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Encyclopedia > List of tallest buildings and structures in the world
The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the world's tallest man-made stucture. As of 7 April 2008, the building, which is still under construction, stood at 629 m (2,064 ft). When completed, it is planned to rise over 800 m (2,625 ft).

While determining the world's tallest structure has generally been straightforward, the definition of the world's tallest building or the world's tallest tower is less clear. The disputes generally center on what should be counted as a building or a tower, and what is being measured. Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Nonbuilding structures, also referred to simply as structures, are those not designed for continuous human occupancy. ... Old Executive Office Building, Washington D.C. Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, China In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following: Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or An... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In terms of absolute height, the tallest structures are currently the dozens of radio and television broadcasting towers which measure over 600 meters (about 2,000 feet) in height. There is, however, some debate about: Masts of the Rugby VLF transmitter in England Radio masts and towers are, typically, tall structures designed to support antennas (also known as aerials in the UK) for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...

  • whether structures under construction should be included in the list
  • whether structures rising out of water should have their below-water height included.

For towers, there is debate over:

  • whether guy-wire-supported structures should be counted

For buildings, there is debate over: KVLY-TV mast, which is guy-wire supported. ...

  • whether communication towers with observation galleries should be considered habitable buildings.
  • whether only habitable height is considered.
  • whether roof-top antennas should be considered towards height of buildings; with particular interest in whether components that look like spires can be either classified as antennas or architectural detail.

These debates will likely lose some relevance in 2009, as the Burj Dubai, a building currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, has already become the world's tallest man-made stucture. Observation tower in Auersberg, Saxony, Germany. ... A yagi antenna Most simply, an antenna is an electronic component designed to send or receive radio waves. ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq...

Contents

Tallest structures

KVLY-TV mast
The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario was the world's tallest freestanding structure on land from 1975 until the Burj Dubai surpassed it in 2007, rising 553.33 m (1,815 ft). It is currently the world's tallest completed freestanding structure on land.

The tallest man-made structure is the Burj Dubai, a skyscaper still under construction in Dubai, that has reached 629 m (2,064 ft) in height as of April 7, 2008. But, the issue is made more complicated if all man-made structures are considered. Under that criterion it is possible to claim 'tallest structure' records for deep mine-shafts, or the Mohole drilling rig, which can be several miles (8-10 km) in vertical length. The Warsaw radio mast, built in 1974, was the tallest structure ever built at 646. ... Download high resolution version (566x750, 55 KB)Photo by User:Hephaestos August 19, 2003 GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (566x750, 55 KB)Photo by User:Hephaestos August 19, 2003 GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting mast in Traill County, North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (533x800, 328 KB) Summary Setting the free standing, land record for the worlds tallest structure, measuring 553. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (533x800, 328 KB) Summary Setting the free standing, land record for the worlds tallest structure, measuring 553. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... CUSS I CUSS I Underseas beacons for positioning by sonar. ...


The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, standing at 553.3 m (1,815 ft), was the world's tallest freestanding structure on land from 1976 until September 12, 2007, when it was overtaken in height by the rising Burj Dubai.[1] The tower has the world's highest public observation deck at 446.5 m (1,465 ft). It remains the world's tallest completed freestanding structure. This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


The Petronius Platform stands 610 m (2,001 ft), leading some[attribution needed] to claim it as the tallest freestanding structure in the ocean. However, as this oil and natural gas platform is partially supported by wires, critics[attribution needed] argue that it is not freestanding, and the below-water height should not be counted, in the same manner as underground 'height' is not taken into account in buildings. The Petronius Platform is a deepwater oil platform operated by ChevronTexaco and Marathon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico, 210 km Southeast of New Orleans. ... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


The Troll A platform is 472 m (1,549 ft), without any part of that height being supported by wires. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Troll oil field. ...


Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan is currently the world's tallest inhabited building in three of the four main categories that are commonly measured: at 509.2 m (1,671 ft) as measured to its architectural height (spire) as well as roof height 449.2 m (1,474 ft) and highest occupied floor 439.2 m (1,441 ft). The Sears Tower is highest in the last category: the greatest height to top of antenna of any building in the world at 527.3 m (1,730 ft). Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... This article is about the city. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ...


The Burj Dubai, currently under construction, is already the tallest freestanding structure on land. As of 7 April 2008, the tower's developers reported its height to be 629 m (2,064 ft) with 160 completed floors,[2]. On its completion, projected for 2009, it will break the height record in all four categories for completed buildings by a wide margin. While the final height has not been released to the public, Greg Sang, the construction manager, says that the building will rise to a minimum of 700 m (2,297 ft).[3] The developer, Emaar, is keeping structural details secret due to competition for the "world's tallest" with other proposed structures, including the nearby Al Burj.[4] The CN Tower will retain its record of the world's highest observation deck as Burj Dubai's deck will be at 442 m (1,450 ft).[5] The 'Symbol of Dubai' will have more than 160 floors, 56 elevators, apartments, shops, swimming pools, spas and corporate suites. Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Emaar Properties ( Arabic: إعمار العقارية) , is a Company based in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Al Burj is a supertall skyscraper proposed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates by developer Al Nakheel. ...


Tallest structure by category

Due to the disagreements over how to measure and classify structures, engineers have created various definitions for categories of buildings and other structures. One measure includes the absolute height of a building, another includes only spires and other permanent architectural features, but not antennas. The tradition of including the spire on top of a building and not including the antenna dates back to the rivalry between the Chrysler Building and 40 Wall Street. A modern-day example is that the antenna on top of the Sears tower are not considered part of its architectural height, while the spires on top of the Petronas towers are counted. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Category Structure Country City Height (m) Height (ft)
Skyscraper (under construction) - all categories Burj Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai 629 2,064[2]
Guyed Mast KVLY-TV mast  United States Blanchard, N.D. 628.8 2,063
Concrete Tower CN Tower  Canada Toronto, Ontario 553.3 1,815
Television and radio tower Ostankino Tower  Russia Moscow 540.0 1,772
Skyscraper - to top of antenna Sears Tower  United States Chicago 527.3 1,730
Skyscraper - to top of spire Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipei 509.2 1,671
Skyscraper - to top of roof Shanghai World Financial Center  People's Republic of China Shanghai 492 1,614
Tower for scientific research BREN-Tower  United States Nevada Test Site 462 1,516
Mast radiator, insulated against ground VLF transmitter Lualualei  United States Lualualei, Hawaii 458.11 1,503
Twin Towers Petronas Twin Towers  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 452 1,482
Chimney GRES-2 Power Station  Kazakhstan Ekibastusz 419.7 1,377
Lattice tower Kiev TV Tower  Ukraine Kiev 385 1,263
Guyed tubular steel mast Belmont transmitting station  United Kingdom Donington on Bain 385 1,263
Partially guyed tower Gerbrandy Tower  Netherlands IJsselstein 366.8 1,203
Electricity pylon Yangtze River Crossing, Jiangyin  People's Republic of China Jiangyin 346.5 1,137
Bridge pillar Millau Viaduct  France Millau 342 1,122
Iron Tower Eiffel Tower  France Paris 324 1,063
Five-sided building JPMorgan Chase Tower  United States Houston 305 1,002
Dam Nurek Dam  Tajikistan Nurek 300 984[6]
Concrete dam Grande Dixence Dam  Switzerland Val d'Hérens 285 935
Electricity pylon built of concrete Yangtze River Crossing, Nanjing  People's Republic of China Nanjing 257 843
Electricity pylon of HVDC-powerline Yangtze River Crossing, Wuhu  People's Republic of China Wuhu 229 751
Minaret Hassan II Mosque  Morocco Casablanca 210 689
Wind turbine Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laasow  Germany Laasow, Brandenburg 205 673
Cooling Tower Niederaussem Power Station  Germany Niederaussem 200 656
Monument Gateway Arch  United States St. Louis, Missouri 192 630
90° twisted building Turning Torso  Sweden Malmö 190 623
Inclined structure,
Stadium
Le Stade Olympique  Canada Montreal, Quebec 175 574
Masonry tower San Jacinto Monument  United States La Porte, Texas 174 570
Church Building Chicago Temple Building  United States Chicago 173 568
Obelisk Washington Monument  United States Washington, D.C. 169.3 555.5
Masonry building Mole Antonelliana  Italy Torino 167 548
Philadelphia City Hall  United States Philadelphia 167 548
Ferris wheel Singapore Flyer  Singapore Singapore 165 541.3
Church tower Ulm Cathedral  Germany Ulm 161 528
Industrial hall Vehicle Assembly Building  United States Kennedy Space Center 160 525
Memorial cross Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos  Spain El Escorial 152.4 500
Tomb Great Pyramid of Giza  Egypt Giza, Cairo 138.8
originally 146.6
455.2
480.9
Air traffic control tower Suvarnabhumi Airport control tower  Thailand Bangkok, Thailand 132.2 433.7
Roller coaster Kingda Ka  United States Jackson, New Jersey 138.98 456
Flagpole, free-standing Aqaba Flagpole  Jordan Aqaba 132 430
Equilateral Pentagon Baltimore World Trade Center  United States Baltimore 123.5 405
Statue (including pedestal) Ushiku Daibutsu Bronze Buddha Statue  Japan Ushiku 120 416
Storage silo Henninger Turm  Germany Frankfurt 120 394
Sculpture Spire of Dublin  Ireland Dublin 120 393
Light advertisement Bayer Cross Leverkusen  Germany Leverkusen 118 387
Wooden structure Gliwice Radio Tower  Poland Gliwice 118 387
Aerial tramway support tower Pillar of third section of Gletscherbahn Kaprun  Austria Kaprun 113.6 373
Lighthouse Yokohama Marine Tower  Japan Yokohama 106 324
Clock Tower Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower  United Kingdom Birmingham 100 328
Pre-modern Chinese pagoda Liaodi Pagoda  People's Republic of China Ding County, Hebei 84 275
Lantern Tower Boston Stump  United Kingdom Boston, Lincolnshire 83.05 272
Statue (not including pedestal) Mamayev Kurgan  Russia Volgograd 82 269
Brick lighthouse Leterna di Genoa  Italy Genoa 77 253
Brick minaret Qutub Minar  India Delhi 72.5 237.8
Electricity Pylon (concrete, prefabricated) Pylon 310 of powerline Innertkirchen-Littau-Mettlen  Switzerland Littau 59.5 195
Monolithic obelisk Tuthmosis II Obelisk  Italy San Giovanni in Laterano 36 118.1

