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Encyclopedia > List of surgical procedures

Surgical procedures have long and possibly daunting names. The meaning of many surgical procedure names can often be understood if the name is broken into parts. For example in splenectomy, "ectomy" is a suffix meaning the removal of a part of the body. "Splene-" means spleen. Thus, splenectomy refers to the surgical removal of the spleen (or sections thereof). "otomy" means to cut into a part of the body; a splenotomy would be to cut into, but not necessarily remove, the spleen. A splenectomy is a procedure that involves the removal of the spleen by operative means. ... A suffix is an affix that follows the morphemes to which it can attach. ... The spleen is an organ located in the abdomen, where it functions in the destruction of old red blood cells and holding a reservoir of blood. ...

The field of minimally invasive surgery has spawned another set of words, such as arthroscopic or laparoscopic surgery. These take the same form as above; an arthroscope is a device which allows the inside of the joint to be seen.

See also: Category:Surgical procedures


List of surgical term roots


  • angio- : related to blood vessels
  • arthr- : related to a joint
  • bi- : two
  • colpo- : related to the vagina
  • encephal- : related to the brain
  • hepat- : related to the liver
  • hyster- : related to the uterus
  • lapar- : related to the abdominal cavity
    • Etymology actually refers to soft, fleshy part of abdominal wall. The term celio- is probably more accurate and used in America.
  • lobo- : related to a lobe (of the brain or lungs)
  • mammo- and masto-: related to the breast
  • myo- : related to muscle tissue
  • nephro- : related to the kidney
  • oophor- : related to the ovary
  • orchid- : related to the testicle
  • vas- : related to a duct, usually the vas deferens
  • lamino- : related to vertebrae intervertebral disc
  • gastro- : related to stomach
  • colono- : related to large intestine colon
  • cysto- : related to the bladder

The blood vessels are part of the circulatory system and function to transport blood throughout the body. ... For other uses, see Joint (disambiguation). ... The vagina, (from Latin, literally sheath or scabbard ) is the tubular tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female placental mammals and marsupials, or to the cloaca in female birds, monotremes, and some reptiles. ... For other uses, see Brain (disambiguation). ... The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body, and is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ... This article is about female reproductive anatomy. ... The abdomen (from the Latin word meaning belly) is the part of the body between the pelvis and the thorax. ... For other uses, see Brain (disambiguation). ... The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... For other uses, see Breast (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Muscle, see Muscle (disambiguation). ... The kidneys are the organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... // For ovary as part of plants see ovary (plants) An ovary is an egg-producing reproductive organ found in female organisms. ... Look up testes in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The vas deferens (plural: vasa deferentia), also called ductus deferens, (Latin: carrying-away vessel) is part of the male anatomy of some species, including humans. ... Intervertebral discs lie in between adjacent vertebrae in the spine. ... In anatomy, the stomach is a bean-shaped hollow muscular organ of the gastrointestinal tract involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication. ... Colon has several meanings: colon (anatomy) colon (punctuation) colon (rhetoric) See also Colón This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A bladder is a pouch or other flexible enclosure with waterproof or gasproof walls. ...


  • -centesis : surgical puncture
  • -desis : fusion of two parts into one, stabilization
  • -ectomy : surgical removal (see List of -ectomies). The term 'resection' is also used, especially when referring to a tumor.
  • -oid : similar to
  • -opsy : looking at
  • -oscopy : viewing of, normally with a scope
  • -ostomy or -stomy : surgically creating a hole (a new "mouth" or "stoma")
  • -otomy or -tomy : surgical incision (see List of -otomies)
  • -pexy : to fix or secure
  • -plasty : to modify or reshape (sometimes entails replacement with a prosthesis)
  • -rrhapy : to strengthen, usually with suture
  • -graphy : recording or representation of a specified thing

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For malignant tumors specifically, see cancer. ... In medicine, a stoma (Greek - plr. ... The suffix -otomy, used in medicine and other fields, means to cut or to separate. Amniotomy Androtomy Bilateral_cingulotomy Clitoridotomy Coeliotomy Cordotomy Dichotomy Episiotomy False_dichotomy False_dicotomy Fasciotomy Heller_myotomy Hymenotomy Hysterotomy Laparotomy Law_of_trichotomy Leucotomy Lithotomy_position Lobotomy Meatotomy Myotomy Notomys Osteotomy Ousterhouts_dichotomy Phlebotomy Prefrontal_leucotomy Prefrontal_lobotomy Radial_Keratotomy Radial_keratotomy Thoracotomy Thyroidotomy Tracheotomy Trans-orbital_lobotomy... For other uses, see Suture (disambiguation). ...

