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Encyclopedia > Literature of World War I

World War I has inspired great novels, drama and poetry. During the war itself, it has been estimated that thousands of poems were written every day by combatants and their relatives. After the war, many participants published their memoirs and diaries. Combatants Entente Powers Central Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties > 5 million military deaths > 3 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War I, also known as the First World War and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, War to End All Wars was a world... DeFoes Robinson Crusoe, Newspaper edition published in 1719 A novel (from French nouvelle, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is traditionally a written art form (although there is also an ancient and modern poetry which relies mainly upon oral or pictorial representations) in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ...

During the war many of the combatants published trench magazines, most of them for an audience in a particular division or unit. The most famous of these (and the only one still commercially available after the war) was the Wipers Times. The Wipers Times is the most well-known of the trench magazines that were published by soldiers fighting on the front lines of The Great War. ...

A common subject for fiction in the 1920s and 1930s was the effect of the war, including shell-shock and the huge social changes caused by the war. The military term combat stress reaction (CSR) comprises the range of adverse behaviours in reaction to the stress of combat and combat related activities. ...

From the latter half of the 20th century onwards, the First World War continued to be a popular subject for fiction, mainly novels. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...

Novels written from personal knowledge:

Other contemporary novels: Richard Aldington (July 8, 1892 – July 27, 1962) was an English writer and poet. ... Death of a Hero is a World War I novel by Richard Aldington. ... Jaroslav Hašek (April 30, 1883 - January 3, 1923) was a Czech humorist and satirist who became well-known mainly for his hilarious, world-famous novel The Good Soldier Svejk, a unfinished collection of farsical incidents about a soldier in World War I which has been translated into sixty languages. ... Fritz Muliar as Schwejk (1972) The Good Soldier Švejk (spelled Schweik or Schwejk in many translations, and pronounced /ʃvɛjk/) is the shortened title of the world-famous unfinished novel written by Czech humorist Jaroslav Hašek in 1921-22. ... Ernest Hemingway, 1950 Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist and short story writer whose works, drawn from his wide range of experiences in World War I, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II, are characterized by terse minimalism and understatement; they exerted... A Farewell to Arms book cover A Farewell to Arms is a semi-autobiographical novel written by Ernest Hemingway in 1929. ... Emilio Lussu (Armungia, Cagliari, 1890 - Rome 1975), a soldier, a politician and a writer from Sardinia, Italy. ... Frederic Manning (1882-1935) was an Australian poet and novelist. ... W. Somerset Maugham as photographed in 1934 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Erich Remarque, about 1963. ... All Quiet on the Western Front is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World War I, about the horrors of that war and also the deep detachment from German civilian life felt by many men returning from the front. ... Dalton Trumbo (December 9, 1905 – September 10, 1976) was an American screenwriter and novelist, and a member of the Hollywood Ten, one of group of film professionals who refused to testify before the 1947 House Un-American Activities Committee about alleged communist involvement. ... Johnny Got His Gun is a vivid anti-war novel written in 1939 by American novelist and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. ...

Memoirs and Diaries: John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (August 26, 1875 - February 11, 1940), was a Scottish novelist and politician who served as Governor General of Canada. ... The Thirty-Nine Steps is an adventure novel by John Buchan, first published in 1915. ... Dorothy Leigh Sayers (Oxford, 13 June 1893 – Witham, 17 December 1957) was a British author, translator, student of classical and modern languages, and Christian humanist. ... Timothy Irving Frederick Findley, OC , O. Ont. ...

Poetry: Edmund Charles Blunden (November 1, 1896 - January 20, 1974), although not one of the top trio of English World War I writers, was an important and influential poet, author and critic. ... Vera Mary Brittain (1893 – March 29, 1970) was an English writer, feminist and pacifist, best remembered as the author of the best-selling memoir Testament of Youth, recounting her experiences during the First World War and the growth of her ideology of Christian pacifism. ... Testament of Youth is the partial autobiography of Vera Brittain, and was first published in 1933. ... E. E. Cummings Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14, 1894 – September 3, 1962), typically abbreviated E. E. Cummings, was an American poet, painter, essayist, and playwright. ... The Enormous Room is a 1922 memoir by the poet and novelist E. E. Cummings about his temporary imprisonment in France during World War I. Cummings served as an ambulance driver during the war, when in late August 1917 he along with another driver, William Slater Brown (known in the... Portrait of Robert Graves (circa 1974) by Rab Shiell Robert von Ranke Graves (July 24, 1895–December 7, 1985) was an English scholar, best remembered for his work as a poet and novelist. ... Goodbye to All That, an autobiography by Robert Graves, first appeared in print in 1929. ... Ernst Jünger as a soldier in World War I Ernst Jünger, Juenger or Junger in English, (March 29, 1895 - February 17, 1998) was a German author of novels and accounts of his war experiences. ... Storm of Steel (in German: In Stahlgewittern, ISBN 0865273103) is the memoir of German officer Ernst Jüngers experiences on the Western Front during the First World War. ... Thomas Edward Lawrence (August 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935), also known as Lawrence of Arabia, and (apparently, among his Arab allies) Aurens or El Aurens, became famous for his role as a British liaison officer during the Arab Revolt of 1916–1918. ... Bold textItalic textLink titlelink title Bold textLink titleBold textItalic textLink titlelink title Headline text Media:Example. ... John Edward Masefield (1 June 1878 – 12 May 1967), was a British poet and writer, and Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1930 until his death in 1967. ... Frank Richards was the nom de plume of two 20th century authors. ... Siegfried Sassoon, 1916 Siegfried Loraine Sassoon CBE MC (September 8, 1886 – September 1, 1967) was an English poet and author. ... John Terraine is the name of the editor who edited General Jacks Diaries. ... Ford Madox Ford (December 17, 1873 - June 26, 1939) was an English novelist and publisher. ... A tetralogy is a compound work that is made up of four (numerical prefix tetra-) distinct works. ... Parades End is a tetralogy (four related novels) by Ford Madox Ford published between 1924 and 1928. ...

