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Encyclopedia > List of treaties

This is a chronological list of international treaties, historic agreements, peaces, edicts, pacts, etc. Single European Act A treaty is a binding agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely states and international organizations. ... An edict is an announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism. ...

Contents

Before 1300 CE

Year Name Summary
c. 1283 BC "Ramses-Hattusili Treaty" Treaty between the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II and the Hittite monarch Hattusili III after the Battle of Kadesh.[1][2][3]
c. 450 BC Peace of Callias Ends the Persian Wars.
421 BC Peace of Nicias Athens and Sparta end the first phase of the Peloponnesian War.
387 BC Peace of Antalcidas Sets the boundaries of Greek and Persian territory.
272231 BC Edicts of Ashoka Establishes a record on the expansion of Buddhism.
205 BC Treaty of Phoenice Ends the First Macedonian War.
196 BC Treaty of Tempea Ends the Second Macedonian War.
188 BC Treaty of Apamea Between the Roman Republic and Antiochus III (the Great), ruler of the Seleucid Empire.
85 BC Treaty of Dardanos Ends the First Mithridatic War.
301 Edict on Maximum Prices[4] Diocletian attempts to reform the roman tax system and stabilize the imperial coinage system.
313 Edict of Milan The Roman Empire ends its government-sanctioned persecution of Christians.
587 Treaty of Andelot[5] Between Frankish rulers Guntram and Brunhilda; Guntram adopts Brunhilda's son Childebert II.
614615 Edict of Paris Attempts to establish order by standardizing the appointment process for public officials across the realm of the Franks.
628 Treaty of Hudaybiyyah Between Muslims and the Quraish.
651 The Bakt Between Nubia and Egypt.
803 Pax Nicephori Peace between Charlemagne and the Byzantine Empire; recognizes Venice as Byzantine territory.
811 Treaty of Heiligen Sets the southern boundary of Denmark at the Eider River.
836 Pactum Sicardi Peace between the Duchy of Naples and the Principality of Salerno under Sicard.
843 Treaty of Verdun Partitions the Carolingian Empire.
864 Edict of Pistres Charles the Bald attempts to thwart Viking raids on French territories.
870 Treaty of Mersen Further partitions the Carolingian Empire.
878890 Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum Between Alfred of Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia.
911 Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte Charles the Simple grants Normandy to rollo.
921 Treaty of Bonn West Francia and East Francia both recognize each other.
1004 Shanyuan Treaty Establishes relations between the Northern Song and Liao Dynasties.
1018 Peace of Bautzen Between Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Duke Bolesław I the Brave of Poland.
1059 Treaty of Melfi Pope Nicholas II recognizes Norman influence in southern Italy.
1080 Treaty of Ceprano Pope Gregory VII establishes an alliance with Robert Guiscard and recognizes his conquests.
1091 Treaty of Caen Ends rivalry between William II of England and Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy.
1101 Treaty of Alton Robert Curthose recognizes Henry I as King of England.
1108 Treaty of Devol The Principality of Antioch becomes a nominal vassal of the Byzantine Empire.
1123 Pactum Warmundi The crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem allies with Venice.
1139 Treaty of Mignano Roger II of Sicily recognised as king by the legitimate Pope Innocent II.
1141 Treaty of Shaoxing Ends conflicts between the Jin Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty.
1143 Treaty of Zamora Recognises Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of Leon and Castile.
1151 Treaty of Tudilén[6] Recognises the conquests of the Crown of Aragon south of the Júcar and recognises future conquests in Murcia.
1153 Treaty of Wallingford[7] Officially ends The Anarchy between Empress Matilda and her cousin Stephen of England.
Treaty of Constance[8] Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Pope Eugene III agree to defend Italy against Manuel I Comnenus.
1156 Treaty of Benevento Peace between the Papacy and the Kingdom of Sicily.
1165 Auld Alliance Scotland, France and Norway forge the first treaty for mutual self-defence.
1175 Treaty of Windsor Between King Henry II of England and the last High King of Ireland, Rory O'Connor during Norman expansion in Ireland.
1177 Treaty of Venice[9] Peace between the Papacy, the Lombard League, the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa.
1179 Treaty of Cazorla[10] Defines the zones of conquest in Andalusia between Aragon and Castile.
1183 Peace of Constance[11] Peace between the Lombard League and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa. Reaffirms the Peace of Venice.
1192 Treaty of Ramla Ends the Third Crusade.
1209 Treaty of Speyer Otto IV renounces the Concordat of Worms.
1217 Treaty of Lambeth Between Prince Louis of France and Henry III.
1229 Treaty of Paris Officially ends the Albigensian Crusade.
1230 Treaty of San Germano Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II restores Sicily to Pope Gregory IX.
Treaty of Ceprano Establishes lines of reconciliation between Pope Gregory IX and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.
1237 Treaty of York Establishes a border between England and Scotland.
1244 Treaty of Almizra[12] Establishes the borders of the Kingdom of Valencia.
1245 Al-Azraq Treaty Between the King Jaime I of Aragon and the Muslim commander Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir.
1258 Treaty of Corbeil Establishes a border between France and the Crown of Aragon.
1259 Treaty of Paris[13] Between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England.
1266 Dictum of Kenilworth Ends hostilities between the supporters of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Henry III of England; comes into effect in 1267.
Treaty of Perth Terms of sovereignty over the Western Isles agreed between Norway and Scotland.
1267 Treaty of Montgomery Henry III of England acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffydd's title as the 'Prince of Wales'.
Treaty of Viterbo Grants Charles I of Anjou claims to the defunct Latin Empire.
1271 Peace of Pressburg[14] Ends war between Bohemia and Hungary.
1277 Treaty of Aberconwy Between King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of Wales.
1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden Duke Rudolph II of Austria surrenders power to his older brother Albert I of Germany.
12891290 Treaty of Birgham Attempts to end competing claims between the House of Balliol and the House of Bruce for the Scottish throne; never comes into effect.
1291 Treaty of Tarascon Ends the Aragonese Crusade.
1295 Treaty of Anagni Reaffirms the Treaty of Tarascon, but fails to diplomatically settle the Sicilian question.

Era Vulgaris redirects here. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... Centuries: 14th century BC - 13th century BC - 12th century BC Decades: 1330s BC 1320s BC 1310s BC 1300s BC 1290s BC - 1280s BC - 1270s BC 1260s BC 1250s BC 1240s BC 1230s BC Events and trends 1285 BC - Battle of Kadesh: Ramesses II, Pharaoh of Egypt is almost defeated by... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... Usermaatre-setepenre The Justice of Re is Powerful, Chosen of Re Nomen Ramesses (meryamun) Born of Re, (Beloved of Amun) Horus name Kanakht Merymaa Nebty name Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Horus Userrenput-aanehktu Consort(s) Isetnofret, Nefertari Maathorneferure Issues Bintanath, Khaemweset, Merneptah, Amun-her-khepsef Meritamen Father Seti I Mother Queen Tuya... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite empire was... Hattusili III was a king of the Hittite empire (New kingdom) 1265 BC–1235 BC. He was the commander of Hittite forces in 1274 BC that defeated an Egyptian campign into Syria in the famous Battle of Kadesh. ... Combatants New Kingdom of Egypt Hittite Empire Commanders Ramesses II Muwatalli Strength ca. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC - 450s BC - 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC Years: 455 BC 454 BC 453 BC 452 BC 451 BC - 450 BC - 449 BC 448 BC... The Peace of Callias was established around 449 BC between the Delian League (led by Athens) and Persia, ending the Persian Wars. ... The Greco-Persian Wars or Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Greek world and the Persian Empire that started about 500 BC and lasted until 448 BC. The term can also refer to the continual warfare of the Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire against the Parthians and... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 426 BC 425 BC 424 BC 423 BC 422 BC - 421 BC - 420 BC 419 BC... The Peace of Nicias was a peace treaty that was signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in 421 BC, ending the first half of the Peloponnesian War. ... Athens (Greek Αθήνα Athína) is the capital and largest city of Greece. ... Sparta (Doric: Spárta, Attic: SpártÄ“) is a city in southern Greece. ... Combatants Delian League led by Athens Peloponnesian League led by Sparta Commanders Pericles, Cleon, Nicias, Alcibiades Archidamus II, Brasidas, Lysander The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an Ancient Greek military conflict, fought between Athens and their empire and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC - 380s BC - 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC Years: 392 BC 391 BC 390 BC 389 BC 388 BC - 387 BC - 386 BC 385 BC... Antalcidas was a Spartan soldier and diplomatist. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Pyrrhus of Epirus is killed in a street fight in Argos. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC - 230s BC - 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC Years: 236 BC 235 BC 234 BC 233 BC 232 BC - 231 BC - 230 BC 229 BC... The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of 33 inscriptions on the Pillars of Ashoka, as well as boulders and cave walls, made by the Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty during his reign from 272 to 231 BCE. These inscriptions are dispersed throughout the areas of modern-day Pakistan... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, which is also a philosophy and a system of psychology. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 210 BC 209 BC 208 BC 207 BC 206 BC - 205 BC - 204 BC 203 BC... The Treaty of Phoenice, a treaty endding the First Macedonian War and drawn up at Phoenice, in 205 BC. This article is a stub. ... The First Macedonian War (215 BC - 205 BC) was fought by Rome, allied (after 211 BC) with the Aetolian League and Attalus I of Pergamon, against Philip V of Macedon, contemporaneously with the Second Punic War against Carthage. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 201 BC 200 BC 199 BC 198 BC 197 BC - 196 BC - 195 BC 194 BC... The Treaty of Tempea put the end of the Second Macedonian War (200 BC – 196 BC) between the Roman republic and Philip V of Macedon. ... The Second Macedonian War (200–196 BC) was fought between Macedon, led by Philip V of Macedon and Rome, allied with Pergamon and Rhodes. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC - 180s BC - 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC Years: 193 BC 192 BC 191 BC 190 BC 189 BC - 188 BC - 187 BC 186 BC... The Treaty of Apamea of 188 BC, between the Roman Republic and Antiochus III (the Great) had to give Romans control over the west side of Anatolia and placed under the control of a client king at Pergamum. ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Silver coin of Antiochus III Antiochus III the Great, (ruled 223 - 187 BC), younger son of Seleucus II Callinicus, became ruler of the Seleucid kingdom as a youth of about eighteen in 223 BC. (His traditional designation, the Great, stems from a misconception of Megas Basileus (Great king), the traditional... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 90 BC 89 BC 88 BC 87 BC 86 BC - 85 BC - 84 BC 83 BC 82... The Treaty of Dardanos (85 BC) was a Roman treaty after the First Mithridatic War. ... The First Mithridatic War was fought between the Roman Republic and Mithridates VI Eupator Dionysius, the king of Pontus. ... Events September 3 - The republic of San Marino is established (traditional date). ... The Edict on Maximum Prices (also known as the Edict on Prices or the Edict of Diocletian; in Latin Edictum De Pretiis Rerum Venalium) was issued in 301 by Roman Emperor Diocletian. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus ( 245– 312), born Diocles (Greek Διοκλής) and known in English as Diocletian,[1] was Roman Emperor from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... February - Wtf is up mah cracka??. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan, ending all persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire. ... The Edict of Milan (313) declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially ending all government-sanctioned persecution, especially of Christianity. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Events End of the Nan Liang Dynasty in China. ... Guntram and Childebert II, from the Grandes Chroniques de France. ... The following list of Frankish Kings is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Guntram I(c. ... In Norse mythology, Brünnehilde was a shieldmaiden and a Valkyrie. ... Childebert II (570-595) was the king of Austrasia from 575 until his death in 595, the eldest and succeeding son of Sigebert I, and the king of Burgundy from 592 to his death, as the adopted and succeeding son of his uncle Guntram. ... Events The Persian Empire under general Shahrbaraz captures and sacks Jerusalem; the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is damaged by fire and the True Cross is captured. ... Events The Edict of Paris grants extensive rights to the Frankish nobility. ... The Edict of Paris of Clotaire II, the Merovingian king of the Franks, promulgated October 18, 614 (or perhaps 615), is one of the most important royal instruments of the Merovingian period in French history and a hallmark in the history of the development of the French monarchy. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... Events Khusro II of Persia overthrown Pippin of Landen becomes Mayor of the Palace Brahmagupta writes the Brahmasphutasiddhanta Births Deaths Empress Suiko of Japan Theodelinda, queen of the Lombards Categories: 628 ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Quraish (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) is the Meccan tribe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged to before he received the revelations of Islam. ... Events End of Yazdegard IIIs attempts to drive out the Saracens. ... The bakt or baqt was a treaty between the Christian state of Makuria and the Muslim rulers of Egypt. ... Nubia is the region in the south of Egypt, along the Nile and in northern Sudan. ... Events Nicephorus I and Charlemagne settle their imperial boundaries. ... The Pax Nicephori was an 803 peace treaty concluded between the two emperors of Europe, Charlemagne in the West, and Nicephorus I in the East. ... A portrait of Charlemagne by Albrecht Dürer that was painted several centuries after Charlemagnes death. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Events July 26 - Battle of Pliska: Nicephorus I is defeated by the Bulgar khan Krum, and is succeeded by Stauracius as Byzantine emperor. ... The Treaty of Heiligen was signed at Heiligen in 811 between King Hemming of Denmark and Charlemagne. ... The Eider (-German; Danish: Ejderen; Latin: Egdor or Egdore) is the longest river of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mutasim establishes new capital at Samarra, Iraq. ... The Pactum Sicardi was a treaty signed on 4 July 836 between the three Greek Tyrrhenian city-states (duchies) of Sorrento, Naples, and Amalfi and the Prince of Benevento, Sicard. ... The Duchy of Naples (Latin: Ducatus Neapolitanus), born as a Byzantine province governed by a military commander (dux), rapidly became a de facto independent state, lasting more than five centuries during the Early and High Middle Ages. ... The Lombard Principality of Salerno was a South Italian state, centred on the port city of Salerno, formed out of the Principality of Benevento after a decade-long civil war in 851. ... Sicard (d. ... Events Treaty of Verdun divides the Carolingian empire between the 3 sons of Louis the Pious. ... Geopolitical divisions according to the Treaty of Verdun. ... Map of Carolingian Empire The term Carolingian Empire is sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. ... Events Khan Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized an Orthodox Christian. ... The Edict of Pistres is often held up as one of the few examples, if not the sole example, of good government from Charles the Bald, the man who can be called first king of France. ... Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late... Events February 28 - End of the Fourth Council of Constantinople. ... The Treaty of Mersen (870 AD) was an agreement of the division of the Carolingian Empire by the sons of Louis I, Charles II of the West Franks (France) and Louis the German of East Franks (Germany), signed at the town of Meerssen, which is now in the Netherlands. ... Events The Danes force king Alfred the Great of Wessex to retreat to a fort in Athelney, Somerset. ... Events The sovereignty of prince Svatopluk I in Bohemia is confirmed. ... and then the king did a poo in battle The Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum is an agreement between Alfred of Wessex and Guthrum, the Viking ruler of East Anglia. ... Alfred (849? – 26 October 899) (sometimes spelt Ælfred) was king of England from 871 to 899, though at no time did he rule over the whole of the land. ... Guthrum (d. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne explorers, traders, and warriors of the Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... Events Autumn - Charles the Simple argees to the Treaty of St. ... The Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was signed in the autumn of 911 between Charles the Simple and Rollo, the leader of the Vikings, for the purpose of settling the Normans in Neustria and to protect Charles kingdom from any new invasion from the northmen. No written records survive... Charles the Simple or Charles (September 17, 879 - October 7, 929) was a member of the Carolingian dynasty. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... Rollo on the Six Dukes statue in the Falaise town square. ... Events Embassy of Ahmad ibn Fadlan from Baghdad to the king of the Volga Bulgars on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph al-Muqtadir Henry the Fowler invades Bavaria and obtains fealty from Arnulf the Bad Births King Edmund I of England Onmyoji Abe no Seimei Deaths September 1 - Richard of... The Treaty of Bonn (German: ) was signed at Bonn on November 7, 921 between King Charles the Simple of Western Francia and King Henry I of Eastern Francia. ... Western Francia was the land under the control of Charles the Bald after the Treaty of Verdun of 843, which divided the Carolingian Empire of the Franks into an East, West, and Middle. ... Eastern Francia were the lands of Louis the German after the Treaty of Verdun of 843. ... Events December: End of the Samanid dynasty in Bokhara. ... Overview The conclusion of the Shanyuan Treaty (1004) was the pivotal point in relation between the Northern Song (960-1127) and the Liao (916-1125) Dynasties. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... The Liao Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: Liáo Cháo), 907-1125, also known as the Khitan Empire, was an empire in northern China that ruled over the regions of Manchuria, Mongolia, and parts of northern China proper. ... // Team# 1018 Pike High School Robotics Team Team #1018 FIRST Logo Check Out Our FIRST WIKI Page Events Bulgaria becomes part of the Byzantine Empire. ... The permanent settlement of wars Poland with Germany in Bautzen, Budziszyn in 1018, which left Sorbian Meissen and Lusatia in Polish hands. ... Henry II with his wife Cunigunde of Luxemburg Saint Henry II (972 – 13 July 1024), called the Holy or the Saint, was the fifth and last Holy Roman Emperor of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... Reign 992 — 1025. ... Events Anselm of Canterbury settles at the Benedictine monastery of Le Bec in Normandy. ... The Treaty of Melfi was a treaty signed in August of 1059 between Pope Nicholas II and the Normans. ... Nicholas II, born Gérard de Bourgogne (died July 19 or July 27, 1061), Pope from 1059 to July 1061, was at the time of his election Bishop of Florence. ... Norman may refer to: M.E. Norman, a steamboat that capsized in Memphis in 1925 Normans, a people who colonized Normandy and conquered England Norman architecture, styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans Norman dynasty, a series of monarchs who ruled England and/or Normandy Norman language, a Romance... Events William I of England, in a letter, reminds the Bishop of Rome that the King of England owes him no allegiance. ... The Treaty of Ceprano was signed on June 29, 1080 between Pope Gregory VII and the Normans. ... Pope Gregory VII (c. ... Robert Guiscard (i. ... Henry, son of William I attempted a coup against his brothers but failed to seize the English throne. ... The Treaty of Caen was signed in Caen, France in 1091 between William II of England and his brother, Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy. ... William II (c. ... Robert II (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... The Treaty of Alton was an agreement signed in 1101 between Henry I of England and his older brother Robert, Duke of Normandy in which Robert agreed to recognize Henry as king of England in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions. ... Robert II (called Curthose for his short squat appearance) (c. ... Henry I (circa 1068 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and the first born in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Events May - Battle of Ucles Consecration of Chichester cathedral Saint Magnus becomes the first earl of Orkney In Pistoia, Italy, Cathedral of San Zeno burned to the ground. ... The Treaty of Devol was an agreement made in 1108 between Bohemund I of Antioch and Byzantine Emperor Alexius I, in the wake of the First Crusade. ... The Principality of Antioch (in red) within the frame of the Crusader states. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... Events First Council of the Lateran confirms Concordat of Worms and demands that priests remain celibate End of the reign of Emperor Toba of Japan. ... The Pactum Warmundi was a treaty of alliance established in 1123 between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Republic of Venice. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... July 26, Independence of Portugal from the Kingdom of León and Castile declared after the Battle of Ourique against the Almoravids lead by Ali ibn Yusuf: Prince Afonso Henriques becomes Afonso I, King of Portugal, after assembling the first assembly of the estates-general of Portugal at Lamego, where... The Treaty of Mignano of 1139 was the treaty which ended more than a decade of constant war in the Mezzogiorno following the union of the mainland duchy of Apulia and Calabria with the County of Sicily in 1127. ... Roger II, from Liber ad honorem Augusti of Petrus de Ebulo, 1196. ... Pope Innocent II (died September 24, 1143), born Gregorio Papareschi, was Pope from 1130 to 1143, and was probably one of the clergy in personal attendance on the antipope Clement III (Guibert of Ravenna). ... Events February 2 - Battle of Lincoln. ... The Treaty of Shaoxing (紹興和議, pinyin: ShàoxÄ«ng Héyì) is the agreement which ended the conflicts between the Jin Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty. ... The JÄ«n Dynasty (Jurchen: Anchu; Chinese: 金朝; Pinyin: ; 1115-1234), also known as the Jurchen dynasty, was founded by the Wanyan (完顏 Wányán) clan of the Jurchen, the ancestors of the Manchus who established the Qing Dynasty some 500 years later. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Events Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... The Treaty of Zamora (1143) recognizes Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of Leon and Castille. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina, or twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las M... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Events Ghazni is burned by the princes of Ghur Geoffrey of Anjou dies, and succeeded by his son Henry, aged 18. ... The Treaty of Tudilén or Tudején was signed between Alfonso VII of León and Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona in 1151 at Tudilén, near Aguas Caldas in Navarre, modern Baños de Fitero, then just Fitero. ... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ... The Júcar is a river on the Iberian Peninsula of Spain. ... For the Roman goddess see Venus. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... The Treaty of Wallingford of 1153, also known as the Treaty of Winchester, effectively ended The Anarchy, a dispute between Empress Matilda and her cousin Stephen of England over the English crown. ... The Anarchy in English history commonly names the period of civil war and unsettled government that occurred during the reign (1135–1154) of King Stephen of England. ... Empress Matilda (February, 1101 — September 10, 1167; Saxon form Maud or Maude) — was the daughter and dispossessed heir of King Henry I of England. ... Stephen (c. ... The First Treaty of Constance was signed between the Emperor Frederick I and Pope Eugene III in 1153. ... Frederick Barbarossa in a 13th century Chronicle. ... The Blessed Eugene III, né Bernardo Pignatelli (d. ... Manuel I Comnenus (Greek: Μανουήλ Α ο Κομνηνός; November 28, 1118 – September 24, 1180), was a Byzantine Emperor of the 12th century who reigned over a crucial turning point in the history of Byzantium and the Mediterranean. ... Events Prince Yuriy Dolgorukiy fortifies Moscow, regarded as the date of the founding of the city Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi... The Treaty of Benevento was an important treaty between the papacy of Adrian IV and the Norman Kingdom of Sicily. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Events November 23 - Pope Alexander III enters Rome. ... The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands... The Treaty of Windsor in 1175 was an agreement between King Henry II of England and the last High King of Ireland, Rory OConnor. ... Henry II of England (5 March 1133-6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland[], eastern Ireland, and western France. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (d. ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... The Treaty or Peace of Venice, 1177, was an important peace treaty between the papacy and its allies, the north Italian city-states of the Lombard League, and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma, and even some lords, such as... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I (German: Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen)(1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... Events Third Council of the Lateran condemned Waldensians and Cathars as heretics, institutes a reformation of clerical life, and creates the first ghettos for Jews Afonso I is recognized as the true King of Portugal by Portugal the protection of the Catholic Church against the Castillian monarchy Philip II is... The Treaty of Cazorla or Cazola was signed in 1179 in Soria between Alfonso II of Aragon and Alfonso VIII of Castile. ... Motto: Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia by herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87,268 km²  17. ... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Lombard League was an alliance formed around 1167, which at its apex included most of the cities of northern Italy (although its membership changed in time), including, among others, Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma, and even some lords, such as... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I (German: Friedrich I. von Hohenstaufen)(1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Friedrich Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... The Treaty or Peace of Venice, 1177, was an important peace treaty between the papacy and its allies, the north Italian city-states of the Lombard League, and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... The Treaty of Ramla was signed by Saladin and Richard the Lionheart in June 1192 after the Battle of Arsuf. ... The Third Crusade (1189–1192), also known as the Kings Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... Events Albigensian Crusade against Cathars (1209-1218) the Franciscans are founded. ... The Treaty of Speyer was signed in 1209 by Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV. This agreement was developed as a result of Pope Innocent III having launched an appeal for organizing a crusade against the Cathars (or Albigensians) in southern France. ... Otto IV of Brunswick (died 1218) was King of Germany (1208-1215) and Holy Roman Emperor from 1209 - 1215. ... The Concordat of Worms, sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians, was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near Worms. ... April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... The Treaty of Lambeth was signed in 1217 by Louis VIII of France, ending his campaign in the First Barons War, and his claim to the throne of England. ... Prince Louis may refer to: Prince Louis of Luxembourg Prince Louis of Battenberg Louis II, Prince of Monaco Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Louis III, Prince of Condé Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé Louis Henry II, Prince of Condé Louis Henri... Rulers with the title Henry III include: Henry III of Champagne Henry III of England Henry III of France Henry III of Germany (later Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor) Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor Henry III of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) Henry III, Duke of Saxony (Henry the... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... The Treaty of Paris was signed on April 12, 1229 between Raymond VII of Toulouse and Louis IX of France. ... The Albigensian Crusade or Cathar Crusade (1209 - 1229) was a 20-year military campaign initiated by the Roman Catholic Church to eliminate the religion practiced by the Cathars of Languedoc, which the Roman Catholic hierarchy considered apostasy. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... The Treaty of San Germano was signed on July 20, 1230 at San Germano between Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX. A Dominican named Guala was responsible for the negotiations. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Papal Arms of Pope Gregory IX. Gregory IX, né Ugolino di Conti (Anagni, ca. ... The Treaty of Ceprano was signed in Ceprano on August of 1230 between Pope Gregory IX and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. Based on the terms of the accord, Frederick agreed not to violate any territories held by the Papacy. ... Papal Arms of Pope Gregory IX. Gregory IX, né Ugolino di Conti (Anagni, ca. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... Treaty of York 1237 Signed between Henry III and Alexander II, king of Scots (1214-1249), this treaty secured Englands northern border. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... This article is about the year 1244. ... The Treaty of Almizra or Almiçra was the third of a series of three treaties between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile meant to determine the limits of their expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between the Christian princes. ... History of Spain Series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History The Aragonese Empire was the regime... Events Rebellion against king Sancho II of Portugal in favor of his brother Alphonso. ... The Al-Azraq Treaty of 1245 was a treaty between the Christian King Jaime I of Aragon and the Muslim commander Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzail al Sahuir popularly known as Al-Azraq in 1245 AD in the Iberian Peninsula. ... James I of Aragon. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Mohammad Abu Abdallah Ben Hudzäil al Sähuir (1208 Vall de Alcalá, Alicante, - 1276, Alcoy), popularly known as Al-Azraq (of the blue eyes), an Arab Moorish commander in the Iberian Peninsula in the south of the Kingdom of Valencia. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... The Treaty of Corbeil was an agreement signed on May 11, 1258, in Corbeil (today Corbeil-Essonnes, in the region of ÃŽle-de-France) between Louis IX of France and James I of Aragon. ... King of Aragons arms in 15th century The Crown of Aragon or Aragonese Empire was the regime of a large portion of what is now Spain, plus numerous Mediterranean possessions, for much of the later Middle Ages. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... The Treaty of Paris (also known as the Treaty of Albeville) was a treaty between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England, agreed to on December 4, 1259. ... Louis IX or Saint Louis (April 25, 1215 – August 25, 1270) was King of France from 1226 until his death. ... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was crowned King of England in 1216, despite being less than ten years of age. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... The Dictum of Kenilworth issued in October 1266, was the terms of the supporters of Simon de Montfort for ending their resistance to Henry III of England. ... From the Chamber of the United States House of Representatives Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (1208 – August 4, 1265) was the principal leader of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England. ... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was crowned King of England in 1216, despite being less than ten years of age. ... The Treaty of Perth ended military conflict between Norway under Magnus the Law-mender and Scotland under Alexander III over the sovereignty of the Western Isles, the Isle of Man and Caithness. ... The Western Isles are an archipelago in Scotland. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... By means of the Treaty of Montgomery (1267), Llywelyn ap Gruffydd was able to get his new title Prince of Wales acknowledged by the English king Henry III. Llywelyn ap Gruffydd finished the work his grandfather, Llywelyn the Great, had started: by force and diplomacy all the other Welsh dynasties... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was crowned King of England in 1216, despite being less than ten years of age. ... Arms used by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Llywelyn ap Gruffudd or Gruffydd (c. ... The Prince of Wales Feathers. This Heraldic badge of the Heir Apparent is derived from the ostrich feathers borne by Edward, the Black Prince. ... The Treaty or Treaties of Viterbo was a pair of agreements made by Charles I of Sicily with Baldwin II of Constantinople and William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, in May 1267, which transferred much of the rights to the Latin Empire from Baldwin to Charles. ... Charles I (March 1227 - January 7, 1285) was the posthumous son of King Louis VIII of France, created Count of Anjou by his elder brother King Louis IX in 1246, thus founding the second Angevin dynasty. ... The Latin Empire, Empire of Nicaea, Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... The Peace of Pressburg (also called Peace of Bratislava) is the name of 4 peace agreements concluded in the present-day town of Bratislava. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Events The philosophical doctrine Averroism is banned from Paris by bishop Etienne Tempier Burmas Pagan empire begins to disintegrate after being defeated by Kublai Khan at Ngasaungsyan, near the Chinese border. ... The Treaty of Aberconwy was signed in 1277 by King Edward I of England and Llewelyn the Last of modern-day Wales, who had fought each other on and off for years over control of the Welsh countryside. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1] and Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who kept Scotland under English domination during his lifetime. ... Arms used by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd Llywelyn ap Gruffudd or Gruffydd (c. ... This article is about the country. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... In the Treaty of Rheinfelden, concluded June 1, 1283, Duke Rudolph II of Austria had to waive all his rights to the thrones of Austria and Styria to the benefit of his elder brother Albert I. The fact that Rudolph was never compensated induced his son John Parricida to murder... Duke Rudolph II of Austria (born 1271, died May 10, 1290) was born as the younger son of Emperor Rudolph I of Habsburg. ... Albert I (July 1255 – May 1, 1308) was a German king, duke of Austria, and eldest son of King Rudolph I of Habsburg and Gertrud of Hohenberg. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... The Treaty of Birgham comprised two treaties intended to secure the independence of Scotland after Alexander III died without issue in 1286. ... The House of Balliol was a Scottish royal family in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... The House of Bruce was a Scottish Royal House in the 14th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... The Treaty of Tarascon was an accord between Pope Nicholas IV, Philip IV of France, Charles II of Naples, and Alfonso III of Aragón that was intended to end the Aragonese Crusade, an episode in the War of the Sicilian Vespers. ... The Aragonese Crusade or Crusade of Aragón was declared by Pope Martin IV against the king of Aragón, Peter III the Great, in 1284 and 1285. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... The Treaty of Anagni was an accord between the Pope Boniface VIII, James II of Aragón, Philip IV of France, Charles II of Naples, and James II of Majorca. ... The Treaty of Tarascon was an accord between Pope Nicholas IV, Philip IV of France, Charles II of Naples, and Alfonso III of Aragón that was intended to end the Aragonese Crusade, an episode in the War of the Sicilian Vespers. ...

