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Encyclopedia > List of unrecognised countries

Several geo-political entitites in the world have no general international recognition, but they are de facto sovereign states. Most are subnational regions with an ethno-national identity of its own that have "broken off" (i.e. separated themselves) from their original parent state, and hence they are commonly referred to as "break-away" states. Some of these entities are in effect internally self-governing protectorates that enjoy military protection and informal diplomatic representation abroad through another state to prevent its forced reincorporation into its original state. De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Look up Sovereign in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. ... The term state may refer to: a sovereign political entity, see state unitary state nation state a non-sovereign political entity, see state (non-sovereign). ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... For publications of this name, see also Nation (disambiguation) A nation is a community of people who live together in an area (or, more broadly, of their descendants who may now be dispersed); and who regard themselves, or are regarded by others, as sharing some common identity, to which certain... Political separatism is a movement to obtain sovereignty and split a territory or group of people (usually a people with a distinctive national consciousness) from one another (or one nation from another; a colony from the metropolis). ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government/anarchy, and possessing internal and external and even in your pantssovereignty. ... Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ...

Contents


Unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory

  • Somaliland Somaliland (since 1991). Located in northwest Somalia. In May of 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes five of the eighteen administrative regions of Somalia, roughly the region between Ethiopia, Djibouti and the Gulf of Aden.
  • South Ossetia South Ossetia in Georgia is a self-declared and more or less functioning independent state with no international recognition from any other nation. It had found itself merged with Georgia as a result of the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920. It proclaimed independence from Georgia in 1991, and a ceasefire was declared in 1992.
  • Southwestern Somalia (since 2002).
  • Tamil Eelam is (since 1983) a de facto independent nation located in the Northern and Eastern portions of the island of Sri Lanka. Though control of the area is held exclusively by a coalition of Tamil militias, Tamil Eelam is unrecognized.
  • Transnistria Transnistria is the part of Moldova east of the river Dniestr and (since 1990) a self-declared and more or less functioning independent state with no international recognition from any other nation. It has a majority Slavic population, as opposed to majority Romanian which Moldova has.
  • Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was set up in northern Cyprus after the invasion by Turkey in 1974. It was proclaimed the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus in 1975. This state later unilaterally declared independence under the current name in 1983. It is recognized so far only by Turkey.

