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Encyclopedia > List of sutras

Below is a list of sutras organized alphabetically under the broad categories of Hinduism and Buddhism. Note that there is considerable difficulty in fixing the period of the various sutras. Sutra (सूत्र) in Sanskrit is derived from the verb √siv, meaning to sew. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ...


Sutras primarily associated with Hinduism

Hindu texts

Shruti (what is heard) is a canon of Hindu scriptures, early forms of which may have existed as early as 1500 BC, with most scholarship favoring dates between 1200 and 800 BC. Shruti is said to have no author; rather, it is believed to be a divine recording of the... The Vedas (also referred to as Vedam) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures form part of the core of the Brahminical and Vedic traditions within Hinduism and are the inspirational, metaphysical and mythological foundation for later Vedanta, Yoga, Tantra and even Bhakti forms of Hinduism. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... The Sama Veda (सामवेद), or Veda of Holy Songs, is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... The Yajur Veda यजुर्वेद is one of the four Hindu Vedas; it contains religious texts focussing on liturgy and ritual. ... The Atharva Veda is a sacred text of Hinduism, part of the four books of the Vedas. ... The Brahmanas (Brahmin Books) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures focus on sacrifice -- particularly that of horses and soma. ... The Aranyakas (Forest Books, Forest Treatises) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures are sometimes argued to be part of either the Brahmanas or Upanishads. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, UpaniÅŸad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... Smriti (what is fit/deserves to be remembered) refers to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... The great Hindu Epics are also occasionally termed Mahakavyas (Great Compositions); the terms refer to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is one of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Lord Ram, Laxman, Sita and Hanuman(crouching) The Ramayana (Sanskrit: march (ayana) of Rama) is part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki. ... The Puranas (Sanskrit purāṇá ancient, since they focus on ancient history of the universe) are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss varied topics like devotion to God in his various aspects, traditional sciences like Ayurveda, Jyotish, cosmology, concepts like dharma, karma, reincarnation and many others. ... There are eighteen main Puranas, being: Brahma Purānās Brahma Brahmānda Brahma Vaivarta Mārkandeya (This sacred purana has the Devi Mahatmyam, an important religious text for Shaktas. ... The Tantras (Looms or Weavings), written between 500 and 1800, are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss rituals and meditation. ... Sutra (सूत्र) in Sanskrit is derived from the verb √siv, meaning to sew. ... Smriti (what is fit/deserves to be remembered) refers to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... There are eighteen main Smritis, being: Manu Smriti; Yajnavalkya Smriti Parasara Smriti Vishnu Smriti; Daksha Smriti; Samvarta Smriti; Vyasa Smriti; Harita Smriti; Satatapa Smriti; Vasishtha Smriti; Yama Smriti; Apastamba Smriti; Gautama Smriti; Devala Smriti; Sankha-Likhita Smriti; Usana Smriti; Atri Smriti and SaunakaSmriti. ... The Ashtavakra Gita (Song of Ashtavakra) is an influential nondualist Hindu text traditionally said to have been written by the Sage Ashtavakra, though its authorship is not known with certainty. ... The Gita Govinda or the Song of the Shri Krishna is a work composed in the 12th century by Jayadeva Goswami. ... Hatha Yoga Pradipika is a classic Sanskrit manual on Hatha Yoga, written by Swami Svatmarama. ...

Vedic sutras (800-300 BC)

  • Kalpa Sutras, covering rituals
    • Srauta Sutras, performance of sacrifices
    • Sulba Sutras, architecture of sacrificial area
  • Smarta Sutras, covering domestic life
    • Grhya Sutras
    • Samayacarika or Dharma Sutras
  • Ashtadhyayi (Panini), discussing grammar

The adjective Vedic may refer to The Vedas, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan texts. ... Kalpa Sutras is a Jain ancient text book containing the life and history of the Jain Tirthankars. ... The Sulba-sutras are a text of Vedic mathematics. ... The Ashtadhyayi (Ạṣtādhyāyī, meaning eight chapters) is the earliest known grammar of Sanskrit, and one of the first works on descriptive linguistics, generative linguistics, or linguistics altogether. ... Panini can mean one of the following :- A 5th century BC Hindu scholar Panini (scholar) A type of Italian sandwich Panini (sandwich) A brand of collectable stickers Panini (stickers) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Sutras of Hindu philosophy

Hindu philosophy (one of the main divisions of Indian philosophy) is traditionally seen through the prism of six different systems (called darshanas in Sanskrit) that are listed here and makes up the main belief systems of Hinduism. ... The Brahma sutra is the nyaya prasthana, the logical text that sets forth the philosophy systematically (nyaya - logic/order). ... Rishi Veda Vyasa is a Hindu figure of yore, a divine guru, a luminary of spirituality whose status in Hinduism is equal to that of the gods and goddesses. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Patañjali, is the compiler of the Yoga Sutra, a major work containing aphorisms on the practical and philosophical wisdom regarding practice of Raja yoga. ... This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... The Nyaya-sutras were composed by Aksapada Gautama around 500 BC. The sutras contain five chapters, each with two sections. ...

Sutras primarily associated with Buddhism

Dharma wheel
List of topics
By region and country
Schools and sects
Terms and concepts

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... The cultural elements of Buddhism vary by region and include: Buddhist cuisine Buddhist art Buddharupa Art and architecture of Japan Greco-Buddhism Tibetan Buddhist sacred art Buddhist music Buddhist chant Shomyo Categories: Buddhism-related stubs ... The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama. ... Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The following is a List of Buddhist topics: A Abhidharma Ahimsa Ajahn Ajahn Chah Ajanta Aksobhya Alexandra David-Néel Amara Sinha B... Buddhist beliefs and practices vary according to region. ... The percentage of Buddhist population of each country was taken from the US State Departments International Religious Freedom Report 2004 [1]. Other sources used were CIA Factbook [2] and adherents. ... An image of Gautama Buddha with a swastika, traditionally a Buddhist symbol of good luck, on his chest. ... The Buddhist temple Wat Chiang Man, in Chiang Mai, Thailand, which dates from the late 13th century Buddhist temples and monasteries, sorted by location. ... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... There is great variety in Buddhist texts. ... Before Common Era Trad. ...

