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Encyclopedia > Literary magazine

A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. Literary magazines usually publish short stories, poetry and essays along with literary criticism, book reviews, biographical profiles of authors, interviews and letters. Literary magazines are often called literary journals, or little magazines, which is not meant as a pejorative but instead as a contrast with larger commercially oriented magazines. In general, literary magazines function as a sort of literary alternative for writers by publishing the work of people who may not yet be established or accepted in the mainstream press. This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... An essay is a short work of writing that treats a topic from an authors personal point of view. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... For book reviews in academia, see Academic journal#Book reviews A book review (or book report) is a form of literary criticism in which the work is analyzed based on content, style, and merit. ... An author is the person who creates a written work, such as a book, story, article or the like. ... interview An interview is a conversation between two or more people (The interviewer and the interviewee) where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee. ... A word or phrase is pejorative if it implies contempt or disapproval. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ...

Contents

History of literary magazines

Literary magazines first began to appear in the early part of the nineteenth century, mirroring an overall rise in the number of books, magazines and scholarly journals being published at that time. There were a number of literary magazines in Europe (especially in England and Russia) and the United States. Even though many of these magazines were not necessarily entirely literary in content and most had a short lifespan, they thrived in cities both large and small (for example, several literary magazines were published in Charleston, South Carolina, including the Southern Review from 1828–32 and Russell's Magazine from 1857–60). [1] Two important exceptions to this short-lived rule are The North American Review, which was founded in 1815, and The Yale Review, founded in 1819, both of which are still in print. The North American Review is the oldest American literary magazine, but publication was suspended during World War II whereas the Yale Review was not, making the Yale journal the oldest literary magazine in continuous publication. By the end of the century, literary magazines had become an important feature of intellectual life in many parts of the world. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: The Palmetto City Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... First issue of the North American Review with signature of its editor William Tudor (1779-1830). ... The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. ... First issue of the North American Review with signature of its editor William Tudor (1779-1830). ... “Yale” redirects here. ...


Among the literary magazines that began in the early part of that century is Poetry Magazine, founded in 1912, which published T. S. Eliot's first poem, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock." Other important early 20th century literary magazines include the Southern Review and New Letters, both founded in 1935. Poetry, published in Chicago, Illinois, is one of the leading monthly poetry journals in the English-speaking world. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965) was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, a poem by T. S. Eliot, marked the start of his career as one of the twentieth centurys most influential poets. ... The Southern Review is a publication of Louisiana State University. ... New Letters magazine, the name it has been published under since 1970, is one of the oldest literary magazines in the United States and continues to publish award-winning poems and fiction. ...


Two of the most influential--and radically different--journals of the last half of the 20th century were The Kenyon Review and The Partisan Review. KR, founded by John Crowe Ransom, espoused the so-called New Criticism. Its platform was avowedly unpolitical. Although Ransom came from the South and published authors from that region, KR also published many New York-based and international authors. The Partisan Review was first associated with the Communist Party and the John Reed Club. But it soon broke ranks with the Party. Nevertheless, politics remained central to its character, while it also published significant literature and criticism.


The middle 20th century saw a boom in the number of literary magazines, which corresponded with the rise of the small press. Among the important journals which began in this period were Nimbus: A Magazine of Literature, the Arts, and New Ideas, which began publication in 1951 in England, and the Paris Review, which was founded in 1953. The 1970s saw another surge in the number of literary magazines, with a number of distinguished journals getting their start during this decade (including Ploughshares, The Iowa Review, AGNI, The Missouri Review and others). Other highly regarded print magazines of recent years include The Threepenny Review, ZYZZYVA, Glimmer Train, Tin House, The Canary, and Fence. The Dun Emer Press in 1903 with Elizabeth Yeats working the hand press Small press is a term often used to describe publishers who typically specialize in genre fiction, or limited edition books or magazines. ... The Paris Review, which is actually based in New York, is a literary magazine started in 1953 by Peter Matthiessen, Thomas H. Guinzburg, and Harold L. Humes, and edited until his death in 2003 by George Plimpton. ... Ploughshares is an American literary journal published quarterly by Emerson College. ... The Iowa Review is an American literary magazine that publishes stories, poems, essays and reviews, many of which are later reprinted in annual anthologies. ... The Threepenny Review is an American literary magazine published quarterly from its offices in Berkeley, California. ... Zyzzyva is a magazine aimed at writers and artists. ... Glimmer Train is an American literary journal founded in 1990. ... // The Magazine Tin House is a literary magazine based in Portland, Oregon and New York City. ... The word canary is used to describe a number of things: The Canary is a poetry journal edited by Joshua Edwards, Anthony Robinson, and Nick Twemlow. ...