The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Masts of the Rugby VLF transmitter in England Radio masts and towers are, typically, tall structures designed to support antennas (also known as aerials in the UK) for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting mast in Traill County, North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Blanchard is a small community in Traill County in the U.S. state of North Dakota named for the township it is in. ... This article is about the construction material. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... BREN Tower BREN Tower is a guyed steel framework mast, 465 meters (1,527 feet) high, on the Nevada Test Site in Nevada, USA. BREN stands for Bare Reactor Experiment, Nevada. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ... A typical mast radiator Base feed: mast is fed from Aerial Tuning Unit on right via conductor to top of brown ceramic insulator. ... VLF transmitter Lualualei is a facility of the United States Navy near Lualualei, Hawaii at 21°2522 N and 158°0901 W for transmitting orders to submerged submarines in the very low frequency (VLF) range. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Lualualei, Hawaii is the largest coastal valley on the leeward side of Oahu in Hawaii. ... Look up Twin Towers in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Look up Chimney in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... GRES-2 Power Plant in Ekibastus, Kazakhstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Ekibastuz is a town in Kazakhstan. ... The Eiffel Tower is a famous example of a lattice tower A lattice tower is a freestanding steel framework tower. ... Up close view of the Kiev TV Tower. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... The Belmont transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility, situated next to the B1225, one mile west of the village of Donington on Bain, near Market Rasen and Louth in Lincolnshire, England (grid reference TF217837). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Donington on Bain is a village in the county of Lincolnshire, England within East Lindsey district. ... Gerbrandy tower, IJsselstein, NL The tower at Christmas The Gerbrandy Tower (Dutch: ) is a tower which was built in 1961 in the Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... IJsselstein is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Pylon redirects here. ... The Yangtze River Crossing may refer to one of three overhead power lines crossing the Yangtze River, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Jiangyin (Simplified Chinese: 江阴; Traditional Chinese: 江陰; pinyin: JiāngyÄ«n; Wade-Giles: Kiangyin) is a city in Chinas Jiangsu province on the Yangtze River. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... For the type of foundation, see Deep foundation. ... The Millau Viaduct (French: ) is a large cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Millau is a town and commune of southern France. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Houston redirects here. ... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... The Nurek (Norak) Dam is a large earthfill dam located at 38. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Map of Lac des Dix The Grande Dixence dam, at the head of the Val dHérens in the canton of Valais in Switzerland, is at 285 metres high one of the worlds tallest dams. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Val dHérens is a mountain valley in the Valais canton of Switzerland. ... Pylon redirects here. ... The Yangtze River Crossing may refer to one of three overhead power lines crossing the Yangtze River, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Pylon redirects here. ... HVDC or high-voltage, direct current electric power transmission systems contrast with the more common alternating-current systems as a means for the bulk transmission of electrical power. ... The Yangtze River Crossing may refer to one of three overhead power lines crossing the Yangtze River, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The business district of Wuhu seen at night from across the Mirror Lake. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hassan II Mosque Hassan II Mosque Interior From the inside The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic مسجد الحسن الثاني, French Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque located in Casablanca, Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... This article is about the machine for converting the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical energy. ... Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laasow is a wind turbine, built in 2006 at Laasow in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For the similarly spelled Brandenberg, see Brandenberg (Austria) or Brandenburg (disambiguation) Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE4 Capital Potsdam Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD) Governing parties SPD / CDU Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69) Basic statistics Area  29,479 km² (11,382... Image 1: Natural draft wet cooling hyperboloid towers at Didcot Power Station, UK Image 2: A mechanical induced draft cooling tower In rare cases, a plants cooling towers have even been painted to improve public perception as with the Cruas Nuclear Power Plant. ... Niederaussem Power Station is of the RWE power with brown coal operated baseload power station in the RWE company in Bergheim Niederaussem/Rhein Erft circle. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Niederaussem is a city part of Bergheim, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... For other uses, see Monument (disambiguation). ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... HSB Turning Torso is a skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden on the Swedish side of the Oresund strait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Tower of the Stade Olympique in Montreal. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... The San Jacinto Monument is a 171 meter ( 561 feet ) high column topped with a 220 ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... La Porte is a city in Harris County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown Metropolitan Area. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... Chicago Temple Building The Chicago Temple Building is a 173 metre (568 foot) tall skyscraper church located in Chicago, Illinois, United States. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ... This article is about the monument in Washington, D.C. For other monuments dedicated to George Washington, see Washington Monuments (world). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... The Mole on the 2 cent Italian euro coin The Mole Antonelliana is a major landmark of the Italian city Turin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Torino or Turin is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... A Ferris wheel on the boardwalk in Ocean City, New Jersey, USA. A Ferris wheel (or, more commonly in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [UK], big wheel) is a nonbuilding structure consisting of an upright wheel with passenger gondolas suspended from the rim. ... The Singapore Flyer (Chinese: 新加坡摩天观景轮) is an observation wheel to be built in Singapore by 2008. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... A steeple, in architecture, is a tall tower on a building, often topped by a spire. ... Ulm Münster is a Lutheran church and the tallest church in the world with its steeple measuring 161. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Ulm (disambiguation). ... The Vehicle (originally Vertical) Assembly Building, or VAB, is a very large building located at in NASAs Kennedy Space Center, halfway between Jacksonville and Miami, and due east of Orlando on Merritt Island, on the Atlantic coast of Florida. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ... An intending cross is a cross, which was built as memorial to remember at a special event. ... Valle de los Caidos, rear view of the Cross and the monastery The Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caidos (Holy Cross of the Valley of the Fallen) constitutes the most colossal architecture work built in Europe in the 20th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Gizeh is also a popular brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte (rolling papers). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ... Kingda Ka is a roller coaster located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson Township, New Jersey, USA. At its opening on May 21, 2005 it became the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world, claiming the title from Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 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Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... The Ushiku Daibutsu ), located at in Ushiku, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, is the worlds tallest freestanding bronze statue. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Ushiku (牛久市; -shi) is a city located in Ibaraki, Japan. ... Bold text This article is about Storage Silos. ... The Henninger Turm Skyline of Frankfurt with the Henninger Turm The Henninger Turm (tower) is a grain storage silo with a storage capacity of 16,000 tons of barley. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...   (German: , English: American English: ) is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a mid-2007 population of 663,567. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Looking south along OConnell Street at night: the Spires tip is illuminated. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Bayer Cross Leverkusen is the name of the largest light advertisement in the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The Gliwice Radio Tower is the transmission tower of the Gliwice, Poland, radio station, situated at 50°1848. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Gliwice (pronounce: [gliviʦε]; German: ), is an industrial city in southern Poland with 200,361 inhabitants (2004) over the KÅ‚odnica River, about 20 km to the west from Katowice. ... An Aerial tramway in Italy. ... The Glacial Aerial Tramway Kaprun III (Gletscherbahn Kaprun III) is the third section of the aerial tramway on the Kitzsteinhorn mountain at Kaprun, Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Overall view of Kaprun One of the reservoirs of the Kaprun Kraftwerk (power project) Kaprun is a small alpine town in the Pinzgau district of Land Salzburg in Austria. ... Eddystone Lighthouse, one of the first wavewashed lighthouses For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... Yokohama Marine Tower in 2005-11 as seen from Yamashita Park Marine Tower Yokohama is a 106 metre high (324 feet) lattice tower with an observation deck at a height of 100 metres in Yokohama, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Clocktower at Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) clock faces. ... Old Joe, the University Clock Tower The Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower (grid reference SP048835) is a 100 metres (328 ft) tall clock tower in the centre of Chancellors Court at the University of Birmingham, England and was built to commemorate Joseph Chamberlain, the first Chancellor of the University. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... The Chinese Pagoda is a landmark in Birmingham. ... The Liaodi Pagoda, completed in 1055 during the Song Dynasty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... UK is dedicated to Saint Botolph, the name Boston possibly being a corruption of Botolphs Town. The Cotton Chapel, named after him, was at one time used as a school, but was restored in 1857. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, UK, on the east coast of England. ... The 52-meter-tall monument The Motherland Calls! — the tallest statue in the world when erected in 1967 Mamayev Kurgan (Russian: Мамаев Курган) is a dominant height overlooking the city of Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) in southern Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... Eddystone Lighthouse, one of the first wavewashed lighthouses For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... At 72. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Littau is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. ... nomen or birth name Akheperenre Thutmose II ( ? -1479 BC; sometimes spelled Thutmosis) was the fourth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Late Baroque façade of the Basilica, completed, after a competition for the design, by Alessandro Galilei in 1735 St. ...

