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Encyclopedia > Literary genre

A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Literary technique or literary device may be used by works of literature in order to produce a specific effect on the reader. ... Authors set a tone or mood in literature by conveying an emotion or emotions through words. ... Look up content in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The most important genres in literature are (in chronological order) epic, tragedy, comedy, novel, and short story. They can all be in the types of literature like prose or poetry, though genres are generally difficult to define. Additionally, a kind of genre like satire might appear in any of the above. Finally, they are defined by the general cultural movement of the historical period in which they were composed. The epic is a broadly defined genre of poetry, and one of the major forms of narrative literature. ... In general usage a tragedy is a play, movie or sometimes a real world event with a sad outcome. ... Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... This article is in need of attention. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... 1867 edition of the satirical magazine Punch, a British satirical magazine, ground-breaking on popular literature satire. ... A cultural movement is a change in the way a number of different disciplines approach their work. ... This is a list of named time periods defined in various fields of study. ...


Subgenres

Genres are often divided into sub-genres. Literature can be organized according to the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres". Poetry might be subdivided into epic poetry, lyric poetry, and dramatic poetry, while prose might be subdivided into fiction and non-fiction. Further subdivisions of dramatic poetry, for instance, might include comedy, tragedy, melodrama, and so forth. This parsing into subgenres can continue: "comedy" has its own genres, for example, including comedy of manners, sentimental comedy, burlesque comedy, and satirical comedy. The Chinese poem Quatrain on Heavenly Mountain by Emperor Gaozong (Song Dynasty) Poetry (from the Greek , poiesis, making or creating) is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible meaning. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of poetry, and one of the major forms of narrative literature. ... // Lyric poetry is a form of poetry that does not attempt to tell a story, as do epic poetry and dramatic poetry, but is of a more personal nature instead. ... Verse drama is any drama written as verse to be spoken; another possible general terms is poetic drama. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fiction (from the Latin fingere, to form, create) is storytelling of imagined events and stands in contrast to non-fiction, which makes factual claims about reality. ... Non-fiction is an account or representation of a subject which is presented as fact. ... Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... In general usage a tragedy is a play, movie or sometimes a real world event with a sad outcome. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... The comedy of manners satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters, such as the miles gloriosus in ancient times, the fop and the rake during the Restoration, or an old person pretending to be young. ... In literary criticism, the term burlesque is employed as a term in genre criticism, to describe any imitative work that derives humor from an incongruous contrast between style and subject. ...


Many times, the criteria used to divide up works into genres are not consistent, leading to works that belong to more than one genre. Romance and mystery are marked out by their plots, and Western by its setting, which means that a work can easily be a Western romance or Western mystery.


List of literary genres

Autobiography
Biography
Children's literature
Constrained writing
Diaries and Journals
Erotic literature
Essay
Fiction
Adventure novel
Airport novels
Comedy
Parody
Satire
Crime fiction
Detective fiction
Hardboiled
Whodunit
Newgate novel
Erotica
Fable
Fairy tale
Family Saga
Frame story
Gothic
Southern Gothic
Historical fiction
Inspirational fiction
Invasion literature
Mystery
Philosophical literature
Inspirational fiction
Religious literature
Psychological novel
Psychological thriller
Romance
Historical romance
Regency romance
Inspirational romance
Paranormal romance
Saga
Speculative fiction
Alternate/Alternative history
Fantasy (for more details see Fantasy subgenres; fantasy literature)
Epic fantasy
Science fantasy
Steampunk
Urban fantasy
Weird fantasy
Horror
Lovecraftian horror
Weird menace
Science fiction (for more details see Science fiction genres and related topics)
Cyberpunk
Hard science fiction
Space opera
Supernatural fiction
Sensation novel
Slave narrative
Thriller
Conspiracy fiction
Legal thriller
Spy fiction/Political thriller
Techno-thriller
Western
literary criticism
Memoir
Non-fiction
Oral Narrative (Oral History)
Outdoor literature
Poetry (see that article for an extensive list of sub-genres and types)
Aubade
Clerihew
Epic
Haiku
Lied
Lyric
Ode
Rhapsody
Song
Limerick
Sonnet
Speculative poetry
Travel literature

  Results from FactBites:
 
Document (9796 words)
Although not all literary genre theorists agree with Rosmarin's perspective, her position, though extreme, reflects a common privileging by literary theorists of the critic's role in creating genres.5 Of course, that privileging of the critic makes sense for scholars of literature who are most concerned to contribute to the literary critic's interpretative range.
Rhetorical genre theory must be able to deal with desirable variations within literary genres made by accomplished writers as well as the mastery of generic conformity by experts and the "errors" in rhetorical genres made by novices.
Even such an apparently stable genre as the lab report has different functions for its student writers than for its teacher readers and exists in different situations when it is being composed in notes in the lab, revised by the student at his computer late at night, or graded by the teacher in her office.
genre: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1031 words)
genre is a division of a particular form of art or utterance according to criteria particular to that form.
Genres are formed by sets of conventions, and many works cross into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions.
Bakhtin's basic observations were of "speech genres" (the idea of heteroglossia), modes of speaking or writing that people learn to mimic, weave together, and manipulate (such as "formal letter" and "grocery list", or "university lecture" and "personal anecdote").
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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