about the satellite APPLE. For the fruit apple, see Apple. ... Wine Barrels A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ... The Shawnee Hills is a region of Western Kentucky and Southern Illinois. ...


Southern Illinois also has significant coal deposits, however since the late 1980's the coal industry has suffered significant decline due to the decreased demand for high sulfur coal. The collapse of the coal industry has had profound and lasting impact on the region's economy. Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


The Illinois oil basin is located mostly in Little Egypt. During the early 1940s and 1950s, Little Egypt had a modest oil boom in towns such as Carmi, McLeansboro, and Lawrenceville. Oil production reached more than 140 million barrels per year in the 1940s, but dropped to 10 million barrels per year in 1995. Oil wells are still found in the region, but are of relatively low yield and produce oil with a high sulfur content. There has been no significant drilling activity in the basin since the late 1970s.


Manufacturing in southern Illinois is typically clustered in the largest towns of each county, with the people of smaller towns and villages often commuting to them to work in the factories. Many of these towns have a number of light factories and other industrial facilities in their industrial parks which produce industrial electronics, minor electrical items, automobile parts, packaging materials, and carry out large scale printing as well as transportation and distribution of warehoused materials and goods. A large percentage of local jobs are in these light industries. An industrial park (or industrial estate in British English) is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ...


Culture

Culturally, southern Illinois is tied closely with Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri. The immigration route from the east coast westward ran along the Ohio River. In addition, the Cumberland River flowed northwest through Kentucky and Tennessee before joining the Ohio near Paducah, Kentucky, affording a migration route from the interior of those States. Thus, settlers who came to southern Illinois had previously settled Kentucky, Tennessee and continued to migrate into Missouri and Arkansas. A road between Golconda and Jonesboro carried settlers and commerce across southern Illinois as well as the Cherokee on the Trail of Tears.[3] Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St. ... The Cumberland River is an important waterway in the southern United States. ... Paducah is a city in McCracken County, Kentucky at the confluence of the Tennessee River and the Ohio River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Golconda is a city located in Pope County, Illinois. ... Jonesboro is a city located in Union County, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... This monument at the New Echota Historic Site honors Cherokees who died on the Trail of Tears. ...


Little Egypt exists at the confluence of the North Midland and South Midland dialects of American English. South Midland becomes more prominent as one approaches the Ohio River. The dialect change is not pure continuum, but rather occurs in pockets, with certain towns and regions notably favoring one dialect over the other. This difference can even be found between lifelong residents of the same town. No stigma is associated with either dialect within southern Illinois. For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ...


Even though Illinois was a free state prior to the American Civil War, there were a small number of slaves in Little Egypt. Illinois law generally forbade bringing slaves into Illinois, but a special exemption was given to the salt works near Equality and as long-term indentured servants or as descendants of slaves in the area before statehood. In 1834, citizens of Alton, Illinois, near St. Louis, lynched abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy. Many Democrats in southern Illinois favored the South. John A. Logan, a southern Illinois congressman who would later become a major general in the Union Army, even compared the southern secessionists to the Founding Fathers. Despite having a Democratic majority and southern sympathizers, Egypt had the highest Union recruitment rates in the state and Union Clubs were formed to physically intimidate dissenters. This article is becoming very long. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... Equality is a village located in Gallatin County, Illinois. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Historic Alton Home Alton is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Rev. ... For other persons with similar names, see John Logan. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Founding Fathers are persons instrumental in the establishment of an institution, usually a political institution, especially those connected to the origination of its ideals. ...


On April 15, 1861 the citizens of Marion passed a resolution calling for the division of Illinois and the secession of southern Illinois. The resolution stated: April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Marion is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. ...


"Resolved: 1. That we, the citizens of Williamson County, firmly believing, from the distracted condition of our county---the same being brought about by the elevation to power of a strictly sectional party---the coercive policy of which toward the seceded States will drive all the border slave States from the Federal Union, and cause them to join the Southern Confederacy.


"2. That, in such event, the interest of the citizens of Southern Illinois imperatively demands at their hands a division of the State. We hereby pledge ourselves to use all means in our power to effect the same, and attach ourselves to the Southern Confederacy.


"3. That, in our opinion, it is the duty of the present administration to withdraw all the troops of the Federal government that may be stationed in Southern forts, and acknowledge the independence of the Southern Confederacy, believing that such a course would he calculated to restore peace and harmony to our distracted country.


"4. That in view of the fact that it is probable that the present Governor of the State of Illinois will call upon the citizens of the same to take up arms for the purpose of subjecting the people of the South, we hereby enter our protest against such a course, and, as loyal citizens, will refuse, frown down, and forever oppose the same."


The resolution was repealed shortly thereafter, but General Benjamin Prentiss on his way to a garrison in Cairo left a company of men near Marion. Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss (November 23, 1819–February 8, 1901) was an American soldier and politician. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ...


In 1862, U. S. Representative William Joshua Allen of Marion and Circuit Judge Andrew D. Duff of Benton, among others, were arrested on suspicion of being members of the Knights of the Golden Circle. The Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) was a secret society originally founded to promote Southern interests and prepare the way for annexation of a golden circle of territories in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean which would be included into the United States as southern or slave states. ...


In 1864, a group of people from southern Illinois gave a horse named "Egypt" to Union General U.S. Grant.[4] Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ...


Major Cities in Little Egypt

Belleville is a city in St. ... OFallon is a city located in St. ... New Athens is a village located in St. ... Waterloo is a city in Monroe County, Illinois, United States. ... Chester is a town located on the bluffs of the Mississippi River Valley in Randolph County, Illinois. ... Sparta is a city in Randolph County, Illinois, United States. ... Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... Centralia is a city located in Marion and Clinton Counties in Illinois. ... Herrin is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. ... Marion is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ... Olney is a city in Richland County, Illinois, United States. ... Statue of Superman in the town square The sign outside the Superman Museum Metropolis is a city located in Massac County, Illinois, along the Ohio River. ... Harrisburg is a city in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... West Frankfort is a city in Franklin County, Illinois, USA. The population was 12,949 at the 2000 census. ... Mount Vernon is a city located in Jefferson County, Illinois. ...

List of counties in Little Egypt

See also: List of Illinois regions Alexander County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1950. ... Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960. ... Edwards County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Gallatin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Hamilton County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Hardin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Johnson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Lawrence County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Massac County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Perry County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Pulaski County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Randolph County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Richland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... St. ... Union County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Wabash County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... White County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Williamson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ...


External links

References

  • "The Other Illinois", Baker Brownell
  • "Bloody Williamson", Paul M. Angle
  • "Egypt in Illinois," in Chicago History (1965) 7(9) 266-70.
  • "Illinois: A History," Richard Jensen, (2001)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - History of Egypt - Encyclopedia Article (4180 words)
Lower Egypt is to the north and is that part where the Nile Delta flows into the Mediterranean Sea and Upper Egypt is to the South from the Libyan Desert down to just past Abu Simbel.
Egypt has long had ties with Libya, and the first king of the new Dynasty served as a general under the last ruler of the 21st Dynasty.
Egypt was readmitted to the Arab League in 1989.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m