Tallest destroyed structures by category, not surpassed by existing structures

There are some destroyed architectural structures which were taller than the tallest existing structure of their type.

Category Structure Country City Height (m) Height (ft) Remarks
Guyed mast Warsaw Radio Mast  Poland Gąbin 646.38 2,121 completed in 1974, collapsed on August 8, 1991
Mast radiator, insulated against ground Warsaw Radio Mast  Poland Gąbin 646.38 2,121 completed in 1974, collapsed on August 8, 1991
Guyed tubular steel mast Shushi-Wan Omega Transmitter  Japan Shushi-Wan 389 1,276 completed in 1973, dismantled in 1998
Wooden structure Mühlacker Wood Radio Tower  Germany Mühlacker 190 623 completed in 1934, destroyed on April 6, 1945 by Germans to prevent usage by the Allies of World War II.
Masonry building Mole Antonelliana  Italy Torino 167.5 549.5 spire destroyed by a tornado in 1953.
Pre-Industrial Era building Lincoln Cathedral  United Kingdom Lincoln 160 524 completed in 1311, spire blown off in 1549

The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Gąbin is a town in Masovia, Poland with 4,300 inhabitants. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... A typical mast radiator Base feed: mast is fed from Aerial Tuning Unit on right via conductor to top of brown ceramic insulator. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Gąbin is a town in Masovia, Poland with 4,300 inhabitants. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Omega is the name for the first truly global radionavigation system for aircraft operated by the United States of America in cooperation with six partner nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The Broadcasting transmission facility Muehlacker is a radio transmission facility near Mühlacker, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mühlacker Mühlacker is a town with ca. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... The Mole on the 2 cent Italian euro coin The Mole Antonelliana is a major landmark of the Italian city Turin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Torino or Turin is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... A steeple, in architecture, is a tall tower on a building, often topped by a spire. ... Lincoln Cathedral (in full The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln, or sometimes St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Lincoln (pronounced //) is a cathedral city and county town of Lincolnshire, England. ...

Tallest building by function

Category Structure Country City Architectural top
m ft
Mixed Use* Burj Dubai**  United Arab Emirates Dubai 629 (of est. 818) 2,064 (of est. 2,684)
Office Taipei 101 Taiwan Taipei 509 1,671
Mixed Use* (completed only) John Hancock Center  United States Chicago 344 1,127
Residential Q1  Australia Gold Coast, Queensland 322.5 1,059
Hotel Rose Tower***  United Arab Emirates Dubai 333 1,093
Hotel (in use only) Burj Al Arab  United Arab Emirates Dubai 321 1,053
Educational Moscow State University  Russia Moscow 240 787
Hospital Guy's Hospital  United Kingdom London, England 143 468
Library W. E. B. DuBois Library  United States Amherst, Massachusetts 116 381

* Mixed Use is defined as having both residential and office space. The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Q1 (meaning Queensland Number One) is a skyscraper located in Surfers Paradise, the tourism hub in Gold Coast, Australia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Gold Coast redirects here. ... The Rose Tower is a 333 metre, 72 story tower currently under construction on Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai, UAE. This skyscraper, whose construction began in 2004, was to be 380 m high, but its projected height was reduced in further design modification. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени Ðœ.Ð’.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Guys Hospital for Incurables. An illustration from John Stows Survey of London (1755). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The W.E.B. Du Bois Library, located at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst is the tallest library in the world, and is home of the memoirs and papers of the distinguished African-American activist W.E.B. DuBois as well as being the depository for other important collections, such... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Hampshire County Settled 1703 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  27. ...


** As Burj Dubai is still under construction and not yet inhabitable, it currently does not serve a specific function. Upon completion, it will serve as a mixed use building.


*** Although the Rose Tower is complete, it is not currently inhabited. Once the building's hotel opens in April 2008, the tower will become the world's tallest building used exclusively as a hotel.


Tallest buildings

Comparison of top skyscrapers with measurements to top of antenna along to the oldest modern one, the Eiffel Tower from 1889
Current skyscrapers compared with notable under construction skyscrapers

Up until 1998 the tallest building status was essentially uncontested. Counting buildings as structures with floors throughout, and with antenna masts excluded, the Sears Tower in Chicago was considered the tallest. When the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were built, controversy arose because the spire extended nine meters higher than the roof of the Sears Tower. Excluding the spire, the Petronas Towers are not taller than the Sears Tower. At their convention in Chicago, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) reduced the Sears Tower from world's tallest and pronounced it not second tallest, but third, and pronounced Petronas as world's tallest. This action caused a considerable amount of controversy, so CTBUH defined four categories in which the world's tallest building can be measured: Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...

  1. Height to the structural or architectural top (including spires and pinnacles, but not antennas, masts or flagpoles)
  2. Height to the highest occupied floor
  3. Height to the top of the roof
  4. Height to the top of antenna

The height is measured from the pavement level of the main entrance. At the time, the Sears Tower held first place in the second and third categories. Petronas held the first category, and the original World Trade Towers held the fourth. Within months, however, a new antenna mast was placed on the Sears Tower, giving it hold of the fourth category. On April 20, 2004, the Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, was completed. Its completion gave it the world record for the first three categories. On July 21, 2007 it was announced that the Burj Dubai had surpassed Taipei 101 in height, reaching 512 m (1,680 feet) tall. However Burj Dubai is still under construction. A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... This article is about the city. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Today, Taipei 101 leads in the first category with 509 m (1,671 feet); in the second category with an occupied floor at 439 m (1,441 feet); and in the third category with 449 m (1,474 feet). The first category was formerly held by the Petronas Twin Towers with 452 m (1,483 feet), and before that by Sears Tower with 442 m (1,451 feet). The second and third categories were held by the Sears Tower, with 412 m (1,351 feet) and 442 m (1,451 feet) respectively. Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ...


The Sears Tower still leads in the fourth category with 527 m (1,729 feet), previously held by the World Trade Center until the extension of the Chicago tower's western broadcast antenna in 2000, over a year prior to the Trade Center's destruction in 2001. Its antenna mast included, 1 World Trade Center measured 526 m (1,727 feet). The World Trade Center became the world's tallest buildings to be destroyed or demolished; indeed, its site entered the record books twice on September 11, 2001, in that category, replacing the Singer Building, which once stood a block from the WTC site.[citation needed] For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Singer Building at Liberty Street and Broadway in Manhattan, New York was an office building completed in 1908 as the headquarters of the Singer Manufacturing Company. ...


The Ostankino Tower and the CN Tower are excluded from these categories because they are not "habitable buildings", which are defined as frame structures made with floors and walls throughout. Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ...


