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Encyclopedia > List of Portuguese monarchs

Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal
History of Portugal
series
Topics
 Timeline of Portuguese history 

This is a list of Portuguese monarchs dating from the independence of Portugal from the kingdom of León in 1128 under Afonso Henriques, who proclaimed himself King in 1139, to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic on October 5, 1910, during the reign of Manuel II, "the Patriot," or "the Missed King." Afonso I was recognized as king, in 1143, by Alfonso VII of León and Castile and, in 1179, by the Pope Alexander III. Picture of king Afonso I of Portugal. ... Alfonso I Henriques of Portugal (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25, – 1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first king of Portugal, declaring his independence from Leon_Castile, a deed often identifying the Condado Portucalense as the first nation_based state of Europe. ... Portugal is a European nation whose origins go back to the Early Middle Ages. ... The Prehistory of the Iberian peninsula begins with the arrival of the first hominins c. ... Oestreminis are deemed to be the first native people of Portugal. ... Ophiussa is the ancient name given by the ancient Greeks to the Portuguese territory. ... Gallaecia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Lusitanians (or Lusitani in Latin) were a tribe, or various tribes, from the western Iberian peninsula (province of Lusitania), who spoke a Lusitanian language until the conquest of their territory by the Romans. ... The Celtici were an ancient celtic tribe akin to the Lusitanians and Calaicians or Gallaeci, living in what today is the province of Alentejo in modern Portugal. ... Ancient Map of the Gulf of Cádiz. ... Peoples of the Iberian peninsula just before the Roman process of conquest The Conquest of Hispania was a historical period that began with the Roman landing at Empúries in 218 B.C. and ended with the conclusion of the Roman conquest of the Iberian Peninsula (or Hispania) by Caesar... Combatants Roman Republic Carthage Commanders Publius Cornelius Scipio†, Tiberius Sempronius Longus Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Gaius Flaminius†, Fabius Maximus, Claudius Marcellus†, Lucius Aemilius Paullus†, Gaius Terentius Varro, Marcus Livius Salinator, Gaius Claudius Nero, Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus†, Masinissa, Minucius†, Servilius Geminus† Hannibal Barca, Hasdrubal Barca†, Mago Barca†, Hasdrubal Gisco†, Syphax... The Lusitanian War, called the Purinos Polemos (meaning Fiery War),[1] was a war of resistance fought between the advancing legions of the Roman Republic and the Lusitani tribes of Hispania Ulterior from 155 to 139 BC. The Lusitani revolted on two separate occassions (155 and again 146 BC) and... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iberian Peninsula. ... In red is the province of Lusitania within the Roman Empire, AD 117 Lusitania was an ancient Roman province including approximately all of modern Portugal south of the Douro river, and part of modern Spain (the present autonomous community of Extremadura and a small part of the province of Salamanca). ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... The Visigothic Kingdom was an European power in the 5e en de 7e censury, created yn Gaul by the German people of the Visigoths when the Romains lost their control of their empire. ... Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Flag Motto: Hoc Signo Tuetur Pius, Hoc Signo Vincitur Inimicus (English: With this sign thou shalt defend the pious, with this sign thou shalt defeat the enemy) Capital Cangas de Onis, San Martín, Pravia, Oviedo Language(s) Asturian, Latin Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King  - 718-737 Pelayo of... Coat of arms Kingdom of León, 1030 Capital León Language(s) Mainly Latin and Astur-Leonese. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... The County of Coimbra (Portuguese: Condado de Coimbra) was a political entity instituted as a military unit of defense in the borders of the Kingdom of Galicia in the Iberian Peninsula, and in what is today central Portugal. ... History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Anthem: O Hino da Carta (from 1834) The Kingdom of Portugal in 1561 Capital Lisbon¹ Language(s) Portuguese Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy King  - 1139-1185 Afonso I  - 1908-1910 Manuel II History  - Established 26 July, 1139  - Peninsular War 1808-1814  - Brazilian suzerainty 1815  - Brazilian independence October 12, 1822  - Revolution... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... The 1383–1385 crisis is a period of civil war and anarchy in Portuguese history that began with the death of King Fernando I of Portugal, who left no male heirs, and ended with the accession to the throne of King João I in 1385, in the wake of... For additional context, see History of Portugal and Portuguese Empire. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... // Main article: Portuguese Empire An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista Castilian and Leonese rule First County of Portugal County of Coimbra Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385... The history of Portugal from the beginning of Maria Is reign in 1777 to the end of the Liberal Wars in 1834 spans a complex historic period in which several important political and military events led to the end of the absolutist regime and to the installment of a... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Estado Novo (Portuguese for New State; pron. ... The Portuguese Third Republic is a period in the history of Portugal corresponding to the current democratic regime installed after the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, that put an end to the quasi-fascist Estado Novo regime of António de Oliveira Salazar and Marcello Caetano. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... ĢÕãÒòùäÊŞ Ä‚ ßõî ŔûñÑèđ òΝ ýëŗ pæŇţž This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista Castilian and Leonese rule First County of Portugal County of Coimbra Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Ajuda Library, created in the 15th century as Royal Library. Mother of the Portuguese and Brazilian National Libraries. ... // In the early days of the Catholic Church, several local liturgies developed, such as the Gallican in France, the Sarum in England, the antique Roman in Rome, the Ambrosian rite in Milan. ... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of León, 1030 Capital León Language(s) Mainly Latin and Astur-Leonese. ... Alfonso I Henriques of Portugal (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25, – 1185), also known as the Conqueror, was the first king of Portugal, declaring his independence from Leon_Castile, a deed often identifying the Condado Portucalense as the first nation_based state of Europe. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... Pope Alexander III (c. ...


It includes the Portuguese rulers from the

Contents

The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... The Philippine House or House of Habsburg is the third dynasty of Kings of Portugal named after the three Spanish kings who ruled over Portugal from Madrid between 1580 and 1640. ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ...

Historical roots of the Monarchy

Main articles: History of Portugal (711-1112) and History of Portugal (1112-1279)

Portugal originated as a distinct political and national entity in the 9th century, when the first County of Portugal was established by Vímara Peres just after the reconquista of Northern Portugal from the Moors, who ruled very briefly in this area. The County of Portugal's original territory was limited to an area between the Minho and Douro rivers in today's Northern Portugal. The History of Portugal from the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula in 711 to the death of Henry of Burgundy, first count of the Second County of Portugal in 1112 is a 400-year period in which the national identity of the Portuguese people was formed and the basis... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Vímara Peres (? - 873) from Vimara (Weimar or Guimar) and Peres (son of Peter) was a christian warlord of the 9th century in west Iberia. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see moor. ... Miño/Minho designates both the river as well as an adjacent Portuguese region Miño/Minho River The river is the longest in Galicia with an extension of 340 km. ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ...