List of surgical procedures

The term abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. ... Abdominoplasty or tummy tuck is a cosmetic surgery procedure used to make the abdomen more firm. ... Location of the adenoid Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids. ... Partial hand amputation Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An appendicectomy in progress An appendicectomy (or appendectomy) is the surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Arthroplasty (literally formation of joint) is an operative procedure of orthopaedic surgery performed for replacing the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface with something better or remodeling or realigning the joint by osteotomy or some other procedures. ... Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage of the interior of a joint is performed using an arthroscope, a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Brain biopsy A biopsy (in Greek: bios = life and opsy = look/appearance) is a medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination. ... Insertion of an electrode during neurosurgery for Parkinsons disease. ... Cauterization is a medical term describing the burning of the body to remove or close a part of it. ... A caesarean section (cesarean section AE), is a surgical incision through a mothers abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterotomy) to deliver one or more fetuses. ... Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy as seen through laparoscope X-Ray during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Cholecystectomy (, plural: cholecystectomies,) is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. ... This article is about male circumcision. ... Clitoridectomy is the surgical removal of the clitoris. ... Colon resection is the name of the surgical procedure when part of the colon is removed due to various illnesses e. ... A colostomy is a surgical procedure that involves connecting a part of the colon onto the anterior abdominal wall, leaving the patient with an opening on the abdomen called a stoma. ... Surgical incision of a commissure in the body, as one made in the heart to relieve constriction of the mitral valve or one made in the brain to treat certain psychiatric disorders. ... Cordotomy is a surgical procedure that disables selected pain-conducting tracts in the spinal cord, in order to achieve loss of pain and temperature perception. ... Cornea transplant. ... A discectomy is a surgical procedure where an extravasated segment of the intervertebral disc, which is causing pain by stressing the spinal cord or radiating nerves, is dissected. ... Medio-lateral episiotomy as baby crowns. ... Endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the atheromatous plaque material, or blockage, in the lining of an artery constricted by the buildup of fatty deposits. ... Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is a surgical procedure where certain portions of the sympathetic nerve trunk are burned, severed, removed or clamped. ... Foreskin restoration is the process of expanding the residual skin on the penis, via surgical or non-surgical methods, to create the appearance of a natural foreskin (prepuce) covering the glans penis. ... A Fistulotomy is the surgical opening or removal of a fistulus tract. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Diagram of the stomach, showing the different regions. ... In medicine, grafting is a surgical procedure to transplant tissue without a blood supply. ... In medicine (surgery), hemicorporectomy is an amputation at the waist. ... Hemilaminectomy is a surgical procedure in which only part of a vertebral lamina is removed in the spine. ... Hemorrhoids (also known as haemorrhoids or piles) are varicosities or swelling and inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus. ... Hepatectomy consists on the surgical resection of the liver. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Hypnosurgery is the term given to an operation where the patient is sedated using hypnotherapy rather than traditional anaesthetics. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Khyphoplasty is a type of surgery to repair compression fracture to vertebra, often from osteoporosis. ... Laminectomy is a surgical procedure for treating spinal stenosis by relieving pressure on the spinal cord. ... Laparoscopic surgery, also called keyhole surgery (when natural body openings are not used), bandaid surgery, or minimally invasive surgery (MIS), is a surgical technique. ... A laparotomy is a surgical maneuver involving an incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity. ... Laryngectomy (sometimes spelled Laryngectomee) is the removal of the larynx and separation of the airway from the mouth, nose, and esophagus. ... A lithotriptor with integrated fluoroscope (upper head) and ultrasound generator (lower head) A lithotriptor is a medical device used in the non-invasive treatment of kidney stones (urinary calculosis) and gallstones (stones in the gallbladder in the liver). ... Look up Lobotomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lumpectomy is a common surgical procedure designed to remove a discreet lump (usually a tumour, benign or otherwise) from an affected womans breast. ... Cheek implants usually made of solid silicone which is inserted generally through the mouth and secured above the cheekbones to give more facial definition and improve the face. ... In medicine, mastectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely. ... Mastoidectomy is an operation to remove disease from the bone behind the ear, when medical management is inadequate. ... Genioplasty/Mentoplasty is a type of cosmetic surgery that is used to improve the appearance of a persons chin. ... Myotomy describes a surgical procedure in which muscle is cut. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Myringotomy. ... Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about music. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries of a female animal. ... Castration (also referred as: gelding, neutering, orchiectomy, orchidectomy, and oophorectomy) is any action, surgical, chemical, or otherwise, by which a male loses the functions of the testes or a female loses the functions of the ovaries. ... A pancreaticoduodenectomy, Whipple procedure, or Kausch-Whipple procedure, is a major surgical operation involving the pancreas, duodenum, and other organs. ... Parathyroidectomy is the surgical removal of one or more parathyroid glands. ... Penectomy is the surgical removal of the penis for medical reasons. ... Phalloplasty refers to the (re-)construction of a penis or, sometimes, to artificial modification of the penis by surgery, often for cosmetic purposes. ... Pleurodesis is the artificial obliteration of the pleural space. ... A pneumonectomy (or pneumectomy) is an surgical procedure to remove a lung. ... A Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland. ... Psychosurgery is a term for surgeries of the brain involving procedures that modulate the performance of the brain, and thus effect changes in cognition, with the intent to treat or alleviate severe mental illness. ... Radiosurgery is a medical procedure which allows non-invasive brain surgery, i. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Sphincterotomy is formed from Sphincter + otomy (to cut, to separate). ... A splenectomy is a procedure that involves the removal of the spleen by operative means. ... A stapedectomy is a surgical procedure of the middle ear performed to improve hearing. ... Thoracotomy is a surgical incision into the chest. ... A thrombectomy is the excision of an abnormal or dangerous thrombus (blood clot). ... A thymectomy is an operation to remove the thymus gland. ... A thyroidectomy involves the surgical removal all or part of the thyroid gland. ... Throat with Tonsils Throat after tonsillectomy A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which the tonsils are removed. ... Completed tracheotomy: 1 - Vocal cords 2 - Thyroid cartilage 3 - Cricoid cartilage 4 - Tracheal cartilages 5 - Balloon cuff A tracheotomy is a procedure performed by paramedics, emergency physicians and surgeons in order to secure an airway. ... Tracheotomy is a surgical procedure used to cut a hole in the trachea through which a small tube is inserted. ... Tubal ligation (informally known as getting ones tubes tied) is a permanent form of female sterilization, in which the fallopian tubes are severed and sealed or pinched shut, in order to prevent fertilization. ... Tubal reversal - short for tubal sterilization reversal or tubal ligation reversal - is a surgical procedure that restores fertility to women after a tubal ligation. ... Tommy John surgery, known by doctors as ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (or UCL), is a surgical procedure in which a ligament in the medial elbow is replaced with a tendon from elsewhere in the body (often from the forearm, hamstring, knee, or foot of the patient). ... A ureterosigmoidostomy is a surgical procedure where the ureters which carry urine from the kidneys, are diverted into the sigmoid colon. ... Vaginectomy is a medical procedure to remove all or part of the vagina. ... Vasectomy is a surgical procedure in which the vasa deferentia of a male mammal are cut for the purpose of sterilization. ... Etymologically, Vivisection refers to the dissection of, or any cutting or surgery upon, a living organism. ... Vulvectomy refers to a gynecological procedure in which the vulva is partly or completely removed. ...

External links

  • "In medicine, what's the difference between an -ectomy, an -ostomy, and an -otomy?" at The Straight Dope
  • Medical suffixes
The Straight Dope is a popular question and answer newspaper column published in the Chicago Reader (an alternative weekly), syndicated in thirty newspapers in the United States and Canada, and available online. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Medical Procedures and Medical Tests from MedicineNet - Index of information produced by doctors (662 words)
Procedure using a viewing tube that enables an examiner (usually a gastroenterologist) to evaluate the appearance of the inside of the colon (large bowel).
During this procedure, cells from a woman's cervix are collected and spread onto a microscope slide and then examined for pre-malignant or malignant changes.
In this surgical procedure, the diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint is replaced with artificial material.
  More results at FactBites »



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