History of record holders in each CTBUH category

Date (Event) Architectural top Highest occupied floor Rooftop Antenna
2003: Taipei 101 completed Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Sears Tower
2000: Sears Tower antenna extension Petronas Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower
1998: Petronas Towers completed Petronas Towers Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center
1996: CTBUH defines categories Sears Tower Sears Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center

Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Táiběi Yīlíngyī; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ...

World's tallest freestanding structure on land

Freestanding structures include observation towers, monuments and other structures not generally considered to be "Habitable buildings", but excludes supported structures such as guyed masts and ocean drilling platforms. (See also history of tallest skyscrapers.) Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ...


The world's tallest freestanding structure on land is defined as the tallest self-supporting man-made structure that stands above ground. This definition is different from that of world's tallest building or world's tallest structure based on the percent of the structure that is occupied and whether or not it is self-supporting or supported by exterior cables. Likewise, this definition does not count structures that are built underground or on the seabed, such as the Petronius Platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Visit world's tallest structure by category for a list of various other definitions. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ... The seabed (also sea floor, seafloor, or ocean floor) is the bottom of the ocean. ... The Petronius Platform is a deepwater oil platform operated by ChevronTexaco and Marathon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico, 210 km Southeast of New Orleans. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... The Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is currently the worlds tallest man-made stucture. ...


As of 7 April 2008, the tallest freestanding structure on land is the still under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The building, which now stands at 629 meters (2,064 ft), surpassed the height of the previous record holder, the 553.33 meter (1,815 ft) CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, on September 12, 2007. It is scheduled to be completed in 2009, and is planned to rise to a height of over 818 meters (2,683 ft). Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


History

The following is a list of structures that have held the title as the tallest freestanding structure on land. (See also Timeline of three tallest structures in the world until Empire State Building).

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
c. 2600 BC c. 2570 BC Red Pyramid of Sneferu, Egypt c. 2600 BC 105 345  
c. 2570 BC c. AD 1300 Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt c. 2570 BC 146 481 By AD 1439, the Great Pyramid had eroded to a height of approximately 139 m (455 ft).
c. 1300 1549 Lincoln Cathedral, England 1092–1311 160 525 The central spire was destroyed in a storm in 1549. While the reputed height of 525 ft is doubted by A.F. Kendrick,[7] other sources agree on this height.
1549 1625 St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn, Estonia 1438–1519 159 522 The spire burnt down after a lightning strike in 1625 and was rebuilt several times. The current height is 123 m.
1625 1647 St. Mary's Church, Stralsund, Germany 1384–1478 151 495 The spire burnt down after a lightning strike in 1647. The current height is 104 m.
1647 1874 Strasbourg Cathedral, France 1439 142 469
1874 1876 St. Nikolai, Hamburg, Germany 1846–1874 147 483
1876 1880 Cathédrale Notre Dame, Rouen, France 1202–1876 151 495  
1880 1884 Cologne Cathedral, Germany 1248–1880 157 515
1884 1889 Washington Monument, United States 1884 169 555  
1889 1930 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 300 986 The addition of a telecommunications tower in the 1950s brought the overall height to 324 m.
1930 1931 Chrysler Building, New York, United States 1928–1930 319 1,046
1931 1967 Empire State Building, New York, United States 1930–1931 381 1,250  
1967 1975 Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia 1963–1967 537 1,762 Remains the tallest in Europe
1975 2007 CN Tower, Toronto, Canada 1973–1976 553 1,815 The CN Tower lost its title in 2007 to the Burj Dubai.
2007 present Burj Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2004–2008 629* 2,064* The Burj Dubai surpassed the height of CN Tower in September 2007. Though still officially under construction, it is estimated to rise higher than 800 meters (2,625 ft) when completed in 2009.
Diagram of the Principal High Buildings of the Old World, 1884.

Notable mentions include the Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandria, built in the third century BC, and estimated between 115 to 135 meters (383–440 ft). It was the world's tallest non-pyramidal building for many centuries. Another notable mention includes the Jetavanaramaya stupa in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, which was built in the third century, and was similarly tall at 122 meters (400 ft). These were both the world's tallest or second tallest non-pyramidal buildings for over a thousand years. (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sneferu He of Beauty[1] Horus name Neb-maat[2] Nebty name Neb-maat-nebty[2] Golden Horus Bik-nub[2] Consort(s) Hetepheres I Issues Khufu Father Huni Mother Meresankh I Died 2589 BC Major Monuments Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Lincoln Cathedral (in full The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln, or sometimes St. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... St. ... County Area 159. ... Stralsund is a city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... West façade of the cathedral The Cathédrale Notre-Dame (English Our Ladys Cathedral) in Strasbourg, France belongs to the grand history of European cathedrals architectural design. ... The former main church pc. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Rouen Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen) is a Gothic cathedral in Rouen, in northwestern France. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... The Cologne Cathedral (German: , officially ) is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne, under the administration of the Roman Catholic Church and is renowned as a monument of Christianity, of Gothic architecture and of the faith and perseverance of the people of the city in which it stands. ... This article is about the monument in Washington, D.C. For other monuments dedicated to George Washington, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... This article is about the state. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... This article is about the state. ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,859 × 1,391 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,859 × 1,391 pixels, file size: 1. ... Graphic reconstruction of the lighthouse according to a comprehensive study of 2006. ... // Jetavanaramaya Jetavanaramaya Jetavanaramaya The Stupa King Mahasen (273-301 AD) has the honour of being the creater of the largest stupa in Sri Lanka. ... The Great Stupa at Sanchi. ... Anuradhapura, ( in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ...


The tallest secular building between the collapse of the Pharos and the erection of the Washington Monument may have been the Torre del Mangia in Siena, which is 102 m tall, and was constructed in the first half of the fourteenth century, and the 97 m tall Torre degli Asinelli in Bologna, also Italy, built between 1109 and 1119. Graphic reconstruction of the lighthouse according to a comprehensive study of 2006. ... This article is about the monument in Washington, D.C. For other monuments dedicated to George Washington, see Washington Monuments (world). ... Torre del Mangia towering above of the Palazzo Pubblico The Torre del Mangia was built in 1334 and is located in Siena in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... The Two Towers. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ...


* This is the current height of Burj Dubai, as of 7 April 2008. When completed, it is expected to rise over 800 m (2,625 ft)


World's highest observation deck

Main article: Observation deck

Timeline of development of world's highest observation deck since inauguration of Eiffel Tower. In architecture, a deck is a constructed flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor but typically constructed outdoors and usually (though not always) connected to a building. ... In architecture, a deck is a constructed flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor but typically constructed outdoors and usually (though not always) connected to a building. ...

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height of highest observation deck (m) Height of highest observation deck (ft) Notes
From To
 1889  1931 Eiffel Tower, Paris, France  1889 275 902 Two further observation decks 57 and 115 metres above ground.
 1931  1973 Empire State Building, New York City, USA  1931 369[8] 1211 A second observation deck is located on the 86th floor at 320 metres above ground.
 1973  1976 World Trade Center, New York City, USA  1973 420 1378 Destroyed during the September 11, 2001 attacks
 1976  present CN Tower, Toronto, Canada  1976 446.5 1398 Two further observation decks 342 and 346 metres above ground.

Higher observation decks have existed on mountain peaks or cliffs, rather than on tall structures. For example, the Royal Gorge Bridge in Cañon City, Colorado, USA, was constructed in 1929 spanning the Royal Gorge at a height of 321 m (1095 ft.) above the Arkansas River. The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... “Precipice” redirects here. ... Royal Gorge in 1987 The Royal Gorge Bridge is a tourist attraction near Cañon City, Colorado, within a 360 acre (1. ... “Canon City” redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Royal Gorge (also Grand Canyon of the Arkansas) is a canyon on the Arkansas River near Cañon City, Colorado. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Arkansas River flows through Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. ...


The currently under-construction 492 m high Shanghai World Financial Center will have three observation decks including one on the 100th floor, possibly surpassing the CN Tower's.[9] The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ...


Timeline of guyed structures on land

As most of the tallest structures are guyed masts and the absolute height record of architectural structures on land is since 1954 kept by them, here is a timeline of world's tallest guyed masts, since the beginning of radio technology.