The Iberian political and genealogical forerunners of the Portuguese throne were some of the following: The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ...

A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... The Suebi or Suevi were a Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea . ... This is a list of the rulers of the Kingdom of Asturias. ... ... Kings of León Alfonso III of Leon, (838–910), 866–910 surnamed the Great Garcia I of Leon 910–914 Ordono II of Leon 910–924 and of the Kingdom of León 914–924 Fruela II of Leon 910–925 and of the Kingdom of León 924...

House of Vímara Peres

The basis of the Portuguese nationality dates from 868 when Alfonso III of León gave Vímara Peres the lands between the Minho and Douro rivers, in the south of Galicia. In the period of Reconquista, Vímara ruled over a county named after the city of Portucale (today's Porto) and based in Guimarães. Alfonso III (c. ... Vímara Peres (? - 873) from Vimara (Weimar or Guimar) and Peres (son of Peter) was a christian warlord of the 9th century in west Iberia. ... Miño/Minho designates both the river as well as an adjacent Portuguese region Miño/Minho River The river is the longest in Galicia with an extension of 340 km. ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... District Porto Mayor   - Party Rui Rio PSD Area 41. ... Oporto redirects here. ... District or region Braga Mayor   - Party Magalhães Silva PS Area 241. ...


The First County of Portugal would last for two centuries, until 1071, when Portugal lost its autonomy as the last Count, Nuno II Mendes, lost the Battle of Pedroso to Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal, son of Ferdinand I of Castile-León. Garcia II became the first monarch to use the style "King of Portugal". History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal (11th century), was one of the three sons and heirs of Ferdinand I of Castile-León. ... Ferdinand I of Castile, known as El Magno or the Great, (d. ... Louis XIV, king of France and Navarre (Painting by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1701). ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ...


One year later, in 1072, Garcia was defeated by his brothers and the Portuguese lands were again incorporated into the kingdom of León; this would only last for two decades, until the re-creation of the county of Portugal under Henry, Count of Portugal in 1093. Coat of arms Kingdom of León, 1030 Capital León Language(s) Mainly Latin and Astur-Leonese. ... There are two Counties of Portugal in different periods of the History of the Iberian Peninsula: First County of Portugal formed by Vímara Peres that lasted from 868 to 1071. ... Henry of Burgundy (1066–1112) was Count of Portugal from 1093 to his death. ...

Name Started Ended Alternative names Title
Vímara Peres 868 873 Vimarano Count of Portugal
Lucídio Vimaranes 873  ? Count of Portugal
Onega Lucides
with Diogo Fernandes
 ? c. 924 Countess of Portugal
Mumadona Dias
with Mendo I Gonçalves
c. 924 c. 950 Countess of Portugal
Gonçalo I Mendes c. 950 999 Count of Portugal,
magnus dux portucalensium (in 997)
Mendo II Gonçalves 999 1008 Count of Portugal
Alvito Nunes 1008 1015 Count of Portugal
Ilduara Mendes
with Nuno I Alvites
1017 1028 Countess of Portugal
Mendo III Nunes 1028 1050 Count of Portugal
Nuno II Mendes 1050 1071 Count of Portugal, during the rule
of Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal (1065-1072).

Vímara Peres (? - 873) from Vimara (Weimar or Guimar) and Peres (son of Peter) was a christian warlord of the 9th century in west Iberia. ... Mumadona Dias, Countess of Portugal in the 10th century, ruling between c. ... Garcia II of Galicia and Portugal (11th century), was one of the three sons and heirs of Ferdinand I of Castile-León. ...

Before the House of Burgundy

The so called Second County of Portugal is generally attributed to Henry of Burgundy, a French prince, great grandson of Robert II of France in the male line, nephew to Alfonso VI of León's Queen Constance of Burgundy. His mother was a catalan princess, and as such Prince Henry was born in Barcelona. The so-called second county of Portugal was in fact transmitted personally as a personal feudal property to his wife, Queen Theresa, Countess of Portugal, the Count being consort and Regent of the County, as she married in her childhood to him. King Alfonso VI had personal claims to the dynastic County of Portugal, after the murder of his brother King Garcia I of Galicia and Portugal, as they were both grandsons of a Queen of Leon born into the family of the old Counts of Portucale. One may imagine those rights were given to Queen Theresa, his favourite daughter, when politically marrying her, such a young child. History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Robert II the Pious (French: Robert II le Pieux) (March 27, 972 – July 20, 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031. ...


When Alfonso VI of León gave her the county her husband, Prince Henry, intended to secure peace and order in a difficult region, something that his brother-in-law the Count of Galicia, Raymond (a Burgundian nobleman) had not managed to do. Henry was a vassal, but soon tried to gain more autonomy for his county and ultimately make it an independent kingdom, a politic his wife, when reigning in adulthood, never abandoned. This would only happen after their death, under their son, Afonso Henriques. Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was King of León from 1065 to 1109 and King of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... Raymond of Burgundy (Spanish and Portuguese: Raimundo) was the fourth son of William I, Count of Burgundy and was Count of Amous. ...

Name Started Ended Alternative names Title
Henry 1093 1112 Henrique (Portuguese) Count of Portugal
Theresa 1112 1126 Teresa
or Tareja (Old Portuguese)
Countess of Portugal
Regent of the County
but the de facto ruler
and self-styled Queen of Portugal
Afonso 1126 1139 Alphonzo (English),
Alphonse (English),
Afonso Henriques
(Portuguese alternative),
Affonso (Old Portuguese),
Alfonso (Old Portuguese)
or Alphonso
(Old Portuguese)
Count of Portugal (until 1128/1129) and
the Prince of Portugal (Dux Portucalensis)

Henry of Burgundy (1066–1112) was Count of Portugal from 1093 to his death. ... Image File history File links Picture of Henry, Count of Portugal. ... Countess Teresa of Portugal, a. ... Image File history File links Picture of Theresa, Countess of Portugal. ... Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Picture of king Afonso I of Portugal. ...

House of Burgundy, or Afonsine Dynasty, 1143-1383

Main article: History of Portugal (1279-1415)

The foundation of the Portuguese Royal House of Burgundy is for some a controversial subject. Some say it started in 1093 with the appointment of Henry of Burgundy as Count of Portugal. However, at that time counties and kingdoms in Iberia had the same status. Portugal passed from being a county to a kingdom shortly after the County of Castile did the same. The fact did not alter the sovereignty of the principal feudal lords. Almost all of them received and granted allegiance between themselves in several parts of their realms. History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Henry of Burgundy (1066–1112) was Count of Portugal from 1093 to his death. ...


