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Encyclopedia > List of state leaders

This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where the executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separate from the legislature, to which it is not accountable, and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by a dictator. ... States with semi-presidential systems are shown in yellow The semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day functioning of the administration of a country. ...

Contents

List of state leaders

State Government Head of state Head of government
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan presidential republic
Flag of Albania Albania parliamentary republic President Alfred Moisiu Prime Minister Sali Berisha
Flag of Algeria Algeria semi-presidential republic President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Flag of Andorra Andorra parliamentary monarchy Co-Princes Joan Enric Vives Sicília (represented by Nemesi Marqués Oste)
and Jacques Chirac (represented by Philippe Massoni)
Head of Government Albert Pintat
Flag of Angola Angola presidential republic President José Eduardo dos Santos Prime Minister Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir James Carlisle Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer
Flag of Argentina Argentina presidential republic
Flag of Armenia Armenia presidential republic President Robert Kocharian Prime Minister Serzh Sargsyan
Flag of Australia Australia parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Michael Jeffery Prime Minister John Howard
Flag of Austria Austria parliamentary republic President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan presidential republic President İlham Aliyev Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Flag of The Bahamas Bahamas, The parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Arthur Dion Hanna Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain semi-constitutional monarchy King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister Sheikh Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh parliamentary republic President Iajuddin Ahmed Chief Adviser Fakhruddin Ahmed
Flag of Barbados Barbados parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Clifford Husbands Prime Minister Owen Arthur
Flag of Belarus Belarus presidential republic President Aleksandr Lukashenko Prime Minister Sergey Sidorsky
Flag of Belgium Belgium parliamentary monarchy King Albert II Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt
Flag of Belize Belize parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Colville Young Prime Minister Said Musa
Flag of Benin Benin presidential republic
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan absolute monarchy Dragon King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck Prime Minister Lyonpo Khandu Wangchuk
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia presidential republic
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina federal parliamentary representative democratic republic Tripartite presidency3: Chairmen of the Presidency Nebojša Radmanović, Haris Silajdžić, Željko Komšić Prime Minister Nikola Špirić
Flag of Botswana Botswana presidential republic
President Festus Mogae
Flag of Brazil Brazil presidential republic
Flag of Brunei Brunei absolute monarchy
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria parliamentary republic President Georgi Parvanov Prime Minister Sergey Stanishev
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso presidential republic President Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister Paramanga Ernest Yonli
Flag of Burundi Burundi presidential republic
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia parliamentary monarchy King Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon presidential republic President Paul Biya Prime Minister Ephraïm Inoni
Flag of Canada Canada parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General Michaëlle Jean Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde semi-presidential republic President Pedro Pires Prime Minister José Maria Neves
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic presidential republic President François Bozizé Prime Minister Élie Doté
Flag of Chad Chad presidential republic President Idriss Déby Prime Minister Delwa Kassiré Koumakoye
 Chile presidential republic
Flag of People's Republic of China China, People's Republic of Communist Party-led republic President Hu Jintao Premier Wen Jiabao
Flag of Colombia Colombia presidential republic
Flag of Comoros Comoros presidential republic
Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the semi-presidential republic President Joseph Kabila Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga
Flag of Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic of the presidential republic
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica presidential republic
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire presidential republic President Laurent Gbagbo Prime Minister Guillaume Soro
Flag of Croatia Croatia parliamentary republic President Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister Ivo Sanader
Flag of Cuba Cuba Socialist republic President Fidel Castro (away from office) Raúl Castro (acting for Fidel) Prime Minister Fidel Castro (away from office) Raúl Castro (acting for Fidel)
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus presidential republic
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic parliamentary republic President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek
Flag of Denmark Denmark parliamentary monarchy Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti presidential republic President Ismail Omar Guelleh Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Flag of Dominica Dominica parliamentary republic President Nicholas Liverpool Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic presidential republic
Flag of East Timor East Timor parliamentary republic President Xanana Gusmão Prime Minister José Ramos-Horta
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador presidential republic
Flag of Egypt Egypt presidential republic President Hosni Mubarak Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador presidential republic
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea presidential republic President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea parliamentary republic
President Isaias Afewerki
Flag of Estonia Estonia parliamentary republic President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia parliamentary republic President Girma Wolde-Giorgis Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
Flag of Fiji Fiji military dictatorship President Ratu Josefa Iloilo Interim Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
Flag of Finland Finland semi-presidential republic President Tarja Halonen Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen
Flag of France France semi-presidential republic President Jacques Chirac Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin
Flag of Gabon Gabon presidential republic President Omar Bongo Prime Minister Jean Eyeghe Ndong
Flag of The Gambia Gambia, The presidential republic
President Yahya Jammeh
Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia presidential republic President Mikhail Saakashvili Prime Minister Zurab Noghaideli
Flag of Germany Germany parliamentary republic President Horst Köhler Chancellor Angela Merkel
Flag of Ghana Ghana presidential republic
President John Kufuor
Flag of Greece Greece parliamentary republic President Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis
Flag of Grenada Grenada parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Daniel Williams Prime Minister Keith Mitchell
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala presidential republic
Flag of Guinea Guinea presidential republic President Lansana Conté Prime Minister Lansana Kouyate
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau presidential republic President João Bernardo Vieira Prime Minister Martinho Ndafa Kabi
Flag of Guyana Guyana presidential republic President Bharrat Jagdeo Prime Minister Sam Hinds
Flag of Haiti Haiti presidential republic President René Préval Prime Minister Jacques-Édouard Alexis
Flag of Honduras Honduras presidential republic
Flag of Hungary Hungary parliamentary republic President László Sólyom Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány
Flag of Iceland Iceland parliamentary republic President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister Geir Haarde
Flag of India India parliamentary republic President Abdul Kalam Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia presidential republic
Flag of Iran Iran presidential republic under theocratic tutelage
Flag of Iraq Iraq parliamentary republic President Jalal Talabani Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Ireland parliamentary republic President Mary McAleese Taoiseach Bertie Ahern
 Israel parliamentary republic President Moshe Katsav (away from office) Dalia Itzik (interim) Prime Minister Ehud Olmert
Flag of Italy Italy parliamentary republic President Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister Romano Prodi
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Kenneth Hall Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller
Flag of Japan Japan parliamentary monarchy Emperor Akihito5 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Flag of Jordan Jordan semi-constitutional monarchy King Abdullah II Prime Minister Marouf al-Bakhit
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan presidential republic President Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister Karim Masimov
Flag of Kenya Kenya presidential republic
President Mwai Kibaki
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati presidential republic
Flag of North Korea Korea, North Communist Party-led republic Eternal President2 (the late) Kim Il-sung;
Chairman of the National Defence Commission Kim Jong-il (regarded as "highest administrative authority");
Head of State for Foreign Affairs as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Yong-nam
Premier Kim Yong-il
Flag of South Korea Korea, South presidential republic President Roh Moo Hyun Prime Minister of South Korea Han Duck-soo
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait semi-constitutional monarchy Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan presidential republic President Kurmanbek Bakiyev Prime Minister Almazbek Atambayev
Flag of Laos Laos Communist Party-led republic President Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh
Flag of Latvia Latvia parliamentary republic President Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga Prime Minister Aigars Kalvītis
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon semi-presidential confessional republic President Émile Lahoud Prime Minister Fouad Siniora
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho parliamentary monarchy King Letsie III Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili
Flag of Liberia Liberia presidential republic
Flag of Libya Libya jamahiriya President Zentani Muhammad az-Zentani (official head of state); Leader of the Revolution Muammar al-Qaddafi (de facto head of state) Prime Minister Baghdadi Mahmudi
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein semi-constitutional monarchy Sovereign Prince Hans-Adam II;
Prince-Regent Alois
Head of Government Otmar Hasler
 Lithuania parliamentary republic President Valdas Adamkus Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas
 Luxembourg parliamentary monarchy Grand Duke Henri Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Macedonia, Republic of semi-presidential republic President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski
 Madagascar presidential republic President Marc Ravalomanana Prime Minister Charles Rabemananjara
 Malawi presidential republic
 Malaysia parliamentary monarchy Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin Prime Minister Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
 Maldives presidential republic
 Mali presidential republic President Amadou Toumani Touré Prime Minister Ousmane Issoufi Maïga
 Malta parliamentary republic President Edward Fenech Adami Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
 Marshall Islands presidential republic
 Mauritania military junta President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi Prime Minister Zeine Ould Zeidane
 Mauritius parliamentary republic President Sir Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam
 Mexico presidential republic
 Federated States of Micronesia presidential republic
 Moldova semi-presidential republic President Vladimir Voronin Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev
 Monaco constitutional monarchy Sovereign Prince Albert II Minister of State Jean-Paul Proust
 Mongolia semi-presidential republic President Nambaryn Enkhbayar Prime Minister Miyeegombo Enkhbold
 Montenegro parliamentary republic President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Željko Šturanović
 Morocco semi-constitutional monarchy King Muhammad VI Prime Minister Driss Jettou
 Mozambique presidential republic
 Myanmar military junta without representative institutions Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Sr. Gen. Than Shwe Prime Minister Soe Win
 Namibia presidential republic
President Hifikepunye Pohamba
 Nauru parliamentary republic
 Nepal monarchy (in suspend since 2007 till constituent assembly election) Kings of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala (Interim) Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala
 Netherlands parliamentary monarchy Queen Beatrix Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
 New Zealand parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General of New Zealand Anand Satyanand Prime Minister Helen Clark
 Nicaragua presidential republic
 Niger presidential republic President Tandja Mamadou Prime Minister Hama Amadou
 Nigeria presidential republic
 Norway parliamentary monarchy King Harald V Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg
 Oman absolute monarchy
 Pakistan presidential republic President General Pervez Musharraf Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz
 Palau presidential republic
 Panama presidential republic
 Papua New Guinea parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Paulias Matane Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare
 Paraguay presidential republic
 Peru presidential republic President Alan García Prime Minister Jorge del Castillo
 Philippines presidential republic
 Poland parliamentary republic President Lech Kaczyński Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński
 Portugal parliamentary republic President Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister José Sócrates
 Qatar absolute monarchy Emir Hamad ibn Khalifa Al Thani Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabr Al Thani
 Romania semi-presidential republic Interim President Nicolae Văcăroiu Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
 Russia semi-presidential republic President Vladimir Putin Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov
 Rwanda presidential republic President Paul Kagame Prime Minister Bernard Makuza
 Saint Kitts and Nevis parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian Prime Minister Denzil Douglas
 Saint Lucia parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Dame Pearlette Louisy Prime Minister Sir John Compton
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Frederick Ballantyne Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
 Samoa parliamentary monarchy O le Ao o le Malo Malietoa Tanumafili II Prime Minister Tuila'epa Sailele Malielegaoi
 San Marino parliamentary republic Captains-Regent Alessandro Mancini and Alessandro Rossi Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo Stolfi
 São Tomé and Príncipe semi-presidential republic President Fradique de Menezes Prime Minister Tomé Vera Cruz
 Saudi Arabia absolute monarchy
King and Prime Minister Abdullah
 Senegal presidential republic President Abdoulaye Wade Prime Minister Macky Sall
 Serbia parliamentary republic President Boris Tadić Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica
 Seychelles presidential republic
 Sierra Leone presidential republic
 Singapore parliamentary republic President Sellapan Ramanathan Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
 Slovakia parliamentary republic President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Robert Fico
 Slovenia parliamentary republic President Janez Drnovšek Prime Minister Janez Janša
 Solomon Islands parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Sir Nathaniel Waena Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare
 Somalia de jure semi-presidential state President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Ghedi
 South Africa presidential republic
 Spain parliamentary monarchy King Juan Carlos I President of the Government José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
 Sri Lanka semi-presidential republic
 Sudan presidential republic
President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir
 Suriname presidential republic
 Swaziland absolute monarchy King Mswati III Prime Minister Themba Dlamini
 Sweden parliamentary monarchy King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
 Switzerland parliamentary republic
 Syria presidential republic President Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-Otari
 Tajikistan presidential republic President Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov
 Tanzania presidential republic
 Thailand military dictatorship King Bhumibol Adulyadej Chief of the Administrative Reform Council Sonthi Boonyaratglin; Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont
 Togo presidential republic President Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister Yawovi Agboyibo
 Tonga parliamentary monarchy King George Tupou V Prime Minister Dr. Feleti Sevele
 Trinidad and Tobago parliamentary republic President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Patrick Manning
 Tunisia presidential republic President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi
 Turkey parliamentary republic President Ahmet Necdet Sezer Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 Turkmenistan presidential republic
 Tuvalu parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Filoimea Telito Prime Minister Apisai Ielemia
 Uganda presidential republic
 Ukraine semi-presidential republic President Viktor Yushchenko Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych
 United Arab Emirates semi-constitutional monarchy President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
 United Kingdom parliamentary monarchy1 Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Tony Blair
 United States presidential republic
 Uruguay presidential republic
 Uzbekistan presidential republic President Islom Karimov Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyayev
 Vanuatu parliamentary republic President Kalkot Mataskelekele Prime Minister Ham Lini
 Vatican City sacerdotal state Pope Benedict XVI Secretary of State Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone;
Governor Archbishop Giovanni Lajolo
 Venezuela presidential republic
 Vietnam Communist Party-led republic President Nguyen Minh Triet Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
 Yemen presidential republic President Ali Abdullah Saleh Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawar
 Zambia presidential republic
 Zimbabwe presidential republic