1300–1499

Year Name Summary
1302 Peace of Caltabellotta Ends the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
1303 Treaty of Paris Restores Gascony to England from France during the Hundred Years' War.
1304 Treaty of Torrellas[15] Brought peace to Castile and Aragon and divied up the Kingdom of Murcia between them.
1305 Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge France acquires the cities of Lille, Douai, and Béthune and Flanders retains its independence.
Treaty of Elche Modifies the Treaty of Torrellas and grants Cartagena to Castile.
1317 Treaty of Templin Ascanians surrender the territories of Schlawe-Stolp to the Pomeranians.
1323 Treaty of Nöteborg[16] Sets the boundary between Sweden and Novgorod.
Treaty of Paris Count Louis of Flanders relinquishes Flemish claims over Zeeland.
1326 Treaty of Corbeil Renews the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland.
Treaty of Novgorod Ends war between Finland and Russia.
1328 Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton Between Edward III of England and the Scots.
1329 Treaty of Pavia Between Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor and his nephews.
1338 Declaration of Rhense[17] German princes elect German kings without the consent of the Papacy.
1343 Treaty of Kalisz Between King Casimir III the Great of Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
1354 Treaty of Stralsund Settles border disputes between the duchies of Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
Treaty of Mantes First peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
1355 Treaty of Valognes Second peace between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France.
Treaty of Paris Recognizes the annexation of the Barony of Gex by the county of Savoy.
1358 Treaty of Zadar The Venetian Republic loses influence over territories in Dalmatia.
1359 Treaty of London[18] Cedes western France to England; repudiated by the Estates-General in Paris.
1360 Treaty of Brétigny Ends the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1370 Treaty of Stralsund Ends the war between the Hanseatic League and Denmark.
1373 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty Treaty of alliance between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand and Queen Eleanor of Portugal.
1379 Treaty of Neuberg Divides Habsburg lands between Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1380 Treaty of Dovydiškės Jogaila signs a secret peace treaty with the Teutonic Knights against Kęstutis.
1386 Treaty of Windsor Anglo-Portuguese Alliance; the oldest treaty still in force.
1390 Treaty of Königsberg Establishes alliance between Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Order.
1397 Treaty of Kalmar Establishes the Kalmar Union; becomes null and void in 1523.
1411 First Treaty of Toruń Ends the Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War.
1412 Treaty of Lubowla Between Władysław II of Poland and Sigismund of Luxemburg, king of Hungary.
1420 Treaty of Troyes Attempt to pass the French throne to England.
1422 Treaty of Melno The Teutonic Knights relinquish Nieszawa to Poland and all claims to Samogitia and northern Lithuania to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania; Poland renounces claims to Pomerelia, Culmerland, and the Michelauer Land east of Culmerland.
1428 Treaty of Delft[19] Ends hostilities between England and Flanders.
1431 Treaty of Medina del Campo Peace between Portugal and the Kingdom of Castile; ratified in Almeirim in 1432.
1435 Treaty of Arras Reconciles a longstanding feud between King Charles VII of France and Philip, Duke of Burgundy.
1441 Treaty of Copenhagen[20] Christopher of Bavaria crushed a great peasant rebellion in Northern Jutland; Baltic Sea is opened to Dutch traders.
1443 Treaty of Gyehae Between the Joseon dynasty and Ashikaga shogunate; controls Japanese piracy and legitimizes trade between Tsushima island and a Korean port.
1454 Peace of Lodi Peace between Milan, Florence and Venice.
1456 Treaty of Yazhelbitsy Establishes peace between Vasili II and the people of Novgorod.
1460 Treaty of Ribe Defines status of Schleswig and Holstein.
1461 Treaty of Westminster[21] Divides Scotland between King Edward IV of England and the Earl of Douglas.
1465 Treaty of Conflans[22] Officially ends the Guerre folle (Mad War).
1466 Second Treaty of Toruń Ends the Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the Teutonic Knights.
1468 Treaty of Péronne Between Duke Charles I of Burgundy and King Louis XI of France.
1472 Treaty of Prenzlau Declares Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, ruler of Pomerania-Stettin.
1475 Treaty of Picquigny Louis XI pays Edward IV to stay in England and not pursue his claim to the French throne.
1479 Peace of Olomouc Ends war between Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and Matthias Corvinus.
Treaty of Alcaçovas[23] Between the Kingdom of Castile and Portugal; ends the Castilian Civil War begun in 1474.
Treaty of Constantinople Officially ends the fifteen year war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire.
1482 Treaty of Arras Between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries.
Treaty of Münsingen Count Eberhard V reunites the divided county of Württemberg and declares it indivisible.
1484 Treaty of Bagnolo Ends the War of Ferrara (1482–1484) between Ercole d'Este I and Pope Sixtus IV along with his Venetian allies.
1485 Treaty of Leipzig Divides Saxony between Duke Ernest Wettin and Duke Albert Wettin.
1489 Treaty of Medina del Campo Primarily a marriage contract between Arthur Tudor and Catherine of Aragon.
Treaty of Frankfurt Between Maximilian of Austria and the envoys of King Charles VIII of France.
Treaty of Dordrecht Establishes an alliance between Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and King Henry VII of England.
1491 Peace of Pressburg Defines the future succession of the Austrian and Hungarian kingdoms.
Treaty of Granada[24] Relinquishes the sovereignty of the Moorish Kingdom of Granada to Spain.
1492 Peace of Etaples Ends war between England and France.
1493 Treaty of Barcelona France cedes Roussillon and Cerdagne to Spain in return for Spanish neutrality during its war with Italy.
1494 Treaty of Tordesillas Divides the world between Spain and Portugal.
1499 Treaty of Basel Concludes the Swabian War fought between the Swabian League and the Old Swiss Confederacy.

Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. ... The Peace of Caltabellotta, signed 19 August 1302, was the last of a series of treaties, including those of Tarascon and Anagni, designed to end the conflict between the Houses of Anjou and Barcelona for ascendancy in the Mediterranean and especially Sicily and the Mezzogiorno. ... The War of the Sicilian Vespers started with the insurrection of the Sicilian Vespers against Charles of Anjou in 1282 and finally ended with the peace of Caltabellotta in 1302. ... // Events 24 February: Battle of Roslin 20 April: Pope Boniface VIII founds the University of Rome La Sapienza Edward I of England reconquers Scotland (see also: William Wallace, Wars of Scottish Independence) The Khilji Dynasty conquers time travel Births Saint Birgitta, Swedish saint (died 1373) Gegeen Khan, Mongol emperor of... The Treaty of Paris was signed on May 20, 1303 at the town of Glascony between Philip IV of France and Edward I of England. ... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... Combatants France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Crown of Aragon Brittany England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainault Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire The Hundred Years War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ... Events 20 July - Fall of Stirling Castle: Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold in the Wars of Scottish Independence. ... The Treaty of Torrellas (called a sentencia arbitral, sentence by arbitration, in Castilian), signed in Zaragoza in 1304, settled the question of conquest of the Kingdom of Murcia, thitherto a dependency of the Crown of Castile, by James II of Aragon. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Capital Murcia Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 9th 11 313 km² 2,2% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 10th 1 226 993 2,9% 108,46/km² Demonym  - English  - Spanish Murcian murciano/a Statute of Autonomy June 19, 1982 ISO 3166-2 MU Parliamentary representation  Congress seats  Senate... Events August 5 - English troops capture William Wallace Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia Archbishop of Bordeaux, Bertrand de Got, was elected as Pope Clement V. Philip IV of France accused the Knights Templar of heresy. ... The Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge was a peace treaty signed on June 23, 1305 between King Philip IV of France and Robert III of Flanders. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Douai is a city and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Béthune is a city and commune of northern France, sous-préfecture of the Pas-de-Calais département. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... The Treaty of Elche was an agreement between the Crowns of Castile and Aragon in 1305. ... The Treaty of Torrellas (called a sentencia arbitral, sentence by arbitration, in Castilian), signed in Zaragoza in 1304, settled the question of conquest of the Kingdom of Murcia, thitherto a dependency of the Crown of Castile, by James II of Aragon. ... Cartagena is the name of two cities: Cartagena, Spain Cartagena, Colombia This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Events The Great Famine of 1315-1317. ... The Treaty of Templin was signed in 1317 between the Ascanians and the Pomeranians. ... The Ascanian dynasty of the rulers of Brandenburg began with Albert the Bear who inherited the territory from its last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. ... Pomeranians (Pomorzanie) are a group of Slavic tribes living in historical region of Pomerania along the shore of Baltic Sea between Oder and Vistula rivers. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas Aquinas Lithuania: Vilnius becomes capital August 12 - The Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) is signed, regulating the border for the first time Pharos of Alexandira Lighthouse (one of the Seven Wonders of the world) is destroyed by a series of earthquakes... The Treaty of Nöteborg, also known as Treaty of Orekhovo signed at Orechovets (Pähkinäsaari) on August 12, 1323, was a treaty between Sweden and Novgorod regulating their border. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... The Treaty of Paris was signed on March 6, 1323. ... The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking minority, and the southern part of the Dutch province of Zeeland known as Zeeuws-Vlaanderen... Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... The Treaty of Corbeil (1326) renewed the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France. ... The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The Treaty of Novgorod, signed in 1326, marked the end of decades of fighting between Finland and Russia, in the far-northern region called Finnmark. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... Prior to the Treaty of Edinbugh-Northampton, Edward II claimed he adhered to a truce, but he allowed English privateers to attack Flemish vessels trading with Scotland. ... For the play, see Edward III (play). ... Events Antipope Nicholas V is excommunicated by Pope John XXII. Aimone of Savoy becomes Count of Savoy. ... The Treaty of Pavia was signed in Pavia in 1329, which divided the House of Wittelsbach two branches. ... Emperor Louis IV Louis IV of Bavaria (also known as Ludwig the Bavarian) of the House of Wittelsbach (born 1282; died October 11, 1347) was duke of Bavaria from 1294/1301 together with his brother Rudolf I, also count of the Palatinate until 1329 and, German king since 1314 and... Events Ashikaga Takauji granted title of Shogun by the emperor of Japan. ... The Declaration of Rhense (or the Treaty of Rhense) was a decree issued on July 16, 1338 and initiated by the Archbishop of Trier, Baldwin of Luxembourg, brother of the late Emperor Henry VII. Six electors met in Rhense to support Emperor Louis IV in his fight with the papacy. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Events Magnus II of Sweden abdicates from the throne of Norway in favor of his son Haakon VI of Norway. ... The Treaty of Kalisz in 1343 was signed by Casimir III the Great and the Teutonic Order. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III or the Great (Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland , son of W&#322;adyslaw I &#321;okietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga. ... Hermann von Salza (c. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... The Treaty of Stralsund (May 24, 1370) ended the war between the Hanseatic League and the kingdom of Denmark. ... The great coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western-Pommerania Mecklenburg is a geographical area located in Northern Germany. ... Duchy of Pomerania ruled by the slavic dynasty of Griffits (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greiffen) was a semi-independent state in the 17th century. ... The Treaty of Mantes was affirmed between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France on 22 February 1354. ... Charles II (1332&#8211;1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349&#8211;1387 and Count of Évreux 1343&#8211;1387. ... John II the Good (French: Jean II le Bon) (April 16, 1319 – April 8, 1364), was King of France 1350–1364, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou and Maine 1332–1350, Count of Poitiers 1344–1350, and Duke of Guienne 1345–1350. ... Events January 7 - Portuguese king Afonso IV sends three men to kill Ines de Castro, beloved of his son prince Pedro - Pedro revolts and incites a civil war. ... The Treaty of Valognes was a treaty signed on 10 September 1355 between Charles II of Navarre and John II of France. ... Charles II (1332&#8211;1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349&#8211;1387 and Count of Évreux 1343&#8211;1387. ... John II the Good (French: Jean II le Bon) (April 16, 1319 – April 8, 1364), was King of France 1350–1364, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou and Maine 1332–1350, Count of Poitiers 1344–1350, and Duke of Guienne 1345–1350. ... The Treaty of Paris was signed in 1355 between the Count of Savoy and the Count of Genevoy. ... Gex is a commune and the chief town of the Gex arrondissement in the Ain département, France, 5 km from the Swiss border, and 16 km from Geneva. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Events Jacquerie. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Republic of Venice was a city-state in Venetia in Northeastern Italy, based around the city of Venice. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... This Treaty of London (among many others) was proposed by England, and accepted by France, in 1359. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... In France under the Ancien Régime, the States-General or Estates-General (French: États généraux), was a legislative assembly (see The States) of the different classes (or estates) of French subjects. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Events October 24 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years War. ... The Treaty of Brétigny was a treaty signed on May 8, 1360, between King Edward III of England and King John II (the Good) of France. ... Combatants France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Crown of Aragon Brittany England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainault Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire The Hundred Years War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... The Treaty of Stralsund (May 24, 1370) ended the war between the Hanseatic League and the kingdom of Denmark. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Events Bristol is made an independent county. ... The Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373 was signed between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand and Queen Eleanor of Portugal. ... For the play, see Edward III (play). ... Events Robert of Geneva, the butcher of Cesena was elected as Pope Clement VII. This led to a schism in the Catholic church with one pope in Rome (Pope Gregory XI and the antipope (Clement VII) in Avignon. ... In the Treaty of Neuberg, concluded between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III on September 9, 1379 in Neuberg an der Mürz, the Habsburg lands were divided between the two brothers. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Albert III may mean: Albert III of Austria (1349-1395) Albert III of Bavaria (1438-1460) Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (1414-1486) Albert III, Count of Namur (1048-1102) Albert III, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg (1260-1298) Albert, Duke of Saxony (1443-1500), sometimes called Albert III This is... Leopold III can refer to either: Leopold III of Austria, the Saint (1073 - 1136), Margrave of Austria from the house of Babenberg, or Leopold III of Austria, (1351 - 1386), Duke of Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol, and Vorderösterreich of the House of Habsburg, who died in the Battle of Sempach, or... Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... The Treaty of DovydiÅ¡kÄ—s (Lithuanian: DovydiÅ¡kių sutartis) was a secret peace treaty signed on May 31, 1380 between Jogaila, the Grand Duke of Lithuania and later King of Poland, and Winrich von Kniprode, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. ... Jogaila, or WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o[1] (ca 1351–1434), was a Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland. ... Pillars of Giedymin Castle of Trakai KÄ™stutis (approximate English transcription [kæs. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... The English&#8211;Portuguese alliance was renewed in 1386 with the Treaty of Windsor and the marriage of João I of Aviz with Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt. ... The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... The Treaty of Königsberg was signed in Königsberg on May 24, 1390 between Vytautas the Great and representatives of the Teutonic Order. ... Vytautas the Great, 17th century painting Trakai Island Castle Vytautas the Great (Lithuanian:  ; Belarusian: ; Polish: ; Ruthenian: Vitovt; German: ; Latin: Alexander Vitoldus; ca. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... The Treaty of Kalmar was signed on September 25, 1397 between representatives of the three Nordic kingdoms of Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. ... The Kalmar Union flag. ... Events February 11 : Peace of ToruÅ„ 1411 signed in ToruÅ„, Poland Births September 21 - Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (died 1460) Juan de Mena, Spanish poet (died 1456) Deaths June 3 - Duke Leopold IV of Austria (born 1371) November 4 - Khalil Sultan, ruler of... Peace of ToruÅ„ 1411 or the First Peace of ToruÅ„ was a peace treaty signed on 1 February 1411 in ToruÅ„ between Poland-Lithuania and the Teutonic Order ending the so called Great War of 1409-1410 (see the Battle of Grunwald). ... Grunwald, painted by Wojciech Kossak. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan. ... Treaty of Lubowla of 1412 was a treaty between WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II of Poland and Sigismund of Luxemburg, king of Hungary. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Jagello redirects here. ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events January 10 - Battle of Nemecky Brod during the Hussite Wars. ... The Treaty of Melno (German: ; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ) was a peace treaty ending the Gollub War. ... Hermann von Salza (c. ... Nieszawa is a town and a commune in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship, in north-central Poland. ... Samogitia (Lithuanian: , literally lowlands) is one of the five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... Pomerelia (German: ) is a historical region in northern Poland. ... Chelmno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia Che&#322;mi&#324;ska, German: Kulmerland, Kulmer Land, Culmerland or Culmer Land) is the traditional name for a district around the city of Che&#322;mno, in north-western Poland. ... The Michelauer Land was sometimes also considered part of Kulmer Land, yet is east of the river Drewenz It was named after Castle Michelau, which was destroyed well before 1789. ... Events October 12 - English forces under Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury besiege Orléans. ... The Treaty of Delft (or the Reconciliation of Delft) was signed on July 3, 1428 between Jacob of Bayern and Philip the Good. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... Events February 21 - The trial of Joan of Arc March 3 - Eugenius IV becomes Pope May 30 - In Rouen, France, 19-year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake. ... The Treaty of Medina del Campo was signed on October of 1431. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Coat of Arms Almeirim is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 222. ... For other uses, see number 1435. ... The Treaty of Arras was fought over the Utopian Princess by the countries of Gama and Dama. ... Charles VII the Victorious, a. ... There are a number of men called Philip of Burgundy: Philip of Burgundy (1323 – 1346), count-consort of Auvergne and Boulogne, the only son and heir of Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy and Princess Jeanne of France, countess of Artois and Burgundy. ... This page is about the year 1441. ... The Treaty of Copenhagen (or the Peace of Copenhagen) was signed in 1441 between the Hanseatic League and Holland. ... Christopher of Bavaria, known by his Danish and Norwegian title as Christoffer (III) af/av Bayern and by his Swedish title as Kristofer av Bayern (26 February 1418-6 January 1448) was union king of Denmark and Norway (1440-1448), and of Sweden (1441-1448). ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland; Frisian Jutlân; Low German Jötlann) is a peninsula in northern Europe that forms the only non-insular part of Denmark and also the northernmost part of Germany, dividing the North Sea from the Baltic Sea. ... Events Albanians, under Skanderbeg, defeat the Turks John Hunyadi defeats Turks at the Battle of Nis Vlad II Dracul begins his second term as ruler of Wallachia, succeeding Basarab II. Births January 27 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (died 1500) February 23 - Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (died 1490) May 17 - Edmund... The Treaty of Gyehae was signed in 1443 between the Joseon dynasty and Ashikaga shogunate as a means of controlling Japanese piracy and legitimizing trade between Tsushima island and a Korean port. ... Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong Capital Hanseong Language(s) Korean Religion Confucianism Government Monarchy Wang  - 1392 - 1398 Taejo  - 1418 - 1450 Sejong  - 1776 - 1800 Jeongjo  - 1863 - 1897 Proclaimed Emperor Gojong Yeong-uijeong  - 1431 - 1449 Hwang Hui  - 1466 - 1472 Han Myeonghoe  - 1592 - 1598 Ryu Seongryong  - 1894 Kim Hongjip... The Ashikaga shogunate (Jp. ... Tsushima Island (対馬 Tsushima) is an island in Japan, situated in the Tsushima Strait at 34°25N and 129°20E.[1] It is the largest island of the Nagasaki Prefecture. ... Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. ... Peace of Lodi - A peace agreement signed at Lodi, Italy between Milan and Venice on April 9, 1454. ... Milan (Italian: ; Lombard: Milán (listen)) is one of the biggest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... The Treaty of Yazhelbitsy (Russian: Яжелбицкий мирный договор) was a peace treaty signed by Vasili II, Grand Prince of Moscow and Vladimir, and the people of Novgorod in a village of Yazhelbitsy in 1456. ... Vasili II Vasiliyevich Tyomniy (Blind) (&#1042;&#1072;&#1089;&#1080;&#1083;&#1080;&#1081; II &#1042;&#1072;&#1089;&#1080;&#1083;&#1100;&#1077;&#1074;&#1080;&#1095; &#1058;&#1105;&#1084;&#1085;&#1099;&#1081; in Russian) (March 10, 1415&#8212;March 27, 1462) was the Grand Prince of Moscow whose long reign (1425-1462) was... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... The Treaty of Ribe (in Danish known as Ribe-brevet, in German known as Vertrag von Ripen) was a proclamation made by King Christian I of Denmark to a number of German nobles enabling himself to become count of Holstein and regain the Danish duchy of Schleswig. ... The region of Schleswig (former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland or Slesvig, Low German: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 60 km north and 70 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... The Treaty of Westminster (or the Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish) was signed on 13 February 1461 between the Lord of the Isles and the Earl of Ross. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Edward IV (April 28, 1442 – April 9, 1483) was King of England from March 4, 1461 to April 9, 1483, with a break of a few months in the period 1470–1471. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... The Treaty of Conflans (or the Peace of Conflans) was signed on October 1465 between King Louis XI of France and Count Charles of Charolais. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Second Peace of ToruÅ„. (Discuss) Peace of Thorn 1466 (also Peace of ToruÅ„ 1466 or the Second Peace of Thorn) was a peace treaty signed on 19 October 1466 in Thorn (ToruÅ„) between Poland and the Teutonic Order... The Thirteen Years War (also called the War of the Cities) started out as an uprising by Prussian cities and the local nobility with the goal of gaining independence from the Teutonic Knights. ... Hermann von Salza (c. ... Events Baeda Maryam succeeds his father Zara Yaqob as Emperor of Ethiopia Births February 29 - Pope Paul III (died 1549) Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, dramatist and composer Charles I of Savoy John, Elector of Saxony (died 1532) Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico... The Treaty of Péronne was signed at Péronne on October 14, 1468 between Duke Charles I of Burgundy and Louis XI of France. ... Rogier van der Weyden painted Charles the Bold in about 1460, wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... February 20 - Orkney and Shetland are returned by Norway to Scotland, due to a defaulted dowry payment Possible discovery of Bacalao (possibly Newfoundland, North America) by João Vaz Corte-Real. ... The Treaty of Prenzlau was signed on May 31, 1472 between Albert III, Elector of Brandenburg, and the Dukes of Pomerania. ... Albrecht Achilles Albert III Achilles (German: ); (9 November 1414 – 11 March 1486), often known simply as Albert Achilles, was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. ... Duchy of Pomerania ruled by the slavic dynasty of Griffits (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greiffen) was a semi-independent state in the 17th century. ... Motto: none Voivodship West Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Szczecina Mayor Marian Jurczyk Area 301,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 413 600 1372/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1243 Latitude Longitude 14°34E 53°26N Area code +48 91 Car plates ZS Twin towns Berlin-Kreuzberg... 5<sup>Superscript text</sup>7<!-- Comment --><blockquote> Block quote </blockquote>{| class=class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3 |-{| class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3{| class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3 |- | row 1, cell 1 | row 1, cell 2 | row 1, cell 3 |- | row 2... The Treaty of Picquigny was negotiated in 1475 between England and France. ... Louis XI Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), was a King of France (1461 - 1483). ... The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... Events January 20 - Ferdinand II ascends the throne of Aragon and rules together with his wife Isabella, queen of Castile over most of the Iberian peninsula. ... The Peace of Olomouc was signed in 1479 and ended the war between Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary. ... Ladislaus Jagellion (in Czech Vladislav Jagellonský, in Hungarian II. Ulászló) was the King of Bohemia from 1471 and the King of Hungary from 1490 until his death in 1516. ... Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ... The Treaty of Alcaçovas (also known as treaty or Peace of Alcaçovas-Toledo) was signed between the kingdoms of Castile (Castilla) and Portugal in 1479 that put an end to the Castillian civil war begun in 1474 over the succession of the kingdom of Castile. ... The Treaty of Constantinople was signed on January 25, 1479, which officially ended the fifteen year war between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... The Treaty of Arras (1482) was a treaty between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... The Treaty of Münsingen was signed on December 14, 1482. ... Eberhard I (11 December 1445, Urach – 24 February 1496, Tübingen). ... Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Wuerttemberg. ... Events January 25 - Peter Arbues, chief of the Spanish Inquisition, is assassinated when he is praying in the cathedral at Saragossa, Spain July 6 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River December 5 - Pope Innocent VIII gives the inquisition a mission to hunt heretics and... The War of Ferrara ending with the Peace of Bagnolo, was fought in 1482-1484 between Ercole I dEste, duke of Ferrara, and the Papal forces mustered by Ercoles personal nemesis, Pope Sixtus IV and his Venetian allies. ... Ercole dEste I (1431 – 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. ... Sixtus IV, born Francesco della Rovere (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484) was Pope from 1471 to 1484. ... // Events August 5-7 - First outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... The Treaty of Leipzig was signed on August 26, 1485 between Duke Ernest Wettin and Duke Albert Wettin, sons of Elector Frederick Wettin. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... The Treaty of Medina del Campo was an agreement reached March 26, 1489 between England and the nascent Spain. ... Arthur Tudor (20 September 1486 St Swithins Priory, Winchester– 2 April 1502 Ludlow Castle) was the eldest son of Henry VII of England. ... Catherine of Aragon, born Infanta Catherine of Aragon (Castilian: Catalina de Aragón y Castilla; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was the first wife of Henry VIII of England. ... The Treaty of Frankfurt was signed on July 22, 1489 at Frankfurt between Maximilian of Austria and the envoys of King Charles VIII of France. ... Maximilian of Austria may refer to the following members of the Habsburg dynasty: Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, who obtained the Burgundian lands by marriage Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico Category: ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... The Treaty of Dordrecht was signed on February 14, 1489 between Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and King Henry VII of England. ... Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). ... Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder and first patriarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... // Events December 6 - King Charles VIII marries Anne de Bretagne, thus incorporating Brittany into the kingdom of France. ... The Peace of Pressburg (also called Peace of Bratislava) is the name of 4 peace agreements concluded in the present-day town of Bratislava. ... The Treaty of Granada was a treaty ratified on November 25, 1491 between the king of Granada Abú `Abd Allah Muhammad Boabdil and Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Castile, León, Aragon and Sicily. ... The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Spain. ... Not to be confused with 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... The Peace of Etaples was signed between Charles VIII of France and Henry VII of England on November 9, 1492. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Barcelona was signed on January 19, 1493 between France and Spain. ... Coat of arms of Roussillon - see also senyera Flag of Roussillon Mount Canigó (Canigou) (2785m), a Catalan landmark Roussillon (French: Roussillon, pronounced ; Catalan: Rosselló, pronounced ) is one of the historical counties of the former Principality of Catalonia, corresponding roughly to the present-day southern French département of Pyrén... Cerdagne (Catalan: Cerdanya; French: Cerdagne; Spanish: Cerdaña) is a small region of the eastern Pyrenees divided between France and Spain and which is historically one of the counties of Catalonia. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas, Spanish: Tratado de Tordesillas), signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid province, Spain), June 7, 1494, divided the world outside of Europe into an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian 370 leagues (1550 km) west of... 1499 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Basel of 22 September 1499 was an armistice following the Battle of Dornach, concluding the Swabian War, fought between the Swabian League and the Old Swiss Confederacy. ... The Battle of Hard was the first major battle of the Swabian War. ... The Swabian League, an association of German cities, principally in the territory which had formed the old duchy of Swabia. ... 1550 illustration for the Sempacherbrief of 1393, one of the major alliance contracts of the Old Swiss Confederacy The Old Swiss Confederacy was the precursor of modern-day Switzerland. ...

1500–1599

Year Name Summary
1500 Treaty of Granada King Ferdinand II of Aragon agrees to support French claims over the Kingdom of Naples.
1501 Treaty of Trente Austria recognizes all French conquests in northern Italy.
1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace Ends hostilities between England and Scotland; void in 1513.
1504 Treaty of Blois Temporarily halts the Italian Wars.
Treaty of Lyons Louis XII of France cedes Naples to Ferdinand II of Aragon.
1511 Treaty of Westminster Treaty of alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.
1516 Peace of Noyon Divides Italy between France and Spain.
1517 Treaty of Rouen Attempts to renew the Auld Alliance.
1518 Treaty of London Establishes a non-aggression pact between France, England, Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy, Spain, Burgundy and the Netherlands.
1522 Treaty of Windsor Between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England; its main clause was the invasion of France.
1526 Treaty of Hampton Court Establishes peace between France and England.
Treaty of Madrid Temporarily ends French interests in Italy.
1527 Treaty of Westminster Treaty of alliance between King Henry VIII of England and King Francis I of France against King Charles V of Spain.
1528 Treaty of Gorinchem Between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders.
1529 Treaty of Cambrai Also known as the Paix des Dames (Ladies' Peace).
Treaty of Saragossa Specifies the anti-meridian line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese imperial territories.
1534 Treaty of Bassein Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat cedes the Mumbai Islands and other territories to the Portuguese Empire.
1543 Treaty of Venlo Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg cedes the territory of Guelders and the county of Zutphen to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1544 Treaty of Speyer Establishes peace between Denmark and the Holy Roman Empire.
1551 Treaty of Karlsburg Declares Archduke Ferdinand of Austria king of Hungary and Transylvania.
1552 Treaty of Chambord Maurice of Saxony cedes Toul, Verdun, and Metz to Henry II of France.
1555 Peace of Augsburg Between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League.
1556 Treaty of Vaucelles King Henri I of France cedes Franche-Comté to King Philip II of Spain.
1559 Peace of Cateau Cambrésis Ends the Italian Wars.
1560 Treaty of Edinburgh Attempts to end the Auld Alliance.
1562 Edict of Saint-Germain[25] Recognizes the existence of French Protestants and guarantees them freedom of conscience and private worship.
Treaty of Hampton Court Establishes military and economic ties between Queen Elizabeth and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon.
1563 Edict of Amboise Ends the first phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1568 Peace of Longjumeau[26] Ends the second phase of the French Wars of Religion; confirms the Edict of Amboise; expires in August of 1568.
1569 Union of Lublin Unites the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1570 Treaty of Stettin Ends the Northern Seven Years' War.
Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye Ends the third phase of the French Wars of Religion.
1572 Treaty of Blois Queen Elizabeth of England and Catherine de Medici of France establish an alliance against Spain.
1573 Edict of Boulogne Ends the fourth phase of the French Wars of Religion; gives Huguenots the right to worship in La Rochelle, Montauban, and Nimes.
1576 Edict of Beaulieu[27] Ends the fifth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Henry III of France gives the Huguenots the right of public worship.
Pacification of Ghent Alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands against the Spanish.
1577 Treaty of Bergerac[28] Ends the sixth phase of the French Wars of Religion; Huguenots can practice their faith only in the suburbs of one town in each judicial district.
Edict of 1577[29] Provides for the removal of Spanish troops from the Netherlands; upholds Pacification of Ghent.
1579 Union of Atrecht The southern states of the Spanish Netherlands express loyalty to the King of Spain.
Union of Utrecht Unifies the northern states of the Netherlands.
1580 Treaty of Fleix[30] Ends the seventh phase of the French Wars of Religion; recognizes previous treaties granting religious privileges to the Huguenots.
Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours François, Duke of Anjou becomes sovereign of the Dutch Republic.
1582 Peace of Jam Zapolski Ends the Livonian War between Poland and Muscovy.
1583 Treaty of Plussa A truce between Russia and Sweden; ends the Livonian War (1558–1583).
1584 Treaty of Joinville Forms a Catholic alliance between the French Catholic League and Hapsburg Spain against Protestant forces such as Elizabeth I of England.
1585 Treaty of Nemours Revokes previous concessions made to the Huguenots; instigates the War of the Three Henries.
Treaty of Nonsuch England assists Dutch in the Eighty Years' War.
1586 Treaty of Berwick Agreement of amity between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland.
1595 Treaty of Teusina[31] Ends the Russo–Swedish War (1590–1595).
1598 Peace of Vervins The Spanish withdraw from French territory.
Edict of Nantes Henry IV of France grants French Protestants (or Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic.