In addition, since the sovereignty was with Queen Theresa, one cannot say the House of Burgundy was founded until after her death. Even if she ruled her county styling herself Queen Theresa of Portugal, as it was usual to all sons and daughters of Iberian monarchs to use the titles of their parents in the German/Visigothic manner the House of Burgundy cannot be referred to as a Royal House either:

  • until Afonso I proclaimed himself King in 1139.
  • or, to others, when his cousin "Emperor" Alfonso VII of León recognised him as king in 1143, keeping him as a vassal only by a separate allegiance over the Leonese exclave town of Astorga.
  • or, to some purists, until the pope recognised him as king in 1179, when he was made a papal vassal (instead of Leonese) for his town of Astorga, by Alexander III's Manifestus Probatum bull.

In fact, his father, the Prince Henry, count consort of Portugal, styled himself in all written documents solely as Count Henry, husband of Queen Theresa, daughter of the Emperor of León. All documents needed her name besides his. Alfonso VII. Alfonso VII (1 March 1105 – 21 August 1157), called the Emperor, became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. ... Events Third Council of the Lateran condemned Waldensians and Cathars as heretics, institutes a reformation of clerical life, and creates the first ghettos for Jews Afonso I is recognized as the true King of Portugal by Portugal the protection of the Catholic Church against the Castillian monarchy Philip II is... Episcopal Palace of Astorga Astorga (Latin Asturica Augusta) is a city in the province of León, Spain. ... Alexander III may refer to any of the following; Pope Alexander III pope from 1159 to 1181 Alexander III of Russia (1845-1894), emperor of Russia Alexander III of Scotland (1241-1286), king of Scotland Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great Categories: | ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ...


Queen Theresa, starting to reign by herself on the early death of her older husband, styled herself as Queen Theresa of Portugal, daughter of the great Emperor Afonso of León.


In 1128, with the Battle of São Mamede and the end of the civil war, by the deposition of Queen Theresa, power was taken by Infante Dom Afonso Henriques as the sole ruler, officially styling himself Prince of Portugal, grandson of Emperor Alfonso VI of León. He proclaimed himself King of Portugal in 1139. This is commonly accepted as the date of the foundation of the first Portuguese royal house. With Afonso's victory in the Battle of Ourique he was acclaimed King of Portugal by his soldiers and the Portuguese people. In the same year, according to the legend, he summoned the cortes (estates-general) at Lamego, where he was crowned by the archbishop of Braga. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Battle of Ourique took place in July 26, 1139, in the countryside outside the town of Ourique, present-day Alentejo (southern Portugal). ... Lamego is a city in the north of Portugal. ... For other uses, see Braga (disambiguation). ...


The year of 1143 is also one of the most supported dates for the foundation of the House of Burgundy as the Portuguese royal house. In that year Afonso I declared himself the direct liegeman of the Papacy and swore himself and the kingdom servants of the Church, even if the pope did not immediately recognise his allegiance. It was also in that year that the Treaty of Zamora established peace between the Portuguese and Castile and Leon with Alfonso VII of Castile recognizing Afonso as a king. However, as the Church did not recognize Portugal in the dignity of a kingdom with the right to conquer territories from the Moors until 1179 when Pope Alexander III acknowledged Afonso as King of Portugal, some argue that that event marks the beginning of the first royal dynasty of Portugal. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The Treaty of Zamora (1143) recognizes Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of Leon and Castille. ... Alfonso VII of Castile (March 1, 1104/5 - August 21, 1157), nicknamed the Emperor, was the king of Castile and Leon since 1126, son of Urraca of Castile and Count Raymond of Burgundy. ... For other uses, see moor. ... Pope Alexander III (c. ...


The House of Burgundy corresponds to a complex period in the Portuguese History of implementation of the monarchy and the process of conquest of Moorish lands to the south, which ended in 1249. And the implementation of necessary structures, such as international diplomacy, agriculture, population, commerce, education and culture, even all that existed in the Portuguese territory a long time ago, and even in a very developed way during the regency of Count Henrique of Burgundy already, who travelled to Rome and Jerusalem, France and other hispanic kingdoms, and was the nephew of the most powerful diplomat of his time, Saint Bernard, leading him to bring the cosmopolite Order of the Temple to his fied when it was just created. Portugal is a European nation whose origins go back to the Early Middle Ages. ...


The end of the House of Burgundy began in 1383 with the death of Ferdinand I. The heiress to the throne was Infanta Beatrice, sole daughter of Ferdinand and wife of John I of Castile. Although frequently forgotten from the monarchs of the country, she was acclaimed queen of Portugal in 1383 after her father's death, but the possibility of loss of independence to Castile due to her marriage triggered a civil war and an Interregnum period known as the 1383-1385 Crisis. Fernando I (pron. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... For other uses, see Interregnum (disambiguation). ... History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian...

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
1 Afonso I 1139 1185 Alphonzo I (English),
Alphonse I (English),
Afonso Henriques
(Portuguese alternative),
Affonso I (Old Portuguese),
the Conqueror (o Conquistador)
The Founder (o Fundador)
the Great (o Grande)
son of Henry, Count of Portugal
2 Sancho I 1185 1211 Sanctius I (English) the Populator (o Povoador) son of Afonso I
3 Afonso II 1211 1223 Alphonzo II (English),
Alphonse II (English),
Affonso II (Old Portuguese),
the Fat (o Gordo) son of Sancho I
4 Sancho II 1223 1247 Sanctius II (English) the Pious (o Capelo)
the Piteous (o Piedoso)
son of Afonso II
5 Afonso III 1247 1279 Alphonzo III (English),
Alphonse III (English),
Affonso III (Old Portuguese),
the Bolognian (o Bolonhês) brother of Sancho II
younger son of Afonso II
6 Denis 1279 1325 Dinis (Portuguese) or
Diniz (Old Portuguese)
the Farmer (o Lavrador)
the Poet-King (o Rei-Poeta)
the Troubadour-King (o Rei-Trovador)
son of Afonso III
7 Afonso IV 1325 1357 Alphonzo IV (English),
Alphonse IV (English),
Affonso IV (Old Portuguese),
(Old Portuguese)
the Brave (o Bravo) son of Denis
8 Peter I 1357 1367 Pedro I (Portuguese) the Just (o Justiceiro)
or the Cruel (o Cruel)
the Vengeful (o Vingativo) or
the Until-the-End-of-the-World-In-Love
(o Até-ao-Fim-do-Mundo-Apaixonado)
son of Afonso IV
9 Ferdinand I 1367 1383 Fernando I (Portuguese) the Handsome (o Formoso)
the Beautiful (o Belo)
the Fickle (o Inconstante)
the Reckless (o Inconsciente)
son of Peter I
10 Beatrice (disputed) 1383 1385 Beatriz (Portuguese) or Beatrix (English alternative)
Brites (Old Portuguese)
  daughter of Ferdinand I

Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Picture of king Afonso I of Portugal. ... Henry of Burgundy (1066–1112) was Count of Portugal from 1093 to his death. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Picture of king Sancho I of Portugal. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Picture of king Afonso II of Portugal. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Picture of king Sancho II of Portugal. ... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Picture of king Denis of Portugal. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Picture of king Afonso IV of Portugal. ... Pedro I of Portugal (pron. ... Picture of king Peter I of Portugal. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Painting of king Fernando of Portugal. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ...

House of Aviz, or Joannine Dynasty, (1385-ca. 1580)

Main articles: Portugal in the period of discoveries, Struggle for the throne of Portugal.

The second dynasty of Portuguese Royalty is known as the House of Aviz, after John, Master of the military Order of Aviz, who later became John I of Portugal. For additional context, see History of Portugal. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ...


The institution of House of Aviz followed the dynastic crisis that originated from the death of Ferdinand I in 1383. With the Portuguese victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385, John I, half-brother of Ferdinand and natural son of Pedro I, confirmed the kingship which had been bestowed upon him at the Cortes of Coimbra in April 1385. Belligerents Portugal with English allies Castile with Portuguese and French allies Commanders John I of Portugal Nuno Álvares Pereira John I of Castile Strength 6,500 men 31,000 men The Battle of Aljubarrota (pronounced ) took place on August 14, 1385, between the forces commanded by King John I of... Location    - Country  Portugal  - Region Centro  - Subregion Baixo Mondego  - District or A.R. Coimbra Mayor Carlos Encarnação  - Party PSD Area 319. ...


This period of Portuguese history is considered to include the ascension of Portugal to the status of a European and world power. The first act of expansion was the conquest of Ceuta in 1415 and was followed by the exploration, colonization and commerce exercised in Africa, Asia and Brazil. It also includes the height of the Portuguese Empire during the reign of Manuel I and the beginning of its decline during John III's reign. Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...


John III was succeeded in 1557 by his grandson Sebastian, who died, aged 24 and childless, in the Battle of Alcazarquivir. He was succeeded by his great-uncle Henry, aged 66, who, as a Catholic Cardinal, had no children either. Cardinal-King Henry died two years later and the struggle for the throne started between the different claimants, including Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, Philip II of Spain and Anthony, Prior of Crato. The Battle of Alcacer Quibir took place on August 4, 1578 by Alcazarquivir in Morrocco between the Portuguese army and the troops of the Moorish Sultan. ... Catarina, Duchess of Braganza (pron. ...


Anthony was acclaimed king in several cities around the country in 1580, 20 days before Philip II of Spain invaded Portugal and defeated the supporters of Anthony in the Battle of Alcântara. Although Anthony continued to "rule the country" from the Azores Islands until 1583, the date of 1580 is generally accepted as the end of the House of Aviz as a Portuguese Royal House. The last king of the House of Aviz is subject to debate, with only some historians accepting the period of 20 days between Anthony's acclamation and the Battle of Alcântara as the reign of Anthony I of Portugal. There were two Battles of Alcantara: Battle of Alcântara (1580) - Battle between Spanish invaders, lead by the Duke of Alva, and the Portuguese Army, during the Portuguese dinastic crisis of the 16th century. ... Portuguese) are an archipelago of Portuguese islands situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 km from Lisbon and about 3,900 km from the east coast of North America. ...

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor
11 (10) John I 1385 1433 João I (Portuguese) the Master of Avis (o Mestre de Avis),
the One of Good Memory (o de Boa Memória),
the Good (o Bom)
or the Great (o Grande)
illegitimate son of Peter I
12 (11) Edward 1433 1438 Duarte (Portuguese) the Eloquent (o Eloquente) or
the Philosopher-King (o Rei-Filósofo)
son of John I
13 (12) Afonso V 1438 1481 Alphonzo V (English),
Alphonse V (English),
Affonso V (Old Portuguese)
the African (o Africano) son of Edward
14 (13) John II 1481 1495 João II (Portuguese) the Perfect Prince (o Príncipe Perfeito)
or the Tyrant (o Tirano)
son of Afonso V

Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Detail of king John I of Portugal. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Painting of king Edward of Portugal. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... A painting of king Afonso V of Portugal. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Painting of king João II of Portugal. ...

House of Aviz-Beja

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
15 (14) Manuel I 1495 1521 Emmanuel I (English),
Manoel I (Old Portuguese)
the Fortunate (o Venturoso,
o Bem-Aventurado or o Afortunado)
first cousin and brother-in-law of John II
grandson of Edward
16 (15) John III 1521 1557 João III (Portuguese) the Pious (o Piedoso
or o Pio)
son of Manuel I
17 (16) Sebastian 1557 1578 Sebastião (Portuguese) the Desired (o Desejado) grandson of John III
18 (17) Cardinal Henry 1578 1580 Henrique (Portuguese) the Chaste (o Casto) or
the Cardinal-King (o Cardeal-Rei)
granduncle of Sebastian
younger son of Manuel I
19 (18) Anthony
(disputed)
1580 1581 António (Portuguese) the Prior of Crato (o Prior do Crato)
the Determined (o Determinado)
the Fighter (o Lutador)
the Independentist (o Independentista)
nephew of John III and Cardinal Henry
grandson of Manuel I

Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Painting of king Manuel I of Portugal. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Download high resolution version (651x992, 95 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Sebastian I, King of Portugal the Desired (in Portuguese, Sebastião I, pron. ... Picture of king Sebastian of Portugal. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Image File history File links Picture of Cardinal-King Henry of Portugal. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António) (Lisbon, 1531 – Paris, August 26, 1595), known by The Prior of Crato (and, rarely, as The Determined, The Fighter or The Independentist), was a grandson of Manuel I, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 crisis (struggle for the throne of Portugal... Pictures of Anthony I of Portugal, Prior of Crato, disputed 18th King of Portugal. ...