This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973-1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times being governed by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the mujahideen and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers. ... Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزي, Persian: حامد کرزی) (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Parliamentary republics around the world, shown in Orange (Parliamentary republics with a non-executive President) and Green (Parliamentary republics with an executive President linked to Parliament). ... // Ismail Qemali Bej (28 November - 29 November 1912) Ismail Qemali Bej (29 November 1912 - 22 January 1914) Esat Pashe Toptani (12 October 1913 - 12 February 1914) (Chairman Council of Elders of Central Albania, in opposition in Durres) Fejzi Bej Alizoti (22 January - 7 March 1914) Wilhelm zu Wied (7 March... Alfred Spiro Moisiu (born December 1, 1929) has been President of Albania since July 24, 2002. ... List of Prime Ministers of Albania Ismail Qemali (1912-1913) Myfit Libohova (1913-1914) Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1914) Esat Pashë Toptani (1914) Abdullah Rushdi (1914-1918) Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1918-1920) Sulejman Bej Delvina (1920) Ilias Bej Vrioni (1920-1921) Pandeli Evangjeli (1921) Hasan Bej Prishtina (1921) Omer...   (born October 15, 1944) is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria_(bordered). ... The President is the head of state and chief executive of Algeria, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Algerian armed forces. ... Abdelaziz Bouteflika (عبد العزيز بوتفليقة) (born March 2, 1937) is the President of Algeria (since 1999). ... The Prime Minister is the head of government of Algeria. ... Abdelaziz Belkhadem (born November 8, Algeria) is an Algerian politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges a hereditary or elected monarch as head of state. ... This is a list of Co-Princes of Andorra. ... Joan Enric Vives i Sicília (born July 24, 1949) is the current Bishop of Urgell and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. ... Nemesi Marqués y Oste is the personal representative to Andorra of the Bishop of Urgell, who is one of the co-princes of Andorra. ... Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932) has served as the Gaullist President of France since he was first elected in 1995. ... Philippe Massoni is a French politician. ... The General Council of the Valleys (in Catalan, Consell General de les Valls) is the unicameral parliament of Andorra. ... Albert Pintat Santolària (born 23 June 1943) is the executive council president (head of government) of Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... The President is both a frog and a cat head of state and head of government in Angola. ... José Eduardo dos Santos (born August 28, 1942 in Luanda) is the current President, Head of Government, and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Angola. ... The Prime Minister is the head of government in Angola. ... Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos, known as Nandó (born March 5, 1952) is the Prime Minister of Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The flag of the Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda This page contains a list of Governors-General of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir James Beethoven Carlisle GCMG (born August 5, 1937) is the Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Antigua and Barbuda. ... Winston Baldwin Spencer (born October 8, Antigua and Barbuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ...  , full name Néstor Carlos Kirchner Ostoic (born 25 February 1950), is the President of Argentina, sworn in on May 25, 2003. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... There have been two Presidents of Armenia since independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. ... Robert Sedraki Kocharian (IPA: , Armenian: ) (born August 31, 1954) is the second president of the third republic of Armenia. ... The Prime Minister of Armenia is the most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to oversee the Governments regular activities [and] coordinate the work of the Ministers. ... Serzh (Azati) Sargsyan (Armenian Սերժ Ô±Õ¦Õ¡Õ¿Õ« Սարգսյան, born on June 30, 1954 in Stepanakert, then part of the Azerbaijan SSR, today in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic) is the Defense Minister of Armenia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Queen Elizabeth II, the current Queen of Australia. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Michael Jeffery, the current Governor-General of Australia The Governor-General of Australia is the representative in Australia of Australias head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, who lives in the United Kingdom. ... Major-General Philip Michael Jeffery, AC, CVO, MC, GCL (born 12 December 1937) is the 24th Governor-General of Australia. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939), Australian politician, is the Prime Minister of Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ... Heinz Fischer (born 9 October 1938) is the federal president of Austria. ... The Chancellor of Austria (in German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... Alfred Gusenbauer (born February 8, 1960) has been the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) since 2000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... The country of Azerbaijan is a presidential republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. ... Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Ä°lham HeydÉ™r oÄŸlu Əliyev) (born December 24, 1961) is the current President of Azerbaijan. ... Politics of Azerbaijan takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, , with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. ... Artur Tahir oÄŸlu RasizadÉ™ (born 1935) is the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Flag of the Governor-General of the Bahamas This page contains a list of Governors-General of the Bahamas. ... Arthur Dion Hanna (born March 7, 1928) is the current governor-general of the Bahamas. ... The accuracy of this list is disputed, since it was based on worldstatesmen. ... The Right Honourable Hubert Alexander Ingraham (born 1947) was the second prime minister of the Bahamas from 1992 until 2002. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain_(bordered). ... The position of king of Bahrain was created in February 2002 when the then emir of Bahrain Hamad ibn Isa al-Khalifah gave himself the title of king. ... His Royal Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (Arabic: حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة) (born January 28, 1950 in Riffa, Bahrain) is the current King of Bahrain (since 2002), having previously been its Emir (from 1999). ... In Bahrain, the Prime Minister is the head of government of the country. ... ‎Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa (خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة) (born 22 November 1936) is the Prime Minister of Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... This page lists Presidents of Bangladesh. ... Iajuddin Ahmed (Bangla: ইয়াজউদ্দিন আহম্মেদ) (February 1, 1931) is the current President of Bangladesh and has been in office since 2002. ... The Prime Minister of Bangladesh is, in practice, the most powerful political position in Bangladesh. ... Dr. Fakhruddin Ahmed is a noted Bangladeshi economist, civil servant, and a former governor of the Bangladesh Bank, the countrys central bank. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Barbados. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Clifford Straughn Husbands, GCMG, KA, CHB, GCM, QC (born August 5, 1926) is the Governor-General of Barbados. ... This is a list of Premiers and Prime Ministers of Barbados Premier Grantley Herbert Adams (1954-1958) Hugh Gordon Cummins (1958-1961) Errol Barrow (1961-1966) Prime Minister Errol Barrow (1966-1976) J.M.G. Adams (1976-1985) Bernard St. ... Owen Seymour Arthur, MP, BA, MSc. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... History of Belarusian states can be traced far to Principality of Polatsk. ... Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko (Russian: Алекса́ндр Григо́рьевич Лукаше́нко, Belarusian: Алякса́ндр Ры&#1075... This is a list of people who have held the position prime minister for the European country of Belarus (Премьер-министр Республики Беларусь): Vyacheslav Kebich (1991 - 1994) Mikhail Chigir (1994 - 1996) Syargey Ling (1996 - 1997 ) Vladimir Yermoshin (1997 - 2001) Gennady Novitsky (2001 - 2003) Sergey Sidorsky (2003 - present) Category: ... Sergey Sidorsky (Belarusian: Сяргей Сідорскі (Syarhey Sidorski/Siarhiej Sidorski)) (born 1954) is the Prime Minister of Belarus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Successive Belgian kings are 1831-1865: Léopold I (34) 1865-1909: Léopold II (44) 1909-1934: Albert I (25) 1934-1951: Léopold III (16) 1944-1950: Charles, reigned as Prince Regent 1951-1993: Baudouin I (42) Since 1993: Albert II (13) None of these were King of... Albert II, King of the Belgians (Albert Félix Humbert Théodore Chrétien Eugène Marie), (born June 6, 1934), is the current King of the Belgians and a constitutional monarch. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Belgium, known regionally as: Premier Ministre in French, Eerste Minister in Dutch, and Premierminister in German. ... Guy Verhofstadt (help· info) (born April 11, 1953) is a Belgian politician, municipal councillor in Ghent and current Prime Minister of Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belize. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Belize. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Colville Norbert Young (born 1932) is the Governor-General of Belize, and also patron of the Scout Association of Belize. ... The government of Belize is directed by the Prime Minister. ... Said Wilbert Musa, PC, (born March 19, 1944) is a Belizean lawyer and politician, and has been Prime Minister of Belize since August 28, 1998. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Benin. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Yayi Boni Dr. Thomas Yayi Boni (born 1952), a Beninois banker and politician, is the current President of Benin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Bhutanese rulers have styled themselves as Desi Druks (see dual system of government under Ngawang Namgyal), maharajas, and kings. ... Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (born February 21, 1980) is the fifth Dragon King of Bhutan and head of the Wangchuck dynasty. ... The following is a list of the prime ministers of the Kingdom of Bhutan. ... Lyonpo Khandu Wangchuk (born 1950) is a member of the Council of Ministers of Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... The President of Bolivia is the head of state of Bolivia. ... Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959 in Orinoca, Oruro), popularly known as Evo (IPA: ), is the President of Bolivia, and the countrys first indigenous head of state since the Spanish Conquest over 470 years ago. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... A map displaying todays federations. ... A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on popular consent and whose governance is based on popular representation and control. ... The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Chairmen of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Alija Izetbegovic (20 December 1990 - 5 October 1996) Alija Izetbegovic (1st time) (5 October 1996 - 13 October 1998) Zivko Radisic (1st time) (13 October 1998 - 15 June 1999) Ante Jelavic (15 June 1999 - 14 February 2000) Alija Izetbegovic (2nd time) (14 February... NebojÅ¡a Radmanović is a Bosnian Serb politician. ... Dr. Haris Silajdžić (born on October 1, 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic. ... Željko KomÅ¡ić (IPA: ) (born January 20, 1964, Sarajevo) is a Bosnian-Herzegovinian politician of Croatian descent. ... The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Nikola Å pirić (born on September 4, 1956 in Drvar, Bosnia-Herzegovina) is a Bosnian politician and the current Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... List of Heads of State of Botswana (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... Festus Gontebanye Mogae (born August 21, 1939) is the president of Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The first president of Brazil was Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed the republic in a military coup detât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state of Brunei. ... The Prime Minister of Brunei is a title held by the Sultan of Brunei. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Al-Muizzaddin Waddaulah ibni Almarhum Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Saadul Khairi Waddien, GCMG (born July 15, 1946) is the 29th Sultan of Brunei, the eldest son of Omar Ali Saifuddin Saadul Khairi Waddien, the previous... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... This page will list the various republican heads of state of Bulgaria, as well as leaders of Bulgarias communist party during the time when it played the leading role in the Bulgarian state. ... Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Bulgarian: ) (born 28 June 1957) has been president of Bulgaria since 22 January 2002. ... Chairmen of the Council of Ministers, 1879-1991 Prime Ministers, 1991-present See also History of Bulgaria Politics of Bulgaria List of Bulgarian monarchs List of Presidents of Bulgaria Categories: Lists of office-holders | Prime Ministers of Bulgaria ... Sergey Dmitrievich Stanishev (Bulgarian: Сергей Станишев) (born May 5, 1966), Bulgarian politician, is Chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... List of Heads of State of Burkina Faso (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See Also:- Burkina Faso Heads of Government of Burkina Faso Colonial Heads of Burkina Faso (Upper Volta) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Burkina Faso | Lists of office-holders ... Blaise Compaoré (born February 3, 1951) has been the president of Burkina Faso since 1987. ... The office of Prime Minister of Burkina Faso was initially created in 1971, when Burkina Faso was named Upper Volta. ... Paramanga Ernest Yonli, also sometimes known as Ernest Paramanga Yonli (born 1956), is the Prime Minister of Burkina Faso, since November 6, 2000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... // List of Rulers and Heads of State of Burundi (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Kingdom of Burundi Republic of Burundi Affiliations:- See also Burundi Heads of government of Burundi Vice-Presidents of Burundi Provincial governors of Burundi Heads of state of Martyazo Colonial heads of Burundi... Pierre Nkurunziza is elected President of Burundi on August 19, 2005. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... This is a complete list of Kings of Cambodia 6th century: Bhavavarman I 6th century: Mahendravarman 7th century: Isanavarman I 7th century: Bhavavarman II 7th century: Jayavarman I 8th century: Queen Jayavedi REIGN UNKNOWN: Sambhuvarman REIGN UNKNOWN: Pushkaraksha 8th century: Sambhuvarman 8th century: Rajendravarman I REIGN UNKNOWN: Mahipativarman 802-850... King Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia (Khmer: នរោត្តម សីហមុនី; IPA: ; born 14 May 1953) is the King of Cambodia, the son of King Father Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... This is a list of prime ministers of Cambodia. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... List of Heads of State of Cameroon (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Cameroon Politics of Cameroon Heads of Government of Cameroon Colonial Heads of Cameroon British Cameroon Heads of Government of British Cameroon Colonial Heads of French Cameroon Heads of Government of French... President Paul Biya of Cameroon with U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, New York, 16 September 2002 Paul Biya (born 13 February 1933) has been the President of Cameroon since 1982. ... List of Heads of Government of Cameroon (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Cameroun Republic Cameroon Federal Republic East Cameroon West Cameroon Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... Ephraïm Inoni - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, proclaimed by King George V, November 21, 1921. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is Canadas Head of State; Canada is one of sixteen Commonwealth realms, all of which share a single... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD, DUniv (honoris causa), D.Litt (honoris causa) , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haïti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... List of Heads of State of Cape Verde Affiliations:- See also:- Cape Verde Heads of Government of Cape Verde Colonial Heads of Cape Verde List of political parties in Cape Verde lists of incumbents Categories: Cape Verde | Lists of office-holders ... Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires (born April 29, 1934) is the socialist president of Cape Verde, since March 2001, succeeding António Mascarenhas Monteiro. ... The Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government in the archipelago country of Cape Verde. ... José Maria Pereira Neves (born March 28, 1960) is the Prime Minister of Cape Verde. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... List of Heads of State of Central African Republic and Central African Empire (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Central African Republic Central African Empire Heads of Government of the Central African Republic (and Central African Empire) Colonial Heads of Central Africa Lists of... François Bozizé Yangouvonda (born October 14, 1946) is the current President of the Central African Republic. ... List of Heads of Government of the Central African Republic (and Central African Empire) Affiliations:- See also:- Central African Republic Central African Empire Heads of State of the Central African Republic (and Central African Empire) Colonial Heads of Central Africa Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders | Central African... Élie Doté (born 1947?) is the current Prime Minister of the Central African Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... List of Heads of State of Chad (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Chad Heads of Government of Chad Colonial Heads of Chad lists of incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Lieutenant General Idriss Déby Itno (born in Fada in 1952) is the President of Chad and the head of the Patriotic Salvation Movement. ... The Prime Minister is the Chadian head of government. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile_(bordered). ... Flag of the President of Chile The President of Chile is both the chief of state and the head of government. ... Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (born September 29, 1951) is a center-left politician and the current President of Chile—the first woman to hold this position in the countrys history. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhÇ”xí, or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... This is a list of the persons that have been President of the Republic of Colombia and of the same territory under different names throughout history. ... Álvaro Uribe Vélez (born July 4, 1952) is the 43rd President of Colombia, first term 2002-2006, second term 2006-2010. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Holders of the post of President of Comoros. ... Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi (born 5 June 1958 in Mutsamudu) is a Comorian Islamic leader and politician from the island of Anjouan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... The current head of state in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaïre, is the interim president, Joseph Kabila. ... Joseph Kabila Kabange (born June 4, 1971), known commonly as Joseph Kabila, became president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after the assassination of his father Laurent-Désiré Kabila in January 2001. ... The Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: , Swahili: , Lingala: ) , is Congos Head of Government. ... Antoine Gizenga (born 5 October 1925) is a Congolese (DRC) politician, and the Prime Minister of the country since December 30, 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... List of Heads of State of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also Congo Republic of the Congo Heads of government of the Republic of the Congo Lists of office-holders This article is a stub. ... Time in Office 18 March 1977 – 3 April 1977 (part of the Military Committee of the Congolese Labour Party); 8 February 1979 – 3 August 1992 (first time); 25 October 1997 – Predecessor Marien Ngouabi (as a part of the Military Committee of the CLP); Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya (first time... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... The following table contains a list of the presidents and heads of state of Costa Rica since Central American independence from Spain and Mexico. ... Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez (born 13 September 1940, in Heredia, Costa Rica) is the current President of Costa Rica and the first Nobel Laureate to be elected as a Latin American nations president after winning the award. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office. ... Laurent Koudou Gbagbo (born May 31, 1945) is the president of Côte dIvoire (since 2000). ... The office of Prime Minister of Côte dIvoire was created in 1957. ... Guillaume Kigbafori Soro (born 8 May 1972) is a Ivorian rebel and political figure. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... The President of Croatia is the head of state. ... Stjepan Stipe Mesić (born December 24, 1934) is a Croatian politician. ... List of prime ministers/premiers in the Croatian Government Prime Minister is officially called President of the Government (Croatian: Predsjednik Vlade). ... Ivo Sanader [] (born June 8, 1953 in Split) is the current Prime Thief of Croatia (President of the Government). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... The President of Cuba is the Head of State of Cuba. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born June 3, 1931) is the Acting President of Cuba and First Vice President of the Cuban Council of State. ... Flag of the Prime Minister Prime Minister of Cuba is a term given to the President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born June 3, 1931) is the Acting President of Cuba and First Vice President of the Cuban Council of State. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus_(bordered). ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... Tassos Nikolaou Papadopoulos (Greek: Τάσσος Παπαδόπουλος) born January 7, 1934) has been the president of the Republic of Cyprus since 2003. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Flag of the President of the Czech Republic This is a list of presidents of the Czech Republic. ... Václav Klaus (IPA: ) (born 19 June 1941) is the second President of the Czech Republic and a former Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic, including the period when the republics territory was part of federative Czechoslovakia. ... Mirek Topolánek (born May 15, 1956 in Vsetín, Czechoslovakia, now Czech Republic) is current prime minister of Czech Republic, from Civic Democratic Party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ... Queen Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant and head of state of Denmark. ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... List of Heads of State of Djibouti Affiliations:- See also:- Djibouti Heads of Government of Djibouti French Territory of Afars and Issas (FTAI) French Somaliland Colonial Heads of Djibouti (French Somaliland) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh shake hands at the Presidential residence in Djibouti Ismaïl Omar Guelleh (born November 27, 1947) is the second president of Djibouti. ... List of Heads of Government of Djibouti (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Djibouti Heads of State of Djibouti French Territory of Afars and Issas (FTAI) French Somaliland Colonial Heads of Djibouti (French Somaliland) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Dileita Mohamed Dileita (born 1958) has been the Prime Minister of Djibouti since March 4, 2001. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dominica. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Dominica from 1978 to the present. ... Nicholas Joseph Orville Liverpool (born 1934) is the current president of Dominica since October 2, 2003. ... This page contains a list of prime ministers of Dominica. ... [[1]] Roosevelt Skerrit (born June 8, 1972) is a politician from Dominica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... This page contains a list of presidents of the Dominican Republic. ... Dr. Leonel Antonio Fernández Reyna (born 26 December 1953) is a Dominican politician and the current president of the Dominican Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... East Timor is an emerging democratic state, the newest in the world. ... Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão (born June 20, 1946), born José Alexandre Gusmão, is the first President of East Timor in Southeast Asia. ... The Prime Minister of East Timor is the head of government in East Timor. ... José Manuel Ramos Horta (born December 26, 1949) has been Foreign Minister of East Timor since independence in 2002, having previously been a spokesman for the East Timorese resistance in exile during the years of Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... // List of Heads of State of Ecuador and its precursor states (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... Rafael Correa Delgado (born 6 April 1963) is an Ecuadorian economist, former finance minister, and current president-elect. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the elected Head of State of Egypt. ... Muhammad Hosni Said Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسنى سيد مبارك Muḥammad ḤusnÄ« Mubārak), commonly known as Hosni Mubarak (Arabic: حسنى مبارك ḤusnÄ« Mubārak), has been the President of Egypt since 14 October 1981. ... // Prime Ministers of Egypt, 1857-present List of heads of government of Southern Region (Egypt) of the United Arab Republic Affiliations See also Egypt Rulers and heads of state of Egypt colonial heads of Egypt Lists of Incumbents Categories: ‪Egyptian Prime Ministers‬ | ‪Egypt-related lists‬ ... Dr. Ahmed Nazif (Arabic: أحمد نظيف ; born 8 July 1952 in Alexandria) has served as the Prime Minister of Egypt since 14 July 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... This page contains a list of presidents of El Salvador. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... List of Heads of State of Equatorial Guinea (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Equatorial Guinea Heads of Government of Equatorial Guinea Colonial Heads of Equatorial Guinea (Fernando Póo/Spanish Guinea) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders | Equatorial Guinea ... Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (born June 5, 1942) has been the President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979. ... The Prime Minister of Equatorial Guinea is nominally the head of government of that country, though most powers are in fact held by the president. ... Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea (born c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... List of Heads of State of Eritrea (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Political Affiliations See also Eritrea Heads of Government of Eritrea Provincial Heads of Eritrea Lists of incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders | Eritrea ... U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki shake hands in Eritrea Isaias Afewerki (born 2 February 1945) is the first president of Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia_(bordered). ... The President of Estonia is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia. ... Toomas Hendrik Ilves [IPA: toːmÉ‘s hendrik ilves] (born December 26, 1953) is an Estonian politician. ... The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariigi Peaminister) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... This page contains a list of heads of state of Ethiopia since 1974. ... Girma Wolde-Giorgis Lucha (born December 1924) is the President of Ethiopia. ... List of Heads of Government of Ethiopia (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also Ethiopia Rulers and Heads of State of Ethiopia List of Presidents of Ethiopia Lists of office-holders ... Meles Zenawi (Legesse Zenawi Asres) (Geez መለስ ዜናዊ meles zÄ“nāwÄ«) (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Fiji became a republic in 1987, when Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom formally abdicated as Queen of Fiji, following two military coups led by Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka. ... Ratu Josefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda, CF, MBE, (born December 29, 1920) has been the President of Fiji since 2007. ... Fiji received its independence in 1970. ... Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama Commodore Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama MSD, OStJ, Fijian Navy, popularly known as Frank Bainimarama, (born 27 April 1954) is the Commander of the Fijian Military Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... The President of Finland (Suomen Tasavallan Presidentti; Republiken Finlands President) is the Head of State of Finland. ... Tarja Kaarina Halonen (IPA: ) (born December 24, 1943, in Helsinki, Finland) is the President of Finland. ... The Prime Minister (Finnish Pääministeri, Swedish: Statsminister) is the head of government in Finland. ... Matti Taneli Vanhanen ( ) (born November 4, 1955, in Jyväskylä) is the current Prime Minister of Finland, as well as Chairman of the Centre Party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State. ... Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932) has served as the Gaullist President of France since he was first elected in 1995. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gabon. ... List of Heads of State of Gabon (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Sources http://www. ... El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba (born Albert-Bernard Bongo on 30 December 1935) became President of Gabon in 1967. ... List of Heads of Government of Gabon (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Sources http://www. ... Jean Eyeghe Ndong (born February 12, 1946) has been the Prime Minister of Gabon since 20 January 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_The_Gambia. ... List of Heads of State of The Gambia (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... Categories: People stubs | 1965 births ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia_(bordered). ... The President of Georgia (ge: საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი) is the head of the state and commander-in-chief of Georgia. ... Mikhail Saakashvili briefing the press at UN headquarters Mikhail Saakashvili (Georgian: მიხეილ სააკაშვილი) (born December 21, 1967, in Tbilisi) is a Georgian jurist and politician and the current President of Georgia. ... The Prime Minister of Georgia is the most senior minister within the Cabinet of the Republic of Georgia. ... Zurab Noghaideli (Georgian: ზურაბ ნოღაიდელი) (born October 22, 1964) is a Georgian politician and the current Prime Minister of the nation. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident, formerly Reichspräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... Horst Köhler ( â–¶(?), born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The federal head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ...   (IPA: ) (born in Hamburg, Germany, on July 17, 1954, as Angela Dorothea Kasner), is the Chancellor of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Prior to independence Ghana was the British Gold Coast colony. ... John Kofi Agyekum Kufuor (born in Kumasi December 8, 1938) is the current president of Ghana, since January 7, 2001. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... The flag of the President of Greece This is a list of presidents of Greece. ... Karolos Papoulias Karolos Papoulias (Greek: Κάρολος Παπούλιας) is the President of the Hellenic Republic, former minister and member of the Hellenic parliament. ... The Prime Minister of Greece (Πρωθυπουργός in Greek) is the head of government of the Hellenic Republic and the leader of the Greek cabinet. ... Konstantínos Alexandrou Karamanlís (Κωνσταντίνος Αλεξάνδρου Καραμανλής, in Greek; generally known as Costas Caramanlis, Costas Karamanlis, or Kóstas Karamanlís, born September 14, 1956) became Prime Minister of Greece on March 10, 2004 following his partys victory in the March 7 parliamentary elections. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Grenada. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Flag of the Governor-General of Grenada This page contains a list of Governors-General of Grenada. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Daniel Charles Williams (born 1935) is the current Governor-General of Grenada. ... This is a list of Chief Ministers and Prime Ministers of Grenada: Chief Minister Eric Gairy (1954-1956, 1958-1960) Herbert A. Blaize (1960-1961) George E. D. Clyne (1961) Eric Gairy (1961-1962) Herbert A. Blaize (1962-1967) Prime Minister Eric Gairy (1967-1979) Maurice Bishop (1979-[[1983] Herbert... Keith Claudiass Mitchell (born November 12, 1946) is the Prime Minister of Grenada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... The title of President of Guatemala has been the usual title of the leader of Guatemala since 1851, when that title was assumed by José Rafael Carrera, who had been acting as head of government as general and caudillo since 1840. ... Pres. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea. ... List of Heads of State of Guinea (Dates in italics indicated de facto continuation of office) For Colonial Heads prior to independence, see: Colonial Heads of Guinea See also Guinea Heads of Government of Guinea Colonial Heads of Guinea lists of incumbents Categories: Guinea | Lists of office-holders ... Lansana Conté (born 1934) has been the President of Guinea since 3 April 1984. ... The role of Head of Government of Guinea is fulfilled by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President of Guinea. ... Lansana Kouyaté (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... List of Heads of State of Guinea-Bissau (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) See also Guinea-Bissau Heads of Government of Guinea-Bissau Colonial Heads of Portuguese Guinea Colonial Heads of Bissau Colonial Heads of Cacheu lists of incumbents List of national leaders Categories: Lists of... João Bernardo Vieira João Bernardo Nino Vieira (born 27 April 1939 in Bissau) has been President of Guinea-Bissau since 1 October 2005. ... List of Heads of Government of Guinea-Bissau Categories: Guinea-Bissau ... Martinho Ndafa Kabi (born September 17, 1957[1]) has been the Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau since 13 April 2007. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... This page lists presidents of Guyana since 1970. ... Pres. ... This page lists chief ministers and prime ministers of Guyana. ... Samuel Archibald Anthony Hinds (born December 27, 1943) is the Prime Minister of Guyana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... This page lists presidents and other heads of state of Haiti. ... René Garcia Préval (born January 17, 1943 in Port-au-Prince) is currently the President of Haïti. ... Category: ... Jacques-Edouard Alexis (born 21 September 1947 in Gonaïves) is the prime minister of Haiti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Honduras. ... This page lists presidents of Honduras. ... José Manuel Zelaya Rosales, also known as Mel Zelaya, (born September 20, 1952) is the President of Honduras since January 27, 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... This is a list of all rulers of the Kingdom of Hungary since Árpád. ... László Sólyom, President of Hungary László Sólyom (pronounced ) born on January 3, 1942 is the President of Hungary, having overcome the Hungarian Socialist Party nominee Katalin Szili in the election on June 7, 2005. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Hungary: Prime Ministers of Hungary, 1848-1849 Count Lajos Batthyány: 17 March - 2 October 1848 Baron Ádám Récsey: 3 October - 26 November 1848 Lajos Kossuth: 26 November 1848 - 11 August 1849 Bertalan Szemere: 11 August - 13 August 1849 Prime...   (pronounced []; born in Pápa, June 4, 1961) is the Prime Minister of Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... The President of Iceland (Icelandic: Forseti Íslands) is Icelands elected head of state. ... Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson ( ) (born 14 May 1943, in Ísafjörður, Iceland) is the fifth and current President of Iceland, from 1996 to present, re-elected unopposed in 2000, and was re-elected for a third term in 2004. ... The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Icelands head of government. ... Geir Hilmar Haarde (born April 8, 1951) is an Icelandic politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... The President of India is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... This biographical article cites very few or no references or sources. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... Dr. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: , Hindi: , literal translation: Charming) is the 17th and current Prime Minister of India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia_(bordered). ... Flag of the President of Indonesia Note 1: Sukarno lost his executive powers on 1966 March 11, but he was not stripped of his presidential title by the Indonesian parliament until one year and one day later. ... General (ret. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the highest ranking political authority of the nation (see Guardianship of the jurists (doctrine)). Other Persian terms include the Valiye-Faqih (sometimes shortened to Faqih) or the Jurisprudent... Ayatollah redirects here. ... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی کس ننه ای Ä€yatollāh Seyyed `AlÄ« ḤoseynÄ« KhāmeneÄ«) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[1] is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ... The President of Iran holds a very important office in Irans political establishment. ...   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... The President of Iraq is Iraqs head of state. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1959) The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraqs head of government. ... Nouri Kamel Mohammed Hassan al-Maliki (Arabic: نوري كامل المالكي, transliterated NÅ«rÄ« Kāmil al-MālikÄ«; born c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_(bordered). ... Official Seal of the President of Ireland Mary McAleese, the current President of Ireland. ... Mary Patricia McAleese (Irish name Máire Mhic Ghiolla Íosa; born 27 June 1951) is the eighth, and current, President of Ireland. ... The Taoiseach ( or [1]) — plural: Taoisigh ( or [1]) — or, more formally, An Taoiseach[2], is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet, the rough equivalent of a prime minister under the Westminster System. ... Patrick Bartholomew Ahern (known as Bertie Ahern, Irish: ; born 12 September 1951 in Dublin) is an Irish politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... President of the State of Israel (Hebrew: , Nesí Hamdiná, literally: The President of the State) is the Head of state of Israel. ... Moshe Katsav (Hebrew: ‎; born December 5, 1945) is the eighth and current President of Israel (since 2000). ... Dalia Itzik (Hebrew: ‎; born October 20, 1952) is the current speaker of the Israeli Knesset and Acting President of Israel. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Ehud Olmert (IPA ; Hebrew:אהוד אולמרט; born September 30, 1945) is the 12th and current Prime Minister of Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This is the list of Presidents of the Italian Republic with the title since 1948. ... Giorgio Napolitano (born June 29, 1925), is an Italian politician and former lifetime senator, the eleventh and current President of the Italian Republic. ... The prime minister of Italy is officially the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: ). // List Kingdom of Italy Italian Republic See also List of Presidents of the Italian Republic Politics of Italy History of Italy Italian Minister of the Interior Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Italian Minister of Defense...   (born 9 August 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The flag of the Governor-General of Jamaica The Governor General of Jamaica is Jamaicas defacto head of state. ... Kenneth Hall (born 1941) is the current governor-general of Jamaica. ... == List of Prime Ministers of Jamaica == == Modified Wednesday, November 9, 2005 1 Sir William Alexander Bustamante (JLP) Term: Aug. ... Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Simpson-Miller (born c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... Emperor Akihito reads the Speech from the Throne to the Japanese Diet His Imperial Majesty Akihito (明仁) (born December 23, 1933) is the current and 125th Emperor of Japan. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the usual English-language term used for the head of government of Japan, although the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Prime Minister of the Cabinet. ... Shinzo Abe , pronounced (ah-beh)  , born September 21, 1954) is the current Prime Minister of Japan, elected by a special session of the National Diet on September 26, 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Hashemite is the Anglicised version of the Arabic: هاشمي (transliteration: Hashemi) and traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or clan of Hashem, a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. ... King Abdullah and Queen Rania Mexico. ... Categories: Jordan | Prime Ministers of Jordan ... Dr. Marouf Suleiman al-Bakhit (Arabic: معروف البخيت), also known as Marouf al-Bakheet (born 1947) is the Prime Minister of Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... List of Presidents of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (1990 - present) Politics of Kazakhstan Categories: | | | | ... Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев [Nûrsûltan Äbîshûlâ Nazarbayev]; Russian: Нурсултан Абишевич Назарбаев [Nursultan Abishyevic Nazarbayev] (born 6 July 1940 in Chemolgan, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union) has served as the President of Kazakhstan since the Fall of the Soviet Union and the nations independence in 1991. ... This is a list of prime ministers and heads of government of Kazakhstan and its predecessor republic of the Soviet Union. ... Karim Masimov is the Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ... List of the Heads of State of Kenya See also Kenya Heads of Government of Kenya Colonial Heads of Kenya lists of incumbents Categories: Kenya | Lists of office-holders ... Mwai Kibaki (born November 15, 1931) is Kenyas third president, an economist, and a political leader. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... List of Presidents of Kiribati (beretitenti) Categories: | ... Anote Tong (in Chinese, 湯安諾; pinyin: Tāng Ä€nnuò — his family name is of Chinese origin but it is now considered as Gilbertese by Kiribati people) (born 1952) is the president of Kiribati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Kim Il-sung (15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the leader of North Korea from its founding in 1948 until his death, when he was succeeded by his son Kim Jong-il. ... The Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea is the supreme commander of the North Korean military and the most powerful person in the North Korea. ... Kim Jong-il (also written as Kim Jong Il) (born February 16, 1942) is the leader of North Korea. ... Kim Yong Nam is the current Chairman of the Presidium of the [[Supreme Categories: Korea-related stubs ... Kim Yong Nam (born 1928) is a North Korean official. ... The current Premier of North Korea is Pak Pong-ju. ... Kim Yong-Il - a minister of Land and Marine Transport. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea_(bordered). ... The President is head of state of South Korea. ... Roh Moo-hyun (born September 1 (August 6 in lunar calendar), 1946) has been the President of South Korea since February 25, 2003. ... The Prime Minister of South Korea is appointed by the President with the National Assemblys approval. ... Han Duck Soo (born 1949) served as acting Prime Minister of South Korea from 14 March 2006 to 19 April 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... This is an (incomplete) list of emirs of Kuwait: The Sabah dynasty came to power in 1752, before which date the Bani Khalid tribe ruled the region. ... Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah with U.S. president George W. Bush at the White House His Highness Sheikh Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح Sabāh al-Ahmad al-Jābir as-Sabāh; born 1929) is the Emir of Kuwait. ... Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah: (13 Jul 2003 - present) ... Sheikh Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah is the Prime minister of the state of Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... The President of Kyrgyzstan is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic. ... Kurmanbek Saliyevich Bakiyev (Russian: Курманбек Салиевич Бакиев - variously transliterated; born 1 August 1949) is the President of Kyrgyzstan. ... List of Prime Ministers of Kyrgyzstan Nasirdin Isanov (1991-08-30 - 1991-11-29) Andrei Iordan (1991-11-29 - 1992-02-10) Tursunbek Chyngyshev (1992-02-10 - 1992-02-26), acting Tursunbek Chyngyshev (1992-02-26 - 1993-12-13) Almanbet Matubraimov (1993-12-13 - 1993-12-14), acting Apas Jumagulov... Almazbek Atambayev (Атамбаев Алмазбек Шаршенович) has been the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan since 29 March 2007. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... The office of the President of Laos was created after the downfall of the monarchy of the country, and a member of the old ruling family was the first president. ... Lt. ... This is a list of prime ministers of Laos Luang Prabang 1941–1945: Prince Phetsarath Kingdom (1945–1975) 1945–1946: Prince Phaya Khammao (chair of the provisional government) 1946–1947: Prince Kindavong 1947–1948: Prince Souvannarath 1948–1950: Prince Boun Oum 1950–1951: Phoui Sananikone 1951–1954: Prince Souvanna Phouma... Bouasone Bouphavanh (born June 3, 1954 in Ban Tao Poun, Muang Salavan, Salavan Province) is the prime minister of Laos. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... See also: Lists of office-holders Categories: | ... Vaira VÄ«Ä·e-Freiberga (left) with Condoleezza Rice Dr. Vaira VÄ«Ä·e-Freiberga (born December 1, 1937 in Riga, Latvia) is the current and first female President of Latvia. ... The Prime Minister of Latvia is the most powerful member of the Latvian government, and presides over the Latvian cabinet. ... Aigars KalvÄ«tis (born June 27, 1966) is a Latvian politician and the current Prime Minister of Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... This page lists presidents of Lebanon. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This page lists prime ministers of Lebanon. ... Fouad Siniora (alternative spellings: Fouad Sanyoura, Fuad Siniora, Fouad Saniora, Fouad Seniora) (Arabic: ‎, Fuād As-SanyÅ«rah) is the Prime Minister of Lebanon, a position he assumed on 19 July 2005, succeeding Najib Mikati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lesotho. ... Royal Standard of the King of Lesotho This page lists Paramount Chiefs and Kings of Lesotho. ... Letsie III (original name David Mohato Bereng Seeiso) (born July 17, 1963) is the king of Lesotho. ... List of the Heads of Government of Lesotho Political Parties ... Pakalitha Bethuel Mosisili (born 1945) is the Prime Minister of Lesotho, and has been since May 29, 1998. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... The following is a list of Presidents of the Republic of Liberia, made up of the 24 heads of state in the history of Liberia. ... Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (born October 29, 1938) is the current president of Liberia and Africas first elected female head of state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Jamahiriya (Arabic جماهيرية) is an Arabic term generally translated as state of the masses. ... Zentani Muhammad az-Zentani is the president of Libya, and has been since 1992. ... Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi 1 — pronounced Gaddafi — (Arabic: معمر القذافي ) (born c. ... Libyan prime minister, Baghdadi Mahmudi Dr Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi (born 1945?) was appointed prime minister of Libya in March 2006, in succession to Shukri Ghanem. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liechtenstein. ... On 15 August 2004, Hans Adam II formally delegated the power to make decisions in Liechtenstein to his son, Alois of Liechtenstein. ... His Serene Highness Hans-Adam II (Johannes Hans Adam Ferdinand Aloys Josef Maria Marko dAviano Pius), styled HSH The Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (born February 14, 1945), is the son of Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein (1906-1989) and his wife Gina von Wilczek (1921-1989). ... His Serene Highness Hereditary Prince Alois Philipp Maria von und zu Liechtenstein (born 11 June 1968) has been Regent of Liechtenstein (Stellvertreter des Fürsten) since 15 August 2004. ... List of Liechtenstein Heads of Government See also: Politics of Liechtenstein, list of Princes of Liechtenstein, lists of incumbents Categories: Liechtenstein | Lists of office-holders ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Early Lithuania The Grand Duchy of Lithuania Title: Kunigaikštis or Didysis Kunigaikštis (The Great Duke in Lithuanian) Mindaugas, 1238-1263 also crowned as a King Treniota, 1263-1264 Vaišvilkas (Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas), 1264-1267 Švarnas (Svarnas, Shvarno), 1267-1269... President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ... The Prime Minister of Lithuania is the head of the executive arm of Lithuanias government, and is chosen by the Lithuanian parliament. ... Gediminas Kirkilas ( (help· info), born on August 30, 1951 in Vilnius) is the current Prime Minister of Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy whose Head of State is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (or Grand Duchess of Luxembourg in the exceptional but twice occurred event of the sovereign being female). ... His Royal Highness Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri Albért Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume (born April 6, 1955) is the hereditary ruler of Luxembourg. ... See also: Politics of Luxembourg, List of Grand Dukes of Luxembourg, Lists of incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Jean-Claude Juncker Jean-Claude Juncker (born December 9, 1954) is the Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Luxembourg, and until July 1, 2005, was president of the European Council, a position he also previously held in 1997. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... The Macedonian Presidency began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on September 18, 1991, and its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world up until his resignation as president in 1999. ... Missing image Image:.jpg Branko Crvenkovski in Macedonian Бранко Црвенковски is the President of the Republic of Macedonia. ... List of Prime Ministers of the Republic of Macedonia See also President of the Republic of Macedonia Categories: | ... Nikola Gruevski was the Minister of Finance in the VMRO-DPMNE government led by Ljubco Georgievski until September 2002. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar_(bordered). ... This page contains a list of presidents of Madagascar. ... Marc Ravalomanana (born December 12, 1949 in Imerinkasinina) is a Malagasy politician. ... List of the Heads of Government of Madagascar Notes Under house arrest from 27 May 2002. ... Charles Rabemananjara (born June 9, 1947[1]) is the current prime minister of Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malawi. ... List of Heads of State of Malawi Affiliations:- MCP = Malawi Congress Party - nationalist, authoritarian, sole legal party 1966-1993 UDF = United Democratic Front - liberal For colonial heads prior to independence see: Colonial Heads of Malawi (Nyasaland) See also- Heads of Government of Malawi lists of incumbents Categories: Lists of office... President Bingu wa Mutharika addressing the United Nations General Assembly. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Flag of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Duli Yang Maha Mulia Al Wathiqu Billah, Al-Sultan Ibni Almarhum Al-Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Al-Haj is the 17th sultan of the state of Terengganu, Malaysia, and the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, or King of Malaysia. ... The Prime Minister of Malaysia (in Malay Perdana Menteri) is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... The Malay language has a complex system of titles and honorifics which is still extensively used in Malaysia and Brunei. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... The President of the Maldives is the ceremonial head of state and first citizen of Maldives and the supreme commander of the Maldivian armed forces. ... Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (Dhivehi: Þ‰Þ¦Þ‡ÞªÞ‰Þ«Þ‚Þª އަބްދުލް ÞŽÞ¦Þ‡Þ°Þ”Þ«Þ‰Þ°) (born December 29, 1937), has been the president of the Republic of Maldives since November 11, 1978, having succeeded Ibrahim Nasir. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... List of Heads of State of Mali Affiliations:- ADM = Adema Alliance pour la Démocratie en Mali-Parti Pan-Africain pour la Liberté, la Solidarité et la Justice (Alliance for Democracy in Mali-Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice) -centrist CCD = Coalition for Change and Democracy PARENA = Party... Amadou Toumani Touré Amadou Toumani Touré (b. ... List of Heads of Government of Mali Affiliations:- ADM = Adema Alliance pour la Démocratie en Mali-Parti Pan-Africain pour la Liberté, la Solidarité et la Justice (Alliance for Democracy in Mali-Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice) - centrist CCD = Coalition for Change and Democracy PARENA = Party... Ousmane Issoufi Maïga (born 1945 near Gao, Mali) is the prime minister of Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta_(bordered). ... The office of the President of Malta (Maltese: ), came into being on 13 December 1974, when Malta became a Commonwealth republic. ... Introduction Dr Edward Fenech-Adami, also known as Eddie, (born February 7, 1934) was the Prime Minister of Malta from 1987 until 1996 and from 1998 until 2004. ... The Prime Minister of Malta is the most powerful figure within the government of Malta, although the President of Malta has higher rank. ... Lawrence Gonzi Lawrence Gonzi (born July 1, 1953) is the Prime Minister and finance minister of Malta. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... List of Presidents of the Marshall Islands Categories: | ... Kessai Hesa Note (born August 7, 1950 in Ailinglaplap) is the president of the Marshall Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... This page contains a list of Presidents and Heads of State of Mauritania. ... Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi (Arabic: ‎) (born 1938[1]) is a Mauritanian politician. ... ... Zeine Ould Zeidane (born 1966) is a Mauritanian economist and politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Mauritius. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anerood Jugnauth with George W. Bush From: Jai Ramdin mailto:[email protected] ... List of Heads of Governments of Mauritius (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Political Affiliations MMM - Mauritian Militant Movement (Mouvement Militant Mauricien) MSM - Militant Socialist Movement (Mouvement Socialist Mauricien) PI - Independence Party (Parti de lIndépendance) PTr - Mauritius Labour Party (Parti Travailliste) See also: Lists of... Navinchandra Ramgoolam (नवीन चन्‍द्र रामगुलाम) (born July 13, 1947) is the current Prime Minister of the Republic of Mauritius. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... The following is a list of the Presidents of the Federated States of Micronesia: Tosiwo Nakayama (1979–1987) John Haglelgam (1987–1991) Bailey Olter (1991–1997) Jacob Nena (1997–1999, acting for Olter from November 8, 1996) Leo Falcam (1999–2003) Joseph J. Urusemal (2003–) Categories: | ... Immanuel Manny Mori (born December 25, 1948) is the current President of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... The President of Moldova is elected every four years, and has been since 1992. ... Vladimir Nicolae Voronin (born May 25, 1941) is the current President of the Republic of Moldova. ... This is a list of the Prime Ministers of Moldova. ... Vasile Petru Tarlev (born October 6, 1963) is the Prime Minister of Republic of Moldova. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Monaco_(bordered). ... The following is a chronological list of rulers of Monaco. ... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born 14 March 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... The Minister of State is the head of government of Monaco. ... Jean-Paul Proust (born 1940) is the current Minister of State of Monaco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... The President of Mongolia is the head of state of Mongolia. ... Nambaryn Enkhbayar (Mongolian: ; born June 1, 1958, in Ulaanbaatar) is the current President of Mongolia. ... The Prime Minister of Mongolia is the highest member of the Mongolian governments executive arm, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized... The President of Montenegro is the head of state of the Republic of Montenegro. ... Filip Vujanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Филип Вујановић) (born September 1, 1954 in Belgrade, Serbia, Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia) is a politician who since 2003 has served as the President of Montenegro, and is the first president of the worlds newest country from May 2006. ... Prime Minister of Montenegro, full title: Predsjednik Vlade Republike Crne Gore (President of the Government of the Republic of Montenegro) is the leader of the Government of Montenegro. ... Željko Å turanović Željko Å turanović (Serbian: , born 31 January 1960 in NikÅ¡ić, Peoples Republic of Montenegro, Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia) is a politician and likely the new Prime Minister of Montenegro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... This is a partial list of Kings of Morocco. ... US President George W. Bush talks with His Majesty King Mohammed VI of Morocco in the Oval Office Tuesday, April 23 2002 His Majesty King Mohammed VI (Arabic: الملك محمد السادس للمغرب) a. ... The Prime Minister is the head of the government of Morocco. ... Moroccan Prime Minister Driss Jettou Driss Jettou (Arabic: إدريس جطو) (born May 24, 1945 in El Jadida) is the Prime Minister of Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... List of Heads of State of Mozambique The official residence is the Palácio da Ponta Vermelha. ... President Armando Guebuza Armando Emílio Guebuza (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... The State Peace and Development Council (Burmese: ; IPA: ; abbreviated SPDC) is the official name of the military regime of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Prime Minister of Myanmar is a high-ranking official in the government of Myanmar (or Burma). ... General Soe Win (born 1948?) is the Prime Minister of Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Namibia. ... Hifikepunye Pohamba Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (born August 18, 1935) is the second and current President of Namibia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... The president of Nauru is elected by Parliament from amongst its members. ... Ludwig Derangadage Scotty was President of the Republic of Nauru from May 29, 2003 to August 8, 2003, and is again President since June 22, 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Royal Standard of Nepal The king of Nepal is known as the Raja; his Queen is known as the Rani. ... Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra VÄ«ra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) is the present King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ... The position of Prime Minister of Nepal was created in 1799. ... Girija Prasad Koirala at the UN Summit Girija Prasad Koirala (born 1921) is the incumbent Prime Minister of Nepal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (born as Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau, Prinses der Nederlanden, Prinses van Oranje-Nassau, Prinses van Lippe-Biesterfeld) (born January 31, 1938) has been the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since April 30, 1980. ... The prime minister of the Netherlands is the head of the cabinet, and, as such, coordinates the policy of the government. ... Dr. Jan Peter Balkenende   (born on 7 May 1956), has served as Prime Minister of The Netherlands since 22 July 2002. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... The Governor-General of New Zealand is the representative of the Sovereign in right of New Zealand (currently, Queen Elizabeth II). ... Anand Satyanand with Dame Silvia Cartwright Wikinews has news related to: New Governor-General of New Zealand announced Anand Satch[1] Satyanand, PCNZM (born 22 July 1944 in Auckland) is the Governor-General of New Zealand. ... The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealands head of government and is the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand. ... For other persons named Helen Clark, see Helen Clark (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... This article is about the President of Nicaragua, for the 2006 presidential election results see: Nicaraguan general election, 2006 History of Nicaragua Presidentes de Nicaragua Categories: | ... José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born 11 November 1945) is the current President of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Niger. ... Tandja Mamadou (born 1938) is a Niger politician and current President. ... List of Heads of Government of Niger Affiliations See also Niger Heads of State of Niger Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders | Niger ... Hama Amadou (born 1950) is the Prime Minister of Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... Flag of the President of Nigeria This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Nigeria since 1963. ... Matthew Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR[1] (IPA: /ɒˈluʃɛguːŋ É’bˈæsændÊ’o/[2]) (born circa March 5, 1937) is a retired Nigerian Army General and President of Nigeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... This article is a list of rulers of Norway up until the present, including: The Norwegian kingdom (with the Faroe Islands) The Union with Iceland and Greenland (1262-1814) The Norwegian kingdom (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands 1262-1814) The Union of Sweden and Norway (1319-1343) The... Harald V, King of Norway (born February 21, 1937) is the monarch of Norway. ... This is a list of Viceroys (Rigsstatholder) and Prime Ministers (statsminister) of Norway. ... Jens Stoltenberg (born March 16, 1959) is a Norwegian economist, leader (since 2002) of the Norwegian Labour Party and the current Prime Minister of Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman_(bordered). ... This is a list of Sultans of Oman. ... Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born November 18, 1940 in Salalah) is the current Sultan of Oman. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan_(bordered). ... The President of Pakistan (UrdÅ«: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mamlikat) is Head of State of Pakistan. ... (PA – 6920) General Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: پرويز مشرف); born August 11, 1943) is the President, the Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army and the fourth Pakistani General to govern the country in the wake of a coup. ... The Prime Minister of Pakistan (Urdu: وزیر اعظم Wazir-e- Azam) is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ... Shaukat Aziz (Urdu: شوکت عزیز), born March 6, 1949 Karachi, Pakistan is the current Prime Minister and Finance Minister of Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... List of Presidents of Palau See also Vice-President of Palau Categories: | ... Thomas Esang Remengesau, Jr. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... This page lists presidents of Panama since 1903. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor-General of Papua New Guinea is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, known in Tok Pisin as Missis Kwin, Papua New Guineas head of state, performing the same duties as the Queen in the United Kingdom. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Paulias Matane (born 1931) is the governor-general of Papua New Guinea since June 29, 2004. ... List of Prime Ministers of Papua New Guinea Sir Michael Somare (1975-1980) Sir Julius Chan (1980-1982) Sir Michael Somare (1982-1985) Paias Wingti (1985-1988) Sir Rabbie Namaliu (1988-1992) Paias Wingti (1992-1994) Sir Julius Chan (1994-1997) Bill Skate (1997-1999) Sir Mekere Morauta (1999-2002... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... This is a list of Presidents of Paraguay and holders of its predecessor offices. ... Categories: Stub | 1956 births | Presidents of Paraguay ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Established in the Constitution of 1993, the President of the Republic is the Chief of the State and represents the republic in official international matters. ... Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (born May 23, 1949 in Lima) is the current President of Peru after winning the 2006 elections on June 4, 2006 in a run-off against Union for Peru candidate Ollanta Humala. ... // Prime Ministers of Peru (1963–1980) The Morales Bermúdez Administration (1975–1980) Prime Ministers of Peru (1980–2000) The Belaunde 2th Administration (1980–1985) The Garcia Administration (1985–1990) The Fujimori Administration (1990–2000) Prime Ministers of Peru (2000–2020) The Paniagua Administration (2000–2001) The Toledo Administration (2000... Jorge Alfonso Alejandro del Castillo Gálvez (Lima, July 2, 1950) is a Peruvian lawyer and politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The young Gloria Macapagal (far right) and her family; when this picture was taken, her father Diosdado was the President of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ...  , (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Poland. ...   (born June 18, 1949) has been the Prime Minister of Poland since July 2006 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2001. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... Aníbal António Cavaco Silva (pron. ... Prime Ministers of the Constitutional Monarchy (1834-1910) First Republic Military Dictatorship Estado Novo Third Republic See also: List of Presidents of Portugal, Politics of Portugal, Lists of incumbents This article contains content from HierarchyPedia article Prime Minister of Portugal, used here under the GNU Free Documentation License. ... José Sócrates de Carvalho Pinto de Sousa, GCIH (pron. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar_(bordered). ... This is a list of emirs of Qatar: The emirs of Qatar are members of the Al-Thani dynasty and the state of Qatar was founded in 1868 by Muhammad bin Thani as a sheikhdom. ... His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني) (born in 1950 in Doha, Qatar) is the current Emir of Qatar. ... Sheikh Khalifah ibn Hamad Al Thani: (29 May 1970 - 27 Jun 1995) Sheikh Hamad ibn Khalifah Al Thani: (27 Jun 1995 - 29 Oct 1996) Sheikh Abdullah ibn Khalifah Al Thani :(29 Oct 1996 - present). ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... His Excellency Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassim Bin Jabr Al-Thani First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Curriculum Vitae : Date of Birth: - 1959. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. ... Nicolae Văcăroiu (born on December 5, 1943 in Cetatea Albă, now Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi in Ukraine) is a Romanian politician, member of the Social Democratic Party, who served as Prime Minister between 1992 and 1996. ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Romanian history | Romanian Prime Ministers ... Călin Constantin Anton Popescu-Tăriceanu () (born January 14, 1952) is a Romanian politician, the current Prime Minister of Romania — since December 28, 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... The President of Russia (ru: Президент России is the highest position within the Government of Russia. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the incumbent President of Russia. ... The Prime Minister of Russia is the current Head of Government of the Russian Federation. ... Mikhail Yefimovich Fradkov (Russian: Михаи́л Ефи́мович Фрадко́в) (born September 1, 1950) is a Russian politician, and the current Prime Minister of Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Rwanda. ... Paul Kagame (born October 23, 1957) is the current President of Rwanda and the founder of the Rwandan Patriotic Front. ... List of the Heads of Government of Rwanda See Also: List of incumbents, List of Presidents of Rwanda, List of Kings of Rwanda. ... Bernard Makuza (born 1961) is the current Prime Minister of Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This article lists Governors-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... His Excellency Dr. Sir Cuthbert Montraville Sebastian, GCMG, OBE, MDCM (born October 22, 1921) is the Governor-General of St. ... This page lists prime ministers of Saint Kitts and Nevis. ... Denzil Llewellyn Douglas (born January 14, 1953) is the Prime Minister of St Kitts and Nevis. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The flag of the Governor-General of Saint Lucia This page lists Governors-General of Saint Lucia. ... Dame is the female equivalent of address to Sir for a British knighthood. ... Dame Calliopa Pearlette Louisy (born 10th October 1946) is the Governor-General of St. ... This page lists Prime Ministers of Saint Lucia. ... Sir John George Melvin Compton, KBE PC (born 1926), is the current Prime Minister of Saint Lucia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The flag of the Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines The position of Governors-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was created in 1979 when the islands gained independence as a Commonwealth realm. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Frederick Nathaniel Ballantyne is the Governor-General of St. ... This page lists chief ministers and prime minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Ralph Everard Gonsalves (born August 8, 1946), also known as Comrade Ralph, is the Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... O le Ao o le Malo is the Samoan head of state, which is the titles roughly translation. ... Malietoa Tanumafili II (born January 4, 1913) is the head of state (O le Ao o le Malo) of Samoa. ... List of Prime Ministers of Samoa Categories: | ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino_(bordered). ... Every 6 months, the Great and General Council of San Marino elects two Captains Regent to be the heads of state. ... Image © soccer-europe. ... Alessandro Rossi can refer to: Alessandro Rossi of San Marino-Captains Regent of San Marino. ... Fiorenzo Stolfi (born 1956) is the minister of foreign and political affairs of San Marino. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... ... President Fradique de Menezes Fradique de Menezes (born March 21, 1942) is the President of São Tomé and Príncipe (2001 - 2003, 2003 - present). ... List of Prime Ministers of São Tomé and Príncipe Political Affiliation See also São Tomé and Príncipe Heads of State of São Tomé and Príncipe Presidents of the Regional Government of Príncipe Colonial Heads of São Tomé and Príncipe Lists of... Tomé Vera Cruz (born 1955?) has been Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe since 21 April 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... This is a list of kings of Saudi Arabia: King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud) (1902/1932-1953) King Saud, son of King Abdul Aziz (1953-1964) King Faisal, son of King Abdul Aziz (1964-1975) King Khalid, son of King Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) King Fahd, son of King Abdul... The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (Arabic: , born August 1, 1924) [2] is the King of Saudi Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Senegal. ... Abdoulaye Wade (born May 29, 1926 in Kébémer[2]) is the third and current President of Senegal, in office since 2000. ... The Prime Minister of Senegal is the head of government of Senegal. ... Chérif Macky Sall (born 1961) is the Prime Minister of Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state)_(bordered). ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Standard flag of President of Serbia Current Serbian President Boris Tadić The President of Serbia is the head of state of the Republic of Serbia. ... Boris Tadić   (Борис Тадић) (born 15 January 1958) is the President of Serbia. ... List of Prime Ministers of Serbia Current Prime Minister of Serbia is Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica. ... Dr. Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica   (Serbian Cyrillic: Војислав Коштуница) (pronounced , born March 24, 1944, Belgrade, Yugoslavia, now Serbia) is the current Prime Minister of Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Seychelles. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Seychelles. ... President James Alex Michel James Alex Michel (born August 18, 1944) has been the president of the Seychelles since April 14, 2004. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sierra_Leone. ... This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Sierra Leone since 1971. ... Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (born February 16, 1932) is the President of Sierra Leone (1996–1997, 1998–present). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore_(bordered). ... Flag of the President of Singapore - banner of arms The President of Singapore is the head of state. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia_(bordered). ... This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ... President Ivan GaÅ¡parovič Ivan GaÅ¡parovič (born March 27, 1941), Slovak politician and law professor, became President of Slovakia on June 15, 2004. ... Chairman/President of the Provisional Government for Slovakia (1918; within Czechoslovakia) Vavro Šrobár (4 November 1918 – 14 November 1918) – ceased with the adoption of the Czechoslovak constitution Chairman of the Revolutionary Governing Council of the Slovak Soviet Republic (1919; in rebellion in eastern Slovakia) Antonín... Robert Fico (15 September 1964 in Topoľčany) is the current Prime Minister of Slovakia (since July 4, 2006). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia_(bordered). ... Presidents of Slovenia: Milan Kučan (1990-2002) Janez Drnovšek (2002-2008) Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Janez DrnovÅ¡ek (pronounced: IPA,  ) (born May 17, 1950) is the current President of Slovenia and the former president of Yugoslavia. ... There have been five prime ministers of Slovenia since that country gained its independence in the breakup of Yugoslavia. ... Janez JanÅ¡a Janez JanÅ¡a (born September 17, 1958 as Ivan JanÅ¡a) is a Slovenian politician and chief of the Slovenian Democratic Party since 1995. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor-General of the Solomon Islands is the de facto Head of State of the Solomon Islands, representing Queen Elizabeth II, who is styled Queen of the Solomon Islands. ... Look up sir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sir Nathaniel Waena Rt Hon. ... List of Prime Ministers of the Solomon Islands Categories: | ... Religion: Jewish Manasseh Damukana Stein Sogavare (born 1954) is the current prime minister of the Solomon Islands as a member of the Peoples Progressive Party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... This page contains a list of the Presidents of Somalia. ... Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (Somali: ) (b. ... List of the Heads of Government of Somalia (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Political Affiliations SNL - Somali National League SRSP - Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party SYL - Somali Youth League USC - United Somali Congress Mil - Military n-p - Non-partisan See also History of Somalia Presidents of Somalia... Prof. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... The President of South Africa, in full, the President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under South Africas Constitution. ... Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18, 1942) is the President of the Republic of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ... Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) was born on January 5, 1938 in Rome and is the reigning King (Rey de España) and head of state of Spain. ... Today, Spain is a monarchy, and there is thus no person holding the title of President of Spain. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state and dominant political figure in Sri Lanka. ... Mahinda Rajapaksa Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945), Sri Lankan politician, became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka on April 6, 2004, following the victory of the United Peoples Freedom Alliance in the April 2, 2004 Sri Lankan legislative elections. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... This page contains a list of presidents and other heads of state of Sudan. ... Field Marshal Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن احمد البشير ; born 1 January 1944) is President of Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Suriname. ... This page lists presidents of Suriname. ... Ronald Runaldo Venetiaan (born June 18, 1936) is a mathematician[citation needed] and the current president of Suriname. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Swaziland. ... This page contains a list of Paramount Chiefs and Kings (Ngwenyamas) of Swaziland. ... Mswati III (born Makhosetwe on April 19, 1968) is the king of Swaziland. ... List of the Heads of Government of Swaziland See Also: List of Kings of Swaziland, lists of incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Absalom Themba Dlamini (born 1950) is the current Prime Minister of Swaziland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Carl Gustaf redirects here. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ... John Fredrik Reinfeldt (IPA: ) (born August 4, 1965 in Österhaninge) is the current Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party (Swedish: ). A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairperson of... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... The Swiss Federal Council (German: , French: , Italian: , Romansh: ) is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the government as well as the head of state of Switzerland. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Moritz Leuenberger (born September 21, 1946) is a Swiss politician. ... Pascal Couchepin (born April 5, 1942) is a Swiss politician. ... The list of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation (1848-present) presents the presiding member of the Swiss Federal Council, Switzerlands seven-member executive. ... Samuel Schmid Samuel Schmid (born January 8, 1947) is a member of the Swiss Federal Council, heading the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports. ... Micheline Calmy-Rey (born July 8, 1945) is a Swiss politician. ... The list of Presidents of the Swiss Confederation (1848-present) presents the presiding member of the Swiss Federal Council, Switzerlands seven-member executive. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Christoph Blocher (born 11 October 1940) is a Swiss politician, industrialist and member of the Swiss Federal Council heading the Federal Department of Justice and Police. ... Hans-Rudolf Merz (born 10 November 1942) is a Swiss politician. ... Doris Leuthard (born 10 April 1963) is a Swiss politician, lawyer, member of the Swiss National Council (since 1999) and President of the Christian Democratic Peoples Party (CVP/PDC) (since 2004). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... This page lists presidents and other Heads of State of Syria. ... Dr Bashar al-Assad (Arabic: , ) OBE (born September 11, 1965) is the President of the Syrian Arab Republic, Regional Secretary of the Baath Party, and the son of former President Hafez al-Assad. ... This page lists prime ministers of Syria. ... Mohammed Naji al-Otari (born 1944) is the current Prime Minister of Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... This is a list of the Presidents of Tajikistan: Rakhmon Nabiyev (September 23, 1991 - October 6, 1991) Akbarsho Iskandrov (October 6, 1991 - December 2, 1991; acting) Rakhmon Nabiyev (December 2, 1991 - September 7, 1992) Akbarsho Iskandrov (September 7, 1992 - November 19, 1992; acting) Imamoli Rakhmanov (November 20, 1992 - present; as... Emomalii Rahmon (Tajik: (formerly Emomali Sharifovich Rahmonov, Эмомалӣ Шарифович Раҳмонов)[1]; born October 5, 1952) has served as the head of state since 1992 and the President of Tajikistan since 1994. ... 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General Surayud Chulanont (Thai: , RTGS: Surayut Chulanon, Nickname: Big Add) is the current Prime Minister of Thailand and head of Thailands Interim Government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Togo. ... Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé (born June 6, 1966), also known as Faure Eyadéma, has been the President of Togo since May 4, 2005; he was previously president for twenty days from February 5 to February 25, 2005. ... List of Heads of Government of Togo (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Political Affiliations CFN – Coordination of New Forces CPP – Patriotic Pan-African Convergence CUT – Committee of Togolese Unity PTP – Togolese Progress Party RPT – Rally of the Togolese People UTD &#8211... Yawovi Agboyibo (born 31 December 1943) has been Prime Minister of Togo since 20 September 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... The following monarchs have reigned since the formal creation of the Tongan monarchy in 1875. ... King George Tupou V (Tongan: Siaosi Tupou V, full name: Siaosi Tāufaʻāhau Manumataongo TukuÊ»aho Tupou V), (born 4 May 1948) is the current King of Tonga. ... List of Prime Ministers of Tonga: HRH Crown Prince Tevita Unga (1876–1880) Shirley W. Baker (1880–1890) Hon. ... Feleti Sevele is the Acting Prime Minister of Tonga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... The President of Trinidad and Tobago is the countrys head of state and commander in chief of the countrys armed forces. ... George Maxwell Richards, T.C., CMT, Ph. ... This page lists prime ministers of Trinidad and Tobago. ... Patrick Manning Patrick Augustus Mervyn Manning (born August 17, 1946) is the current Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Trinidad and Tobago and Political Leader of the Peoples National Movement (PNM). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Tunisia since 1957. ... Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (زين العابدين بن علي; born in Hammam-Sousse on September 3, 1936) is the President of the Republic of Tunisia since November 7, 1987 and only the second one since its Independence from France on March 20, 1956. ... The Prime Minister of Tunisia is the head of government of Tunisia. ... Mohamed Ghannouchi (born August 18, 1944) is the current (February 2005) Prime Minister of Tunisia, a position he has held since 17 November 1999. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Presidential flag of Turkey. ... Ahmet Necdet Sezer (born September 13, 1941 in Afyonkarahisar) is the tenth and current President of the Republic of Turkey. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ... Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan (born February 26, 1954), became the Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Turkmenistan local long form: none local short form: Turkmenistan former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Data code: TX Government type: republic Capital: Ashgabat Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan declared its independence on October 27, 1991. ... Gurbanguly Mälikgulyýewiç Berdimuhammedow (Russianized name: Курбанкули (or Гурбангулы) Мяликгулыевич Бердымухаммедов[1], born 1957) has been the President of Turkmenistan since December 21, 2006, when he became acting president following the death of Saparmurat Niyazov. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... 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Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine is appointed by the President and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). ... Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) (born on July 9, 1950 in Yenakiieve, Donetsk Oblast) is the Prime Minister of Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... . ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... Khalifa bin Zayed, president of the UAE. His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan (Arabic: ‎, born 1948) is the current president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... Holders of the post of Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic: الشيخ محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Republics with presidential systems are shown in blue A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay_(bordered). ... This is a list of Presidents of Uruguay. ... Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas (pron IPA: ) (born 17 January 1940) is the current President of Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... List of Presidents of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov (1991 - present) Last election See also Politics of Uzbekistan Categories: | | ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... According to the Constitution of Uzbekistan, the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan and the deputy ministers are appointed by the president. ... Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyayev (Mirziyoyev) (born 1957) is the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ... The President of Vanuatu is the chief of state of Vanuatu. ... Kalkot Mataskelekele is the President of Vanuatu since 2004. ... The Prime Minister of Vanuatu is the effective head of the government of Vanuatu. ... Ham Lini (born 1951?) is a politician in Vanuatu, who currently serves as Prime Minister of that country (since December 11, 2004). ... 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The Governor of Vatican City is concurrently the President of the Governatorate of Vatican City and sometimes called the President of Vatican City. ... Giovanni Lajolo Born January 3, 1935 in Novara, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... List of Presidents of Venezuela José Antonio Páez (1830-1835) José María Vargas (1835-1837) Carlos Soublette (1837-1839) José Antonio Páez (1839-1843) Carlos Soublette (1843-1847) José Tadeo Monagas (1847-1851) José Gregorio Monagas (1851-1855) José Tadeo Monagas (1855-1858) Julián Castro (1858... Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (IPA: ) (born July 28, 1954) is the current President of Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... The President of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nÆ°á»›c Việt Nam) is the head of state of Vietnam, although the functions of the President are often ceremonial. ... Nguyá»…n Minh Triết (born October 8, 1942 in Bến Cát district, Bình DÆ°Æ¡ng province) is the President of Vietnam. ... The Prime Minister of Vietnam is the head of the executive branch of the Vietnamese government. ... Nguyen Tan Dung (Nguyá»…n Tấn DÅ©ng) was First Deputy Prime Minister of Vietnam from 29 September 1997 to May 2006 . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Ali Abdullah Saleh (1990-present) See also: President of North Yemen, President of South Yemen Categories: Government stubs | Lists of office-holders | Yemen ... Field Marshal Ali Abdullah Saleh (Arabic: علي عبد الله صالح) (born March 21, 1942) is the current President of Yemen. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Yemen is the head of government in that country. ... Ali Mohammed Mujur (born 1953) has been the Prime Minister of Yemen since 31 March 2007; before that, he had been electricity minister. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Zambia. ... Levy Patrick Mwanawasa (born September 3, 1948) is the third President of Zambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Zimbabwe. ... Robert Gabriel Mugabe KCB (born 21 February 1924) is the President of Zimbabwe. ...