One of the hallmarks of small literary magazines (particularly the small-press scene of the 1970's in the San Francsico Bay Area of California) was the fact that the editors were often poets and reciprocity was common. In other words, 'I'll publish yours if you'll publish mine' (rarely stated so bluntly) was a common attitude and practice. Contrary to the expectations of many purists, academics, mainstream publishers, etc., this did not produce the publication of as much bad poetry as one might expect. It has never been a kind of glorified vanity press (the history of vanity press is often maligned unfairly -- Consider Whitman).


It remains an extremely open, democratic and fertile field for poets. The Committee Of Small Magazine Editors and Publishers (COSMEP) was founded by Hugh Fox in the mid 70's. It was an attempt to organize the energy of the small presses. Len Fulton, editor and founder of Dustbook publishing, assembled and published the first real list of these small magazines and their editors in the mid-1970s. This made it possible for poets to pick and choose the publications most amenable to their work and the vitality of these independent publishers was recognized by the larger community, including The National Endowment of the Arts which created a committee to distribute support money for this burgeoning group of publishers called the Coordinating Council of Literary Magazines (CCLM).


Online literary magazines

Around 1996, online literary magazines began to appear. At first, many writers and readers dismissed online literary magazines as not equalling their print counterparts, while others said that these were not properly magazines and were instead ezines. Since then, though, many writers and readers have accepted online literary magazines as another step in the evolution of the independent literary journals. Among the better known online literary magazines are 2River, Blackbird, 3:AM Magazine, Dublin Quarterly, failbetter, Perigee: Publication for the Arts, Pindeldyboz, Guernica Magazine, The Lotus Reader, Eclectica Magazine, The Argotist Online, Spike Magazine and storySouth, but there are literally thousands of online poetry publications and it is difficult to judge the quality and overall impact of this new publishing medium. Those who are critical of this phenomenon say that the completely democratic nature of the medium allows anyone to publish a web based literary journal and too often these publications are symptomatic, the critics say, of the prevailing attitude that poetry is personal; anyone can write it, and no one can judge it.[citation needed] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Online magazine. ... 2River is a site of poetry and art, quarterly publishing the 2River View and occasionally publishing individual authors in the 2River Chapbook Series. ... Blackbird (an online journal of literature and the arts) is an internet journal publishing fiction, poetry, plays, interviews, and reviews by Pulitzer winners as well as promising young artists, including audio and video features, always presented free of charge. ... failbetter is a quarterly online literary magazine. ... Guernica: a Magazine of Art and Politics publishes photography, poetry, and fiction from around the world along with nonfiction, including: letters from abroad investigative pieces interviews profiles of artists/writers/musicians or political figures opinion pieces on international affairs and U.S. domestic politics and foreign policy Their stated mission... Eclectica is one of the oldest surviving online literary publications. ... Spike Magazine [1] is an internet cultural journal which began in 1996, the creation of editor Chris Mitchell in Brighton, England. ... storySouth is an online quarterly literary magazine that publishes fiction, poetry, criticism, essays, and visual artwork, with a focus on the Southern United States. ...


Print and online literary magazines mentioned in article

For more literary magazines, see List of literary magazines Image File history File links Information_icon. ... 2River 3:AM Magazine Adam Sanat AGNI (magazine) Akcent (Poland) Alligator Juniper The American Mercury American Poetry Review The American Review American Tanka Angel Exhaust Antaeus Anything That Moves The Apocalyptic Apple Valley Review Archipelago Asimovs Athenaeum The Atlantic Monthly The Beau The Believer (magazine) Bibelot BLAST (journal) BLATT...

Clarion is an undergraduate literary arts journal published at Boston University since 1998, unique for continuing to publish despite a policy prohibiting any student journal of opinion from receiving university funding. ...

External links

  • Little Magazine Interview Index Housed at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Special Collections, the Little Magazine Collection, one of the most extensive of its kind in the United States, includes approximately 7,000 English-language literary magazines published in the United States, Great Britain, Canada, and Australia/New Zealand, mostly in the 20th century.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Literary magazine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (604 words)
A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense.
Literary magazines are often called literary journals, or little magazines, which is not meant as a pejorative but instead as a contrast with larger commercially oriented magazines.
Literary magazines first began to appear in the early part of the nineteenth century, mirroring an overall rise in the number of books, magazines, and scholarly journals being published at that time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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