Note: The civil war in Somalia has left no centralized organization governing the entire country. Somaliland in north-western Somalia is a self-declared and more or less functioning independent state with no international recognition from any other nation. Puntland and Southwestern Somalia have much less political and economic cohesion, and have not declared to be sovereign state. Likewise, Tamil Eelam (தமிழ் ஈழம்), located in the Northern and Eastern portions of the island of Sri Lanka, has not established itself as a state although a de facto independent since 1983. Control of the area is held exclusively by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. Image File history File links Flag_of_Abkhazia. ... Abkhazia (Abkhaz Аҧсны/Aphsny, Georgian აფხაზეთი/Apkhazeti, Russian Абха́зия/Abkhazia) is a region of 8,600 km² (3,300 sq. ... The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Location of North Solomons (Bougainville) Province in Papua New Guinea This article is about the island; Bougainville is also the name of a commune in the Somme département of France. ... This article is about the year. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... The Chinese Civil War (Traditional: 國共内戰; Simplified: 国共内战; Hanyu Pinyin: ; literally Nationalist-Communist Civil War) was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Chinas seat in the United Nations has been occupied by the Peoples Republic of China since November 23, 1971. ... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... // International disputes The political status of the Republic of China on Taiwan is itself controversial and described in political status of Taiwan. ... The Taipei Economic and Cultural Office (TECO), sometimes known as Taipei Representative Offices, are de facto embassies and consulates of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in countries that do not have official relations with the ROC because of relations with the Peoples Republic of China, but have nevertheless established... Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is a controversy over whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Motto: None Anthem: Somalian National Anthem Capital Garowe Largest city Official languages Somali Government • President • Vice-President • Mohamud Muse Hersi • Hasan Dahir Independence  - Declared  - Recognition From Somalia 1998 none Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   ~250,000 km² (not ranked) Negl. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Garōwe, also spelled Garoowe and Garowe, is the capital city of Puntland, Somalia. ... Nugaal is a region (gobolka) in northern Somalia. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somaliland. ... Motto: Freedom, Democracy and Success for All Anthem: Samo ku waar Samo ku waar Saamo ku waar Capital Hargeisa Largest city Hargeisa Official languages Somali Government President republic Dahir Riyale Kahin Independence  - Declared  - Recognition From Somalia  - 1991  - none Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   137,600 km² (-) n/a Population  â€¢ 2005 est. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gulf of Aden is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Ossetia. ... Official language Ossetian Capital Tskhinvali President Eduard Djabeevich Kokoity Prime Minister Igor Viktorovich Sanakoyev Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  3,900 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density (2004)  70,000 (approx)  18/km² Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Georgia  â€“ November 28, 1991  â€“ none Currency Russian... The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1922. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Southwestern Somalia is allegedly supposed to be an autonomous self-proclaimed state in Somalia founded by Hassan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud a notorious warlord, on April 1, 2002. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Tamil-elam. ... Map of the districts of Sri Lanka claimed by Eelam. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of the districts of Sri Lanka claimed by Eelam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Transnistria. ... Motto: none Anthem: Anthem of Transnistria Capital Tiraspol Largest city Tiraspol Official languages Moldovan, Russian and Ukrainian Government President Parliamentary Republic Igor Smirnov Recognition Independence Recognition From Moldova none September 2, 1990 none Area  â€¢ Water (%) 3,567 km²  0% Population 555,500 (2004 est). ... The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... This article is about the year. ... The Slavic peoples are defined by their linguistic attainment of the Slavic languages. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Official language Turkish Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) (35°10′28″N, 33°21′25″E) Founder Rauf DenktaÅŸ President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer House Speaker Fatma EkenoÄŸlu Area  - Total  - % water 3,355 km² 2. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Freedom, Democracy and Success for All Anthem: Samo ku waar Samo ku waar Saamo ku waar Capital Hargeisa Largest city Hargeisa Official languages Somali Government President republic Dahir Riyale Kahin Independence  - Declared  - Recognition From Somalia  - 1991  - none Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   137,600 km² (-) n/a Population  â€¢ 2005 est. ... Motto: None Anthem: Somalian National Anthem Capital Garowe Largest city Official languages Somali Government • President • Vice-President • Mohamud Muse Hersi • Hasan Dahir Independence  - Declared  - Recognition From Somalia 1998 none Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   ~250,000 km² (not ranked) Negl. ... Southwestern Somalia is allegedly supposed to be an autonomous self-proclaimed state in Somalia founded by Hassan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud a notorious warlord, on April 1, 2002. ... Map of the districts of Sri Lanka claimed by Eelam. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Partially recognized states largely under military occupation

Belligerent military occupation, occurs when one nations military garrisons occupy all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent during an invasion (during or after a war). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب Ê»arab) are a large and heterogenous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Proposals for a Palestinian state vary depending on ones views of Palestinian statehood, as well as various definitions of Palestine and Palestinian (see also State of Palestine). ... The West Bank The Gaza Strip The term Palestinian territories is used by many journalists as a collective name for the West Bank and the Gaza Strip — two territories in Palestine. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Sahara. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Saharawi (or Sahrawi) Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) is the long-form English translation of the government of Western Sahara (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الدمقرطية, Spanish: República Arabe Saharaui Democrática). ... Western Sahara is claimed and administered by Morocco since Spain abandoned the territory in 1975-76, but sovereignty is unresolved and the United Nations is attempting to hold a referendum on the issue through the mission MINURSO. A UN-administered cease-fire has been in effect since September 1991. ... Anthem: Let us all unite and celebrate together Official languages The African languages, as well as Arabic, Swahili, English, French and Portuguese Some member states have other official languages. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. ... Main articles: League of Nations & History of the United Nations The term United Nations was coined by Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II, to refer to the Allies. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... MINURSO is a UN peacekeeping mission, established in 1991 to monitor the ceasefire and to organize and conduct a referendum which would enable the people of Western Sahara to choose between integration with Morocco and independence. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // The United Nations maintains a list of territories that do not govern themselves. ...