1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants France, Republic of Venice, Spain (until 1501) Duchy of Milan, Kingdom of Naples, Spain (after 1501) Commanders Duke of Nemours† Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Bartolomeo dAlviano The Second Italian War (1499–1504), sometimes known as Louis XIIs Italian War or the War over Naples, was... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants France, Republic of Venice, Spain (until 1501) Duchy of Milan, Kingdom of Naples, Spain (after 1501) Commanders Duke of Nemours† Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Bartolomeo dAlviano The Second Italian War (1499–1504), sometimes known as Louis XIIs Italian War or the War over Naples, was... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Perpetual Peace was signed by James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of England in 1502. ... 1504 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Blois of September 22, 1504 concerned the marriage between Charles of Luxembourg, the future Charles V, and Claude of France, daughter of Louis XII and Anne of Brittany. ... The Italian Wars, often referred to as the great Italian Wars or the great wars of Italy in historical works, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, all the major states of western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the... Combatants France, Republic of Venice, Spain (until 1501) Duchy of Milan, Kingdom of Naples, Spain (after 1501) Commanders Duke of Nemours† Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Bartolomeo dAlviano The Second Italian War (1499–1504), sometimes known as Louis XIIs Italian War or the War over Naples, was... Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 – January 1, 1515) was King of France 1498 – January 1, 1515. ... Naples panorama. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... 1511 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names,[1] was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. ... For other meanings see Henry VIII (disambiguation). ... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... The Peace of Noyon was signed between France and Spain in 1516 to end the War of the League of Cambrai between the two countries over dominance in Italy. ... Year 1517 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Rouen was signed on August 26, 1517 between France and Scotland. ... The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... The Treaty of Windsor signed on 16 June 1522 was made between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Henry VIII of England. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 &#8211; September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516-1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... For other meanings see Henry VIII (disambiguation). ... January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... Combatants France, Republic of Venice Spain, Holy Roman Empire, England, Papal States Commanders Francis I of France #, Vicomte de Lautrec, Seigneur de Bonnivet â€ , Seigneur de Bayard â€  Charles V, Charles de Lannoy, Fernando dAvalos, Charles de Bourbon, Prospero Colonna The Italian War of 1521–26, sometimes known as the Four... The Treaty of Madrid was a truce signed between Francis I of France and Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire and the Monarchia. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Combatants Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Genoa France, Papal States, Republic of Venice, Florence, England, Duchy of Milan Commanders Charles de Bourbon â€ , Georg Frundsberg, Philibert of Châlon â€  Vicomte de Lautrec *, Francesco Ferruccio â€ , Giovanni de Medici â€ , Comte de St. ... For other meanings see Henry VIII (disambiguation). ... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I, Dutch: Karel V, German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500–21 September 1558) is considered (the first) King of Spain though in fact his son was the first to use that title. ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... The Treaty of Gorinchem was signed in Gorinchem on October 20, 1528 between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian territories (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Charles of Egmond Charles of Egmond (9 November 1467 Grave - June 30, 1538 Arnhem) was Duke of Guelders between 1492 and his death. ... For the present province also called Guelders in English, see Gelderland. ... Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... The Treaty of Cambrai is also known as the Paix des Dames (Ladies Peace). ... The Treaty of Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas, Spanish: Tratado de Tordesillas), signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid province, Spain), June 7, 1494, divided the world outside of Europe into an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian 370 leagues (1550 km) west of... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... The Treaty of Bassein was signed by Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat and the Portuguese on December 23, 1534 while on board the galleon St. ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... The Treaty of Venlo was signed on September 12, 1543 between Duke Wilhelm of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. The signing of the treaty was arranged after Duke Wilhelms forces were defeated by Emperor Charles. ... William The Rich Wilhelm The Rich, Duke of Jülich-Kleve-Berg (Wilhelm der Reiche, Herzog von Jülich-Kleve-Berg) (28 July 1516 - 05 January 1592) was the only son of Johann III, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria von Geldern and took over rule of his... Jülich-Cleves-Berg was a combination of states of the Holy Roman Empire. ... For the present province also called Guelders in English, see Gelderland. ... Zutphen (old alternate spelling: Zutfen) is a municipality and a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands on the right bank of the IJssel at the influx of the Berkel, and a junction station 29 km by rail N.N.E. of Arnhem. ... Charles (February 24, 1500 &#8211; September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516-1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ... The Treaty of Speyer was signed in 1544 between Denmark and the Holy Roman Empire. ... Year 1551 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Weissenburg (German: or Weißenburger Vertrag) declared Archduke Ferdinand of Austria the ruler of Royal Hungary and Transylvania. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... The Treaty of Chambord was signed on January 15, 1552 between Henry II of France and three German princes including Maurice of Saxony. ... Maurice of Saxony, born March 21, 1521, Freiberg, Saxony, died July 9, 1553, Sievershausen, Saxony Moritz von Sachsen Duke (1541–53) and later elector (1547–53) of Saxony, whose clever manipulation of alliances and disputes gained the Albertine branch of the Wettin dynasty extensive lands and the electoral dignity. ... Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. ... Verdun (German (old): Wirten, official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région, northeast France, in the Meuse département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... For other uses of Metz, see Metz (disambiguation) City motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) City proper (commune) Région Lorraine Département Moselle (57) Mayor Jean-Marie Rausch Area 41. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Aragon and Castile. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian territories (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... The Schmalkaldic League was a defensive league of Protestant princes in the Holy Roman Empire in the mid-16th century. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... The Italian War of 1551 (1551-1559), sometimes known as the Habsburg-Valois War, began when Henry II of France, who had succeeded Francis to the throne, declared war against Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008&#8211;August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis is an agreement reached between Elizabeth I of England and Henry II of France on April 2 and between Henry II and Philip II of Spain on April 3, 1559, at Le Cateau-Cambrésis, around twenty kilometres south-east of Cambrai, that ended... The Italian Wars, often referred to as the great Italian Wars or the great wars of Italy in historical works, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, all the major states of western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... The Treaty of Edinburgh was drawn up in 1560 by the Scottish Parliament in an attempt to formally end the Auld Alliance. ... The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... Year 1562 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Edict of Saint-Germain was an Edict of Toleration promulgated in 16th century France. ... The Treaty of Hampton Court was signed on September 20, 1562 between Queen Elizabeth and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé. The treaty was concluded by François de Beauvais, Seigneur de Briquemault. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Louis I was the first Prince of Condé. Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé (May 7, 1530 – March 13, 1569) was a Huguenot leader and general. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... The Edict of Amboise was signed on March 19, 1563 by Catherine de Medici. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... The Peace of Longjumeau (also known as the Treaty of Longjumeau or the Edict of Longjumeau) was signed on March 23, 1568 by King Charles IX of France and Catherine de Medici. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... The Edict of Amboise was signed on March 19, 1563 by Catherine de Medici. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: &#1051;&#1102;&#769;&#1073;&#1083;&#1110;&#1085;&#1089;&#1082;&#1072;&#1103; &#1074;&#1091;&#769;&#1085;&#1110;&#1103;; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... The Treaty of Stettin (nowaday Szczecin) brings The Northern Seven Years War to and end on December 13, 1570. ... Frederick II of Denmark attacking Älvsborg, 1563 The Northern Seven Years War (also known as the Nordic Seven Years War, the First Northern War or the Seven Years War in Scandinavia) was the war between Sweden and a coalition of Denmark-Norway, Lubeck and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, fought between 1563... The Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed August 5, 1570 at the royal Château of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, ending the third of the French Wars of Religion. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... The Treaty of Blois was signed on April 19, 1572 in Blois between Queen Elizabeth of England and Catherine de Medici of France. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519&#8211;January 5, 1589), born in Italy as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici, and later queen of France under the French name Catherine de M dicis, was the wife of King Henry II of France, of the Valois branch of the kings... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Edict of Boulogne was signed on June 25, 1573 by King Charles IX of France. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... La Rochelle is a city and commune of western France, and a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean (population 76,584 in 1999). ... Montauban (Montalban in Occitan) is a town and commune of southwestern France, préfecture (capital) of the Tarn-et-Garonne département, 31 miles north of Toulouse. ... Nîmes is a city and commune of southern France, préfecture (capital) of the Gard département. ... Events May 5 - Peace of Beaulieu or Peace of Monsieur (after Monsieur, the Duc dAnjou, brother of the King, who negotiated it). ... The Edict of Beaulieu, made in 1576 by Henry III of France, gave Huguenots the right of public worship for the religion, thenceforth officially called the prétendue reformée, throughout France, except at Paris and the Court. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... The Pacification of Ghent, signed on November 8 of 1576, was an alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands for the purpose of driving the Spanish from the country. ... Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ... The Catholics, who had formed the Holy League, thought that this treaty was too favourable to Protestants. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... The Perpetual Edict (1577) provided for the removal of the Spanish from the Netherlands. ... The Pacification of Ghent, signed on November 8 of 1576, was an alliance of the provinces of the Netherlands for the purpose of driving the Spanish from the country. ... Events January 6 - The Union of Atrecht united the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain. ... Map of the Spanish Netherlands, the Union of Utrecht and the Union of Arras (1579) The Union of Atrecht (French: Arras) was an accord signed on January 6, 1579 in Atrecht (Arras), under which the southern states of the Spanish Netherlands, today in Wallonia and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais... This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... The Union of Utrecht (Dutch: Unie van Utrecht) is a treaty signed on January 23, 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under control of Spain. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... The Treaty of Fleix (also known as the Edict of Fleix and the Peace of Fleix) was signed on November 26, 1580 by Henry III of France in Le Fleix. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... The Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours was signed on September 29, 1580 between the Dutch Staten Generaal (with the exception of Zeeland and Holland) and François, Duke of Anjou (supported by William the Silent). ... Hercule François, Duke of Anjou and Alençon, (March 18, 1555 – June 19, 1584) was the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Peace of Jam Zapolski was a treaty of peace which, following the Siege of Pskov, concluded the lengthy Livonian war (1558-82). ... The Reformation reached Livonia in the 1520s. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Plussa (Russian: Плюсское перемирие 1583) was in fact a truce between Russia and Sweden, which ended the Livonian War of 1558-1583. ... The Reformation reached Livonia in the 1520s. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Joinville was signed in secret in December 1584 by the French Catholic League, led by Frances first family of Catholic nobles, the Guise, and Hapsburg Spain. ... [[The French Catholic League was created by [[Henry of Guise]], in [[1576]] during the [[French Wars of Religion]]. [[Pope Sixtus V]], the [[Jesuits]], [[Catherine de Medici]], and [[Philip II of Spain]] were all members of this intransigent ultra-Catholic party, bent upon extirpating the Protestant [[heresy]] in France once and... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Nemours was signed in Nemours on July 7, 1585 between Catherine de Medici and members from the House of Guise. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... The War of the Three Henrys (1562-1598) was a series of civil wars in France, also known as the Huguenot Wars or French Wars of Religion. ... The Treaty of Nonsuch was signed by Elizabeth I of England and the Netherlands on August 20, 1585 at Nonsuch Palace in Surrey. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Berwick was a league of amity or peace agreement made on July 6, 1586 between Queen Elizabeth I of England and King James VI of Scotland. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Queen of France (in name only), and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... James VI and I King of England, Scotland and Ireland James VI of Scotland and I of England (Charles James) (19 June 1566&#8211;27 March 1625) was a King who ruled over England, Scotland and Ireland, and was the first Sovereign to reign in the three realms simultaneously. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... The Treaty of Teusina, called the Eternal Peace with Sweden in Russia, was concluded by the Russian diplomats under the boyar Afanasiy Pushkin (the poets ancestor) and ambassadors of the Swedish king at the village of Tyavzino on May 18, 1595 to end the 25-year-long hostilities between... The Russo-Swedish War of 1590–1595 was instigated by Boris Godunov in the hope of recovering territory along the Gulf of Finland lost to Sweden during the previous Livonian War. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... The Peace of Vervins was signed between Henry IV of France and Philip II of Spain on May 2 1598. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Calvinists (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic. ... Henry IV (French: Henri IV; December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), was the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ...

1600–1699

Year Name Summary
1601 Treaty of Lyons Henry IV of France acquires Bugey, Valromey, Gex, and Bresse.
1604 Treaty of London Ends hostilities between England and Spain.
1606 Peace of Žitava[32] Ends the Long War between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy.
Treaty of Vienna[33] Restores all constitutional and religious rights/privileges to the Hungarians in both Transylvania and Royal Hungary.
1608 Treaty of Lieben Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II surrenders Hungary, Austrian territories near the Danube River, and Moravia to his brother Matthias.
1609 Treaty of Antwerp[34] Spain and the Netherlands agree to a 12-year truce.
1613 Treaty of Knäred Ends the Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden.
Two Row Wampum Treaty[35] Treaty between the Iroquois and representatives of the Dutch government.
1614 Treaty of Xanten Ends the Jülich-Cleves War.
1615 Peace of Asti Duke Charles Emmanuel I of Savoy relinquishes claims on Monferrato.
Peace of Tyrnau Recognizes Gábor Bethlen as the Prince of Transylvania.
1616 Treaty of Loudun Ends hostilities between Queen Marie de Medici and rebellious French princes led by Henry II, the third Prince of Condé.
1617 Treaty of Pavia Savoy cedes Monferrato to Mantua.
Treaty of Stolbovo Ends the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy.
1618 Truce of Deulino[36] Ends the Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618); expires in 1632.
1619 Treaty of Angoulême Ends civil war in France between supporters of Queen Marie de Medici and her son, King Louis XIII of France.
Treaty of Munich Duke Maximilian of Bavaria allows Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II to use his forces in exchange for territories in the Palatine.
1620 Treaty of Ulm The Protestant Union ceases its support of Frederick V of Bohemia.
1621 Peace of Nikolsburg[37] Ends the war between Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania and Emperor Ferdinand II of the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Madrid Restores Valtelline to the Grisons and grants Protestants in the region religious freedoms.
1622 Treaty of Montpellier[38] Between King Louis XIII of France and Duke Henry II of Rohan; confirms the Edict of Nantes.
1623 Treaty of Paris France, Savoy, and Venice agree to have Spanish forces leave Valtelline.
1625 Treaty of Den Haag England and the Netherlands agree to economically support Christian IV of Denmark during the Thirty Years' War.
1626 Peace of Pressburg[39] Ends the revolt against the Habsburgs.
Treaty of Monzón France and Spain share equal rights in their control of Valtelline.
1628 Treaty of Munich Recognizes Duke Maximilian of Bavaria as a prince-elector; grants Maximilian control of the Upper Palatinate and the right bank of the Rhine River for thirty years.
1629 Treaty of Lübeck Denmark withdraws from the Thirty Years' War.
Truce of Altmark[40] Ends hostilities between Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Peace of Alais[41] Between the Huguenots and King Louis XIII of France; confirms the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes with additional clauses.
1630 Peace of Regensburg[42] Temporarily halts the War of the Mantuan Succession.
1631 Treaty of Barwald France and Sweden establish an alliance against Germany.
Treaty of Cherasco Ends the War of the Mantuan Succession.
Treaty of Munich France and Bavaria establish a secret "Catholic" alliance.
1632 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye England returns New France (Quebec) to France.
1634 Treaty of Polanów Ends the Smolensk War between Poland and Muscovy.
1635 Peace of Prague Between the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire.
Treaty of Sztumska Wieś[43] The Swedish Empire concedes territories to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1636 Treaty of Wismar Establishes alliance between Sweden and France against the Habsburgs.
1638 Treaty of Hamburg Confirms Treaty of Wismar; France pays Sweden 1,000,000 livres.
1639 Treaty of Berwick[44] Ends the First Bishops' War between Charles I of England and the Scots.
Treaty of Zuhab[45] Ends the war between Persia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Asurar Ali Establishes the boundary between the Mughals and the Ahom kingdom.
1640 Treaty of Ripon Between Charles I of Scotland and the Scots in the aftermath of the Second Bishops' War.
1643 Solemn League and Covenant Between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians.
1645 Treaty of Brömsebro[46] Ends the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
1647 Truce of Ulm[47] Forces Duke Maximilian of Bavaria to renounce his alliance with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.
1648 Peace of Westphalia[48] Ends the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War.
Treaty of Concordia[49] Divides the island of Saint Martin between France and the Netherlands.
1649 Peace of Rueil Ends the opening episodes of the Fronde, France's civil war.
1650 Treaty of Breda Between Charles II of England and the Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
1651 Treaty of Bila Tserkva Establishes peace between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ukrainian Cossacks after the Battle of Berestechko.
1654 Treaty of Pereyaslav Between Muscovy and the Cossacks.
Treaty of Westminster Ends the First Anglo-Dutch War.
1656 Treaty of Königsberg Establishes alliance between Charles X of Sweden and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, against Poland.
Treaty of Labiau Between Prince-elector Frederick William of Brandenburg and King Charles X Gustav of Sweden.
1657 Treaty of Bydgoszcz Between King John II Casimir of Poland and Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia.
Treaty of Paris Establishes military alliance between England and France against Spain.
Treaty of Raalte Willem II no longer is viceroy of Overijssel.
Treaty of Wehlau Between Poland and Brandenburg-Prussia during The Deluge (Polish history).
1658 Treaty of Hadiach Between Poland and the Cossacks.
Treaty of Taastrup[50] An accord that preceded the Treaty of Roskilde between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and King Frederick III of Denmark.
Treaty of Roskilde Denmark-Norway cedes territory to Sweden.
1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees Ends war between France and Spain.
1660 Treaty of Copenhagen Restores Trondheim to Norway and Bornholm to Denmark.
Treaty of Oliva[51] Ends hostilities between Sweden and Poland.
1661 Treaty of Cardis[52] Ends war started in 1656 between Sweden and Russia.
Treaty of Den Haag The Dutch Empire recognizes Portuguese imperial sovereignty over Recife in Brazil.
1662 Treaty of Montmartre Duke Charles IV gives to Louis XIV the throne to the Duchy of Lorraine.
1663 Treaty of Ghilajharighat Between the Ahoms and the Mughal forces.
1664 Peace of Vasvár Between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire after the Battle of Saint Gotthard; lasted until 1683.
1665 Treaty of Purandar[53] Between Rajput Jai Singh and Shivaji Maharaj.
1667 Treaty of Breda Ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
Treaty of Andrusovo Ends the war between Muscovy and Poland-Lithuania.
1668 First Triple Alliance Alliance between England, the United Provinces and Sweden.
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle Ends the War of Devolution between Louis XIV of France and Habsburg Spain.
Treaty of Bongaja Sultan Saif-ud-Din of Tidore recognizes the influence of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Indonesian territories.
Treaty of Lisbon Spain recognizes Portuguese sovereignty after the Portuguese Restoration War; Portugal cedes Ceuta to Spain.
1670 Secret Treaty of Dover France helps England to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England assists France militarily against the Dutch Republic.
Treaty of Madrid Between England and Spain.
1672 Treaty of Buczacz Between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire.
1674 Treaty of Westminster Ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
1675 Strasbourg Agreement First international agreement banning the use of chemical weapons (i.e. poisoned bullets); signed between France and the Holy Roman Empire.
1677 Treaty of 1677[54] Native American tribes in Virginia swear fealty to the British Empire.
1678 Treaties of Nijmegen Ends the Franco-Dutch War.
Treaty of Casco Ends war between the eastern Native Americans and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1681 Treaty of Bakhchisarai Concludes the Russo-Turkish War, 1676-1681; establishes a 20-year truce whereby the Dnieper River would separate the Ottoman Empire from Russian territories.
1686 Eternal Peace Treaty Ends war between Muscovy and Poland.
1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk Ends war between the Russian Empire and the Qing Dynasty of China.
1697 Treaty of Ryswick Ends the War of the Grand Alliance.
1698 Treaty of Den Haag[55] Attempts to resolve the issue of who would inherit the Spanish throne.
1699 Treaty of Karlowitz[56] Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye Denmark, Russia, Saxony, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth divide Swedish territories.

Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... The Treaty of Lyons was signed on January 17, 1601 between France, Spain, and Savoy. ... Henry IV (French: Henri IV; December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), was the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France. ... The Bugey (French: le Bugey) is a historical region in the département of Ain, France. ... Gex is a commune and the chief town of the Gex arrondissement in the Ain département, France, 5 km from the Swiss border, and 16 km from Geneva. ... Bresse is an area of France, in the eastern part of the country, and a former province. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... The Somerset House Conference. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... The Peace of Zsitvatorok or Peace of Žitava (Hungarian and Slovak name, respectively), established on November 11, 1606, ended the Long War or Fifteen Years War between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy. ... The Long War was fought between the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire from 1593 to 1606, mostly in the Balkans. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... The Treaty of Vienna (also known as the Peace of Vienna) was signed on June 23, 1606 between Stephen Bocskay, a Hungarian noble, and Archduke Matthias. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Consequences of the Battle of Mohács, and the conquest of Buda in 1541 by the Ottomans: the Kingdom is partitioned. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... The Treaty of Lieben was signed on June 25, 1608 between Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II and his brother, Holy Roman Emperor Matthias. ... Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II Rudolph IIs personal imperial crown, later crown of the Austrian Empire Rudolf II Habsburg was an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, king of Bohemia, and king of Hungary. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Holy Roman Emperor Matthias Matthias (February 24, 1557 - March 20, 1619) of the House of Habsburg reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1612-1619, as King of Hungary from 1608-1619 (as Matthias II), and as King of Bohemia from 1611-1617. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... The Treaty of Antwerp (or the Twelve Years Truce) was signed on April 9, 1609 between Spain and the Netherlands. ... Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... The Treaty of Knäred was signed on January 21, 1613 and ended the Kalmar War (1611-1613) between Denmark and Sweden. ... Kalmar War The Kalmar War lasted from 1611 to 1613. ... The Two Row Wampum treaty, also known as Guswhenta or Kaswehnta, is an agreement made between representatives of the Five Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) and representatives of the Dutch government in 1613 in what is now upstate New York. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... The Treaty of Xanten (German: ) was signed on November 12, 1614 between Wolfgang William, Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg and John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... The Peace of Asti was signed in July of 1615 between the Spanish Empire and Savoy. ... Charles Emmanuel I (b. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Montferrat (in Italian, Monferrato) is part of the province of Asti in Italy. ... The Peace of Tyrnau was signed on May 6, 1615 between Holy Roman Emperor Matthias and Gábor Bethlen. ... Gabriel Bethlen (de Iktár) (-English, German, Romanian; Hungarian: Bethlen Gábor, Slovak: Gabriel Betlen; 1580-1629) was a prince of Transylvania (1613-1629) and leader of an anti-Habsburg insurrection in the Habsburg Royal Hungary, on the territory of present-day Slovakia. ... This is a list of Transylvanian rulers Categories: Transylvania | History of Hungary | History of Romania | Lists of office-holders | Hungary-related lists | Romania-related lists ... == {| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1613 1614 1615 - 1616 - 1617 1618 1619 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1580s 1590s 1600s - 1610s - 1620s 1630s 1640s |- tall> 16th century - 17th century - 18th century |} randomised 1616 was a leap year starting on Friday... The Treaty of Loudun was signed on May 3, 1616 between Queen Marie de Medici and the rebellious princes led by Henry II, the third Prince of Condé. The agreement officially ended the revolts that many nobles in France had established. ... Marie de Medici (April 26, 1573 - July 3, 1642), born in Italy as Maria de Medici, was queen consort of France under the French name Marie de Médicis. ... Henry II of Bourbon (September 1, 1588 – December 26, 1646) became Prince of Condé shortly after his birth, following the death of his father Henry I in battle. ... Prince of Condé is a title in French peerage, attributed for the first time to Louis of Bourbon, brother of Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendome and uncle of Henry IV of France. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... The Treaty of Pavia was signed in Pavia on October 9, 1617 between representatives of the Spanish Empire and Savoy. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Montferrat (in Italian, Monferrato) is part of the province of Asti in Italy. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova, in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo language Mantua) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... The Treaty of Stolbovo is a peace treaty of 1617 that ended the Ingrian War, fought between Sweden and Russia. ... The Ingrian War, which lasted from 1610 to 1617, was initiated by Sweden against Russia in a final attempt to put a Swedish count on the Russian throne, but ended with a large Swedish territorial gain in the Treaty of Stolbovo See also The De la Gardie Campaign Dymitriads Mikhail... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Truce of Deulino (also known as Peace or Treaty of Dywilino), was signed in December 1618 and concluded the Dymitriad wars (also known as Polish-Muscovy War of 1605-1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovy. ... Combatants Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Muscovite Russia The Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) is the name of the series of wars (1605–1618) between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Russia (or Muscovy), in the background of the Russian dynastic crisis known as the Time of Troubles (1598–1613). ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... The Treaty of Angoulême was signed on August 10, 1619 between Queen Marie de Medici and her son, King Louis XIII of France in Angoulême, France. ... Marie de Medici (April 26, 1573 - July 3, 1642), born in Italy as Maria de Medici, was queen consort of France under the French name Marie de Médicis. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... The Treaty of Munich was signed on October 8, 1619 in Munich between Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Duke Maximilian of Bavaria. ... Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria and his second wife, Maria Anna of Austria Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria (17 April 1573 – 27 September 1651), called the Great,, was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... See Palatine Hill for geography of Rome. ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Ulm (German: ) was signed on July 3, 1620 between representatives of the Catholic League and the Protestant Union. ... The Protestant Union or Evangelical Union or Union of Auhausen was a coalition of Protestant German states that was formed in 1608 to defend the rights, lands and person of each member. ... Frederick V, Elector Palatine Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia (August 16, 1596 -November 29, 1632) was, as the son and heir of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine, the Elector of the Rhine Palatinate in the Holy Roman Empire upon his fathers death in 1610. ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Peace of Nikolsburg or Peace of Mikulov was signed on December 31, 1621 in Nikolsburg, Moravia (now Mikulov in the Czech Republic). ... Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania (1580-1629) Gabriel (Gabor) Bethlen (Hungarian: Bethlen Gábor, Slovak: Gabriel Betlen) (1580-1629), prince of Transylvania (1613-1629) and leader of a anti-Habsburg insurrection in the Habsburg Royal Hungary on the territory of present-day Slovakia. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The Treaty of Madrid was signed on April 26, 1621 by French courtier, François de Bassompierre. ... The Valtelline valley, in northern Italy, is nowadays a slumbering mountain valley in the northern part of Lombardy. ... Grisons or Graubünden (German: Graubünden; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... The Treaty of Montpellier (or the Peace of Montpellier) was signed on October 18, 1622 between King Louis XIII of France and Duke Henry II of Rohan. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Henri II, viscount of Rohan (1579–April 13, 1638), later duke of Rohan, French soldier, writer and leader of the Huguenots, was born at the château of Blain, in Brittany. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Calvinists (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... The Treaty of Paris was signed in February of 1623 between France, Savoy, and Venice. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... The Valtelline valley, in northern Italy, is nowadays a slumbering mountain valley in the northern part of Lombardy. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on December 9, 1625 between the British Empire and the Dutch Empire. ... The coronation of King Christian IV, painted by Otto Bache, 1887. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ... The Peace of Pressburg (also called Peace of Bratislava) is the name of 4 peace agreements concluded in the present-day town of Bratislava. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The Treaty of Monzón was signed on March 6, 1626 between France and Spain. ... The Valtelline valley, in northern Italy, is nowadays a slumbering mountain valley in the northern part of Lombardy. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Munich was signed in 1628 between Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Duke Maximilian of Bavaria. ... Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria and his second wife, Maria Anna of Austria Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria (17 April 1573 – 27 September 1651), called the Great,, was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire &#8212; German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) &#8212; were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... The Treaty of Lübeck was signed on May 22, 1629 by Albrecht von Wallenstein, Duke of Friedland, and King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A six-year Truce of Altmark was signed on September 25, 1629 at the German town of Altmark, near Danzig by Sweden and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during Thirty Years War. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Peace of Alais, sometimes called the Edict of Alès, was issued by King Louis XIII on 28 June, 1629. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Calvinists (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... The War of the Mantuan Succession (1627-1631) came as a result of the extinction of the main male line of Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua in 1627. ... The War of the Mantuan Succession (1627-1631) came as a result of the extinction of the main male line of Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua in 1627. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... The Treaty of Barwald was signed on January 23, 1631 between Armand Jean du Plessis and the Swedish Empire. ... The War of the Mantuan Succession (1627-1631) came as a result of the extinction of the main male line of Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua in 1627. ... The War of the Mantuan Succession (1627-1631) came as a result of the extinction of the main male line of Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua in 1627. ... The Treaty of Fontainebleau (German: ) was signed on May 30, 1631 between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye was signed on March 29, 1632. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Treaty of Polanów (Polyanov, Eternal Treaty of Polanov) was signed in Polanów nad WiaźmÄ…, between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovy on 14 June 1634 as a consequence of the Smolensk War (Polish-Muscovy War of 1632-1634) The peace treaty confirmed the pre-war status quo... The Smolensk War was a conflict fought in the years 1632- 1634 between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Muscovy. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... The Peace of Prague of 30 May 1635 was a treaty between the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II, and most of the Protestant states of the Empire. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Treaty of Sztumska WieÅ›, wall painting from Kielce castle. ... Sweden between the years 1611 and 1718 is known as the Swedish Empire. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events February 24 - King Christian of Denmark gives an order that all beggars that are able to work must be sent to Brinholmen Island to build ships or as galley rowers March 26 - Utrecht University founded in The Netherlands. ... The Treaty of Wismar was signed on March 20, 1636 between France and Sweden at Wismar in Mecklenburg. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... The Treaty of Hamburg was signed on March 5, 1638 between Cardinal Richelieu of France and Sweden. ... The Treaty of Wismar was signed on March 20, 1636 between France and Sweden at Wismar in Mecklenburg. ... The livre tournois (or Tournoise pound) was a currency used in France, named after the town of Tours, in which it was minted. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... The Treaty of Berwick (also known as the Peace of Berwick or the Pacification of Berwick) was signed on June 18, 1639 between Charles I of England and the Scots. ... The Bishops Wars, a series of armed encounters and defiances between England and Scotland in 1639 and 1640, were part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... “Scot” redirects here. ... The Treaty of Zuhab was an accord signed between Safavid Persia and the Ottoman Empire. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Treaty of Asurar Ali was signed in early February of 1639 between the Mughal commander Allah Yar Khan and the Ahom commander Momai Tamuli Borbarua. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... The Ahom Kingdom (1228-1826) was established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river, between the extant Chutiya kingdom in the north and the Kachari kingdom in the south. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The Treaty of Ripon was an agreement signed by Charles I of England and the Scots on October 26, 1640 in the aftermath of the Second Bishops War. ... Charles I King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles I (19 November 1600 - 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his death. ... The Bishops’ Wars—Bellum Episcopalae—refers to two armed encounters between Charles I and the Scottish Covenanters in 1639 and 1640, which helped to set the stage for the English Civil War and the subsequent Wars of the Three Kingdoms // The Scottish Reformation in 1560 was intended to settle the... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... The Solemn League and Covenant was an agreement between the Scottish Covenanters and the leaders of the English Parliamentarians. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... James VI of Scotland (James I of England) was opposed by the Covenanters in his attempt to bring the Anglican Church into Scotland The Covenanters formed an important movement in the religion and politics of Scotland in the 17th century. ... The Roundheads was the nickname given to supporters of the Parliamentarian cause in the English Civil War. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... The Treaty of Brömsebro of August 13, 1645 ended the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, which had begun in 1643. ... The Hannibal war, Hannibal controversy or Torstenson War was a short period of conflict between Sweden and Denmark/Norway which occurred in 1643 to 1645 during the waning days of the Thirty Years’ War. ... 1647 (MDCXLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Truce of Ulm (German: ) or Treaty of Ulm was signed in Ulm on March 14, 1647 between France, Sweden, and Bavaria. ... Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria and his second wife, Maria Anna of Austria Maximilian I, Elector and Duke of Bavaria (17 April 1573 – 27 September 1651), called the Great,, was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 The Peace of Westphalia, also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, refers to the... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... The Treaty of Concordia (or the Partition Treaty of 1648) was signed on March 23, 1648 between the French and the Dutch. ... St. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... The Peace of Rueil (French: Paix de Rueil), signed 11 March 1649, signalled an end to the opening episodes of the Fronde, Frances civil war, after little blood had been shed. ... The Fronde (1648–1653) was a civil war in France, followed by the Franco-Spanish War (1653). ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Breda (1650) was signed on May 1, 1650 between Charles II (King in exile of England, Scotland and Ireland) and the Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The Covenanters, named after the Solemn League and Covenant, were a party that, originating in the Reformation movement, played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent in that of England, during the 17th century. ... The Wars of the Three Kingdoms were an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in Scotland, Ireland, and England between 1639 and 1651 at a time when these countries had come under the Personal Rule of the same monarch. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... The Treaty of Bila Tserkva was a peace treaty between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ukrainian Cossacks in the aftermath of the Battle of Berestechko. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Ivan Bogun fighting the Poles in the Battle of Berestechko. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Pereyaslav Rada The Treaty of Pereyaslav was concluded in 1654 in the Ukrainian city of Pereyaslav during the meeting known as Pereyaslavska Uhoda (Pereyaslav Treaty). ... This article needs cleanup. ... The 1654 Treaty of Westminster ended the First Anglo-Dutch War of 1652&#8211;1654. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... The Treaty of Königsberg was signed in Königsberg on January 17, 1656 between Charles X of Sweden and Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622 &#8211; 1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. ... The Treaty of Labiau was a treaty signed between Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg and King Charles X Gustav of Sweden on November 20, 1656 in Labiau, Ducal Prussia. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire &#8212; German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) &#8212; were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622-Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ... The Treaty of Bydgoszcz was a political act signed by the King of Poland Jan Kazimierz and the prince-elector of Brandenburg Frederick William I in the city of Bydgoszcz on November 6, 1657. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna Teresa... Margrave is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg. ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... The Treaty of Paris was signed in March of 1657 between the governments of England and France. ... The Treaty of Raalte was signed on October 1, 1657 by Willem II and resulted in Willem giving up the viceroyship of Overijssel. ... Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... The Treaty of Welawa was a political act signed in the Prussian town of Welawa (German Wehlau) between Poland and Brandenburg-Prussia during the Swedish Deluge on September 9, 1657. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... This is a 19th century design for a COA of a proposed Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth which never came into being. ... The Treaty of Taastrup (or Høje Taastrup Peace) was a preliminary accord signed on February 11, 1658 between Charles X Gustav of Sweden and King Frederick III of Denmark. ... The Treaty of Roskilde was signed on February 26, 1658 in the Danish city Roskilde, whereby the king of Denmark-Norway sacrificed nearly half his territory to save the rest. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... King Frederick III Frederick III (March 28, 1609 – February 19, 1670) was King of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. ... The Treaty of Roskilde was signed on February 26, 1658 in the Danish city Roskilde, whereby the king of Denmark-Norway sacrificed nearly half his territory to save the rest. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... The Treaty of Copenhagen was signed in 1660 and marked the conclusion of the Second Northern War between Sweden and the alliance of Denmark and Poland-Lithuania. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea. ... Treaty of Oliwa. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Cardis was a peace settlement made in 1661 between Muscovite Russia and the Swedish Empire. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed in 1661 between representatives of the Dutch Empire and the Portuguese Empire. ... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... Nickname: Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice) and Mauricéia (after the Dutch colonization) Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... The Treaty of Montmartre was signed on February 6, 1662 between Louis XIV and Duke Charles of Lorraine. ... Charles IV (* April 5, 1604 in Nancy – September 18, 1675 in Allenbach), was the titular Duke of Lorraine from 1661 to 1670 See also: Dukes of Lorraine family tree Categories: French people stubs | Dukes of Lorraine | 1604 births | 1675 deaths ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638&#8211;September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lorraine (province). ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... The Treaty of Ghilajharighat, Tipam, was signed between the Ahoms and the Mughal forces led by Mir Jumla on January 23, 1663. ... The Ahom Kingdom (1228-1826) was established by Sukaphaa, a Tai prince from Mong Mao, in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra river, between the extant Chutiya kingdom in the north and the Kachari kingdom in the south. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... The Peace of Vasvár was a treaty between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire which followed the Battle of Saint Gotthard of August 1, 1664. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... // Combatants Austria, Holy Roman Empire, League of the Rhine, France Ottoman Empire Commanders Raimondo Montecuccoli, Leopold Wilhelm of Baden-Baden, Count Coligny Ahmed Köprülü Strength ~ 80,000 including Imperial and French troops [1] ~ 10,000 [] Casualties 50,000-60,000 killed or wounded 9,800 killed or wounded... 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Purandar (or Treaty of Purandhar) was signed on June 11, 1665 between Rajput Jai Singh and Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. ... Rajput (from the Sanskrit tatpurusha compound , son of a king) is a Caste among Hindus in India, Pakistan and Nepal. ... This article needs cleanup. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, July 31, 1667, by England, the United Provinces (the Netherlands), France, and Denmark. ... The Royal Prince and other vessels at the Four Days Fight, 11–14 June 1666 by Abraham Storck depicts a battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... Treaty of Andrusovo, 1667 (Polish Rozejm w Andruszowie, Russian &#1040;&#1085;&#1076;&#1088;&#1091;&#1089;&#1086;&#1074;&#1089;&#1082;&#1086;&#1077; &#1087;&#1077;&#1088;&#1077;&#1084;&#1080;&#1088;&#1080;&#1077;, Ukrainian &#1040;&#1085;&#1076;&#1088;&#1091;&#1089;&#1110;&#1074;&#1089;&#1100;&#1082;&#1077; &#1087;&#1077;&#1088;&#1077;&#1084;&#1080;&#1088... The Commonwealth around 1619 Official languages Polish, Latin Established church Roman Catholic Capital Cracow (until 1596) Warsaw (from 1596) Largest City Gda&#324;sk, later Warsaw Head of state King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania Area about 1 million km² Population about 11 million Existed 1569 - 1795 The Polish... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Triple Alliance of 1668 consisted of England, Sweden, and the United Provinces. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 2 May 1668 ended the War of Devolution between France and Spain. ... The War of Devolution (May 24, 1667 – May 2, 1668) was a war between Louis XIVs France and Habsburg Spain fought in the Spanish Netherlands. ... Sun King redirects here. ... The Treaty of Bongaja was signed on November 18, 1668 between Sultan Saif-ud-Din of Tidore and the Dutch East India Company (VOC). ... Tidore is an island and town in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, just west of the larger island of Halmahera. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... VOC is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: A historic trade organization (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie); see Dutch East India Company A group of chemical compounds; see Volatile Organic Compounds Vehicle operating costs Voice of the customer Creative Voice file, a proprietary audio format developed by Creative... The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on February 13, 1668, between Afonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, by mediation of Charles II of England. ... Portuguese Restoration War (Portuguese: guerras da restauração) is the war between Portugal and Spain after the revolt of December 1640. ... Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  75,276  2688. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Dover, also known as the Secret Treaty of Dover, was an offensive and defensive treaty between England and France signed at Dover. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... The Treaty of Madrid adopted in 1670 was a treaty between England and Spain. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... The Peace of Buczacz was signed on October 12, 1672 in Buczacz between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... The Treaty of Westminster was the peace treaty that ended the Third Anglo-Dutch War. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... The Strasbourg Agreement of 1675 is the first international agreement banning the use of chemical weapons. ... 1677 (MDCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of 1677 (or the Treaty Between Virginia And The Indians 1677) was signed in Virginia on May 28, 1677 between Charles II of England and representatives from various Native American tribes. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... The Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen (Negotiations de Nimegue or Negotiations de la Paix de Nimegue) were a series of treaties, signed in the Dutch city of Nijmegen, August 1678 - December 1679, ending war between various countries, including France, United Provinces, Spain, Brandenburg, Sweden, Denmark, Münster, the Holy Roman... The Dutch War (1672–1678) was a war fought between France and a quadruple alliance consisting of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the United Provinces. ... Treaty of Casco (1678) brought to a close the war between the eastern Indians and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... The Treaty of Bakhchisarai was a peace treaty signed at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War, 1676-1681 on January 3, 1681 by Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and the Crimean Khanate. ... Russo-Turkish War of 1676-1681, a war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, caused by the spreading Turkish aggression in the second half of the 17th century. ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... 1686 (MDCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 (Polish Pokój wieczysty or Pokój Grzymu&#322;towskiego, Russian &#1042;&#1077;&#1095;&#1085;&#1099;&#1081; &#1084;&#1080;&#1088;) was a treaty between Russia and Poland, signed by Polish envoys: voivod of Pozna&#324; Krzysztof Grzymu&#322;towski and chancellor of Lithuania Marcjan... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... Nerchinsk Treaty was the first treaty between Russia and China. ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great (first)  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II (last) History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 April, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq... The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun; Mongolian: Манж Чин), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1912. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher... The Treaty of Ryswick was signed on 20 September 1697 and named after Ryswick (also known as Rijswijk) in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands). ... Nine Years War redirects here. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague or the First Partition Treaty) was signed on October 11, 1698 between England and France. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... The Treaty of Karlowitz was signed in 1699 in Sremski Karlovci (a city in modern-day Serbia and Montenegro) (German: Karlowitz, Turkish:Karlofça), concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 1683–1697 in which the Ottoman side was defeated. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Treaty of Preobrazhenskoye (or the Treaty of Preobrazhenskoe) was negotiated by Johann Patkul and signed on November 22, 1699 in Preobrazhenskoye (now a part of Moscow), a favoured residence of the tsar Peter the Great. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