As many large guyed masts were destroyed at the end of World War II, the dates for the years between 1945 and 1950 may be incorrect. If Wusung Radio Tower survived World War II, it was the tallest guyed structure shortly after World War II.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height (m) Height (ft) Notes
From To
 1913  1920 Central mast of Eilvese transmitter, Eilvese, Germany  1913 250 820 Mast was divided in 145 meters by an insulator, demolished in 1931
 1920  1923 Central masts of Nauen Transmitter Station, Nauen, Germany  1920 260 853 2 masts, demolished in 1946
 1923  1933 Masts of Ruiselede transmitter, Ruiselede, Belgium  1923 287 942 8 masts, destroyed in 1940
 1933  1939 Lakihegy Tower, Lakihegy, Hungary  1933 314 1,031 Blaw-Knox Tower, insulated against ground, destroyed in 1945, afterwards rebuilt
 1939  1945 Deutschlandsender Herzberg/Elster, Herzberg (Elster), Germany  1939 335 1,099 Insulated against ground, dismantled in 1945
 1945  1946 Blaw-Knox Tower Liblice, Liblice, Czech Republic  1936 280.4 920 Demolished on October 17th, 1972 by explosives. Replaced in 1976 by 2 355 masts.
 1946  1948 Lakihegy Tower, Lakihegy, Hungary  1946 314 1,031 Blaw-Knox Tower, Insulated against ground, rebuilt after destruction in 1945
 1948  1949 WIVB-TV Tower, Colden, New York, USA  1948 321.9 1,056
 1949  1950 Longwave transmitter Raszyn, Raszyn, Poland  1949 335 1,099 Insulated against ground
 1950  1954 Forestport Tower, Forestport, New York, USA  1950 371.25 1,218 Insulated against ground
 1954  1959 Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA  1954 480.5 1,576  
 1956  1959 KOBR-TV Tower, Caprock, New Mexico, USA  1956 490.7 1,610 Collapsed in 1960
 1959  1960 WGME TV Tower, Raymond, Maine, USA  1959 495 1,624
 1960  1962 KFVS TV Mast, Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, USA  1960 511.1 1,677
 1962  1963 WTVM/WRBL-TV & WVRK-FM Tower, Cusseta, Georgia, USA  1962 533 1,749 Located in Cusseta, Georgia
 1963  1963 WIMZ-FM-Tower, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA  1963 534.01 1,752
 1963  1974 KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, USA  1963 628.8 2,063
 1974  1991 Warsaw Radio Mast, Gąbin, Poland  1974 646.4 2,121 Mast radiator insulated against ground, collapsed in 1991
 1991   KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, USA  1963 628.8 2,063

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Nauen Transmitter Station (German: Grossfunkstelle Nauen or Sender Nauen) in Nauen, Havelland (Kreis), Brandenburg, Germany, is the oldest transmitting plant in the world. ... Nauen is a German town west of Berlin. ... The Zendmasts of Ruiselede were 8 287 metre high guyed radio masts at Ruiselede, Belgium built in 1923 for carrying an aerial for VLF-transmission (nominal frequency 16. ... Geography Country Belgium Region Flemish Region Community Flemish Community Province West Flanders Arrondissement Tielt Coordinates , , Area 30. ... The Lakihegy Tower is a 314 metre (1,031 ft. ... The Deutschlandsender Herzberg/Elster was a 500 kilowatt long-wave transmitter at Herzberg/Elster, which was in service from 1939 to 1945. ... Herzberg in 1899 Herzberg (Elster) is a district of the German federal state of Brandenburg. ... Masts of RKS Liblice 2 from far away Masts of RKS Liblice 2 from not so far away Lower part ot the mast RKS Liblice 2 is a high-power broadcasting facility for medium wave located in the Czech Republic about 33 km east of Prague near Liblice at . RKS... Liblice is a village in Okres MÄ›lník in Czech with 460 inhabitants. ... The Lakihegy Tower is a 314 metre (1,031 ft. ... The WIVB-TV Tower is a 321. ... Position within Erie County. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The longwave transmitter Raszyn is a longwave broadcasting transmitter near Raszyn, Poland. ... Raszyn is a village in Poland. ... Forestport Tower was a guyed tower used for VLF and LF-transmission near Forestport, New York. ... Forestport is a town located in Oneida County, New York. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Griffin Television Tower Oklahoma (also known as KWTV Mast) is a 480. ... Nickname: Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... KOBR-TV Tower (also called KSWS-TV Tower) is a 490. ... Caprock is a town in New Mexico, a state of the United States of America. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... WGME-TV is the CBS-affiliated television station for Southern Maine and Northern New Hampshire. ... Raymond is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... KFVS TV Mast (also Raycom America Tower Cape Girardeau) is a guyed mast that is 1677 foot (511. ... Cape Girardeau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... WTVM/WRBL-TV & WVRK-FM Tower, also known as WTVM TV Mast, is a 533 metres tall guyed mast used for TV-broadcasting of WTVM/WRBL and FM-broadcasting of WVRK near Cusseta, Georgia, USA at 32°19′26. ... Cusseta is a city located in Chattahoochee County, Georgia. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The WIMZ FM-Tower (also called WBIR TV-mast) is a 534. ... Knoxville redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting mast in Traill County, North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Blanchard is a small community in Traill County in the U.S. state of North Dakota named for the township it is in. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... GÄ…bin is a town in Masovia, Poland with 4,300 inhabitants. ...

Tallest structures, freestanding structures, and buildings

See also: List of tallest buildings in the world, List of tallest structures in the world, Timeline of three tallest structures in the world Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... The Warsaw radio mast, built in 1974, was the tallest structure ever built at 646. ...


The list categories are:

  • The structures (supported) list uses pinnacle height and includes architectural structures of any type that might use some external support constructions like cables and are fully built in air. Only the three tallest are listed, as more than fifty US TV masts have stated heights of 600-610m (1969-2000 ft).
  • The structures (media supported) list uses pinnacle height and includes architectural structures of any type that are not totally built in the air but are using support from other, denser media like salt water. All structures greater than 500 m (1,640 ft) are listed.
  • The freestanding structures list uses pinnacle height and includes structures over 400 m (1,312 ft) that do not use guy-wires or other external supports. This means truely free standing on its own or, in similar sense, non-supported structures.
  • The building list uses architectural height (excluding antennas) and includes only buildings, defined as consisting of habitable floors. Both of these follow CTBUH guidelines. All supertall buildings (300 m and higher) are listed.

Notes: Warsaw radio mast Masts are among the tallest man-made structures. ... KVLY-TV mast, which is guy-wire supported. ... The Council on Tall buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was founded at Lehigh University in 1969. ...