List of leaders of unrecognized countries

This list encompass the leaders of geo-political entities that lack general international recognition, or are only recognized by a minority of sovereign states. The degree of control these entities exert over their claimed territories may vary. Geopolitics analyses politics, history and social science with reference to geography. ... An entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. ... Diplomatic recognition, in international politics, is an act or statement on the part of a state acknowledging some degree of legitimacy of another state or government, and, typically, expressing its intent to bring into force the legal consequences of recognition. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ... An entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. ...

State Government Head of state Head of government
Abkhazia presidential republic President Sergei Bagapsh Prime-Minister Alexander Ankvab
Kosovo under cooperative administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo and the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government
Nagorno-Karabakh semi-presidential republic President Arkady Ghoukasyan Prime Minister Anushavan Danielyan
Northern Cyprus semi-presidential republic President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime-Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer
Palestine semi-presidential republic President Mahmoud Abbas6 Prime Minister Ismail Haniya
Somaliland presidential republic
South Ossetia semi-presidential republic President Eduard Djabeevich Kokoyty7 Prime Minister Yury Morozov
Tamil Eelam presidential republic
Taiwan (Republic of China) semi-presidential republic President Chen Shui-bian Premier Su Tseng-chang
Transnistria presidential republic
 Western Sahara (SADR) Largely occupied by Morocco, government in exile administers some territory. President Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Abkhazia. ... National anthem Aiaaira Official languages Abkhaz, with Russian having co-official status and widespread use by government and other institutions Political status De facto independent Capital Sukhumi Capitals coordinates President Sergei Bagapsh Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Georgia  23 July 1992  none Currency Russian ruble Official... List of Presidents of Abkhazia Vladislav Ardzinba (1994 – 2005) Sergei Bagapsh (2005 – present) See also: List of Prime Ministers of Abkhazia, List of foreign ministers of Abkhazia Categories: | ... Sergei Bagapsh (Abkhaz: )born 1949) is the president of the unrecognized, though de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia. ... The position of Prime Minister in the de facto independent (though not internationally recognized) republic of Abkhazia is second to only that of President. ... Alexander (or Aleksandr) Ankvab (born December 26, 1952) is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Abkhazia, formally part of Georgia but a self-declared independent state (although not recognised internationally). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... For uses of the name Kosova, see Kosova (disambiguation). ... The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United Nations. ... The Coat of Arms of the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) are institutions runing Kosovo in cooperation with the United Nations Interim Administrative Mission in Kosovo UNMIK. Resolution 1244 of the United Nations Security Council authorized the Secretary-General to establish an international civil... A special representative of the secretary general is someone who has been appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations. ... Joachim Rücker (born 30 May 1951, Germany) is an international civil servant from Germany. ... The President of Kosovo is elected by the Assembly of Kosovo. ... Fatmir Sejdiu President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu (born October 23, 1951) is the president of Kosova. ... Prime Minister of Kosovo is the head of the Government of Kosovo. ... Agim Çeku Agim Çeku (born 29 October 1960 in Peja/Peć [citation needed]) is the Prime Minister of Kosovo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... List of Presidents of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic See also Prime Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh Categories: | ... President of NKR, Arkady Ghoukasyan Arkady Arshavirovich Ghoukasyan (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¯Õ¡Õ¤Õ« Õ‚Õ¸Ö‚Õ¯Õ¡Õ½ÕµÕ¡Õ¶) is the President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. ... List of Prime Ministers of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic See also President of Nagorno-Karabakh Categories: | ... Anushavan Danielyan (born 1956) has been Prime Minister of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic since 30 June 1999. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı  (Turkish) Independence March Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic[1]  - President Mehmet Ali Talat  - Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Republic of Cyprus (de facto)   - Proclaimed November 15, 1983   - Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  - Total 3,355 km² (not ranked... The President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is the head of state of the TRNC. Rauf DenktaÅŸ was the first and founder president of TRNC, retired in 2005. ... Mehmet Ali Talat Mehmet Ali Talat (born July 6, 1952) is the current President of the de factoTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which controls the northern third of the island of Cyprus and is unrecognized by any nation except Turkey. ... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... F.S. Soyer, TRNC PM Ferdi Sabit Soyer (born 1951) is the TRNC Prime Minister, and Deputy Leader of TRNC President Mehmet Ali Talats Republican Turkish Party (CTP). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... The President of the Palestinian National Authority is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). ... Mahmoud Abbas (Arabic: محمود عباس) (born March 26, 1935), commonly known by the kunya or nom de guerre Abu Mazen (ابو مازن), was elected President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) on January 9, 2005, and took office on January 15, 2005. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... The Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority is the head of government of the Palestinian government. ... Ismail Haniya (more frequently Haniyeh) (born 1963) (Arabic: إسماعيل هنية) is the Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somaliland. ... Motto لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله  (Arabic) Lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadun rasÅ«lu-llāhi  (transliteration) There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah And also : Justice, Peace, Freedom, Democracy and Success for All Anthem Saamo ku waar Capital Hargeisa (1941-1960) (1991 - present) Official languages Somali and... This is a list of presidents of Somaliland. ... Dahir Rayaleh Kahin (Somali: Daahir Riyaale Kaahin) (born 1952, Quljeed, British Somaliland) is the President of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Ossetia. ... National anthem Unknown Official languages Ossetian, with Russian having and widespread use by government and other institutions Political status De facto independent Capital Tskhinvali Capitals coordinates 42°14′N 43°58′E President Eduard Djabeevich Kokoity Prime Minister Yury Morozov Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Georgia  1991-11-28  none... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Eduard Dzhabeyevich Kokoity (surname also rendered as Kokoyty or Kokoiti or in a Russified version as Kokoyev) is the current President of South Ossetia, a de facto (though internationally unrecognized) independent state within the Republic of Georgia. ... This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tamil_Eelam. ... Anthem: Political status      Unrecognized de facto quasi-independent state Languages      Tamil (de facto official) English Capital Trincomalee President Velupillai Prabhakaran[1] Independence (from Sri Lanka) No official declaration   Area           19,509 km² claimed[2] 6,600–9,750 km² administered (40–50% of claimed area) Population (of claimed area) 3... This article is in need of attention. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Republic of China is commonly known as Taiwan or Chinese Taipei, and it is not to be confused with the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan, the executive branch of the Republic of China, which currently administers Taiwan. ... Su Tseng-chang (蘇貞昌, pinyin: SÅ« ZhÄ“nchāng; born July 28, 1947) is a Taiwanese politician of the Democratic Progressive Party. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Transnistria. ... For the region during the Second World War, see Transnistria (World War II). ... The President of Transnistria is the highest elected official of Transnistria, a small country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. ... Igor Nikolaevich Smirnov (Russian: ), (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Sahara. ... Motto: حرية ديمقراطية وحدة (Arabic) Liberty, Democracy, Unity Anthem: Yābaniy Es-Saharā  listen This map indicates the territory claimed by the SADR, viz. ... Belligerent military occupation occurs when one nations military occupies all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent. ... A government in exile is a political group that claims to be a countrys legitimate government, but for various reasons is unable to exercise its legal power, and instead resides in a foreign country. ... The Free Zone is in yellow on the map. ... The office of President of Western Sahara is a head of state position over the parliamentary government of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. ... Mohamed Abdelaziz, pictured c. ... This page contains a list of Prime Ministers of Western Sahara. ... Abdelkader Taleb Oumar (Arabic: عبد القادر طالب عمر) is the current Prime Minister of Western Sahara, in the framework of the exiled Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ...

Notes

  1. In the Commonwealth Realms (with the exception of the United Kingdom), the head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by a Governor-General.
  2. The Preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea states, "The DPRK and the entire Korean people will uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung as the eternal President of the Republic, defend and carry forward his ideas and exploits and complete the Juche revolution under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea." Kim Il Sung died in 1994.
  3. The Council as a whole makes decisions.
  4. The President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  5. The Constitution of Japan renders the Emperor as the "Symbol of State." While he performs the functions of a Head of State, his lack of reserve powers makes his status as the formal Head of State a subject of debate.
  6. Although the Palestinian Authority is the responsible for the administration of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, it is the Palestinian Liberation Organisation that handles the international affairs regarding the Palestinian people.
  7. On November 12, 2006 the Salvation Union of South Ossetia, opposing the leadership of Eduard Kokoity, held an alternative presidential election, in which former South Ossetian prime minister Dmitri Sanakoev was chosen as the president of the alternative government of South Ossetia.

The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... Manse Manse! Kim Jong Il! The Juche Idea (also Juche Sasang or Chuche; pronounced // in Korean, approximately joo-cheh) is the official state ideology of North Korea and the political system based on it. ... The Workers Party of Korea (WPK; Korean chosŏngÅ­l: 조선로동당; hanja: 朝鮮勞動黨; McCune-Reischauer: Chosŏn Rodong-dang; revised: Joseon Rodong-dang ) is the ruling party of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea. ... First among equals is a phrase which indicates that a person is the most senior of a group of people sharing the same rank or office. ... The Constitution of Japan has been the founding legal document of Japan since 1947. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... In most countries, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state in certain exceptional circumstances. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة تحرير فلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state to consist of the... Palestinians are people with family origins mainly in Palestine. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Eduard Dzhabeyevich Kokoity (surname also rendered as Kokoyty or Kokoiti or in a Russified version as Kokoyev) is the current President of South Ossetia, a de facto (though internationally unrecognized) independent state within the Republic of Georgia. ... Dmitry Sanakoev (born in 1969) is a South Ossetian politician. ...

See also

This is a list of state leaders, showing current heads of state and heads of government where different, ordered by the date they asssumed the office. ... This is a list of current foreign ministers of the 192 United Nations member states, the Holy See (Vatican City), the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Palestinian Authority, and Western Sahara, (SADR). ... This is a list of national legislatures, whether parliamentary or congressional, that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives with the power to legislate. ... These are lists of incumbents, i. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is a list of political parties around the world in the form of a table including links to the lists of political parties in the countries and entities listed in the list of countries, showing which party system... This is a list of women who have been appointed head of state of their respective countries. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ...

External links

  • Rulers.org List of rulers throughout time and places

  Results from FactBites:
 
List of state leaders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (377 words)
This is a list of state leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships.
Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.
Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Sr.
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