1700–1799

Year Name Summary
1700 Treaty of London[57] An attempt to restore the Pragmatic Sanction following the death of Duke Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria.
Treaty of Constantinople Peace between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
1701 Great Peace of Montreal Peace treaty between New France and the 39 First Nations of North America.
Treaty of Den Haag England, Austria, the United Provinces, and the Holy Roman Empire establish a defensive alliance against France.
1703 Treaty of Methuen Between Portugal and the Kingdom of England.
1706 Treaty of Altranstädt Between Augustus II, king of Poland and elector of Saxony, and Charles XII of Sweden.
1707 Treaty of Union Unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Treaty of Altranstädt Emperor Joseph I guarantees to Charles XII religious tolerance and liberty of conscience for Silesian Protestants.
1711 Treaty of Szatmár[58] Ends the Kuruc Rebellion led by Francis II Rákóczi.
1713 Treaty of Utrecht Ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
1714 Treaty of Baden Ends hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire and also ends the War of the Spanish Succession.
1717 Second Triple Alliance Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and France.
1718 Treaty of Passarowitz[59] Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1720 Treaty of Den Haag[60] Spain cedes territories to Italy after the War of the Quadruple Alliance.
Treaty of Frederiksborg Ends Great Northern War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway.
Treaty of Stockholm Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Hanover, Prussia and Denmark.
1721 Treaty of Nystad Ends the Great Northern War between Sweden and Russia.
1725 Treaty of Vienna Ends Austrian claims to the Spanish throne; Austria helps Spain to reacquire Gibraltar from the British.
1728 Treaty of Kyakhta Redefines boundaries between Russia and China.
1729 Treaty of Seville Britain maintains control over Port Mahon and Gibraltar.
1731 Treaty of Vienna Verifies the Quadruple Alliance between the Holy Roman Empire, Britain, the Dutch Empire, and Spain.
1732 Treaty of Riascha Ends Russian claims over Persian territories.
1738 Treaty of Vienna Ends the War of the Polish Succession.
1739 Treaty of El Pardo Spain and the United Kingdom settle their respective claims to American navigation and trade.
Treaty of Nissa Ends the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Belgrade Ends the war between Austria and the Ottoman Empire.
1740 Treaty of Friendship and Alliance   Between the Miskito nation and Kingdom of Great Britain.
1742 Treaty of Berlin Ends First Silesian War.
Treaty of Breslau Ends First Silesian War.
1743 Treaty of Åbo[61] Ends the Hats' Russian War.
Treaty of Worms Establishes political alliance between the Kingdom of Great Britain, Austria and Sardinia.
1745 Treaty of Dresden Austria confirms the loss of Silesia to Prussia after the Second Silesian War.
Treaty of Fontainebleau Establishes military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart.
Treaty of Füssen Ends Bavaria's support of the French in the War of the Austrian Succession.
1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle Ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
1750 Treaty of Madrid Defines the boundaries of the Spanish and the Portuguese colonies in South America, replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas.
1752 Treaty of Aranjuez Recognizes Spanish and Austrian interests in Italy.
1755 Treaty of Gianti Java[62] Divides the Sultanate of Mataram between Prince Mangkubumi and Pakubuwono III.
1756 Treaty of Westminster Treaty of neutrality between Prussia and the British Empire.
1757 Treaty of Alinagar Between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal.
1758 Treaty of Easton Native Americans agree not to fight the British during the French and Indian War.
1761 Treaty of El Pardo Nullifies the Treaty of Madrid.
1762 Treaty of Hamburg Between Prussia and Sweden after Russia breaks its alliance with Prussia.
1763 Treaty of Hubertusburg Ends the Seven Years' War.
First Treaty of Paris
1765 Treaty of Allahabad Mughal Emperor Shah Aalum grants Diwani rights to the British East India Company.
1766 Treaty of Batticaloa[63] King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy recognizes Dutch imperial possessions in Sri Lanka.
1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix Comprised of two treaties between Native Americans and European-Americans.
Treaty of Masulipatam Confirms the conquest of the state of Hyderabad by the British.
1774 Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji Ends Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774.
1776 Treaty of Watertown Alliance between the State of Massachusetts Bay and the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia.
Treaty of Purandar[64] Between the peshwa of the Maratha people and the British East India Company.
1777 First Treaty of San Ildefonso Ends disputes between Portugal and Spain over the territories of The Seven Missions and of Colonia del Sacramento.
Treaty of Aranjuez Defines Spanish and French colonies on Santo Domingo.
1778 Treaty of Alliance Alliance between the United States and France.
Treaty of El Pardo Queen Maria I of Portugal cedes Annobón, Bioko, and territories on the Guinea coast to King Charles III of Spain.
Treaty of Fort Pitt[65] Gives the United States permission to travel through Delaware territory, as well as to call upon the Delaware Indians to help American troops fight against the British.
1779 Treaty of Aranjuez Spain joins the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Treaty of Teschen Ends the War of the Bavarian Succession between Austria and Prussia.
1780 Treaty of Aranjuez Spain cedes territories to Morocco.
1783 Second Treaty of Paris Ends the American Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Georgievsk Establishes the east Georgian kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti as a protectorate under suzerainty of the Russian Empire.
1785 Treaty of Hopewell Between the United States and the Cherokee Indians.
Treaty of Fort McIntosh Native American tribes cede to the United States all claims to land in the Ohio Country east of the Cuyahoga and Muskingum rivers; tribes also cede the areas surrounding Fort Detroit and Fort Michilimackinac.
1786 Eden Agreement Between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France.
Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship The oldest non-broken friendship treaty between Morocco and the United States.
Treaty of Hopewell Between the United States, the Choctaw Indians, and the Chikasaw Indians.
1787 Treaty of Beaufort[66] Officially sets the all-river boundary between the U.S. states of Georgia and South Carolina.
1788 Third Triple Alliance Alliance between Kingdom of Great Britain, the United Provinces and Kingdom of Prussia.
1789 Jay-Gardoqui Treaty Trade treaty between United States and Spain.
Treaty of Fort Harmar Between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country.
1790 Treaty of Värälä Ends Russo-Swedish War (1788-1790).
Treaty of New York Between Henry Knox and the Creek people.
1791 Treaty of Holston Settles disputes between the United States and the Cherokee over the territories south of the Ohio River; proclaimed and amended in 1792.
1792 Treaty of Jassy Ends the Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792).
1794 Jay Treaty[67] Attempts to settle post-Revolution disputes between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Treaty of Canandaigua Establishes peace and friendship between the United States and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee).
1795 Hedges Treaty Recognizes the Batavian Republic as a French vassal state.
Pinckney's Treaty[68] Defines boundaries of the United States and Spanish colonies.
Treaty of Den Haag The Batavian Republic cedes Venlo, Flanders, and Maastricht to France.
Treaty of Greenville Ends the war between the United States and a coalition of Native Americans.
Treaty of Basel Comprised of three agreements whereby France made peace with Prussia, Spain and Hessen-Kassel; concludes the stage of the French Revolutionary Wars against the First Coalition.
1796 Treaty of Tripoli[69] Ends the war between the United States and Tripoli.
Treaty of New York Between the Seven Nations of Canada and a U.S. delegation led by Abraham Ogden.
Treaty of Colerain Affirms the binding of the Treaty of New York (1790) and establishes the boundary line between the Creek Nation and the United States.
Second Treaty of San Ildefonso Treaty of alliance between Spain and France against Britain.
1797 Treaty of Leoben[70] Preliminary accord to the Treaty of Campo Formio; Austria loses Belgium and Lombardy in exchange for Istria and Dalmatia.
Treaty of Campo Formio Ends the first phase of the Napoleonic Wars.
Treaty of Tolentino Between France and the Papal States.
Treaty with Tunis Peace treaty between the United States and the 'Barbary State' of Tunis, nominally part of the Ottoman Empire.

Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of London, agreed in 1700 and sometimes known as the Second Partition Treaty, was an attempt to restore the Pragmatic Sanction following the death of Duke Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, which had undermined the First Partition Treaty (the Treaty of the Hague, 1698). ... A pragmatic sanction is a sovereigns solemn decree on a matter of primary importance and has the force of fundamental law. ... Duke Joseph Ferdinand Leopold of Bavaria (28 October 1692 - 6 February 1699) was the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (1679-1705, 1714-1726) and his first wife, Marie Antonie of Austria, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal granddaughter of King Felipe IV of Spain. ... The Treaty of Constantinople was signed on July 14, 1700 between Russia and the Ottoman Empire and ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1686-1700. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... The Great Peace of Montreal was a peace treaty between New France and 39 First Nations of North America. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on September 7, 1701 between England, the Holy Roman Empire, and the United Provinces. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... The Methuen Treaty was a treaty on wine and textiles trade treaty between Portugal and England signed in 1703. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Capital Winchester, then London from 11th century. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Altranstadt is a village of Germany, in Prussian Saxony near Merseburg (q. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Carl XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 – November 30, 1718), the Alexander of the North, nicknamed in Turkish as DemirbaÅŸ Åžarl (Charles the Habitué), was a King of Sweden from 1697 until his death in 1718. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Walter Thomas Monningtons 1925 painting called Parliamentary Union of England and Scotland 1707 hangs in the Palace of Westminster depicting the official presentation of the law that formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Capital Winchester, then London from 11th century. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one strikes me with impunity) Capital Edinburgh¹ Language(s) Gaelic, Scots Government Monarchy King/Queen  - 843-860 Kenneth I  - 1587–1625 James VI  - 1702-1714 Anne Legislature Parliament of Scotland History  - United 843  - Union of the Crowns March 24, 1603  - Act of Union... Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... Altranstadt is a village of Germany, in Prussian Saxony near Merseburg (q. ... There have been two monarchs and one exarch named Joseph I Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1678-1711) Joseph I of Portugal (1750-1777) Joseph I of Bulgaria, Bulgarian Exarch (1877-1915) This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Charles XII is: Charles XII, or Karl XII, (1682 - 1718), King of Sweden - see Charles XII of Sweden a 19th_century racehorse _ see Charles XII (horse) a pub in the Yorkshire village of Heslington, named after the racehorse - see Heslington This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which... This article is about the West Slavic language / Polish dialect. ... 1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Szatmár (or the Peace of Szatmár) was signed on April 30, 1711 between Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Hungarian Commander-in-Chief Sándor Károlyi and János Pálffy. ... The kuruc (Hungarian: kuruczok/kurucok [sg. ... Francis II Rákóczi Francis II Rákóczi (Borsi, March 27, 1676 - Rodosto, Ottoman Empire, April 8, 1735) was the leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in 1703-11 as the prince (fejedelem) of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... // Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713... The Treaties of Utrecht (April 11, 1713) were signed in Utrecht, a city of the United Provinces. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... The Treaty of Baden was the treaty that ended hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire, who had been at war with one another since the War of the Spanish Succession. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... The Triple Alliance was an agreement between England, France and the Netherlands, against Spain, attempting to maintain the agreement of the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht. ... Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... The Treaty of Passarowitz was the peace treaty signed in Požarevac, Serbia (German: Passarowitz, Turkish Pasarofça, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) on July 21, 1718 between the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria and the Republic of Venice on the other. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on February 17, 1720. ... The War of the Quadruple Alliance was a minor European war fought between 1718 and 1720, mostly in Italy, between Spain on the one side, and the Quadruple Alliance of Austria, France, Great Britain, and the United Provinces. ... The Treaty of Frederiksborg refers to the treaty signed on Frederiksborg Palace July 3, 1720, that ended the Great Northern War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway. ... It has been suggested that Charles XII invasion of Russia be merged into this article or section. ... The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... The Treaty of Stockholm refers to two treaties signed in 1719 and 1720 that ended the Great Northern War between Sweden on one side and Hannover and Prussia. ... It has been suggested that Charles XII invasion of Russia be merged into this article or section. ... Hanover (German: Hannover ( ) []), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... The Treaty of Nystad (1721), signed at the present-day Finnish town of Uusikaupunki (Swedish Nystad), ended the Great Northern War, in which Russia received the territories of Estonia, Livonia and Ingria, as well as much of Karelia and Tsar Peter I of Russia replaced King Frederick I of Sweden... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... The Treaty of Vienna was signed on April 30, 1725 between Emperor Charles VI of Austria and King Philip IV of Spain. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... The Treaty of Kyakhta (sometimes known as the Treaty of Kiakhta) (Russian: Кяхтинский договор; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was one of several treaties between Imperial Russia and the Qing Empire in the early modern period, establishing trade agreements and defining the border between Russian Siberia and the Qing territories of Mongolia and Manchuria. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... The Treaty of Seville was between England, France and Spain, and signed in 1729. ... The Irish surname MacMahon is not related. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... The Treaty of Vienna was first signed on March 16, 1731 by Count Finzendorf and Philip Stanhope of Chesterfield. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... The Treaty of Rasht was signed in Rasht on January 21, 1732 between the Russian Empire and Persia. ... Events February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württenberg April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... The Treaty of Vienna was signed on November 18, 1738. ... The War of the Polish Succession (1733-1738) was a European war and a Polish civil war, with considerable interference from other countries, to determine the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland, as well as an attempt by the Bourbon powers to check the power of Austria in western... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... The Treaty of El Pardo was signed on January 14, 1739 between representatives of the British Empire and the Spanish Empire. ... The Treaty of Nissa is a peace treaty signed on October 3, 1739 in Nissa by the Ottoman Empire on one side and Russia on the other. ... The Treaty of Belgrade was the peace treaty signed on September 18, 1739 in Belgrade, Serbia by the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Austria on the other. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... The Treaty of Friendship and Alliance was signed on March 16, 1740 between King Edward I of the Miskito Nation and the British. ... For the insect, see mosquito The Miskito are a Native American people in Central America. ... Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... The Treaty of Berlin was signed on July 28, 1742 between Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa and Frederick II of Prussia. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... The Treaty of Breslau was signed on June 11, 1742 between Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa and Frederick II of Prussia. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... The Treaty of Ã…bo or Treaty of Turku is a Peace Treaty between Imperial Russia and Sweden after the Hats Russian War 1741-43. ... The Hats Russian War (1741-1743) was the Swedish participation in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... The Treaty of Worms was a political alliance formed between Great Britain, Austria and Sardinia, signed on September 13, 1743. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... The Treaty of Dresden was signed on December 25, 1745 between Austria and Prussia. ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... The Treaty of Fontainebleau refers to a number of agreements signed at Fontainebleau, France, often at the Château de Fontainebleau: October 24, 1745 creating a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart. ... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Maria Stuart (December 31, 1720 – January 31, 1788), was the exiled claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and was commonly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie. ... The Treaty of Füssen, signed on 22 April 1745, ended the participation of Bavaria on the French side in the War of the Austrian Succession. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... The second Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... The Treaty of Madrid was a document signed by Spain and Portugal concerning their empires and status of their slave plantations in what is now Brazil. ... The Treaty of Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas, Spanish: Tratado de Tordesillas), signed at Tordesillas (now in Valladolid province, Spain), June 7, 1494, divided the world outside of Europe into an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian 370 leagues (1550 km) west of... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Aranjuez was signed on June 14, 1752 between Austria and the Spanish Empire. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Gianti Java (or the Gianti Agreement) was signed on February 13, 1755 between Prince Mangkubumi, the Dutch East India Company, and Pakubuwono III along with his allies. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Westminster was a treaty of neutrality signed on January 16, 1756 between Frederick the Great of Prussia and King George II of the British Empire. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The treaty of Alinagar between Robert Clive of the british East India Company and the Bengal Nawab Mirza Muhammad Sirajuddaula, provided that: The nawab would recognize all the provisions of Farrukh Siyars Farman of 1717, English goods that passed through Bangal would be exempt from duties, The English would... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock companies. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in the Bengali language, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Easton was an colonial agreement in North America signed in October 1758 between the colonial British colonial government of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Native American tribes in the Ohio Country, including the Shawnee and Lenape. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Combatants France First Nations allies: * Algonquin * Huron * Ojibwa * Ottawa * Shawnee Great Britain Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) The French and Indian War was the nine-year North American chapter of the Seven Years War. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of El Pardo was signed in 1761 between representatives of the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire. ... The Treaty of Madrid was a document signed by Spain and Portugal concerning their empires and status of their slave plantations in what is now Brazil. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Hamburg was signed on May 22, 1762 between the Swedish Empire and Prussia. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Hubertusburg, signed on 15 February 1763, together with the Treaty of Paris signed on 10 February 1763, marked the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland Electorate of Hanover Kingdom of Portugal Brunswick Hesse-Kassel Holy Roman/Austrian Empire Kingdom of France Russian Empire Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and Sicily Kingdom of Sardinia The Seven Years War (1754... The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on August 16, 1765 between Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II of Bengal and Lord Clive of the British East India Company after the Battle of Buxar (1764). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock companies. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Batticaloa (or the Hanguranketha Treaty) was signed on February 14, 1766 between Dutch governor Wilhelm Falk and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy. ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy Kandy (මහනුවර/ සෙංකඩගල in Sinhala, கண்டி in Tamil) is the name used by British invaders for the city of Senkadagala (Mahanuwara) in the centre of Sri Lanka. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Two different treaties between Native Americans and European-Americans were signed at Fort Stanwix, which was located near present-day Rome, New York. ... The Treaty of Masulipatam was a doctrine signed on February 23, 1768 that confirmed the conquest of the state Hyderabad in India by the British Empire. ... Flag of the State of Hyderabad. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... The Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (Küçük Kaynarca) was signed on July 21, 1774, between Russia (represented by Field-Marshal Rumyantsev) and the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774. ... The Russo–Turkish War of 1768–1774 was a decisive conflict that brought Southern Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, and Crimea within the orbit of the Russian Empire. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Watertown, the first foreign treaty concluded by the United States of America after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, was signed on July 19, 1776 in the Edmund Fowle House in the town of Watertown, Massachusetts Bay. ... A map of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. ... The Mikmaq The Mikmaq (; also spelled Míkmaq, Migmaq, Micmac or MicMac) are a First Nations people, indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English, French (Canadian Gaelic) [] Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... The Treaty of Purandar (or Treaty of Purandhar) was a doctrine signed on March 1, 1776 by the peshwa of the Maratha people and the supreme government of the British East India Company in Calcutta. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The First Treaty of San Ildefonso was signed on October 1, 1777 between the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire. ... The Jesuit Reductions were a particular version of the general Spanish colonial strategy of building reducciones de indios in order to civilise and catechise the native populations of South America. ... Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Treaty of Aranjuez was signed on June 3, 1777 between the French Empire and the Spanish Empire. ... Santo Domingo de Guzmán, population 2,061,200 (Metro) (2003), estimated 2,253,437 (Metro) in 2006, is the capital and the largest city of the Dominican Republic. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Alliance of (1778) was a treaty between France and the United States wherein the two countries agreed to aid each other in the event of a British attack from the present time and forever. ... The Treaty of El Pardo was signed on March 11, 1778 between Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Image:Annobon island. ... Bioko (spelled also Bioco) is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, formerly called Fernando Pó or Fernando Póo. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Treaty of Fort Pitt, or the Treaty With the Delawares, was the first treaty signed by the new United States of America on September 17, 1778, with the Delaware Indians. ... The Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American people practicing small-scale agriculture to augment a largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region around the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Aranjuez was signed on April 12, 1779 between France and Spain. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries French Monarchy Dutch Republic Spanish Empire Oneida and Tuscarora tribes Polish volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Hessian mercenaries Iroquois Confederacy Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert du Motier Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben Sir William... The Treaty of Teschen was signed on May 13, 1779, between Austria and Prussia and ended the War of the Bavarian Succession. ... The War of the Bavarian Succession was a war that occurred in 1778 and 1779. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Aranjuez was signed on December 25, 1780 between Spain and Morocco. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries French Monarchy Dutch Republic Spanish Empire Oneida and Tuscarora tribes Polish volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Hessian mercenaries Iroquois Confederacy Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert du Motier Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben Sir William... The Treaty of Georgievsk established the protectorate of the Russian Empire on the Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti (in the eastern Georgia) and an alliance between the two countries in 1783. ... The Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti was created in 1762 by unification of two Eastern Georgian kingdoms, which existed independently since the disintegration of Georgian Kingdom in the 15th century. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Hopewell may refer to one of three different treaties signed at Hopewell, (the plantation of Andrew Pickens on the Keowee River in northwestern South Carolina) between the United States of America and Native American peoples. ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... The Treaty of Fort McIntosh was a treaty between the United States government and representatives of the Wyandotte, Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa nations of Native Americans. ... The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... Cuyahoga River in Cuyahoga Valley National Park The Cuyahoga River (IPA pronunciation: , or kuy-a-HAW-ga) is located in Northeast Ohio. ... The Muskingum River near its mouth at Marietta, Ohio in 2001 The Muskingum River is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 111 mi (179 km) long, in southeastern Ohio in the United States. ... Building and origins of Fort Detroit Fort Detroit began as a settlement on the Detroit River called Fort Ponchartrain. ... Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Eden Agreement was a treaty signed between Great Britain and France in 1786, named after the British negotiator. ... Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... // The 1786 Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship was signed by President Thomas Jefferson and the great Moroccan king Muhammad III.[1] Muhammad III, or Sidi Muhammad ibn Abdallah, came to power towards the end of the 18th Century. ... The Treaty of Hopewell may refer to one of three different treaties signed at Hopewell, (the plantation of Andrew Pickens on the Keowee River in northwestern South Carolina) between the United States of America and Native American peoples. ... For other uses, see Choctaw (disambiguation). ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Beaufort, also called the Beaufort Convention, is the treaty that officially set the all-river boundary between the U.S. states of Georgia and South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Triple Alliance of 1788 was an alliance between England, Prussia and the United Provinces. ... Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Jay-Gardoqui Treaty of 1789 between the United States and Spain guaranteed Spains exclusive right to navigate Mississippi River for 30 years. ... The Treaty of Fort Harmar was an agreement between the United States government and several Native American tribes with claims to the Ohio Country. ... The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... This ended Gustav IIIs Russian adventure on the terms favorable to Russia ... The Russo-Swedish War, known as Gustav IIIs Russian War in Sweden and as Catherine IIs Swedish War in Russia, was fought between Sweden and Russia from June 1788 to August 1790. ... The Treaty of New york was a treaty, signed in 1790 between leaders of the Native American Creek people, and Henry Knox, then Secretary of War for the United States. ... Henry Knox (July 25, 1750 – October 25, 1806) was an American bookseller from Boston who became the chief artillery officer of the Continental Army and later the nations first United States Secretary of War. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Holston was signed William Blount, governor in and over the territory of the United States south of the Ohio River, and superintendent of Indian Affairs for the southern district for the United States and representatives of the Cherokee Nation on July 2, 1791 and proclaimed on February... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... The Ohio River is the largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 was a futile attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to Russia in the course of the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty The Jay Treaty between the United States and Great Britain averted war, solved many issues left over from the Revolution, and opened ten years of peaceful trade in the midst of a large war. ... The Treaty of Canandaigua, a treaty establishing peace and friendship between the United States of America and the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), and affirming Haudenosaunee land rights in New York State, was the first diplomatic agreement entered into by the United States of America under its current Constitution. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Hedges Treaty was signed on May 16, 1795. ... From 1795 to 1806, the Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek in Dutch) designated the Netherlands as a republic modeled after the French Republic, to which it was a vassal state. ... Pinckneys Treaty, also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo or the Treaty of Madrid, was signed in San Lorenzo de El Escorial on October 27, 1795 and established intentions of friendship between the United States and Spain. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on May 16, 1795 between representatives of the French Republic and the Batavian Republic. ... From 1795 to 1806, the Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek in Dutch) designated the Netherlands as a republic modeled after the French Republic, to which it was a vassal state. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... This depiction of the treaty negotiations may have been painted by one of Anthony Waynes officers. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... The Peace of Basel of 1795 consists of three peace treaties of France (represented by François de Barthélemy). ... Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain Russian Empire Sardinia France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, beginning in 1792 and lasting until the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... The name First Coalition (1793–1797) designates the first major concerted effort of multiple European powers to contain Revolutionary France. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Tripoli (the Treaty of Peace and Friendship) was a 1796 peace treaty between the United States and Tripoli. ... Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس Tarābulus) is the capital city of Libya. ... The Treaty of New york was a treaty, signed in 1790 between leaders of the Native American Creek people, and Henry Knox, then Secretary of War for the United States. ... The Seven Nations of Canada were a historic confederation of Canadian First Nations living in and around the Saint Lawrence River valley, who were allied to New France and often included substantial numbers of Roman Catholics. ... The Treaty of Colerain was signed at St. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... The Second Treaty of San Ildefonso was signed on August 19, 1796 between the Spanish Empire and the French Empire. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Leoben (also known as the Peace of Leoben) was signed on April 17, 1797 by Napoleon Bonaparte. ... The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl as representatives of France and Austria. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia, Lombard: Lumbardìa) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Map of Istria Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl as representatives of France and Austria. ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[4] French Empire - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Duchy of Warsaw - Kingdom of Bavaria[5] - Kingdom of... The Treaty of Tolentino is a treaty signed between France and the Papal States on February 19, 1797. ... Coat of arms Map of the Papal States; the reddish area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, the rest (grey) in 1870. ... The Treaty with Tunis was signed on August 28, 1797 to provide protection to Americans at a cost higher than the Treaty of Tripoli imposed. ... The states along the Barbary Coast, Algiers, Morocco, Tripoli, and Tunis, were collectively known as the Barbary States. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI...