  • Seven buildings appear on the freestanding structures category list with different heights than of an other catgeory. This is due to the different measurement specifications of those lists.
  • Only current heights and where reasonable target heights are listed. Historical heights of structures that e.g. did collapse are excluded.
Rank Name and location Year
completed
Architectural top[10] Floors
Structures (supported)
1 KVLY-TV mast, Blanchard, North Dakota, United States 1963 629 m (2,064 ft)
2 KXJB-TV mast, Galesburg, North Dakota, United States 1998 628 m (2,060 ft)
3 KXTV/KOVR Tower, Walnut Grove, California, United States 2000 625 m (2,051 ft)
Structures (media supported)
1 Petronius Platform, Gulf of Mexico 2000 610 m (2,001 ft)
2 Baldpate Platform, Gulf of Mexico 1998 580 m (1,902.9 ft)
3 Bullwinkle Platform, Gulf of Mexico 1989 529 m (1,736 ft)
Freestanding structures
1 Burj Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (under construction) 2009 629.0 m (2,064 ft)
818 m (2,684 ft) (predicted)
162 (predicted)
2 CN Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1976 553 m (1,814 ft)
3 Ostankino Tower, Moscow, Russia 1967 540 m (1,772 ft)
4 Sears Tower, Chicago, United States 1974 527 m (1,729 ft) 110
5 Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan 2003 509 m (1,670 ft) 101
6 Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China (under construction) 2008 492 m (1,614 ft) 101
7 Oriental Pearl Tower, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1996 468 m (1,535 ft)
8 John Hancock Center, Chicago, United States 1969 457 m (1,500 ft) 100
9 Petronas Tower I, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 m (1,483 ft) 88
9 Petronas Tower II, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 m (1,483 ft) 88
11 Empire State Building, New York City, United States 1936 449 (1,472 ft) 102
12 Milad Tower, Tehran, Iran 2007 435 m (1,427 ft)
13 Kuala Lumpur Tower, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1995 421 m (1,381 ft)
14 Jin Mao Building, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1998 421 m (1,381 ft) 88
15 Chimney of GRES-2 Power Station, Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan 1987 420 m (1,378 ft)
16 Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 2003 415 m (1,362 ft) 88
17 Tianjin Radio and Television Tower, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China 1991 415 m (1,362 ft)
18 Central TV Tower, Bejing, People’s Republic of China 1992 405 m (1,329 ft)
Buildings
1 Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan 2003 509 m (1,670 ft) 101
2 Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China (topped out) 2008 492 m (1,614 ft) 101
3= Petronas Tower I, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 m (1,483 ft) 88
3= Petronas Tower II, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1998 452 m (1,483 ft) 88
5 Sears Tower, Chicago, United States 1974 442 m (1,450 ft) 110
6 Jin Mao Building, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 1998 421 m (1,381 ft) 88
7 Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 2003 415 m (1,362 ft) 88
8 CITIC Plaza, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China 1997 391 m (1,283 ft) 80
9 Shun Hing Square, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China 1996 384 m (1,260 ft) 69
10 Empire State Building, New York, United States 1931 381 m (1,250 ft) 102
11 Central Plaza, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 1992 374 m (1,227 ft) 78
12 Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 1990 367 m (1,204 ft) 70
13 Bank of America Tower, New York, United States 2008 366 m (1,201 ft) 54
14 Almas Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2008 360 m (1,181 ft) 74
15 Emirates Office Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2000 355 m (1,165 ft) 54
16 Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 1997 348 m (1,142 ft) 85
17 Aon Center, Chicago, United States 1973 346 m (1,135 ft) 83
18 The Center, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 1998 346 m (1,135 ft) 73
19 John Hancock Center, Chicago, United States 1969 344 m (1,129 ft) 100
20= Rose Tower, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2007 333 m (1,093 ft) 72
20= Shimao International Plaza, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2006 333 m (1,093 ft) 60
22 Minsheng Bank Building, Wuhan, People's Republic of China 2007 331 m (1,086 ft) 68
23= Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea (topped out) 1992 330 m (1,083 ft) 105
23= China World Trade Center Tower 3, Beijing, People's Republic of China 2008 330 m (1,083 ft) 74
25 Q1 Tower, Gold Coast City, Australia 2005 323 m (1,060 ft) 78
26 Burj Al Arab, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 1999 321 m (1,053 ft) 60
27= Chrysler Building, New York, United States 1930 319 m (1,047 ft) 77
27= Nina Tower I, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 2007 319 m (1,047 ft) 80
27= New York Times Building, New York, United States 2007 319 m (1,047 ft) 52
30 Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta, United States 1992 312 m (1,024 ft) 55
31 U.S. Bank Tower, Los Angeles, United States 1989 310 m (1,017 ft) 73
32 Menara Telekom, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2001 310 m (1,017 ft) 55
33 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 2000 309 m (1,014 ft) 56
34 One Island East, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China 2008 308 m (1,010 ft) 70
35 AT&T Corporate Center, Chicago, United States 1989 307 m (1,007 ft) 60
36 JPMorgan Chase Tower, Houston, United States 1982 305 m (1,001 ft) 75
37 Baiyoke Tower II, Bangkok, Thailand 1997 304 m (997 ft) 85
38 Two Prudential Plaza, Chicago, United States 1990 303 m (994 ft) 64
39= Wells Fargo Plaza, Houston, United States 1983 302 m (991 ft) 71
39= Kingdom Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 2002 302 m (991 ft) 41

Source: Emporis Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting mast in Traill County, North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... Blanchard is a small community in Traill County in the U.S. state of North Dakota named for the township it is in. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The KXJB-TV mast is a television transmitting tower in Traill County, North Dakota, United States. ... Galesburg post office and watern tower Galesburg is a city located in Traill County, North Dakota. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Top of KXTV/KOVR tower The KXTV/KOVR Tower is a guyed communication tower in Walnut Grove, California that rises to 2,049 feet (624. ... Walnut Grove is a census-designated place located in Sacramento County, California. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... This article is about the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Oriental Pearl Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Official Name: 东方明珠电视塔) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... The Borj-e Milad is a very tall tower built in Tehran, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The Kuala Lumpur Tower (officially known as Menara Kuala Lumpur; referred later as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and was built in 1995. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Jin Mao Building or Jin Mao Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Golden Prosperity Building) is an 88-story landmark skyscraper in the Lujiazui area of the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... The Chimney of GRES-2 Power Station is the worlds tallest chimney. ... Ekibastuz is a town in Kazakhstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... International Finance Centre (abbr. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Tianjin Radio and Television Tower is a 415. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... People on the stairs to the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago In general, the English word people refers to a specific group of humans, or to persons in a general sense. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Beijings CCTV Tower The China Central Television TV (CCTV) Tower is the tallest structure in Beijing, China. ... (help· info) (IPA peiË© tɕɪŋ˦), a city in northern China (formerly known in western, democratic cultures as Peking or Peiking), is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... People on the stairs to the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago In general, the English word people refers to a specific group of humans, or to persons in a general sense. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... This article is about the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Jin Mao Building or Jin Mao Tower (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Golden Prosperity Building) is an 88-story landmark skyscraper in the Lujiazui area of the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... International Finance Centre (abbr. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... CITIC Plaza is an 80-story high-rise building or skyscraper built in Guangzhou, Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Shun Hing Square Shun Hing Square (信兴广场) is a tall high-rise building or skyscraper in Shenzhen, China. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Central Plaza is the second tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong (tallest as of 2001) after IFC, Hong Kong Phase 2. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... BOC Tower at night The Bank of China Tower (short: BOC Tower; 中銀大廈) is a huge skyscraper in Central, Hong Kong. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Almas Tower (Diamond Tower) is a 365 metre tall skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... The Emirates Office Tower, also referred to as Emirates Tower One is a 54-floor office building along Sheikh Zayed Road in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Tuntex Sky Tower at night Lantern Festival at Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Tuntex Sky Tower, or the T & C Tower , 85 SKYTOWER (the Tuntex & Chien-Tai Tower), is a 85-floor skyscraper located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Lingya District (苓雅區) Government  - Mayor Chen Chu (陳菊) Area  - Total 154 km² (59. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street) is a modern skyscraper in Chicago designed by architect Edward Durell Stone and completed in 1973 as the Standard Oil Building. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... A screen showing financial news at The Center, an office complex in Central. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Several buildings bear this name, all built by John Hancock Insurance and named after John Hancock. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... The Rose Tower is a 333 metre, 72 story tower currently under construction on Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai, UAE. This skyscraper, whose construction began in 2004, was to be 380 m high, but its projected height was reduced in further design modification. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Shimao International Plaza is a 333 m 60 storey office tower in Shanghai, China and completed in 2005. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The Minsheng Bank Building (also known as Wuhan International Securities Building) is a 331. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... The Ryugyong Hotel (or Ryu-Gyong Hotel or Yu-Kyung Hotel or the 105 Building) is a partially constructed concrete skyscraper that was once intended for use as a hotel in Sojang-dong, in the Potong-gang District of Pyongyang, North Korea. ... Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... China World Trade Center Tower 3 is a 301. ... Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This page refers to Q1, a residential tower on the Gold Coast, Australia. ... Categories: Stub ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... The Burj Al Arab (Arabic: برج العرب, Tower of the Arabs) is a luxury hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates managed by the Jumeirah Group and built by Said Khalil. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Self-supporting structures or proposed structures at least 300 meters in height Category: ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A rendering of the New York Times Building The New York Times Building is a skyscraper currently under construction on the west side of Midtown. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the U.S. Bank Tower in Los Angeles. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Menara Telekom Menara Telekom is the headquartes of Telekom Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Hotel during the day The Emirates Towers Hotel, also referred to as Emirates Tower Two is a 56 floor five-star business hotel in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... One Island East (Chinese: 港島東中心) , also called One Island East Centre, is a supertall skyscraper that is currently under construction in Taikoo Place in Island East, Hong Kong. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... View from above The AT&T Corporate Center is the 4th tallest skyscraper in Chicago and 8th tallest in the United States at 1,007 ft (307 m) with 60 floors. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The 75-story, 305 m (1000 ft) tall JPMorgan Chase Tower of Houston, Texas, formerly the Texas Commerce Tower, is the tallest building in Texas and one of the tallest structures in the world. ... Houston redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... The Baiyoke Tower II is the tallest building in Thailand. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Two Prudential Plaza is a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1990. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, formerly the Allied Bank Plaza and First Interstate Bank Plaza, is located in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... Houston redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Kingdom Centre (Arabic: ) in Riyadh is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ...