Portuguese House of Habsburg, or Philippine Dynasty, (1580-1640)

The Portuguese House of Habsburg is known in Portugal as the Philippine Dynasty after the three Spanish kings named Philip who ruled from 1580 to 1640. The dynasty began with the acclamation of Philip II of Spain as Philip I of Portugal in 1580, officially recognized in 1581 by the Cortes of Tomar. Philip I swore to rule Portugal as a kingdom separate from his Spanish domains, under the system known as a Personal Union; these promises were to be progressively forgotten by his successors. The Philippine House or House of Habsburg is the third dynasty of Kings of Portugal named after the three Spanish kings who ruled over Portugal from Madrid between 1580 and 1640. ... District or region Santarém Mayor   - Party António Paiva PSD Area 351. ...


Under Philip II, the Portuguese Empire began to fall apart due to the pressure from the enemies of Spain. Philip II and Philip III of Portugal did not rule by themselves, and had powerful Castilian validos (Castilian name for favourite prime-ministers).


Even if Portugal was ruled apart from the other realms of the Habsburgs in Madrid, by the Council of Portugal, exclusively by Portuguese nobles or by royal family ones, and kept his empire to himself, his own currency, his arms and flag, his taxes at the Castilian borderline, sometimes his own ambassadors, the Portuguese nobles remaining in Portugal feel they lost political and economic strength, differently from those Portuguese nobles staying at the court in Madrid, very rich and powerful. Especially after Castilian military support to Portuguese empire against Dutch occupation in northern Brazil showed to be a failure.


And when the Castilian valido Olivares, following Richelieu model in France, established a plan to unify the administration, military service, and taxes of all distinct monarchies of Philip III in Europe, not respectful of the Dual Monarchy between Lisbon and Madrid, the fact provoked a rising by the nobility in 1640, known after the 19th century by romantic historians as the Restoration of Independence (Portuguese: Restauração da Independência). In the 17th century and afterwards, it was simply known as the Acclamation War, as it simply restored in their stolen royal rights the House of Braganza, deposing a tyrant king, and acclaiming (or electing) another more suitable to the country, as it has been done already several times before in Portuguese history. The bloodless revolution began joyfully in Lisbon the 1st December 1640, and was soon supported throughout the country and its colonies, bringing Portugal to the Thirty Years War scene till peace was finally settled, after twenty eight years of War with Castile in Europe, and with Holland in Asia, America and Africa, in 1668. Olivares might refer to: Olivares, Spain, a municipality in Seville Gaspar de Guzman, conde de Olivares, a seventeenth-century Spanish statesman Olivares de Júcar, Spain, a municipality in Cuenca This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Portuguese Restoration War (Portuguese: guerras da restauração) is the war between Portugal and Spain after the revolt of December 1640. ... Restoration War may refer to: Boshin War or the Japanese Meiji Restoration War (1868–1869) Portuguese Restoration War (1640-1668). ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ...

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
20 (18 or 19) Philip I 1581 1598 Filipe I (in Portugal)
Felipe II (in Spain)
the Prudent (o Prudente) grandson of Manuel I
21 (19 or 20) Philip II 1598 1621 Filipe II (in Portugal)
Felipe III (in Spain)
the Cruel (o Cruel) (in Portugal)
the Pious (el Pio) (in Spain)
son of Philip I
22 (20 or 21) Philip III 1621 1640 Filipe III (in Portugal)
Felipe IV (in Spain)
the Oppressor (o Opressor) (in Portugal)
the Great (el Grande) (in Spain)
son of Philip II

Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories... This image is the most famous portrait of Philip II (1527-1598), with the emblem of the Golden Fleece and holding his rosary. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Image File history File links PhilipIIISpain. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Download high resolution version (716x900, 73 KB)Portrait of Philip IV 1652-53 Oil on canvas, 47 x 37,5 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna http://www. ...

House of Braganza, or Brigantine Dynasty (1640-1910)

Main articles: Portugal from the Restoration to the 1755 Earthquake, Portugal from the Napoleonic Invasions to the Civil War

The House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa de Bragança) traced its origins to 1442 when the Duchy of Braganza was created by the Regent, Infante Dom Pedro, Duke of Coimbra, and offered to his brother Afonso, Count of Barcelos, a natural son of John I. The royal lineage of dukes that followed married into the House of Aviz and became one of the most important noble families of the country. Infanta Catarina, granddaughter of Manuel I and Duchess of Braganza by marriage to John, 6th Duke of Braganza (himself the heir of the dynastic rights of Jaime, Duke of Braganza, acclaimed heir to the throne in 1495 by the Cortes), joined the two houses in 1565. In 1580, she was one of the claimants to the throne, but lost it by military force to Philip I of Habsburg. // The Restoration of Independece The war with Spain Olivenza and Ceuta Brazil Emigration Elevation of Brazil to Vice-Kingdom The Brazilian gold The opulent live of the royal family and nobility Absolutism in Portugal The decline of the Empire The Treaty of Methuen Marquis of Pombal Rise of Pombal Pombal... The History of Portugal from the Napoleonic Invasions to the Civil War is conturbate political period in which several important events occurred. ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ... The Duchy of Bragança or Braganza is one of the most important titles of the Portuguese Royal Family. ... Pedro, Duke of Coimbra Pedro, Infante of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra KG (pron. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461) was the eighth Count of Bracelos and the first Duke of Braganza. ... Catarina of Guimarães, Infanta of Portugal, Duchess consort of Braganza (pron. ... John I, 6th Duke of Braganza (1543-Vila Viçosa 1583). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1640, with the Restoration of Independence, John, grandson of Catarina and 8th Duke of Braganza, was acknowledged as the legitimate heir to the throne as the great great grandson of Manuel I. The fourth dynasty saw the growth of the importance of Brazilian gold, the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the Napoleonic invasion, the independence of Brazil and a civil war followed by Liberalism. This 1755 copper engraving shows the ruins of Lisbon in flames and a tsunami overwhelming the ships in the harbor. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ...


The growth of a republican movement during the end of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th culminated in the 1908 assassination of the second last King of Portugal, Carlos I. Two years later in 1910 the republican revolution forced Manuel II into exile, thus putting an end to the Portuguese fourth dynasty. The House of Braganza continues unofficially until today, and the title of Duke of Braganza is still used by Duarte Pio, the 24th Duke of Bragança and the presumptive heir to the throne of Portugal. Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza (Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael de Bragança; born May 15, 1945, Berne), pron. ...