1800–1899

Year Name Summary
1800 Third Treaty of San Ildefonso[71] Cedes Spanish holdings in America to France.
Treaty of Mortefontaine[72] Ends the Quasi-War between the United States and France.
1801 Carnatic Treaty The Nawab of Arcot cedes territories in India to the British Empire in exchange for two-hundred rupees.
Treaty of Aranjuez Confirms the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso.
Treaty of Lunéville Ends the Second Coalition against France.
1802 Treaty of Amiens Ends the war between France and the United Kingdom.
Treaty of Bassein The Maratha peshwa of Pune cedes territories in western India to the British Empire.
1803 Louisiana Purchase United States buys Louisiana from France.
Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon Between the British and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha people; treaty was revised twice.
1805 Treaty of Pressburg Ends the war between France and Austria.
Kurekchay Treaty Divides Azerbaijan between Russia and Iran.
1806 Treaty of Poznań Ends the war between France and Saxony after the latter’s defeat during the War of the Fourth Coalition.
1807 Treaty of Detroit Between the United States and the Native American nations of Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot and Potawatomi.
Treaties of Tilsit Agreements between France, Russia and Prussia creating the Duchy of Warsaw.
Treaty of Finkenstein Between the French Empire and Persia.
Treaty of Fontainebleau Agreement between Spain and France that partitions Portugal.
1808 Osage Treaty The Osage Nation cedes to the United States large portions of the Missouri Territory.
1809 Treaty of the Dardanelles[73] Agreement between the Ottoman Empire and the United Kingdom.
Treaty of Hamina[74] Ends the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia.
Treaty of Schönbrunn[75] Ends the Fifth Coalition during the Napoleonic Wars.
Treaty of Fort Wayne Obtains more than two million acres of American Indian land for the white settlers of Ohio and Indiana.
1810 Treaty of Paris Ends the war between France and Sweden.
1812 Treaty of Bucharest Ends the Russo–Turkish War, 1806–1812.
1813 Gulistan Treaty A peace treaty between Imperial Russia and Qajarid Persia.
Treaty of Fulda Württemberg leaves the Confederation of the Rhine.
Treaty of Kalisz Russia and Prussia establish the Kalisz Union against Napoleon I.
Treaty of Ried Bavaria leaves the Confederation of the Rhine and agrees to join the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon.
1814 First Anglo-Dutch Treaty[76] Between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces (Netherlands).
Third Treaty of Paris Ends war between France and the Sixth Coalition.
Treaty of Ghent Ends the War of 1812.
Treaty of Kiel The king of Denmark-Norway cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for territories in Pomerania.
Convention of Moss Armistice agreement and de facto peace treaty between Norway and Sweden.
Treaty of Fontainebleau Exiles Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of Elba.
Treaty of Fort Jackson[77] The Creek cede territories to the United States after their defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
1815 Fourth Treaty of Paris Follows the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.
Congress of Vienna Conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe.
Treaty of Springwells The United States waives all territorial rights over the Genessee County and restores to the Indians all of their possessions, rights, and privileges before their engaging in the War of 1812 as allies of the British; Native American tribes agree to only place themselves under the protection of the U.S. government.
1816 Sugauli Treaty[78] Ends the Anglo-Nepalese War.
1817 Rush-Bagot Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Treaty of Fort Meigs[79] Between the United States and the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa and Ojibwa tribes.
Treaty of Titalia Between the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim and the British East India Company.
1818 Anglo-American Convention[80] Resolves boundary disputes between the United States and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; both share the Oregon Country.
Treaty of St. Mary's Between the United States and the Miami tribe.
Treaty of the Creek Agency Between the United States and the Creek people.
1819 Adams-Onís Treaty[81] Settles a border dispute between the United States and Spain.
Treaty of Saginaw Native Americans cede land to the United States.
1821 Treaty of Córdoba Mexico becomes independent from Spain.
Treaty of Chicago The Ottawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi tribes cede to the United States all lands in the Michigan Territory south of the Grand River.
Treaty of Indian Springs Creek Indians cede land to the state of Georgia in return for cash payments totaling $200,000 over a period of 14 years.
1824 Second Anglo-Dutch Treaty[82] Settles disputes between the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, dividing the Malay World.
Russo-American Treaty Fixes Russian Alaska southern border at 54°40'.
1825 Treaty of Indian Springs Relocates the Creek Indians in Georgia (except the Tokaubatchee) to a parcel of land along the Arkansas River.
Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and representatives of the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Winnebago and the Anishinaabeg tribes.
1826 Treaty of Mississinwas[83] Between the United States and the Miami tribe.
Treaty of Yandaboo Ends the First Burmese War.
Burney Treaty British acknowledge Siamese claim over the four northern Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perris and Terengganu.
1827 Treaty of London Alliance between the United Kingdom, France and Russia to end Turkish action in Greece.
1828 Turkmanchai Treaty The Persian Empire loses many of its northern territories to Imperial Russia after its defeat at the end of the Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828.
Treaty of Montevideo Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay.
1829 London Protocol Formulates the boundaries of modern Greece.
Treaty of Adrianople[84] Russia secures the right to protect Greece and control the mouths to the Danube River.
Treaty of Prairie du Chien Between the United States and representatives of the Council of Three Fires.
1830 London Protocol Confirms sovereignty of Greece.
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek United States grants rights to the Choctaw.
1831 Treaty of the Eighty Articles Establishes Belgium's borders.
Pacto Federal Establishes a military alliance between the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, and Santa Fe.
1832 Treaty of Cusseta Between the government of the United States and the Creek people.
Treaty of Constantinople Officially ends the Greek War of Independence and establishes the borders of modern Greece.
London Protocol Reiterates and ratifies the terms of the Treaty of Constantinople.
1833 Treaty of Hünkâr İskelesi Russia gains use of the Bosporus.
Treaty of Chicago Native American tribes cede lands west of Lake Michigan to the United States in exchange for a reservation of equal size further to the west on the Missouri River; proclaimed in 1835.
1834 Treaty of Desmichels France acknowledges Abd-el-Kader as bey of Mascara and independent sovereign ruler of Oran in Algeria.
1835 Treaty of New Echota Between the United States and several members of a faction within the Cherokee nation.
Batman's Treaty Between John Batman and a group of Wurundjeri elders for the sale of land around Port Phillip Bay.
1836 Treaties of Velasco Between the republics of Mexico and Texas in the aftermath of the Battle of San Jacinto.
Treaty of Washington Ottawa and Chippewa Indians cede to the United States the northwest portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and the eastern portion of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
1837 Treaty of Tafna Ends conflict between French and Algerian forces; France cedes territories to Abd-el-Kader.
1838 Treaty of Balta Liman Commercial treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the United Kingdom.
Treaty of Buffalo Creek Between the Seneca tribe of Western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians' land.
1839 Edict of Toleration King Kamehameha III establishes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
Treaty of London[85] Guarantees the neutrality of Belgium.
1840 Treaty of Waitangi New Zealand becomes a British colony.
1842 Treaty of Nanjing Ends the First Opium War; cedes Hong Kong Island to the United Kingdom.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Canada.
1844 Treaty of Tangiers Ends First Franco-Moroccan War.
Treaty of Tehuacana Creek[86] Establishes peace between the Republic of Texas and various Native American tribes.
Treaty of Wanghia[87] First diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history.
Treaty of Whampoa China grants privileges to the French Empire.
1846 Oregon Treaty[88] Establishes the border between the British and American sections of the Oregon Country.
Treaty of Amritsar Settles dispute over territory in Kashmir.
Mallarino-Bidlack Treaty[89] Agreement of mutual cooperation between New Granada (today Colombia) and the United States.
1847 Treaty of Cahuenga First treaty to end the Mexican-American War.
1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Second treaty ending the Mexican-American War.
1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty The United States and the United Kingdom agree not to colonize Central America.
Punctation of Olmütz Treaty between Prussia and Austria.
1851 Treaty of Mendota Between the United States and the Sioux tribes of Minnesota (Mdewakanton and Wahpekute).
Treaty of Fort Laramie United States negotiates safe passage for Oregon Trail settlers with Native Americans.
Treaty of Kulja[90] A treaty that regulated trade between China and Russia.
1852 London Protocol Signed after the First War of Schleswig.
1854 Convention of Kanagawa[91] Japan is opened to American trade.
Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty   Japan is opened to British trade.
Kalapuya Treaty Between the United States and the tribes of Umpqua and Calapooya in the Oregon Territory.
1855 Treaty of Hellgate The Bitteroot Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and the Kootenai tribes cede territories to the United States government.
Treaty of Shimoda Defines the border between Japan and Russia; three Japanese ports opened to international use.
Treaty of Neah Bay Between the United States and the Makah Indians.
Canadian-American Reciprocity Treaty[92] Trade treaty between the colonies of British North America and the United States.
Point Elliott Treaty United States government and various Native American tribes of the Puget Sound region in the newly-formed Washington Territory.
Point No Point Treaty Original inhabitants of the Kitsap Peninsula cede ownership of their land in exchange for small reservations in Hood Canal and a payment of 60,000 dollars from the U.S. federal government.
1856 Fifth Treaty of Paris[93] Ends the Crimean War.
1858 Treaty of Tientsin Ends the first phase of the Second Opium War.
Treaty of Aigun Specifies border between Russia and China.
Treaty of Amity and Commerce[94] Japanese treaty ports opened to commerce.
1859 Treaty of Zurich Franco-Austrian armistice formalizing the Peace of Villafranca.
1860 Convention of Peking[95] Ends the Second Opium War; cedes Kowloon Peninsula to the United Kingdom.
1861 Franco-Monegasque Treaty Grants sovereignty to Monaco.
1862 First Treaty of Saigon Annam Tu Duc cedes Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor, and three southern provinces (Bien Hoa, Gia Dinh, and Dinh Tuong) to the French Empire.
1863 Treaty of Hué Confirms the First Treaty of Saigon.
1864 First Geneva Convention[96] Establishes rules for the treatment of battlefield casualties.
Treaty of London Britain cedes the Ionian Islands to Greece.
Treaty of Vienna Ends the Second War of Schleswig between Austria and Prussia.
1866 Peace of Prague Ends Austro-Prussian War.
1867 Alaska Purchase The United States buys Alaska from Russia.
Medicine Lodge Treaty Negotiations between the United States and Native Americans.
Treaty of London[97] An international accord in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War and the Luxembourg Crisis.
1868 Burlingame Treaty Establishes relations between the United States and China.
Treaty of Fort Laramie Ends Red Cloud's War.
Treaty on Naturalization
(U.S./North German Confederation)
First recognition by a European power of the legal right of its subjects to become American citizens.
1871 Treaty of Frankfurt Ends the Franco-Prussian War.
Treaty of Washington Settles grievances between the United States and Canada.
1874 Pangkor Treaty Perak becomes the first Malay state to accept British Resident.
Treaty of Berne Universal Postal Union becomes the second oldest international organization.
Second Treaty of Saigon Reiterates the Treaty of Saigon (1862); the Red River (Song Hong) opens for trade, as well as the ports of Hanoi, Haiphong and Qui Nonh.
1875 Treaty of Kanghwa Ends Korea's status as a Chinese tributary state and opens it to Japanese trade.
Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) In exchange for the Kuril Islands, Japan relinquishes claims on Sakhalin.
Convention du Mètre[98] An international treaty that establishes three organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards.
Reciprocity Treaty A free trade agreement between the United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom.
1876 Treaty of Ganghwa[99] Ends Korea's status as tributary state of China; open Korea to Japanese trade.
1877 London Protocol The British agree to remain neutral in any conflict between the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
1878 Cyprus Convention The Ottoman Empire relinquishes Cyprus to the United Kingdom in return for military support against the Russians.
Pact of Zanjón Ends the Cuban Ten Years' War.
Treaty of San Stefano Ends the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Berlin Amends the Treaty of San Stefano.
1879 Treaty of Gandamak Ends the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
1880 Treaty of Innsbruck Establishes mutual defensive pact between Italy and Germany.
Treaty of Iwo Jima Establishes alliance between the United States and Japan.
Treaty of Martinique Establishes alliance between France and Japan.
Treaty of Moscow Establishes alliance between France and Russia.
Treaty of Kowloon Establishes alliance between the United Kingdom and Japan.
Treaty of Yorktown Establishes alliance between the United Kingdom and the United States.
1881 Akhal Treaty Iran officially recognizes the Russian Empire's annexation of Khwarazm.
Treaty of Bardo[100] Tunisia becomes a protectorate of the French Empire.
1882 Fourth Triple Alliance Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Kilmainham Treaty Between the British government under William Ewart Gladstone and the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell.
1883 Paris Convention Intellectual property systems (including patents) of any contracting state become accessible to the nationals of other states party to the Convention.
Treaty of Ancón Settles territorial disputes between Peru and Chile.
Treaty of Hué[101] Cedes Annam and Tonkin to the French Empire.
1884 Treaty of Hué Confirms the 1883 Treaty of Hué.
Treaty of Luzern Establishes alliance between the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy.
Treaty of Saigon The United States and Japan share control over Hawaii.
Treaty of Stockholm Russia and Germany establish a mutual defensive alliance; Russia and Austria-Hungary recognize each other's territorial possessions.
1885 Treaty of Simulambuco Between the Portuguese government and officials in the N'Goyo Kingdom.
1886 Berne Convention[102] International agreement about copyright.
Treaty of Bucharest Ends war between Serbia and Bulgaria.
1887 Reinsurance Treaty An attempt by Bismarck to continue to ally with Russia after the League of the Three Emperors broke down.
1888 Treaty of Andorra Establishes alliance between Germany, the United States, and Italy.
Treaty of Azores Establishes alliance between France and the United States.
Treaty of Legos Establishes Nigeria as a co-protectorate between Britain and France; Cameroon becomes a co-protectorate between Germany and France.
1889 Treaty of Berlin The United States, Great Britain, and Germany recognize the independence of Samoa.
Treaty of Wuchale Peace treaty between Ethiopia and Italy, subsequently disputed.
1890 Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty[103] Agreement between the United Kingdom and Imperial Germany concerning mainly territorial interests in Africa.
1891 Treaty of Madrid[104] Gives France legal protection of the word champagne.
1892 Treaty of Nice Establishes alliance between France and Italy.
Treaty of Odessa Establishes alliance between Russia and Italy.
1895 Treaty of Den Haag Establishes boundaries of British New Guinea.
Treaty of Shimonoseki[105] Ends the First Sino-Japanese War.
1896 Treaty of Addis Ababa Abrogates the Treaty of Wuchale, formally ends the First Italo–Ethiopian War, and recognizes Ethiopia as an independent state.
Treaty of Melbourne Establishes alliance between Germany and Japan.
Treaty of Tokyo Establishes alliance between Russia and Japan.
1898 Sixth Treaty of Paris Ends the Spanish-American War.
Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory[106] Cedes the New Territories to the United Kingdom.
1899 Hague Conventions Attempts to formalize laws of war.
Treaty of Berlin Divides Samoa between the United States and Germany.

// ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The Convention of 1800, also known as the Treaty of Mortefontaine, ended the Quasi-War. ... The Quasi-War was an undeclared war fought entirely at sea between the United States and France from 1798 to 1801. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... The treaty signed 31 July, 1801 by which the Nawab of Arcot (sometimes called the Nawab of the Carnatic) ceded all his lands to British rule, including the territory of the polygars. ... Nawab (Urdu: نواب ) was originally the subadar (provincial governor) or viceroy of a subah (province) or region of the Mughal empire. ... Arcot (Tamil: ) is a city and a municipality in Vellore district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... The Treaty of Aranjuez was signed on March 21, 1801 between France and Spain. ... The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France... The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on February 9, 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Empire by Joseph Bonaparte and Louis, Count Cobentzel, respectively. ... The name Second Coalition (1798 - 1800) designates the second major concerted effort of multiple European powers to contain Revolutionary France. ... --69. ... The Treaty of Amiens was signed on March 25, 1802 (Germinal 4, year X in the French Revolutionary Calendar) by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquis Cornwallis as a Definitive Treaty of Peace between France and the United Kingdom. ... The Treaty of Bassein was signed on December 31, 1802 between the British and Baji Rao II, the Maratha peshwa of Pune (Poona) in India. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 Statue of the great Baji Rao, near Shaniwar Wada, Pune The Peshwa (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire... Pune (Marathi: पुणे), is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Louisiana Purchase. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city Baton Rouge [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... The Treaty of Surji-Arjungaon was signed on December 30, 1803 between the British and Daulat Rao Sindhia, chief of the Maratha people. ... Daulatrao Sindhia (born 1779, died 1827) was the king (Maharaja) of Gwalior state in central India from 1794 until his death in 1827. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Pressburg was signed on December 26, 1805 between France and Austria as a consequence of the Austrian defeats by France at Ulm (September 25 - October 20) and Austerlitz (December 2). ... The Kurekchay Treaty is a territorial division treaty of Azerbaijan signed between Russia and Iran aswell as the Gulistan Treaty (October 12, 1813) and Turkmanchai Treaty (February 10, 1828). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of PoznaÅ„ was signed on December 11, 1806 in PoznaÅ„ and ended the war between France and Saxony (Prussia’s ally) after the latter’s defeat during the War of the Fourth Coalition. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Russian Empire United Kingdom Kingdom of Sweden Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Sicily First French Empire Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Kingdom of Holland Kingdom of Spain Kingdom of Etruria Confederation of the Rhine Swiss Confederation Commanders Duke of Brunswick Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen Count... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of Detroit was a treaty between the United States and the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot and Potawatomi Native American nations. ... The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... The Treaty of Finkenstein was concluded between France and Persia in the Castle of Finkenstein, East Prussia) on May 4, 1807. ... The Treaty of Fontainebleau refers to a number of agreements signed at Fontainebleau, France, often at the Château de Fontainebleau: October 24, 1745 creating a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Osage Treaty was signed on November 10, 1808 between the United States federal government and the Osage Nation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Missouri Territory was a historic, organized territory in the United States. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Dardanelles Treaty of Peace, Commerce, and Secret Alliance (Treaty of the Dardanelles), also known as Treaty of Çanak (sometimes spelled as Treaty of Chanak) was concluded between the Ottoman Empire and Great Britain on January 5, 1809 at Çanak (now Çanakkale, Turkey). ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Treaty of Fredrikshamn (Freden i Fredrikshamn in Swedish and Haminan rauha in Finnish ) was a peace treaty concluded between Sweden and Russia on September 17, 1809. ... Combatants Russia France Denmark–Norway Sweden Commanders Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor Carl Johan Adlercreutz Georg Carl von Döbeln The Finnish War was fought between Sweden and Russia from February 1808 to September 1809. ... The Treaty of Schönbrunn was signed between France and Austria in 1809, ending the war of the Fifth Coalition during the Napoleonic Wars, at the beautiful castle Schloss Schönbrunn, which can be visited today as a tourist site. ... The Fifth Coalition was an alliance between the Austrian Empire and the United Kingdom, formed in 1809 to fight Napoleons French Empire. ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[4] French Empire - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Duchy of Warsaw - Kingdom of Bavaria[5] - Kingdom of... The Treaty of Fort Wayne is an 1809 treaty that obtained more than two million acres (8,000 km²) of American Indian land for the white settlers of Ohio and Indiana. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Paris of 1810, signed on January 6, 1810, ended the War between France and Sweden. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... Treaty of Bucharest of 1812 was signed on 28 May 1812 by the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, at the end of the Russian-Turkish war (1806-1812). ... The Russo-Turkish War, 1806–1812 was one of many wars fought between Imperial Russia and Ottoman Empire. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Gulistan Treaty of 1813 (also written Golestan, Gulestan, and Golistan), was a peace treaty between imperial Russia and Persia, signed on October 24 (November 5) in a village of Gulestan in Karabakh at the end of the first Russo-Persian Wars (1804-1813). ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... The Treaty of Fulda was signed on November 2, 1813 at Fulda, Hessen in Germany. ... Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Wuerttemberg. ... The Treaty of Kalisz was signed in Kalisz on February 28, 1813 between Russia and Prussia. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Treaty of Ried of October 8, 1813 was a treaty that was signed between Bavaria and Austria. ... The Confederation of the Rhine or Rhine Confederation (Rheinbund in German; in French officially États confédérés du Rhin but in practice Confédération du Rhin) lasted from 1806 to 1813 and was formed from sixteen German states by Napoleon after he defeated Habsburgs Francis II... The Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) was a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and a number of German States against Napoleonic France. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... The United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinciën, Republic of the Seven United Netherlands/Provinces — 1581–1795) was a European republic which is now known as the Netherlands. ... The 1814 Treaty of Paris, signed on May 30, 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition of the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria, Sweden and Prussia. ... The Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) was a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and a number of German States against Napoleonic France. ... Signing of the Treaty of Ghent The Treaty of Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814, in Ghent, (Belgium), was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom, Canadian provincial forces First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war... The Treaty of Kiel, was a settlement between Sweden and Denmark-Norway on January 14, 1814, whereby the Danish king, a loser in the Napoleonic wars, ceded Norway to the king of Sweden, in return for the Swedish holdings in Pomerania. ... The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, consisting of Denmark and Norway, including Norways possessions Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, is a term used for the two united kingdoms after their amalgamation as one state in 1536. ... Duchy of Pomerania ruled by the slavic dynasty of Griffits (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greiffen) was a semi-independent state in the 17th century. ... The Moss Ironworks main office - where the Convention of Moss was negotiated and signed The Convention of Moss was a cease fire agreement, signed August 14, 1814, between the Swedish King and the Norwegian Storting. ... The Treaty of Fontainebleau refers to a number of agreements signed at Fontainebleau, France, often at the Château de Fontainebleau: October 24, 1745 creating a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart. ... Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994. ... The Treaty of Fort Jackson, also known as the Treaty with the Creeks, 1814 was signed on August 9, 1814 at Fort Jackson near Wetumpka, Alabama following the defeat of the Red Stick ( Upper Creek) resistance by United States forces at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the banks of... The Creeks are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... Combatants Creek Indians Red Sticks United States Cherokee Creek allies Commanders Menawa Andrew Jackson Strength 1,000 Red Stick Creek about 2,000 infantry 700 mounted infantry 600 Cherokee and Lower Creeks Casualties 800 49 killed 154 wounded The Battle of Horseshoe Bend was fought during the War of 1812... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... The Treaty of Paris of 1815 was signed on November 20, 1815, following the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, 18 June. ... Combatants France Seventh Coalition: United Kingdom Prussia United Netherlands Hanover Nassau Brunswick Commanders Napoleon Bonaparte Michel Ney Duke of Wellington Gebhard von Blücher Strength 73,000 67,000 Coalition 60,000 Prussian (48,000 engaged by about 18:00) Casualties 25,000 dead or wounded; 7,000 Captured; 15... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Treaty of Springwells was signed at Springwells, Michigan (near Detroit) on September 8, 1815. ... Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom, Canadian provincial forces First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Sugauli Treaty (also spelled Segowlee) was signed on December 2, 1815 and ratified by March 4, 1816, between the British East India Company and The Kingdom of Nepal, ending the second British invasion of the Himalayan kingdom during the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814&#8211;16). ... The Gurkha War (1814-1816), also known as the Anglo-Nepalese War, was fought between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Nepal. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Rush-Bagot Treaty signed in 1817 between the United States and the United Kingdom demilitarized the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, where many British naval armaments and forts still remained, and laid the basis for a demilitarized boundary between the US and British North America. ... The Treaty of Fort Meigs, also called Treaty of the Foot of the Rapids, was signed September 29, 1817 between the chiefs and warriors of the Wyandot, Seneca, Delaware, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Ottawa and Chippewa, tribes of native americans and the United States of America. ... Huron redirects here. ... For other uses, see Seneca. ... The Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American peoples. ... The Shawnee, or Shawano, are a people native to North America. ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa, Odaawa, Outaouais, or Trader) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... Chippewa redirects here. ... The Treaty of Titalia (1817) was signed between the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim and the British East India Company. ... The Chogyal were the monarchs of the former country of Sikkim. ... Sikkim (also Sikhim) (DevanāgarÄ«: सिक्किम  ) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... East India Company was the name of several historic European companies chartered with the monopoly of trading with Asia for their respective countries. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Convention of 1818 between the United States and Great Britian, also known as the London Convention, Anglo-American Convention of 1818, or simply the Treaty of 1818, was a treaty signed in United States and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right)1 Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Capital London Language(s) English Gaelic Welsh (Wales) Scottish Gaelic (parts of Scotland) Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1801–1820 George III  - 1920–1922... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Treaty of St. ... The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio. ... The Treaty of the Creek Agency was signed on January 22nd, 1818, at the Creek Agency on the Flint River in Georgia. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 (formally titled the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, and also known as the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and sometimes the Florida Purchase Treaty) was a historic agreement between the United States and... The Treaty of Saginaw in 1819 was made between Gen. ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Córdoba gave Mexico independence from Spain at the conclusion of the Mexican War of Independence. ... The Treaty of Chicago may refer to either of two treaties between the United States and the the Ottawa, Ojibwe (Chippewa), and Potawatomi Native American peoples. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Location of the City of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1850 as Town of Bytown Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa Amalgamated January 1, 2001 Government  - Mayor Larry OBrien  - City Council Ottawa City Council  - Representatives 8... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... From 1805-1818, the western border was a line through Lake Michigan. ... The Grand River is the name of several rivers in different countries: The Grand River in Ontario in Canada The Grand River in Michigan in the United States. ... Treaty of Indian Springs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London (one of several), was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in London on March 17, 1824. ... The Malay World or Nusantara refers to the Malay cultural and linguistic sphere of influence, covering the archipelago of modern-day Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Brunei, and East Timor. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Treaty of Indian Springs - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Arkansas River flows through Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. ... The Treaty of Prairie du Chien may refer to either of two treaties made and signed in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin between the United States, representatives from the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Winnebago and the Anishinaabeg (Chippewa, Ottawa and Potawatomi) Native American peoples. ... Wahktageli (Gallant Warrior), a Yankton Sioux chief (Karl Bodmer) Funeral scaffold of a Sioux chief (Karl Bodmer) Horse racing of the Sioux Indians (Karl Bodmer) The Sioux (IPA ) are a Native American people. ... The Sac and Fox Nation is the modern political entity encompassing the historical Sac and Fox nations of Native Americans. ... Menominie is a common misspelling for: Menominee Menomonee Menomonie Category: ... The Iowa (also spelled Ioway) are a Native American people. ... The Ho-Chunk or Winnebago (as they are commonly called) are a tribe of Native Americans, native to what are now Wisconsin and Illinois. ... Anishinaabe is a self-description often used by people belonging to the indigenous Odawa, Ojibwe, and Algonkin peoples of North America, who share closely related Algonkian languages. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Mississiniwas or The Treaty of Mississinewa is an 1826 treaty between the United States and the Miami tribe. ... The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio. ... The Treaty of Yandaboo between the British East India Company and the Burmese King of Ava, signed on February 24, 1826 marked the end of the First Burmese War. ... The First Anglo-Burmese War lasted from 1823 to 1826. ... The Burney Treaty was a treaty signed between Siam and the British in 1826. ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Alor Star Royal Capital Anak Bukit Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Chief Minister Dato Hj Mahdzir Bin Khalid Area 9,426 km2 Population  - Est year 2003 1 778 188 State anthem Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Kedah (Jawi:قدح, pop. ... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14... Perris is a city located in Riverside County, California. ... State anthem: Terengganu State Anthem Capital (and royal capital) Kuala Terengganu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin1  - Menteri Besar Idris Jusoh History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 12,955 km² Population  - 2001 estimate 879,692  - Density 67. ... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This Treaty of London (among many others) was signed by the United Kingdom, France, and Russia on July 6, 1827. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... [[Image:Turkmanchai. ... The Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828 was the last major military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire. ... There have been several treaties signed in Montevideo. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... The 1829 peace treaty of Adrianople (called also Treaty of Edirne), was settled between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... The Treaty of Prairie du Chien may refer to either of two treaties made and signed in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin between the United States, representatives from the Sioux, Sac and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Winnebago and the Anishinaabeg (Chippewa, Ottawa and Potawatomi) Native American peoples. ... The Council of Three Fires, also known as the People of the Three Fires, was a long-standing Anishinaabe alliance of the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Native American tribes and First Nations. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was a treaty signed on September 27, 1830 (and proclaimed on 24 February 1831) between the Choctaws (an American Indian tribe) and the United States. ... For other uses, see Choctaw (disambiguation). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of the Eighty Articles was signed by Belgium and the Netherlands on October 14, 1831 (London was the overseer of the treaty). ... Flag of Argentina used in the provinces of the Pacto Federal around 1840 The Federal Pact (Spanish Pacto Federal) was a treaty first signed by the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos and Santa Fe in 1831, for which a Federal military alliance was created to confront the... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Entre Ríos is a province of Argentina, it lays and borders north of Buenos Aires Province, south of Corrientes Province, east of Santa Fe Province, and west of Uruguay. ... Map of Argentina highlighting the province Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Creek land ceded by the Treaty of Cusseta is shaded in blue. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... The Τreaty of Constantinople was the product of the Constantinople Conference which opened in February 1832 with the participation of the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and Russia) on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire on the other. ... Combatants Greek revolutionaries United Kingdom France Russian Empire Ottoman Empire Egyptian troops Commanders Theodoros Kolokotronis, Alexander Ypsilanti Omer Vryonis, Dramalis, Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt. ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... The Τreaty of Constantinople was the product of the Constantinople Conference which opened in February 1832 with the participation of the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and Russia) on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire on the other. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Hünkâr Ä°skelesi (less correctly spelled as Unkiar Skelessi) was a treaty signed between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in 1833, following the Russo-Turkish War, 1828-1829. ... Bosporus - photo taken from International Space Station. ... The Treaty of Chicago may refer to either of two treaties between the United States and the the Ottawa, Ojibwe (Chippewa), and Potawatomi Native American peoples. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one in the group located entirely within the United States. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Desmichels Treaty was signed on February 26, 1834 by Abd-el-Kader and French military officials. ... `Abd al_Q&#257;dir al_Jaz&#257;ir&#299;. `Abd al_Q&#257;dir al_Jaz&#257;ir&#299; (6 September 1808 - 26 May 1883) was an Algerian military leader who led a struggle against the French invasion in the mid-nineteenth century, for which he is seen as a Algerian national hero. ... Bey is the Turkish word for chieftain, traditionally applied to the leaders of small tribal groups. ... Mascara tube and wand applicator Mascara is a cosmetic used to darken, thicken and define eyelashes. ... View of Oran Oran (Population: 897,700) (Arabic: ‎, pronounced Wahran) is a city in northwestern Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean coast. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Batmans Treaty was a treaty made on 6 June 1835 between John Batman, Australian farmer and businessman, and a group of Wurundjeri elders, for the sale of land around Port Phillip Bay, near the present site of the city of Melbourne. ... John Batman John Batman (21 January 1801 - 5 May 1839) was an Australian farmer and businessman who was one of the first settlers of the Melbourne area. ... The Wurundjeri are Aboriginal people of the Kulin nation, who occupied what is now Melbourne, Australia prior to European settlement of the area. ... There is also Local Government Area called the City of Port Phillip. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaties of Velasco were two treaties signed at Velasco, Texas, on 14 May 1836 between the republics of Mexico and Texas, in the aftermath of the Battle of San Jacinto (21 April 1836). ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Combatants Mexico Republic of Texas Commanders Antonio López de Santa Anna{POW} Manuel Fernandez Castrillon† Juan Almonte{POW} Sam Houston{wounded} Strength about 1,400 800 Casualties 630 killed, 208 wounded, 730 captured 9 killed, 26 wounded For other battles of the same name, see San Jacinto. ... The 1836 Treaty of Washington was a treaty between the United States and representatives of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Native Americans. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa or Odaawa) are a Native American people. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... The regions of lower Michigan and their major cities are identified on this map. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Tafna (executed by Abd-el-Kader) was signed by both Abd-el-Kader and General Thomas Robert Bugeaud on May 30, 1837. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Balta Liman was written when international power was shifting to the west and away from the Ottoman Empire. ... The Treaty of Buffalo Creek was a 1788 treaty between the Seneca tribe of western New York and certain purchasers of rights to the Indians land, in which the Indian title to the lands was extinguished, in exchange for a payment plus an annuity. ... The Seneca are a Native American people, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League. ... Western New York refers to the westernmost counties of New York State, roughly the area included in the Holland Purchase. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... King Kamehameha III issued an Edict of Toleration in June 17, 1839 allowing for the establishment of the Hawaii Catholic Church. ... Categories: Stub | 1814 births | 1854 deaths | Royal Family of Hawaii ... Episcopal crest of Bishop Clarence Silva The Catholic Diocese of Honolulu is an ecclesiastical territory or particular church of the Catholic Church in the United States. ... The Treaty of London of 1839, also called the Convention of 1839, was signed on April 19, 1839. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) was signed on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nanking, August 29, 1842, Peace Treaty between the Queen of Great Britain and the Emperor of China The Treaty of Nanking (&#21335;&#20140;&#26781;&#32004;) is the agreement which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China. ... Combatants Qing China British East India Company Commanders Daoguang Emperor Charles Elliot, Anthony Blaxland Stransham The First Opium War or the First Anglo-Chinese War was fought between Great Britain and the Qing Empire in China from 1839 to 1842 with the aim of forcing China to import British opium. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽngdÇŽo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory... The Webster-Ashburton Treaty, signed August 9, 1842, settled the dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border between the United States and Great Britain and the shared use of the Great Lakes. ... Jan. ... The Treaty of Tangiers was signed on September 10, 1844 whereby Morocco officially recognized Algeria as part of the French Empire. ... The Franco-Moroccan Wars were a series of major conflicts fought between the French Empire and the inhabitants of Morocco. ... The Treaty of Tehuacana Creek (or the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce) was signed at Tehuacana Creek on October 9, 1844 between representatives from the Republic of Texas and various Native American tribes. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... The Sino-American Treaty of Wanghia (Traditional Chinese: 中美望廈條約; Simplified Chinese: 中美望厦条约; Pinyin: ) is the first diplomatic agreement between China and the United States in history, signed on July 3, 1844. ... The Treaty of Whampoa (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a commercial treaty between France and China, which was signed by Théodore de Lagrené and Qiying on October 24, 1844. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... The Treaty of Amritsar of 1846 settled a dispute over territory in Kashmir, with Britain ceding some land to Maharaja Ranbir Singh. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... The Mallarino-Bidlack Treaty was a treaty signed between New Granada (today Colombia) and the United States, on December 12, 1846. ... New Granada can mean: the English rendering of any Spanish geographical or administrative name Nueva Granada, always named after the deep southern Spanish port city Granada, as in: the Spanish American colonial Viceroyalty of New Granada the post-colonial Republic of New Granada (1831 to 1856), which included modern Colombia... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Mexican Cession (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (orange) The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was the peace treaty that ended the Mexican-American War (1846–1848). ... Year 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Signed in 1850 by the United States and the United Kingdom, the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty was an agreement that both nations were not to colonize or control any Central American republic. ... The Punctation of Olmütz is a treaty between Prussia and Austria, dated November 29, 1850. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 was signed on September 17 between United States treaty commissioners and representatives of the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Shoshone, Assiniboine, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara nations. ... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... The Treaty of Kulja (also spelled Kuldja) was a treaty established in 1851 between China and Russia, opening Kulja and Chuguchak to Sino-Russian trade. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... The First war of Schleswig (1848 – 1850), known in Denmark as the Three Years War (TreÃ¥rskrigen), was a military conflict in southern Denmark, contesting the issue of who should control the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... On March 31, 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa (Japanese: &#31070;&#22856;&#24029;&#26465;&#32004;, Kanagawa J&#333;yaku, or &#26085;&#31859;&#21644;&#35242;&#26465;&#32004;, Nichibei Washin J&#333;yaku) was used by Commodore Matthew Perry of the U.S. Navy to force the opening of the Japanese ports of... On October 14, 1854 the first limited treaty between Britain and Japan (called the Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty, Nichi-Ei Washin Joyaku 日英和親条約) was signed in Nagasaki by Admiral Sir James Stirling and the governors of Nagasaki (Nagasaki bugyō) as representatives of the Tokugawa shogunate (Bakufu). ... The Kalapuya Treaty was an 1854 treaty between the United States and the tribes of Umpqua and Calapooya in the Oregon Territory. ... Umpqua refers to several things; did you mean: Umpqua County, Oregon Umpqua (Native Americans) Umpqua River This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Kalapuya (also spelled Calapooya or Calapooia) are a ethnic group that once inhabited the area present-day western Oregon in the United States. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Hellgate was signed in Hellgate on July 16, 1855 between President James Buchanan and the Native American tribes located in western Montana. ... Salish Men Near Tipis (1903 Flathead Reservation, MT) The Bitterroot Salish are one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana. ... Tribal flag Tule Hut Kalispel Mission Group The Pend dOreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are a tribe of Native Americans who lived centered around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, although some of them live spread through Montana and eastern Washington. ... The Kootenai (also Kutenai or Ktunaxa (pronounced in English as //) are an indigenous people of North America. ... The Treaty of Shimoda was signed between the Russian Admiral Efimii Vasilevich Putiatin and Toshiakira Kawaji of Japan in the city of Shimoda, Japan, on February 7th, 1855. ... A Makah woman. ... A Makah woman. ... The Canadian American Reciprocity Treaty was a trade treaty between the colonies of British North America and the United States. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... The Point Elliott Treaty was a treaty between the United States government and various Native American tribes of the Puget Sound region in the newly-formed Washington Territory. ... Puget Sound Puget Sound (pronounced IPA ) is a sound connected to the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Juan de Fuca in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... The Point No Point Treaty was signed on January 26, 1855 at Point No Point, on the northern tip of the Kitsap Peninsula. ... The Kitsap Peninsula, at times called the Indian Peninsula or the Great Peninsula, is the arm of land in Washington state (USA) that lies west of Seattle across Puget Sound and east of the Olympic Peninsula across Hood Canal. ... Great Bend of Hood Canal from the southeast Hood Canal, is a fjord off Puget Sound in the U.S. state of Washington, with an average width of 1. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Paris of 1856 settled the Crimean War between Russia and Ottoman Empire and its allies France and Britain. ... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire United Kingdom Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,050 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease 256,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1854–1856) was fought... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaties of Tientsin (天津條約) were signed in Tianjin in June 1858, ending the first part of the Second Opium War (1856-1860). ... Combatants Qing China United Kingdom France Commanders Unknown Michael Seymour, James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, Jean Baptiste Louis Gros The Second Opium War or Arrow War was a war of the United Kingdom and France against the Qing Dynasty of China from 1856 to 1860. ... The Treaty of Aigun was the Russian-Chinese treaty that established the modern borders of the Russian Far East. ... The Ryōsen-ji Temple in Shimoda, where the Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed. ... Nanking, August 29, 1842, Peace Treaty between the Queen of Great Britain and the Emperor of China The Treaty of Nanking (&#21335;&#20140;&#26781;&#32004;) is the agreement which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China. ... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Zurich was signed by the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia (allied to the French Empire) on November 10, 1859. ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Anthem: La Marseillaise Metropolitan France() – on the European continent() – in the European Union()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Paris Official languages French Government Unitary republic  -  President Jacques Chirac  -  Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin Formation  -  Celtic Gaul 1200 BC   -  Franks 11 BC   -  Kingdom of France... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The Convention of Peking (October 18, 1860), also known as the First Convention of Peking, was a treaty between the Qing Government of China and the British Empire, and between China and France, and China and Russia. ... Combatants Qing China United Kingdom France Commanders Unknown Michael Seymour, James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, Jean Baptiste Louis Gros The Second Opium War or Arrow War was a war of the United Kingdom and France against the Qing Dynasty of China from 1856 to 1860. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... The Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861 granted sovereignty to Monaco. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... // The Treaty of Saigon was signed on June 5, 1862 between the French and the last precolonial emperor of Annam Tu Duc and representatives of the French Empire. ... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bá»™, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Huế. It had been seized by the French... Emperor Tá»± Đức Emperor Tá»± Đức was the 4th Emperor of the Nguyá»…n Dynasty of Vietnam and reigned from 1847-1883. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... An arial view of the main island The Con Dao Islands (Vietnamese Côn Đảo) are an archipelago of Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, in southeastern Vietnam, and a district of this province. ... Bien Hoa is a city in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, about 20 miles (30 kilometers) east of Ho Chi Minh City, to which Bien Hoa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Hué was signed on April 14, 1863 between representatives of Vietnam and the French Empire. ... // The First Treaty of Saigon The Treaty of Saigon, signed on June 5, 1862 between the French and the last precolonial emperor of Annam Tu Duc, ceded Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor and three southern provinces of what was to become known as Cochinchina - Bien Hoa, Gia Dinh, and... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: First Geneva Convention The First Geneva Convention is one of several Geneva Conventions. ... The Treaty of London in 1864 was in regards to the United Kingdom ceding the United States of the Ionian Islands to Greece. ... The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ionioi Nisoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι; Ancient Greek: Ionioi Nesoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι) are a group of islands in Greece. ... The Treaty of Vienna (Danish: ; German: ) was a peace treaty signed on October 30, 1864 in Vienna between the Austrian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Kingdom of Denmark. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Peace of Prague is the name of a peace treaty ending the 1866 Austro-Prussian War. ... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Checque used to pay for Alaska The Alaska purchase from Russia by the United States occurred in 1867 at the behest of Secretary of State William Seward. ... Signing of the Medicine Lodge Treaty The Medicine Lodge Treaty was a treaty that the United States of America signed with the Kiowa, Comanche, Kiowa-Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho at Medicine Lodge, Kansas in 1867. ... The Treaty of London (French: Traité de Londres), often called the Second Treaty of London after the 1839 Treaty, was an international treaty signed on 11 May 1867. ... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... In 1867, France began by negotiating the purchase of Luxembourg from the Dutch government, as Luxembourg was then in personal union with the Netherlands. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Burlingame Treaty, between the United States and China, amended the Treaty of Tientsin and established formal friendly relations between the two countries, with the United States granting China Most Favored Nation status. ... Treaty signing by William T. Sherman and the Sioux at Fort Laramie, Wyoming. ... The Powder River Country, northeast of the Bighorn Mountains and south of the Yellowstone River, is shown in red in the western United States Red Clouds war (also referred to as the Bozeman War) was an armed conflict between the Sioux and the United States in the Wyoming Territory... The Bancroft treaties, also called the Bancroft conventions, were a series of agreements between the United States and other countries that 1) recognized the right of each partys nationals to become naturalized citizens of the other; and 2) defined circumstances in which naturalized persons were legally presumed to have... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Frankfurt was signed May 10, 1871, at the end of the Franco-Prussian War. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III # Otto Von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... The Treaty of Washington was a treaty negotiated between the British Empire and the United States of America in 1871. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Pangkor Treaty of 1874 was a treaty signed between the Sir Andrew Clarke on behalf of the British and Raja Abdullah of Perak. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Ipoh Royal Capital Kuala Kangsar Sultan Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Chief Minister Dato Seri Diraja Tajol Rosli bin Mohd Ghazali Area 21,006 km² Population  - Est. ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ... A British Resident or British Resident Minister was a British colonial official who lived and worked in smaller self-governing colonies or protectorates as a political advisor to the leader and as an ambassador of the British Government. ... The Treaty of Bern, signed in 1874, established the General Postal Union, which is today known as the Universal Postal Union. ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... // The Treaty of Saigon was signed on June 5, 1862 between the French and the last precolonial emperor of Annam Tu Duc and representatives of the French Empire. ... Red River may refer to the following: Rivers Red River of the North, flows through Minnesota, North Dakota, and Manitoba, in the Red River Valley Red River of the South,, a. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300(2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ... Haiphong (Vietnamese: Hải Phòng, Chinese 海防, HÇŽifáng) is the third most populous city in Vietnam. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Kanghwa, signed in 1875, was written by Kuroda Kiyotaka, Governor of Hokkaido, and designed to open up Korea to Japanese trade. ... Korea (Korean: 한국 or ì¡°ì„ , see below) is a geographic area, civilization[], and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... The Treaty of Saint Petersburg ) was signed in 7 May 1875 between the Empire of Japan and Empire of Russia. ... Location of Kuril Islands in the Western Pacific. ... Location of Sakhalin in the Western Pacific Sakhalin, GOST transliteration Sahalin, (Russian: , Korean: Traditional Chinese: 庫頁島; Simplified Chinese: 库页岛; pinyin: kùyèdÇŽo Japanese: 樺太 romaji: karafuto), also Saghalien, is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N. It is part of the Russian... The Convention du Mètre of May 20, 1875 is an international treaty that established what is now known as the SI system of units. ... There have been a number of Reciprocity Treaties, including: the Canadian-American Reciprocity Treaty of 1855; the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875 between the United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom (see Early History of Pearl Harbor); the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance of 1947 (also known as the Rio Treaty). ... Princess Victoria Ka&#8216;iulani, a member of the Kalakaua Dynasty, was in line to become Queen of Hawai&#8216;i when her kingdom was overthrown by local American businessmen with the aid of the United States Marine Corps The Kingdom of Hawai&#8216;i was established in 1810 upon... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Treaty of Ganghwa, also called Korea-Japanese Treaty of Amity, signed in 1876, was written by Kuroda Kiyotaka, Governor of Hokkaidō, and designed to open up Korea to Japanese trade. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Cyprus Convention of June 4, 1878 was an agreement reached between the United Kingdom and the Ottoman Empire which granted control of Cyprus to Great Britain in exchange for their support of the Ottomans in the Russian-Turkish war. ... The Pact of Zanjón was the treaty that ended the Cuban Ten Year War. ... The Ten Years War, (Guerra de los Diez Años) (also known as the Great War) began on October 10, 1868. ... Borders of Bulgaria according to the Treaty of San Stefano of March 3rd, 1878 The Treaty of San Stefano was a treaty between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78. ... Bulgarian autonomy after the Treaty of Berlin - Lithography Nikolay Pavlovich. ... Borders of Bulgaria according to the Treaty of San Stefano of March 3rd, 1878 The Treaty of San Stefano was a treaty between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treaty of Gandamak ... The Rise of Dost Mohammad It was not until 1826 that the energetic Dost Mohammad was able to exert sufficient control over his brothers to take over the throne in Kabul, where he proclaimed himself amir. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of Innsbruck was signed in Innsbruck, Tyrol, on April 5, 1880 between representatives of Italy and Germany. ... The Treaty of Iwo Jima was signed in Iwo Jima on February 28, 1880 between representatives of the United States and Japan. ... The Treaty of Martinique was signed in Martinique on February 28, 1880 between representatives of France and Japan. ... The Treaty of Moscow, was signed on August 12, 1970 between the USSR and West Germany. ... The Treaty of Kowloon was signed in Kowloon on February 27, 1880 between Great Britain and Japan. ... The Treaty of Yorktown was signed in Yorktown on February 27, 1880 between representatives of Great Britain and the United States. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Akhal Treaty was a treaty signed by Persia and Imperial Russia on 21 September 1881. ... Khiva (alternative names include Khorasam, Khoresm, Khwarezm, Khwarizm, Khwarazm, Chiwa and Chorezm) is a city in present day Uzbekistan, in the Province of Khorezm. ... The Treaty of Bardo (or Treaty of Al-Qasr as-Said, Treaty of Kasser Said) was signed on May 12, 1881 between representatives of the French Empire and Tunisian bey Muhammed as-Sadiq. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... , Italian: Triplice Alleanza) was the treaty by which Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy pledged on 20 May 1882 to support each other militarily in against any of them by two or more great powers. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Kilmainham Treaty was an agreement between the British government under William Ewart Gladstone and the Irish nationalist leader Charles Stewart Parnell. ... William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal Party statesman and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... Charles Stewart Parnell, the uncrowned King of Ireland Charles Stewart Parnell[1] (27 June 1846 – 6 October 1891) was an Irish political leader and one of the most important figures in 19th century Ireland and the United Kingdom; William Ewart Gladstone described him as the most remarkable person he had... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, is an important and one of the first intellectual property treaties. ... Postal Stamp that picture the Treaty The Treaty of Ancón was signed by Peru and Chile on 20 October 1883, in the district of Ancón, Lima, Peru. ... The Treaty of Hué (or the Treaty of Protectorate) was signed on August 25, 1883 between the Emperor of Annam and representatives of the French Empire. ... Annam, literally meaning Pacified South, is a region of central Vietnam that fell under Chinese rule in 111 BC as Annan (安南). Known locally as Trung Bá»™, meaning Central Boundary, it was formerly a kingdom the size of Sweden with its capital at Huế. It had been seized by the French... Tonkin, also spelled Tongkin or Tongking, is the northernmost part of Vietnam, south of Chinas Yunnan and Guangxi Provinces, east of northern Laos, and west of the Gulf of Tonkin. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Hué was signed in Hué on June 6, 1884 between representatives of Vietnam and the French Empire. ... The Treaty of Luzern was signed in Luzern on April 20, 1884 between representatives of Great Britain, Germany, and Italy. ... The Treaty of Saigon was signed in Saigon on April 23, 1884 between representatives of the United States and Japan. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Treaty of Stockholm was signed in Stockholm on April 19, 1884 between representatives of Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Simulambuco was signed in 1885, by representatives of the Portugese government, and officials in the NGoyo Kingdom. ... Ngoyo was an Iron Age kingdom state of the Woyo tribe, located in the south of Cabinda (present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola). ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, sometimes called the Berne Union or Berne Convention, adopted at Berne in 1986, first established the recognition of copyrights between sovereign nations. ... The Treaty of Bucharest was signed by Serbia and Bulgaria on March 3, 1886, in Bucharest (capital of Romania), marking the end of the Serbo-Bulgarian War. ... Anthem: Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... The Reinsurance Treaty (June 18, 1887) was an attempt by Bismarck to continue to ally with Russia after the League of the Three Emperors broke down. ... Alternate meanings: See Bismarck (disambiguation). ... League of the Three Emperors (Dreikaiserbund) 1881 Long term cause of the First World War Creation of a conservative league between Germany, Russia and Austria Post-Franco-Prussian War Alliance against radicals Conservatives in the three countries were wary of the growing threat (as they perceived it) of liberalism and... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Andorra was signed in Andorra on May 26, 1888 between representatives of Germany, the United States, and Italy. ... The Treaty of Azores was signed in Azores on May 26, 1888 between representatives of France and the United States. ... The Treaty of Legos was signed in Legos on June 10, 1888 between representatives of Great Britain, France, and Germany. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Berlin was signed on June 14, 1889 between representatives of the United States, the British Empire, and the German Empire. ... Treaty of Wuchale was a treaty signed by King Menelik of Shewa, later the Emperor of Ethiopia with Count Pietro Antonelli of Italy in the town of Wuchale on May 2, 1889. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... The Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Sansibar-Vertrag) was an 1890 agreement between the United Kingdom and the German Empire - hence also Anglo-German Agreement of 1890 - concerning mainly territorial interests in Africa. ... This article or section should include material from German Monarchy The term German Empire (the translation from German of Deutsches Reich) commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks is, among other things, the first treaty to give France legal protection of the word champagne. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Nice was signed in Nice on September 5, 1892 between representatives of France and Italy. ... The Treaty of Odessa was signed in Odessa on September 14, 1892 between representatives of Russia and Italy. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) could be any of the following: Treaty of Den Haag (1625) - England and the Netherlands agree to economically support Christian IV of Denmark. ... The Shunpanrō hall where the Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed The Treaty of Shimonoseki (Japanese: 下関条約, Shimonoseki Jōyaku), known as the Treaty of Maguan (T. Chinese: 馬關條約, S. Chinese: 马关条约;) in China, was signed at the Shunpanrō hall on April 17, 1895 between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire. ... Combatants Qing Empire (China) Empire of Japan Commanders Li Hongzhang Yamagata Aritomo Strength 630,000 men Beiyang Army, Beiyang Fleet 240,000 men Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy Casualties 35,000 dead or wounded 13,823 dead, 3,973 wounded The First Sino–Japanese War (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Japanese... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Treaty of Wuchale was a treaty signed by King Menelik of Shewa, later the Emperor of Ethiopia with Count Pietro Antonelli of Italy in the town of Wuchale on May 2, 1889. ... Combatants Italy Ethiopia Commanders Oreste Baratieri Menelik II Strength 17,000 100,000 (estimated) Casualties 13,133 17,000 The First Italo–Ethiopian War was fought between Italy and Ethiopia in 1895-1896. ... The Treaty of Melbourne was signed in Melbourne on March 13, 1896 between representatives of Germany and Japan. ... The Treaty of Tokyo was signed in Tokyo on March 30, 1896 between representatives of Russia and Japan. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of Paris of 1898, signed on December 10, 1898, ended the Spanish-American War. ... Combatants United States Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (only 432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War was a conflict... The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (aka. ... A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Hague Conventions were international treaties negotiated at the First and Second Peace Conferences at The Hague, Netherlands in 1899 and 1907, respectively, and were, along with the Geneva Conventions, among the first formal statements of the laws of war and war crimes in the nascent body of international law. ... The Treaty of Berlin was signed on December 2, 1899 between the United States and Germany. ...

1900–1999

Year Name Summary
1900 Treaty of Paris Ends all conflicting claims over Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea).
1901 Hay-Pauncefote Treaty Replaces the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
Boxer Protocol[107] Peace agreement between the Great Powers and China.
1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance Treaty of alliance between England and Japan; signed by Lord Lansdowne and Hayashi Tadasu.
Treaty of Vereeniging Ends the Second Anglo-Boer War.
1903 Cuban-American Treaty The Republic of Cuba leases to the United States the Guantanamo Bay area.
Hay-Herran Treaty The United States attempts to acquire a lease on Panama.
Hay-Herbert Treaty Between the United Kingdom and the United States on the location of the border between Alaska and Canada.
Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty[108] Establishes the Panama Canal Zone.
Treaty of Petrópolis Ends tensions between Bolivia and Brazil over the territory of Acre.
1905 Treaty of Portsmouth Ends the Russo-Japanese War.
Treaty of Björkö A secret mutual defense accord between the German Empire and Russia.
Taft-Katsura Agreement[109] Japan and the United States agree on spheres of influence in Asia.
Eulsa Treaty Between the Korean Empire and the Japanese Empire; influenced by the result of the Russo-Japanese War; void in 1965.
1906 Second Geneva Convention Specifies the treatment of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea.
1909 Anglo-Siamese Treaty[110] Formally divides northern Malay states between Siam and the British Empire.
1910 Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty Begins the de facto period of Japanese occupation of Korea; declared null and void in 1965.
1912 International Opium Convention The first international drug control treaty.
1913 Treaty of London Ends the First Balkan War.
Treaty of Bucharest Ends the Second Balkan War.
Tibet-Mongolia Treaty Alliance between Mongolia and Tibet.
1914 Bryan-Chamorro Treaty The United States acquires the rights to any canal built in Nicaragua, to build a naval base in the Gulf of Fonseca, and to lease the Great and Little Corn Islands in the Caribbean; ratified in 1916.
1915 London Pact Italy enters World War I.
1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement France and the United Kingdom define spheres of influence in the Middle East.
Treaty of Bucharest Alliance between Romania and the Entente.
1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement Trade treaty between the United States and Japan.
Corfu Declaration Statement of intention to form a Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
1918 Armistice of Mudros Ends the Middle-Eastern part of World War I and forces the Ottomans to renounce most of their imperial holdings.
Treaty of Batum Between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Ottoman Empire.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Russia pulls out of World War I.
Treaty of Bucharest Between Romania and the Central Powers; never ratified.
1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Treaty of Versailles Formally ends World War I.
Faisal Weizmann Agreement Agreement for Arab-Jewish cooperation in the Middle East.
Treaty of Rawalpindi Between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War; United Kingdom recognizes Afghanistan's independence; amended in 1921.
1920 Seventh Treaty of Paris Union of Bessarabia and Romania.
Treaty of Rapallo Between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).
Treaty of Tartu Establishes border between Russia and Finland.
Treaty of Tartu Establishes border between Russia and Estonia.
Treaty of Trianon Regulates the newly-independent Hungary.
Treaty of Sèvres Peace between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire.
Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty Brings peace between the Republic of Latvia and Soviet Russia.
Treaty of Alexandropol Ends the war between Turkish nationalists and the Armenian Republic.
Svalbard Treaty[111] The arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen (now called Svalbard) becomes part of the Kingdom of Norway.
1921 Franco-Polish Military Alliance Military alliance between Poland and France that was active between 1921 and 1940.
Anglo-Irish Treaty[112] Ends the Anglo-Irish War and created the Irish Free State.
Peace of Riga[113] Ends the Polish-Bolshevik War.
Thomson-Urrutia Treaty Colombia recognizes Panama's independence in return for 25 million dollars.
Treaty of Berlin Separate post-World War I peace agreement between the United States and Germany.
Treaty of Kars Friendship treaty between Turkey and the Soviet governments of the Transcaucasian Republics.
Treaty of Ankara[114] France agrees to evacuate Cilicia in return for economic concessions from Turkey; Turkey acknowledges French imperial sovereignty over Syria.
Treaty of Moscow A friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) and the Bolshevik government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
1922 Washington Naval Treaty[115] Attempts to limit naval expansion.
Treaty of Rapallo Between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevist Russia.
1923 Treaty of Lausanne Sets the boundaries of modern Turkey.
Halibut Treaty Canadian-American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific Ocean.
1924 Treaty of Rome Revokes parts of the 1920 Treaty of Rapallo that created the independent Free State of Fiume; Fiume would be annexed to Italy while the town of Sušak would be assigned to Yugoslavia.
1925 Locarno Treaties Seven treaties between the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe.
1926 Treaty of Berlin Germany and the Soviet Union pledge neutrality.
1927 Treaty of Jedda Establishes the independence of present-day Saudi Arabia from the United Kingdom.
1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact[116] Calls "for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy".
1929 Lateran Treaty The Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City formally recognize each other.
Third Geneva Convention[117] Establishes rules for the treatment of prisoners of war.
1930 London Naval Treaty[118] Regulates submarine warfare and shipbuilding.
1931 Treaty of Westminster[119] Creates the British Commonwealth.
1932 Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact International treaty of non-aggression signed by representatives of Poland and the USSR.
1934 German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact International treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic; both countries pledged to settle disputes through bilateral negotiations.
Balkan Pact Between Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia; signatories agree to suspend all disputed territorial claims against each other.
1935 Soviet-French Non-Aggression Pact Bilateral pact between France and the USSR with the aim of containing German aggression.
1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty The United Kingdom withdraws its troops from Egypt except those necessary to protect the Suez Canal and its surroundings.
Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence France provides independence to Syria.
1937 International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling Establishes limitations on whaling practices; protocols signed in 1938 and again in 1945.
Treaty of Saadabad[120] A non-aggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan.
1938 Munich Agreement Surrenders the Sudetenland to Germany.
1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact[121] Soviet-German non-aggression pact.
1940 Moscow Peace Treaty Ends the Winter War.
Treaty of Craiova Romania cedes territories to Bulgaria.
1944 Bretton Woods Agreement Establishes rules for commercial and financial relations among the major industrial states.
Tito-Šubašić Agreement[122] Attempts to merge Yugoslavian governments.
Convention on International Civil Aviation[123] Establishes the International Civil Aviation Organization; ratified in 1947.
London Protocol Prepares for the division of Germany into three occupation zones.
1945 UN Charter Establishes the United Nations.
Wanfried Agreement Transfers three Hessian villages to the Soviet Union and two Eichsfeld villages to the United States.
1946 Bermuda Agreement Bilateral agreement on civil aviation between the United States and United Kingdom.
Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement Allows South Tyrol and Trentino to remain part of Italy, but ensures their autonomy.
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Replaces the International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling; governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations.
Lake Success Protocol[124] Shifts drug control functions previously assigned to the League of Nations to the United Nations.
Treaty of London Great Britain recognizes the independence of Transjordan.
1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade[125] Establishes international trade rules.
Paris Peace Treaties Formally ends World War II.
Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance[126] A "hemispheric defense" doctrine signed by many nations in the Americas.
1949 North Atlantic Treaty[127] Establishes NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Fourth Geneva Convention[128] Establishes rules for the protection of civilians during wartime.
Treaty of Den Haag The Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia except for the South Molucca Islands and West Irian.
Treaty of London Creates the Council of Europe.
1950 Treaty of Zgorzelec[129] Establishes borders between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic.
1951 Eighth Treaty of Paris Establishes the European Coal and Steel Community (EEC precursor).
Convention on the Prevention
and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
Defines and outlaws genocide.
Treaty of San Francisco[130] Formally ends the war between the Allies of World War II and Japan.
1952 ANZUS Treaty[131] Alliance between Australia, New Zealand and the United States.
Treaty of Taipei[132] Peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China.
Deutschlandvertrag[133] Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Western Allies (France, UK, USA) restoring (limited) German sovereignty.
1954 Central Treaty Organization[134] Alliance of Middle Eastern countries and the United Kingdom.
Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty[135] Established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, (SEATO), a defensive alliance between Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, South Vietnam, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United States.
1955 Austrian State Treaty[136] Re-establishes a free, sovereign and democratic Austria.
Simonstown Agreement The Royal Navy surrenders its naval base at Simonstown, South Africa and transfers command of the South African Navy to the government of South Africa.
Warsaw Pact[137] Alliance of Central and Eastern European communist states.
1956 Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration Reestablishes diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Japan following World War II.
1957 Anglo-Malayan Defence Agreement[138] Provides a security umbrella for the independent Malaya.
Treaty of Rome[139] Establishes the European Economic Community.
International Atomic Energy Treaty Establishes the International Atomic Energy Agency.
1958 1958 US-UK Mutual Defence Agreement Bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation.
Convention on the Territorial Sea
and Contiguous Zone
Provides new universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
1959 Antarctic Treaty System[140] Sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation and bans military activity on the continent; comes into force in 1961.
1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security
between the United States and Japan
Strengthens Japan's ties to the "West" during the Cold War era.
Indus Waters Treaty Water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan.
Treaty of Montevideo Establishes the ALA-LC organization or the Latin American Free Trade Association.
1961 Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Strengthens U.S. national security by implementing effective policies of arms control and disarmament.
Columbia River Treaty International agreement between Canada and the United States on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin.
Vienna Convention
on Diplomatic Relations
International treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of diplomatic missions; came into force in 1964.
Alliance for Progress President Eisenhower attempts to establish economic cooperation between North America and South America.
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs International treaty against the illicit manufacture and trafficking of narcotic drugs.
Convention on Reduction of Statelessness International treaty against statelessness; came into force on December 13, 1975.
1962 Nassau Agreement The United States provides the United Kingdom with nuclear-armed Polaris missiles in return for a nuclear submarine base in the Holy Loch, near Glasgow.
1963 Vienna Convention
on Consular Relations
Multilateral treaty that codifies consular practices.
Vienna Convention
on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
Sets rules of liability for any and all forms of nuclear damage.
Partial Test Ban Treaty[141] Prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground.
Elysée Treaty[142] Franco-German agreement for joint cooperation in foreign policy, economic and military integration, and exchange of student education.
Strasbourg Convention[143] Harmonizes patent laws across European countries.
1965 Merger Treaty Organizes the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community and Euratom; creates European Commission and the Council of the European Communities; comes into force on July 1, 1967.
Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea Established basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco[144] Keeps Latin American and the Caribbean regions free of nuclear weapons.
Bangkok Declaration[145] Founding document of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
WIPO Convention[146] Established the World Intellectual Property Organization.
Outer Space Treaty[147] Forbids the placing of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction on celestial bodies and into outer space in general.
1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty[148] Limits the spread of nuclear weapons through non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties[149] Codifies the pre-existing international customary law on treaties with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications.
Arusha Agreement Establishes better economic relations between the European Community and the nations of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania; comes into force in 1971.
1970 Patent Cooperation Treaty[150] Provides a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions internationally; comes into force in 1978; amended in 1979; modified in 1984 and 2001.
Boundary Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Mexico.
Treaty of Warsaw West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland pledge themselves to nonviolence and accept the Oder-Neisse line; ratified in 1972.
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances Attempts to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and LSD.
Five Power Defence Arrangements[151] Security agreement between Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom.
Ramsar Convention Focuses on the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; comes into effect in 1975.
IPC Agreement[152] Establishes a common classification for patents for invention, inventors’ certificates, utility models and utility certificates; comes into force in 1975; amended in 1979.
Seabed Arms Control Treaty[153] Bans the placement of nuclear weapons on the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile (22.2 km) coastal zone; comes into force in 1972.
1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty[154] Limits the use of anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons (US PL 92-448).
Basic Treaty[155] Establishes relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic; comes into effect in 1973.
Biological Weapons Convention[156] First multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of biological weapons (with exceptions for medical and defensive purposes in small quantities).
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals Provides protection for Antarctic seals; comes into effect in 1978.
London Convention[157] Attempts to control pollution of the sea via deliberate dumping by vessels, aircraft, and platforms.
Sino-Japanese Joint Communiqué[158] Established diplomatic relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China.
Simla Treaty[159] Normalised relations between India and Pakistan following the Bangladesh Liberation War.
1973 European Patent Convention[160] Multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation.
Paris Peace Accords Formalized American withdrawal from Vietnam.
Vientiane Treaty A cease-fire agreement between the monarchial government of Laos and the communist Pathet Lao.
1974 Japan Australia Migratory Bird Agreement[161] Treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1981.
Threshold Test Ban Treaty[162] Establishes a nuclear "threshold" by prohibiting nuclear tests of devices having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons.
1975 Treaty of Osimo Divides the Free Territory of Trieste between Italy and Yugoslavia.
Treaty of Lagos Establishes the Economic Community of West African States.
1976 ENMOD Convention[163] Prohibits the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques; comes into force in 1978.
1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties Abrogates the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty and guarantees Panama its eventual control of the Panama Canal after 1999.
1978 Camp David Accords Agreement between Egypt and Israel.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship between
Japan and the People's Republic of China
Peace agreement between Japan and the People's Republic of China.
1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty Israel and Egypt agree to mutually recognize each other; Israel agrees to withdraw its troops from the Sinai Peninsula in return for Israeli ships to gain free passage through the Suez Canal.
Moon Treaty[164] Turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies to the international community; comes into force in 1984.
Treaty of Montevideo Both Argentina and Chile pledge to a peaceful solution to their border disputes at the Beagle Channel.
1983 Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement[165] A free trade agreement between the governments of New Zealand and Australia.
1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration[166] The United Kingdom relinquishes Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
Nkomati Accord Nonagression treaty between Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa.
Arabic-African Union Treaty Morocco and Libya establish the Arabic-African Union.
Argentina-Chile Peace and Friendship Treaty Resolves disputes between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands.
1985 Plaza Accord The G5 agree to devalue the US dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets.
Schengen Agreement Establishes for the European Community a border system and a common policy on the temporary entry of persons.
Sulphur Emissions Reduction Protocol[167] Provides for a 30% reduction in sulphur emissions and their transboundary fluxes by 1993; comes into effect in 1987.
Treaty of Rarotonga[168] Formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific.
1986 China Australia Migratory Bird Agreement Treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1988.
1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Eliminates nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers (300 to 3,400 miles); ratified and comes into force in 1988.
1988 Nitrogen Oxide Protocol[169] Provides for the control or reduction of nitrogen oxides and their transboundary fluxes; comes into effect in 1991.
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Enforcing the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.
1989 Montreal Protocol[170] Attempts to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe[171] Establishes limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe and mandates the destruction of excess weaponry.
Timor Gap Treaty Between the governments of Australia and Indonesia; rewritten in 2001.
1990 Malaysia-Singapore Points of Agreement Treaty regarding the future of railway land owned by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways in Singapore.
Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany The Four Powers renounce all rights they formerly held in Germany and Germany renounces all claims to territories east of the Oder-Neisse Line.
1991 Brioni Agreement Ends ten-day war in Slovenia.
Abuja Treaty International agreement that creates the African Economic Community.
Asunción Treaty International treaty signed between Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay, served as the basis for the establishment of the Mercosur trading block.
1992 Maastricht Treaty[172] Establishes the European Union.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change[173] Attempts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas in order to combat global warming.
Treaty on Open Skies Establishes an international program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over all participants' territories.
CIS Collective Security Treaty Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan establish framework for the Commonwealth of Independent States.
1993 Oslo Accords[174] Between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Chemical Weapons Convention[175] Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
1994 Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty[176] Normalizes relations between Israel and Jordan and resolves territorial disputes between them.
North American Free Trade Agreement Free trade agreement between Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico.
Kremlin accords Stops the preprogrammed aiming of nuclear missiles at targets in any nation and provides for the dismantling of Russian nuclear weapons in Ukraine.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea[177] Provides universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification[178] Agreement to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought; comes into force in 1996.
1995 Dayton Agreement[179] Ends Bosnian War.
General Agreement on Trade in Services[180] Extends the multilateral trading system to provide services (i.e. tertiary sector of industry).
1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty[181] Forbids all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes.
Khasav-Yurt Accord Ceasefire agreement that ends the First Chechen War.
WIPO Copyright Treaty[182] Provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information technology.
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty[183] Establishes rights and privileges for performers and producers of audio-visual works.
1997 Amsterdam Treaty[184] Substantially revises the Maastricht Treaty; comes into effect on May 1, 1999.
Ottawa Convention on Landmines[185] Bans all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines).
Chemical Weapons Convention[186] Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
1998 Belfast Agreement[187] Major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process.
POP Air Pollution Protocol[188] Agreement to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of persistent organic pollutants; has not yet come into effect.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court[189] Establishes the International Criminal Court.
1999 Kyoto Protocol[190] Mandates the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; negotiated in 1997, ratified in 2004, and came into force in 2005.
Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty Replaces ceilings given to NATO and the Warsaw Pact with territorial ones.

Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Paris was signed on June 27, 1900 between representatives of the Spanish Empire and the French Empire. ... Rio Muni (called Mbini in Fang), mainland geographical region of Equatorial Guinea, covering 26,000 km². Rio Muni was ceded by Portugal to Spain in 1778. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In 1901 the United States and Britain signed the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty. ... Signed in 1850 by the United States and the United Kingdom, the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty was an agreement that both nations were not to colonize or control any Central American republic. ... The Treaty of 1901, known as the Xinchou Treaty (辛丑条约) in China, and more commonly known as Boxer Protocol or Peace Agreement between the Great Powers and China, was a peace treaty signed on September 7, 1901 between the Qing Empire of China and the Eight-Nation Alliance: the United Kingdom... In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance was signed in London on January 30, 1902 by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese minister in London). ... The title of Marquess of Lansdowne was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1784 for William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, the former Prime Minister. ... Count Hayashi Tadasu (1850-1913) studied in England with Kikuchi Dairoku at University College School, 1866-68, being one of fourteen young Japanese sent by the Tokugawa shogunate. ... The Treaty of Vereeniging was a treaty signed on 31 May 1902 to end the Second Anglo-Boer War between the South African Republic and the Orange Free State Republic on one side and the Great Britain on the other. ... Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War There were two Boer wars, one in 1880-81 and the second from October 11, 1899-1902 both between the British and the settlers of Dutch origin (called Boere, Afrikaners or Voortrekkers) in South Africa that put an end to the two independent... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Cuban-American treaty was signed on February 16, 1903 by the President of Cuba and on February 23, 1903 by the President of the United States. ... Guantanamo Bay may refer to: Guantánamo Bay (Cuba), a bay located in Guantánamo Province at the south-eastern end of Cuba Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, the United States Naval base located there Guantanamo Bay detainment camp, the detainment camp on that base, terrorists are held there Category: ... Map of Panama, with Panama canal The Hay-Herran Treaty was a treaty proposed in 1904 between the United States and Colombia. ... Hay-Herbert Treaty (signed in 1903) is a treaty between Great Britain and United States on the location of the border between Alaska and Canada. ... Map of Panama, with Panama canal On November 18, 1903, the United States and the newly independent (since November 3) nation of Panama signed the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty. ... The Panama Canal Zone (Spanish: ), was a 553 square mile (1,432 km²) territory inside of Panama, consisting of the Panama Canal and an area generally extending 5 miles (8. ... The Treaty of Petrópolis, signed on November 11, 1903, ended tensions between Bolivia and Brazil over the then-Bolivian territory of Acre (today the Acre State). ... Acre is a state of Brazil, located in the north_western part of the country. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Russian and Japanese delegates around the negotiating table at the Portsmouth Navy Yard St The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ended the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War. ... Combatants Russian Empire Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov† Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo Strength 500,000 Soldiers 400,000 Soldiers Casualties 24,844 killed; 146,519 wounded; 59,218 POW; unknown Chinese civilians 47,387 killed; 173,425 woundedï¼› unknown Chinese civilians Greater... The Treaty of Björkö was a secret mutual defense accord signed on July 24, 1905 between Wilhelm II of the German Empire and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... The Taft-Katsura Agreement was a secret agreement signed between William Howard Taft, United States Secretary of War, and Count Katsura of Japan in July 1905. ... A sphere of influence (SOI) is an area or region over which an organization or state exerts some kind of indirect cultural, economic, military or political domination. ... Through the Eulsa Treaty of 17 November 1905, the Korean Empire ceded foreign diplomacy to the Japanese Empire, became a protectorate of Japan, and in effect ceded its national sovereignty to Japan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (&#22825;&#30343;, tenn&#333;) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese imperial family. ... Combatants Russian Empire Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov† Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo Strength 500,000 Soldiers 400,000 Soldiers Casualties 24,844 killed; 146,519 wounded; 59,218 POW; unknown Chinese civilians 47,387 killed; 173,425 woundedï¼› unknown Chinese civilians Greater... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Second Geneva Convention The Second Geneva Convention of 1906, Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea (Geneva, 6 July 1906) extended the principles from the First Geneva Convention of 1864 on... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1906 (in which the Malays were not represented) effectively dissected the northern Malay states into two parts: Pattani, Narathiwat, Songkhla, Satun and Yala remained under Siam, but Siam relinquished its claims to sovereignty over Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis, and Terengganu to Great Britain. ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Treaty of Annexation of Korea by Japan was signed on August 22, 1910 by the representatives of the Korean and Japanese Imperial Governments. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Opium article from The Daily Picayune, February 24, 1912, New Orleans, Louisiana. ... International Drug Control refers to efforts to stem the abuse of illegal drugs internationally. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of London was convened in May 1913 to deal with territorial adjustments arising out of the conclusion of the First Balkan War. ... // Combatants Ottoman Empire Balkan League: Bulgaria Montenegro Greece Serbia Commanders Nizam Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Esat Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Bulgaria: Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Serbia: Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojović, Stepa Stepanović Greece:Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis Strength 350,000 men Bulgaria... The Treaty of Bucharest was concluded on August 10, 1913, by the delegates of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece. ... Combatants Bulgaria Greece Serbia Montenegro Romania Ottoman Empire Commanders Mihail Savov Nikola Ivanov, Vasil Kutinchev, Radko Dimitriev Serbia: Radomir Putnik, Greece:King Constantine, Romania: Crown Prince Ferdinand, Alexandru Averescu Strength 500,000 men Serbia 220,000 men, Romania 200,000 men, Greece 150,000 men, Montenegro 12,000 men The... The Treaty of Friendship and Alliance Between the Government of Mongolia and Tibet was signed in 1913 at Urga (now Ulaanbaatar). ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), having the two names different connotations; see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... lalalalalalalla you are funny! This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Gulf of Fonseca from space, July 1997 The Gulf of Fonseca (Spanish: Golfo de Fonseca) is a gulf in Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. ... The Corn Islands (Las Islas del Maíz in Spanish) are a pair of islands belonging to the Nicaraguan region Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (RAAS), Big Corn Island (Isla Grande del Maíz) and Little Corn Island (Isla Pequeña del Maíz). ... West Indian redirects here. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... London Pact (Italian Patto di Londra) was a secret pact between Italy and Triple Entente, signed in London on April 26, 1915 by Italy, Great Britain, France and Russia. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Zones of French and British influence and control established by the Sykes-Picot Agreement The Sykes-Picot Agreement of May 16, 1916 was a secret understanding between the governments of Britain and France defining their respective spheres of post-World War I influence and control in the Middle East (then... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... After two years of careful neutrality in 1916 Romania saw time arrived to join the war on the side of the Entente with the aim to carve large territories out of Hungary. ... Little Entente was the name of an alliance formed in 1920 and 1921 by Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia with the purpose of defending against Hungarian irredentism and preventing the Habsburg restoration. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... The Lansing-Ishii Agreement of 1917 between the United States and Japan established an Open Door policy in China, while acknowledging that Japan had special interests in China. ... The Corfu Declaration is the agreement that made the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia possible. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Armistice of Mudros was signed between the Ottoman Empire (represented by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Beg) and the Allies (represented by the British Admiral Arthur Calthorpe), in the Mudros port in the island of Lemnos on 30 October 1918. ... Treaty of Batum, June 4, 1918, a treaty between Democratic Republic of Armenia and Ottoman Empire. ... National motto: n/a Language Armenian (official) Capital Yerevan Independence From Imperial Russia, 1918 Currency Armenian dram National anthem Mer Hayrenik The Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA; Armenian: Ô´Õ¥Õ´Õ¸Õ¯Ö€Õ¡Õ¿Õ¡Õ¯Õ¡Õ¶ Õ€Õ¡ÕµÕ¡Õ½Õ¿Õ¡Õ¶Õ« Õ€Õ¡Õ¶Ö€Õ¡ÕºÕ¥Õ¿Õ¸Ö‚Õ©ÕµÕ¸Ö‚Õ¶, Demokratakan Hayastani Hanrapetutyun; also known as the First Republic of Armenia), 1918–1922, was the first modern establishment of a Republic of... The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest, formerly Brest-Litovsk, between Russia and the Central Powers, marking Russias exit from World War I. While the treaty was practically obsolete before the end of the year, it gave some relief to... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... A French caricature on the treaty: the Kaiser points a dagger at a woman (Romania), while showing her the Peace Treaty Delegates at the Peace of Bucharest The Treaty of Bucharest was a peace treaty which was signed on May 7, 1918 forced by Germany to the Romanian side. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Triple Alliance. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of Saint-Germain, was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the new republic of Austria on the other. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... The Palace of Versailles, where the treaty was signed. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement was signed on January 3, 1919, by Emir Faisal (son of the King of Hejaz) and Chaim Weizmann (later President of the World Zionist Organization) as part of the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 settling disputes stemming from World War I. It was a short-lived agreement... Languages Arabic other languages (Arab minorities) Religions Predominantly Islam Some adherents of Druze, Judaism, Samaritan, Christianity Related ethnic groups Mizrachi Jews, Sephardi Jews, Ashkenazi Jews, Canaanites, other Semitic-speaking groups An Arab (Arabic: ‎; transliteration: ) is a member of a Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... The Treaty of Rawalpindi (signed on August 8, 1919 and amended November 22, 1921) was a treaty made between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War. ... The Rise of Dost Mohammad It was not until 1826 that the energetic Dost Mohammad was able to exert sufficient control over his brothers to take over the throne in Kabul, where he proclaimed himself amir. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The 1920 Treaty of Paris declared the union between Bessarabia and Romania. ... 1927 map of Bessarabia from Charles Upson Clarks book Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish, Бесарабія in Ukrainian) is a historical term for the geographic entity in Eastern Europe bounded by the Dniester River on the East and the Prut River on the West. ... The Treaty of Rapallo was a treaty between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by which the latter was forced to give up parts of its Slovenian and Croatian territory. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... The Finnish-Russian border was decided in the Treaty of Tartu. ... Treaty of Tartu (Estonian: Tartu rahu, literally Tartu peace) between Estonia and Soviet Russia was signed in February 2, 1920 after the Estonian War of Independence. ... The negotiations on June 4, 1920. ... The Treaty of Sèvres is a peace treaty that the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire signed on 10 August 1920 after World War I. Representatives from the governments of the parties involved signed the treaty in Sèvres, France. ... Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty was signed in 1920. ... Soviet Russia is sometimes used as a somewhat sloppy synonym to the Soviet Union &#8212; although the term Soviet Russia sometimes refers to Bolshevist Russia from the October Revolution in 1917 to 1922 (Although Russian communists officially formed RSFSR in 1918). ... The Treaty of Alexandropol was a peace treaty between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and TBMM ending the Turkish-Armenian War, before decleration of the Republic of Turkey on December 2, 1920. ... This article is about the country known as Turkey. For other uses of Turkey, see Turkey (disambiguation). ... Motto: Armenian: Õ„Õ¥Õ¯ Ô±Õ¦Õ£ , Õ„Õ¥Õ¯ Õ„Õ·Õ¡Õ¯Õ¸Ö‚ÕµÕ© Transliteration: Mek Azg, Mek Mshakowyt One Nation, One Culture Anthem: Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) Capital (and largest city)  Yerevan1 Official languages Armenian Government Unitary republic  - President Robert Kocharian  - Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan Independence from the USSR   - Declared August 23, 1990   - Recognised September 21, 1991   - Finalised December 25, 1991... The Traité concernant le Spitsberg of February 1920 placed the arctic islands of Spitsbergen as an overseas part of Kingdom of Norway (article I). ... Map of Svalbard, showing Spitsbergen in the North. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The term Franco-Polish Military Alliance refers to the military alliance between Poland and France that was active between 1921 and 1939. ... Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty The Anglo-Irish Treaty, officially called the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and representatives of the extra-judicial Irish Republic which concluded the Irish War of Independence. ... An Irish War of Independence memorial in Dublin The Anglo-Irish War (also known as the Irish War of Independence) was a guerrilla campaign mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army under the proclaimed legitimacy of the First Dáil, the extra-legal Irish parliament... Territory of the Irish Free State Capital Dublin Language(s) Irish, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1922–1936 George V  - 1936–1936 George VI President of the Executive Council  - 1922–1932 W.T. Cosgrave  - 1932–1937 Eamon de Valera Legislature Oireachtas  - Upper house Seanad Éireann  - Lower house Dáil Éireann... Central and Eastern Europe after the Treaty of Riga See also Riga Peace Treaty for other treaties concluded in Riga. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919&#8211;1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 &#8211; March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian... The Thomson-Urrutia Treaty was signed on April 20, 1921 between the United States and Colombia. ... The term Treaty of Berlin is often used for the separate post-World War I peace accord of August 25, 1921 between the United States and Germany following the U.S. Senates rejection of parts of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles and Warren G. Hardings defeat of League... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Soviet-Turkish border as per treaty The Treaty of Kars (Turkish: Kars AntlaÅŸması, Russian: Карсский договор) was a friendship treaty[1] between TBMM, (which was declared Turkey in 1923), and the Soviet Union by the representatives of Russian SFSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Armenian SSR, Georgian SSR. It was signed in Kars on... The Treaty of Ankara (or the Franklin-Bouillon Agreement; Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara) was signed on October 20, 1921 in Ankara, Turkey. ... Cilicia as Roman province, 120 AD In Antiquity, Cilicia (Κιλικία) was the name of a region, now known as Çukurova, and often a political unit, on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ... The Treaty of Moscow was a friendship treaty between Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) and the Bolshevik government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... The Washington Naval Treaty limited the naval armaments of its five signatories: the United States, the British Empire, the Empire of Japan, the French Third Republic, and Italy. ... The Treaty of Rapallo was an agreement of April 16, 1922 between Germany (the Weimar Republic) and Bolshevist Russia under which each renounced all territorial and financial claims against the other following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and World War I. The two governments also agreed to normalise their diplomatic... Anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen The Länder of Germany during the Weimar Republic, with the Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen) as the largest Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1919-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann  - 1933 Adolf Hitler... Bolshevist Russia is a common term that refers to the Red side in the Russian government between the Bolsheviks October Revolution (November 7, 1917) and the constitution of the Soviet Union (December 30, 1922). ... {{year nav|1939 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Borders as shaped by the treaty The Treaty of Lausanne (July 24, 1923) was a peace treaty that settle a part of the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire that reflected the consequences of the Turkish Independence War between Allies of World War I and Turkish national movement, (Grand National Assembly... The Halibut Treaty was between the Americans and the Canadians. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaty of Rome of January 27, 1924 was an agreement by which Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (the later Yugoslavia) assigned the city of Fiume (now Rijeka in Croatia) to Italian and its eastern neighbour Su&#353;ak to Yugoslav administration, with joint port... Following World War I there were two Treaties of Rapallo, both named after Rapallo, a resort on the Ligurian coast of Italy: The Treaty of Rapallo, 1920 was an agreement between Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (the later Yugoslavia) for the independence of the state... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Free state of rijeka. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Susak. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland on 5 October—16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on December 1, in which the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The term Treaty of Berlin is often used for the agreement of April 24, 1926 under which Germany and the Soviet Union each pledged neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... There have been two treaties known as the Treaty of Jedda, after the Saudi Arabian city Jeddah (also known as Jedda, Jiddah, etc. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... President Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Frank B. Kellogg, standing, with representatives of the governments who have ratified the Treaty for Renunciation of War (Kellogg-Briand Pact), in the East Room of the White House. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Lateran Treaties of February 11, 1929 provided for the mutual recognition of the then Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City. ... Italia redirects here. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Third Geneva Convention The Third Geneva Convention (or GCIII) of 1949, one of the Geneva Conventions, is a treaty agreement that primarily concerns the treatment of prisoners of war (POWs), and also touched on other topics. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... The London Naval Treaty was an agreement between the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Italy and the United States, signed on April 22, 1930, which to regulate submarine warfare and limited military shipbuilding. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... The Treaty of Westminister is the declaration written by the United Kingdom shortly after the British Empire devolved as a result of the Statute of Westminister. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as The Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states all of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom, except for Mozambique and the United Kingdom itself. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact (Polish: , Russian: ) was an international treaty of non-aggression signed in 1932 by representatives of Poland and the USSR. The pact was unilaterally broken by the Soviet Union on September 17, 1939, during the Nazi and Soviet invasion of Poland. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact (German: , Polish: ) was an international treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic signed on January 26, 1934. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933&#8211;1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Anthem: Mazurek DÄ…browskiego Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Republic President List Prime minister List Legislature Sejm Historical era Interwar period  - World War I November 11, 1918  - Invasion November 2, 1939 Area  - 1939 388,600 km2 150,039 sq mi Population  - 1939 est. ... The Balkan Pact was a treaty signed by Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia in 1934. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... The Soviet-french non-agression pact was an excuse for Hitler to conquer the demiliterized zone in the Rhineland. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... In 1936 a treaty between Britain and Egypt was signed which became known as the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936. ... Ships moored at El Ballah during transit Egypt: Site of Suez Canal (top). ... The National Bloc signing the Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence in Paris in 1936. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling is an international agreement (see environmental agreement) signed in 1946 designed to make whaling sustainable. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... The Treaty of Saadabad (or the Saadabad Pact) was a non-aggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan on July 9, 1937. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the annual global security meeting held in Munich, see Munich Conference on Security Policy Chamberlain holds the paper containing the resolution to commit to peaceful methods signed by both Hitler and himself on his return from Germany in September 1938. ... Sudetenland (German; Sudety in Czech and Polish) was the name used in the first half of the 20th century for the regions inhabited mostly by Germans in the border areas of Bohemia, Moravia, and those parts of Silesia associated with Bohemia. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Areas ceded by Finland to the Soviet Union The Moscow Peace Treaty was signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on March 12, 1940. ... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov, later Semyon Timoshenko Strength 250,000 men 30 tanks 130 aircraft[1][2] 1,000,000 men 3,000 tanks 3,800 aircraft[3][4] Casualties 26,662 dead 39,886 wounded 1,000 captured[5] 126,875 dead... The Treaty of Craiova was signed on September 7, 1940 between Romania and Bulgaria. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Tito-Å ubaÅ¡ić Agreement was an attempt by the Westerners to merge pre-war royal government of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with the communist-lead partisans who were defending the country in Second World War and were de facto rulers on the liberated territories. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in Latin, Југославија in Cyrillic, English: Land of the South Slavs) describes four political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... London Protocol is a name used to describe several different documents. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The United Nations Charter is the constitution of the United Nations. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Wanfried Agreement (German: Wanfrieder Abkommen) concerned a transfer of territory between the U.S. and Soviet occupation zones after World War II in Hesse, Germany, which took place after the determination of the main inner German border at the end of July 1945. ... The term Hessian refers to the inhabitants of the German state of Hesse. ... Eichsfeld is a district in Thuringia, Germany. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... In 1946, on the isle of Bermuda, U.S. and British negotiators reached the Bermuda Agreement, the first bilateral Air Transport Agreement regulating civil air transport. ... The Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement, named after the foreign ministers of Italy (Alcide De Gasperi) and Austria (Karl Gruber), of September 1946, allowed South Tyrol and Trentino to remain part of Italy, but ensured its autonomy. ... South Tyrol (Italian: Alto Adige, also Sudtirolo or Sud Tirolo; German: Südtirol; Ladin: Adesc Aut[1][2] or Sudtirol; Latin: Tirolo Meridionale; Official in English: Autonomous Province of Bozen - South Tyrol[ — see talk page]; Official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige; Official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen... The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling is an international agreement (see environmental agreement) signed in 1946 designed to make whaling sustainable. ... Protocol Amending the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols on Narcotic Drugs concluded at The Hague on 23 January 1912, at Geneva on 11 February 1925 and 19 February 1925, and 13 July 1931, at Bangkok on 27 November 1931 and at Geneva on 26 June 1936 Opened for signature December 11... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Treaty of London was negotiated between Great Britain and Transjordan on March 22, 1946. ... Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (typically abbreviated GATT) was originally created by the Bretton Woods Conference as part of a larger plan for economic recovery after World War II. The GATTs main purpose was to reduce barriers to international trade. ... The Paris Peace Conference (July 29 to October 15, 1946) resulted in the Paris peace treaties signed on February 10, 1947. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (commonly known as the Rio Treaty or by the Spanish-language acronym TIAR) was an agreement made in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro among many American countries that states among its articles that an attack against one would be considered an attack against... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The North Atlantic Treaty is the treaty that brought NATO into existence, signed in Washington, DC on April 4, 1949. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Fourth Geneva Convention The Fourth Geneva Convention (GCIV) relates to the protection of civilians during times of war in the hands of an enemy and under any occupation by a foreign power. ... The Treaty of Den Haag (also known as the Treaty of The Hague) was signed on December 27, 1949 between representatives from Indonesia and the Netherlands. ... This page is about the geography and history of the island group in Indonesia &#8212; for the political entities encompassing the islands, see Maluku (Indonesian province) and North Maluku. ... New Guinea, located just north of Australia, is the worlds second largest island, having become separated from the Australian mainland when the area now known as the Torres Strait flooded around 5000 BC. The name Papua has also been long-associated with the island (see History, below). ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... Council of Europe Flag: used by the Council of Europe The Council of Europe () is an international organization of 46 member states in the European region (with Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, Georgia and Cyprus also extending into Southwest Asia and Russia into North Asia). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Treaty of Zgorzelec or the Treaty between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic concerning the demarcation of the established and existing Polish-German state border was signed in Zgorzelec, Lower Silesia, Poland on July 6, 1950 by the prime ministers Józef Cyrankiewicz of Poland and... “East Germany” redirects here. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The Treaty of Paris, signed on April 18, 1951 between Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands established the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which subsequently became part of the European Union. ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member-states. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 1948 and came into effect in January 1951. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... Prime Minister Yoshida Shigeru gives a speech on reconciliation and rapport ) at the San Francisco Peace conference. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis Powers during the Second World War. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty (ANZUS or ANZUS Treaty) is the military alliance which bound Australia, New Zealand and the United States to co-operate on defense matters in the Pacific Ocean area, though today the treaty is understood to relate to attacks in any area. ... The Treaty of Peace between Japan and China (Japanese: 日華平和条約, Chinese: 中日和平條約), commonly known as the Treaty of Taipei as it was signed in Taipei, was a peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China (ROC) concluded on April 28, 1952. ... Motto: Three Principles of the People (三民主義 San-min Chu-i) Anthem: National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei (de facto)  Nanjing (de jure)1  Largest city Taipei Official languages Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  -  President Chen Shui-bian  -  Vice President Annette Lu  -  Premier Su Tseng-chang... The Deutschlandvertrag (Germany Treaty, also called the Generalvertrag or General Treaty) is a treaty of international law which was signed by the Federal Republic of Germany (BRD or West Germany), and the Western Allies (France, Great Britain, and the USA on May 26, 1952, but which only took effect, with... The Western Allies were the democracies and their colonial peoples, within the broader coalition of Allies during World War II. The term is generally understood to refer to the countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (from 1939), exiled forces from Occupied Europe (from 1940), the United States, (from 1941), Italy... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Central Treaty Organization (also referred to as CENTO, original name was Middle East Treaty Organization or METO, also known as the Baghdad Pact) was adopted in 1955 by Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, and Iran, as well as the United Kingdom. ... External links kamouflage. ... The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty or the Manila Pact, was an international organization for collective defense established on September 8, 1954. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Occupation zones in Austria, 1945-1955 The Austrian Independence Treaty (complete form: Treaty for the re-establishment of an independent and democratic Austria, signed in Vienna on the 15 May 1955), more commonly referred to as the Austrian State Treaty (German Staatsvertrag), was signed on May 15, 1955 in Vienna... The Simonstown Agreement was a naval cooperation agreement between the United Kingdom and South Africa signed June 30, 1955. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... Simonstown is a naval base in South Africa near Cape Town. ... The South African Navy (SAN), known in Afrikaans as Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot is the navy of South Africa. ... Unofficial Seal of the Warsaw Pact Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Japan and the Soviet Union issued a joint declaration in October 1956 providing for the restoration of diplomatic relations. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Anglo-Malayan Defence Agreement (AMDA) was setup in 1957, is to provide a security umbrella for the then newly independent Malaya. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome established the European Economic Community (EEC) and was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg (the latter three as part of the Benelux) on March 25, 1957. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1958 US-UK Mutual Defence Agreement is a bilateral treaty between the US and the UK on nuclear weapons cooperation. ... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature ??? at ??? Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] The term United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, also called simply the Law of the Sea or... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate the international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earths only uninhabited continent. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... The Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security (in Japanese, 日本国とアメリカ合衆国との間の相互協力及び安全保障条約, Treaty of mutual cooperation and security between Japan and the United States of America) was signed between the United States and Japan in Washington on January 19, 1960. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan. ... There have been several treaties signed in Montevideo. ... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Scud Missile The U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) was established as an independent agency by the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (75 Stat. ... The Columbia River Treaty (Treaty) is an international agreement between Canada and the United States of America (U.S.) on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations is an international treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of a diplomatic mission. ... The Alliance for Progress initiated by President John F. Kennedy in 1961 aimed to establish economic cooperation between North and South America. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890&#8211;March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953&#8211;1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs Opened for signature March 30, 1961 at New York Entered into force December 13, 1964[1] Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 180[2] The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is the international treaty against illicit drug manufacture and trafficking that forms the... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... The Nassau Agreement was a treaty negotiated between President John F. Kennedy for the United States and Prime Minister Harold Macmillan for the United Kingdom. ... The Polaris Missile was a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carrying a nuclear warhead developed during the Cold War for the United States Navy. ... The Holy Loch seen across the Firth of Clyde with Dunoon on the left The Holy Loch is a body of water in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Vienna Convention on Consular Relations The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR) was completed in 1963 as a multilateral treaty to codify consular practices that developed through customary international law and numerous bilateral treaties. ... Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Background Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage: International Framework In September 1997, government took a significant step forward in improving the liability régime for nuclear damage. ... The Treaty Banning poop, in Outer Space, and Under Water, often abbreviated as the Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT), Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), or Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (NTBT), although the former also refers to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), is a treaty intended to obtain an agreement... François Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl in Verdun in 1984 The Franco-German Cooperation or Franco-German Partnership are terms to describe the high collaboration between the countries of France and Germany in the post-1945 world. ... The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention or Strasbourg Convention is a multilateral treaty signed by Member States of the Council of Europe on November 27, 1963 in Strasbourg, France. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Merger Treaty, signed in Brussels on 8 April 1965 and in force since 1 July 1967, first gathered together the organizational structures of the then three European Communities (European Coal and Steel Community, European Economic Community and Euratom). ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member-states. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The European Atomic Energy Community, or EURATOM, is an international organisation composed of the members of the European Union. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The Council of the European Union (French: Le Conseil de lUnion européenne, German: Rat der Europäischen Union) is a governing body that forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (Japanese: 日韓基本条約, Nikkan Kihon Jōyaku; Korean: 한일기본조약, 韓日基本條約, Hanil Gibon Joyak) was signed on June 22, 1965 to establish basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean Opened for signature 14 February 1967 at Mexico City Entered into force 25 April 1969 Conditions for entry into force Deposit of ratifications (Art. ... ASEAN Declaration or Bangkok Declaration is the founding document of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). ... Bold textLink titleWRONG // The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN - pronounced AH-SEE-AHN) is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. ... The Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, or WIPO Convention, was signed at Stockholm, Sweden, on July 14, 1967 and entered into force on April 26, 1970. ... Headquarters in Geneva The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. ... // The Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies also known as the Outer Space Treaty (the Treaty), was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union (the three... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Opened for signature July 1, 1968 in New York Entered into force March 5, 1970 Conditions for entry into force Ratification by the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, the United States, and 40 other signatory states. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (or VCLT), adopted on May 22, 1969 and opened for signature on May 23, 1969, codified the pre-existing customary international law on treaties, with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications. ... The Arusha Agreement was a treaty signed on 1969-09-24 in Arusha, Tanzania, between the European Community and the three East African states of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. ... The European Community (EC), most important of two European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) provides a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions internationally. ... The 1970 Boundary Treaty between the United States and Mexico settled all then pending boundary disputes and uncertainties related to the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) border. ... The Treaty of Warsaw is a treaty between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish Peoples Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ... The Oder-Neisse line (German: , Polish: ) marked the border between German Democratic Republic and Poland between 1950 and 1990. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Opened for signature February 21, 1971 in Vienna Entered into force August 16, 1976 Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 175 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is a United Nations treaty designed to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and psychedelics. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Amphetamine is a synthetic drug originally developed (and still used) as an appetite suppressant. ... Barbiturates are drugs that acts as central nervous system (CNS) depressants, and by virtue of this they produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to anesthesia. ... Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... The Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA) are a defence relationship established by an agreement between the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and Singapore signed in 1971, whereby the five nations will consult each other in the event of external aggression or threat of attack against Malaysia or Singapore. ... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... The Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification (or IPC), also known as the IPC Agreement, was signed in Strasbourg, France, on March 24, 1971 and entered into force on October 7, 1975. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a government to an inventor or applicant for a limited amount of time (normally maximum 20 years from the filing date, depending on extension). ... An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ... A utility model is an intellectual property right to protect inventions. ... The Seabed Arms Control Treaty (or Seabed Treaty) is a multilateral agreement between the United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and 84 other countries banning the emplacement of nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction on the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile (22. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM treaty or ABMT) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons. ... The Basic Treaty in common usage stands for the Treaty concerning the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. The Basic Treaty of 1972 was part of the Ostpolitik under Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... Biological Weapons Convention Opened for signature April 10, 1972 at Moscow, Washington and London Entered into force March 26, 1975 Conditions for entry into force ??? Parties ??? The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (usually referred to... The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals is part of the Antarctic Treaty System. ... For other uses, see Antarctica (disambiguation). ... Families Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Pinnipeds (fin-feet, lit. ... The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972, commonly called the London Convention or LC 72 and also abbreviated as Marine Dumping, is an agreement to control pollution of the sea by dumping and to encourage regional agreements supplementary to the Convention. ... The Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the Peoples Republic of China (Chinese: 中华人民共和国政府与日本政府的联合声明 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhèngfÇ” yÇ” RìbÄ›n ZhèngfÇ” de Liánhé ShÄ“ngmíng? Japanese: 日本国政府と中華人民共和国政府の共同声明 Nippon-koku Seifu to ChÅ«kajinmin-kyōwakoku... The Simla Treaty, popularly known as the Simla Pact or the Simla Agreement, was signed between India and Pakistan on July 2, 1972. ... Combatants Mukti Bahini India Aided By  Soviet Union Pakistan Aided By United States People’s Republic of China Commanders • General M A G Osmani • General Jagjit Singh Aurora • General Sam Manekshaw • General A. A. K. Niazi • General Tikka Khan Strength India: 500,000+ Mukti Bahini: 100,000[1][2] Pakistan... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Convention on the Grant of European Patents of 5 October 1973, commonly known as the European Patent Convention (EPC), is a multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation and providing an autonomous legal system according to which European patents are granted. ... The European Patent Organisation (EPO or EPOrg in order to distinguish it from the European Patent Office, which is the main organ of the organisation) is a public international organisation set up by the European Patent Convention. ... Signing the peace accords. ... Vientiane treaty was a treaty signed in Vientiane, capital of Laos, which estabilished the similarly-called organisation of Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos. ... Pathet Lao (Laotian, Land of Laos) was a communist, nationalist political movement and organization in Laos, formed in the mid 20th century. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Japan Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (JAMBA) is a treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds which migrate between the two countries. ... The Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, also known as the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT), was signed in July 1974. ... A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Map of the partition of the Free Territory of Trieste (1947-1954) between Italy and Yugoslavia, as fixed by the Treaty of Osimo (1975). ... Zone A and Zone B of the Free Territory of Trieste Capital Trieste Language(s) Italian, Slovenian, Croatian Government Republic Historical era Cold War  - Established September 15, 1947  - Partition October 26, 1954  - Treaty of Osimo October 11, 1977 Area  - 1947 738 km2 285 sq mi Population  - 1947 est. ... The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was created by the Treaty of Lagos on May 28, 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria. ... The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded on May 28, 1975 when fifteen West African countries signed the Treaty of Lagos. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... note - abbreviated as Environmental Modification opened for signature - December 10, 1976 entered into force - October 5, 1978 objective - to prohibit the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques in order to further world peace and trust among nations parties - (66) Afghanistan, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Map of Panama, with Panama canal The Torrijos-Carter Treaties (sometimes referred to in the singular as the Torrijos-Carter Treaty), are a pair of treaties signed by the United States and Panama in Washington, D. C. on September 7, 1977, abrogating the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty signed in 1903. ... Map of Panama, with Panama canal On November 18, 1903, the United States and the newly independent (since November 3) nation of Panama signed the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Celebrating the signing of the Camp David Accords (1978): Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter, Anwar Sadat The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. ... The Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the Peoples Republic of China was concluded on August 12, 1978. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The Israel-Egypt peace treaty (Arabic: معاهدة السلام المصرية الإسرائيلية; transliterated: Muahadat as-Salam al-Masriyah al-Israyliyah) (Hebrew: הסכם שלום ישראל-מצרים; transliterated: Heskem Shalom Yisrael-Mizraim) was signed in Washington, DC, United States, on March 26, 1979, following the Camp David Accords (1978). ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 For other uses of the word Sinai, please see: Sinai (disambiguation). ... Ships moored at El Ballah during transit Egypt: Site of Suez Canal (top). ...  signed and ratified  only signed The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, better known as the Moon Treaty or Moon Agreement is an international treaty that turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies (including the orbits around such bodies) over to the international community. ... There have been several treaties signed in Montevideo. ... Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sino-British Joint Declaration, formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Peoples Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, was signed by the Prime Ministers of the Peoples... The Nkomati Accord was a nonagression treaty signed in 1984 between Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa. ... The Arabic-African Union Treaty was signed on August 13, 1984 between King Hassan II of Morocco and Muammar al-Gaddafi of Libya. ... Map of Picton, Lennox and Nueva The Argentina-Chile Peace and Friendship Treaty (Spanish: Tratado de Paz y Amistad) was an agreement signed in 1984 between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands and sea located south of Tierra del Fuego resolving a serious... Map of Picton, Lennox and Nueva Picton, Lennox and Nueva is a group of three uninhabited islands (and their islets) located on the extreme south of South America, in the Chilean region Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, near Navarino island and the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Plaza Accord was an agreement signed on September 22, 1985 by the then G-5 nations (France, West Germany, Japan, the United States and the United Kingdom). ... G5 group was also used to refer to the original G8 The G5 Group (or G5) includes the largest European countries: France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Spain. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory[1], the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code JPY User(s) Japan Inflation -0. ... The Deutsche Mark (DM, DEM) was the official currency of West and, from 1990, unified Germany. ...  Implementing countries  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The 1985 Schengen Agreement is an agreement among... Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30% opened for signature - July 8, 1985 entered into force - September 2, 1987 objective - to provide for a 30% reduction in sulphur emissions or transboundary fluxes... The Treaty of Rarotonga is the common name for the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, which formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The China Australia Migratory Bird Agreement is a treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds which migrate between the two countries. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... U.S. President Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev signing the INF Treaty, 1987. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes, opened for signature on 31 October 1988 and entered into force on 14 February 1991, was to provide for the control or reduction of nitrogen oxides and... Nitrogen has six different oxides: Nitric oxide (NO) Nitrous oxide (N2O) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Dinitrogen trioxide (N2O3) Dinitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) Dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) The term nitrogen oxide is imprecise and can be used to refer to any of these or to a mixture of them. ... United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Opened for signature December 20, 1988[1] at Vienna Entered into force November 11, 1990[2] Conditions for entry into force 20 ratifications Parties 170[3] The 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and... Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs Opened for signature March 30, 1961 at New York Entered into force December 13, 1964[1] Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 180[2] The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is the international treaty against illicit drug manufacture and trafficking that forms the... Opened for signature February 21, 1971 in Vienna Entered into force August 16, 1976 Conditions for entry into force 40 ratifications Parties 175 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is a United Nations treaty designed to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and psychedelics. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer from depletion by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. ... The ozone layer, or ozonosphere layer (very rarely used term), is the part of the Earths atmosphere which contains relatively high concentrations of ozone (O3). ... Global monthly average total ozone amount Ozone depletion describes two distinct but related observations: a slow, steady decline of about 4 percent per decade in the total amount of ozone in Earths stratosphere since around 1980; and a much larger, but seasonal, decrease in stratospheric ozone over Earths... The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) from 1989 to 1992 established comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe (from the Atlantic to the Urals) and mandated the destruction of excess weaponry. ... The Timor Gap Treaty is a treaty between the governments of Australia and Indonesia signed in 1989. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Malaysia-Singapore Points of Agreement of 1990 (POA) is a agreement between the two Southeast Asian countries regarding the future of railway land own by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways (Keretapi Tanah Melayu or KTM) in Singapore. ... The Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany is the final peace treaty negotiated between the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, and the Four Powers which occupied Germany at the end of World War II in Europe: France, the United Kingdom, the United States and... The term Four Powers usually refers to the four countries that occupied a defeated Germany after the end of the Second World War in 1945 - France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. ... The Oder-Neisse line (German: , Polish: ) marked the border between German Democratic Republic and Poland between 1950 and 1990. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Brioni Agreement is a document signed on the Brioni (Brijuni) islands (near Pula, Croatia) on July 7th 1991 by representatives of the Republic of Slovenia and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia under the political sponsorship of the European Community. ... The Abuja Treaty is an international agreement signed on June 3rd 1991 in Abuja, Nigeria. ...  members of AEC pillar blocs  states signatories to the AEC Treaty, but not participating in any of the pillars The member states of the African Union are mounting efforts to collaborate economically, but they are impeded by the civil wars raging in several parts of Africa. ... The Treaty of Asunción was a treaty between the countries of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed on March 16, 1991. ... Official Languages Portuguese, Spanish and Guaraní Members  Argentina (1991)  Brazil (1991)  Paraguay (1991)  Uruguay (1991)  Venezuela (2006)2 Associate Members  Bolivia (1997)  Chile (1996)  Colombia (2004)  Ecuador (2004)  Peru (2003) Observer  Mexico (2004)3 Presidency Carlos Chacho Álvarez Seat of Secretariat Montevideo Area 12. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ... UNFCCC logo. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ... Global mean surface temperatures 1850 to 2006 Mean surface temperature anomalies during the period 1995 to 2004 with respect to the average temperatures from 1940 to 1980 Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earths atmosphere and oceans in recent decades and the projected... The Treaty on Open Skies entered into force on January 1, 2002, and currently has 34 States Parties. ... English Electric Canberra PR.9 photo reconnaissance aircraft CP-140 Aurora long-range patrol aircraft of the Canadian Air Force. ... The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ) - Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv) is a confederation or alliance consisting of 12 former Soviet Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. ... Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Member states 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 Official website http://cis. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993. ... Chemical Weapons Convention Opened for signature January 13, 1993 in Paris Entered into force April 29, 1997 Conditions for entry into force Ratification by 50 states and the convening of a Preparatory Commission Parties 181 (as of Oct. ... Chemical warfare is warfare (and associated military operations) using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Israel-Jordan peace treaty was signed at the southern border crossing of Wadi Araba on October 26, 1994, and made Jordan only the second Arab country (after Egypt) to normalize relations with Israel. ... The North American Free Trade Area is the trade bloc created by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and its two supplements, the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC), whose members are Canada, Mexico and the United States. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... The Kremlin accords were a series of treaties signed between Presidents Bill Clinton of the United States of America and Boris Yeltsin of the Russian Federation on January 14, 1994. ... United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Opened for signature December 10, 1982 in Montego Bay (Jamaica) Entered into force November 16, 1994[1] Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 149[2] For maritime law in general see Admiralty law. ... Pollution is the release of environmental contaminants. ... The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa is an agreement to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements. ... Ship stranded by the retreat of the Aral Sea Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors including climatic variations, but primarily human activities. ... A drought is a period of time when there is not enough water to support agricultural, urban, human, or environmental water needs. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, i. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is a treaty of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that entered into force in January 1995 as a result of the Uruguay Round negotiations. ... This box:      The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Opened for signature September 10, 1996[1] in New York Entered into force Not yet in force Conditions for entry into force The treaty will enter into force 180 days after it is ratified by all of the following 44 (Annex 2) countries: Algeria, Argentina, Australia... A ceasefire agreement that marked the end of the First Chechen War was signed in Khasav-Yurt on August 30, 1996 between Alexander Lebed and Aslan Maskhadov. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The WIPO Copyright Treaty, adopted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1996, provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary in the modern information era. ... Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA)is: the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) was adopted in Geneva on December 20, 1996. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts The Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, commonly known as the Amsterdam Treaty, was signed on... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ... Chemical Weapons Convention Opened for signature January 13, 1993 in Paris Entered into force April 29, 1997 Conditions for entry into force Ratification by 50 states and the convening of a Preparatory Commission Parties 181 (as of Oct. ... Chemical warfare is warfare (and associated military operations) using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement and, more rarely, as the Stormont Agreement) was a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process. ... When discussing the history of Northern Ireland, the peace process is generally considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 IRA ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of The Troubles, the Belfast (or Good Friday) Agreement, and subsequent political developments. ... Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants opened for signature - June 24, 1998; not yet in force objective - to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of persistent organic pollutants in order to reduce their transboundary fluxes so as to protect... Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Opened for signature June 17, 1998[1] at Rome Entered into force July 1, 2002 Conditions for entry into force 60 ratifications Parties 99[2] The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (or Rome Statute) is the treaty which established the International... Official logo of the ICC. The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, crime of aggression, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Kyoto Protocol Opened for signature December 11, 1997 in Kyoto, Japan Entered into force February 16, 2005. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ... The Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty is a post-Cold War adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), signed on November 19, 1999. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Unofficial Seal of the Warsaw Pact Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ...