Future record-breaking structures

Numerous supertall skyscrapers are in various stages of proposal, planning, or construction. Each of these, depending on the order of completion, could become the world's tallest building or structure in at least one category: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Under construction

  • Burj Dubai in Dubai, UAE is expected to be an 818 m (2,684 ft) tall skyscraper. It is currently under construction, and as of 7 April 2008, it is 629 m (2,063.6 ft) tall, with 160 completed floors. Upon completion (projected for 2009) this will be the tallest manmade structure of any kind in history. Currently there is no man-made stucture under constuction that is planned to be taller than the Burj Dubai, but there are some proposals.
  • The Russia Tower, under construction in Moscow, Russia, is expected to be 612.2 m (2,009 ft) with 118 floors. Construction started in September 2007. When completed, it will be the tallest building in Europe, and the second tallest building in the world after the Burj Dubai.
  • The 610 m (2,001 ft), 150 floor Chicago Spire (formerly Fordham Spire) is currently under construction in Chicago. If completed, it would surpass the CN Tower as the tallest freestanding building in North America, and would be the tallest all-residential building in the world.[11] Construction began in June 2007, and is expected to be completed in late 2010.
  • The 541.3 m (1,776 ft) 108 floor (82 for office and occupied space) Freedom Tower of the new World Trade Center began construction in August 2006.[12] It is expected to completed in 2010, with an opening in September 2011. When completed, it will stand as the tallest building in New York City. It would also stand as one of the tallest buildings in the United States, only shorter than the Chicago Spire.
  • The Burj Al Alam in Dubai, is scheduled for completion in 2010. When completed, it will have 108 stories and stand 501 m (1,644 ft) tall.
  • The APIIC Tower, currently under construction in Hyderabad, India, will have a height of 450 m (1,476 ft) and 100 floors. Upon completion in 2010, it is expected to be the tallest skyscraper in South Asia.

Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Coordinates: Emirate Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area    - City 4,114 km² Population    - City (2006) 1,241,000[1]  - Density 293. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the floor of a room or building. ... Russia Tower Russia Tower - skyscraper in the territory of Moscow, whose building they plan to complete in 2012. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronounciation: Moskva), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 878. ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... While skyscrapers remain sparser in Europe than in Asia or the Americas, a significant number of cities still distinguish themselves by the number of highrise buildings they host. ... Located in the city of Guangzhou, China, Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower [1] will be the tallest free standing structure after its completion in 2009, provided the Burj Dubai does not open first. ... Guangzhou (Traditional Chinese: 廣州; Simplified Chinese: 广州; pinyin: Guǎngzhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuang-chou; Jyutping: Gwong2zau1; Yale: Gwóngjaū) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. ... This article is about the floor of a room or building. ... The Chicago Spire is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... The Port Tower planned for Karachi, the financial capital of Pakistan, with collaboration from investors from abroad, the Karachi Port Trust is taking on a Rs. ... Mausoleum of Muhammed Ali Jinnah, known locally as Quaid-e-Azam ka Mazaar or Mazaar-e-Quaid Karachi (کراچي) is the largest city of Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh. ... This article is about the skyscraper in New York City. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the floor of a room or building. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... International Commerce Centre is a 118 story, 484 m skyscraper under construction in West Kowloon, Hong Kong; as part of the Union Square project built on top of the MTR Kowloon Station. ... This article is about the floor of a room or building. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Burj al Alam (World Tower in English) is an under construction 108 story, 501m skyscraper in the Business Bay area of Dubai, UAE designed to resemble a crystal flower. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... APIIC Tower (Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Tower) is a 100 plus storeyed,450 m supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Hyderabad ,India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ...

Proposed

  • The Space Elevator is a hypothetical structure that would consist of a 100,000 km long cord connecting a point on or near the equator to an object, possibly a captured asteroid, in the Clarke orbit; while CNT cables have been found to possess phenomenal tensile strength far beyond any material developed so far[citation needed], they are still not strong enough for this purpose by almost an order of magnitude, and it is highly improbable that this technology could be enhanced sufficiently to perform this feat, thus this remains in the realm of speculative fiction for the time being.
  • The Launch loop concept has been proposed for the purposes of orbital launch which would be 80 km high, and would have a cost of around $10 billion.[13]
  • The Mile High Tower (Arabic: برج الميل‎) is a proposed skyscraper currently planned for Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It is proposed to rise 1,600 m (5,249 ft) in height, and has already had its necessary funding set aside.
  • Al Burj is a proposed skyscraper, also planned for Dubai, UAE, expected to be approximately 1,050 m (3,445 ft) tall.[14]
  • Murjan Tower is a Swedish company's proposal for a supertall skyscraper in Bahrain. Designed by the Danish architect Henning Larsens Tegnestue A/S, it is expected to be 1,022 m (3,353 ft) in height and comprise 200 floors.[15]
  • The proposed Mubarak al-Kabir Tower in Madinat al-Hareer (City Of Silk), (Kuwait) is projected to be 1,001 m (3,284 ft) in height.
  • Noida Tower, 750 m (2,461 ft) tall, is proposed for a small metro city in Delhi's NCR region with a target date for completion of 2013.
  • Oryx Tower is a proposed tower in Doha, set to rise 600 m (1,969 ft).
  • The Port Tower Complex is a proposed 593 m (1,946 ft), Rs. 20 billion ($330 million (USD)) project being financed by the Karachi Port Trust.[17] It is projected for completion by 2013.
  • The Jakarta Tower (Menara Jakarta) in Jakarta, Indonesia is projected to be a 554 m (1,818 ft) skyscraper in Kemayoran, Central Jakarta Jakarta, Indonesia. Site preparation began in the 1990s, but construction never began and the project has been on hold since 2003.
  • American Commerce Center is a proposed supertall skyscraper in the city of Philadelphia. It is planned to rise 1,500 ft (457 m) with 63 floors, roof height set to be 1,210 ft (369 m). If built it would become the third tallest building in the USA, shorter than the Chicago Spire and Freedom Tower.
  • Brisbane 101 Tower is a proposed skyscraper in the city of Brisbane. It is planned to rise 525m high with 117 floors and set to become the tallest structure in the Southern Hemisphere, unless other structure are built to surpass it's height prior to completion.

A space elevator would consist of a cable anchored to the Earths surface, reaching into space. ... 3D model of three types of single-walled carbon nanotubes. ... The space fountain concept is a form of space elevator that does not require the structure to be in geosynchronous orbit, and does not rely on tensile strength for support. ... The Mile Tower (Arabic: Tower of Mile) is a supertall skyscraper to be built in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Joint Saudi Arabia 1925 Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - Urban 1,320 km² (509. ... Al Burj is a supertall skyscraper proposed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates by developer Al Nakheel. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Murjan Tower is a super tall skyscraper planned to be built in Manama, Bahrain. ... Madinat al-Hareer, meaning City of Silk, is a proposed urban planning in Kuwait City, Kuwait, which upon construction, would include the Mubarak al-Kabir Tower be the worlds tallest structure. ... Madinat al-Hareer (Arabic: مدينة الحرير, meaning City of Silk), is a proposed 250 square kilometer planned urban area in Subiya, Kuwait, an area just opposite Kuwait City which, upon construction, would include the Burj Mubarak al-Kabir , the worlds tallest structure, a natural desert reservation of 2 square kilometres, a... Schematic presentation of a Solar updraft tower This article is about a type of power plant. ... A Town in the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Ciudad Real is a province of central Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile_La Mancha. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Map of New Delhi The Different Areas and Zones of Delhi, India South Delhi South Extension Chanakyapuri Greater Kailash Lajpat Nagar Mehrauli Nehru Place Safdarjung New Delhi Vasant Kunj North Delhi Civil Lines Model Town Pitampura East Delhi Mayur Vihar Patparganj Preet Vihar Shahdara Central Delhi Chandni Chowk Connaught Place... The Incheon Tower is a proposed 151-floor, 640 meters (2,100 ft) supertall tower in Incheon, South Korea. ... Sumida Tower (すみだタワー Sumida-tawaa) is a proposed broadcasting tower in Sumida, Tokyo, Japan. ... Sumida (Japanese: 墨田区; -ku) is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. ... The Port Tower planned for Karachi, the financial capital of Pakistan, with collaboration from investors from abroad, the Karachi Port Trust is taking on a Rs. ... Pakistani Rupee Indian Rupee Collection The Rupee (₨ or Rs. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Image of Jakarta Tower The Jakarta Tower (Menara Jakarta) project was initiated during president Suhartos administration. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Kemayoran is a subdistrict of Central Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ...