House of Braganza

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
23 (21 or 22) John IV 1640 1656 João IV (Portuguese) the Restoring King (o Restaurador)
the Fortunate (o Afortunado)
great-great-grandson of Manuel I
24 (22 or 23) Afonso VI 1656 1667 Afonso VI (Portuguese),
Alphonse VI (English),
Affonso VI (Old Portuguese)
the Victorious (o Vitorioso) son of John IV
25 (23 or 24) Peter II 1667 1706 Pedro II (Portuguese) the Pacific (o Pacífico) brother of Afonso VI
younger son of John IV
26 (24 or 25) John V 1706 1750 João V (Portuguese) the Magnanimous (o Magnânimo)
the Magnific (o Magnífico)
the Portuguese Sun-King
(o Rei-Sol Português)
son of Peter II
27 (25 or 26) Joseph I 1750 1777 José I (Portuguese) the Reformer (o Reformador) son of John V
28 (26 or 27) Maria I
with Peter III
1777 1816 Mary I (English alternative)
and Pedro III (Portuguese)
the Pious (a Piedosa or a Pia)
the Mad (a Louca)
Maria I: daughter of Joseph I
Peter III: son of John V
29 (27 or 28) John VI 1816 1826 João VI (Portuguese) the Clement (o Clemente) son of Peter III and Maria I
30 (28 or 29) Pedro IV 1826 1826 Peter IV (English)
or Pedro I (in Brazil)
the Soldier-King (o Rei-Soldado)
the Emperor-King (o Rei-Imperador)
the Liberator (o Libertador)
son of John VI
31 (29 or 30) Maria II 1826 1828 Mary II (English alternative) the Educator (a Educadora)
the Good-Mother (a Boa-Mãe)
32 (30 or 31) Miguel (disputed) 1828 1834 Michael (English) the Traditionalist (o Tradicionalista),
the Usurper (o Usurpador)
or the Absolutist (o Absolutista)
the Absolut-King (o Rei Absoluto)
brother of Peter IV
younger son of John VI
- Maria II with
Ferdinand II
(from 1836)
1834 1853 Mary II (English alternative),
and Fernando II (Portuguese)
the Educator (a Educadora) Maria II: daughter of Peter IV

John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Picture of king John IV of Portugal. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Picture of king Afonso VI of Portugal. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Peter II of Portugal This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José), King of Portugal was born in Lisbon, on June 6, 1714. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Mary I Frances or Maria I Francisca (pron. ... Pedro III, King-consort of Portugal (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal Pedro I of Brazil, known as Dom Pedro (October 12, 1798 - September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazils first Emperor. ... Pic of emperor Peter I of Brazil. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Image File history File links Picture of Michael I of Portugal. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. ...

House of Braganza-Wettin (Saxe-Coburg & Gotha)

Main article: Portugal in the 19th century

With the marriage of Mary II, Queen of Portugal, to Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha during the 4th Dynasty, the House of Braganza continued in Portugal, as in this country is familiar with family names being passed by female lines. The surname Braganza continued to be present in all royals, and the Royal House was still known in Portugal as the House of Braganza. However, some foreign historians consider the existence of a House of Braganza-Wettin or House of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha. History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian...

# Name Started Ended Alternative names Epithet(s) Relationship with predecessor(s)
33 (31 or 32) Pedro V 1853 1861 Peter V (English) the Hopeful (o Esperançoso)
the Loved One (o Bem-Amado)
the Much Loved (o Muito Amado)
son of Ferdinand II and Maria II
34 (32 or 33) Luís I 1861 1889 Louis (English),
Luiz (Old Portuguese)
the Popular (o Popular)
the Good (o Bom)
brother of Pedro V
son of Ferdinand II and Maria II
35 (33 or 34) Carlos I 1889 1908 Charles (English) the Martyred (o Martirizado)
or the Diplomat (o Diplomata)
the Martyr (o Mártir)
the Oceanographer (o Oceanógrafo)
son of Luís I
36 (34 or 35) Manuel II 1908 1910 Emmanuel II (English),
Manoel II (Old Portuguese)
the Patriot (o Patriota)
the Unfortunate (o Desventurado)
the Scholar (o Estudioso) or
the Missed King (o Rei-Saudade)
son of Carlos I

The chronology of the heads of state of Portugal continues on Presidents of Portugal. Pedro V of Portugal (September 16, 1837 - November 11, 1861) was King of Portugal from 1853 to 1861. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Luis I, King of Portugal (October 31, 1838 – October 19, 1889) was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (514x800, 130 KB)Picture of king Luis I of Portugal. ... Carlos, King of Portugal (Eng. ... Image File history File links Carlos I of Portugal, second last king of the Iberian country. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ... Saudade (singular) or Saudades (plural) (pron. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ...


Style

During the history of Portuguese monarchy, the Portuguese kings used the following styles:

Time Style Used by Reason
1140–1189 By the Grace of God, King of the Portuguese
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugalensium)
Afonso I, Sancho I
1189–1191 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and Silves
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugalliæ et Silbis)
Sancho I Conquest of Silves (1189)
1191–1248 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugaliæ)
Sancho I, Afonso II, Sancho II Loss of Silves to the Almohads (1191)
1248–1249 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and Count of Boulogne
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugaliæ & Comes Boloniæ)
Afonso III Afonso, married to Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne-sur-Mer, succeeds his brother Sancho on the Portuguese throne (January 1248)
1249–1253 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve, Count of Boulogne
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugaliæ & Algarbii & Comes Boloniæ)
Afonso III Conquest of the Moorish kingdom of Algarve (Al'Garb Al'Andalus) (1249)
1253–1369 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve
(Dei Gratiæ, Rex Portugaliæ & Algarbii)
Afonso III, Denis, Afonso IV, Peter I, Ferdinand I Afonso III repudiates Matilda and relinquishes his title of Count (1253)
1369–1371 By the Grace of God, King of Castile, León, Portugal, Toledo, Galicia, Seville, Córdoba, Murcia, Jaén, the Algarve, Algeciras and Lord of Molina Ferdinand I Ferndinand I of Portugal is a pretender to the Castilian Crown, being a legitimate great-grandson of Sancho IV of Castile (1369)
1371–1383 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve Ferdinand I Renunciation of Castilian titles after the Peace of Alcoutim (1371)
1383–1385 By the Grace of God, King and Queen of Castile, León, Portugal, Toledo, Galicia, Seville, Cordoba, Murcia, Jaén, the Algarve, Algeciras and Lord and Lady of Biscay Beatrice & John I of Castile Beatrice of Portugal is a pretender to the Portuguese throne (1383)
1385–1415 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve John I Renunciation of Castilian titles after the defeat of John I of Castile at the Battle of Aljubarrota (1385)
1415–1458 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve, and Lord of Ceuta John I, Edward I, Afonso V Conquest of Ceuta (1415)
1458–1471 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarve, and Lord of Ceuta and Alcácer in Africa Afonso V Conquest of El Ksar as-Saghir (Alcácer-Ceguer) (1458)
1471–1475 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves[1], of either side of the sea in Africa Afonso V Conquest of Asilah and Tangiers (1471) and elevation of the Portuguese lordship in northern Africa to the condition of Kingdom of the Algarve Beyond the Sea
1475–1479 By the Grace of God, King of Castile, León, Portugal, Toledo, Galicia, Seville, Cordoba, Jaén, Murcia, the Algarves of either side of the sea in Africa, Gibraltar, Algeciras, and Lord of Biscay and Molina Afonso V Pretension of Afonso V to the Castilian Crown, due to his marriage with Juana, la Beltraneja (1475)
1479–1485 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa Afonso V, John II Renunciation of the Castilian titles after the Treaty of Alcáçovas (1479)
1485–1499 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, and Lord of Guinea John II, Manuel I Erection of Lordship of Guinea, with the Portuguese colonies on the Gulf of Guinea (1485)
1499–1580 By the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. Manuel I, John III, Sebastian, Henry, António, Prior of Crato After the return of Vasco da Gama from India, in 1499, the royal style is changed once more to the become the most magnificent
1580–1640 By the Grace of God, King of Castile, León, Aragon, Two Sicilies, Jerusalem, Portugal, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Majorca, Seville, Sardinia, Cordoba, Corsica, Murcia, Jaén, the Algarves, Algeciras, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, the Eastern & Western Indies, the Islands & Mainland of the Ocean sea, Count of Barcelona, Lord of Biscay and Molina, Duke of Athens and Neopatria, Count of Roussillon, Cerdagne, Margrave of Oristano and Goceano, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant and Milan, Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol, etc. Philip I, Philip II, Philip III During the Philippine dynasty, the style of the Spanish Crown is merged with that of Portugal
1640–1815 By the Grace of God, King/Queen of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. John IV, Afonso VI, Peter II, João V, Joseph I, Maria I (with Peter III) After the Restoration (1640), return to the old style adopted by Manuel I
1815–1825 By the Grace of God, King/Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. Maria I, John VI Elevation of Brazil as a kingdom inside the Portuguese Empire, thus making a United Kingdom (1815)
1825–1826 By the Grace of God, King/Queen of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. John VI, Pedro IV, Miguel I, Maria II (with Ferdinand II), Pedro V, Luís I, Carlos I, Manuel II After the recognition of the independence of Brazil by John VI (1825), return to the old style
1826 By the Grace of God and Unanimous Acclamation of the People, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. Pedro IV After the death of his father, Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, inherits the Portuguese throne, thus making a change once more in the royal title, until his abdication (1826)
1826–1910 By the Grace of God, King/Queen of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc. Maria II, Miguel I, Maria II (with Ferdinand II), Pedro V, Luís I, Carlos I, Manuel II After the abdication of Peter in favour of his daughter, return to the old style, until the collapse of the monarchy with the Portuguese First Republic (1910)

The style of address to the sovereign is as follows: In Christianity, divine grace refers to the sovereign favor of God for humankind, as manifest in the blessings bestowed upon all —irrespective of actions (deeds), earned worth, or proven goodness. ... Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Image:Silves. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Image:Silves. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer became the centre of the County of Boulogne in the 9th century. ... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Matilda II of Boulogne was sovereign Countess of Boulogne from 1216 to ca. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city and commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Pedro I of Portugal (pron. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of León, 1030 Capital León Language(s) Mainly Latin and Astur-Leonese. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ... ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... Molina is a Spanish and Italian name. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Statue of Sancho IV of Castile and León Sancho IV the Brave (1257/58 – April 25, 1295) was a king of Castile and León (1284 - 1295). ... Fernando I (pron. ... For other uses, see Biscay (disambiguation). ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... John I (August 24, 1358 – October 9, 1390) (in Spanish: Juan I) was the king of Castile, was the son of Henry II and of his wife Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. ... Belligerents Portugal with English allies Castile with Portuguese and French allies Commanders John I of Portugal Nuno Álvares Pereira John I of Castile Strength 6,500 men 31,000 men The Battle of Aljubarrota (pronounced ) took place on August 14, 1385, between the forces commanded by King John I of... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Alcácer Ceguer (also know as El Qsar es Seghir) was a moroccan stronghold in the Strait of Gibraltrar, between Tanger and Ceuta. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... Alcácer Ceguer (also know as El Qsar es Seghir) was a moroccan stronghold in the Strait of Gibraltrar, between Tanger and Ceuta. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... Asilah or Arzila is a city situated on the northwest tip of Morocco with a history back to 1500 B.C. The Phoenicians used the city as a trading site. ... Tangier (in Berber and Arabic Tanja, in Spanish Tánger and in French Tanger) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... Portrait of Joan the Beltraneja. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... The Treaty of Alcaçovas (also known as Treaty or Peace of Alcaçovas-Toledo) was signed between the kingdoms of Castile (Castilla, Spain) and Portugal on September 4, 1479 that put an end to the War of the Castilian Succession, a civil war begun in 1474 over the succession... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Map of the Gulf of Guinea, showing the chain of islands formed by the Cameroon line of volcanoes. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Sebastian I, King of Portugal the Desired (in Portuguese, Sebastião I, pron. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António, pron. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms The Kingdom of Aragon at its greatest extent, c. ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration... The kingdom of Jerusalem and the other Crusader states (in shades of green) in the context of the Near East in 1135. ... The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma) was a European state which occupied lands on either side of the Pyrenees alongside the Atlantic Ocean. ... The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Spain. ... History of Spain Series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History The Aragonese Empire was the regime... Majorca Kings Palace at Perpinyà The Kingdom of Majorca (also Kingdom of Mallorca) was created by James I of Aragon (Jaume I, The Conqueror) as a vassal kingdom of the Kingdom of Aragon. ... Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1839: Mainland Piedmont with Savoy, Nice, and Sardinia in the inset. ... Location Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... This article is about the islands in the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... The now-extinct title of Count of Barcelona was, through much of its history, merged with that of King of Aragon; see also List of Aragonese Monarchs. ... The Duchy of Athens was one of the Crusader States set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade. ... Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Neopatras The Duchy of Neopatria or of Neopatras was one of the Crusader States set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade. ... This is a list of the counts of Roussillon (see Roussillon): Carolingian counts Flag of Roussillon These counts were nominated by the Carolingian kings of France, of whom they were vassals. ... Cerdagne (Catalan: Cerdanya; French: Cerdagne; Spanish: Cerdaña) is a small region of the eastern Pyrenees divided between France and Spain and which is historically one of the counties of Catalonia. ... Oristano is a city and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... This is a list of margraves, dukes, archdukes, and emperors of Austria. ... Cross of Burgundy Flag The Duchy of Burgundy, today Bourgogne, has its origin in the small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Balds kingdom of West Franks. ... Coat of arms of Dukes of Brabant The Duchy of Brabant was formally erected in 1183/1184. ... This page lists rulers of Milan from the 13th century to the present. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Coat of arms of the Counts of Flanders (or a lion rampant sable, armed and langued gules). ... Coat of arms of Tyrol The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Philippines to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Maria I of Portugal (pron. ... Pedro III, King-consort of Portugal (pron. ... Portuguese Restoration War (Portuguese: guerras da restauração) is the war between Portugal and Spain after the revolt of December 1640. ... Maria I of Portugal (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarve was a monarchy consisting of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarve. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian...