Internationally administered territory

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... Kosovo (Serbian: Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija, Albanian: Kosovë / Kosova) is a province of Serbia. ... The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Historic unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory

Europe

Banat Republic in 1918 The Banat Republic was proclaimed in Timisoara, on October 31, 1918, as the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Serb-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic was proclaimed on August 14, 1921. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Carpatho-Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Karpats’ka Ukrayina) was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to March 15, 1939. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 78th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th - est. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Crimea /kraɪˈmia/ is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... During World War II, in April 1941, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was invaded. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Gagauzia (or Gagauz-Yeri) is an autonomous region within Moldova, located along the southern border with Ukraine, inhabited by the Gagauz, a Turkic people who are ethnically and culturally distinct from other Moldovans. ... This article is about the year. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Coat of Arms of Herzeg-Bosnia Flag of Herzeg-Bosnia The Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia (locally Hrvatska Republika Herceg-Bosna) was an unrecognized entity in present day Bosnia and Herzegovina existing between 1991 and 1994 as a result of secessionist politics during the Bosnian War. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Lajtabansag State (Hungarian: Lajtabánság) was a short lived Hungarian state in the territory of nowadays Burgenland after the Treaty of Trianon after the Hungarian Army left the territory but before the Austrian annexation. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Coat of Arms of the Republic of Serbian Krajina Flag of the Republic of Serbian Krajina The Republic of Serbian Krajina (Republika Srpska Krajina, Република Српска Крајина, RSK) was an internationally unrecognized Serbian republic in Croatia. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital de jure Sarajevo de facto Banja Luka Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  24,811 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  1,411,000  60/km² Ethnic groups (2005 est. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Croatian: Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba, Serbian: Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba or Држава Словенаца, Хрвата и Срба, Slovenian: Država Slovencev, Hrvatov in Srbov) was a short-lived state formed from the southernmost parts of the... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Republic of Užice was a short-lived state that existed in Autumn of 1941 in the western part of Nazi-occupied Serbia. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Coat of Arms of Western Bosnia Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia existed in the territory of present day Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1993 and 1995 as a result of secessionist politics during the Bosnian War. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Asia

Kachin State (Jingphaw Mungdan), is the northernmost state of Myanmar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Manchukuo (1932 to 1945) (Simplified: 满洲国; Traditional: 滿洲國; Hanyu Pinyin: ) was a former country in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia under the leadership of the Emperor Pu Yi, who had also been the last emperor of Qing Dynasty. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) is a leap year starting on Friday. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Tuva Republic (Russian: ; Tuvan: Тыва Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... National motto: none Official language Azerbaijani Capital Nakhichevan (city) Head of State Ilham Aliyev Parliamentary Chairman Vagif Talybov Area  - Total  - % water 5,500 km² negligible Population  - Total 310,000 Establishment  - Declared  - Recognition 1991 recognized internationally only as part of Azerbaijan Currency Azerbaijani Manat Time zone  - in summer EET (UTC+4... This article is about the year. ... The Kurdish Autonomous Region (Başûrê Kurdistanê in Kurdish) is a political entity established in 1970 following the agreement of an Autonomy Accord between the government of Iraq and leaders of the Iraqi Kurdish community. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...

Africa

island in the Comoros. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... National motto: Peace, Unity, Freedom Official language Igbo, English Capital Enugu Largest city Port Harcourt Head of State Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Chief of General Staff (VP) Philip Effiong Area ?- Total ?- % water Population;- Total 13,500,000 (1967) Currency Biafran pound (BIAP) Created May 30, 1967 Dissolved January 15, 1970 National... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Flag of Bophuthatswana Bophuthatswana was a former Bantustan (homeland) in the north of South Africa. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... Ciskei Flag of Ciskei Ciskei was a Bantustan in the south east of South Africa. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... Jubaland (also Jubbaland, Trans-Juba, It: Oltre Giuba) is the southwesternmost part of Somalia, on the far side of the Jubba River (thus the trans- name), bordering on Kenya. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Southwestern Somalia is allegedly supposed to be an autonomous self-proclaimed state in Somalia founded by Hassan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud a notorious warlord, on April 1, 2002. ... Capital Lubumbashi Created June 1960 Dissolved January 1963 Demonym Katangan Currency Katanga franc Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville). ... The Belgian Congo was the formal title of present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) between King Léopold IIs formal relinquishment of personal control over the state to Belgium on 15 November, 1908, to the dawn of Congolese independence on 30 June, 1960. ... Decolonization generally refers to a movement following the Second World War in which the various European colonies of the world were granted independence. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Map of Moheli Moheli, also known as Mohéli or Mwali, is one of the three islands which make up the nation of Comoros. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... National motto: Sit Nomine Digna (Latin: May she be worthy of the name} Official language English Capital Salisbury Political system Parliamentary system Form of government Republic - Last President John Wrathall - Prime Minister Ian Smith Area  - Total  - % water 390 580 km² 1% Population  - 1978 est. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Zimbabwe Rhodesia was the (largely unrecognised) name of Zimbabwe during 1979, adopted by Rhodesia soon after an Internal Settlement between the white minority Rhodesian Government led by Ian Smith and small, moderate African nationalist parties not involved in the war that had been raging in the country since 1977. ... The poverty-stricken but beautiful Transkei — which roughly means the area beyond the Kei River — is situated in what is now part of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, bordered by the Umtavuma River in the north and the Great Kei River in the south, while the Indian Ocean... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... Venda was a bantustan in northern South Africa, now part of Limpopo province. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ... Zimbabwe Rhodesia was the (largely unrecognised) name of Zimbabwe during 1979, adopted by Rhodesia soon after an Internal Settlement between the white minority Rhodesian Government led by Ian Smith and small, moderate African nationalist parties not involved in the war that had been raging in the country since 1977. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...