Pali sutras

Main article: Tripitaka

The Tripitaka (Sanskrit, lit. ... The Digha Nikaya (Collection of Long Discourses) is the first part of the Sutta Pitaka- one of the three baskets that compose the Pali Tipitaka. ... Buddha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... See also Nirvana Sutra for the Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra, a text of East Asian Mahayana Buddhism. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... The Majjhima Nikaya, or Middle-length Discourses of the Buddha, is the second of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka of the Tipitaka. ... The Samyutta Nikaya, the third Nikaya (division) of the Sutta Pitaka of the Tipitaka, contains 2,889 suttas grouped into five sections (vaggas). ... The Anguttara Nikaya (Gradual Collection) is the fourth of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the three baskets that compose the Pali Tipitaka. ... The Kalama Sutra is a Buddhist sutra in the Anguttara Nikaya of the Tripitaka. ... The Khuddaka Nikaya, or Minor Collection, is the last of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka of the Tipitaka. ... The Dhammapada (Pali, translates as Path of the Dharma. ...

Mahayana sutras

Main article: Mahayana sutras

Mahayana sutras are a very broad genre of Buddhist scriptures that were originally put in writing starting in the first century BCE. They form the basis of the various Mahayana schools. ... The Amitabha Sutra, or Shorter Sukhavativyuha Sutra, is a Mahayana Buddhist text associated with Pure Land Buddhism. ... The Avataṃsaka SÅ«tra (Chinese 華嚴經; pinyin hua yan jing) is one of the most influential scriptures in East Asian Buddhism. ... The Diamond Sutra (Vajracchedika-prajñāpāramitā-sÅ«tra), The Perfection of Wisdom Sutra that Cuts like a Thunderbolt, is a short Mahayana sutra of the Perfection of Wisdom genre, which teaches the practice of the avoidance of abiding in extremes of mental attachment. ... The Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra or Heart Sutra (Sanskrit: Prajñā Pāramitā Hridaya Sūtra) is a well known Mahāyāna Buddhist scripture. ... A woodblock print by Yoshitoshi, (Japan, 1887) depicting Bodhidharma the founder of Chinese Zen. ... The Infinite Life Sutra, or Longer Pure Land Sutra, is a Mahayana Buddhist text associated with Pure Land Buddhism. ... The Lankavatara Sutra is one of the most important sacred texts of Mahayana Buddhism. ... The Lotus Sutra or Sutra on the White Lotus of the Sublime Dharma (Sanskrit: Saddharmapundarīka-sūtra; 妙法蓮華經 Cn: Miàofǎ Liánhuā Jīng; Jp: Myōhō Renge Kyō) is one of the most popular and influential Mahāyāna sutras in East Asia and the basis on which the Tiantai and Nichiren sects of Buddhism... Tiantai (天台宗, Wade-Giles: Tien Tai) is one of the thirteen schools of Buddhism in China and Japan, also called the Lotus Sutra School. ... Nichiren (日蓮) (February 16, 1222 - October 13, 1282), born Zennichimaro (善日麿), later Zeshō-bō Renchō (是生房蓮長) and sometimes called Nichiren Shōnin (日蓮聖人) or Nichiren Daishōnin (日蓮大聖人), was a Buddhist monk in 13th century Japan. ... Nirvana Sutra or Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra (Chinese: Niepan Jing (涅槃經); Japanese: Nehangyō (涅槃経)) is one of the major texts of Mahāyāna Buddhism. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Guan Yin (Avalokitesvara) from Mt. ... Perfection of Wisdom is a translation of the Sanskrit term prajñā pāramitā (Hanzi. ... Platform Sutra (more fully, Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch) is a Buddhist scripture that was composed in China. ... Huineng (638 - 713) was a Chinese Chan monk who is one of the most important figures in the entire tradition. ... Sutra of Perfect Enlightenment Buddhist Sūtra, original Chinese title is Yuanjue jing; 1 fasc. ... The Golden Light Sutra (金光明經; Chinese: jin1 guang1 ming2 jing1; Japanese: Konkōmyō Kyō), an important Buddhist text, was originally written in India (Sanskrit romanization: Suvarnaprabhasa-sutra), and was translated several times into Chinese. ... Japanese Buddhist priest c. ... The Ten Stages Sutra (Sanskrit Daśabhūmikasūtra-śāstra, Dasabhūmikabhāsya; Chinese 十地經論, 十地論, 地論; pinyin shi di jing lun; also known as the Sutra on the Ten Stages) is an influential Mahayana Buddhist scripture written by Vasubandhu in Sanskrit and translated in to Chinese by Bodhiruci and others during the 6th century. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Thus I have heard: At one time, the Buddha dwelt at Shravasti in the Garden of the Benefactor of Orphans and the Solitary. ...

Vajrayana sutras

  • Mahavairocana Sutra also known as the Mahavairocanādhisambodhi Tantra.
  • Vajrasekhara Sutra

Other Sutras

  • Kama Sutra- Written by Vyatsayana, Based on Hinduism. It is famous for its explanations of sexual positions.

The Kama Sutra is an ancient Indian text on sex, widely considered to be the standard work on love in the Sanskrit literature. ...

See also



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