Time
1139–c. 1433 Mercy (HM-YM)
c. 1433–1577 Highness (HH-YH)
1577–1578 Majesty (HM-YM)
1578–1580 Highness (HH-YH)
1580–1748 Majesty (HM-YM)
1748–1825 Most Faithful Majesty (HFM-YFM)
1825–1826 Imperial and Most Faithful Majesty (HI&RFM-YI&RFM)
1826–1910 Most Faithful Majesty (HFM-YFM)

For other uses, see Mercy (disambiguation). ... Highness, often used with a personal possessive pronoun (His/Her/Your Highness, the first two abbreviated HH) is an attribute referring to the rank of the dynasty (such as Royal Highness, Imperial Highness) in an address. ... Look up majesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Majesty is an English word rooting in the Latin Maiestas, meaning literally, Greatness. ... Highness, often used with a personal possessive pronoun (His/Her/Your Highness, the first two abbreviated HH) is an attribute referring to the rank of the dynasty (such as Royal Highness, Imperial Highness) in an address. ... Look up majesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Majesty is an English word rooting in the Latin Maiestas, meaning literally, Greatness. ... The sobriquet Most faithful king (Rex Fidelissimus) was a title awarded by the Pope as head of the Catholic Church to a monarch. ... The sobriquet Most faithful king (Rex Fidelissimus) was a title awarded by the Pope as head of the Catholic Church to a monarch. ... The sobriquet Most faithful king (Rex Fidelissimus) was a title awarded by the Pope as head of the Catholic Church to a monarch. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Note that when refering to the Algarves, in the plural, the title refers not only to the Algarve, but also to the Portuguese possessions in North Africa (Ceuta, Alcácer Ceguer (El Qsar es Seghir), Arzila (Asilah), Tangier, Mazagan (El Jadida), Ouadane, Safim (Safi), Santa Cruz do Cabo de Gué (Agadir), Mogador (Essaouira), Aguz (Souira Guedima) and Azamor (Azemmour)), thus adding the descriptive "of either side of the sea in Africa".

Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Alcácer Ceguer (also know as El Qsar es Seghir) was a moroccan stronghold in the Strait of Gibraltrar, between Tanger and Ceuta. ... Asilah or Arzila is a city situated on the northwest tip of Morocco with a history back to 1500 B.C. The Phoenicians used the city as a trading site. ... For other uses, see Tangier (disambiguation). ... The medina of El Jadida El Jadida fortified town. ... Asfi (french Safi) is a city located in western Morocco, by the Atlantic Ocean. ... Panorama of the seaside from the kasbah Agadir (Arabic: أكادير, Berber (Amazigh): ) is a city in southwest Morocco, capital of the Souss-Massa-Dra region. ... Essaouira (Arabic: , eá¹£-á¹£auÄ«rah; formerly known as Mogador, its old Portuguese name) is a city and tourist resort in Morocco, on the Atlantic coast. ... Souira Guedima, formerly known as Aguz, is a Moroccan town. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

See also

Portugal Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... This is a collection of family trees concerning the Portuguese Royal family. ... Troughout its History, the Portuguese monarchy has had only two queens regnant: Maria I and Maria II of Portugal (and, arguably, Beatrice for a short period of time in the 14th century). ... Portugal is a European nation whose origins go back to the Early Middle Ages. ... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ... These are lists of incumbents, i. ...

Sources

  • Sousa, D. António Caetano de [1735-49] (1946). História Genealógica da Casa Real Portuguesa (in Portuguese). Coimbra: Atlântida-Livraria Eds.. OCLC 20210378. 
  • Jiří Louda & Michael Maclagan (1981), "Portugal", in Lines of Succession. Heraldry of the Royal families of Europe, London, Orbis Publishing, pp. 228-237. ISBN 0-85613-672-7. (revised and updated edition by Prentice Hall College Div - November 1991. ISBN 0028972554.)
  • Luís Amaral & Marcos Soromenho Santos (2002), Costados do Duque de Bragança, Lisboa, Guarda-Mor Edições.
  • Afonso Eduardo Martins Zuquete (dir.)(1989), Nobreza de Portugal e Brasil, vol. I, Lisboa, Editorial Enciclopédia.

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

External links

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Portuguese monarchs
  • The Royal House of Portugal
  • Kings of Portugal genealogy in a Portuguese genealogical site
The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Sancho I, King of Portugal (pron. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Pedro I of Portugal (pron. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Infanta Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese (pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Sebastian I, King of Portugal the Desired (in Portuguese, Sebastião I, pron. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Afonso VI, King of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Maria I of Portugal (pron. ... Pedro III, King-consort of Portugal (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was king consort to Maria II of Portugal from their marriage in 1836 to her death in 1853. ... Capitals Coburg and Gotha Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg and Gotha or Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luís I, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG pron. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II, King of Portugal KG GCVO (pron. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of Portuguese monarchs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1705 words)
This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from León in 1128-29 to the proclamation of the Republic in October 5, 1910.
With the Portuguese victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385 John I, half-brother of Ferdinand and natural son of Pedro I, was acclaimed King.
The dynasty began with the acclamation of Philip II of Spain as Philip I of Portugal in 1580, officially recognized in 1581 in the Cortes of Tomar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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