America

Acre is a state of Brazil, located in the north-western part of the country. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A replica of the first Bear Flag now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861 until captured... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... State nickname: Palmetto State Official languages English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Senators Lindsey Graham (R) Jim DeMint (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 6 Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012,012 51. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... State nickname: Sunshine State Official languages English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Senators Bill Nelson (D) Mel Martinez (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 22nd 170,451 km² 17. ... State nickname: Camellia State, The Heart of Dixie¹, Yellowhammer State Official languages English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Governor Bob Riley (R) Senators Richard Shelby (R) Jeff Sessions (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 30th 52,423 mi²/135,775 km² 3. ... ... State nickname: Pelican State Official languages English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last official government census, but probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Senators Mary Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 16 Population  - Total... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... The President of the United States (unofficially abbreviated “POTUS”) is the head of state of the United States. ... Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808–December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician, most famous for serving as the first and only President of the Confederate States, leading the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... State nickname: Old Dominion Official languages English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Tim Kaine (D-Governor Elect) Senators John Warner (R) George Allen (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 7. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Official languages English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Senators Bill Frist (R) Lamar Alexander (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 2. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State; Old North State Official languages English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley (D) Senators Elizabeth Dole (R) Richard Burr (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 9. ... Official language English de facto nationwide also Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos (1836) Harrisburg (1836) Galveston (1836) Velasco (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Largest city Houston, Texas Presidents David G. Burnet, Sam Houston, Mirabeau B. Lamar, Anson Jones Area 261... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of Vermont Republic Vermont Republic was an independent republic that existed from 1777 until it became the state of Vermont—the 14th state of the United States of America—in 1791. ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Piratini Republic was a separatist state that existed from 1836 to 1845 in what is now the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Rio Grande do Sul (English: Great River of the South) is the southernmost state of Brazil. ...

Oceania

  • Rotuma (1987-1988). This Polynesian-inhabited island which is administed by (Melanesian) Fiji declared its independence from Fiji by separatists after the military coups in Fiji in 1987. It did not have any substantive support.

Rotuma - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Rotuma (including the islands of Hatana, Hofliua, Rotuma, Solkope, Solnohu and Uea) are volcanic islands of approximately 43 square kilometers, located at 12°35′ S 177°10′ E, approximately 465 kilometers north of Fiji. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Historic unrecognized governments with de facto control over their territory

These governments had control over the territory of a recognized state:

The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was the name given the nation of Afghanistan by the Taliban during their rule, from 1996 to 2001. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... // History of Afghanistan Afghanistans history, internal political development, foreign relations, and very existence as an independent state have largely been determined by its geographic location at the crossroads of Central, West, and South Asia. ... The Peoples Republic of Kampuchea, The Vietnamese Occupation On January 10, 1979, the Vietnamese installed Heng Samrin as head of state in the new Peoples Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leadership during their period in power. ... Democratic Kampuchea was the official name of Cambodia under the government of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge party from 1975 until 1979. ...

See also


 
 

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