2000–current

Year Name Summary
2000 Cotonou Agreement Attempts to reduce poverty and integrate the ACP countries into the world economy; comes into force in 2002.
Patent Law Treaty[191] Harmonizes formal procedures such as the requirements to obtain a filing date for a patent application, the form and content of a patent application, and representation.
Treaty of Jedda Resolves a border dispute between Saudi Arabia and Yemen that dates backs to Saudi boundary claims made in 1934.
2001 Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels Attempts to prevent the decline of seabird populations in the southern hemisphere, particularly albatrosses and procellariidae.
Cybercrime Convention Prohibits the use of computers or networks as tools for criminal activity.
Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation Twenty-year strategic treaty between Russia and the People's Republic of China.
Treaty of Nice Amends two founding treaties of the European Union.
2002 ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution Between ASEAN nations to bring haze pollution under control in Southeast Asia.
Gbadolite Agreement Attempts to cease hostilities between the warring factions in the Second Congo War; treaty has limited effect.
Pretoria Accord Rwandan troops withdraw from the Democratic Republic of the Congo in exchange for international commitment towards the disarmament of the interahamwe and the ex-FAR fighters.
SORT[192] Limits the nuclear arsenals of Russia and the United States.
2003 ASEAN Free Trade Area[193] Agreement by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries.
Treaty of Accession 2003 Integrates ten nations into the European Union; comes into forces on May 1, 2004.
2004 International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture[194] Assures farmers' facilitated access to seeds of the world's food security crops; comes into force on June 29, 2004.
2005 Energy Community South East Europe Treaty[195] Establishes the European Energy Community.
Treaty of Accession 2005 Integrates two nations (Bulgaria and Romania) into the European Union; comes into force on January 1, 2007.
2006 Tripoli Agreement[196] Ends Chadian-Sudanese conflict.
Waziristan Accord[197] Ends Waziristan war.

2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cotonou Agreement is a treaty between the European Union and the group of African, Caribbean and Pacific states (ACP countries). ... ACP States The ACP States are the countries that are signatories of the Lomé Convention. ... The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) is a patent law multilateral treaty concluded on June 1, 2000 in Geneva, Switzerland, by 53 States and one intergovernmental organization, the European Patent Organisation. ... There have been two treaties known as the Treaty of Jedda, after the Saudi Arabian city Jeddah (also known as Jedda, Jiddah, etc. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels is a legally binding international treaty signed in 2001. ... Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ... Genera Several, List of Procellariidae. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation Between the Peoples Republic of China and the Russian Federation (FCT) is a twenty-year strategic treaty which was signed by the leaders of the two powers, Jiang Zemin and Vladimir Putin, on July 16, 2001. ... Treaty of Nice The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the euro and the three-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Severe haze affecting Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2005 ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution is an environmental agreement signed in 2002 between ASEAN nations to bring haze pollution under control in Southeast Asia. ... Main languages See Languages of ASEAN Secretary General Ong Keng Yong of Singapore Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 550,000,000 122. ... Severe haze affecting Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2005 Moon over red and blue haze For other uses, see Haze (disambiguation). ... Pollution is the release of environmental contaminants. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Gbadolite Agreement was signed on 31 December 2002 by three of the warring factions in the Second Congo War: the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), the Rally for Congolese Democracy-National (RCD-N) and the Rally for Congolese Democracy-Liberation Movement (RCD-ML). ... Combatants Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Mai-Mai, Hutu-aligned forces Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Movement for the Liberation of Congo Congolese Rally for Democracy Tutsi-aligned forces Commanders Laurent-Désiré Kabila (Congo), Joseph Kabila (Congo), Sam Nujoma Robert Mugabe José Eduardo dos Santos Idriss D... The Pretoria Accord was a July 2002 agreement made between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the withdrawal of Rwandan troops from the DRC in exchange for international commitment towards the disarmament of the interahamwe and the ex-FAR fighters. ... The Interahamwe (Kinyarwanda meaning Those Who Stand Together or Those Who Fight Together) was the most important of the militias formed by the Hutu ethnic majority of Rwanda and, together with the smaller Impuzamugambi, was responsible for over 800,000 deaths in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. ... The Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), better known as the Moscow Treaty, is a 2002 treaty between Russia and the United States limiting their nuclear arsenal to 1700-2200 operationally deployed warheads each. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Template:ASIAN table ASIAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is an agreement by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, of local manufacturing in all ASEAN countries. ... Bold textLink titleWRONG // The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN - pronounced AH-SEE-AHN) is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. ... Main languages See Languages of ASEAN Secretary General Ong Keng Yong of Singapore Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 550,000,000 122. ... The Treaty of Accession 2003 was the agreement between the European Union and ten countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia), concerning these countries accession into the EU. At the same time it changed a number of points which were originally laid down in the... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, popularly known as the International Seed Treaty, is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with Convention on Biological Diversity, which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the worlds plant genetic resources... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Energy Community South East Europe Treaty (ECSEE) signed in Athens, Greece on 25 October 2005. ... The Energy Community South East Europe Treaty (ECSEE) signed in Athens, Greece on 25 October 2005. ... European Union 2007  Member states The Treaty of Accession 2005 is an agreement between the member states of European Union and Bulgaria and Romania. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Tripoli Agreement (also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration) was signed on February 8, 2006, by Chadian President Idriss Déby, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, and Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi, effectively ending the Chadian-Sudanese conflict that has devastated border towns in eastern... Combatants Sudan, United Front for Democratic Change rebel alliance Chad Commanders Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir (Sudan), Mohammed Nour (UFDC) Idriss Deby Strength ~120,000 est. ... The Waziristan Accord (or North Waziristan Accord) is an agreement between the government of Pakistan and tribals, resident in the Waziristan area to mutually cease hostilities in North Waziristan (a district in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas adjacent to Afghanistan). ... Combatants Pakistan, USA Waziristan tribesmen, al-Qaeda members Commanders Pervez Musharraf Ayman al-Zawahiri (probable) Strength 15,000? 8000-20,000? Casualties 500 Pakistanis, 50 Americans 2000 confirmed The Waziristan War (2004-present) is an ongoing armed conflict that began in 2004 when the Pakistani Army began its search for...

Pending

The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is a free trade agreement between the United States and the Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and Canada, and Mexico. ... This article or section needs to be updated. ... The Substantive Patent Law Treaty (SPLT) is a proposed international patent law treaty aimed at harmonizing substantive points of patent law. ... The Treaty on the Protection of Broadcasting Organizations (or the WIPO Broadcasting Treaty) was first developed by members of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in order to provide media organizations copyright protection for all their broadcasts. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ Also known as the Edict on Prices or the Edict of Diocletian; in Latin, Edictum De Pretiis Rerum Venalium.
  5. ^ Also known as the Pact of Andelot.
  6. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Tudején.
  7. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Winchester or the Treaty of Westminster.
  8. ^ Also known as the First Treaty of Constance.
  9. ^ Also known as the Peace of Venice.
  10. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Cazola.
  11. ^ Also known as the Second Treaty of Constance.
  12. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Almiçra.
  13. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Albeville.
  14. ^ Also known as the Peace of Bratislava.
  15. ^ Also known as a sentencia arbitral, "sentence by arbitration."
  16. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Orekhovo.
  17. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Rhense.
  18. ^ Also known as the Second Treaty of London.
  19. ^ Also known as the Reconciliation of Delft.
  20. ^ Also known as the Peace of Copenhagen.
  21. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Westminster-Ardtornish.
  22. ^ Also known as the Peace of Conflans.
  23. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Alcaçovas-Toledo.
  24. ^ Also known as the Capitulation of Granada.
  25. ^ Also known as the Edict of January.
  26. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Longjumeau or the Edict of Longjumeau.
  27. ^ Also known as the Edict of Beaulieu-les-Loches or the Peace of Monsieur.
  28. ^ Also known as the Edict of Poitiers.
  29. ^ Also known as the Perpetual Edict.
  30. ^ Also known as the Edict of Fleix and the Peace of Fleix.
  31. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Tyavzino.
  32. ^ Also known as the Peace of Zsitvatorok.
  33. ^ Also known as the Peace of Vienna.
  34. ^ Also known as the Twelve Years Truce.
  35. ^ Also known as Guswhenta or Kaswhenta.
  36. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Dywilino.
  37. ^ Also known as the Peace of Mikulov.
  38. ^ Also known as the Peace of Montpellier.
  39. ^ Also known as the Peace of Bratislava.
  40. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Stary Targ.
  41. ^ Also known as the Edict of Alès.
  42. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Ratisbonne.
  43. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf, the Armistice of Stuhmsdorf, the Peace of Stuhmsdorf, and the Truce of Stuhmsdorf.
  44. ^ Also known as the Peace of Berwick or the Pacification of Berwick.
  45. ^ Also known as the Peace of Qasr-e-Shirin.
  46. ^ Also known as the Peace of Brömsebro.
  47. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Ulm.
  48. ^ Also known as the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück.
  49. ^ Also known as the Partition Treaty of 1648.
  50. ^ Also known as the Høje Taastrup Peace.
  51. ^ Also known as the Peace of Oliva.
  52. ^ Also known as the Peace of Cardis.
  53. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Purandhar.
  54. ^ Also known as the Treaty Between Virginia And The Indians 1677
  55. ^ Also known as the Treaty of The Hague or the First Partition Treaty.
  56. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Karlovci.
  57. ^ Also known as the Second Partition Treaty.
  58. ^ Also known as the Peace of Szatmár.
  59. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Požarevac.
  60. ^ Also known as the Treaty of The Hague.
  61. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Turku.
  62. ^ Also known as the Gianti Agreement.
  63. ^ Also known as the Hanguranketha Treaty.
  64. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Purandhar.
  65. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Delawares.
  66. ^ Also known as the Beaufort Convention.
  67. ^ Also known as the Jay's Treaty or the Treaty of London.
  68. ^ Also known as the Treaty of San Lorenzo, the Treaty of Madrid, and the Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation Between Spain and the United States.
  69. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Peace and Friendship.
  70. ^ Also known as the Peace of Leoben.
  71. ^ Also known as the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana.
  72. ^ Also known as the Convention of 1800.
  73. ^ Also known as the Dardanelles Treaty of Peace, Commerce, and Secret Alliance, the Treaty of Çanak, and the Treaty of Chanak.
  74. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  75. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Vienna.
  76. ^ Also known as the Convention of London.
  77. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the Creeks, 1814.
  78. ^ Also known as the Segowlee Treaty.
  79. ^ Also known as the Treaty of the Foot of the Rapids.
  80. ^ Also known as the Convention respecting fisheries, boundary, and the restoration of slaves, the London Convention, the Convention of 1818, or the Treaty of 1818.
  81. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and the Florida Purchase Treaty.
  82. ^ Also known as the Treaty of London.
  83. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Mississinewa.
  84. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Edirne.
  85. ^ Also known as the Convention of 1839.
  86. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Commerce
  87. ^ Also known as the Sino-American Treaty of Wanghia.
  88. ^ Also known as the Treaty with the United Kingdom, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, and the Treaty of Washington.
  89. ^ Also known as the Tratado de Paz, Amistad, Navegación y Comercio (Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Navigation and Trade).
  90. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Kuldja.
  91. ^ Also known as the Kanagawa Treaty.
  92. ^ Also known as the Elgin-Marcy Treaty.
  93. ^ Also known as the Congress of Paris.
  94. ^ Also known as the Harris Treaty.
  95. ^ Also known as the First Convention of Peking.
  96. ^ Also known as the Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, 1864.
  97. ^ Also known as the Second Treaty of London.
  98. ^ Also known as the Meter Convention and the Treaty of the Meter.
  99. ^ Also known as the Korea-Japanese Treaty of Amity.
  100. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Al-Qasr as-Sa'id and the Treaty of Kasser Said.
  101. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Protectorate.
  102. ^ Also known as the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
  103. ^ Also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890.
  104. ^ Also known as the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks
  105. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Maguan.
  106. ^ Also known as the Second Convention of Peking.
  107. ^ Also known as the Peace Agreement between the Great Powers and China.
  108. ^ Also known as the Treaty No Panamanian Signed.
  109. ^ Also known as the Taft-Katsura Memorandum.
  110. ^ Also known as the Bangkok Treaty of 1909.
  111. ^ Also known as the Treaty concerning Spitsbergen.
  112. ^ Also known as the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland.
  113. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Riga.
  114. ^ Also known as the Accord of Ankara, the Franklin-Bouillon Agreement and the Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara.
  115. ^ Also known as the Five-Power Treaty.
  116. ^ Also known as the Pact of Paris.
  117. ^ Also known as the GCIII.
  118. ^ Also known as the Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armament.
  119. ^ Also known as the Statute of Westminster 1931.
  120. ^ Also known as the Saadabad Pact.
  121. ^ Also known as the Hitler-Stalin Pact, the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, the or Nazi-Soviet Pact and formally as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  122. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Vis.
  123. ^ Also known as the Chicago Convention.
  124. ^ Also known formally as the Protocol Amending the Agreements, Conventions and Protocols on Narcotic Drugs concluded at The Hague on 23 January 1912, at Geneva on 11 February 1925 and 19 February 1925, and 13 July 1931, at Bangkok on 27 November 1931 and at Geneva on 26 June 1936.
  125. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as GATT.
  126. ^ Also known as the Rio Treaty and Rio Pact.
  127. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Washington.
  128. ^ Also known as GCIV.
  129. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic concerning the demarcation of the established and existing Polish-German state border.
  130. ^ Also known as San Francisco Peace Treaty and the Treaty of Peace with Japan.
  131. ^ Also known as the Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty.
  132. ^ Also known as the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.
  133. ^ Also known as the Generalvertrag .
  134. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as CENTO; original name was the Middle East Treaty Organization or METO; also known as the Baghdad Pact.
  135. ^ Also known as the Manila Pact.
  136. ^ Also known as the Austrian Independence Treaty.
  137. ^ Also known as the Warsaw Treaty and the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance.
  138. ^ Also known, in 1963, as the Anglo-Malaysian Defence Agreement.
  139. ^ Also known as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
  140. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as ATS.
  141. ^ Also known as the Limited Test Ban Treaty, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests In The Atmosphere, In Outer Space And Under Water.
  142. ^ Also known as the Franco-German Partnership.
  143. ^ Also known as the Strasbourg Patent Convention and the Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention.
  144. ^ Also known as the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  145. ^ Also known as the ASEAN Declaration.
  146. ^ Also known as the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization.
  147. ^ Also known as the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies.
  148. ^ Also known as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
  149. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the VCLT.
  150. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the PCT.
  151. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as the FPDA.
  152. ^ Also known as the Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification.
  153. ^ Also known as the Seabed Treaty.
  154. ^ Also known as the ABM Treaty or ABMT.
  155. ^ Also known as the Treaty concerning the basis of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.
  156. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction.
  157. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter.
  158. ^ Also known formally as the Joint Communiqué of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China.
  159. ^ Also known as the Simla Pact and the Simla Agreement.
  160. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Grant of European Patents.
  161. ^ Also known, in abbreviated form, as JAMBA.
  162. ^ Also known as the Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests.
  163. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
  164. ^ Also known as the Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies or the Moon Agreement.
  165. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as ANZCERTA.
  166. ^ Also known formally as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong.
  167. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%.
  168. ^ Also known as the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty.
  169. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes.
  170. ^ Also known as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
  171. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CFE.
  172. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty on European Union.
  173. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated forms, as the UNFCCC or the FCCC.
  174. ^ Also known as the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or the Declaration of Principles (DOP).
  175. ^ Also known formally as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
  176. ^ Also known formally as the Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
  177. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the UNCLOS.
  178. ^ Also known as the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa.
  179. ^ Also known as the Dayton Accords, the Dayton-Paris Agreement and the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  180. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the GATS.
  181. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the CTBT.
  182. ^ Also known as the World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty.
  183. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the WPPT.
  184. ^ Also known as the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts.
  185. ^ Also known as the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.
  186. ^ Also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.
  187. ^ Also known as the Good Friday Agreement and rarely known as the Stormont Agreement.
  188. ^ Also known as the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
  189. ^ Also known as the Rome Statute.
  190. ^ Also known formally as the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  191. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the PLT.
  192. ^ Also known as the Moscow Treaty and the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions.
  193. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as AFTA.
  194. ^ Also known as the International Seed Treaty.
  195. ^ Also known, in its abbreviated form, as the ECSEE.
  196. ^ Also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration.
  197. ^ Also known as the North Waziristan Accord.

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Avalon Project : Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans (69 words)
Treaty with the Cheyenne and Arapaho; October 14, 1865
Treaty with the Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho; October 17, 1865.
Treaty With the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache; October 21, 1867.
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1901 - Hay-Pauncefote Treaty - Nullifies the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
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