Unit 6-AQA English Lit -a sixth from perspective Robert Laurence Binyon (August 10, 1869 at Lancaster, England – March 10, 1943 at Reading, Berkshire) was a British poet, dramatist and art scholar. ... Edmund Charles Blunden (November 1, 1896 - January 20, 1974), although not one of the top trio of English World War I writers, was an important and influential poet, author and critic. ... A statue of Rupert Brooke in Rugby Rupert Brooke (August 3, 1887 – April 23, 1915) was a British poet best known for his idealistic War Sonnets written during the First World War. ... Wilfred Wilson Gibson (1878-1962) was a British poet, associated with World War I but also the author of the popular Flannan Isle. ... Julian Grenfell (1888-1915) was a British poet of World War I. He was the son and heir of Lord Desborough, and was educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford. ... Ivor Gurney (August 28, 1890 - December 26, 1937) was an English composer and poet. ... Francis Ledwidge (August 19, 1887 - July 31, 1917) was an Irish poet, killed in action during World War I. Ledwidge was born at Slane in Ireland, into a large and poverty-stricken family. ... Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander McCrae, MD (November 30, 1872 – January 28, 1918) was a Canadian poet, doctor, author and artist and soldier during World War I, who wrote the famous war memorial poem In Flanders Fields. McCrae was born in Guelph, Ontario, attending the Guelph Collegiate and Vocational Institute. ... Wreaths of artifical poppies used as a symbol of remembrance In Flanders Fields is one of the most famous poems about World War I. It was written by Canadian physician John McCrae, who died of pneumonia and meningitis while serving in a field hospital in Belgium. ... Wilfred Owen Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, MC (March 18, 1893 – November 4, 1918) was an English poet. ... Isaac Rosenberg (November 25, 1890 - April 1, 1918) was a Jewish-English poet of the First World War who was one of the greatest of all British war poets. ... Siegfried Sassoon, 1916 Siegfried Loraine Sassoon CBE MC (September 8, 1886 – September 1, 1967) was an English poet and author. ... Robert William Service (January 16, 1874 – September 11, 1958) was a poet born into a Scottish family while they were living in Preston, England. ... Charles Hamilton Sorley (May 19, 1895 - October 13, 1915) was a British poet of World War I. Born in Aberdeen, Scotland, he was educated, like Siegfried Sassoon, at Marlborough College (1908-1913). ... Do you mean: Edward Thomas, the English poet, killed at Arras in 1917 Corporal Edward Thomas, who fired the first British shots in World War I This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Frank McGuinness's 1986 play - Observe the Sons of Ulster Marching Towards the Somme Pat Barker (born May 8, 1943) is an English writer and historian. ... Regeneration is a prize-winning novel by Pat Barker, first published in 1991. ... The Ghost Road is a novel by Pat Barker, first published in 1995 and winner of the Booker Prize. ... William Boyd, CBE (born March 7, 1952 in Accra, Ghana) is a contemporary English/Scottish novelist and screenwriter. ... Joseph Lloyd Carr (May 20, 1912–February 26, 1994), who often called himself Jim or even James, was an English novelist, publisher, teacher, and eccentric. ... Sebastian Faulks Sebastian Faulks (born 20 April 1953, England, United Kingdom) is a journalist and former Literary Editor of The Independent newspaper who became a novelist. ... Mark Helprin is a contemporary award-winning Jewish-American novelist and journalist. ... Jennifer Johnston (1930- ) is an Irish novelist. ... Margaret Olwen Macmillan (born 1943 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is a historian and professor at the University of Toronto and is also Provost of Trinity College. ... Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (born April 24, 1941) is a New Yorker who has had a varied career as a professional American diplomat, magazine editor, author, Peace Corps director, and investment banker. ... Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World is a work of non-fiction based upon the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. ... Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (January 30, 1912 _ February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author. ... Original 1962 cover of The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman The Guns of August (1962) (also published as August 1914) is a military history book by Barbara Tuchman describing the crisis and events of the first 30 days of World War I. Beginning on July 28, 1914, The Guns... Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (January 30, 1912 _ February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author. ... Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (Russian: ; born December 11, 1918) is a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. ...

  • Unit 6-AQA English Lit -a sixth from perspective

  Results from FactBites:
World War I - Wikipedia (4372 words)
It is accepted that the triggering event for the war was the death (June 28, 1914) of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, and his morganatic wife Sophia in Sarajevo, Bosnia at the hands of a pro-Serbian nationalist assassin (a Bosnian Serb student named Gavrilo Princip).
The common view was that it would be a short war of manoeuvre with a few sharp actions (to "teach the enemy a lesson") and would end with a victorious entry into the capital (the enemy capital, naturally) then home for a victory parade or two and back to "normal" life.
Dissatisfaction with the Russian government's conduct of the war grew despite the success of the June 1916 Brusilov offensive[?] in eastern Galicia against the Austrians, when Russian success was undermined by the reluctance of other generals to commit their forces in support of the victorious sector commander.
World War I. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (2295 words)
World War I was immediately precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist in 1914.
World War I and the resulting peace treaties (see Versailles, Treaty of; Saint-Germain, Treaty of; Trianon, Treaty of; Neuilly, Treaty of; Sèvres, Treaty of) radically changed the face of Europe and precipitated political, social, and economic changes.
Yet when World War I ended, the immense suffering it had caused gave rise to a general revulsion to any kind of war, and a large part of mankind placed its hopes in the newly created League of Nations.
  More results at FactBites »



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