Never-built record-breaking structures

  • Watkin's Tower in Wembley, London was planned in 1891 to surpass the Eiffel Tower by 50 m (164 ft), but construction stopped before that height was reached due to unstable land. The tower remnants were dismantled in the 1900s, and the site was redeveloped as Wembley Stadium.
  • The Palace of Soviets in Moscow, planned in 1932, was to be 415 m (including a 100 m Lenin statue), and would have been the tallest building in the world at the time if completed. Construction was halted during World War II, during which the uncompleted structure was partially dismantled; its foundations were later to serve as the world's largest open-air swimming pool before being razed in 1995.
  • The Grant USA Tower was planned by developer Harry Grant, who started New York Apple Tours. The building was to be completed in 1986 in Newark, New Jersey and to be the tallest hotel, tallest building and tallest structure. Harry Grant went bankrupt and the building never broke ground. [18]
  • The Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle in Chicago was to be 610 m (2,001 ft)[19] tall in 1988.
  • Until late 1995, there were plans to rebuild the collapsed 646 m (2,119 ft) Warsaw Radio Mast to its previous height on the same site, using the basements of the old mast. Although some refurbishment of the basements started, work was canceled after violent protests by local residents, who feared harmful radiation effects from the high-power transmitter served by the antenna. A new transmission facility with two smaller masts measuring 330 and 289 m was built as a replacement in 1998-99 at Solec Kujawski.
  • Construction was scheduled to begin in 2006 on the now-canceled Strait of Messina Bridge. It would have been the world's largest suspension bridge as well as the tallest, as the proposed height of the two towers, 382.6 metres (1,255 ft), exceeded the 343 m (1,125 ft) of current record-holder Millau Viaduct in France.
  • Construction was cancelled on the Grollo Tower (named after the architect) in Melbourne's developing Dockland precinct in April 2001 after Melbourne's Docklands Authority ruled it out of the tender for development of the Batman Hill's precinct. The area is now occupied by a mixture of smaller commercial and residential buildings. The Grollo Tower would have been the world's tallest building at the time at 560m (1837ft) tall.
  • A series of super-tall sky-scrapers were planned for the major Australian cities of Melbourne, Brisbane, Sydney and Perth from 1985-95 but were all cancelled. The plans included (in order of height) the Grollo Tower (mentioned above), Bribane Central Tower (450m/1476ft, Brisbane), Minuzzo Tower (450m/1476ft, Brisbane), CBD-1 (445m/1459ft, Sydney), Melbourne Plaza (338m/1109ft, Melbourne), City Tower (305m/1000ft, Sydney) and the Westralia Tower (287m/941ft, Perth). The buildings would have been some of the tallest buildings in the world at the time, but were cancelled mainly due to their unnecessary heights which would have dwarfed all surrounding buildings
  • The Ultima Tower is a hypothetical two-mile high skyscraper by architect Eugene Tsui that would be 3,217 m (10,560 ft) tall and comprise 500 stories if built.[20]
  • The Millennium Freedom Tower was a project to be located in Newport, Kentucky, United States was originally proposed in 1998 to be dedicated on Dec 31, 1999. The original height was a proposed 1,234 feet (376 m) and was later lowered to 1,103 ft (306 m). Pilings were driven in 1998, but construction never continued above ground.[21]
  • The World Science Tower was to be one of the world's tallest buildings, proposed in 1964. It was to be located near Larkspur, Colorado, U.S.A. Its design would have had an amusment park at the base.

Watkins Tower was a partially-completed building in London, England also known as Watkins Folly or the London Stump. It was marketed as the great tower of London in its day. ... Wembley, until 1965 a borough in its own right, forms the northern part of the London Borough of Brent. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the new stadium, see Wembley Stadium. ... For other uses, see October Revolution (disambiguation). ... Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin (Владимир Евграфович Татлин) (December 28, 1885 (OS: December 16) – May 31, 1953) worked as a painter and architect. ... Model of the Monument to the Third International Tatlin’s Tower, or the Monument to the Third International, was a grand monumental building envisioned and blueprinted by the Russian artist and architect Vladimir Tatlin, but never built. ... The first edition of Communist International, journal of the Comintern published in Moscow and Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg) in May 1919. ... Model of the Monument to the Third International Tatlin’s Tower, or the Monument to the Third International was never constructed. ... Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Chinese mercenaries White Movement Central Powers (1917-1918): Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire German Empire Allied Intervention: (1918-1922) Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist... The Palace of Soviets (Russian: , Dvorec Sovetov) was a project to construct an administrative center and a congress hall in Moscow, Russia, near the Kremlin, on the site of the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... In 1956, Frank Lloyd Wright proposed a mile-high (1,609 metres/5,280 feet) structure known as either Mile High Illinois, Illinois Sky-City, or simply The Illinois. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, and philosopher from Oak Park, Illinois. ... A rendering of the 140 storey John Maryon Tower. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... The Longwave transmitter Solec Kujawski is the new longwave broadcasting facility of the Polish broadcasting company for the 225 kHz frequency. ... 7 South Dearborn is a cancelled skyscraper for Chicago, United States. ... Satellite photo of the Strait of Messina, taken June 2002. ... The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has the largest span of any bridge This list of the largest suspension bridges ranks the worlds suspension bridges by the length of main span (distance between the suspension towers). ... The Millau Viaduct (French: ) is a large cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. ... The Grollo Tower was a proposed skyscraper development in the Docklands precinct of Melbourne, Australia. ... The Grollo Tower was a proposed skyscraper development in the Docklands precinct of Melbourne, Australia. ... City Tower may refer to: City Tower, Manchester City Tower, Offenbach am Main City Tower, Prague Category: ... Eugene Tsui is an architect based in Emeryville, California. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Larkspur is a town located in Douglas County, Colorado. ...

References

  1. ^ CN Tower dethroned by Dubai building
  2. ^ a b Current height as reported at www.burjdubai.com
  3. ^ "On Top of the World", Time, 2007-07-18. Retrieved on 2008-02-24. 
  4. ^ BBC News, Dubai skyscraper world's tallest
  5. ^ CTV.ca Dubai building surpasses CN Tower in height, September 13, 2007
  6. ^ Highest Dams (World and U.S.) (chart). 1998 ICOLD World Register of Dams. Retrieved on 2007-08-11.
  7. ^ The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Cathedral Church Of LINCOLN, by A.F. KENDRICK, B.A
  8. ^ The Empire State Building. Wired New York. Retrieved on 2007-12-23.
  9. ^ Shanghai Sky - SWFC Observatory
  10. ^ Height for inhabited buildings with floors; does not include TV towers and antennas.
  11. ^ Chicago Business News, Analysis & Articles | Calatrava tower to drop spire | Crain's
  12. ^ Design Strikes a Defensive Posture - The Green Zone - Freedom Tower - Caltrans District 7 - New York Times
  13. ^ PDF version of Lofstrom's 1985 launch loop publication (AIAA 1985)
  14. ^ Nakheel designs 1km-high tower. Retrieved on 2007-08-10.
  15. ^ Murjan Tower 1, Manama
  16. ^ Article - 602 - Japan Set For Worlds Tallest
  17. ^ http://www.kpt.gov.pk/Projects/Proj.html
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle, Chicago
  20. ^ The "Ultima" Tower, Two-mile High Sky City
  21. ^ http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=103174 Emporis Buildings accessed February 21, 2008

“TIME” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Collection of many record holders on Skyscraperpage
// This is a list of the tallest buildings and structures by country. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... The following table is a list of buildings with 100 floors or more under construction. ... Tallest churches, heights in metres From the Middle Ages until the advent of the skyscraper, Christian churches have been among the tallest buildings in the world. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... While skyscrapers remain sparser in Europe than in Asia or the Americas, a significant number of cities still distinguish themselves by the number of highrise buildings they host. ... This is a list of skyscrapers in Israel, ranked by structural height. ... The Warsaw radio mast, built in 1974, was the tallest structure ever built at 646. ... The following fall under the definition of a tower which is a tall man-made structure, always taller than it is wide, and usually much higher. ... A list of the tallest chimneys of the world. ... This is a list of the tallest structures in the Commonwealth of Nations. ... A list of the tallest structures of any kind in Europe, which exist or existed in Europe. ... A list of the tallest structures in Luxemburg. ... // Overhead line crossing Suez Canal, 221 meters Cairo Tower, 187 meters Great Pyramid of Giza, built c. ... An additionally guyed tower is a free-standing tower, which is also additionally guyed. ... An architectural structure is a free-standing or guy anchored manmade outdoor construction for permanent use. ... The Aspects for Antenna heights considerations are depending upon the wave range and economical reasons. ... An Air traffic obstacle is a tall structure which can endanger air traffic. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ... Height restriction laws are laws, which restrict the maximum height of structures. ... The Hibernia platform is the worlds largest oil platform. ... A partially guyed towers is a tower structure which consists of a free-standing basement, in most cases of concrete or of lattice steel with a guyed mast on the top. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of famous or notable buildings with articles about them. ... This article is about the largest buildings in the world. ... Domes are in architectural terms particularly demanding structures. ...

 
 

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